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Like all palm trees, dates often suffer from a wide variety of diseases and pests. To prevent them, it is important to know what causes this or that disease. This will help protect the plant from the enemy and take action in time if it is still “snuck” into the territory of the date.
Leaves at the date palm turn yellow due to insufficient watering, hard water, as well as due to poor soil. Do not forget to fertilize the land and use defused water for irrigation.
The leaves turn white due to too intense light. In addition, pallor can cause a red spider mite.
Brown tips on the leaves appear when the room is very dry air. This may also be due to a lack of moisture in the soil or the effects of cold. If you are growing a date on the windowsill, do not allow it to come into contact with the cold glass of the window in winter.
Brown spots on leaves result from an excess of moisture in the soil or due to a sharp decrease in air temperature. Too hard water can also contribute to their appearance.
Lower leaves turn brown usually by age. They can become very dark and die off. It's not scary - just cut them with a sharp knife.
If a date leaves have lost color, began to dry and fall off, or brown plaques appeared on them - It means that the plant was struck by a scythe. Rubbing the leaves with a soapy sponge helps fight this pest. After this date, it is necessary to spray actellic solution (1-2 ml / l of water).
If you notice on the stems of date spider webs, and the leaves themselves became sluggish and began to fall off - you need to fight spider mites. Wipe the dates with the help of a sponge and wash the plant with warm water under the shower. Do not forget to regularly spray palm. In case of very severe damage, spray 0.15% actellic solution.
If a leavesbefore dry and fall off, bendthen the mealybugs attacked the date. Again, wipe it with a soapy sponge and wash it under the jets of a warm shower. Spray regularly, you can also use actellic solution.
The soft stem of a date, the unpleasant smell of rot and brown leaves emanating from it indicate an excessive amount of moisture in the soil. Stop watering and remove the palm tree from the pot. It is necessary to carefully examine the roots. If they all became dark and watery, the plant died. If live roots remain, then cut off all the dead around them and sprinkle the cut sections with crushed coal or cinnamon. To dry the soil, leave the date in a well-ventilated place, and then transplant in a new soil.
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Effective control of date palm pests
In case of violation of the optimal conditions of the content, the date palm may be attacked by pests. Most often, it is affected by spider mites, mealybugs and scale insects. Nematodes and thrips can also settle on a palm tree.
In order to prevent attacks of parasites, the plant should be sprayed more often, remove the dead leaves and conduct its regular inspection. It is necessary to avoid care mistakes or correct them in a timely manner. Date pest damage to the date palm is one of the reasons why a palm tree dries at home.
MealybugA mealybug is capable of causing enormous damage to a plant by sucking juices and nutrients from it.
As a result, the palm tree is depleted, stops in growth and development. When infected with this pest, the plant is covered with white bloom.
Nematodes are transparent worms that live in the soil and damage the root system, leaves, and plant stems. There is no point fighting this pest. - It is better to remove the palm tree with the pot, until the infection of the adjacent flowers has occurred.
In order to prevent the soil in which the palm is planted, it is necessary to sterilize before planting in the microwave (3 minutes) or in the oven (20 minutes).
Favorable conditions for the reproduction of spider mites in the apartment are dry air and high temperatures. First, the tick settles on the leaves, feeding on their juices, then moves to the tops. After his bites on the plant remain gray, yellow, brown spots. Affected leaves and stem crack, and then die. With a strong lesion, the plant is covered with cobwebs. If time does not take measures to get rid of the tick, the palm tree may die.
Thrips can be found on the lower sides of palm leaves, along the veins - brown spots are formed in the places of their vital activity. The upper part of the leaf is covered with white spots. With a strong infection, the leaves turn yellow, dry out and fall off. In the future, the entire palm tree may shrivel.The shield collects cell sap from the stem, leaves, palm fruit.
In the places of their penetration into the tissues, yellow and brown spots are formed.
The affected parts of the plant turn yellow, dry out and die.
Pests of indoor palms - a shield, a spider mite, thrips - are fought by the same methods as when infecting all the apartment plants: mechanical, biological and chemical.
With a slight lesion of insects collected by hand, scutes scrape from the trunk with a brush. Effective remedy is repeated washing of leaves with a solution of household (1 teaspoon per 1 l of water) or liquid soap (15 g per 1 l of water), sprinkling with garlic extract. In case of severe injury, insecticides are used: "Aktellik", "Fitoverm", "Intavir", "Phosphamid", "Fufanon", etc.
From the gentle methods of saving the home palm, we can recommend the treatment of the plant with such means:
- infusion of garlic: 170 g of garlic insist for five days in 1 liter of water in a dark place in a tightly closed vessel. For spraying use 6 g of infusion diluted with 1 l of water,
- dandelion infusion: 20-30 g of crushed roots insist in 1 liter of water for two hours.
Troubleshooting problems when growing date palm trees
Changes in the appearance of the plant may indicate both the presence of pests and improper care for them.
When growing a date palm, you must adhere to several rules:
- the plant should be in a spacious room with good ambient lighting,
- too long exposure to direct sunlight is undesirable
- optimum temperatures for content: in the summer - any, in the winter - 12-18 ° C,
- having watered regular, balanced - soft settled water,
- optimum humidity of air - 50-70%,
- in the hot season requires spraying (in the morning and in the evening), a shower - once a week,
- fertilize fertilizers once in two weeks from April to August, apply foliar top dressings every month,
- every two weeks, rotate around the axis by 180 °.
The leaves turn yellow
The date palm turns yellow if it is watered with hard water, it suffers from a lack of moisture or nutrients.To eliminate this trouble, it is necessary to carry out watering only with separated soft water with a temperature of 20 degrees.
In the summer, regular watering is carried out without waiting for the earthen clod to dry. During the winter period allow easy drying.
Feed the date palm in accordance with the recommendations. The last dressing should be carried out no later than August. For fertilizing use complex fertilizers or fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.
Brown spots on leaves
In the formation of brown plaques on the leaves it is also necessary to conduct a thorough inspection of the plant - parasites can live on it. At the same time in the future, the leaves can curl, dry and fall off.The presence of brown spots may indicate an excess of moisture, irrigation with hard water and a sharp decrease in temperature.
Round light spots with brown edging - sunburn.
Causes of stains need to be installed and eliminated, remove damaged leaves.
Brown tips on the leaves
The brown tips of the leaves of the palm tree signal to you that you don't water enough. Such a sign can also be an indication that the plant is in a draft, is under the influence of a sharp temperature drop or in a room where it is too dry.
On the lack of watering also say drooping leaves.
In the presence of such symptoms, it is necessary to establish the correct mode of irrigation of the date palm, to spray it. And also to move the plant to another place, if it stands in a draft, or the temperature regime in the room is unfavorable to it.
Palm leaves dry
Drying of palm leaves can occur for several reasons:
- insufficient watering
- moisture stagnation
- excess fertilizer.
Eliminate these causes, adjust the correct mode of feeding, and the plant will return the former decoration. With the stagnation of moisture, it is desirable to transplant the palm tree into another container.
Soft stem of a date and unpleasant smell of rot
A change in leaf color to brown, a softening of the palm stem and an unpleasant odor may indicate excessive soil moisture. If you notice such signs, watering must stop for a while until the soil dries.
To increase the vain, it is better to check the root system of the plant. To do this, it will need to be removed from the pot. With the darkening, softening and wateriness of the roots of the palm will have to get rid of - it will not help. If there are good roots, then the dead ones are removed, and the cut points are sprinkled with crushed coal. The plant is transplanted to another pot.
Date palm is not growing
A stunted growth is possible with a nitrogen deficiency. Another symptom of this problem is the lightening of the palm.
A palm can also stop developing when it is kept in low temperatures - at 16-17 degrees its root system slows down its activity.
Among the diseases that occur in palm trees at home, also viral and fungal, such as penicillus, root rot, rot of stems, leaf spot.
When growing a date palm in room conditions, always follow the recommendations for growing it - regularly and moderately water, do not allow a decrease or a strong increase in temperature, feed it properly, spray it. All these procedures will allow you to grow a healthy and beautiful tree.
Fungal and viral diseases
In date palm diseases guilty various pathogens:
Among the fungal diseases most common gray spot. Symptoms of the disease are gray spots on the leaves, more on the old. As the disease progresses, black blotches appear - these are fungal spores.
For treatment all infected parts must be removed before the disease has affected the entire plant. Next, the palm tree is treated with fungicides - special antifungal drugs. The same tools are applicable for another, equally common fungal disease - pink rot.
Bacteria lead to putrefactive processes. They are characterized by the softness of the stem and leaves, which also discolor and fall off. The appearance of bacteria is facilitated by increased soil moisture and content in a cold room.
If a mosaic-type image appears on the leaflets, it signals a virus infection. Most often a plant infect insectswhich must be destroyed on time indoors. They may be:
And other insects that can enter the room. For protection, mosquito nets should be installed on the windows.
Causes of loss of decorative appearance
Moisture-laden soil can lead to leaflets. brown spots. The same result results and watering with cold water.
Trunk softening, in conjunction with the putrid odor, also signals an excess of moisture that threatens the life of the plant.
To check you need to remove it from the pot and inspect. If dead roots are found, they must be separated from living roots and thoroughly cleaned. Transplant in another pot and in a drier soil.
Date palm leaves dry, what to do? If watering is insufficient, the leaves begin wither and turn yellow. It may also be associated with poor quality water - too hard or with a low content of essential trace elements.
Brown coloring of the tips of the leaves - The result of insufficient air humidity. The same symptom is characteristic and with hypothermia.
Diseases and pests
Red spider mite is one of the main enemies of not only date palm, but also of many other indoor plants.
The size of the insect is just half a millimeter. It is bred in rooms with extremely low humidity and high temperature. Plant first in the stem, gradually spreading to the leaves.
Symptoms - gray or yellow spots and cracks. If you do not take action, the green pet will die, completely covered with cobwebs. Particular attention should be paid in the spring, this is the time of the most likely infection.
Mealybug паразитирует на листьях и молодых побегах, из которых высасывает сок. As a result of infection, the plant slows down the development and almost stops growing. The main symptom is a solid, web-like white bloom.
Thrips parasite on the leaves, especially in their lower parts, laying eggs inside them. Damaged leaves become gray-brown in color, and whiten in the upper part. Thrips can kill the plant: first, the leaves turn yellow and fall, and then the entire palm tree dries.
Shchitovka It also feeds on plant sap and spreads very quickly. Insects gradually cover the entire palm tree, its surface becomes similar to the smallest scales. As a result of loss of juice, the foliage fades and turns yellow, shoots can dry out.
Usual spider mite parasitizes more than 200 species of cultivated plants, including the date palm. The insect damages the leaf epidermis and feeds on the sap of the plant, as well as the grains of chlorophyll. The sheet plate gradually darkens and dries out. In the absence of treatment and insufficient watering, the plant dies.
Diseases of the date palm: photos show how your plant may suffer from improper care or pests.
Ways to combat parasites
To save the green pet from the attack of parasites, there are several methods. As a primary treatment, you can lather a sponge and remove insects. However, this procedure is not able to completely defeat the infection, so radical measures are taken. The following preparations are used for spraying.:
The proportion of the solution of chemicals - 2 g per 1 liter. water. Spraying should be carried out once a week.
For health and freshness
How to rejuvenate a date palm? The renewal of the date palm consists in the constant renewal of the leaves that appear from above and die from below. Must be removed withering or dried lower branches.
Upper branches can not be cut! This can lead to the death of the plant. The drying of the upper branch is an unnatural process and signals a disease.
To make the plant fresh leaves daily spray. Once a week you can produce abundant watering of the aerial parts of the plant, while covering the ground with a film. Not bad to wipe the leaves with a damp sponge, it will give the plant freshness and will serve as an additional prevention from parasites.
The most common diseases and causes of dry leaves on the date palm
Date palm is a very common plant that can often be found in schools, kindergartens, offices and apartments. Palm can reach large sizes if properly cared for. However, many growers are most often faced with the problem of how a date palm dries. In most cases this happens due to improper care.
How to grow a palm tree?
This tall plant is quite unpretentious in the care, although some subtleties still exist. Phenicum responds well enough bright light and moisture.
In order for the date palm to grow fairly branchy, it is necessary to place the reservoir with the tree in a well-lit place.
In hot weather, the pot is recommended to take out on the street (on the balcony or garden), but at the same time protect the plant from direct sunlight.
Young palm tree, which is 2 years old, needs to be replanted annually. When a plant is already adult about 5 years transplant less often, once 2 three years. Phenicia loves moisture, but do not overdo it too much, because excessive wetting of the earth in many cases leads to the death of the plant.
Date palm in need of feeding. Professionals recommend fertilizing a tall plant with mineral or organic supplements constantly every 7 days. The plant must be constantly sprayed twice in 24 hours, sometimes a cool shower can be arranged for the plant.
If the plant's appearance is rather bad, the leaves start to curl, which can occur for some reason, such as:
- Lack of moisture
- Heavily dried air
- Not enough in nutrients.
In addition, improper care leaves can dry the palm with the appearance of pests. If the plant is attacked by parasites, in order to start fighting them, it is necessary to first determine the appearance of the insects. The following pests repeatedly appear on the date palm:
This parasite sucks the sap from the tree. You can notice it on the brown spots on the sheet. Subsequently, the leaves become yellow, then dry and peel off.
Red spider mite
If there was a violation of temperature and moisture, then in this case, start a red spider mite. This pest is very difficult to remove. At first, it infects the stem, and then the leaves. The parasite leaves peculiar yellow and gray plaques.
If brown spots are found on the inner side of the leaf, and dull on the outer side, it means that the plant is affected by thrips. These are small pests that lay eggs on the leaves.
Common Spider Mite
In heavily over-dried air, as a rule, a common spider mite can be expected. When it hits a plant, a spider web forms on the leaves.
This pest is very dangerous, it infects the branch and crown. That subsequently the palm tree dries extremely quickly.
If there are uninvited guests on your plant, then no need to panic. Such difficulties are completely solvable.
How to eliminate pests?
To eliminate parasites use the following methods:
- Take a soapy sponge and rub leaves.
- The tree is sprayed with special preparations such as feverfew, aktellik, fitoverm (use 1 liter of water per 2 grams of solution). Spraying preferably carried out with an interval of approximately 6 days.
- You can also use medical alcohol (cloth moistened in alcohol and wipe the spoiled place).
In time to notice the appearance of insects, and to prevent the death of a tree, it is required from time to time to inspect the entire palm tree completely.
Dates of illness
Alas, the palm tree can dry and the leaves curl not only from parasites or improper care, diseases can also appear. In order to detect diseases in advance. And before you start fighting diseases, you need to determine the true cause and what are their first symptoms:
- Brown spots on the leaves appear due to excessive moisture in the ground, if you use cold water when watering. Foliage pales in very bright light. What to do? Move the plant pot to a more darkened place and after a while the leaves will regain their former state.
- Due to very dry air, the tips of the leaves become brown in color. True, this can be observed from ordinary hypothermia.
- Diseases can occur due to a deficiency in dressing, improper watering, hard water. If you smell the rot, then this means that the plant was poured. Under such circumstances, it is necessary to remove the palm tree from the container and carefully examine the root system. Healthy roots should be left, and damaged removed, and after the cut-off place to handle activated charcoal. It would be more correct to transplant a date in a new pot.
- If the date palm looks unimportant and the leaves curl, this happens because of an insufficient amount of useful components, a strong dried soil. If watering is carried out correctly, and fertilizers are applied constantly, then it is waterlogging of the roots. The reason for this - the land is not crumbly. Under these conditions, get a date from the pot, clean the roots well and transplant into another large container, just do not forget about the drainage, which is laid out in a small layer on the bottom of the tank.
In order to prevent diseases, it is necessary to observe a certain temperature, not to overcool the plant, to avoid excessive overheating. If you properly care for date palm: wipe leaves from dirt and dust, regularly bathe the plant, then it will comfort you with its beautiful appearance.
Problems in the cultivation of date palms: diseases and pests
Despite the fact that among the entire palm family, the date palm is the most resistant to diseases and pests, they do not bypass it.
The stone is pushed vertically into the ground so that the earth covers it by 1 cm. The ideal temperature for germination is 25-30 ° C. Usually shoots appear in 2-3 months, but at first the tree grows very modestly. And only in 5-7 years a wonderful representative of the palm family will fully decorate your room.
Why do palm leaves dry?
Many growers are wondering. “Why do palm leaves dry?” Let's try to figure it out.
In short, the drying out of the tips of the leaves of the palm trees most often comes from too dry air and insufficient watering. And they die completely, if very old, from rotting roots during overflows or from damage by various pests and pathogens.
Palm tree in a pot. © Alejandro Bayer Tamayo
Much depends on the light and temperature conditions in which your plants are located, how you take care of them, because some fan palms need a cool winter.
- Palm trees of warm rooms - Areca, Coconut, Cariot, Hamedorea, Akantofeniks, Robelini phoenix - require high room temperature and humidity.
- Palms of temperate premises - Hovei (Belmor, Forster), Coconut Bonneti, Geonome, Klinostigma, Rapalotilis, Rapis, Sabal, etc.
- Cool palm trees - hamerops, brahea, washingtonia, trachycarpus, etc.
Under room conditions, palm trees need regular spraying, proper watering, in which the earthen room should be moistened evenly, which is determined by tapping the pot with clicks upwards.
A dull sound appears if the soil is wet, harsh when it is dry. After watering, water should be poured into the pan, which will be absorbed into the ground within an hour. It should be drained or choose a clean cloth.
Water should be defended with water after the soil dries from the top in a pot.
Palm Raveney brook, or majestic (Ravenea rivularis). © wkfplants
Palm trees of tropical origin require the maintenance in winter of moderately warm or warm rooms. Palm trees, the birthplace of which is subtropic, it is better to maintain in winter in cool rooms.
All palm trees do not tolerate drafts, especially you need to beware of cold air when airing a room in winter through a window. Palm roots are very sensitive to cold, so pots with palm trees are not placed on cold windowsill or marble floor slabs.
Plants need regular (twice a month in the summer and once in the winter) feeding with special liquid fertilizer for palm trees. Look at the bottom of the pot of your palm trees: have their roots come out and are the roots pushing the soil out of the pot from the top? Then they need to be transplanted to larger vases with fresh soil mixture recommended especially for palm trees.
Yellowed leaf tips should be cut off. However, this should be done without affecting the living green tissue of the leaf and leaving a thin strip of dry tissue, otherwise drying will continue even faster and the leaf can be lost. Remove only completely dry leaves, otherwise others will begin to dry.
Palma Licuala great (Licuala grandis). © wkfplants Palma Hamedoreya Graceful (Chamaedorea elegans). © wkfplantsDypsis yellowish (Dypsis lutescens)
On a frosty day, do not open the windows wide in a room with plants. Also note that in most cases the frosty air is dry. Therefore, airing does not increase the humidity in the room. It is best to air more often, but little by little.
Board: At a temperature of about 0 ° C, it is enough to open the windows for 10 minutes every 2-3 hours.
Optimum temperatures: in the living room 20 ° C, in the kitchen and in the bedroom 16-18 ° C.
Board: If possible, adjust the temperature in the house not by ventilation, but by using a thermostat.
Natural evaporation of moisture
Hang wet towels on radiators or place bowls and other open containers filled with water next to them. Tropical aquatic plants in miniature vases and bowls will additionally moisten the air.
Board: Wash glass vases frequently so that no algae appear on their walls.
The indoor fountain is more than just a decorative piece of furniture. The sound of gently splashing water soothes the nervous system and relieves stress. At the same time, moving, slowly evaporating water has a positive effect on the state of the air. The smallest particles of dust are moistened, become heavier and gradually sink to the floor.
Board: Fountains with tanks for planting are available for sale. Essential oil can be added to the fountain water.
Make a pleasant plants in need of high humidity, for example arrowroot: put it on a constantly moist clay or small pebbles. Evaporating moisture will rise directly to the leaves.
Board: In a planter, place the water level indicator, then the roots will not suffer from moisture, and the above-ground part of the plant - from dryness.
Tsiperus among indoor plants out of competition: depending on the size, it releases into the air from 500 ml to 2 liters of moisture per day. For such records, place a bowl filled with water next to it and sprinkle its leaves daily.
BoardA: Better yet, put a few plants nearby.
Gentle, like velvet, light green leaves of room sticky, or sparmannia, which, under suitable conditions, grows to the ceiling, evaporate moisture all year round. Spray the top and bottom sparse water every day. In winter, water very moderately, after making sure that the plant needs watering.
Board: Be careful if you are allergic. In this case, try not to touch the leaves of sparmannia.
In a heated room, spray the leaves of green plants every morning. It does not take much time, but brings wonderful results. A gentle shower refreshes the plants, allowing their cells to work in full force, and in addition increases the humidity of the air in the room.
Board: For spraying, boil water in a large saucepan and defend it in large plastic bottles.
The hygrometer installed in each room of the house will allow you to know exactly how wet or dry the air is there. Digital thermohygrometers also show air temperature and time.
Board: It is very easy to check the degree of humidity with a pine cone. When the air is too dry, its scales open; when it is too wet, it closes.
Planting and care of date palm (in short)
- Bloom: ornamental leafy plant.
- Lighting: bright sunshine.
- Temperature: usual for living quarters, but in winter cooler conditions are needed - within 12-18 C.
- Watering: regular, moderate.
- Air humidity: In the hot season it is recommended to spray the leaves with water and wipe them with a damp sponge, and arrange a shower once a week. In winter, the plant should be kept as far as possible from the heaters.
- Top dressing: in the spring and summer, fertilizers are applied every week for palm trees or for leafy ornamental plants; in winter, one top-dressing is enough.
- Rest period: not expressed at home, but it is advisable to give the plant 1-1.5 months of rest in the winter.
- Transfer: up to five years, the plant is transplanted annually, then as the need arises and as little as possible.
- Breeding: seeds (seeds).
- Pests: spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs.
- Diseases: pink rot, leaf spots, root rot.
Home Date Palm - Growing Conditions
In nature, the date palm plant is a tree or squat shrub with feathery leaves - the main decorative advantage of the plant. The date palm at home can grow only up to two meters, and even in this case, the houseplant date palm requires considerable space, so an adult plant is placed in rooms where there is almost no furniture. But if a date palm is grown from a stone, at home you can always find a place for a small pot, because such a tree will grow for a very long time, and there, you see, living conditions will change for the better, and there will be enough space in the apartment for a date palm. In the end, an adult large plant can be put in the office. Date palm blooms with panicles of yellow flowers. But do not expect to eat dates from your palm: the tree begins to blossom, and, consequently, it begins to bear fruit only when it reaches a height of fifteen meters, which is impossible at home.
How to grow a date palm out of a bone.
Before you plant a date palm, you need to prepare for planting and date stones themselves, which are better to plant several for reliability, and prepare the ground for planting. The bones are suitable from fresh, candied or dried dates - the main thing is that the fruits are not subjected to heat treatment. In order for the bones to sprout faster, it is better to slightly break their shell by rubbing with emery paper, and in order to get the soil necessary for sprouting the bone, it is necessary to mix raw sawdust, sand and peat in equal parts. Косточки помещают в грунт вертикально и присыпают сверху слоем такого же субстрата толщиной в 1 см, затем горшок или контейнер помещают в теплое место, где температура выше 20 ºC, а еще лучше – 25-30 ºC, и содержат, наблюдая за тем, чтобы грунт все время был теплым, влажным, но не мокрым. Для этого лучше всего держать его вблизи источников тепла, уложив на поверхность субстрата мох-сфагнум.Do not expect quick results: the seed can sit in the ground and swell before it sprouts, and for three months and six months.
When the sprouts get stuck, transfer the container to a bright light, protecting the shoots from direct rays, regularly moisten the soil and spray the seedlings with warm water, and when they grow to 10-15 cm, spread the shoots in personalized 15-cm pots in the soil consisting of four parts humus, one part of peat land with the addition of two parts of sand, turf and leaf land. Throw a couple of handfuls of charcoal into the mix and mix everything thoroughly before planting. Do not forget to lay a layer of drainage material on the bottom of the pot.
The date palm grown from the stone at home can give leaves only for the third or even the fifth year of life. The growth point at the date palm is at the top of the trunk, so that it is impossible to cut it or to form the tree crown in any way. Make sure that the new arrow of the leaf is rotated from the light into the shade, and from time to time, turn the pot around the axis so that the crown of the tree is formed evenly.
How to care for date palm.
Caring for a home date palm is very simple. Keep it in a bright sunny place in a well-ventilated area. The temperature in summer can be any, and in winter it should be no higher than 18 ºC and no lower than 12 ºC.
In hot weather, date palm leaves can dry out from the ends, so it is advisable to spray them several times a day or wipe with a damp sponge, and arrange a shower plant for the plant once a week, closing the top layer of soil from moisture.
In the spring and summer, feed the palm tree weekly with organic and mineral fertilizers, in the fall fertilize twice as rarely - once every two weeks, in the winter, if it is necessary, it is enough to apply complex fertilizers once a month.
Watering a date palm.
Growing a date palm involves regular balanced watering of the plant with separated soft water. What does balanced watering mean? This means that the soil should be moistened so that the plant has enough water, but no more. So that the excess moisture does not stagnate in the roots of the plant, do not forget to put a thick layer of drainage into the pot during transplantation.
Date palm transplant.
Young plants that have not reached the age of five are transplanted annually, those that are older - only if this is necessary, because the date palm does not like to be disturbed. When transplanting, you need to act as carefully as possible so as not to damage the root of the date palm, so it is best to use the method of transferring plants from an old pot to a new one. The pot for the date palm should be deep, because it has long roots, and each subsequent pot should be 3-4 cm in diameter more than the previous one. Before you transplant date palm, do not forget about the drainage layer. If the old palm pot is still fit, but you are worried that the soil has already lost the necessary qualities for the plant, carefully remove the top layer of the old substrate and replace it with fresh. This should be done every six months.
In most cases, when the conditions of detention are violated, the date palm suffers from spider mites, mealy worms and scutes. The best way to control pests is to correct mistakes in care. Remove insects and plant-destroying traces of their vital activity best mechanically, wiping the leaves of the date palm with a soap-vodka solution (15 g of liquid soap, any dishwashing liquid or dissolved in warm water with a teaspoon of grated solid soap dilute in a liter of warm water and add to a solution of two tablespoons of vodka). If the number does not pass, after a week the processing of the leaves must be repeated, just do not forget to protect the soil in the pot from getting soap into it. With a strong infection by pests, it is necessary to resort to the treatment of date palm leaves with insecticides, and the best of them is Actellic.
Of the diseases of the date palm tree are known spotting, disfiguring leaf plate, and pink rot, affecting not only the leaves, but sometimes the stem, and causing them to rot. Fortunately, only weak and diseased plants are susceptible to infection with these diseases, so the guarantee of health for the date palm is your compliance with the rules for caring for it. If the trouble happened and the plant became ill, perform a double palm treatment with a fungicide containing mancozeb and methyl thiophanate, observing the weekly interval between sessions.
Date palm is drying.
Sometimes the date palm leaves dry from the tips, and this is a clear indication that the room where the plant is located has too low air humidity at a normal rate of 50%. This is not so much, and there are more than enough ways to increase the humidity of the air, so do not be lazy to spray and wash the leaves, otherwise the palm tree will lose its decorative effect, and it will be a great pity to waste time and effort. Remember that the date palm dries only in a negligent host.
Date palm turns yellow.
If you didn’t change your attitude to palm tree care and didn’t solve the problem of moisture supply for the plant at all levels, the next signal of water balance disturbance after the dry tips is yellowing date palm leaves. This means that you not only irregularly sprinkle the leaves of the plant, but also forget to water it, allowing the earthen coma to dry in a pot. If you do not have enough time to take care of the plant, think maybe it would be better to give a date palm to someone who takes the time to take care of her?
Date palm leaves darken.
When the soil in a pot with a date palm is subjected to chronic overwetting, the leaves of the plant gradually darken, turning from green to brown, the trunk becomes soft and the smell of rot is felt from the plant. As soon as you notice it, stop watering the palm trees, take it out of the pot and inspect the roots: if they become dark, soft and watery, the plant has already died, but if among the rotted roots there are still alive, then it makes sense to cut off the dead roots, sprinkled slices on crushed charcoal, and transplant date palm in fresh soil.