A small pond near the house or a bright aquarium in an apartment will never go out of style. Such things create a special atmosphere and comfort. When fish and shells inhabit the water, this is great, but if you add a couple of interesting flowering plants there, your reservoir will become unusual, special and irresistible. There are many ornamental grasses and flowers for decorating the pond, especially water hyacinth stands out among them. In this article we will talk about his self-planting and further care of such a beautiful plant.
Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is an aquatic plant native to tropical regions of South America. He is also called eichornia excellent. The natural environment for the flower are lakes, rivers (with the absence of a strong current), ponds, swamps and even ditches.
The stalk usually reaches 10-15 centimeters in height and gives about 10-15 flowers. In the natural environment, it can grow up to one meter, and in the aquarium the water hyacinth will naturally be much less. Flowers of large size, reaching a diameter of 20-30 millimeters, the gamma can vary from pale pink to deep lilac. Because of the magical look and pleasant fragrant aroma of inflorescences, eihornia is called beautiful. In a European climate, the plant is likely to please with color in the spring-summer season.
Features of the form
The view is very unusual and has many differences from other plants living in the water. In suitable conditions, hyacinth grows incredibly fast and covers the entire surface of the reservoir with a dense layer, which creates an obstacle to the passage of ships on the river, for hydroelectric power plants, fishing and other crafts.
Features of planting and growing
Eichornia is excellent - it is an incredibly demanding and capricious plant, so it is worth taking a responsible approach to the conditions of its planting and care. Water hyacinth as a decorative species can be grown in a pond or in an aquarium: the specificity of the process depends on the chosen conditions.
When growing eichornia in a pond, the main task will be to create conditions that will be close to its natural environment. It is primarily warm, rich in organic matter and vitamins water. It would be good to add humus, prepared bottom sludge or compost. This culture is able to quickly decompose substances; therefore, it does not frighten various harmful means inherent in the pond. That is why you can not clean the reservoir before landing. If there is an opportunity, then water should be chosen with a weak alkaline reaction, but this is not the main factor. An important condition for growing water hyacinth is the temperature of the water and the environment in general. The fact is that at home culture develops at + 24-30 ° C. The plant loves the sun and requires constant lighting. Planting is worth starting in May and June, so that the hyacinth could settle down and grow to the cold. Moreover, at this time the greatest amount of solar heat and light. Eichornia is excellent and tolerates temperature fluctuations, therefore this indicator should be stable.
The content of eichornia in an aquarium has several features. On the one hand, the temperature is much easier to control, there are a huge number of devices and devices that heat the water in the aquarium, if necessary. On the other hand, there are several difficulties in this type of cultivation. First, the capacity should be far from small, because the plant will develop poorly and may die from lack of space. Secondly, artificial light is needed for hyacinth, and it needs a lot. Experts advise fluorescent lamps with a capacity of 3.2 watts. It will also be good to rearrange the aquarium to the window sill, then your pet will surely bloom in our latitudes.
The reproduction of water hyacinth at home is quite possible and easily doable. Experienced botanists say that this process is very similar to the reproduction of well-known strawberries. The plant has daughter processes. This means that eichornia is able to reproduce vegetatively. A similar procedure occurs at an incredibly high rate - more than 100 new plants may appear within a month. As soon as a few leaves have appeared in the daughter process, it can be safely deposited from the main hyacinth.
When caring for a crop, it is necessary to maintain the desired temperature (from + 24 ° С). In the area of + 10-20 ° C, the plant may not bloom, but it will “live”. For eichornia you need a light day lasting about 14 hours.
In the process of growing at home, water hyacinth also requires frequent pruning. Especially forget about it in the aquarium, otherwise the fish will not get along with this plant.
If a great eichornia breeds too fast, then its bushes need to be constantly made less often so that there is some distance between them. Noticing that the plant has become a bit "inanimate", as soon as possible, provide it with additional light and oxygen.
Water hyacinth is very light and heat-loving, so wintering for him becomes a huge stress. During this period, he needs special care and attention, which consists in the following actions:
- when the temperature drops below + 15 ° C, the plant from the pond must be placed in a container with “native” water and brought into the room,
- provide additional light (minimum 10 hours per day),
- monitor the stable temperature of the water, which should be above + 20 ° С,
- to control the supply of sufficient oxygen
- protect the plant from drafts
- place the hyacinth on the ring float,
- humidify the air in the room
- fertilize the plant, as in the cold time minerals are especially important.
The container with aihorniya should be located at the maximum possible distance from the heating system to avoid drying out. Do not cover the container with the plant or remove it from the water. It is deadly for eichornia.
Follow these rules, and with the onset of a warm pore, the water hyacinth can again be landed in a flowering pond.
Application in landscape design
That’s beautiful and beautiful, to be widely used to create gorgeous landscapes. This reminder of warm America and the tropics is common in landscape design of all countries of the world. Delicate color and cute sheets of hyacinth in the pond will be an excellent addition to the garden. In an aquarium, the plant will turn into a colorful spot, which will be in harmony with colorful fish and shells. The main thing is to constantly monitor this inhabitant of your reservoir and limit it in growth so that the hyacinth will not become too much. Let eichornia excellent become a useful plant and please your eye!
Content in an aquarium
To grow this plant at home, you need a spacious open aquarium. Planting takes place as follows: as a substrate, you can use peat and sand, in which roots are added dropwise and water is poured without covering the tops of the leaves. The plant loves warmth and light. The optimum temperature can vary between 25 and 29 ° C. Eichornia is sensitive to sudden changes in temperature and drafts, so it needs a stable care.
On hot days, water hyacinth can damage aphids, but it is not susceptible to frequent diseases. Adding fertilizer to aquarium plants will help grow large specimens.
Eichornia azure is able to grow under water and on its surface, reaching a height of 60 cm. The upper leaves are rounded, 8 cm long. which is up to 12 colors.
Eichornia is an azure rather capricious in aquarium content, but it looks great and creates a favorable background for exotic fish. For an aquarium, only an underwater view is suitable, so it is necessary to prune the plant more often so that the tip does not reach the surface. In connection with this circumstance, the azure of the azure cannot manifest itself in the aquarium as a flowering plant.
Proper care will ensure quick growth of the plant and prevent its degeneration. Water parameters should be: hardness 2-16 °, temperature 18-30 ° C, pH 4-7 with filtration and weekly replacement of a quarter of the volume of water. For soil suitable mixture of clay and sand.
Eichornia Azure loves bright light, the length of daylight should not be less than 12 hours. Sources of artificial light can serve as a fluorescent lamp 0.7 W / l.
Eichornia raznifistnaya differs from other species by the lack of a surface part. Stems reach up to 50 cm and are able to grow only in the water column of a deep aquarium. The sheet plates are elongated and can be painted a different shade of green.
Eichornia is diverse, unpretentious in care and gets along well in the company of tropical fish. This look will look best on the back wall of the aquarium, which will create the effect of thick undergrowth.
The main condition for the maintenance of this eichornia is clean water, which must be replaced regularly: 1/5 of the volume of water weekly. This will help to avoid sedimentation of the suspension on the leaves of the plant. As the soil used coarse sand with pebbles. The optimal parameters of water: temperature 22-28 ° C, pH 6-7, hardness not more than 6 °.
Eichornia variegated is the only species of this herbaceous plant that can be cared for at home without much difficulty.
Eichornia tolstnozhozhkovaya is the most common type, which is also called eichornia beautiful. The plant has short stems on which rosettes of heart-shaped leaves are located. The roots are thread-like, the petioles are swollen and filled with air, which ensures the swimming of eichornia on the surface of the water. Flowers lilac-pink color, keep one day, after which the peduncle is immersed in water.
This species develops at temperatures above 14 degrees, the optimum is 26-30 ° C, hardness less than 6 °, pH 6 - 6.9. For flowering the temperature of air and water is 30 -33 ° C. Propagated by dividing rhizomes and daughter rosettes, which can be separated when they appear 3-4 leaflets. In the aquarium, it is desirable to have a moist air chamber, thanks to which the plant will be afloat.
If you use eihornia in agriculture, then it will undoubtedly, to a certain extent, help in solving problems with livestock feed and birds. The green mass that you get from your pond will be enough to feed livestock or poultry from your private sewage treatment plant. And most importantly, the reservoir on which the eihornia will grow will be environmentally friendly.