The Anyuta grape variety is ideal for debut winegrowers.
The variety has a high yield of fruits with nutmeg. Grape sweaters do not require much attention.
Characteristics of a variety
Annie is a hybrid form of table grapes. Medium maturityis from 140 to 150 days. And in the first days of autumn - mid-September, it fully reaches its maturation.
This grape famous for its excellent presentation. Thanks to him, Anyuta is easy to sell and successfully transport.
By the time of its fruiting - by the fifth year after planting, the bush of this variety will be able to twist the support reaching the three-meter mark.
Hybrid grape varieties have their own characteristics, but always remain favorites. You can also get acquainted with some of them on our website. We present to your attention the hybrids: Aladdin, Kinglet, Super Extra, Valery Voevoda, Pride.
Description grapes "Annie"
The clusters of Anyuta are conical and very large, reaching more than a kilogram in weight.. Loose location of the grapes on the bunch, makes it more crumbly in its structure.
Berries large 15-20 grams and 36h25 millimeters. The shape of the oval, medium density, with four ossicles. Berries are prone to cracking with abundant watering of the bush or excessive weather precipitation.
Color varieties dark pink with the taste of nutmeg. The peel is elastic eaten with dense flesh. In the grafted culture, Anyuta is vigorous. Please note that most of the vines of the bush are highly fertile. Has the ability to self-pollinate with the help of a bisexual flower .
Trim sleeves and young shoots must be made in early autumn. In the vigorous shrub varieties Anyuta removal should be long and intense.
Each shoot must be shortened by eight eyes. This method will increase the quantity and quality of the crop for the next year several times.
Among vigorous varieties can also be identified: Ataman Pavlyuk, Anthony the Great and Ametist.
Photo grapes "Annie":
There is a lot of time and a lot of attention for breeding the grape varieties Anyuta. is he perfectly adapts to all climatic conditions.
Anyuta is able to quickly adapt and take root freely. Well take root in the southern and central part of Russia.
Anuta is a crossing Varieties Talisman and Kishmish Radiant (Kesha 1 x Kishmish Radiant). This variety brought the national breeder V.N. Krainov. Cuttings are rooted with ease with good ripening of the shoots.
A distinctive feature of this variety is the excellent compatibility with rootstocks.. Fruits and shoots grow well with a rich planting of bushes over a large area.
Reference. VN Krainov was able to achieve excellent results in amateur selection of grapes. He followed in the footsteps of his father, a retired colonel, and devoted his life to the cultivation of grape varieties.
WITH 1995 Vladimir Nikolaevich made his first crosses of new hybrid forms. The first harvest was given in two years. And successful crossbreeding he succeeded only after several years of hard work.
Krayn developed eight wonderful grape varieties. He considered this variety to be his favorite and was very pleased with the cultivated grape variety because of its delicate taste with the mild aroma of nutmeg.
In the last years of his life, the breeder had many followers. VN Kraynova, of course, can be considered one of the first best breeders of the Russian Federation.
We offer to your attention other varieties from the famous breeder presented on our website: Blagovest, Victor, Angelica, Anthony the Great.
This variety Anyuta is a grape of special quality because of its high yield..
Some bushes with their rich fruits can even overload the bush, which leads to its damage. therefore should be in the fall with the help of circumcision to regulate the presence of clusters and shoots.
Not afraid of frost to minus 23 degrees Celsius. But the procedure of covering the bushes for the winter with plastic wrap is desirable. It is worth noting that the polyethylene sack does not allow air to pass through.
Therefore, the winter process of harboring grapes must be supervised. Autumn cuttings or grafted rootstocks must be covered with sand at their root system.
In order to avoid sand scattering in the fall, it needs to be covered with boards, moss or plywood.
How to protect against diseases and pests?
The grapes are resistant to fungal diseases: to oidium and mildew - 3-3.5 points of stability. The grade is not subject to a pea. With the defeat of Anyuta powdery mildew, prophylactic sprays are necessary.
If you do not take into account the excellent steadfastness to fungal diseases, bushes varieties Anyuta need to spray fungicidal agents. Prevention is performed before flowering poviteli, as well as during the development of grape fruit on the inflorescences.
Due to the thick skin, wasp crop damage is excluded. Bushes of grapes need to be fed abundantly. The most excellent dressing are phosphate-potassium composts, and manure and humus.
As for other diseases that are often found in grapes, this information is presented in the articles of our website and you can easily read it. Read about the signs and measures against bacterial cancer, anthracnose, various rot, rubella, chlorosis and bacteriosis.
Grafting on the stock
Before the procedure, it is necessary to pour plenty of water and clean it well.. In the middle, make a small hole in which you want to lower the cutting.
With a wide stock, you can plant several seedlings at the same time. The depth of the pit should not exceed eighty centimeters. Cuttings wedge pruned.
To retain moisture, the upper part of the seedling needs to be waxed. For good contact between the wood of the stock and the seedling, the grafting area must be tightly tightened.
To retain moisture and bleed air to the injured areas of the cutting, the grafting site must be disinfected with wet clay.
After the procedure, the stock must be watered with a sufficient amount of water. And in the soil to establish a backup for weaving a bush vines.
Landing is done in autumn and late spring.. When planting a sapling in the spring, the bush has time to get stronger and perfectly take root.
Good makeup and abundant soil moisture will help the bush to feed on moisture, which will significantly increase frost resistance. After watering the bushes, the earth around the shtambov grapes envelop in mulch. It simultaneously serves as a top dressing and helps the bush to retain moisture in the ground.
Most convenient mulch for grape bushes varieties Anyuta is humus, moss and blackened sawdust.
Variety high-yielding, not picky in weather conditions, temperature difference. It is important to consider that the grape bushes planted on the south side grow well and bear fruit well. Plants on the north side of the field ripen slowly and unevenly.
Breeding history, description and characteristics of the variety
There are a great many species and hybrid forms of grapes, but breeders do not stop working on the creation of new and new varieties, because "there is no limit to perfection." By crossing and pollinating different grape varieties in different combinations, amateur scientists and breeders get new forms with given parameters - resistance to diseases, high yields, excellent taste, technical and external data.Mid-grade grape Anyuta
The grapes of Anyuta were bred thanks to the efforts of the famous amateur breeder of modernity VN. Krainova. The hybrids created by him are always popular, but the grapes with the gentle female name “Anyuta” deservedly occupy one of the leading positions. He took the best qualities from his parental pair - the popular seedless grape Kishmish Radiant and the most famous selection variety Talisman (Kesha). It is often used by breeders as a parent form, which serves as a donor of yield and high resistance to adverse climate.
Annie - mid-season variety, the crop ripens for 140-145 days from the appearance of the ovaries, i.e. The first harvests can be harvested from the beginning to the middle of September. Depending on the natural and weather conditions of the region, dates vary + -1-2 weeks. Shrubs tall, reach a height of 3m. Fruiting begins at 3-4 year after planting seedlings. High and stable yield varieties deserve special attention - on fertile soils at the stage of ripening fruits of the vine can be so overloaded with clusters that it is recommended even to regulate their number in order to avoid damage to the bushes. The weight of clusters varies from 0.7 kg to 1.2 kg, but not rarely, and to 1.5 kg.
Description and characteristics of berries
Bunches of grapes Anyuta have the shape of a cone and loose structure, the berries are freely arranged and therefore weighty fruits appear even more. Huge bunches of grapes have a great presentation and give the bushes an attractive and presentable look. It is all about themselves berries - bright pink color, beautiful oval shape and very large sizes - on average 35x25 mm and more, have 4 bones. Berry weight reaches 15-20g the pulp fleshy, dense and tasty, very juicy, with a slight nutmeg aftertaste. Skin also dense, but along with the pulp is easily eaten.Anuta grapes, oval or egg-shaped
But after ripening the bunch should not be left on the bushes, as the flesh liquefies and the taste deteriorates significantly. Signs of the effect of pea berries are absent.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of “Anyuta” is the simplicity of cultivation (which is especially important for novice gardeners), the simplicity of the plant, stable and high yields with minimal care. A number of advantages can be continued:
- great taste and appearancethat provide great marketable products,
- the good preservation of berries with transportability over long distances (even at elevated temperatures), which is important for the realization of rich yields,
- thanks to the dense skin of the berry not damaged by wasps,
- hybrid absolutely not subject to pea,
- variety has bisexual flowersthat provides good selfing,
- high frost resistance - up to 22-24 ° C, but experienced growers recommend sheltering for the winter - it's better to be safe than to damage the plant,
- high the stability of the bushes to fungal infections, mildew, powdery mildew,
- 100% rooting of cuttingsfor which any stocks are suitable.
But, despite this number of advantages, there are some limitations varieties:
- bones - albeit rather small, but still, their presence makes it difficult to fully enjoy the true taste of berries,
- if you overdo the harvest on the bushes, dense fleshy the pulp is liquefiedbecomes mucous
- because of the huge amount of ovaries the harvest can ripen badly, therefore it is necessary to regulate their number, cutting off superfluous clusters,
- at high humidity the berries are cracking,
- possible root freezing, requiring shelter for the winter.
Agrotechnical features of Anyuta grape variety
Planting material harvested in the fall, during trimming the bushes before winter. The cuttings of annual shoots are cut to a length of 30-40 cm, treated with 5% solution of iron sulphate, wrapped in a damp cloth and cellophane, stored at t + 5 ° C.
In the case of vaccination, the plant immediately receives a powerful root system, it develops better and faster, but it can inherit all diseases of the rootstock, which will eventually manifest on it. A sapling will avoid these problems, but it will develop more slowly and will begin to bear fruit for 4-5 years of growth.Germination cuttings grapes Anyuta
Landing. In February, cuttings spread in wet coniferous sawdust and wait for the appearance of roots. Then planted in boxes with peat and sand, put on the windowsills - young shoots need an abundance of light and heat. In the open ground transferred in May. They dig up the soil well, fertilize it, make deep holes. At their bottom rubble is poured, then layers of humus, mineral fertilizers (potassium, phosphorus, iron), fertile soil.
A place. Although the variety is not considered to be very demanding on growth and care conditions, it is better to follow certain rules and requirements to achieve the most comfortable conditions. In the best way grapes will grow and bear fruit in well-lit, sunny spaces or on the south side of the house. Since the bushes are quite powerful, tall, they need a lot of space for full growth and nutrition. Therefore, between adjacent plants the distance should be at least 1 m, and from the building to the bush - at least 70 cm.Scheme planting grapes Anyuta
Care for young and adult plants
Further care is to carry out the usual activities:
- watering - rare, but plentiful (in early spring, before and after flowering),
- soil mulching around the trunk of blackened sawdust or organic matter,
- autumn pruning sleeves and shoots for 6-8 buds,
- although the Anyuta variety is resistant to many diseases, preventive treatment fungicidal anti fungal drugs are not superfluous before the start of flowering and the formation of ovaries,
- cover a tall bush for the winter It is easiest to film, but it is necessary to monitor the state of moisture under the shelter, to ensure air circulation.
Applying simple methods of care for Anyuta, you will be rewarded with a bountiful harvest of excellent fragrant berries.