It is best to plant yoshtu in the middle of autumn - at the end of September or early October, so that before the onset of frost the plant sings take root and immediately grows in the spring. It is advisable to prepare the pit in advance so that the earth can stand. The spring planting of a plant should be made as early as possible so that it takes root before the onset of the hot period. The pit is excavated in the fall.
Yoshta berries have not only a wonderful taste and fresh aroma, but also some healing properties.
Many gardeners appreciated the beauty and originality of the hedge. But in order to make her look great at any time of the year, she will have to pay a little attention to her. In the spring, while all living things wake up after a long winter sleep, your hedge will need a haircut. Pruning plants. more
Cold greenhouse for green cuttings prepared in advance (in June). A large, sifted, well-washed sand of 7–10 cm is poured onto a freshly dug clean layer of soil in the greenhouse before planting the cuttings.
Reproduction of woody cuttings
Propagated yoshtu cuttings, layering (horizontal, arcuate, vertical) and division of the bush.
Before planting seedlings carefully inspect. Remove dried branches and dead roots. The tips of the roots update (cut) with a secateur to a healthy place.
Yoshta takes root equally well when landing both in spring and autumn.
Yoshta impresses gardeners not only with ease of reproduction - the shrub surpasses the parental forms in many qualities. The hybrid is more resistant to pests and diseases, easily tolerates significant temperature drops. The plant is undemanding to the place of planting, but the harvest of juicy fruits will be richer if you choose a sunny open area for Yoshta. Perennial berry culture reaches a height of 1.5 meters, and the diameter of the crown even exceeds these figures.
The peel of the yoshta fruit is not as dense and tart as that of the “parents”, but this has no effect on the preservation of the berries. They can remain on the bushes for a long time, they do not appear rot and mold fungi.
Yoshta berries have healing properties due to its unique composition. They are recommended for such pathologies:
- blood disorders,
- Iron-deficiency anemia,
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Open-cut dark green leaves got yoshte from black currants, and the shape and size of the fruit - from gooseberries. Landscape designers have long noticed an elegant tall plant. They use it to decorate garden paths in parks and create thick hedges. In the middle of spring the green of the leaves is hidden under the many bright fragrant flowers. No less decorative plant in the summer, when clusters of fragrant berries ripen.
Breeding berry hybrid
Since yoshta propagates well by vegetative means (grafting, dividing the bushes), sowing seeds is rarely practiced. This method is appropriate if the gardener wants to get new varieties for his collection.
Experts recommend the following types of breeding yoshta.
- The division of the bush. This method is effective, but rather time-consuming. Strongly overgrown shrubs in the spring or autumn dig up and remove unnecessarily long or damaged roots. Then with a sharp garden tool divide the bush into several parts. After the cuts are processed by the garden bar, the plant is permanently resided.
- Autumn cuttings. This is the most common method of breeding yoshta. The lignified annual shoots remaining from the autumn pruning are divided into parts of 12–20 cm in length. There must be four buds on each cutting, only two of which are left above the ground surface when buried.
- Summer cutting. Green cuttings are cut into pieces with a length of 10-12 cm. All leaves, except the top two, are removed and a longitudinal incision is made above each bud. Planted cuttings in greenhouses at a small angle, constantly watering seedlings and loosen the soil.
- Horizontal or arcuate layering. Near an adult plant dig up and moisten a soil. Two-year branch or annual shoots bend to the ground, secured with a bracket and sprinkled with soil. Newly formed shrub separated from the parent plant through the year.
The most common practice is autumnal reproduction of the yoshta. The procedure is carried out at the end of September or the beginning of October, a month before the fall of cold. This time is necessary for seedlings to grow the root system and accumulate nutrients.
Planting berry bushes can be both in autumn and spring. Before planting, check the quality of planting material.
- The height of the seedlings does not matter. The main thing is its root system. It should be powerful, well overgrown. If dry or rotted areas are found, they should be removed, and the seedling should be soaked for a couple of hours in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.
- The less age of planting material, the higher the likelihood of rapid rooting and fruiting.
- The bark covering the trunk and branches of the seedling should not be wrinkled or dry. Under such a woody skin, as a rule, dead scrub parts are hidden.
If planting is carried out in the fall, all leaves must be removed by pinching. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the kidneys, located in the leaf axils. This will help the seedling to accumulate nutrients for a long winter.
5-6 liters of organic fertilizer are poured into the landing pit, they are sprinkled with earth and a small mound is formed on which the roots are carefully placed. The depth and width of the hole depend on the size of the planting material. Roots when planting should not wrinkle and break off. The remaining ground is filled with a landing pit, lightly tamped and watered abundantly. Sharp pruners cut too long and dried branches to build young green shoots.
Berry Shrub Care
The yoshta yield does not depend on the method of reproduction. But the shrub planted in a dark place, fruits worse, and its branches quickly stretched. In such areas it is advisable to place the yoshta, if it is designed to decorate the garden. Growing a hybrid as a berry crop is held in places that are open to the sun for most of the day.
Yoshta prefers moderate watering. The optimal time for water treatments is early morning or late evening after sunset. When watering experienced gardeners are guided by the condition of the soil under the bushes. If it is well dried out at a depth of 10-15 cm, then water can be applied to the soil. Moisture stagnation under the roots should not be allowed, otherwise they will rot and yoshta will die.
During the summer, the soil should be mulched several times with rotted hay or compost. This will help avoid cracking the soil, reduce the number of watering, save the roots and shoots from harmful insects.
Berry culture gratefully responds to the regular introduction of fertilizing:
- in summer, the shrub is fertilized with organic matter (3-4 kg) and superphosphate (25-30 g),
- in the early autumn make 20 g of calcium sulfate,
- during the vegetative period, the plant is fed several times with mineral fertilizer diluted in accordance with the instructions.
Yoshta does not need frequent pruning. It is enough to remove dried twigs and strongly stretched shoots. Garden and garden pests prefer to bypass the shrub side. It is extremely rare for a plant to be attacked by a kidney bud colonies. In this case, experts recommend triple use of any drug with insecticidal action.
What can be more pleasant for the gardener than a rich harvest of juicy berries that begin to ripen in mid-summer. Connoisseurs distinguish tart nutmeg in the taste of fruits. From each bush gardeners collect up to 10 kg of ripe berries. In torn form, they are stored for several days in a dry and shallow container.
Joshta fruits are used to make jam and jams, they are used as a filling for pies and sweet rolls. But not only for the rich in vitamins berries valued plant. Ease of reproduction and undemanding care allow you to decorate and refine the house adjoining plot. This shrub successfully combines a high decorative effect with abundant fruiting.
The division of the bush YoshtaYoshta breeding division bush is very popular among gardeners. This method is used exclusively in the fall, when the need arises in the reproduction of the bush. Do not take long to pull out the roots after extracting the roots.
First you need to carefully dig up the shrub without damaging its rhizome. Next, clean the roots of earthen coma, split them with a sharp knife. When dividing it is necessary to leave two or three strong branches on the tuber. Roots must be large, developed, not damaged.
Plots on sections need to be rubbed with crushed coal, after which they are ready for planting. Take care in advance about the new landing site. Holes for seedlings are dug to a depth of half a meter and about 50 cm in diameter. A third of the pit is filled with a mixture humus, superphosphate and wood ash.
Then half the holes are covered with earth and watered abundantly. After the water is absorbed, we plant the yoshtu in the center of the fossa and bury the hole completely. The name Yoshta comes from two German words: yohannisBeere - currant and stachelBeere - gooseberry, Yo-Sta.
Horizontal and arcuate layersThe difference between these two breeding methods of yoshta is small. First, we analyze how to plant yoshtu horizontal lay. In the spring, as soon as the earth becomes warm, the first thing is to dig up the soil near the plant.
It is advisable to remove all weeds and add compost or other organic fertilizer to the ground. Also, the ground should be carefully leveled around the bush.
After making shallow grooves in front of your chosen shoots. Sprouts should be annual or biennial, with well-growing growths. Gently bending the branch, place it in the groove, fasten and sprinkle lightly with earth. An ordinary slingshot will help to keep the branch on the ground without pain.
When the shoots are reached in growth of about 10-15 cm, they are sprinkled with wet earth or humus until the middle of the sprout. It is best to separate the maternal branch and replant new layers in the spring of next year, despite the fact that after a month the first roots already appear.When breeding bush arcuate method applied a similar way. Only the branch does not fit completely into the ground, forming an arc. The middle part of the branch is buried to a depth of about 15 cm, leaving only the tip outside. Using this method, it is also worth separating a branch and replanting shoots only after a year.
When grown in horizontal and arcuate layers after separation from the parent branch grow much faster. After planting such shoots, it is possible to get a bountiful harvest in the third year.
If you decide to propagate the shrub vertical cut, then you need to start this in early spring. Briefly trim the maternal shrub, leaving the processes no higher than 15 cm. With careful care and watering you will receive abundant growth and many young shoots as soon as possible. Regular watering and application of organic supplements will help you with this.The first time spud shoots need to be when they grow to about 15 cm. The bush should be spud in the center with wet earth or compost. To prevent the branches from coming together, the earthen embankment should be dense. After three weeks, repeat the procedure. Hilling is best done after rain.
When you spud the yoshta a second time, water the ground abundantly. Layers are cut for planting only next year in early spring or autumn.
For reproduction of yoshta with lignified cuttings, it is recommended to choose mature shoots of two to three year old branches. It is best to engage in harvesting at the end of September, because the cuttings planted during this period have time to root well and will easily endure the winter period. On the day of cutting, the yoshta shoots should be divided into cuttings up to 20 cm long, leaving 5-6 buds on each. The upper part of the shoot do oblique kidney.
Planting cuttings should be carried out on the day of harvesting. The soil for yoshta should be deeply dug up, cleared of weeds, and most importantly, well leveled. Planted cuttings at a distance of 15 cm from each other. The distance between the beds should be at least 60 cm.
Cuttings are planted at an angle of 45 degrees. And on the surface should remain two buds, and one - at ground level. The soil around the seedlings tightly pressed to avoid the formation of voids. After that, the beds should be plentifully watered and sprinkled with peat.
Reproduction by green cuttings is considered one of the fastest ways to get yoshta seedlings. For harvesting choose tall, healthy bushes. With overgrown mother plants, cuttings can be cut several times over the summer. For the first time in early June from the upper branches, the second - after regrowth and better from the side branches, the third time - in early September.The length of the cut cuttings should be no more than 15 cm. After you have cut the cuttings, you need to free them from the leaves, leaving a couple on top. Before planting in prepared greenhouses, cuttings can be sustained in any growth stimulator.
Preparing a greenhouse is not so difficult. Pour fresh ground into a wooden container and a layer of clean, coarse sand above. After planting in greenhouses cover with foil. The main care for them is regular watering. After rooting the cuttings, the film can be removed and soon transplanted to grow.