With regular use, soil depletes resources. In order to preserve the yield, it is necessary to feed. For this purpose, perfectly suitable "Azofoska", which is used not only for suburban areas, but also on an industrial scale.
“Azofoska” is a solid granular substance of white or pinkish color. The size of granules is 1–4 mm. Contains 3 active components: Nitrogen (15–25%) is part of proteins, leads to an increase in life cycles (increases the number of ovaries and fruits). Phosphorus (5–20%) stimulates development during the growing season. Potassium (5–19%) stimulates metabolic processes, favorably influences plant immunity, participates in the development of the root system, affects the color and taste of the fruit.
In addition to the main components, "Azofoska" contains sulfur (2.5–4%), which is involved in the process of photosynthesis. With an excess of nitrogen, it contributes to the breakdown of nitrates.
The main functions of "Azofoski":
- Strengthening the immunity of plants, contributes to resistance to diseases, as well as adaptation to climate change.
- Crop growth due to increased fruit mass.
- Increase the nutritional value of plants.
- Increased plant storage time.
Depending on the quantitative composition of the active elements nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), several types of fertilizer are distinguished.
NPK 16:16:16 a classic tool has an equal amount of each of the main elements, used in spring when digging the soil (diluted in water 30–40 g), for feeding fruit crops (40–60 g per 1 m 2), tomato and eggplant seedlings ( 4–5 g per well).
NPK 19: 9: 19 This species is used for soils containing a sufficient amount of phosphorus. The greatest efficiency of application in areas with a warm, dry climate where phosphorus from a soil is not washed away.
NPK 22:11:11 due to high dosages of active substances, used to restore fertility on tired, depleted soils (which are intensively used annually).
The use of "Azofoski"
"Azofoska" is suitable for any crops. It can be applied both as top dressing, and as the main fertilizer for plants.
It can be used not only on open ground, but also in greenhouses. The effectiveness of the fertilizer will appear regardless of the type of soil (its acidity or particle size distribution)."Azofoska" is like for any crops
The effectiveness of "Azofoski" for different soils
For leached, sod-podzolic clay soils with a single injection of the entire dose and with multiple partial application, the efficiency is the same.
In the case of ordinary, carbonate and southern chernozem there is less manifestation of the positive effects of “Azofoski”.
For chestnut soils, sierozem, the effect of fertilizer can be increased by irrigation.
There are some rules for using fertilizer:
- In the spring azofosku should be made in advance, before planting plants.
- In the autumn it is better to use fertilizer while digging the land.
- For summer bait should reduce the dosage in 2 times.
- The drug must be made in strict dosages, its surplus will not be absorbed, accumulating in plants and fruits.
- To avoid the accumulation of nitrates in the ground, “Azofoskaya” should be used no more than 2 years in a row, then you should take a break and start using organic products (manure, compost).
- Azofoska needs to be brought only in the heated-up earth, it is necessary to do it not earlier than May and not later than the beginning of October. Otherwise, the nitrates will accumulate in the upper layers of the soil, and then be absorbed by the plants.
- when fertilizing annual plants, it is necessary to scatter the granules on the soil (30–40 g / m 2),
- when planting seedlings, fertilizer injected into the wells of 2-4 g,
- for feeding garden or indoor plants, you need to prepare a solution "Azofoski": 30-40 g per 10 l of water,
- shrubs and trees are fertilized by distributing the pond “Azofoski” around the trunk (35 g / m 2).
Top dressing of cucumbers
Cucumber fertilizer is carried out in stages:
- The bed prepared earlier is treated with an aqueous solution of “Azofoski” a week before sowing seeds or planting seedlings.
- In the first week of summer, it is necessary to introduce organic fertilizer.
- 14 days after the introduction of organic fertilizer, you need to carry out the third feeding "Azofoskoy."
After this introduction, fertilizer is no longer required, since nitrates can accumulate in the fruit. If you need additional feeding, it is better to use organic fertilizer.Top dressing cucumbers azofoskoy
Fertilizing of grapes can be done with dry fertilizer (35 g / m 2) or watered with a solution (30 g per 10 l) under the root.
The introduction of "Azofoski" should be 2 times:
- Before flowering.
- After the formation of the ovaries.
Strawberries need to be fertilized before flowering. Locally (30 g / m 2) or foliar method (50 g per 10 l of water).
Plant age also affects fertilizer intake. Biennial strawberry bushes after harvesting is treated with a solution (30 g per 10 l).
Three year old strawberries are fed twice:
- Before the appearance of the buds, under each three-year-old bush, it is necessary to pour out 0.5 l of “Azofoski” solution (30 g per 10 l).
- Add 200 g of ash to the solution of “Azofoski” (30 g per 10 l) and treat the soil after picking berries and cutting the leaves.
"Azofoska" for flowers
Flowers annual and perennial, fertilized in 3 stages:
- To 10 liters of water, add 30 g of fertilizer and enter in the spring period 2 weeks after the emergence of shoots.
- During the formation of buds. The concentration of the solution must be increased. To do this, take 50 g of “Azofoski” for 10 liters.
- During flowering to introduce fertilizer for the last time.
For indoor plants “Azofoska” is used in the form of a solution of 40–45 g per 10 l of water, for spraying from a spray bottle.
Advantages and disadvantages of "Azofoski"
The advantages include:
- high concentration of useful elements,
- efficiency. When using the drug yield increases by 30–70%,
- good solubility in water
- preservation of crumbly structure (during storage, the granules do not stick together).
- short shelf life
- provoking the formation of nitrates in the soil,
- inorganic nature.
Why is this complex so fond of gardeners? The first thing, of course, is the price. Purchase of top dressing for large garden plots is quite expensive, but this problem was solved when the fertilizer appeared. The use of highly concentrated mineral fertilizer allows you to easily enrich the soil with essential nutrients.
If you look at the percentage, in the first place in the composition of the fertilizer is nitrogen. Its quantity varies depending on the brand under which azofosk fertilizer is supplied to the market. The use of one or another species depends on the needs of a particular culture. Nitrogen is a very important element, it is part of the proteins of the cells, but an excess of it for one culture is acceptable, and for another it means certain death.
In second place in the composition of fertilizer phosphorus. It also belongs to the macro elements vital for any fruit plant. Its minimum content is 4%, and the maximum 20%. This allows you to meet the needs of plants in the necessary substances in any period of their growth. This is a unique fertilizer azofoska. The use of any other mineral dressing is limited to a specific period (active growth, flowering, fruiting), and various brands of azefoski are needed almost constantly.
Smaller amounts contain potassium in the composition - a very important element, the content of which is from 5 to 18%. Finally, sulfur is its least complex, but this is enough to meet the needs of fruit plants. Below we take a closer look at the use of this fertilizer for different garden crops.
Features of the mineral complex
First of all, I want to emphasize that this feeding is neutral and universal. That allows you to use it almost everywhere. Moreover, the poorer the soil, the more noticeable is the increase in yield. Even if sand and clay predominate on the site, applying this fertilizer will literally transform your site. On chernozem, the effect of its introduction will be less, although it is still noticeable.
The versatility of this complex lies in the fact that it is perfect for greenhouses and open ground. Most often experienced gardeners use it as the main fertilizer. You can add it just before planting, but first read the instructions, so that there is no excess of mineral fertilizers. You can focus on what kind of soil you have on the site. It is better to fertilize heavy loam or clay soils in the fall, but light, sandy lands are prone to leaching out of fertilizers, so they must be applied right before planting.
How to apply it on the garden plot?
Let's now take a closer look at how we work with the azofosk complex (fertilizer). The instructions for use indicate that absolutely all crops respond to its application to the soil. That is, you can make granules in the beds, under fruit trees, add to the soil for pot plants. It perfectly shows itself in direct contact with the seeds, as well as in the processing of vegetative green mass. However, a special place is occupied by azofoska in growing seedlings. It stimulates the development of the root system and strengthens the above-ground mass. In combination, this guarantees an increase in its resistance to adverse conditions.
This culture perfectly responds to fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, among which the first in the list is azofosk. Fertilizer (the application for potatoes has been tested for almost a century of practice) is the best option for improving soil fertility. In this case, the optimal dose depends on the availability of nutrients to the soil. With the scatter method, 6–8 kg per hundred are applied, if you have sod-podzolic soils on a plot, 4–6 kg on gray or dark gray soils, and on black soil you can reduce the deposit to 3 kg per hundred.
Growing garden vegetables
If far from all of them plant potatoes in their plot, then not growing a fresh cucumber is considered completely unacceptable for the gardener. It is extremely important to feed cucumber seedlings in spring so that it develops into strong and fertile bushes. Perfect for this purpose azofoska (fertilizer). Use for cucumbers is due to the fact that this mineral complex is responsible for the growth of all parts of the plant, which means that the lash will grow several times faster than usual. The presence of phosphorus will ensure the rapid growth of the root system, and potassium - the possibility for abundant flowering and excellent yield. When sowing cucumber fertilizer is applied to the soil, based on the calculation of 30 g per 1 m 2. For root feeding, 300–500 g of solution is applied for each plant (40 g per 10 liters of water).
Tomatoes are even more demanding on top dressing, and again the best option for them is azofoska (fertilizer). Application for a tomato requires adherence to a certain scheme and then guarantees an excellent yield of this crop. For the first time this mineral complex is introduced when planting seedlings. Dosage 0.5 tsp to 1 liter of water. Feeding is repeated after 15 days. When planting in the soil is better to bring organic matter, but with the advent of the first buds again feed Azofoskoy (25 g per 10 liters of water).
Azofoska is not a new fertilizer, it has been known to gardeners for many decades. Judging by the reviews, it is an inexpensive and very effective tool. Describing experiments on their own plots, gardeners note an increase in yield several times with regular introduction of this mineral complex into the soil. What is remarkable, it is universal, that is, it is perfect for any agricultural crop, which means it will definitely come in handy on your site.
This is the terrible word nitrates
Everything is heard and afraid of them. Meanwhile, nitrates are dangerous only when fertilizer accumulates in fruits and root crops due to an oversupply of fertilizers. However, manufacturers prefer not to advertise the second name of azofoski - nitroammofoska, so as not to attract public attention to the topic of nitrates.
It is worth remembering that azofoska and nitroammofoska are one and the same. And do not be afraid of the word "nitro" in the name of the drug. It only means that the active substances, namely phosphates, nitrogen and potassium, are included in this agrochemical in nitrate form. And it is this form that gives such high results of plant digestibility of these substances. Azofoska very well affects all garden and garden plants, and also flower cultures. In addition, the complex is not fully contained in the azofosc in the nitrate form, but partially in the ammonium form, which distinguishes the fertilizer, for example, from the nitrophosphate.
Azofoska and nitroammofoska are one and the same
Rules for the use of azofoski
So that the nitrate component does not accumulate in the parts of the plants eaten, using an azofosca it is enough to follow a number of rules. Strictly following them, you can easily protect yourself and loved ones from the harmful effects and at the same time significantly increase the yield.
- Fertilizer is applied exclusively at the rate. Under no circumstances should it be exceeded. Normally, the elements in the nitrate form are completely absorbed. The excess norm immediately settles in the plant tissues, concentrating in the fruits and thus getting into the human body.
- It is necessary to observe the sequence of dressings, alternating mineral components with organic ones. Do not fertilize the plants from year to year with some chemicals. Azofoskoy can use a maximum of two years in a row. Then, so that the nitrates do not accumulate in the soil, you should feed the plants with organic fertilizers.
- It is forbidden to make azofoska in cold soil. Lack of heat will contribute to the rapid accumulation of nitrate elements in the upper soil layer, from which they are then instantly absorbed by plants. In the autumn of Azofoska contribute no later than the first decade of September. In the spring, you should not fertilize the Azofosky garden before the last decade of May.
Important! Cattle dung also contains nitrate compounds. Therefore, as organic matter it is better to use green vegetable fertilizer - compost or vermicompost.
It is forbidden to make azofoska in cold soil
How to apply azofosku
This agrochemical is universal, so it can be used in any climate and on any type of soil. When making it worth bearing in mind that there are several different types of azofoski, which are different from each other in the ratio of the three components.
Azofoska is a universal fertilizer
Some formulas contain more nitrogen. Others include elevated phosphorus. In the third potassium prevails. The variability of the NPK complex allows the use of an azofosca, individualizing the needs of different plants during different periods of their growing season.
Universal formula with optimum universal dosage. For digging it is used per m² - up to 2 tbsp. Under the roots of fruit trees - up to 3 tbsp. on each tree, deepening in pristvolny circle.
Garden vegetables - half a teaspoon per well when planting seedlings.
Root crops and potatoes: in the spring, under the digging - up to 2 tbsp. on m ², in the summer - as a liquid top-dressing according to the instruction
Recommendations for use
Azofoska allowed to use absolutely on all soil types
Instructions for use states that adding fertilizer is allowed absolutely on all soil types. Apply fertilizer well to:
- chernozem soils
- clay soils
- marshy soils,
Separately recommended azofoska for low diffuse weighted soils, where the remaining minerals are poorly distributed on the upper layer, accumulating and localizing.
Azofoska is considered an agrochemical, harmless to humans
The use of the drug does not require protective clothing, respirator and gloves. Azofoska is considered an agrochemical, harmless to humans.
Fertilizer is very economical. The score when used goes on grams and tablespoons. The average application rate is about 40 g per m². With the low cost of the drug, this makes it the most cost-effective of all chemical fertilizers. Therefore, azofoska is widely used both in industrial and private farms.
Azofoska is an affordable fertilizer - you can buy it at any gardening shop. The fertilizer has a convenient packing, starting from half a kilogram. For large farms it is possible to purchase the drug in 50 kg bags.
Tip! Азофоску производят во многих странах, и состав ее существенно не отличается, но все же при покупке лучше предпочесть продукт отечественных изготовителей или финские марки. Они больше всех подходят к условиям среднеполосного климата. Также их хорошо использовать и в холодных районах.
Удобрение азофоска является очень экономичным
If on the package with the drug is the name of nitroammofosk - you can buy it in the same way, since this is just the second name of this chemical preparation. If neither azofoski nor nitroammofoski are on sale for some reason, there is a cheaper version - nitrophoska. Despite the difference in names, the principle of action and composition of these drugs are the same. The only difference is in the quantitative indices of one or another component and in the fact that nitrophoska contains components in pure nitrate compound.
How to store azofosku
It often happens that fertilizer is purchased in bulk, in quantities much larger than necessary for fertilizing a plot. What are the conditions of its storage. Azofoska is safe for humans fertilizers. It is not flammable, not flammable, not explosive. But there are several nuances that are worth paying attention to.
Important! In case of fire, Azofoska does not ignite and does not undergo combustion. But when the fertilizer is heated to + 200 ° C, it begins to emit gaseous poisons, which are dangerous for the person to inhale.
Azophoska should be stored in tight plastic bags.
The fertilizer itself cannot explode, but its dust has increased explosiveness. With large accumulations and high concentrations in the air, it can spontaneously explode. Therefore, it cannot be allowed to accumulate in the room where the fertilizer is stored for a long time.
Tip! Dust can also be used as a fertilizer. For this it is necessary to collect. Sprayed moisten the places of accumulation of dust (floor corners of the room), then collected, dissolved in water and used in the form of easily digestible and fast effective fertilizer for all garden and flower plants in the summer, during the active growing season.
Azofoska should be stored in tight plastic bags with clamps or sealed. The preparation protected from hit of air, moisture and sunshine can be stored 18 months. If you keep the package with the azefosco open, the fertilizer will lose all its properties and become useless in six months.
Adding an article to a new collection
Nitroammofoska (azofoska) is a popular agrochemical known to many summer residents. But do we all know about him? Let's figure it out.
Azofoska belongs to the class of preparations harmless to humans and animals. At its application it is not required to put on protective clothes, but not all gardeners are ready to use this agrochemical in their area. Is azofosca dangerous and how to apply it correctly?
Should I be afraid of nitrates?
Many summer residents are afraid to use mineral fertilizers, because of them, roots and other vegetables accumulate nitrates. But in fact, this happens only with an excess of fertilizers. From the correct doses of the plant receive only benefit.
And even despite the fact that the second name of azofoska is nitroammophoska, you should not be afraid of this drug. The word "nitro" means only that phosphates, nitrogen and potassium (active ingredients) enter the chemical in nitrate form. This allows plants to assimilate the amount of nutrients they need.
Advantages of using azofoski
1. Since azofoska is a universal fertilizer, it can be used on any type of soil and in any climate.
2. Azofoska is very economical: it is inexpensive, and an average of about 40 g of fertilizer per 1 square meter of soil. Not surprisingly, it is often used in agriculture.
3. You can buy the drug in any gardening shop.
If you did not find either azofoski or nitroammofoski (which is the same) on sale, you can purchase nitrophore. The principle of action of these drugs is similar, the difference lies only in the quantitative ratios of the components.
"Azofoska" - what is it?Fertilizer "Azofoska"produced in granular form, is a complex fertilizer with a wide range of applications, refers to nitroammophosphate.
It is a neutral agrochemical used on all types of soil, for all cultivated and ornamental plants. The maximum effect is noticeable on scanty soils: sandy or clayey, on chernozem less, since the soil itself is nutritious.
"Azofoska" has several brands, so the composition of the fertilizer, the percentage ratio of elements may be different.
The main active element is nitrogen., it is a component of the plant cell protein and is involved in all its life cycles. The percentage of the substance, depending on the brand - from 16% to 26%.
Phosphorus content varies from 4% to 20%, the substance is necessary for crops at the beginning of the growing season, the macroelement stimulates the growth of plants.
Amount of potassium varies from 5% to 18%; an element is necessary for plants for a good metabolism, it helps to form the root system, it is responsible for the taste and color of future fruits, actively participating in their formation. A lack of potassium can reduce the immunity of plants to disease, their resistance to changing weather conditions.
"Azofoska" has in its composition sulfur in a small amount - from 2.6% to 4%, but this amount is enough for normal photosynthesis, in which the element takes part, for the breakdown of non-protein compounds (nitrates) formed with an excess of nitrogen, for the formation of useful acids, essential oils and other organic compounds in fruit and cereal crops.
When applied fertilizer "Azofoska"
When you need to fertilize "Azofoskoy" - for each culture its own methods and terms. Fertilizer is applied when digging in the fall as the main, when planting in a hole, in the spring to the soil before planting, after harvesting.
Heavy soils should be fertilized after harvesting the precursor. Light - in the spring, as the meltwater can wash the autumn introduction of "Azofoski".
"Azofoska" - universal fertilizer: the ways and areas of its application are quite diverse. The drug is used for both root and foliar dressings, in a liquid solution and in dry form. "Azofosku" apply:
- when sowing seeds, for fertilizing seedlings during germination,
- in the cultivation of tuberous, root and bulbous crops,
- "Azofoska" is well suited to many garden crops: for grapes and strawberries, for fruit and berry trees and shrubs,
- apply the drug on lawns and for decorative flowers and shrubs.
Features of the use of "Azofoski": how to fertilize plants correctly
“Azofoska” is a mineral fertilizer, overdose can be fraught with it, so before applying the dressing, carefully read the instructions. All the nutrients in small quantities absorbed by the root system of plants, an excess of the same accumulates in the fruit, entering our body.
Let's figure out the dosage of fertilizer: how to apply dry and how to dilute “Azofoska” in water.
For all annual crops when scattering per square meter take from 30 to 45 g of the composition.
Under shrubs and trees per square meter of the circle of the circle goes 35 g of granules.
For root dressings Prepare a solution in proportions of 2 g per liter of water, in the same proportion prepare a solution for home flowerpots.
When feeding "Azofoskoy", planting seedlings in open ground tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in the hole, put half a teaspoonful of granules.
Advantages of using "Azofoski" for garden crops
As already mentioned, "Azofoska" suitable for all types of soil and all garden plants. The drug is well in contact with the seeds and seedlings, what is its undoubted advantage over other drugs. Consider the example of the two most popular garden crops - tomatoes and potatoes.
Fertilizer "Azofoska" when used for potatoes satisfies all culture needs for nutrients and nutrients. Crop seedlings are resistant to extreme temperatures, with drought or heavy rainfall. Fertilizer enhances immunity to disease, increases the quality and quantity of the crop, as well as the ability of tubers for long-term storage, preventing possible rotting of potatoes.Fertilizer "Azofoska" when applied to tomatoes hardens seedlings after planting in open ground, increases the ability to resist pathogenic bacteria and adverse weather conditions. Due to its balanced composition, it maximally saturates the culture, without the risk of over-saturation with individual elements. This is an ideal fertilizer for tomatoes at the beginning of their active growth and development.
So, the main advantages of the mineral fertilizer "Azofoska":
- the main source of properly balanced mineral elements
- dissolves in water without sediment and is well absorbed by plants,
- stimulates growth and rooting, strengthens the root system,
- increases disease resistance, increases yield,
- practically not washed away by precipitation, saturating the soil for a long period.
Terms of storage fertilizer "Azofoska"
“Azofoska” is not a dangerous fertilizer, however, the instructions for use describe the conditions for proper storage. Rules must be observed, as there are some nuances.
The first - dust from the drug tends to explode spontaneously with large accumulation and dryness. In this case, the dust is sprayed with water, then collected and used, diluting with water.
Second nuance - fertilizer when heated to 200 degrees produces toxins that are hazardous to health.
After applying "Azofoski" in the country or in the backyard plot, the preparation should be kept in tightly closed packages: either this is a form with a plastic retainer, or the edge of the package must be soldered.
Store in dry and dark rooms, preferably ventilated. Shelf life - one and a half years, subject to the tightness of the package.
"Azofos" and "Azofoska" - is it the same thing?“Azofoska” or “Nitroammofoska” (the second name of the drug) is often confused with “Azofos”. These are different drugs.
"Azofoska" – This fertilizer is designed to saturate the soil with nutrients.
"Azofos" – it is a fungicide, its purpose is to prevent and combat various crop diseases. The drug, in addition to the basic elements - nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium, also contains zinc, copper and magnesium.
The accumulation of nitrates with the use of "Azofoski" is possible only when the dosage is exceeded, otherwise this drug is safe. Since this fertilizer is important for all crops - fruit, ornamental, and flower, it becomes indispensable at the site and, if used correctly, will bring significant benefits to your plants.
Industrial analog of azofoska
Another variety named by the manufacturer. nitrophoska (Nitro - nitrogen) .. In this case, it is important to pay attention not only to the ratio of the main elements, but also to what chemicals the compound was obtained from. Find out → instructions for using nitrophosphate as fertilizer + reviews. This feature is reflected in the title. For example:
- Sulphurous salt with high sulfur content is more suitable for the cultivation of melons - cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin, melons. Also, it is recommended for tomatoes, eggplants, peppers. Bring in the soil before planting cabbage and peas. In addition to its nutritional function, sulfur serves as a preventive measure against diseases and pests.
- Sulphate nitrophoska contains an increased amount of calcium, which neutralizes the soil, therefore recommended for acidic soils. Also used for flowering ornamental crops, because it has a positive effect on the brightness of the color.
- Phosphoric form need all fruit and berry crops. Since phosphorus is actively involved in the synthesis of starch, sucrose, glucose. With sufficient nutrition, the fruits are large and juicy, have a good “keeping quality”, that is, the maximum period for them can be stored.
Features of application for garden cultures
Experts recommend this ratio of fertilizer for continuous soil optimization:
- 40 g of azofoska on 1 square meter
Work is performed in this order:
- The granules are spread evenly over the whole area.
- Then, mixed with the soil to a depth of 20-25 cm. In small areas with a shovel, on large-scale areas with a cultivator. To achieve the maximum effect, plowing is carried out in two stages. At first they pass in one direction, for example, from south to north, then in perpendicular, from west to east. Thus, optimum soil loosening is achieved.
This method is used in vegetable gardens for spring soil preparation.
The deposition of nitrates in the soil due to improper use azofoski
Everyone knows that vegetables and fruits may contain harmful chemicals. Unfortunately, you can get poisoned by any fruits. The reason lies in the increased content of nitrates. By themselves, these compounds are not dangerous for humans, but in the body they turn into nitrites, which act on the body as a poison:
- Getting into the blood, they violate the formula of hemoglobin at the cellular level.
- As a result, breathing becomes difficult, and various diseases from lack of air develop.
- Less harm is a digestive upset.
Do not think that you can grow fruits without nitrates, they were, are and always will be, even if you completely abandon the use of fertilizers. By the way, they are present not only in mineral compounds, but also in organic dressings.
Nitrates are regular participants in the processes in which nitrogen is involved, without them protein synthesis is impossible. Another question: «How much nitrate gets into the fruit?". It depends on the amount of fertilizer applied.
Some gardeners claim that harmful substances come exclusively from mineral fertilizers. This is not true. If to apply top dressing according to the norms specified in the instruction, the accumulation of harmful substances in the soil does not occur. Nitrate compounds will be exactly as much as the plants need for normal growth and formation of protein tissue. Nitrates are a natural component of all products of plant origin. They will not cause harm if they are ingested in reasonable doses.
Only in case of exceeding the permissible rate of consumption, they become harmful to humans.
Gardeners should be aware that garden and fruit crops keep nitrates differently.
High tendency to accumulate substances differ:
- Cress Salad
- Green onions
- Leaf salad,
- Celery leaf,
- Coriander (Cilantro).
To a lesser extent, nitrates are concentrated in the tissues of such plants:
- Cabbage white and red.
Least of all can accumulate:
- In Brussels sprouts,
- Bulb onions,
- Fruits and berries.
To avoid excess of the harmful substance in the soil, experts recommend alternating mineral fertilizers with organic dressings. For example, if azofosc was used for two years in a row, in the third, it is better to add organic matter. It is best to leave the ground for rest under the green fertilizers - green manure or apply vermicompost.
Serious gardeners mistakes in using azofoski
- To apply fertilizer in a cold season.
Do not use fertilizer in the late autumn before frosts, and in early spring, until stable warm weather is established. Because of the lack of temperature, nitrogen-containing compounds do not dissolve and accumulate in the soil. Because of this, nitrate compounds are concentrated in plants. To avoid this, fertilizing is introduced in the autumn no later than September, or in spring, when the average daily temperature will be +15 degrees, and the soil warms up to + 12 0.
- Conduct foliar feeding in hot weather.
In contact with the leaves, the solution can cause burns under the action of the scorching rays of the sun. Also, it is not necessary to spray the ground part of the plants early in the morning, while the dew has not subsided. The nutrient fluid is not kept on the wet crown and the drops roll off the leaves, like a slide. For the same reason, fertilizing is not carried out on an overcast day with high humidity.
The best time of day to spray fertilizer is at sunset when the heat subsides.
Category: Questions and Answers
Question number 1. Is it possible to use azofosku for indoor plants?
Answer. Of course you can. The soil substrate for home flowers is quickly depleted, and therefore needs constant feeding. NPK 16:16:16 fertilizer, which contains macroelements in equal proportions, is best suited. Top dressing is brought in the form of liquid solution which is prepared from two, three grams of granules on 1 l of water. During the spring-summer period, three nutrient sessions are conducted:
- The first is in early spring before the start of intensive growth,
- Two subsequent with an interval of 1 - 1.5 months.
Do not use azofosku autumn and winter. The exceptions are plants that bloom during the cold season. Such crops require additional heating and lighting up.
Description and composition
Any summer resident nursing his garden in the hope of a lush harvest. But it is not a secret that for a good result it is not enough to confine to hilling up a potato bed. Top dressing of the earth is the first stage on the way to a big harvest.
Agrochemical useful in areas with different types of soil. Подкормка благотворно влияет на продуктивность любой земли, но заметнее всего эффект ожидается на песчаных участках, в то время как чернозем не покажет разительных перемен ввиду своей природной плодородности.
Attention! Azofoska fertilizer is suitable for improving the growth of cultivated and ornamental plants.
There are several manufacturers of this fertilizer, so the percentage of components may differ slightly, but the main composition includes:
- Nitrogen. Building element, key to plant cells. Some manufacturers increase the proportion of nitrogen in the composition from 16 to 26%.
- Phosphorus. Makes from 4 to 20% of a product, accelerates growth of plants.
- Potassium. A large degree of responsibility for the quality of the fruit, strong root system and resistance to disease falls on this component. The supplement is rich in potassium by 18%.
- In addition to the 3 main components, the composition contains sulfur, which provides the process of photosynthesis.
Azofoska fertilizer is produced in granular form. It is convenient and safe to keep the granules, because they are not prone to ignition, do not suffer from moist air. But it is recommended to carefully pack Azofoska in vacuum bags to prevent water from entering.
How to apply Azofosku
The substance begins to work from the roots, so you can apply it at the very beginning, during the period of sowing or planting seedlings. For each soil and plant culture there are nuances of dosage and method of application:
- Annual crops will require a large return on land, so you should not save. A hectare of land will require up to 45 g of fertilizer.
- Tree crops or shrubs require large amounts of fertilizer, about 35 g.
- It is appropriate to use azofoski and to maintain indoor plants. In this case, you will need to prepare a solution with the proportions of 1 l per 2 g of water and Azofoski, respectively. Then you just need to water the plants. Such a concentrate has a beneficial effect on the root system.
Remember that if the choice fell on Azofoska, other mineral fertilizers should not be used.
It is not enough just to “feed” the soil with useful fertilizers, it is important to do it correctly so that the procedure is beneficial and does not harm. Therefore, you should pay attention to some features of the application.
Attention! Azofoska, like any fertilizer, is kept out of the reach of small children or animals.
Fertilizer Azofoska - an indispensable tool in the garden. With a competent integrated approach, even an inexperienced gardener will get a lush crop of crops or grow luxurious decorative crops to the envy of the owners of neighboring sites.
Do you use this fertilizer?