For most people, cumin is associated with home cooking - this seasoning is in the arsenal of any housewife. It is used for preservation, bakery and confectionery, as well as various delicacies. But only a few know that this plant is used for medical purposes. Let's talk about the effect of cumin on the human body in more detail.
Description of black cumin
He is a member of the biennial umbrella family. Height from the root - about 110 cm, the diameter of the inflorescence: up to 8 cm, with versatile rays. Cumin blooms in mid-summer (June-July), the fruiting period begins in the second year of the plant's life. It is worth noting that cumin - a fairly unpretentious plant. He feels well in the subtropics: Pakistan, India, and in areas with a temperate climate - the Caucasus, the south-eastern regions of Russia.
Cumin is resistant to low temperatures, so you can not cover it in the winter. When home grown, the plant is planted on the sunny side of the site, abundantly fertilizing the soil. When harvesting, the stem can be cut with a sheaf or pulled out along with the root, hanging sheaves for drying and ripening in dry and poorly lit rooms. For therapeutic purposes and as a seasoning, cumin seeds or flour are used.
What is cumin? Caraway Types
In nature, there are several varieties of cumin. Today, about 30 are known. Among them there are poisonous subspecies, so you should not buy medicines, tinctures and seasonings based on this plant from the hands of untested vendors.
The greatest demand is for only 2 types: black and ordinary. Do not confuse them. These are different medicinal herbs that have different effects on the body. In addition, their area of application is also different. On some Internet resources, these plants are described as one, misleading the reader. In this article we will talk in detail about black.
Black cumin - the second name of the plant Kalindzhi, is a chernushka sowing plant. Latin name: nigella sativa.
This plant has a stem length of up to 40 cm, the inflorescence differs from ordinary caraway seeds in blue flowers with five petals. Black cumin, the beneficial properties of which are contained in its seeds, is used to make oils. In medicine it is used as an antibacterial, cleansing and anesthetic. It is used for the prevention of cancer.Black and ordinary cumin
The chemical composition of black cumin
Vitamins: A, B1, B2, B4, B6, B9, C, E, PP.
Macro elements: potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus.
Trace elements: iron, manganese, copper, selenium, zinc.
Acids: arachidonic, capric, linoleic, linolenic, myristic, oleic, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic.
In addition, the composition of black cumin includes Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 fatty acids, essential and non-essential amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, dietary fiber, ash and water.
Cumin calories - 333 kcal per 100 g
Daily dose of black cumin - 25 g (4-5 tsp) for adults, 10 g (2 tsp) for children from 3 to 12 years.
Useful properties and benefits of black cumin for the body
According to some reports, the beneficial properties of cumin were known in ancient Egypt. Healers used the fruits of this medicinal herb, preparing drugs for men and women. In the modern world, it is used to solve the following health problems:
- has a tonic and analgesic effect,
- treats diseases of the respiratory system
- strengthens the immune system
- treats colds,
- relieves headaches and ear pains,
- inhibits the growth of cancer cells
- normalizes digestion
- stimulates metabolism
- helps in losing weight,
- cleans the intestines
- improves the cardiovascular system,
- helps with hypertension,
- increases the elasticity of blood vessels,
- lowers blood sugar,
- prevention of atherosclerosis,
- helps with epilepsy,
- relieves pain during menstruation,
- increases lactation
- increases potency
- heals hemorrhoids
- stimulates brain activity
- tones the body
- calms the nervous system
- fights insomnia
- improves mood
- eliminates skin diseases,
- improves skin and hair.
Note that the benefits of cumin are also known in traditional medicine. Seeds and flour of this plant are used for making carminative tea, medicinal decoctions, caraway water and medicinal oil for external use.
Contraindications and harm of black cumin
The benefits and harms of caraway seeds are often the subject of discussion in online forums. The beneficial properties of cumin are obvious, however, improper use of seeds and extracts of this plant can adversely affect human health. Here is a list of contraindications:
- individual intolerance,
- children under 3 years old
- gastritis and peptic ulcer (prohibited to take in any form),
- ischemia, thrombophlebitis and post-infarction conditions,
- taking medications designed to lower blood sugar,
- categorically contraindicated for people who have undergone organ transplantation.
Note that exceeding the daily dose, especially when taken orally, can cause vomiting, swelling of the throat and dizziness.
How to choose and store cumin
Cumin is sold in stores all year round, as it has a rather long shelf life. The most important thing to pay attention to when buying, its flavor. Quality product has a pronounced peppery and tart smell.
It is recommended to give preference to seeds. As such, the plant longer retains its beneficial properties. In addition, in this case there is a high probability of avoiding fakes.
Store cumin seeds and powder in a container with a tight lid. The place should be cool, dark and dry.
The storage time of cumin seeds is 1 year, the powder is 6 months.
How to take black cumin. Application of black cumin
Useful properties of black cumin have been used in medicine and cosmetology. Seeds can be taken in pure form or ground into flour. In the first case, the fruits are used as medicinal decoctions, in the second - as a culinary seasoning. In addition, the oil with plant extract helps to solve cosmetic problems with the skin.
Cumin for weight loss. Mode of application
Fruits, flour or oil with plant extract help to solve the problem of overweight. A decoction of the seeds is suitable for internal use.
1) 2 tsp. fruits, pour 500 ml of water and keep on the steam bath for about 10 minutes. Then the broth is decanted and taken in 100 mg 40-50 minutes before a meal.
2) Flour from plant seeds stimulates metabolism, which helps keep weight under control. Enough to take 1 tsp. per day.
3) Black cumin oil is used for grinding. The tool is applied to problem areas and rubbed with massage movements until completely absorbed.
Black Cumin Seed Treatment
For immunity.1 tsp black cumin seeds mixed with 1 tbsp. honey and pour ½ cup of water. The composition is recommended to drink 10-15 minutes before a meal. Please note that this is a daily rate, which is not recommended to exceed. If the composition is intended for children, the recommended dosage should be reduced by half.
With a cold and cough. In this case, the seeds can be ingested or used on the basis of cumin for external grinding. With regular use, the fruits have an expectorant effect, removing sputum from the lungs.
1) Pour 2 tsp. seeds 1 cup of boiling water. Insist 2 hours and drink ¼ of the infusion for 20-40 minutes before eating.
2) You can also drink 1 tsp. seeds in the morning or in the evening for 20-30 minutes before eating.
3) 1 tbsp. fruits diluted in 1 liter of water and do inhalation.
4) With a black cumin oil, you can do a warming massage of the chest and shoulder blade area.
With type 2 diabetes.The product lowers blood sugar. If you take the seeds (no more than 2 g per day), the level of glucose in the blood decreases. It is recommended to use together with the main treatment prescribed by a specialist.
As a general tonic. Cleansing cumin. If you include in the daily diet of 4-5 g of cumin (in any form), you can stimulate the circulatory and lymphatic system. As a result, the body gets rid of toxins and toxins, respectively, increases resistance to external environmental influences.
With rheumatism. Seeds of Chernushka sowing campaign can be used to make a heating compress. Fruits laid out on a gauze bandage, applied to the problem area and fix the compress with a bandage. Sometimes seed flour is used for these purposes. It is mixed with olive oil and rubbed into the painful area of the body.
When hemorrhoids. For these purposes, prepare a special cream. 30 g of seeds are fried in a pan, then ground into flour and mixed with black cumin oil (15 g). The resulting mixture is rubbed into the sphincter area after defecation (not more than 2 times per day).
The tool is designed for long-term use, the result will be noticeable after 3-4 weeks from the start of treatment.
For the brain. Flour from seeds contains a large amount of iron, which contributes to the production of hemoglobin by the body. Accordingly, blood circulation is improved, which has a positive effect on the work of brain cells. It is recommended for Alzheimer's disease and progressive dementia.
Black Cumin oil for the face
In cosmetology, black cumin oil is very popular, as it has a very noticeable anti-aging effect. This tool brings skin tone, gives it a healthy look, relieves wrinkles and skin rashes.
To care for problem skin use a mixture of black cumin oils (half a teaspoon) with almond and olive. The finished composition is applied to the skin of the face and washed off after an hour.
Application of black cumin oil for hair
For the care of curls also use black cumin oil. With regular use, the hair structure is strengthened, dryness and split ends disappear.
Need to mix 1 tbsp. Chernushka oil and olive oil. The mixture is rubbed into the hair roots and left for 10-15 minutes, then the composition is washed off with warm water. The recommended frequency of use is no more than 2 times a week.
The benefits and harms of black cumin are often discussed on the Internet. This plant is not a panacea for all diseases, so using it in traditional medicine, do not neglect your lifestyle. With proper use and compliance with the recommended dosage, you can achieve a positive result.
The composition of black cumin
Scientists have conducted a number of studies and proved that cumin seeds contain a lot of elements that are useful for the human body:
- B vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B9),
- micro and macronutrients, such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, iron, copper, selenium,
- vitamin PP,
- beta carotene
- vitamins of groups E, C, K.
Useful properties of black cuminUseful properties of cumin used even physicians of ancient Egypt. Even today, during excavations, vessels with kalondzhi oil are found. Black cumin is useful not only for adults, but also for children. Black cumin seeds are boiled to babies and give an infusion when colic appears in the tummy. Also, cumin helps milk to arrive during lactation in women.
The overwhelming share of the beneficial properties of black cumin is in its gift to enhance human immunity. Due to its saturation with beneficial esters, the nipper improves the functioning of the digestive tract and helps with respiratory ailments. Black cumin has been widely used in current healing. Use chernushka independently for the manufacture of tinctures, decoctions and oils, as well as in combination with other herbs.
The use of black cumin in traditional medicine
Traditional medicine is widely used black cumin. Healers consider it a panacea for all ailments. But do not forget that the seeds of caraway seeds in addition to the beneficial properties of contraindications to use. Folk healers use kalondzhi for making broths and teas that have a healing effect on the human body.
With cold and flu
It is generally known to use the fruits of cumin for colds and flu. Its medicinal properties help to improve the discharge of sputum when coughing and save for colds.
When coughing. A tablespoon of seeds is poured 500 ml of boiling water and placed in a water bath for 10 minutes, filtered. Drink 20 minutes before a meal, 100 ml 3 times a day.
With a cold. Practice inhalation with the fruits of cumin. We prepare inhalation: we crush the seeds, put them in a saucepan, pour boiling water and cover with a lid. Leave to brew for 10 minutes, then remove the cover, cover the head with a veil and inhale the steam for 15 minutes.
Use of black cumin for headaches
In the event of a headache, you can also resort to healing with black cumin. The effect of getting rid of headaches and migraines is due to black cumin interaction with several body systems:
- regulation of the hormonal system
- dilation of blood vessels
- destruction of uric acid.
For this we need the seeds of anise, cloves and black cumin. Grind the seeds in equal shares with a coffee grinder and use the resulting powder one teaspoon before meals.
You can also rub the place around the temple cumin oil, it helps to improve the blood supply and detoxification.
How does a plant help with ENT diseases?
To get rid of the cold you need to lubricate the nasal passages inside and out. When rhinitis in the nose insert cotton swabs moistened with oil for 15 minutes.With hoarseness and wheezing, the oil in a quarter of a teaspoon is ingested or rinsing their throats. They make inhalations of sore throat with black cumin oil.
How cumin is used for eye diseases
In most cases, eye diseases are manifested by inflammation of the eyeball, burning sensation, and heaviness. The cause is infection.
For treatment, consider the most common methods:
- smear caraway oil on the night of whiskey and eyelids. Along with this drink 7 drops of oil with hot tea. This remedy helps relieve eye pain.
- Apply to eyes for 10 minutes. warm lotions: one tablespoon of seeds is brewed with 250 ml of water and infused for about half an hour.
- they bury oil in their eyes (one drop each) in the morning and in the evening, and also drink a tablespoon of butter, jamming it with honey.
How to use the beneficial properties of black cumin cosmetologistsIn antiquity, the fairer women used black cumin oil as a rejuvenating agent. Found him use in the current cosmetology. Black cumin has gained widespread use due to vitamins, minerals and unsaturated acids that make up it and have a healing effect on the dermis and hair.
Caraway oil is used externally.However, it has both medicinal properties and contraindications:
- oil eliminates and smoothes wrinkles
- raises skin tone and increases its elasticity,
- contributes to the elimination of postpartum stretch marks,
- tones and cleanses the skin from pollution, smoothes their relief,
- due to the ability to stabilize the processes of blood and lymph circulation, the oil eliminates swelling and prevents the formation of cellulite.
The use of cumin in dentistryBlack cumin oil contains a lot of substances that have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anesthetic effect. Due to the presence in the seeds of essential oils, they are used to make balms and mouth rinses. Black cumin oil has regenerating and healing qualities, so it is used to treat gingivitis, stomatitis, fluxes.
To eliminate dental ailments, oil is applied to sore spots or rinsed to the mouth.
The use of black cumin for weight loss
Black cumin is used to reduce weight. Healing properties have both seeds and oil. Consider a few common methods for weight loss using black cumin.
We take inside. Cumin seeds chew on an empty stomach or drink cumin oil after a meal. For slimming, you can use the broth of chernushki. Two teaspoons of seeds is poured 500 ml of boiling water, put for 10 minutes in a water bath, filtered. Take a decoction inside of 100 ml three times a day one hour before meals. Cumin improves digestion, stabilizes metabolic processes, which favors weight loss.
Outdoor use. For the massage, a cocktail of caraway, pink and grapefruit oils is prepared. Heat the oil in the palms and apply with small circular gestures from the ankles to the waist. Massage do about 7 minutes at each problem area, until the mixture is absorbed. They perform a manipulation at bedtime so that the body does not become supercooled. In addition, black cumin oil is able to tighten the skin when sagging.
Contraindications to the use of black cuminPeople believe that cumin has only medicinal properties, but there are also contraindications to use. Oil and seeds of roman coriander It is not advisable to use for a number of ailments, such as diabetes, gastritis, heart disease, hypotension. It is forbidden to use black cumin to pregnant women, as it causes uterine contraction, and to people who have undergone an organ transplant. Due to an increase in immunity, transplant rejection may occur.
What is black cumin
Other names of the plant are roman coriander, chernukha, chernushka. The biennial plant, which belongs to the umbrella family, grows up to 1 meter. The flowering part of caraway seeds is small, located at the end of the stem. The inflorescences of the plant are white with separate branches. Seeds are formed after flowering - this is a unique medicinal raw material. Collect them from August to September.
Useful properties of cumin
This is one of the oldest spices that were used by man. The benefits of black cumin cooking does not end there. The plant has the property to increase the secretory and motor functions of the stomach. Although cumin is often used as a choleretic agent, it is more often used as an antispasmodic that acts on the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract (gastrointestinal tract). Useful properties of Chernushka:
- boosts immunity
- cleans the vessels
- lowers cholesterol,
- reduces the pain of menstruation,
- helps to improve hormonal levels,
- improves digestion
- has a beneficial effect on milk production during breastfeeding,
- cleans the kidneys,
- increases hemoglobin level
- relieves asthma,
- gives antitumor effect.
Application of black cumin
The unique composition allows the use of the plant for various therapeutic purposes. Each seed contains a large amount of minerals, vitamins, fatty acids, essential oils. There are many micro and macro elements necessary for the normal course of biochemical reactions. Saponins, which are in the composition of niks, have a beneficial effect on reproductive function, protect the body from cancer, have an anabolic effect. The application of the plant is diverse. From it make butter, decoctions, infusions, flour. Seeds for treatment can be used entirely.
With regular use, cumin oil strengthens and restores immunity. This is especially true in the fall and winter, when infectious diseases and colds are rampant. Cumin oil helps to normalize the metabolism, stimulates the production of bone marrow. The tool perfectly helps with loss of strength, exhaustion and fatigue, giving vigor, contributing to an increase in vitality. Black cumin seed oil is recommended to be ingested for recovery in case of liver diseases, diseases of the stomach, during the treatment of prostatitis.
In folk medicine, have long used black cumin seeds, which are chewed on an empty stomach, brewed, make tinctures. The therapeutic effect of the use of ground seed:
- Strengthening immunity. Mix half a teaspoon of natural honey with one teaspoon of seeds (ground). Drink during the month every day 2 times after meals.
- Bloating, flatulence. A glass of boiling water pour 1 tbsp. l seeds. On a water bath, hold for 7 minutes, then let it brew for half an hour. Drink half a glass 2 times / day before meals. The course of treatment is one month.
- Increase breast milk. Boiling water (300 ml) pour 1 tsp. cumin seeds, let it brew. Drink during the day for 4 doses.
If the seeds are crushed into flour, the plant in this form does not lose its medicinal properties. The use of ground black seed powder is important for women and men, as it is useful for any diseases of the genital area. Flour is also used as a preventive measure for the onset of pathologies of the respiratory organs, digestive system, and urinary tract. Apply powdered black cumin should follow the instructions: in 100 ml of warmed (slightly) water to dissolve in 1 tsp. flour and honey. Drink must be drunk 2 times / day for 30 minutes before meals.
In addition to oil, seeds are made from alcohol tincture, which is also used to treat many diseases. Its use has a pronounced anti-inflammatory, diuretic, choleretic property. Caraway tincture stimulates digestion, cleans blood vessels, gives a burst of energy. You can prepare a medicine according to this recipe:
- pour 50 g of crushed chernushka seeds with alcohol or vodka (1 l),
- add 200 grams of sugar or natural honey,
- insist 2 weeks, periodically shaking capacity,
- ready tincture pass through the filter,
- permissible dosage - 1 tsp. 3 times / day before meals,
- consume a caraway drink until it ends.
Black Cumin Treatment
In order not to harm the body, you can not prescribe a treatment yourself. Before any use of cumin as a medicine, it is necessary to consult a doctor. As for the treatment of Roman coriander, then its unique qualities were known in ancient Egypt. Since the 1950s, research institutes from different countries of the world have revealed many useful properties of this spice. Modern medicine uses cumin in the following conditions:
- gallstones, kidneys,
- destruction and prevention of intestinal and gastric worms,
- reduced vitality,
- rheumatism, colds,
- liver inflammation
- cancer prevention and treatment
- sclerosis of cerebral vessels,
- losing weight
Instead of bronchodilator syrups, experts often prescribe roman coriander cough. There are several recipes for treating cumin with respiratory disease. For this, the plant is used in the form of oil and decoction. Several options for using cumin when coughing:
- rub at night breast with a mixture of caraway and olive oils (1: 5),
- inhale the vapors of the oil (inhalation),
- keep under the tongue ¼ part of a spoon of butter,
- decoction (1/2 tsp. per 1/3 liter of water) to drink during the day.