Autumn is a sacred time for mushroom pickers who rush every weekend to "quiet hunting." Many beginners do not know where chanterelles grow, which are almost never damaged by mushroom flies, are amazingly tasty and contain a lot of useful substances. We will tell you where to look for these amazing gifts of nature.
Where chanterelles grow, mixed or especially deciduous forests often rise. However, these mushrooms occasionally grow in coniferous forests, but they are found there not as an example less often. Chanterelles look rather peculiar: the body is bright yellow or orange in color, the flesh is the same, and the cap is soft and wavy.
It should be noted that the flat plates reach the base of the leg, which is rarely longer than five centimeters.
The younger the mushroom, the more flat it is. If you see a hat of strictly round shape, red-orange color, then it is better to pass by. The fact is that such forms and color are characteristic of false chanterelles, which are not classified as edible.
Occasionally collect gray species, conditionally fit for food. In general, where chanterelles grow, you can often find almost all their varieties, so you need to be more careful.
However, there is a positive feature in this: having found a couple of mushrooms, sit down and carefully inspect the area. It may be that there are more than one hundred little foxes around you. It does not hurt to stir the leaves and moss, as the mushrooms are often hidden in the forest floor.
In no case do not turn them out of the ground, as this leads to the destruction of the mycelium and a drop in the yield of the place in the future. It is necessary to cut them as carefully as possible at the very base, as in this case the mycelium will not be damaged, and new chanterelle mushrooms will appear at the same place.
Where do the biggest colonies grow? Try to go to more forested areas. The drier a year, the higher the probability of finding this red delicacy there, as chanterelles like humidity. Unfortunately, they are extremely rare in pine forests. As we said, there is a high probability of bringing a full basket in a mixed forest.
By the way, where do the chanterelles grow in the Moscow region? Experienced mushroom pickers advise to pay attention to the forests located near the stations Chernaya and Lukhovitsy. They have a great moss bed, which chanterelles are very fond of. In addition, the orange flesh of mushrooms is even better seen on a green background.
If blueberry grows on a plot in the forest, then you can pass by: for some reason, chanterelles do not tolerate neighborhood with blueberries.
Of course, if you want to collect as many of these wonderful mushrooms as possible, you need to take into account the season and the season. It is best to go to the forest in early autumn, but it all depends on the rains and their frequency.
If they have already grown, chanterelles practically do not dry out and do not rot. When the moisture in the surrounding substrate is low, they simply stop growing. That is why in the lowlands you can find huge, juicy and completely fresh mushrooms.
Having learned about where chanterelles grow, you can begin planning your trek to the forest.
Where chanterelles grow and how not to fall for false mushrooms - AgronomWiki
They say that chanterelles help cleanse the liver, remove radionuclides from the body and feed it with vitamins.
But often, instead of nutritious and tasty mushrooms, their poisonous counterparts fall into the basket. Unfortunately, experienced lovers of quiet hunting in many cases rely not on knowledge, but on intuition.
We will understand how to distinguish false chanterelles and what to do when they are poisoned.
Where and when to look for them
Chanterelle season starts in summer and depends largely on weather conditions. Often in June on the forest edges between conifers and deciduous trees can be found solitary mushrooms. And in July, their mass appearance begins.
When torrential rains come, chanterelles do not rot, during a long absence of precipitation, they do not dry out, and in the heat they simply stop growing. They are loved for their excellent taste and property in all conditions to preserve juiciness and freshness.
In addition, these forest gifts never have wormholes. These are one of the few mushrooms that do not deteriorate during transportation.
In the high season, chanterelles can be collected in bags, and at the same time they will not lose their attractiveness and value.
Experienced mushroom pickers are advised to go in search of birch groves. In places where chanterelles grow, it can be damp and dry, shade and sun light, leafy ground and mosses. A characteristic feature of these mushrooms is that they never grow alone.
Therefore, if you find one copy, look around, look under the fallen branches and leaves - maybe there is a whole family. But before you cut the mushroom carefully inspect the find.
On the natural signs of authenticity, which need to pay attention, we will discuss below.
In contrast to these, false chanterelles, which are popularly called “gossipers”, can live on fallen trees, old rotting stumps and broken trees. In addition, very common single mushrooms.
Edible mushrooms such as aspen weed, white podgazdki, boletus, russula, champignons, mokhovik, svinushki, black milk mushrooms, porcini mushrooms, and mushrooms are sources of biologically valuable food components: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements.
As it turned out, chanterelles are very tricky mushrooms, so let's take a closer look at the photo and description of real and false specimens.
Shapes and cap
Outward signs of both fungi only at first glance seem to be exactly the same. In fact, there are many differences. Already by the color and shape of the cap, you can determine who is who.
Light yellow tones are peculiar to a real mushroom, sometimes they can flow into a cream and yellow-orange color. But the fox cheater looks very bright.
It differs red, fiery orange color, which is often mixed with brown shades. It is characteristic that the edges of her cap are always lighter than the core.
It is easy to distinguish between a regular chanterelle and a false chanterelle by the surface structure and the shape of their caps. In the "fake" it is slightly velvety with smooth, neatly rounded edges, up to 6 cm in diameter. In the present, it is slightly larger, smooth, irregular in shape, with a wavy edge.
Important! In both mushrooms, the center of the cap, in the initial periods of growth, is slightly raised, and moderately ripening, it bends in the shape of a funnel. Therefore, this feature for distinguishing between edible and poisonous specimens should not be taken into account.
Inside, the govorushka is yellow, tasteless, with a loose porous structure. In addition, it has a sharp unpleasant smell. If you press firmly with your fingers, the color of the pulp will not change.
Cutting a real chanterelle, you will see yellowish edges and a snowy white middle. The mushroom is very dense, with a pleasant aroma, slightly sour taste. When pressed on it remains scarlet traces.
Knowledgeable mushroom pickers, when collecting chanterelles, always look at the leg of the fungus. If it is thick and strong, then you have in your hands an authentic sample.
It is characterized by a smooth transition of the legs to the cap, uniform color, smoothness of the surface and density of the structure.
The conical shape of the legs to the bottom slightly tapers.