General information

Gentian - the benefits and harm


This medicinal plant can be found in the alpine and subalpine regions of Europe. Gentian can be used simply as a garden ornamental plant, but it requires special care. In addition, this plant brings a lot of health benefits. As a rule, for medicinal purposes they use the root of a plant, but in some cases other parts are suitable for this purpose. The use of gentian for medicinal purposes can get rid of a number of diseases.

Indications for use of products based on gentian

Gentian as a medicinal plant is used for such problems as

  • loss of appetite,
  • stomach pain,
  • bowel problems.

Folk healers advise gentian for the treatment of various diseases of the stomach, liver and gall bladder, as well as for rheumatism and gout. Since ancient times, this plant is preparing drugs to get rid of stomach problems. If there is severe severity in the stomach, the use of gentian will be very effective in this case. In the pharmacy, you can purchase drugs from gentian in the form of tablets and capsules. It is recommended to take pills 1-4 before meals 2 times a day. You can also purchase a product in the form of an alcoholic tincture, which must be taken 2 times a day after lunch and dinner in the amount of 30 drops diluted with water. In addition, on sale you can find medical wine based on gentian, as well as a syrup or solution, which take 60 ml before a meal. There are infusions, decoctions and powder of gentian.

Types of gentian

To date, scientists distinguish more than 90 species of gentian, which are used not only as a means of traditional medicine, but also as an ornamental plant in flower gardens and gardens. For medicinal purposes, yellow gentian is most often used, but sometimes blue or ordinary can be found in folk recipes. In addition, as a raw material used large-leaved gentian, cold, bearded, rough and other types of plants.

The smallest benefits in terms of medicinal properties are provided by cross-leaved and candy gentian.

Treatment of disorders of the digestive system

If you often suffer from various digestive disorders, then gentian will be a real find for you. This plant is capable of treating digestive problems such as gas, flatulence, loss of appetite, diarrhea, gastritis, heartburn, and vomiting.

In addition to digestive disorders means with gentian remarkably cope with fever, hysteria and high blood pressure.

Treats antritis

If all of the above benefits of this miraculous plant are not enough, here is another one. Agents on the basis of gentian are very effective in the treatment of sinusitis. But to achieve the desired effect, the plant must be combined with sorrel, primrose, elderberry flowers and vervain. This combination of herbs has passed a number of scientific studies, the results of which showed high efficiency of the recipe. Therefore, this composition can be safely used to treat this disease.

Promotes healthy skin and gives it shine

Naturally, one cannot trace the direct connection between the use of gentian and the beauty of the skin. But if we trace the indirect connection, then the positive effect of the plant on the skin will become obvious.

For example, you suffer from loss of appetite. Due to inadequate nutrition, the body does not receive all the necessary nutrients in sufficient quantities. This deficiency will be most noticeable on the skin. It will be lethargic and dull. When eating gentian appetite will improve, which means that all the organs and systems in the body will receive nutrients in sufficient quantities. The skin will immediately thank you for it with its blooming and healthy appearance. Thus, we obtained an indirect connection between the beauty and health of the skin and the use of gentian.

Makes hair healthier and gives them volume

Lack of appetite means poor nutrition, so that the body does not receive the necessary nutrients. This deficiency leads to the fact that the hair becomes dull and lifeless, begin to fall out. If you want your hair to be strong and beautiful, then you need to adjust your diet. Provided all the necessary substances enter the body, the hair will become stronger, shiny and voluminous. Of course, besides nutrition, hair requires constant care.

Helps hair get essential nutrients

If parasites are present in the body, they eat up almost all the useful nutrients that come from food. As a result, not only important organs suffer from a lack of nutrition, but also hair. Using gentian to get rid of parasites will lead to the fact that your hair will begin to receive all the substances necessary for their health. You will be surprised how easily parasites infest in the human body. This can happen when you do not wash your fruits or vegetables well enough before eating, or forget to wash your hands. Have you ever had this? As a result of banal negligence, parasites penetrate and settle in the body for a long time, feeding and breeding.

Despite many advantages, the use of gentian can cause harm to health, therefore, before starting treatment, you should consult with a specialist. He will determine whether you can take these funds.

Recipes for gentian

In folk medicine, there are the following recipes for the use of gentian.

  1. To prepare the powder, the plant root is dried and crushed. This tool is used as a powder for purulent wounds. For these purposes, crushed chamomile flowers can be added to the powder. Inside it is recommended to take a small pinch powder three times a day. If you use it before a meal, it will help improve appetite and activates the process of digestion.
  2. A decoction of gentian is used in folk medicine for sweating feet and for neglected cases of purulent wounds, as well as to improve the appetite. To make a decoction, you need to boil dried chopped roots in the amount of 1 tablespoon in a glass of boiling water for 3 minutes. Take a decoction during the day before each meal, 15 ml. To cure gout, take half a cup 4 times a day. To combat sweating of the extremities, the agent is added to the bath.
  3. To prepare the infusion, you need to take a tablespoon of crushed dry roots of gentian, pour 500 ml of boiled water. Leave overnight. Then the infusion is filtered, and then they drink 125 ml before meals. Infusion helps with biliary dyskinesia. Infusion can be prepared in another way. The same amount of raw material is poured boiling water in the amount of 300 ml, and insist for several hours. The tool should be drunk before eating 30 ml.
  4. For the preparation of alcohol tincture, 100 g of crushed gentian roots pour 1 liter of alcohol. Need to insist during the week in a dark place. Take the tincture of 35 drops 3 times a day, dissolved in water. If you prepare the tincture on wine, then you need to insist for two weeks longer. Acceptance of this tool will help with heartburn and increase appetite.

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Gentian - medicinal properties and medical applications

Gentian Gentian from the family Gentian presents perennial and annual grasses and shrubs with short stems and single or few flowers - blue, blue, less often - yellow or white. Flowering gentian species occur at different times. The fruit of this plant is a box with small seeds. Large, cultural types of gentian (over 90) are used to decorate flower gardens and gardens, and many species are used in traditional medicine.

Gentian - types and places of growth

The gentian Gentian is represented by more than 500 species growing all over the globe, but most of all in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, especially in alpine and subalpine meadows. For medical purposes, yellow gentian is most often used. However, its high-grade substitute is considered to be a gentian dot. Also in folk medicine, common gentian, or blue gentian (blue St. John's wort) is widely used. Other species used as medicinal raw materials are otdelnoshchechechkovaya gentian, bearded gentian, large-leaved gentian, cold gentian, rough gentian. From the medical point of view, the most expensive are the glossy gentian and the cross-leaved gentian.

Gentian - Dosage Forms

The roots of the plant are used as a medicinal raw material. Under natural conditions, they are dug out in the spring or autumn not earlier than the age of four, on the plantations - the fifth or sixth year of life. After clearing the roots from the ground, they are cut off from the stems and, quickly washed in cold water, cut into pieces having a length of up to 15 cm, then dried for a short time. If dried gentian roots for a long time, they lose their healing properties. Store the finished raw materials should be in cool dry rooms no more than 5 years.

Gentian - Recipes

To improve the appetite take a decoction of the roots of gentian, for the preparation of which 1 tbsp. l dry raw, pour 250 ml of water, boil for about 10 minutes. Take 20 grams. before eating. For the treatment of gout, rheumatism and arthritis, a decoction is prepared, for preparation of which 3 tsp. 700 ml of water is poured into dry raw materials and boiled for about 15 minutes, then, after 2 hours, take half a cup before meals. Cooking a decoction for the future is not recommended, as it is poorly stored.

For the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, malaria, lack of appetite, sluggish digestion, persistent heartburn, constipation and other gastric diseases, tincture is used, for the preparation of which 50 grams. herbs for a week insist in 500 ml of vodka. Take tincture of 30 drops, divorced in 6 tbsp. spoons of water.

For the treatment of sweating feet prepare a decoction for foot baths, boiling 5 tbsp. l mixtures of gentian root (1 part) and oak bark (3 parts). Make such baths need every day before bedtime.

Gentian powder, mixed with powder of chamomile flowers, sprinkled purulent wounds.

Gentian - contraindications

It is believed that without the fear of the occurrence of side effects, it is possible to take gentian drops (tincture) in the amount of 35 drops. However, people who suffer from high blood pressure, have a stomach ulcer and intestines, and pregnant women should not take gentian.

In some people, bitterness can provoke an allergic reaction in the form of a headache, so they are not recommended to take medicinal plants with a bitter taste, including preparations of gentian.

Gentian - medicinal properties and contraindications

Gentian is a genus of perennial, much less often - annual grasses or shrubs, whose height is from 20 to 150 cm. The plant belongs to the family of gentian, in which there are about 400 species. Gentian leaves opposite and whole. The root is thick, short, with thin cord-like roots. Stems are usually short, straight. Flowers solitary or small. Corolla funnel or bell-shaped, in rare cases, it straightens the leaves, forming a plate shape. Gentian fruit - bivalve capsule, growing from a single nesting ovary. In most cases, the color of gentian is blue, blue (various shades) and purple. There are species with yellow and white flowers. Flowering time depends on the type of gentian, because certain types bloom in spring, the rest - in summer or autumn.

Gentian - useful properties

Most species of gentian has healing properties, knowing about which traditional healers use them in their medical practice. Elevated part and roots of gentian contain a number of biologically active substances that have a positive effect on the body in various diseases. The pharmacological properties of the plant are determined by the presence of bitter substances - glycosides, which have a positive effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract and stimulate the appetite. Glycosides also have a spasmolytic effect.

Gentipicrin, amarogenthin, as well as several more bitter glycosides: amarosverin, amaropanin, svertsiamarin. An alkaloid called gentianin was found in the root of the plant, the list of useful substances was supplemented with other alkaloids derived from pyridine: gencialyutin, gentiananidin, genciopunctin, genocyoflavin. Gentianin contributes to the suppression of cough, cramps, lowering the temperature, and also has a sedative and anti-inflammatory effect. In addition to these substances, aromatic compounds, tannins and resinous substances, pectins, ascorbic acid, and inulin are found in the roots of a gentian (for example, yellow gentian). Fatty oil and sugars (gentianose trisaccharide and sucrose disaccharide) are also found in the roots. In many species of gentian, in their root part, 13 phenol carboxylic acids are found. The most frequent for this species are o-hydroxyphenylacetic, pyrocatechic, m-hydroxybenzoic and homoprotectic, ferulic acids, due to which the evacuation function of the stomach is enhanced.