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The best varieties of sweet pepper for the Urals: photos and description

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Today I want to tell you about the varieties of pepper for the Urals. Bulgarian sweet pepper grows well with us, especially in greenhouses and film shelters, but in the open field you can get a good harvest. Just need to choose the right grade of pepper. It is better to grow through seedlings, but, like early varieties of tomatoes, early varieties of peppers can also be sown directly into the ground.

Early varieties just have time to give you their crops, and in the greenhouse it is good to grow middle-ripening varieties of peppers as well - they will bear fruit before the cold. So, more about

Let's start with the early varieties of Bulgarian sweet pepper

  1. Montero - the variety is early ripe; about 100 days pass from the first shoots to the first fruits. Montero is a tall plant up to 120 cm. Large-fruited - bright scarlet fruits gain an average weight of up to 200 grams, but can be much larger (it all depends on care). The form is elongated prism-like, wall thickness about 7 mm., Very tasty variety. It is advisable to grow in a greenhouse.

Montero Pepper Variety

Variety of pepper Single

Winnie the Pooh - early ripening. From full germination to fruit passes up to 110 days. The plant itself is small, compact up to 30 cm in height, it is better to plant it thickened. And the fruits of pepper Winnie the Pooh are small red cones up to 60 grams, growing in a bouquet. The fruits ripen amicably, almost simultaneously and are well stored.

Variety of pepper Winnie the Pooh

  • Amber - early ripening, it takes up to 112 days from germination to fruit. It is advisable to grow in a greenhouse. Medium-sized plant, up to 90 centimeters high. Pepper Yantar - fruits in the form of large orange cones, smooth, with good taste. Weight 110 gr. on average, the wall thickness is about 7 mm. Will delight you with a high yield of beautiful bright fruits.
  • Agapovsky - an early ripe grade, to a technical maturity of fruits passes till 120 days. Medium-sized plant, compact, many large dark green leaves. Fruits are large (up to 120 grams), smooth, prism-like, bright scarlet. Wall thickness about 7 mm. Fruits of high quality, good taste and aroma.
  • Nikitich - early ripe, 92 days to the first fruits. The plants are low, medium branchy, standard. Fruits are large (120 grams on average, but grow larger), drooping, color is dark red, wall thickness about 8 mm. Very good taste.
  • Gingerbread Man - early ripe. Low, standard plant - up to 30 cm in total, with dense foliage. Fruits are round (diameter about 8, height 5.5 cm), weighing up to 160 grams., Very tasty. Thick-walled - about 8 mm., Dark red. Fruits ripen together. For cultivation in greenhouses.
  • Vityaz - early ripe variety. It is grown in open ground and tunnels. The plant is medium to 50 cm tall, half sprawling. Large fruits, dark red, cone-shaped, drooping. The average fruit weight is up to 130 grams, but can be larger, thick-walled - about 8 mm. High-yielding variety, excellent taste.
  • Mid-season varieties of pepper for the Urals

    1. Atlant - middle-ripe variety for growing in tunnels and open ground. Spreading tall plant. The fruit is in the form of a drooping cone, red in biological ripeness. Large-fruited, weighing up to 200 grams, wall thickness about 5 mm, excellent sweet taste. The variety is fruitful and calmly tolerates any weather conditions.
    2. Bogatyr - mid-season variety. It tolerates adverse weather, temperature fluctuations and lack of lighting. Conical, very large fruits (weighing about 180 grams, up to 18 cm long!). Very good taste - juicy, sweet. Good fresh and blanks. The plant is sprawling, powerful, medium to 70 cm in height. For cultivation in greenhouses, tunnels and open ground. Fruitful, suitable for sale, as the fruits tolerate transportation and are aligned in size.
    3. Alyosha Popovich - mid season. For open ground, tunnels and film covers. A tall plant, openwork, sparse. Fruits are red (weighing up to 170 g), drooping, smooth, prism-shaped. The wall thickness is up to 8mm, the taste is good, but the flavor is rather weak. Does not require staking and plant formation. The variety is fruitful, it sets fruit when temperature fluctuates.
    4. Player - mid-season variety (up to the first fruits up to 120 days). Suitable for greenhouses, and for greenhouses, and for open ground. Plants grow up to 60 cm. Almost cubical fruits, large (about 150 grams), saturated red color. Very thick-walled - up to 12 mm. Very tasty variety, high-yielding with a friendly return of fruits. Unpretentious in growing.

    Of course, there are many different varieties that are suitable for growing in the Urals and in general in the zone of risky agriculture. If you are interested in the description of any other varieties, then write in the comments.

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    Grade selection rules

    The most important requirement in choosing the right variety concerns its resistance to possible cooling and preserving the ability to form the ovaries of future fruits under adverse weather conditions. It is equally important that the pepper has time to fully ripen before the onset of autumn frosts, while maintaining good yield, balanced sweet taste and large size of the fruits themselves.

    For cultivation in the Urals, it is recommended to choose early and mid-season varieties. In this case, an advance germination of seeds is carried out in advance before sowing into the ground. Considering the climatic features of the regions, it is necessary to germinate seeds by positioning inside a damp cloth or gauze not earlier than the second decade of March. It is necessary to sow the seeds as soon as the seedlings begin to peek.

    Growing a strong disease-resistant seedlings

    Pepper belongs to the category of solanaceous crops, which means that the yield and stability of bushes primarily depends on the state of their root system. One of the most dangerous procedures is picking the roots when transplanting adult seedlings into separate holes. To avoid weakening the plant and not to reduce its natural resistance to disease, it is necessary to sow the seeds in separate small containers with opaque walls. The best option for such containers are peat cups.

    Of the main requirements for the care of grown seedlings is to provide the maintenance of optimal soil moisture. At the same time, stagnation of water is not allowed, since they block the access of roots to oxygen and provoke damage to seed material. In order to grow strong disease-resistant bushes, seeds can be pre-treated with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate, dropping seeds into it for 20-30 minutes.

    No less important point is the preventive treatment of the soil, which will eliminate microbes and fungal infections that exist inside. To do this, sifted wood ash is added to the soil, or steaming is performed with boiling bright pink solution of potassium permanganate.

    Preparation of permanent soil for plant transplantation and provision of suitable temperature conditions

    The air temperature in the room where the container with the ground and seeds is located should remain at a level of 24 to 26 degrees Celsius. The ground in which the bushes will be transplanted should also be heated. Experienced gardeners recommend before planting seedlings on the beds themselves to put plastic bottles with water or stones. During the day, they will heat up under the influence of sunlight, and at night the accumulated heat will be transferred to the ground.

    If the pepper is planted in open ground, work can be carried out only after the air temperature does not fall below 14 - 16 degrees Celsius. The optimal temperature regime for the growth and fruiting of peppers is the range from 24 to 28 degrees Celsius. That is why for growing fruits on the territory of the Urals, it is necessary to choose varieties and hybrids that are resistant to possible cold snaps.

    An equally important point concerns the preparation of the soil itself. It must have a neutral level of acidity, because the roots can not develop normally, and the bush itself - to form the ovaries of future fruits. The fact that the soil has a high acidity may indicate the growth of plantain on it, as well as plants from the heather group. The easiest and most affordable way to neutralize is a solution of chalk or lime. To do this, you need 80 - 100 g of dry matter and 10 liters of water. The first changes can be observed already in 12–15 days: the plants come to life noticeably and activate growth.

    If possible, it is necessary to normalize the level of acidity in soils in early spring, before planting. In this case, the entire area must dig. Sifted wood ash can be used instead of lime. 2.5 - 3 weeks prior to planting grown seedlings, it is recommended that fertilizer be additionally fertilized with humus or compost.

    Recommendations for watering and lighting

    Moderate soil moisture and adequate illumination of plants are basic requirements not only in the process of development of bushes and fruit growing, but also at the stage of formation of a strong disease-resistant seedling. Watering should be regular, but moderate. It is better to allow the soil to dry out a little more than to allow the formation of puddles and water stagnation. The second option blocks the access of the roots to the necessary oxygen and can provoke the beginning of their deterioration, in particular, rotting.

    In choosing a site for planting sweet pepper, it is necessary to focus on full sun illumination and the mandatory absence of cold drafts and the availability of protection from gusty cold winds. During the hottest days, the soil is mulchable: it is covered with impermeable materials that do not let the sun's rays in, thereby preventing moisture from evaporating from the soils.

    Mid-season varieties of sweet peppers for the Urals

    With all the requirements of the cultivation and care of sweet peppers, it is necessary to take into account the time of its ripening and the ability to form ovaries under adverse weather conditions. After all, the ability to get a good harvest of fragrant sweet pepper at the end of the growing season depends on this.

    The variety is suitable for cultivation in the Urals, as it belongs to the category of mid-season plants. The ripening period takes about 125 - 160 days from the moment the seedlings emerge. Shrubs grow low, up to 55 - 65 cm, but rather sprawling, which causes planting no more than 4 - 5 bushes per 1 sq. M. The grade is suitable for cultivation, both in greenhouse conditions, and on open soil. With a possible cold snap, it is recommended to use a temporary film cover for bushes.

    An important advantage of the variety is a balanced sweet taste, as well as large cone-shaped fruits with an average weight of about 145–170 g. The ripening process includes the stages of technical and biological maturity of the peppers. In the first case, the fruits are distinguished by a light green color, which then turns into bright red. Pepper is suitable for fresh consumption, is successfully used for the preparation of first and second courses, as well as suitable for preservation.

    Bogatyr variety is in demand among experienced gardeners and due to the increased content of vitamin C. That is why it is included in the children's menu, and is also actively used in compliance with the diet. Pepper has good keeping quality and normally tolerates long-term transportation, without losing its presentation and taste characteristics. Because of this, it is suitable for growing not only for food but also for sale. Bogatyr Pepper is resistant to cold, while the function of forming the ovaries does not stop, which is necessary to collect a good harvest.

    Not afraid of the variety and most of the possible diseases. First of all it concerns a tobacco mosaic, top rot and verticillis. The only important point concerns the timely protection against insect pests that damage the integrity of the leaves, and therefore prevent the further development of the plants and their fruits. Of the chemicals, the actual protection of the pepper will be fungicides or insecticides. When using them, it is extremely important to take care of your own protection first, and to carry out work no later than 2–2.5 weeks before the first collection of ripened peppers. Organic matter can help a two-day garlic extract, which is taken 10 liters of water and 250 - 300 g of crushed garlic. Spraying is carried out with a spray and with a mandatory repetition after 8 - 10 days.

    The soil should be loose and with a neutral level of acidity. Watering is necessarily carried out using warm distilled water. At first, watering is carried out from the top, by the rain method, but with the appearance of the first flowers on the bushes, the direction should be changed to the root part of the bushes, with minimal leaves touching. Variety provides pasynkovanie side shoots, and the lower leaves should be cut off so that the tops do not come into contact with the ground.

    If you follow the minimum rules for growing seedlings and caring for bushes, the first harvest can be collected closer to the end of July or at the very beginning of August.

    Balanced sweet taste and increased fruit yield are not the only arguments for choosing Atlant. Juicy, dense and at the same time crispy flesh has a high content of vitamin C, which provokes the active use of pepper in cooking, as well as in the children's menu and subject to dietary restrictions.

    The fruits grow quite large with an average weight of about 115 - 175 g. The vegetation period lasts about 130 - 140 days from the moment the first shoots appear. In this case, the crop can be harvested after 110-115 days, when the stage of technical ripeness of the fruits begins. The Atlas variety is quite unpretentious in its care, it is well immune to many diseases, and is not afraid of cold weather, which is typical of the changeable climate in the Urals. At the same time, a high yield of a variety allows you to collect at least 3 - 5 kg of fruit per 1 square meter, which will please even the most demanding gardener.

    The grade the Atlas belongs to the category of early ripe plants. If you think about growing seedlings a little earlier, then in one season you can grow two full-grown crops of pepper. The use of ripe pepper is universal, since it can be used fresh, used for first and second courses, as well as canning for the winter.

    Atlanta pepper can be grown both in greenhouse conditions and on open ground. It should be borne in mind that the variety remains resistant to lesion with verticillus, vertex rot, aphids and fusarium. Additional preventive treatment of the bushes may be needed against insect pests. For this purpose, a two-day infusion of celandine can be used. For the preparation of the mixture you need 8 to 9 liters of water and at least 1 to 1.5 kg of crushed fresh grass.

    The variety tolerates weather variability and prolonged drought quite easily, but the lack of full-fledged solar lighting can be a serious threat to obtain a full-fledged crop. That is why you should choose the most open and not shaded areas of soil. Of the mandatory requirements for care also stands out:

    • fertilizing plants with nitrogen mixtures and potassium-phosphorus complexes twice a day,
    • use of warm settled water for irrigation (about 26 - 29 degrees),
    • careful and timely tying to an additional stable support.

    Additional fertilization of the soil to obtain a good harvest should be carried out during the transplantation of seedlings to a permanent place, as well as before the formation of flowers on the bushes.

    Red and yellow bull

    A distinctive feature of pepper hybrids is their increased yield, resistance to cold weather, as well as the ability to get juicy delicious crispy fruits of a truly huge size, because the pepper Red and yellow bull in weight is 220 - 270 g on average. At the same time, proper care and cultivation can please and result in 400 g. The length of ripe peppers often reaches 18 to 20 cm, and the thickness of the pulp is about 9 to 10 mm. The shape of the fruit is elongated cylindrical. At the time of technical ripening pepper has a rich green color, which at the onset of biological maturity becomes bright red or yellow.

    As for the taste criteria, the hybrid is in demand, thanks to the juicy and simultaneous crispy flesh with a balanced taste. Pepper has a high content of vitamins such as B, C and P, as well as mineral salts. This leads to its active use in the children's menu and subject to dietary dietary restrictions. The grade is appointed for the use to patients with the diagnosed diabetes mellitus, disturbances in work of a digestive tract, and also with a hypertension.

    The general use of fruits is universal, as they are suitable for fresh use, are used to prepare first and second courses, and also successfully retain all qualities in the process of heat treatment and canning for the winter.

    Чтобы рассчитывать на получение хорошего урожая при переменчивом и часто непредсказуемом климате, выращивание гибрида стоит начинать с подготовки и посева семян. Как правило, сами работы проводятся в середине марта. До того, как семена окажутся в грунте, их рекомендуется поместить в марлю или чистую хлопковую ткань с последующим увлажнением за счет опрыскивания из пульверизатора. Температура воздуха в помещении при этом должна быть не ниже 24 – 26 градусов тепла. Первые росточки должны проклюнуться уже на 5 – 8 сутки. As soon as all seeds have sprouts, they are carefully transplanted into the ground and covered with loose soil.

    The optimal composition of soil for growing seedlings involves the presence of garden soil with the addition of humus, peat and sawdust. Instead of sawdust, large river sand can be used. Since pepper is extremely painful in the process of picking root systems, it is necessary to plant seeds in separate plastic, wooden or peat containers. As the seedlings grow, the containers should change to large ones.

    Growing seedlings is important in bright rooms without drafts. If solar lighting is not enough for 11 - 12 hours, use electricity with fluorescent lamps. For watering the bushes using warm water. Moisture supply should be regular, but it takes into account the degree of drying of the soil. The most pernicious situation is the formation of puddles and stagnation of water in the ground, which does not allow oxygen to the roots and provokes their damage. Fertilizer complexes should choose options with the predominant presence of potassium and nitrogen.

    Planting seedlings on open ground is better in early June, when the risk of returning night frost remains minimal. From the mandatory requirements it is also necessary to distinguish the pinching side shoots and pinching the tops of the bushes in early July. The latter trick allows you to limit the further growth of the stems, and therefore, to direct the nutrients to the development and maturation of the fruits themselves. Pinching should be done with the utmost care. This also applies to the breakage of the lower leaves, so that the tops are not in contact with the ground.

    The vegetation period of the hybrid takes 110-125 days from the time of sowing the seeds. With regular loosening and proper mulching, you can count on getting 17-25 large fruits. This is the main reason why pepper needs to be tied up in a trellis way. The advantage of choice is the long ripening period, which allows you to harvest almost until the onset of cold autumn.

    Since the hybrid is resistant to most diseases, preventive protection of the bushes in the form of spraying the leaves with a serum solution with water in the ratio of 1 to 6 can be carried out. Optimal plant protection is the choice of healthy fertilized soil. If the pepper is grown in a greenhouse, it is extremely important to provide full ventilation of the room.

    Resistance to changeable weather and unpredictable climate is different and the variety is pepper Kupets. Its growing season is about 110 - 112 days. Shrubs grow quite high - up to 75 - 85 cm. At the same time, the shape of the fruit is characterized as pyramidal. The average weight of pepper is 85 - 115 g.

    The demand for varieties among experienced gardeners is due to the stability of obtaining a good harvest, since the plant retains the ability to form the ovaries of future fruits even under adverse weather conditions. Due to the increased content of vitamins, the Merchant variety is actively used in the diet and in the children's menu. Its use is quite universal, since the aroma, taste and nutrients remain in the fruit even after heat treatment.

    To get a good harvest of pepper in the Urals, cultivation should start with the preparation and sowing of seeds. As a rule, this is held in the last week of February or in the first days of March. For the development and strengthening of seedlings it is necessary to choose a bright room with a temperature regime of about 25 - 28 degrees Celsius. At the same time, drafts and over abundant watering with the formation of stagnant water are not allowed. 2 - 3 weeks before the planned replanting to a permanent place on the open ground, seedlings undergo daily hardening with a gradual increase in the residence time in the fresh air. It should start from 20 - 25 minutes to prevent leaves from burning in direct sunlight.

    If the first picking of plants is carried out to transplant seedlings from a common container into separate pots, then the work itself should be carried out as soon as 2 - 3 full leaflets appear on the stems. With a separate cultivation of seeds is not recommended to use containers with transparent walls.

    Planted plants on a permanent ground can be no more than 4 units per 1 sq. M. At the same time, the bushes need a careful garter to an additional support, as well as cracking the side shoots. The lower leaves also need to be cut off to prevent the foliage from spoiling due to contact with the soil. When planting on a permanent ground, it should be borne in mind that the depth of planting should be no more than with the development of the seedlings. This is due to the fact that the pepper stalks do not form adventitious roots, and insufficient lighting can lead to a weakening of the plant itself and to the beginning of the process of its damage.

    Since the pepper variety is sufficiently resistant to changeable weather and cooling, additional temporary shelter with a film is necessary only for the first 1.5 - 2 weeks for the root system to have time to harden in the soil and provide an opportunity for the further development of the bushes and their fruiting.

    The best varieties of sweet peppers for the Urals

    Since the climatic features of the Ural territories are characterized by a short summer and an increased risk of late frosts, it is worth choosing early or mid-season varieties of pepper for cultivation. In this case, special attention should be paid to the possibility of growing peppers in open fields or in more protected greenhouse conditions.

    The variety of pepper belongs to the category of early ripening plants, since its growing season lasts only 95 - 105 days from the moment the first shoots appeared. The plant is rather tall, therefore it requires tying to an additional support and obligatory pinching of the tops after the formation of 3-4 brushes. As a rule, it is held in the first or second decade of July. Fetus themselves are distinguished by a bright scarlet color, with an average weight of 240 - 260 g, as well as a prism-like elongated shape.

    Increased productivity provides the ability to collect 7 - 10 kg of fruit per 1 sq.m. The thickness of the fragrant dense pulp is about 7 - 8 mm, which preserves the characteristic crispness of the pepper and ensures its universal use in cooking. Pepper Montero successfully used in fresh form, as well as for the preparation of hot dishes.

    Of the mandatory requirements for the care should be allocated feeding plants at the stage of transplanting seedlings and before flowering shrubs. Watering soils should be directed to the root part. At the same time, regularity and moderation are important. Despite resistance to possible cold snaps, the Montero variety is recommended for growing in greenhouses. At the same time it is necessary to maintain air humidity at the level of 60%.

    Sudden changes in temperature and degree of soil moisture can cause damage to the spider mite. As a preventive defense, it is possible to spray bushes with a serum solution with water in the ratio of 1 to 7. The plant has good immunity against verticillus and tobacco mosaic damage. Since loosening the soil and hilling bushes are mandatory requirements in the care of pepper, the seedlings should be placed at a distance of 40 - 50 cm.

    The main advantage of the variety is its ability to adapt to a variety of growing conditions, which is very valuable among experienced gardeners of the Urals. Pepper is suitable for cultivation on open grounds, and also in greenhouses. The height of the bushes can reach 70 - 75 cm. The shape of the fruit is cuboid with an approximate width and height of 10 - 12 cm. The thickness of the dense crispy pulp is about 10 mm, which allows you to keep the aroma and balanced sweet taste even after heat treatment.

    The ability to get a stable crop even in adverse weather conditions increases the relevance of the choice of variety. There is no need to separately prepare the conditions for growing seedlings. Seeds can be laid directly into the ground to a depth of no more than 1–1.5 cm. The distance between the holes should be about 3–4 cm. Before the emergence and full development of stems with 2–4 full leaves, the area should be under a temporary film cover. The onset of the biological maturity of the fruits is indicated by their saturated red color. Use the harvest can be in fresh form, in the preparation of hot dishes, as well as the main ingredient for canning for the winter.

    Despite the resistance of bushes to unpredictable weather conditions and possible cooling, the variety requires a careful approach to feeding the root system, regularly loosening the soil for a full supply of oxygen, as well as using warm, settled water for irrigation. For preventive protection of plants from possible diseases can use soda solution. To do this, you need 250 - 300 g of dry matter per 8 - 9 liters of water. The first spraying is carried out when the stems form more than 5 - 7 full leaves. Re-treatment with a spray should be held after a week break.

    Winnie the Pooh pepper variety is suitable for cultivation in the Urals, because it is resistant to possible air temperature drops, and also belongs to the category of early ripening plants, which is important under the conditions of a short summer and an early onset of autumn frosts.

    The demand for the variety is also due to the opportunity to get a good harvest in the form of fairly large sweet fruits with a bright yellow color.

    The average weight of pepper is 55 - 85 g. The shrubs have an average height, therefore they can be grown both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions. When planting 4 - 5 bushes per 1 square meter, you can count on getting 6 - 7 kg of crop. At the same time, the pepper itself has good keeping quality and is successfully preserved during long-term transportation. Thanks to this feature, Winnie the Pooh variety is grown not only for food purposes, but also for further sale with the need to make a profit. The balanced sweet taste is accompanied by a juicy and dense flesh with a characteristic crunchiness. The use of the variety is quite universal, since the fruits can be used fresh and canned for the winter.

    The increased disease resistance of the bushes concerns lesions with fusarium and wilt caused by verticillus, as well as damage to leaves and stems by aphids. To protect against other possible diseases, fungicides or insecticides can be used. In such cases, you should take care of your own protection in advance, and work can be carried out no later than 2–2.5 weeks before the planned harvest. With regard to possible cold spells due to unpredictable weather conditions, the bushes retain the ability to form the ovaries of future fruits at a temperature not lower than 10 - 12 degrees Celsius.

    In the practice of growing bright yellow fruits of pepper there are a number of proven recommendations. First of all it concerns:

    • sprouting seeds by putting them in a moderately damp cloth (you can maintain the humidity by spraying with warm water from a spray bottle, and the first germs should start to sweep on days 7-9),
    • pre-treatment of seeds in a light pink solution of potassium permanganate (soaking lasts no more than 20-25 minutes),
    • for planting on a permanent place suitable seedlings at the age of 60 - 65 days from the moment of the appearance of the first shoots,
    • minimizing the stress that plants receive from picking the root system will help planting seeds in separate small containers of 70-100 ml,
    • watering should be carried out under the root of the plants, without affecting the tops,
    • if mineral complexes are diluted in irrigation water for the purpose of fertilizing the soil, the ratio of the substance to the liquid should be 1 to 10,
    • it is necessary to fertilize the soil no more often than 1 time in 3 - 4 weeks.

    The main difference between the early ripe varieties of pepper Yantar is in the bright orange color of large juicy fruits. The shape of the peppers is cone-shaped, and the thickness of the pulp is about 6 - 7 mm, which guarantees their necessary crispness. The average weight of pepper is 90 - 110 g. Pepper can be grown both in greenhouse conditions and in open ground. The height of the bushes reaches 90 - 95 cm. The vegetation period takes about 130 days. At the same time, the technical ripeness of fruits begins already at 110–112 days. At this stage, the pepper has a rich green color.

    Used variety for cooking fresh salads, as well as an ingredient in the first and second courses. If you plant plants in 3 - 4 bushes per 1 square meter, then you can count on getting 6.5 - 8 kg of crop from the site. If necessary, economical use of fertile land, it is important to observe the distance between the planted bushes not less than 30 - 35 cm.

    In the formation of the bushes must be staving side shoots and removing the lower rows with leaves. Before flowering, the bushes are watered from above, by the rain method, but with the appearance of the first buds, warm water should be directed to the root of the plants. Timely loosening of the soil will ensure the access of oxygen to the roots, and careful hilling will protect the soil from excessive moisture loss during the drought period and high air temperatures.

    The variety has a high content of vitamins, so it is actively used in compliance with diets, and also takes place in the preparation of dishes from the children's menu. Peppers can be used, both orange and green, because in both cases the flesh has an already formed sweet taste without bitterness.

    As a prevention of possible diseases and to strengthen the resistance of the bushes, a two-day ash infusion can be used, for which 1 liter of sifted wood ash and 10 liters of water are needed. If sawdust is used in the soil for growing peppers, they must be pre-treated disinfectant properties. Of the organic complexes in such cases, urea can be used.

    Agapovsky

    The variety is suitable for cultivation in the Urals, due to its unpretentiousness to weather conditions and the ability to give the first full harvest within 120 days after the emergence of the first seedlings. The plant is of medium height, therefore it is suitable for cultivation in greenhouses or in open ground using a temporary film cover. The second option is relevant to protect the still fragile bushes from possible night frosts.

    The fruits have a balanced sweet taste. No bitterness is observed at the stage of technical maturity of pepper, which is distinguished by its saturated green color. Due to the size of the fruits themselves and their average weight of 100 - 120 g, more than 1.5 - 2 kg of crop can be harvested from one bush. The wall thickness is 6 - 7 mm, which guarantees the simultaneous combination of juiciness and crispiness of pepper, and also makes it possible to grow it for sale.

    The unpretentiousness of the variety to the weather conditions provides for the mandatory loosening of the soil to ensure oxygen access, the use of extremely warm water for irrigation, as well as timely and careful tying bushes to an additional support. Pepper is extremely difficult to tolerate the increased acidity of the soil, so even in the process of autumn soil treatment, lime, chalk or wood ash should be added to the ground. The substance is taken in the calculation of 20 -25 kg per one hundred vegetable garden.

    Fresh manure and not rotten compost are not suitable as fertilizer, since this provokes a rapid growth and stretching of the bushes themselves, which have no strength left to form and ripen the fruit. Of the mineral components that fertilize the earth while watering the bushes, you should pay attention to the presence of elements of potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. If the growth of bushes noticed premature yellowing and twisting of the foliage, this may indicate a lack of copper in nutrients.

    The variety has round dense fruits, in which the pulp is occupied by practically the entire internal cavity. At the same time, the bushes are resistant to possible cooling and retain the property to form the ovaries of future fruits. The demand for the Kolobok variety among experienced gardeners is conditioned by the possibility of more efficient use of the plot with fertile soil, since the bushes grow to only 40 - 45 cm and remain compact.

    The average weight of the fruit is 120 - 150 g. It is possible to use ripe peppers not only in fresh form, but also for canning for the winter. To obtain a good harvest requires compliance with the minimum care for plants. At the same time, you can count on getting 4 - 5 kg of fruits from 1 square meter of land.

    The Kolobok variety does not require additional prophylactic treatment against viral mosaic damage, verticillary wilting, or vertex rot. More attention should be paid to rotting of the root system and the neck, provoked by Fusarium. This is especially true at the stage of growing seedlings. In order to prevent the loss of plants, it is necessary to pre-disinfect the soil with boiling bright pink solution of potassium permanganate. Им заливается емкость с почвой, которая затем перемешивается. Чтобы создать дополнительный парниковый эффект, вся емкость накрывается защитной пленкой. Таким образом скапливающийся конденсат снова возвращается в грунт и усиливает результат. Посев семян можно проводить только после полного остывания грунта и емкости в целом. Для максимальной защиты от возможных заболеваний семена обрабатываются препаратом Фундазол.

    Добрыня Никитич

    Возможность успешного выращивания перца Добрыня Никитич на территории Урала обеспечивается его устойчивостью к переменчивости погодных условий, а также ранним созреванием самих плодов. Вегетационный период занимает около 92 – 95 дней с момента появления ростков рассады. Невысокие кусты при оптимальном уходе с поливами и удобрением дают около 10 – 12 плодов со средним весом в 120 – 130 г. The thickness of the juicy pulp is about 7 - 8 mm, which is necessary to preserve the crispness of the fruit and the possibility of transporting it for sale in the future.

    The full maturity of the fruits is indicated by their rich red color. At the same time, the taste remains as balanced and sweet as possible, without any bitterness, including at the stage of technical maturity of fruits with a rich green color.

    The variety is extremely difficult to transfer picks root systems, so the seeds are recommended to be planted immediately in separate small containers. In order to get a good harvest when growing on open ground, it is recommended to keep the planted bushes under temporary film shelter for the first 10 to 15 days. This will allow the roots to harden and continue the further development of the bushes themselves. The optimal composition of soil for growing varieties provides for the presence of humus, ordinary garden soil, peat and large river sand in equal quantities. Instead of sand, you can use disinfected sawdust. If the soil has a high acidity, sifted wood ash is added to the soil mixture.

    One of the main requirements is the selection of the most open for solar lighting places. At the same time cold drafts are not allowed, and the plants themselves must be protected from possible gusty winds.

    Resistance varieties Vityaz to a cold snap allows you to grow peppers on open ground and in special film tunnels. Due to this, there is no need to use separate containers and soil for growing seedlings. When sowing seeds to a depth of about 1 - 1.5 cm and at a distance of at least 2.5 - 3 cm, you can minimize the stress for plants associated with picking the root system.

    Shrubs are limited in growth and grow no more than 50 cm, therefore, topping the tops is not carried out. Ripe fruits have a cone-shaped and dark red color. The average weight of peppers is about 120 - 140 g. Thickness of dense pulp, as a rule, is about 7 - 8 mm. This allows the crunchy sweet fruits to retain their original characteristics longer, and not to deteriorate after a long carriage. Used Knight pepper, both in fresh form, and for canning.

    To obtain a good harvest, it is necessary to observe the requirements for fertilizing the soil, which is carried out at least in 2 - 3 stages: at the time of sowing the seeds, in the process of transplanting the plants to a permanent place, and also before the flowering of the bushes. Watering plants should be carried out regularly, but moderately, to avoid stagnant water in the soil. Timely loosening of the soil will provide the necessary oxygen supply to the root system. Despite resistance to possible cold snaps, Vityaz Pepper is extremely sensitive to the lack of sun illumination and the presence of drafts.

    Due to the increased resistance against diseases, peppers are easy to maintain and do not require any additional preventive treatments.

    Anna Vasilyevna, 43 years

    When growing early ripe peppers, germination of seeds is recommended, regardless of the variety. Moist cotton or gauze can be used for this. From above seeds are covered with it. Subsequent moistening is carried out by the spray with the mandatory use of warm water. Sprouting by this method, as a rule, lasts about 12 to 14 days, but the first shoots should appear already on the 6th to 8th day. The temperature of the air in the room should not be below 22 - 25 degrees Celsius. When transplanting seeds into the ground, you need to observe a depth of no more than 7 - 8 mm.

    Viktor Ivanovich, 58 years old

    A reliable preventive protection of pepper from possible diseases is a two-time sprinkling of ash solution with the addition of grated laundry soap. To do this, 10 liters of water is taken 1 liter of sifted wood ash and about 100 g of soap. Ready infusion before use must brew for at least a day. The first spraying is important to carry out not earlier than 2 - 3 weeks after the planting of bushes on a permanent ground, and re-treatment - after a week break.

    What are the best varieties of peppers for Siberia and the Urals?

    Related articles

    Spanish sweet. Early, productive. Fruits are large, thick-walled, 16 cm long, with a diameter of 6 cm. In technical ripeness, the fruits are green, in the biological - red. Universal purpose.

    What are the best varieties of peppers for Siberia?

    Fleshy 7. Early, up to technical ripeness of fruits 100-105 days, until full maturity 140 days. The plant is semi-sprawling, 40-60 cm. Fruits are elongated-conical, smooth or slightly ribbed, up to 13 cm long, 4.5-4.7 cm in diameter, color from light green to red. Weakly affected by disease.

    Sweet pepper - thermophilic culture. In the Urals and Siberia is grown in greenhouses. With the greatest success it is possible to grow early and early maturing varieties. Currently, there is a wide variety of varieties on sale, including early ripening:

    • Early ripe. The height of the bush is 80 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are light green, when ripe they are yellow, cuboid, ribbed, weighing 150-200 g, wall thickness 6-8 mm. It is characterized by good yield, the fruits are used fresh and for canning. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, verticillosis and vertex rot.
    • Mummers

    Characterized by a close return of the crop and excellent taste. The crop is formed on two tiers. On the bush 12-18 fruits are formed. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, verticillosis.

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 50-70 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are green, when ripe - red, large, cone-shaped, weighing 140-180, wall thickness 5-7 mm.

    • According to many summer residents, the following varieties of Bulgarian pepper are most suitable for this region:
    • Othello F1, a hybrid up to 80 cm in height with cone-shaped fruits, whose weight reaches 110 g, and the wall thickness is 7 mm. It has a beautiful purple color, which becomes brown at the stage of biological ripeness.
    • From mid-ripening varieties of peppers for the Urals can be distinguished:

    What are the best varieties of peppers for the Urals?

    Pepper is a one-year crop belonging to the Bean family. There are more than two thousand species of this plant. Its fruits contain vital minerals for man, carotene, and it is also a storehouse of vitamin C. Pepper helps to normalize pressure, strengthens the immune system, improves the gastrointestinal tract, and gives the skin a healthy color. Also pepper pleases with a variety of tastes: bitter, sweet, sour, sour-sweet, etc.

    Suite Early, height of plants is 40-55 cm. Fruits are directed upwards, blunt-pointed, cone-shaped, 10-13 cm long, weighing 50-60 g. In biological ripeness the fruits are dark red, ripen amicably, universal purpose.

    • The orange miracle of F1 is an early ripe hybrid of the first generation, from germination to technical ripeness 100-110 days. Plant height is 90-110 cm. Fruits are large, cubical, bright orange. Fruit wall thickness up to 10 mm. Weight 230-350 g. Resistant to TMV.
    • Agapovsky. The period from full germination to technical ripeness of the fruit 100-120 days. Plants are compact, medium height, leafy. Prism-shaped, smooth, slightly ribbed, drooping, large fruits. The color of fruits in technical ripeness is green, in biological - red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 5-7 mm. Fruit weight 114-120 g. Taste is good, fragrant. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV).
    • Nathan
    • Cornet

    • Characterized by a close return of the crop and excellent taste. The crop is formed on two tiers. On the bush 12-18 fruits are formed. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, verticillosis.
    • Red: Rhapsody, Winnie the Pooh, Agapovsky, Bogatyr, Viking, Merchant, Swallow, Kakadu F1, Gingerbread Man, Atlant, Red Shovel, California Miracle, Claudio F1, Chardash, Funtik, Buratino F1.

    Tenderness - a fruitful grade for film shelters. Its stem grows to 120-140 cm. The weight of the truncated-conic fruits of red color reaches 70-80 g. The thickness of their walls is 4-6 mm.

    The bogatyr is a mid-season variety of sweet pepper. It is the most adapted plant for local weather conditions. Despite the constant fluctuations in temperature and lack of lighting, the Bogatyr fruits reach a weight of 180 grams and a length of 18 centimeters. This kind of housewife loves to harvest for the winter, as in canned form, it remains as juicy and sweet as fresh. Grown in greenhouses, tunnels, open ground.

    The best varieties of sweet pepper with photos and descriptions

    A distinctive feature of this vegetable is disease resistance, which makes it possible to grow peppers in any soil. Previously, this heat-loving plant was planted only in the southern regions. Today, using covering materials, they successfully grow the best varieties of pepper in Siberia and the Urals. To get a good harvest, you need to choose the right variety, which will be "comfortable" in this particular area. For planting fit early and mid-season peppers.

    Dawn. Early, for cultivation in greenhouses. Height is 40-50 cm, Prism-shaped, yellow fruits, walls are juicy, thick, fruit weight 100-130 g. Unpretentious.

    Sweet Pepper Varieties with Photos

    Orion - early ripe, from germination to technical ripeness 104-108 days. Plant height 50-60 cm. Fruits are cone-shaped, slightly fibrous, slightly bent. From light green to red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 5.3-6.2 mm. Fruit weight 35-50 g. Taste is good.

    Aries F1. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 110-120 days. Plant height 130-140 cm, prism-shaped, dark red, large fruits, wall thickness up to 7 mm. Fetal weight 290-300 g. Resistant to TMV.

    1. Early ripe. The height of the bush is 70-90 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are dark green, when ripe they are red, wide, conical, weighing 140-170 g, wall thickness 6-8 mm. It is characterized by long flowering and fruiting, highly resistant to adverse growing conditions, excellent fruit flavor. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.
      • Tomboy
      • Very early. The height of the bush is 60-70 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are yellow-orange, when ripe, orange-red, cone-shaped, weighing 170-220 g, wall thickness 5-6 mm. It is characterized by good fruiting, high yields, the fruits are very decorative, suitable for use at any stage of development. On the bush 13-17 fruits are formed.
      • Chardash
      • Yellow: Apricot favorite, Spooky, Yellow Bell, Gemini F1, Gold reserve.
      • Novogoshary - medium early variety. Its standard plants grow to 50-60 cm. Fruits of red color have a characteristic rounded flat shape. The mass of juicy, thick-walled fruits (8-11 mm) with proper agricultural technology reaches 120-140 g. The period of fruiting of Novogoshars is 1.5 months.
    1. Red and yellow bulls. These unpretentious giants got their names because of the large size and color. The average weight of the pepper is 200 grams, the fruits of the Red Bull can be as heavy as 400 grams. Both varieties are thin-walled, pepper length up to 20 centimeters. Bushes sag under the weight and the number of fruits, so they are tied up.
      • For a fairly cold Siberian region, early-ripe varieties of pepper were bred. For several decades, this healthy product has been successfully grown here. Adhering to the rules of care, planting crops and performing all the agrotechnical activities, gardeners take the crop, which does not disappoint them. Before planting pepper seeds for Siberia, it is necessary to purchase packaging, which indicates that the variety is for this region.

      • Mirage Early, large-fruited, high-yielding, for growing in greenhouses. The fruits are large, yellow, obtuse, 100-110 g, thick-walled (7-8 mm), plant height 40-45 cm.
      • Flaming F1. For cultivation in glass and film greenhouses. From germination to technical ripeness 95-110 days. The plants are tall, in glazed greenhouses - up to 2 m. Prism-shaped fruits, 9-10 cm long, 6-7 cm in diameter. Color from green to red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 5-7 mm. Fruit weight 70-100 g. High content of dry matter, ascorbic acid. The recommended age of seedlings is 60 days.
      • Pinocchio F1. Early ripe, productive, semi-determinant, from germination to technical ripeness 90 days, to biological ripeness - 110-125 days. For cultivation in spring greenhouses, hotbeds. Bush rare, spreading, 70-100 cm, branching is limited. Fruits are pendant, conical, with strokes, smooth, slightly ribbed, drooping, red, long. The wall thickness of the fruit is 4-5 mm, weight 80-120 g. The taste is good, resistant to TMV, slightly affected by the top rot of the fruit.

    Photographs and descriptions of the varieties of pepper are provided by Manul Breeding and Seed Company.

    Cultivation of sweet pepper

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 50-90 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are yellowish, when ripe orange-red, beautifully cone-shaped with a rounded tip, 3-chamber, weighing 80-160 g, wall thickness 6-7 mm. It is characterized by friendly fruiting, a good load of fruits on a bush (20-30 pieces), high decorative effect and excellent taste of fruits.

    Very early. The height of the bush is 60-70 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are yellow-orange, when ripe, orange-red, cone-shaped, weighing 170-220 g, wall thickness 5-6 mm. It is characterized by good fruiting, high yields, the fruits are very decorative, suitable for use at any stage of development. On the bush 13-17 fruits are formed.

    Violet: Big Dad, Bagheera.

    Among the most common and popular varieties of sweet peppers, such as Victoria, Moldova’s Gift, Crystal, Ruby, Novocherkassky 35, Kolobok, Gogoshary, Yubileiny 307, Meaty 7, Swallow, Donetsk Early, Large Yellow, Bulgarian 79, Rotunda should be highlighted. Go

    If, in addition to sweet pepper, it is grown and bitter, then another greenhouse is prepared for the seedlings, otherwise the pollen will be carried by the wind, and the sweet pepper will have a bitter aftertaste. You can plant a hot pepper in a flower garden, then the whole summer of a flower bed will be filled with red fruits. Harvest bitter pepper with only five bushes, enough for the whole year for a family of four.

    The following early varieties are best suited for a harsh climate:

    Good man Until technical ripeness is 95-100 days, the fruits are drooping, rounded, 100-110 g. In technical ripeness, the fruits are light green, and in the biological ripeness - red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 9-10 mm.

    Ruza F1. For cultivation in spring greenhouses. From germination to technical ripeness 82-104 days. The plants are tall, semi-sprawling, medium-leaved. Fruits are large, cone-shaped, with a blunt tip, smooth or slightly ribbed, drooping, green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness. The wall thickness of the fruit to 5 mm, weight 32-52 g. Taste is excellent, the flavor is average.

    Loyalty Early ripe, for cultivation in unheated film greenhouses, from germination to technical ripeness of fruit 103-106 days. The plants are standard, half sprawling, tall. Fruits are cone-shaped, elongated, smooth, with a pointed tip, drooping, of medium size. The color of fruits in technical ripeness is light green, in biological it is red. The wall thickness of the fruit 4-6 mm. Fruit weight 35-50 g. Taste is good, the flavor is average.

    Now just an abundance of different options, who likes what, the choice is great. But there are certain recommendations from leading agronomists, gardeners. Here we listen to them today. I will begin with varieties that grow well and bring great harvests in the Middle Belt and Moscow region.

    Pepper sweet varieties for the Moscow region

    Mummers

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 50-60 cm. Fruits in technical ripeness are dark green, when ripe, red, cone-shaped, weighing 130-180 g, wall thickness 6-7 mm.

    Jung

    • Orange: Orange miracle, Siberian bonus, ox ear.
    • In the southern regions, it grows well in the open field, but in more northern latitudes, the greatest yield from pepper is obtained in greenhouse conditions. Sweet pepper has a grassy stem, which eventually stiffens at the base. In places of branching plants appear single flowers.
    • In addition to the above, the best varieties of pepper for Siberia and the Urals include Triton, Kudesnik, Edino, Yantar, Buratino, Aries, Dawn, Alyonushka, Anlita, Bagheera, Red-skinned Leader, Swallow and others.
    • Gingerbread Man. Very compact early ripe grade. It is grown in open ground and in film shelter. On undersized bush ripen 3-4-chamber fruits with delicate pulp, 8-9 millimeters thick. The weight of one pepper is 80-90 grams. Pepper conquers with its taste in fresh and canned. The grade is removed in the Moldavian scientific research institute.

    Shooter. Until technical ripeness 93-95 days, height 40 cm. Fruits protruding, conical, 60 g, color is light green in technical ripeness, red - in the biological. The wall thickness of the fruit is 3.5-4 mm.

    Varieties of sweet peppers for Siberia

    Snegirek F1 is a high-yielding hybrid for glazed and film greenhouses. Until technical ripeness 100-115 days. The plants are tall, prism-shaped fruits, large, 10-11 cm long, 7-8 cm in diameter. In technical ripeness dark green, in biological ripeness red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 6-7.5 mm. Fruit weight 110-140 g. Taste is good. Resistant to TMV. The recommended age of seedlings is 70 days.

    • Winnie the Pooh. Early, to technical ripeness 100-110 days. Differs amicable, simultaneous ripening of fruits. Fruits are well kept. Растения штамбовые, компактные, с букетным расположением плодов, низкорослые, 25-30 см. Плоды конусовидные, некрупные, в технической спелости светло-зеленые, в биологической - красные. Масса плода 40-80 г. Этот сорт высаживается загущено.​
    • ​Сорт среднеспелый, подходит и для теплиц и для открытых грунтов. Цвет красный, плоды весом 80-120 граммов.​

    ​Раннеспелый. Высота куста 70-150 см. Плоды в технической спелости светло-зеленые, при созревании - ярко-красные, конусовидные, массой 250-300 г, толщина стенки 6-7мм. Характеризуется высокой урожайностью, оригинальной окраской плодов и нетребовательностью к условиям выращивания. Устойчив к вирусу табачной мозаики.​

    Лучшие сорта сладкого перца для открытого грунта и пленочных укрытий

    It is characterized by a good load of fruits on a bush (8-15 pieces), high taste qualities of fruits. Suitable for compacted fit.

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 50-60 cm. Fruits in technical ripeness are dark green, when ripe, red, cone-shaped, weighing 130-180 g, wall thickness 6-7 mm.

    All of these varieties differ in color and shape of the fruit, the size of the bush, but all of them are characterized by rapid maturation.

    Sweet pepper is a self-pollinating culture, but sometimes it is pereopylyaetsya insects. Plantings of bell peppers should be located away from the hot pepper beds, as they can inter-pollinate each other, resulting in a bitter aftertaste in the fruit.

    There are many varieties of sweet (Bulgarian) chilli pepper. All of them differ not only in color, shape, thickness of the walls of the fruit and its size. Sweet pepper, which varieties also differ in purpose and taste, is a thermophilic culture of the Solanaceae family. In the conditions of our country it is grown in a seedling way. Many novice gardeners are wondering how to grow sweet peppers in the country?

    Topolyn. The variety is distinguished by high-quality and very large fruits. Their weight can reach 150 grams. Fruiting occurs in 110 days. Fruits are conical in shape, dark red in color with thin walls. Tall bushes are grown on the trellis, forming in two stalks, undersized - in standard form, not tying. Pepper Topolin is disease-resistant, therefore it has a high overall yield of 40–50 t / ha.

    Merchant. Plant height 75-85 cm. The fruit is drooping, cylindrical, weight up to 130 g, color from green to red. The wall thickness of the fruit 4-5 mm.

    Fidelio F1. Early ripening, from germination to technical ripeness 80-90 days. Plant height 90-100 cm. Fruits are cuboid, silvery-white. The wall thickness of the fruit 7-8 mm. Mass of the fetus 170-180 g. Resistant to TMV.

    Dennis F1 - the most large-fruited, thick-walled, high-yielding, early ripening. Fruit length is 18 cm, diameter is 10 cm, fruits are red, excellent taste.

    The variety is middle-ripening, the fruits weigh an average of 110-140 grams. Very well kept, the color is red.

    F1 Pinocchio

    It is characterized by a good load of fruits on a bush (8-15 pieces), high taste qualities of fruits. Suitable for compacted fit.

    Since sweet pepper is a heat-loving culture, hybrid varieties are grown in the climate of Siberia, which are adapted to the conditions existing there. The best results are obtained by cultivating it in protected ground in greenhouses and greenhouses. For obtaining good yields in Siberian conditions, only early varieties are used:

    Sweet pepper differs from other crops in a rather long growing season. The best varieties of sweet pepper (according to gardeners) are early-ripening varieties in which technical ripeness in protected ground occurs approximately 100 days after germination. That is why this crop, both in the middle latitudes and in the south, is grown through seedlings. At the same time, seeds of sweet early thick-walled pepper are sown in boxes with fertile soil substrate in early February.

    The basis of success in the cultivation of this vegetable is the correct selection of its varieties and compliance with the requirements of agricultural engineering. The best grades of sweet pepper with a photo and the description are provided below.

    Siberia has a harsh continental climate with a short summer. Therefore, in vegetable experimental stations, varieties adapted to the local climate are displayed. They are middle-ripening, ripen in 95-120 days with high yields.

    Florida Early, for film greenhouses, to technical ripeness 92-102 days, short. Fruits are tied under any conditions, flat-round fruits, 110-130 g, wall thickness 9-10 mm. Resistant to vertex rot.

    Chrysolite F1. Early ripening, from germination to technical ripeness 105-110 days. The plants are standard, tall, half-sprawling. Fruits are large, cone-shaped, smooth or slightly ribbed. Fruit color is light green in technical ripeness, red - in biological.

    Dobrynya. Early ripening, from germination to technical ripeness of fruit 88-92 days. The plants are standard, medium-leafy, medium branchy, tall. Prism-shaped, glossy, drooping, large fruits, in technical ripeness - light green, in biological - red. The wall thickness of the fruit 4-5 mm. Fruit weight 85-90 g. Taste is good. Resistant to TMV.

    The variety is mid-season; fruits reach 200 grams. Suitable for both greenhouses and open ground. very resistant to diseases.

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 80-100 cm. Fruits in technical ripeness are dark green, when ripe, brown, drooping, prismlike, weighing 180-200 g, wall thickness 5-6 mm. It is characterized by good fruit set, continuous fruit bearing, fruits have a high content of vitamin C and carotene.

    Chord

    Reds: Siberian Firstborn, Winnie the Pooh, Early Miracle, Agapovsky, Alyosha Popovich, Viking, Merchant, Lastochka, Korenovsky, Kolobok, Atlant, Novosibirsk, Red Shovel, Chardash, Belozerka, Funtik, Topolyn, Red Giant.

    Sweet pepper is a rather demanding and thermophilic culture. Its seeds germinate most quickly at a temperature of 25–27 ° C. These plants develop best at 20–23 ° C. It is noteworthy that when the ambient air temperature drops to 13 ° C, sweet peppers seedlings and even adult plants stop growing.

    Breeders have deduced many varieties of this crop. Its fruits, which are a multi-seeded false berry, have a diverse shape: from the trunk to the tomato-shaped (round). Fruit color can be: yellow, orange, green, red, violet and even almost white.

    Breeders offer hybrid best varieties of peppers for Siberia:

    Pilgrim F1. Early, large-fruited, for growing in greenhouses. Plants tall, up to 220 cm. Formed in 2 stalks. Fruits weighing 120-140 g, thick-walled, 8 mm. The taste is excellent, resistant to TMV. Planted 3 plant / square. m. Age of seedlings 75 days.

    Anniversary 307 - an early ripe grade. From germination to technical ripeness 100-110 days, to biological - 130-140 days. Plant height 40-70 cm. Fruits are elongated-cone-shaped, smooth or slightly finted. The length of the fruit is 7-14 cm, diameter 4-6 cm. The color of the fruit is light yellow in technical ripeness, red - in biological. The average weight of the fetus 45-70 g.

    Single F1. High-yielding, plant height 55-65 cm. Fruits are red, cubical, thick-walled (8 mm), long (12 cm). Tastes are good.

    The variety is early ripe, well reflects the attacks of diseases, many gardeners praise. And in the ground, and in the greenhouse can be planted. Fruits 80 - 90 grams.

    Barguzin

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 50-70 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are green, when ripe - red, large, cone-shaped, weighing 140-180, wall thickness 5-7 mm.

    Orange: Siberian Bonus, Orange Miracle.

    When the first leaves appear, the seedlings dive according to the 6x6 or 7x7 cm scheme in boxes or 1 plant in peat pots or plastic cups. Before planting in open ground, pepper seedlings are hardened for 7-10 days. It is best to plant the plants with 7-9 formed leaves on a permanent place. Seedlings are planted in the open ground only when the threat of spring frosts is over, since it is already dying at 0 ° C. Planted in rows, the distance between which is 40-45 cm. The interval between peppers should be 30-40 cm. It can be reduced when planting compact, short-growing varieties.

    In sweet pepper there are such varieties:

    Siberian firstborn - mid-season sweet pepper, bred at the West Siberian vegetable experimental station. The height of the bush is 40-45 centimeters, the length of the fruit is 9 centimeters, the wall thickness is 8-10 millimeters, the average fruit weight is 49-53 grams. Red or yellow pyramidal pepper with sweet juicy pulp. The harvest can be collected in 100-110 days at the rate of 3.5-4 kg / m2.

    Golden rain. Early ripe, with beautiful yellow fruits. Height is 65-80 cm, fruits are flat-round, ribbed, wall thickness up to 7 mm.

    Jubilee Semko F1 - an early ripe hybrid, up to technical ripeness of 90-100 days. Plants sredneroslye. Fruits are cone-shaped, from light green to red, weight 110-130 g. Pericarp 5-6 mm.

    Dawn for growing in greenhouses with thick planting. The plants are low, the stem is thick, the fruits are large, prismlike, vertically hanging, fleshy, color from cream to red.

    Also an early ripe grade of pepper. It is grown in greenhouses, gives abundant crops, fruits up to 150 grams.

    Smile

    Characterized by a close return of the crop and excellent taste. The crop is formed on two tiers. On the bush 12-18 fruits are formed. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, verticillosis.

    All of the above varieties are suitable for growing under film cover. They have time to ripen in just 70-80 days.

    The beds under the sweet pepper are fertilized in autumn. For this, 4-5 kg ​​of rotted humus or vegetable compost per 1 sq. plot or greenhouse. In the soil make 20-30 g of complex mineral fertilizers per 1 sq. M. This soil fertilization can be carried out a few days before planting in spring.

    Early, which allow in a short time to get a good harvest. These varieties are suitable for cultivation in northern latitudes. The most popular among them are:

    For the cultivation in closed ground in the Central Siberian Botanical Garden, the early Novosibirsk variety has been selected. Typically, pepper seeds in Siberia are sown in February. After a couple of months, the sprouts are transplanted into the greenhouse soil. Fruits ripen in 95-100 days, yield - 3.5-4 kg / m2. On the bush, up to 100 centimeters high, are bright red single fruits, weighing 50-58 grams. The thickness of the pulp of such peppers is from 4 to 6 millimeters.

    Western Very early, with a compact bush (30-35 cm). The fruits are beautiful, bright, 60-100 g. Fruiting is friendly, unpretentious, relatively shade tolerant. You can grow on the window in the loggia.

    Sweetie. Early ripening, from germination to technical ripeness 85-95 days. The plant is short, the fruit is located horizontally, flat-round, smooth, color from light green to red, weighing 40-50 g. The wall thickness of the fruit is 6-7 mm. Excellent taste, with a strong pepper flavor.

    Health for growing in greenhouses. From germination to maturity 75-85 days. Semi-sprawling plants, 60 cm high. The color of fruits from light green to red. Fruits weighing 40-60 g. Wall thickness 4 mm. On one plant to 15 fruits at the same time.

    And now the best in the ranking of sweet pepper varieties for the Urals, Siberia, Altai, and the Far East.

    Very early. The height of the bush is 70 cm. Fruits in technical ripeness are dark green, when ripe they are red, long conical, weighing 80-120 g, wall thickness 5 mm.

    Eroshka

    To obtain the highest possible yield, timely care for the plants and the creation of the most favorable conditions are required. Sweet peppers are planted in well-lit areas, protected from the wind. With a lack of light, plants are pulled out and shed flowers and ovaries. The soil for this type of pepper must be fertile, light and neutral in acidity. It should be constantly hydrated. Lack of moisture greatly inhibits the growth of plants, so without regular watering, they become dwarf, and the fruits - small and ugly.

    The swallow is a medium early variety for greenhouses and film shelters. Fruits are cone-shaped up to 80 g. Wall thickness is 5-6 mm. In biological ripeness, the fruits are red.

    A very promising variety of mid-seasoned pepper Sibiryak, belonging to the variety of sweet peppers for Siberia. This is a low bush (an average of 60 centimeters) with cubic fruits. Even under adverse conditions, the fruits are tied up and you can collect 6-7 kilograms per square meter. Fruits of red color, fleshy, large on 100-150 grams, well tolerate transportation. From shoots of sprouts to technical ripeness, 115-118 days pass. Pepper is recommended for cultivation in heated and unheated, as well as in winter greenhouses. The grade is entered in the State register of the Russian Federation.

    Red bell. Ultrafast, for greenhouses, can be grown on the balcony window.

    Ox ear

    This variety is mid-season, the fruits are very large, 200 - 300 grams. Juicy, thick-walled, blue black color, but it becomes ripe with a reddish tint. Grows well in greenhouses.

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 80-100 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are green, when ripe - red, dense, heavy, juicy, directed upwards, heart-like prism-shaped, weighing 160-260 g, wall thickness 8-10 mm. It is characterized by high taste qualities of fruits, increased keeping quality and transportability, weak flaking of flowers.

    Orange king

    Very early. The height of the bush is 60-70 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are yellow-orange, when ripe, orange-red, cone-shaped, weighing 170-220 g, wall thickness 5-6 mm. It is characterized by good fruiting, high yields, the fruits are very decorative, suitable for use at any stage of development. On the bush 13-17 fruits are formed.

    Not every pepper will have time to grow and ripen in a short summer, with a lack of heat and light. This requires stunted, ripening, resistant to low temperatures unpretentious varieties. So, their fruits will be quite unlike sweet juicy fleshy southern peppers? Not at all. Old varieties suitable for Black Earth, and indeed did not have a special taste. Herbaceous and dryish, with thin walls, the peppers were good only for blanks. But thanks to the success of breeders today gardeners have plenty to choose from. There were new items with the fruits of the most diverse colors, from pale yellow to violet, not to mention orange, red, burgundy, large and small, round, cuboid and cone-shaped. At the same time they have a compact bush, which facilitates the care of plantings, is cold-resistant, does not require complex shelters for cultivation, is resistant to diseases, tasty and fruitful.

    Bell peppers are sensitive to excess nitrogen. At the same time, plants grow green mass rapidly, but the number of flowers and ovaries decreases.

    Golden calf

    In the Urals, it is customary to grow peppers in the open field, but under a film cover or in an unheated greenhouse. Seedlings are planted at the end of May: in the greenhouse - the numbers 20-25, in the open ground - May 25-30. Despite the capricious and harsh weather, vegetable growers in the mountainous region each year are pleased with numerous varieties of peppers for the Urals. Early varieties always have time to “give” the harvest in summer, since they ripen on average in three months.

    Atlant F1. Early ripe, large-fruited, plant height up to 1 m, fruit weight 400-500 g, thickness of the pericarp up to 10 mm. Resistant to TMV.

    F1 Charm. Plants are vigorous, with long growth, continuous flowering and fruit formation. The fruit is cone-shaped, color from light green to red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 6-6.5 mm. Content of vitamin C is up to 120 mg%.

    Kerala F1. Early, high-yielding, plant height 50-60 cm, the fruits are yellow, barrel-shaped, thick-walled, 11-12 cm long, diameter 9-10 cm, with a high content of beta-carotene. Used for stuffing.

    Early varieties of sweet peppers for the Urals and Siberia


    A variety of early ripeness. The walls are juicy and plump, pepper weight 150 - 300 grams. Incredibly delicious, tolerates frost well.

    In early August, they nip the tops of the stems and remove all the buds and flowers that no longer have time to ripen before the onset of autumn. After 10-15 days, the operation is repeated. During the growing season, tall peppers are tied to stakes or trellis 2-3 times.

    Madonna F1 - an early hybrid with cubical fruits. Their mass reaches 200 g. The wall thickness is 6-7 mm. In biological maturity, the fruits are yellow.

    To early ripe varieties include:
    Freckle F1 - an early hybrid. Plant height up to 1 m. Able to tie fruit even under adverse conditions. Fruits are orange, prism-shaped, with a wall thickness of 6-7 mm. Resistant to diseases.

    Sweet banana. Very early, the fruits are banana-shaped, 15-17 cm long, 4-6 cm in diameter. The color of the fruit varies from light yellow to orange-red. Fruitful, taste good.

    Gingerbread Man. Early ripe, for cultivation in film greenhouses. The plant is half-tall, short (20-30 cm), leafy. The fruits ripen amicably. The fruits are round, smooth, slightly ribbed, the skin and tender flesh are tender. The length of the fruit is 5-5.5 cm, diameter - 7-8 cm. The color of the fruit varies from light green to dark red. The walls of the fruit are thick (7-8 mm). Fruit weight 100-160 g. Taste is excellent.

    An early ripe variety with fruits up to 600 grams, if this is, of course, not an advertising move. Thick-walled fruits are juicy, sweet. Perfect for canning!

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 70-100 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are green, when ripe - red, cone-shaped, weighing 180-250 g, wall thickness 6-7 mm. It is characterized by stable yield, good fruit taste (suitable for food at early stages of development). Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 70-100 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are light green, when ripe, red, conical, weighing 160-190 g, wall thickness 6 mm. Характеризуется высокими вкусовыми качествами плодов, пригодностью для консервирования. Устойчив к вирусу табачной мозаики, вертициллезу.​

    ​Раннеспелый. Высота куста 50-60 см. Плоды в технической спелости темно-зеленые, при созревании - красные, конусовидной формы, массой 130-180 г, толщина стенки 6-7 мм.​

    ​Очень ранний. Высота куста 30-50 см. Плоды в технической спелости светло-зеленые, при созревании оранжево-красные, кубовидной формы, массой 140-180 г, толщина стенки - 5 мм. Характеризуется дружной отдачей урожая и высокой нагрузкой плодов (до 16 штук на кусте). Сорт идеален для уплотненных посадок ленточным способом (через 12-15 см). Устойчив к вирусу табачной мозаики, вертициллезу, вершинной гнили.​

    For feeding of sweet pepper, use diluted bird droppings or mullein mixture with superphosphate. You can also feed phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

    Dwarf - an early variety with a short stalk (up to 40 cm) and cone-shaped thick-walled fruits (up to 80 g). In technical ripeness has a yellowish color.

    Montero. This is a sweet pepper with a height of 100-120 centimeters with prism-shaped red fruits. Its fruits reach a mass of 240-260 grams, a record weight of the fruit - 940 grams. The wall thickness is about 7 millimeters. The variety has excellent taste and unpretentiousness. It can be grown in all types of greenhouses. Gather 7-16 kilograms of pepper per square meter.

    Topolyn. Early, from germination to technical ripeness 100-110 days. Fruits up to 150 g.

    F1 Filippok. Early ripe, to technical ripeness about 80 days. The plants are low, mild-leafed. Fruits are small, 50-60 g, cubic, tasty, suitable for whole-canning. The wall thickness of the fruit 4-5 mm.

    Sturdy. Early ripening, high-yielding, with abundant fruiting, close ripening of fruits, from germination to fruit ripening for 103-122 days. The plant is compact, 37-55 cm tall, the fruits are cone-shaped, with a blunt top, smooth and slightly wavy, protruding upward, the color of fruits from yellow to red. Fruit weight 70-75 g.

    The variety is mid-season, very delicate in taste. Fruit weight 150 - 250 grams. Also perfectly preserved, you can even salt!

    It is characterized by a good load of fruits on a bush (8-15 pieces), high taste qualities of fruits. Suitable for compacted fit.

    During the growing season it is necessary to regularly remove weeds and loosen the soil. Fruits of sweet pepper can be picked unripe (in the stage of technical ripeness). In the phase of biological ripeness, they contain more sugar, but if you wait for the full ripening of the fruit on the bush, then the total yield will be much lower.

    Winnie the Pooh is an early variety with a small stem of 30 cm. Designed for open ground and film shelters. Its medium-sized fruits (up to 50 g) are distinguished by ripening.

    Merchant. It takes a little more than two months to ripen the fruit. On the bushes appear peppers weighing about 70 grams with fleshy walls - 5-7 millimeters. The yield of the variety Merchant is 2-3 kg / m2. Pepper has a high content of ascorbic acid.

    Memphis. Early, productive, for cultivation in greenhouses. Fruiting is long-lasting, resistant to diseases.

    F1 gullible. Early, fruitful, for film greenhouses, srednerosly. Fruits are oblong-pyramidal, weighing 75-100 g. The wall thickness of the fruit is 6-8 mm. In technical ripeness, the fruits are light green, in biological - red.

    Latino F1. Early ripening, from germination to technical ripeness 100-110 days. Plant height up to 100 cm. Fruits are cuboid, bright red, thick-walled (up to 10 mm), fruit weight 180-200 g. Resistant to TMV.

    The variety is middle-ripening, fruit weight 100 - 200 grams. Delicious, juicy, pleasant in all forms. And in the salad and in the winter.

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 80 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are green, when ripe - yellow, long, conical, weighing 170-200 g, wall thickness 6 mm. Characterized by consistent fruiting, adaptability to different growing conditions, the fruits are good fresh. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus.

    Many gardeners want to start growing sweet peppers in their summer cottages, but they do not know which varieties to choose for this or that region.

    Mid-season, which is recommended to grow in central Russia in greenhouses, and in the south - in the open. On country sites use the following varieties:

    Pioneer Bred in the Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Vegetable and Melon-Growing in 1987, recommended for cultivation on the Ural lands. Early ripe vegetables need 116-135 days to ripen. The height of the culture is 70 centimeters, the fruit is a red cone with a sharp tip. Pepper weighing 55 grams, wall thickness - 4 millimeters. The harvest, though low, is 0.8 kg / m2, but in open ground.

    The use of early ripe varieties and hybrids will allow you to get a harvest of vitamin fruits in the early stages. These varieties and hybrids require virtually no formation. It is only necessary to remove the shoots and leaves that form below the main branch of the stem.

    Chocolate beauty. Early, thick-walled, with high sugar content in fruits.

    The early F1 miracle is an early-ripening hybrid of the first generation, from germination to technical ripeness, 90-100 days. Plant height 100-120 cm. Prism-shaped, bright red fruits. The wall thickness of the fruit is 7 mm. Fruit weight 240-260 g. Resistant to TMV.

    These were the best varieties of sweet peppers for growing. Try, well, and share your impressions of the harvest!

    Early ripe. The height of the bush is 50-70 cm. The fruits in technical ripeness are green, when ripe - red, large, cone-shaped, weighing 140-180, wall thickness 5-7 mm.

    There are many varieties of this crop, which are successfully grown in the suburbs. Moreover, some early ripe hybrids and traditional varieties have time to mature even when grown in open ground.

    Maria F1 is a high-yielding hybrid, the stem of which reaches 85 cm in height. Fruits are flat-rounded, ribbed. Ripe peppers are red in color. Fruit weight is about 100 g, wall thickness is 6-7 mm.

    Winnie the Pooh - a variety of early pepper. 110 days pass from germination to fruit ripening. The plant is compact, low - 30 centimeters. By the end of the season, a lot of small red cones appear in the bouquet. Fruits ripen almost simultaneously.

    "Yellow" and "Red Bull"

    "Red Bull"

    The ripening period of the "Red Bull" is small. The fruits of this variety reach a mass of 200 g. Pepper grows up to 20 cm. The shape of the fruit is elongated, the maximum number of chambers in the pepper is 4. The walls of the Red Bull are thick. Initially, the pepper is green, after removing reddens within 5 days. A distinctive feature of the variety is that all the seeds that gardeners sow, sprout. Peppers need to be grown in a greenhouse, the best option - polycarbonate greenhouse. But in the southern part of the country it can be planted on the garden bed. The plant is tall, can grow up to 1.5 m.

    "Red Bull" does not suffer from tobacco mosaic virus. It is also not susceptible to any diseases that sick nightshade.

    Yellow Bull

    The Yellow Bull is a hybrid species. It grows up to 20 cm. If you cut it in two, it will be 8 cm in cross section. The wall thickness is 10 mm. The average weight of the fruit - from 200 to 250 g, and the maximum weight can be 400 g. The surface of the "Yellow Bull" resembles a gloss, the skin is tender. The shape of the fruit resembles a truncated cone. "Yellow bull" has outside up to 4 faces. Peduncle dented. While the pepper is growing, it has a green color, and over time it turns yellow. The flesh is tender and juicy. This is a very tasty vegetable.

    Variety grows to 1.5 m, has a good growth. Harvesting carried out after 3.5 months after germination of seedlings. The average time of ripening is from 3.5 to 4 months.

    "Yellow bull" is not afraid of drought, but does not like the wind. Gives a good harvest, it is up to 9 kg / sq. m when grown in open ground and up to 20 kg / sq. m, if the pepper grows in a closed greenhouse. The fruit is different "marketability". It is stored for a long time, well transported.

    It is used in canned, raw, boiled and stewed form.

    "Pioneer" - an early ripe look. Its unripe color is green, and when ripe it changes to red. "Pioneer" grows up to 12 cm. The weight of the fetus ranges from 70 to 100 g, the shape is similar to a prism, the flesh is tender. This is a sweet juicy vegetable, its wall thickness is from 8 to 10 mm. The minimum height of a bush is 70 cm, and the maximum reaches 1 m. There are a few leaves on a plant, a half-spreading bush. "Pioneer" - a high-yielding vegetable. Productivity ranges from 9 to 12 kg per 1 square. m. The plant needs to be watered and loosened the earth in time, and also to conduct dressing.

    Grade "Pioneer" disease-resistant, does not suffer from tobacco mosaic. It is stored for a long time and is well transported, it is a “commodity” variety.

    This pepper is very tasty. In cooking, it is used for canning. Grow it in Russia, Ukraine and Moldova.

    "Montero" - an early ripe grade. From the appearance of sprouts to ripening of seedless fruits, it can take about 12 weeks. The usual height of the bush - about 1 m, but it can grow and higher. The shape of the fruit "Montero" resembles a red prism. The average weight ranges from 240 to 260 g, and the maximum mass of the fetus was recorded in 2002 and was 940 g. The wall of the fetus has a thickness of 7 mm. This is a very tasty pepper.

    This variety of pepper should grow in a greenhouse. The plant does not suffer from tobacco mosaic. Its productivity is from 7 to 16 kg per 1 sq. M. m

    This review presented the main varieties of pepper for growing in the Urals. And which ones are the best - you decide.

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