My love for the blackberry was born in childhood. Now I am learning to grow it in my garden, while making mistakes. But not in agricultural technology, but in the choice of varieties.
The first one turned out to be a savage who managed to braid fences, occupy territory, and did not want to grow on the supports that I had created for him. I had to part with it. Second grade Orkan good! And you could stop by finding the right one. Well, buy another one or two saplings of other varieties.
Spikes on the leaves. There are many of them, on some it is a real brush for combing down and wool. Apparently in nature, thorns protect plants well.
So it rested! I saw last year in the store of the Institute of Lisavenko in Barnaul Himalayan blackberry saplings. Themselves seedlings did not see, I saw a line in the list of plants sold. And gave a blunder. Could not resist bought. Bought without knowing anything about the plant. Because it was far from home, to this shop I go 3 hours and almost 200 kilometers.
Last year it was a small, but already thorny, creeping plant. And now it's a snag, which pulls in all directions, not only creeping shoots, but also long, almost upright branches.
The spikes are very evil. Inadvertently grazed their ankles, so the scratches were so deep with ragged edges that they healed for more than three weeks. Scratches were on the skin in parallel lines, there were at least a dozen of them.
She parted with him, because you have to see what kind of berries she grows. It turned out that the berries to match the bush. Dull and small. There are not enough stone farms in them, big berries will not grow.
This is such a beauty, not a berry. Just about a dozen of the drupes. I tore it off, there were no injuries, because I cut the branch beforehand and laid it with the help of a flat cutter, as I need.
Today I am saving my lot from it, the Himalayan blackberry, so that later it would not be painfully painful to cut and dig, because the thorns are huge. And they are not only on the stems! They are on the back surface of the leaves. The older the leaf, the more powerful the spikes. Even the most delicious berries are not needed, if it is impossible to reach them.
Blackberry Himalayas: variety description
Blackberry is the closest relative of raspberry, but differs in taste and color of berries. To get a good harvest of blackberry, you need to choose the right variety for the strip in which it will grow.
In recent years, this culture is of increasing interest. Having a large variety of varieties, however, each of them differs in some features in the care and cultivation.
Blackberry berries, leaves and flowers can be used for medicinal purposes. They contain tannins and volatile antibiotics that act on the upper respiratory tract as an antiseptic.
The blackberry variety Himalaya is a shrub with a perennial rhizome. The shoots are pentahedral in shape, and the leaves have 3-5 leaflets. The flowers are large, bisexual, self-pollinated. Depending on how the stems grow, the blackberry belongs to the group of dwarf shrubs with sagging stems that have thorns of 1 centimeter.
The period of flowering blackberry variety Himalayas is quite large - from early May to August. The variety is early, but the harvest is going in several stages, as the ripening of the berries is stretched. The berries are large, sweet, juicy, mature black or black-red color, very pleasant taste.
Blackberry Himalayas: planting and care
Blackberry variety Himalayas grows well and bears fruit in sunny and warm places. The soil should have a light texture, humus, to be breathable and loose.
To reproduce blackberries at the end of July - mid-August, the ends of the shoots are tilted and dropped by 10-15 cm in moist soil. In the fall and spring of next year, rooting will occur, and you will get a seedling ready for planting. It is important to save the shoots from freezing by mulching.
Blackberry seedlings are best planted in a small trench in the fall at the end of September or in the spring in April, without waiting for the high temperature of the air, so that the seedlings have time to settle down. After planting, the sprout of the blackberry is cut off, and 20-25 centimeters are left of it over the soil, they must be watered, spud and fertilized.
Blackberry garden planting and care
It is very rare to see such a guest of berry origin as blackberry at dachas, although in its taste and useful qualities it is not inferior to the same raspberry.
Blackberry tornfri variety description
The blackberry variety Tornfrey was bred in the 60s. in the US in the state of Maryland, hence its name is the Maryland BlackBerry.
Blackberry variety Agaveam: description
In the second half of the 19th century in North America a new variety of blackberry was bred - Agave. Her ancestor, presumably, was a wild thorny plant with dark, almost black berries.
Growing blackberries in the country: care and reproduction
Practically everyone will want to grow a blackberry at home in the garden. But what you need to know before embarking on the landing?
Blackberry variety Himalaya: description
Blackberry is the closest relative of raspberry, but differs in taste and color of berries. To get a good blackberry harvest is necessary.
Blackberry Ruben remontantny grade: description, care
Blackberry repair grade Blackberry was bred by American breeders not so long ago, in 2011. The culture is very hardy and high-yielding.
Blackberry Loch Ness: variety description
The Loch Ness variety was obtained by the Swedish breeder P. Jennings in 1990 on the basis of raspberries, logan berries and European blackberries.
Blackberry variety of Kiov: description, characteristics
Blackberry Kiova is a hybrid, self-pollinating, large-fruited variety, bred and patented in the USA.
Blackberry variety Triple Crown: description
Blackberry variety The Triple Crown is bred by Oregon breeders in the United States. This blackberry is the leader among the varieties of late ripening.
Blackberry variety Polar: description
Blackberries of this variety are distinguished by the absence of thorns and their resistance to low temperatures. Blackberry variety Polar was bred in 2008 in Poland.
Blackberry Sizaya - perennial prickly dwarf shrub of the family Pink (Rubus caesius) from 100 to 150 cm.
Blackberry useful properties and contraindications
In order to understand what is the use of blackberry, you need to find out exactly what substances it contains.
Blackberry variety Black Satin: description
Black Slate blackberry is distinguished by large, black and shiny, as if lacquered, berries.
Blackberry variety Natchez: description
Blackberry Natchez (Natchez) - considered the earliest variety, berries, fully ripened at the time when other varieties are still completely green fruit.
Blackberry variety Loch Tay: description
Blackberry Loch Tay (Loch Tay) - refers to a number of the earliest varieties of blackberry. Variety Loch Tey was bred at the Institute of Plant Industry in Scotland.
Navajo variety blackberries: description
Blackberry (Navaho) Navajo, belongs to a number of hybrid varieties.
Brzezina cultivar blackberry: description
Blackberry variety Brzezina - Polish, 2012 - is the perfect choice of gardeners of our strip.
Blackberry variety Triple Crown: description
Blackberry variety Triple Crown, bred by American breeders, is an example of a job well done.
Blackberry Thornless Evergreen: description, fit, care
Evergeern Thornless is a berryless fruitless variety with a refreshing, sweet, sour taste and abundantly fruiting.
Blackberry variety Black Magic: description
Blackberry variety Black Magic refers to the remontant variety.
Blackberry Chef Joseph: description, characteristics
Blackberry Chief Joseph (Chief Joseph) is named after the leader of one of the Indian tribes who fought for independence in North America - the leader Joseph.
Blackberry Nesskaya (Cumanica) - a shrub with straight, faceted, studded with spikes stems and slightly tilted tip.
Blackberry variety Apache: description
The blackberry variety, which received the rather original name Apache, was bred at the end of the last century, but was registered only in 2001.
Blackberry variety Karaka Black: description, characteristics
This variety of blackberry Karak Black, like most blackberry varieties, is the development of New Zealand breeders. Got it by crossing varieties such as "Aurora" and "Comanche."
Blackberry variety Chestern Tornless: description
Chester Thornless is a frost-resistant blackberry variety, bred in the middle of the 20th century in the laboratories of the American University.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main advantages of this variety:
- unpretentious care, does not need special care in the summer,
- winter hardy,
- disease resistant
- self-pollinating variety,
- has early ripening and prolonged fruiting,
- high taste characteristics of berries.
The disadvantage can be called demanding of the soil. Only in a fertile, light soil with good drainage can a plant produce high yields.
How to choose the seedlings
If you decide to grow blackberries on your plot, you need to start with the selection of seedlings.
There are some rules according to which you need to buy planting material, because the survival rate and productivity of a plant will largely depend on its quality:
- The number of skeletal roots - at least 2-3 pieces.
- One main escape.
- Lack of leaves on the stem.
- The length of the aerial parts - from 40 cm.
- The length of the root part - from 15 cm and more.
- Age of seedlings - 1-2 years.
You should also carefully examine the seedlings: they must be strong and healthy looking, not overdried or shriveled, without signs of damage, stains, rotted areas, without signs of disease and the presence of parasites.
It is advisable to buy planting material in specialized nurseries and farms, where the quality control of seedlings is carried out by various specialists.
Growth and soil preparation
This variety shows increased demands on the soil and place of growth.
Place for landing must meet the following characteristics:
- It should be well illuminated by the sun, but light partial shade is also suitable. You can not plant shrubs in strongly shaded places, because to wait for a good harvest in this case will not work. The lack of sunlight leads to the stretching of the shoots, reducing the berries and the deterioration of their taste, to reduce the hardiness of the bush.
- The site should be reliably protected from the winter winds.
- It is impossible to choose lowlands and other areas where precipitation and melt water accumulate for the landing site. The soil should not be too wet. The depth of groundwater should be at least one and a half meters.
- It is optimal to choose places with fertile, loamy soils with good drainage and at the same time high moisture capacity. The reaction of the soil should be neutral or slightly acidic (pH 6-6.6). Very bad blackberry fruits on carbonate, sandy soils.
- When planting bushes near a fence or wall, it is necessary to retreat by 1 m to ensure normal plant growth, as well as to simplify the care and harvest.
Optimally plant a blackberry in this class in April before warming. The manufacturer also allows autumn planting in late September - early October. In general, planting time depends on the region: in the southern regions, where the risk of winter freezing of seedlings is minimal, blackberries can be planted both in the fall before winter and in spring.
In more northern regions, including in the middle lane, it is desirable to carry out planting in the spring.
If you plant a blackberry in the spring, the soil on the site must be prepared in autumn. First, it must be dug up to a depth of 30-50 cm, cleaned of residues of roots, weeds. You also need to make fertilizer from this calculation: per 1 sq. M. 10 kg of humus, 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium-containing fertilizers are required.
For clayey soil, you will need to add a small amount of peat and sand.
How to plant a blackberry
Plant this variety is best trench method. The planting scheme is as follows: the distance between the rows is about 2.5 m, the distance between the bushes in the same row is 1.5-2 m. If possible, it is desirable to position the ridges from north to south.
Remember that the harvest depends largely on the area of plant nutrition, because it is advisable to reduce the distance between the bushes only under the condition of intensive agricultural practices. At home, when amateur growing a small number of bushes to reduce the distance should not be.
After choosing a place for blackberry, you need to follow this step-by-step procedure for planting seedlings:
- Prepare and install the trellis. It can be made of wooden stakes or metal pipes. They go deeper by 50-70 cm at the edges of the row. Horizontally on the supports, the wire is tensioned at a height of 50 cm, 100 cm, 150 cm and 200 cm.
- Dig trenches. The trench depth is 30-45 cm.
- The extracted soil should be mixed with organic fertilizers at the rate of: on 1 sq. m. add 0.5 st. ash, 100 g of superphosphate, 25 g of potassium sulfate, a little organic (up to 5 kg).
- In seedlings, you need to slightly cut the healthy roots, and dry ones should be completely removed, if any.
- Cover the ground at 1/3, lay 10-15 cm of humus, pour abundantly. When moisture is absorbed, you need to carefully lower the sapling and sprinkle with residual earth. The depth of the root bud should be about 2 cm - no more, no less (in the first case, it does not break through, and in the second it can dry out or wither). Then the earth is well compacted and plentifully watered. Mandatory actions at the end are hilling and mulching (you can use straw, peat, sawdust or humus).
After planting, the bushes will need competent care so that they can please with a bountiful and tasty harvest.
Blackberry, including its variety, is a drought-resistant crop, as it has a developed, deep-rooted root system and branched shoots that create shade at the roots. However, it is impossible to prevent drying and hardening of the earthy coma.
Watering the bushes is necessary based on temperature and weather conditions. On hot summer days, plants need more water, but it is impossible to overdo it and plant a bog under bushes.
The first 1.5-2 months after planting the seedlings need to produce weekly watering in the evening. Next, you need to moisten the soil during the flowering and ripening of berries. For watering, defend and warm the water in the sun.
Fertilizer and dressing
The quantity and frequency of fertilization depends on several factors: soil fertility, planting density and number of bushes, desired plant productivity. Like any berry plant, blackberries need basic minerals: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc and copper.
When fertilizing this crop, it is necessary to follow this rule: nitrogenous substances are introduced in the springtime, potassium and phosphorus preparations are introduced in the autumn.
To obtain moderate yields, it is necessary to carry out the following fertilizing after 2-3 years from planting bushes: one adult plant will require up to 7 kg of humus, 40 g of nitrate, 100 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium-containing substances. All fertilizers are applied at the root. Humus can be replaced by nitrophosphate.
The first harvest after planting can be collected only in the second year, since this plant bears fruits on the whips of the previous year. The Himalaya variety begins to ripen in July, the ripening period lasts another couple of months, so you need to pick the berries several times.
- The best time to harvest is morning. The weather should be sunny and dry (in rainy time, the berries may get a watery taste and worse stored).
- Tear off berries need with the stem.
- The sun must not fall on the picked berries.In the process of transportation, try to minimize shaking to keep the berries intact.
- Red and purple berries are best left to mature to the branches, you need to collect only fully ripened berries with black color.
- It will not be superfluous to think about equipment: It is advisable to wear clothes with closed hands, legs made of thick material.
In the refrigerator at a temperature of +4. +8 ° C berries can be stored for about 4 days, with some rules to be observed: do not wash the blackberry, lay out a thin layer on a tray or in a container.
At a temperature slightly above 0 ° C, the berry does not lose its properties during the week. When stored in the freezer or dried berries, you can regale about a year.
Pruning and shaping the bush
It is necessary to regularly trim blackberries in the autumn and spring. Thanks to this procedure, the plant does not waste power on feeding outdated lashes, and besides, they do not create unnecessary shading to young shoots. And the pruned young shoots stimulate lateral branching and growth of fruit twigs.
The first pruning procedure is carried out in a two-year plant, then repeated annually. In autumn, pruning should be carried out immediately after the end of fruiting. Spring pruning is carried out before the disclosure of the kidneys. You need to remove the two-year shoots damaged by pests and scourge disease, thin and weak branches.
Old lashes need to be cut under the ground, leaving no hemp, and young ones should be shortened by 1/4. It is necessary to carry out these works with the help of a secateur, use gloves.
It is also important to form a plant. To do this, you can use supports or grow a plant on two sides of a row: directing old shoots to one side and leaving the other side for young ones.
In the Himalaya blackberry variety there are several breeding methods:
- Green cuttings. Это очень простой и эффективный способ. Для размножения нужно выбрать однолетние побеги длиной около 15 см с 2-3 почками. Их помещают в емкость с водой вверх ногами так, чтобы почка была немного покрыта жидкостью. Содержать побеги нужно при комнатной температуре, в хорошо освещенном месте, постоянно следить за уровнем влаги и при необходимости подливать воду. After a couple of weeks, when the bud begins to germinate, this part of the shoot must be carefully separated and planted in a small container with soil for seedlings. Planted in the spring.
- Layering (horizontal and apical). The method is one of the most acceptable for this variety. From the second decade of July to the second decade of August, it is necessary to root the branch in a moist soil to a depth of about 15 cm, it is good to mulch. Cut it from the plant is not necessary. The following year, the layers will take root and become a plant ready for planting.
How to prepare the bushes for winter
Despite the frost resistance declared by the breeders, this variety requires winter shelter, especially in the middle zone and northern regions with frosty winters. As a shelter, you can use laptnik - young shoots to tilt to the ground and cover with coniferous branches.
Instead of lapnik suitable any purchased material for shelter. From above it is desirable to sprinkle bushes with snow. At this simple process of preparing the bushes for the winter is completed.
This variety of blackberry is a good choice for exploring the plant and growing it on your site. In general, the variety is characterized by endurance, unpretentiousness and yield. And the amazing taste and beneficial properties of berries make it an ideal choice for growing.
Blackberry general description
This plant belongs to the Rosaceae family. In the wild, it occurs in the form of blackberry thickets in open forest areas, near water bodies. This is a perennial shrub plant with a well-developed root system with developed lateral roots. But aboveground shoots, like raspberries, every two years are updated. In the first year of life, stems up to three meters in height grow from the sleeping buds of the rhizome. They form generative buds, the basis for future fruiting. Blackberry varieties are distinguished by annual shoots, their appearance. Their color range varies from green to brown. They come with thorns and without them, with pubescence and without it. The following year, these branches are no longer growing, and from the fruitful buds located at the base of the leaf, shoots are formed with buds collected in a brush. After the harvest, the stalks dry out and new young shoots develop in their place.
Blackberry blooms in early summer with white or pinkish tinge buds, which are located at the top of the shoots in the hands.
Berries are a complex fruit, consisting of many succulent drupes, located closely to each other on a conical receptacle. They ripen in the middle of the summer season. Like raspberry, it has different blackberry varieties. Photos of them show the differences of fruits.
Complicated drupes are purple, black or dark red, sometimes pubescent in the form of small fibers, located on each small component. The shape of the berries are elongated or spherical. Modern large-fruited blackberry varieties produce fruits weighing up to 25 g, whereas in the ordinary culture of this plant they are about 4-6 g.
Depending on the structure of the bushes, the plant is divided into the following types:
1. Kumarnik - blackberry, in which the stems grow straight up.
2. Rossianica is a variety with creeping and creeping shoots.
3. Transitional form, which has the characteristics of the first two.
The description of blackberry varieties belonging to the first variety indicates the height of upright shoots reaching 4 m. This feature should be taken into account when choosing a site for planting, such bushes need supports to keep the branches from hanging and not touching the ground. You can plant in one or two rows near the fence, using a wire trellis. The distance from one bush to another is no more than a meter. Tie up the ends of the stems to the upper trellis, and the young short processes attach to the bottom wire. Propagate these varieties of root layers.
Kumarnik likes moist soils, because water is necessary for the normal development of stems and fruits. The lack of moisture leads to a deterioration in the quality of the berries, they are underdeveloped or they are not tied at all.
Many tall blackberry varieties have winter hardiness, which allows them to grow in the middle lane. Unlike creeping species, Kumarnik tolerates frosts better. For this purpose, the tops of annual shoots are cut by several tens of centimeters. Biennial branches are cut, as well as weakened, broken young shoots, they are left on a bush until 8. After that, the stems are tilted to the ground, fixed and sprinkled with foliage.
For the second species (rosyaniki), props are not needed, since creeping stems are located on the ground. It multiplies by rooting of the apical buds. When forming a bush, young shoots are folded down to the ground and attached with hooks to the soil, after which they are pruned tops. Soon branches with fruit-bearing buds form on the stems.
Compared with upright varieties, a creeping blackberry has a greater yield, but it is significantly inferior in winter hardiness. Rossyan must be closed from frost. In case of violation of such technologies, or when the bushes were released from the mulch not in time, due to insufficient ventilation, shoots can freeze or burns develop on them. During a sharp warming in the last days of winter, shelter should be regularly aired.
The transitional form (half-inhabited) has incorporated the characteristics of the two previous ones, therefore it can reproduce both by the layering of the roots and by rooting of the apical buds. It is recommended to cover from frost.
According to the presence of outgrowths on the shoots, blackberry varieties without thorns and thorny plants are distinguished. By the number of harvests per season, remontant and ordinary cultivars are distinguished.
Garden blackberry: varieties
Hybrids of modern domesticated blackberries are superior to their wild relatives in yield, fruit consolidation, greater winter hardiness. However, unlike weed blackberries, garden varieties do not tolerate excess moisture in the soil, which can rot the roots. The lack of light has a negative effect on the formation of the bush and on the taste of the fruit.
Widely used by Russian gardeners are blackberry garden varieties Izobilnaya, Tornless Evergreen, Tornfri, Smutstem, Black Satin, Orkan, Black Diamond, Arash, Helen, Lucretia, Jumbo, Agawam, Darrow, Texas.
Currently, wide use of high-yielding varieties with several positive qualities. This and excellent taste of berries, and large fruits, and the absence of spikes on the shoots. Blackberry-free varieties of thorns were bred by breeders for a long time, since this feature allows you to ensure safe picking of berries and save time. The best are Thornfrey, Loch Ness, Ruben, Navajo, Chester, Helen, Natchez, Arash, Chief Joseph, Asterina, Jumbo.
In Russia, the first such product was the blackberry beshipnaya variety Tornfri. His breeders received in the 60s of the last century.
The blackberry garden without thorns of the Loch Ness variety is a fruit bearing plant from the end of summer to the first frost. This winter-hardy variety was bred in Sweden. Berries of medium size, weighing about 5 g, black in color with a glossy finish, with excellent taste, well withstand transportation and storage.
Another remarkable frost-resistant plant is Navajo garden blackberry. This is another late high-yielding hybrid, in which the fruits reach 5 g, with a beautiful appearance, black color and a glossy finish, with a pleasant taste and suitable for long-term storage.
If we compare the yields of the driftless varieties of blackberry and raspberry, the odds will be on the blackberry side. Both of these plants begin to bear fruit in the second year of life of the shoots. One-year-old blackberry stalks are shortened to increase branching, as a result of which the yield of the bush increases, and the old two-year-old shoots are removed.
High rates of fees due to late flowering, in which the buds are not damaged by frost in May. The best varieties of blackberry produce berries for about a month, which increases its yield.
Blackberry roots have a deep enough location that allows you to get moisture from the deeper soil layers and withstand the dry period. It grows on almost any soil, but prefers a land with low acidity that is easily permeable to water and air. Excess moisture detrimental effect on plant growth.
Blackberries are rich in minerals: iron, sulfur, phosphorus, calcium.
A variety of blackberries are plants that bear fruit in the first year of planting, in a period when other varieties have already moved away from fruiting. These are remontant grades. Such plants do not need to be sheltered in the fall in order to preserve the bush until the next season, because the fruits give one-year shoots.
Among gardeners it is considered a high-yielding, perfectly pollinated blackberry remontant Ruben variety. The fruits of it appear on the stems of the first year. Having thick, strong shoots growing up to 2 meters, this blackberry does not require backwaters, and due to a well-developed root system it can grow on any soil. Variety Ruben is very resistant to adverse factors, such as lack of moisture in the soil, summer heat or shading.
The first large fruits weighing up to 14 g begin to ripen at the end of summer, and then for another two months you can harvest a wonderful harvest of juicy, fragrant berries, before the first frost.
Fruit branches do not have thorns, which facilitates harvesting, but there are small outgrowths on the stems themselves.
When the berries are all picked, the shoots are cut at ground level. Such pruning protects the bush from freezing in winter and does not allow diseases to develop. The fruits of next year will be without remnants of harmful chemicals, which are usually treated bushes for the prevention of disease.
Tornfrey - a variety of blackberries, bred by American breeders of the state of Maryland in the 60s of the last century. This hybrid is popular among gardeners and introduced into industrial scale gardening.
The variety Tornfrey belongs to the large-fruited rosyanika variety with late fruiting periods. He has creeping shoots without thorns, reaching a length of 5 meters. The tops of the stems are pruned for better branching, which allows you to get branches, covered with large black berries, starting from mid-summer, for 30 days. The leaves of this plant are complex, dark green in color, consist of five leaf plates.
Such blackberries have inherent qualities that allow them to develop resistance to various diseases and insect pests. If you use the basic rules of agricultural technology of the peasant, then this variety gives little growth and pleases gardeners with its abundant flowering in early summer.
For many fans of blackberry Tornfrey, the disadvantage is the abundance of sweetness and the lack of sourness in the mature, fragrant berries, which become inelastic and difficult to store. To avoid this, the fruits are broken in advance, then they are not so sweet, but the smell is almost absent. Blackberry varieties Tornfri has berries elongated, reaching 6 g in weight, they are collected in a brush, which can be up to 40 fruits.
Such plants are planted with rooted tops. Bushes in the winter without shelter can freeze slightly, so the shoots are laid on the ground, and then covered with earth or leaf mulch.
Blackberry Black Satin
The blackberry variety Black Sateen was also bred by American breeders of the state of Maryland, but already in the 70s of the last century as a result of the crossing of three different hybrids, one of which is Tornfrey. Therefore, some qualities of ancestor are inherent in it.
Blackberries varieties (photo presented in the article) Black Sateen refers to the intermediate type, as durable studless shoots first grow up by 1 meter, and then go down and creep along the ground. Young stems are green at first, and as they grow older they become yellow or even brown in color, growing in length to 4.5 meters. The stiffness and strength of such shoots prevent bending and the formation of the bush.
Ripened fruits appear faster than the related variety Tornfrey, and in early August, you can begin to harvest large black berries with excellent sweet and sour taste, reminiscent of mulberry, and the faint aroma of blackberry. Difficult drupes come off hard from the receptacle, but over-ripe fruits, due to their softness, are easy to tear off.
The shape of the berries resembles an elongated cone with a rounded end; the mass is 5-8 g, which is slightly larger than that of Tornfri. Difficult drupes are collected in bunches in a brush. Black Slate Blackberry produces a high yield from the beginning of summer to the first frost.
With good care, this hybrid can be remontantny. This property manifests itself at the end of summer in the form of regrowth of fruit branches with buds from the lower buds on young stems. Well developed resistance to pathogens of various diseases. In winter, bushes require shelter, as they are subject to freezing.
The best blackberry varieties, whose shoots have thorns, are the well-known Agaves, Darrow and Texas.
Agave is an American hybrid. Young stems of green grow straight, and only their upper ends down. Branching shoots of annual bushes become purple or brown in color, covered with spike shoots and glandular villus fluff. The leaves with the next arrangement, divided into 3 plates, also have needle-like outgrowths.
The complex fruits of this variety consist of large stones, and the berries themselves are also large - up to 6 g by weight, black. Their taste is sugary-sweet. Stalks do not cover for the winter because of the impossibility to bend them to the ground.
Darrow - another American variety of varieties Kumarniki. His upright shoots are studded with spines, which are up to 3 meters long. Very high-yielding and winter-hardy variety of blackberry. Fruits are elongated, with an average weight, black, glossy, sweet with a slight sourness.
Texas - Michurin variety, obtained as a result of selection selection of seedlings of Logan variety. The hybrid belongs to the rosyanik, creeping shoots are covered with spikes and fluffy bloom. Huge berries of this variety - weighing about 9 g - are pleasant to the taste due to sweet-sour notes. The color of the fruit varies from dark red to black, with wax deposits. Bushes of a grade of Texas badly transfer hard frosts.
Blackberry varieties for the Moscow region
When choosing varieties of blackberries for the Moscow region should take into account such characteristics as winter hardiness. Therefore, the description of blackberry varieties should indicate their ability to tolerate frosts. If you do not pay attention to this, then you can waste your time and energy.
In the Moscow region and in the suburbs, blackberry varieties such as Tornfi, Agavam, Ufimsk Early, Wilsons Early, Loch Ness, Thornless Evergreen, Darrow, Flint, Chester, Smutsse, Izobilnaya gained particular popularity among gardeners. These species have medium or high resistance to frost. In the conditions of the Moscow region, the ambient temperature can reach quite low values, which has a very negative effect on the condition of the bush in the spring and later harvest. Despite the high winter hardiness, almost all of the above varieties require hiding in the late fall.
Among hybrids with thorns, Agave variety suitable for this region is distinguished by its special resistance to cold, high yield, no diseases, and a beautiful view.
Flint is another frost-resistant variety. The shoots of this plant are medium in size, covered with thorns. This is a large-fruited variety, black berries with blue tint, weighs about 5 g, spherical shape, with a wonderful smell and taste of blackberry. Compared to the Agave hybrid, the yield is slightly lower. Not affected by diseases and pests. In the care of the blackberry Flint is very unpretentious.
Thornless Evergreen is a frost-resistant variety, the bush leaves for wintering without dropping leaves. Powerful shoots spread along the ground, without thorns, although there are plants with prickles. Very productive variety, bushes literally covered with fruits. Starting from the twentieth of August and until the end of September, sweet and sour black berries with a glossy finish are harvested; they weigh up to 3 g. One of the disadvantages of this variety is the ripening of large seeds that degrade the taste of fruits.
In the conditions of the Moscow region shoots of blackberry Thornless Evergreen better cover, laying on the ground and covered with sawdust or foliage.
Wilsons Airlie is another winter-hardy, straight-growing variety with small spikes; shoots reach two meters. It is an early hybrid, in the middle of summer harvesting begins, and it lasts until the beginning of autumn. Fruits get black and purple, oval, not very large, up to 2 g by weight.
The abundant variety, although not winter-hardy, is popular with Moscow region gardeners. The founder of this variety is the Russian breeder I. V. Michurin. Creeping stems of powerful bushes covered with hooked spikes. This late variety gives a high yield of large berries, the weight of which reaches 10 g, sweet-sour in taste. To protect against freezing bushes harbor.
Growing blackberries in Ukraine
Garden blackberries are becoming increasingly popular. Grades Ukraine buys abroad. В некоторых южных областях этой страны, где более мягкий климат и зимой несильные морозы, фермеры начали выращивать высокоурожайные виды ежевики в промышленных масштабах. Площади под нее занимают до 200 соток земли. На севере страны трудно обойтись без укрытия таких растений, ведь зимой зачастую не бывает снега, а лютые морозы не пощадят кусты от вымерзания, если их не подготовить с осени. С сортами росяники дела обстоят намного лучше, их не нужно специально пригибать. А вот пряморастущие виды по мере роста побегов необходимо постепенно наклонять, в противном случае их резкое пригибание приведет к повреждению веточек.In order to gradually bend the stem, a load is attached to it, and due to the elasticity of the tissues, they will gradually bend down.
Ukrainian farmers often use late varieties for the production of blackberries, the fruits of which ripen at the end of summer, and the harvest lasts until the end of September. At this time, many berry crops have already disappeared from the counter, which doubles the demand for blackberries.
Blackberry variety Agaveam
Agave - Old and very cold-resistant blackberry variety. He even entered into the State Register of varieties recommended for cultivation in the Russian Federation. It can be grown not only in the suburbs, but also in Siberia.
- Productivity 3 - 6 kg. sometimes up to 10 kg. from one bush
- The mass of berries 3 - 5 grams, sweet taste, ripen in July - August.
- Fruiting lasts at least 15 years
- Shoots are upright, powerful, stiff with sharp spines, 2.5 - 3 meters high
- Withstands temperatures down to -40º, no shelter for the winter is required
Grade advantages: beautiful flowering, stable fruiting, no need to shelter for the winter, drought-resistant and shade-tolerant, grows on any soil and is generally very unpretentious.
Disadvantages: prickly shoots give a lot of inconvenience, gives a lot of shoots.
In the south, Agaves can be grown in the shade and in the sun. In the northern regions of the berries in the shade may not have time to ripen, therefore, recommended planting in the sun. When planting, the root neck is sunk a few centimeters. The distance between the bushes is 1 meter, between the rows 1.8 - 2 meters. The shoots, though strong, are better to tie them to the trellis with a fan.
Reviews - very contradictory. There are ardent supporters of this variety, but there are also ardent opponents who complain that Agavam has overgrown the whole vegetable garden.
Polar - frost-resistant, studless, early, large-fruited garden blackberry of the Polish selection.
- Productivity 5 - 6 kg. berries from each bush (during the winter without shelter)
- The berries are very large 10 - 12 g. Sweet, in the southern regions begin to sing in early July.
- Withstands cold to -30 º cover is not necessary. But most gardeners say that if the bushes are covered for the winter, the yield increases several times. From this it follows that the fruit buds still freeze slightly and the shelter will be completely superfluous.
- Stems erect up to 2.5 m, strong, without thorns. When bent down to the ground may break. To facilitate the task of starting to tilt shoots must be in advance, until they woody.
Grade advantages: frost resistance, large and tasty berries, shoots without thorns, disease resistance, early ripening of the crop, good transportability.
Disadvantages: perhaps only one - it is difficult to bend the shoots to the ground for the winter.
Prefers to grow in the sun, on drained loamy soils. Dislikes raw, overwet places.
Reviews: only positive.
Unfortunately, the choice of frost-resistant varieties of blackberry is not great. Only Aghavam and Polar can winter without shelter, but even Polar is better to cover for the winter. All other varieties of this plant require mandatory shelter.
New Bearing Blackberry Sorts
Nowadays, surprisingly high-yielding varieties of cumaníks and rosyaniki appeared on the market. From one bush you can collect 2 - 3 buckets of healthy and tasty berries. The mass of these berries is so great that buyers in the market refuse to take them, thinking that they are stuffed with all sorts of chemicals. After reading the description of these varieties, you will understand that this is not an exaggeration.
Natchez - early ripe, very large-fruited, bearingless blackberry variety.
- Productivity to 20 kg from each bush
- The berries are very large, weighing 10 - 12 grams. sweet taste, begin to sing in June. Fruiting lasts 35 - 40 days
- Shrubs semi-upright type, shoots up to three meters long.
- For the winter, an agrofibre shelter is required, which is removed only after the soil thaws and the buds swell. If the bush is opened earlier, then a shoot of the shoots may occur and the plant will die. This rule applies to other varieties of blackberry.
- When planting, maintain the distance between bushes 3 and 2 meters between rows.
Advantages: high yield, large-fruited, early ripening, good keeping quality and transportability of berries, prolonged fruiting
Disadvantages: low winter hardiness, a small number of replacement shoots.
Reviews: the reviews are very good, a little controversy turned on Natchez's taste. The fruits of this sort of blackberry have a sweet taste, but there is a slight bitterness in it, one does not like it, others believe that it is the bitterness that gives such a unique and exquisite taste to these berries, and many have not felt bitterness at all.
Ouchita - besshupny, large-fruited blackberries of early ripening
- The claimed yield of this variety reaches 30 kg. from each bush
- Berries large 6 - 7 gr. and with a very original taste, begin to ripen in June. Fruiting stretched and lasts almost two months.
- Bushes are erect, shoots grow up to 2.5 - 3 meters. Grown on the trellis, usually with three rows of wire.
- For winter, the plant must be covered.
- When planting in the bush way, the distance between blackberry seedlings is 1.5 - 2 meters.
Advantages: a very long ripening period, amazing yield, resistance to diseases, berries with original taste do not lose their marketable qualities for a long time.
Disadvantages: weak frost resistance -17º, the need to bend down rather thick shoots.
The proposed video is in English, but it clearly shows what kind of crop can be harvested from this plant. By the way, Ouachita, Auchita, Ouchita and Washita are the names of the same total variety, the description of which you have just read.
Reviews positive - the variety is easy to grow, not capricious. Farmers like the combination of high yields and moderately large berries with excellent taste.
Chester is an old, well-known, studless, large-fruited blackberry variety of late ripening
- The stated yield of 15 - 20 kg. from each bush
- Berries are sweet with a slight acidity, weighing from 5 to 8 grams, ripen in late July or early August.
- The plant has a semi-peeling bush shape. On fruiting leave no more than 5 - 6 shoots that grow 2 - 3 meters long.
- Despite the frost resistance to -26 º C, shelter is required for the winter period.
- When planting it is necessary to maintain the distance between the bushes 2 - 2.5 meters.
Advantages: high frost resistance, lack of prickly thorns, excellent yield, good transportability of berries, the variety is resistant to major diseases and pests.
Disadvantages: despite good frost resistance, winter shelter is required. Poses shading and landing in damp lowlands.
Reviews: only positive, many consider Chester the best brand in their collection and assign the best places for it.
Black satin - as well as Chester, a rather old variety of besshupnaya garden blackberry, the average term of maturation.
- The average yield is 10–15 kg, and with high agricultural technology up to 20–25 kg.
- Berries weighing about 5 grams, collected in large brushes. Taste from sweet - sour to sweet, ripen in the middle - end of July.
- Shrubs semi-vegetation. Stems hard, long to 5 meters. It is recommended that young shoots be immediately pressed to the ground and grown in an inclined position, then it will be easier to shelter for the winter.
- Frost resistance is 22º C and winter shelter is required in most regions.
- For cultivation will require a trellis height of about two meters.
Grade advantages: lack of prickly thorns, high yield, unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases.
Disadvantages: the need every year to shelter for the winter, tough shoots that often break when bending down to the ground, poor transportability of berries.
Reviews: generally positive, generous, unpretentious variety, winters well under shelter. But the berries quickly perespevayut, you can not be late with the collection. For commercial purposes, not the best option.
Loch tey - large-fruited, not prickly blackberry of average term of maturing.
- The stated yield is 10 - 12 kg. from every bush. Most gardeners claim that this is the case.
- Berries are large, weighing about 5 grams. The taste is sweet and sour, ripen in mid-July.
- Loch Tey is semi-vegetative bush. Shoots vigorous, elastic, up to 5 meters long, requiring trellis.
- The cold resistance of this blackberry variety is 20º C. It’s not enough for our country, we have to cover for the winter.
- When planting, the distance between the bushes is at least 2 m.
- Propagated by dropping tops of replacement shoots.
Advantages: good yield, lack of prickly thorns, great taste of berries and excellent transportability.
Disadvantages: the need every year to shelter the plant for the winter.
Reviews: According to most gardeners, the Loch Tey is one of the best varieties of garden blackberries.
Kiov - Blackberries with the largest berries. Unfortunately, this variety has sharp thorns, but it is included in the description due to its exceptional large-fruitedness.
- Kiov's productivity exceeds 30 kg. berries from one bush.
- Huge berries weigh 20-25 grams. Begin to sing at the end of July.
- The bush is upright, the height of the shoots is 1.6 - 2 meters, they require support.
- This blackberry without loss tolerates frosts up to - 23 degrees. Without shelter can winter only in the southern regions.
Advantages: very fruitful variety, surprisingly large and tasty berries, good transportability, the ability to surprise neighbors.
Disadvantages: the presence of sharp thorns, the need to annually cover the bushes for the winter.
All reviews something like this: when I hide bushes for the winter, I swear that I suffer with these thorns the last time, and when I start harvesting, I understand - this blackberry will always grow with me.
Columbia Star - A new, little-known, studless blackberry variety of early ripening.
- According to the manufacturer, Columbia Star will be one of the most productive varieties (16750 kg / ha)
- Berries of the same size, elongated, weighing 10 - 15 grams, begin to ripen in late June - early July.
- The bushes are creeping type, shoots are 4-5 meters long, without thorns.
- Winter hardiness of Columbia is low - 14 degrees, winter shelter is necessary.
Advantages: tasty, large berries keep their appearance for a long time, high yield, rather soft and without thorns shoots are easy to press to the ground for winter shelter. Variety easily tolerates heat and drought.
Disadvantages: long shoots, with many lateral processes, it is difficult to unravel when removed from the support.
Reviews: gardeners who managed to plant Columbia have not yet been able to fully appreciate this variety, but the high palatability of the berries is noted by all. Many consider it the most promising new product.
Chachanska Bestrna - high-yielding, non-shingless blackberry variety of early ripening.
- Productivity 12 - 15 kg. berries from one bush.
- Berries are sweet and sour weighing 9 - 14 grams, begin to ripen in early July.
- Bushes are half-creeping, powerful shoots without thorns, grow up to 3 - 3.5 meters. Requires a garter to the supports.
- The frost resistance of the variety is relatively high -26º, but you still have to cover.
The video is unfortunately not of high quality, but this is all that was found:
Advantages: high yield, drought resistance, unpretentiousness, immunity to major diseases.
Disadvantages: poor transportability, ripe berries every other day begin to flow. True for amateur gardening this flaw is not very important.
Reviews: All reviews are good, this variety has worked well in the southern and northern regions.
Doyle (Doyle) - one of the best varieties of besshipnaya blackberry He claims to be the most productive variety.
- Doyle's documented yield is 5 - 7 buckets of berries from one bush.
- Berries sour - sweet, weighing 7 - 9 gr. Maturation later - mid-August.
- Semi-shrubs with long, up to 5 - 6 m. Shoots, spikes absent. Trellises needed for growing
- For the winter you need to cover.
Advantages: amazing yield, easily tolerates heat and drought.
Disadvantages: This blackberry is more suitable for the southern regions, in the northern regions it may not have time to mature.
Reviews: there are very few reviews, in Russia this variety has been cultivated for only a few years.
Waldo (Waldo) - old and proven, bearingless, creeping variety of blackberry mid-term ripening.
- The authors of the variety promise a yield of 15-17 kg. berries from one bush.
- Berries weighing 6 - 8 gr. have a pleasant taste and aroma, begin to sing in the first decade of July.
- Creeping bushes, compact. The length of the shoots does not exceed 2 meters, but the support is needed.
- Winter hardiness is average; winter shelter is obligatory for this blackberry.
Advantages: no spikes, easy to cover for the winter, ideal for small areas.
Disadvantages: in hot weather, berries can be baked.
Loch Ness ‘Loch Ness’
Loch Ness (Loch Ness) - ballless, very fruitful blackberry, medium maturity.
- The yield of this variety can reach 25 kg. from every bush.
- Berries are sweet, sour, similar to the taste of wild blackberry 5 - 8 gr. Begin to ripen in late July.
- Bushes near Loch Ness are vigorous, half-living. Stems up to 4 meters long, need support.
- Winter hardiness for our climate is not high enough, the bushes in the winter have to cover.
- When planting, the distance between the bushes is at least 2 meters.
Advantages: productivity is consistently high, unpretentious in care, multiplies quickly and easily, suitable for commercial use.
Disadvantages: matures late, the taste becomes sourish in a rainy summer.
Reviews: definitely good - with minimal care is always a great harvest.
Oregon Thornless (Oregon Thornless)
Oregon Thornless (Oregon Thornless) - Besshipnaya, creeping blackberries late maturity.
- The yield is average, about 10 kg. berries from each bush.
- Berries are sweet and sour, large, weighing 7–9 grams, ripen in August.
- The plant forms creeping type of bushes, with up to 4 meters long studs. Growing requires trellis.
- Oregon can withstand temperatures as low as -29 degrees, which is not enough for the middle lane and can not do without shelter.
Grade advantages: excellent taste, lack of prickly thorns, it is easy to cover for the winter, decorative plants allows you to use it for decorating gazebos, arches and other buildings.
Reviews: "I have this variety in pets - the most trouble-free - it winters beautifully (under cover), replacement shoots appear immediately, almost simultaneously with the beginning of the growth of fruit shoots, the size of the berry with sufficient watering is really large, sweet taste, very fruitful."
Osage - Bearless blackberry with perfect taste. This variety is considered the most delicious of all varieties of blackberry.
- The yield is relatively low 3 kg. berries from each bush.
- Berries with a perfectly balanced taste and a mass of 6 - 7 gr. begin to sing in the first decade of July.
- Bushes are upright, shoots without thorns, about 2 meters high.
- Frost resistance is low, only -13 º, cover is required.
Advantages: exquisite, dessert taste, the sweetest of all sorts of blackberry, never fills edge.
Disadvantages: low winter hardiness and relatively low productivity.
Description of blackberry repair varieties
Blackberry repairing varieties can be grown for one crop or two. In the first case, all the shoots in the fall are cut out at the root and an absolutely empty bed goes into the winter. In spring, young shoots start growing from the roots at the end of August and berries start to sing on them.
To get two full-fledged harvests the following year, only last year's shoots are cut out in the fall, while the young ones bend down to the ground, cover and start up in the winter. In June of the following year, the berries begin to sing on these shoots. At the end of July, having collected the entire harvest, these shoots are cut. And at the end of August, young growth begins to bear fruit, which has grown over the summer. Thus you enjoy blackberry almost the entire summer season.
Unfortunately, all this pleasure is available only to residents of the southern regions. In the northern regions, blackberry remontant varieties do not justify themselves. There are cases when some of the berries die from frost. The first harvest (partially or completely) may die in the flowering stage due to return frost. The second will begin to sing only at the end of August, and even at the beginning of September. Berries just do not have time to ripen and part of the crop goes under the snow.
Prime Arch Freedom (Prime-Ark Freedom) - bearingless, remontant grade of blackberry.
- The authors of the variety promise high yields. Brand new and exact numbers yet.
- The berries are sweet, large, weighing 15 - 20 grams, the first harvest begins to sing from mid-June, and the second in the third decade of August.
- Erect bushes, sredneroslye, stems without thorns about 2 meters high.
- Shelter is required for the winter.
- Propagated by root shoots and grafting.
Advantages: high productivity, excellent quality of fruits and excellent taste, the ability to receive products throughout the summer.
Disadvantages: low winter hardiness, the variety is recommended only for the southern regions, the need to bend down and cover shoots for the winter.
Photos taken from the forum: http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=8965&page=18
Black Magic (Black Magic)
Black Magic (Black Magic) - blackberry repair grade (spikes with stems)
- Productivity from 5 kg. from one bush.
- The berries are sweet, weighing an average of 7 - 10 grams. The ripening period is the end of June the first harvest and the last decade of August the second harvest.
- Побеги прочные высотой около 1, 5 метра, шипов сравнительно немного.
- Зимостойкость слабая -12º, зимнее укрытие обязательно.
Достоинства: этот сорт лучше всех ремов приспособлен к климатическим условиям нашей страны. Отличное качество плодов, Высокая продуктивность, хорошо переносит жару и засуху.
Недостатки: колючие побеги, низкая морозоустойчивость, прочные побеги сложно прижимать к земле.
Ruben (Reuben) - remontant, large-fruited variety of garden blackberries (with spikes)
- Productivity from 6 kg. from one bush.
- Fruits are sweet, large average weight about 10 gr. Ripen in late June and late August.
- The shoots are upright, medium with spikes.
- The plant can withstand temperatures as low as -16º, cover is necessary.
Virtues: the variety is frost resistant, tolerates shading well, excellent berry transportability.
disadvantages: the main drawback is pollen sterilization already at + 30º
Prime Arch 45 (Prime-Ark 45)
Prime Arch 45 (Prime-Ark 45) - A new remontant sort of blackberry (with thorns).
- Producers promise good yields, but no specific data yet.
- Berries are transportable, sweet taste and weighing 6 - 8 gr.
- Bushes are straight-growing with a moderate number of thorns. Well tolerate heat and drought.
- Without shelter does not hibernate.
Traveler - Prime-Ark Traveler
Traveler - Prime-Ark Traveler - a new, besshipnaya reparantant blackberry.
- This variety is still poorly understood, but the Americans claim that productivity will be at its best.
- Berry weight 7 - 8 gr. The taste is sweet and sour.
- Bushes are upright, about two meters high, without thorns
- When grown for two crops, the shoots fall in the fall to the ground and cover with spunbond in 2 - 3 layers.
Dear visitors of the “Dacha plot”, tireless gardeners, gardeners and flower growers. We suggest you take a proficiency test and find out whether you can trust a shovel and let you with it in the garden.
Care and reproduction
A serious lack of variety is its spontaneous reproduction. Agaves multiply root suckers, and does it quite aggressively. If annually there is no control over the emergence of new agavamchikov, then soon you will find that they occupied half of the site. Given the extraordinary vitality of this blackberry, the fight against its intensive reproduction, or attempts to remove it from the site often turn into long-term battles of a lucky gardener with a vivacious plant.
On the other hand, if you need Agawam saplings for some purpose, it will be easy to propagate it. Root offsprings take root well, but require rearing due to insufficiently developed, in the early stages, the root system. You can propagate and the tips of the shoots, but they are difficult to bend down for rooting, and they take root relatively weakly.
High winter hardiness and good taste at full maturity.