Meadow fescue - one of the most common lawn grasses. It belongs to the family of cereals, is resistant to adverse weather conditions and easy to care. Meadow fescue is a perennial plant, its stem can reach a meter in height. The stem is straight, with small shoots and narrow leaves, has a bright green color. The plant has a strong root system, which is located in the upper layer of soil. The meadow fescue is blooming in June, spike-shaped inflorescences of elongated shape appear in the panicles. After flowering, the fruit is grains.
Meadow fescue seeds are often included in grass mixtures to create lawns.
Advantages of lawn from meadow fescue
Meadow fescue grows very quickly, tolerates frequent mowing, its stems in the canted state do not prick.
This plant is indispensable if there is a need to quickly create a decorative lawn. The peculiarity of fescue is that its root system grows very quickly, forming a large amount of green mass.
If you plant a lawn with meadow fescue in autumn, spring will delight you with a thick green lawn.
This lawn grass is ideal for planting between fruit trees.
The lawn of meadow fescue is durable. With proper care, he will delight his masters for at least 10-15 years.
This type of lawn is ideal for summer cottages and country houses, because it does not need regular maintenance. It tolerates drought normally and can survive about two weeks without watering. But it is better not to abuse it.
Meadow fescue is undemanding to the composition of the soil and can grow well even on sandy soils.
The disadvantages of the lawn of the meadow fescue
With all the advantages of this lawn grass, it has some drawbacks. For example, a lawn from a meadow fescue does not tolerate trampling, so do not use this grass for lawns in places of active pastime.
It is better to sow a lawn in the spring, so that the grass will have time to take root well. It is also recommended to mow the lawn at least several times over the summer, this will improve its appearance.
All the disadvantages of meadow fescue as a lawn grass are leveled by the addition of other herbs. Most often it is mixed with meadow bluegrass, ryegrass and white clover.
Buy seeds of meadow fescue in St. Petersburg
In order for the lawn at the site to please the eye, it is necessary to invest a lot of work in it. And the first step to the goal - is to buy meadow fescue inexpensive and high quality. It is not necessary to buy foreign-made seeds, you can significantly save money and buy inexpensive meadow fescue produced by well-known Russian companies. The advantages of domestic seed producers are reasonable prices, a large selection of herbal mixtures adapted to the existing climatic conditions. Meadow fescue seeds in St. Petersburg can be purchased at the Sad and Seed online store.
Varieties of fescue
Lawn grass has several varieties, each of which will decorate any personal plot:
- Hairy fescue has short roots, but has good thickness. This variety of fescue perfectly tolerates the lack of water and soil salinity, so it can be sown along transport roads.
- Hard fescue is a winter-hardy plant with dark green leaves. It does not have rhizomes at all, so tough grass fescue is usually grown with lawn plants with good roots.
- Meadow fescue grows very quickly, has soft stems that do not thicken as they grow. In landscape design, meadow fescue is used for lawn, for decorating gardens and squares. The plant tightly tightens the surface of the earth in the first year of planting. The resulting seeds of the meadow fescue can be collected and planted the following year.
- Red fescue - the most densely growing grass from the representatives of this plant. It has stronger roots that quickly adapt and cover empty spaces. The plant is suitable for integrated planting on lawns.
Additional Information! In the first year after sowing, the plant develops poorly, and a thick and dense carpet appears in the second or third year.
Red fescue for lawn
Plant height can reach up to 70 cm, creeping rhizome, often branched, is close to the soil surface (not less than 20 cm). If the red fescue is not enough moisture, the roots can go deep into the ground at a distance of up to a meter. Narrow and long leaves with a width of not more than 3 mm, depart from the base of a straight stem. The stems have a smooth texture, which can sometimes be somewhat rough. With the beginning of the summer period, grass forms peculiar ears, from which panicles of violet or red begin to form. From this comes the name of the plant.
Lawn grass goes well with other plants. Seeds for the mixture should be selected in such a way that the plants complement each other, and their neighborhood pleased the owners of private properties with beautiful and dense flowering. Fescue seeds have a light brown color and elongated shape.
Important! It is necessary to select the composition of the mixture for the lawn, taking into account the peculiarities of the soil and the characteristics of the grass.
For planting seeds in a large area, you can use special seed drills, and if you need to sow a small area, you can sow manually. It is best to sow grass in the fall, then next year at the end of spring a beautiful lawn will be formed. Sowing grass recommended breeding method. To do this, you need to make a small depression in the ground and put some seeds in it, then sprinkle it on top with earth. The next hole must be made at a distance of 20 to 25 cm. Fescue seeds can be harvested on their own after the grass has faded, or bought in a store.
For this method, you must first prepare the boxes with the ground. It is desirable to add peat and sand to the soil. After this, the seeds of fescue should be scattered over the surface of the prepared soil and slightly compacted. Drawers must be moved to a cool dark place. After the sprouts appear, the seedlings can be put in a bright place. In the ground planted sprouts, which have already appeared a few leaves. Seed grass should be bunches at a distance of 20 to 25 cm from each other. Sowing seedlings is recommended in March in order to plant ready-made seedlings on the lawn at the end of May.
This breeding method is relevant in the early summer. For reproduction of fescue, you need to dig up the grown plants and separate them, then plant them in the prepared soil.
Note! In order to get a thick cover on the lawn, you need to use more seeds or seedlings for one hole. As they grow, strong shoots will remove weaker blade of grass, and as a result well-established and resistant plants will remain for wintering. Such a fescue turf can easily survive the frost and winter weather, and in spring it will delight with a thick grass carpet.
How to care for fescue
Lawn grass fescue well adapts to any conditions and is quite picky. In order to grow healthier and stronger plants, it is necessary to choose well-lit areas for planting. Any soil will do, but if you want to see a thick cover of healthy cereals on a lawn, then it is better to prepare a fertile, loose soil for planting. The plant is great to tolerate drought, but for more spiky shoots need to carry out regular watering. Soil mulching will have a positive effect on the cultivation of high-grade plants. For this, the ground in the lawn is covered with decorative stones - weeds will be difficult to grow among the stones, and the moisture will evaporate very slowly.
Note! It is recommended to plant fescue after three years from the moment of landing.
When the plant grows panicles, it is recommended to remove them, otherwise the stems are very depleted, and the grass becomes weak. Removal can be combined with a lawn mowing.
Grass fescue is a winter-hardy plant, so it is not necessary to cover it for wintering. With the onset of spring, you can clean the lawn. To do this, gently rake removed dried weeds and dry fallen leaves.
The red fescue suits the lawn more than any other representative of its kind. Bright green carpet is not only highly decorative, but resistant to various kinds of diseases. But there are diseases that can strike a plant:
- Mealy dew. If the grass is struck by this fungal disease, then the first sign will be the appearance of small spots that will eventually become larger and become purple in color. Spots may appear on both sides of the leaflets. If the affected leaves are small, they must be removed. Plant bushes should be treated with a solution of soda ash with the addition of soap or manganese solution. It is recommended to spray the bushes of plants every week. For the prevention of the disease, it is necessary to spray the plants with special means several times over the summer.
- Rust. This is a rather dangerous fungal disease for fescue grass. The disease can be identified by the presence of small spots of orange or rusty color on the leaves. As the grass grows, the spots gradually increase in size and lead the leaf to death. To change the situation and rid the plant of this scourge, you must first remove the affected leaves, and then treat all the bushes with special means.
This lawn grass is very rarely affected by harmful microorganisms. If it can be affected by diseases that even a novice gardener can easily cope with, pests do not threaten fescue at all.
The use of fescue in landscape design
Red fescue is suitable for a lawn as a background plant for filling empty places on the site. It goes well with other ornamental cultures. The use of grass to decorate flowerbeds and lawns in combination with other plants will give a complete image of a decorative idea.
The use of fescue in landscape design
Grass for lawns - the real decoration of any cottage or garden plot. And unpretentiousness and beautiful appearance of fescue made her the favorite of many gardeners.
Meadow fescue is a perennial rather tall grass from the family of semi-chained cereals with a very strong root system. Practically in all descriptions of this plant its high frost resistance and fast regrowth after mowing is noted.
It has numerous direct generative stems, as well as short vegetative, the number of which increases sharply from frequent mowing. The leaves are long and wide, glossy at the bottom, beautiful and rich green color. If you do not shear the grass in time, it forms spikelets in the form of panicles, at first compressed, but scattering during the flowering.
Among the features of the plant should highlight the structure of its root system. Part of it is located in the surface parts of the soil, has a strong creep and serves to nourish the plant. Such roots are thin and live for one season.
The second part of the root system of the perennial perennial roots is thick, which extends vertically deep into, strengthening the plant and at the same time providing it with excellent drought resistance and ability to survive the severe frosts, as well as spring frosts.
Fescue gives a good growth in the first year of life, however, the above-mentioned generative shoots start to appear only from the second year. After 2-3 years, the plant matures and can live for about eight years.
Speaking about the winter hardiness of the plant, it should be noted that, feeling good under the snow, meadow fescue can easily die if after a thaw an ice crust forms on the surface of the ground. Also, this grass does not like sudden changes in temperature in the offseason.
But the abundance of water in the soil after intense thawing of snow, it carries great, even if the moisture stagnates for more than ten days in a row. Such a lawn will survive the drought, but it will look more scarce (the number of vegetative shoots of the grass during the dry period is reduced).
Meadow fescue is widely distributed as a lawn crop, but it is necessary to create suitable conditions for it, since unpretentious this plant is difficult to call. In addition, such lawns necessarily need to regularly cut, because, as seen in the numerous photos, the neglected area with high sprawling spikelets very quickly acquires a sloppy and unattractive appearance.
The advantages and disadvantages of such a lawn
So, the plant as a lawn grass is not suitable for everyone, so it is very important to clearly know what kind of landscape you are going to create, what initial conditions for this you have.
Among the absolute merits of perennial should highlight the following:
- with proper sowing, in the first year of life, the lawn will look completely covered with bright green grass, without ugly bald spots,
- a lawn of such grass forms a very beautiful, smooth and fluffy,
- the plant rises in record time, literally seven days after sowing, and after a month the lawn becomes evenly green,
- having spent once the necessary amount of effort and providing the plant with the minimum necessary care, you can create a lawn that will last for a decade and a half and even longer,
- such a grass, thanks to strong roots, will easily endure a harsh winter and do without watering even in fairly dry weather, if, of course, we are talking about a week or two rather than months (therefore, fescue is a good choice for planting in summer houses where do not live, and come on short visits),
- frequent mowing does not harm the plant, but only improves the appearance of the lawn, while the beveled stems are soft and not prickly,
- annual grass roots grow splendidly across horizontally, making the lawn literally in front of our eyes drawn in a dense green mass,
- fescue can grow well in sunny areas where other herbs dry quickly and turn yellow,
- weed is very well suited for those who want to create a smooth and beautiful coating between the trees.
Fescue meadow completely not suitable for elite lawnswhen the designer aims to get the perfect emerald grass cover, similar to the expensive Persian carpet in the main hall of the royal palace. On such a lawn, as they say, it does not break, but sinks in a gentle, like fluff turf, an egg if tossed from a height of half human height. The heroine of our story will not allow creating such an effect, it is easier for sites.
If you compare the fescue with other lawn grasses, it should be noted that caring for her is quite complicatedYes, and to the composition of the soil the plant makes quite high demands. To make the lawn look attractive, it is very important to sow grass in early spring, only in this case it will have time to form a good root system and enter the winter properly.
Finally, as already mentioned, such lawns need to be cut regularly, otherwise they quickly lose their attractiveness, moreover, the grass begins to clump up from the germination of falling seeds, all the uniformity of coverage will be hopelessly lost.
Thus, for the so-called Moorish lawn - the dream of a lazy summer resident - this grass, unfortunately, is of little use.
Application in grass lawn mixtures
Meadow fescue is used in different lawn mixtures, the composition of which depends on the role they play in landscape design. In this case, most often this grass is still acts as the main plant. However, if, for example, we are talking about the arrangement of a summer barbecue area, the festivity should be added to the lawn mixture in a minimum quantity, since, as already mentioned, as a result of trampling, it completely loses its decorative effect.
On the contrary, the predominant role of this grass can be given to the decorative design of borders or to separate one area of the site from another, as well as to design the carpet between fruit trees.
For the same purpose, another mixture will be suitable (it is also called “universal”): meadow grassfruit, one-year and pasture meadowgrass in the ratio 6: 1: 1: 2 are added to the meadow fescue. For shady gardens, a mixture consisting of red fescue, as well as one-year-old rigassa (the usual ratio is 3: 6: 1) is better suited.
If it is necessary to create a lawn in highly dusty urban conditions, take two parts of meadow fescue: 4.5 parts of timothy grass, 2 parts of one-year rigasse, 2 parts of hedgehogs of the national team or 4 parts of timothy grass and 2 parts of one-year and pasture grasslands or 8 parts raigassa grazing and 2 parts of the annual and 4 parts of timothy meadow.
If you want to have a beautiful lawn, do not expect that it will be formed by itself. Те, кто, купив дачу, заросшую по пояс зеленой травой, решил, что достаточно подстричь ее и подсыпать немного приобретенной в ближайшем супермаркете травосмеси, и он получит лужайку с картинки – жестоко заблуждается.
Другой вопрос, что эту задачу можно решить разными способами. The first, most familiar - digging. Second - chemical attack. In the first case, you spend more energy, in the second - paradoxically, more time, because you can sow new grass no earlier than 1.5-2 months after treatment, and during this period you will watch the sprouting sprouts of new weeds, which it will be necessary to delete already manually.
In addition, the grass killed by poison still needs to be raked and removed from the site, therefore, in any case, it is impossible to do without serious physical labor. If you decide not to resort to chemistry, you do not need to dig up the earth, and only remove the top layer of turf from it - grass along with its roots.
At the same time, such a grass can be used wonderfully: select a small area for this business and fold the removed grass layer with its roots up. It will take a couple of years, the plant will rot, forming a completely new fertile land suitable for use in agricultural work.
In addition to vegetation, you need to remove all rubbish, stones, bricks, remnants of concrete from the plot, otherwise you will not see a beautiful and uniform lawn. The cleared site should be leveled and feed the earth. It is better to use for this special fertilizer for lawn grass. The final stage - trampling down the area and easy loosening.
Land for the lawn should not be like fluff, but large clods must be broken. The plot prepared in this way is best left alone for some time, so that the earth naturally subsides and the remaining weed roots in it appear.
Meadow Fescue best sow springonly in this way the grass will have time to gain a foothold. For germination, it is enough that the external temperature is literally a couple of degrees over zero. Seeds retain their similarity for a long time, with proper storage - up to five years.
The seeding rate on average - 100 g per hundred, but with long-term storage, this number can be increased. The depth of seeding into the ground depends on the mechanical composition of the soil: on heavy soils, it is enough to dig a groove of 1-1.5 cm, on medium and light depth should be increased, respectively, to 2 and 2.5 cm.
After the seeds fall asleep, the grooves are buried with a rake, after which the site is compacted with the feet or a special roller (roller) for rolling the lawn. At the initial stage, the lawn should be watered with a moisture spreader so as not to damage the young shoots.
If the first condition of a good lawn is thorough preparation of the site, then the second is correct and regular maintenance. If you want to have neat green grass around the house and at the same time do not intend to spend your time on it, buy an artificial (synthetic) lawn. Lawn grass is not a weed at all, which grows on its own. However, even weeds in arid summer quickly turn into deadwood, what to speak of ornamental plants.
Especially careful care requires a young lawn. No matter how much it says about the drought-resistant qualities of meadow fescue, it should be borne in mind that you can seriously rely on them no earlier than from 2-3 years after disembarkation.
At first, the grass tolerates drought very hard, especially if you are at least a little late with the sowing. As already mentioned, in the first year the root system is not yet developed, and this process is very slow. It is full watering and regular haircut will ensure the accelerated formation of turf - the root system of our lawn.
But having survived the first year, the fescue still needs to be remembered. At this and subsequent stages lawn care consists of the following activities:
- March: we check the condition of the lawn after winter, if necessary, carefully level the formed depressions so that the melt water is distributed evenly over the section,
- April: we feed the lawn with mineral additives (special attention is paid to nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus),
- May: we remove the garbage that has accumulated on the site and the so-called felt - remnants of cut grass, dry stems and leaves. Remember: felt - a dangerous enemy of the lawn: it does not allow the grass to breathe and, in addition, disfigures the appearance of the lawn. After cleaning, we carry out the first lawn mowing,
- June: another haircut and another alignment area,
- the rest of the summer: cutting, regular watering and fertilizing,
- September: watering is gradually reduced, we feed the earth with phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen at this time should be excluded because it stimulates the growth of grass, and we do not need it at this stage,
- October: the final haircut, it differs from the previous ones in that in the winter it is necessary to leave at least 5 cm of grass, cleaning and airing (slightly loosen the top layer of soil with a rake). At the same time, carefully examine the lawn and, if there are signs of fungal diseases, treat them with a systemic fungicide,
- In winter, lawn care is needed only if it is covered with an ice crust: such a crust needs to be broken, otherwise the grass will die under it.
Grass seed for lawn
Grass seed for lawn
Each lawn differs from each other in the herbs of which it is composed. Lawn herbs themselves are sold in seeds. From what seeds or grass mixture you choose, will depend on the further attractive type of lawn and its durability. We do not recommend giving priority to advertising on a pack when buying seeds, since In most cases, you can buy a "cat in a bag." In order for your lawn to be evergreen and healthy, you need to have knowledge of grass for a lawn before you make a purchase.
We recommend choosing the following types of grass for lawn:
- Meadow grass meadow
- Red fescue
- Meadow Fescue
- White flashes
- Field Bird
- Field Mug
- Polevitsa dog
- Clover white
- Pasture ryegrass
- Lyadvenets horned
All of the above grass for the lawn are easy to grow and maintain, so when buying grass mixtures, pay attention to what the grass is called for the lawn, so that the summary on the package would have the names of these herbs.
Grass for lawn 4 letters - Reps, also suitable for creating a lawn area in his summer cottage.
In this article we want to consider in more detail such grass grasses for a lawn as meadow fescue and red, which we will do below.
Care and cultivation of red fescue
If you want to create a perfectly smooth dark green lawn in your summer cottage, then you need to sow the seeds of red fescue. This cereal plant is very durable and attractive.
The red fescue root system is very thick and strong, which forms a fairly durable and at the same time elastic turf. Some roots of the plant are able to break into the soil to a depth of over 1 meter, although the main part is located at a depth of 20 cm below the earth's surface.
Red fescue develops very quickly, but with a certain fluctuation in growth rate: in the first year the grass grows weakly for the lawn, the next two years a dense green carpet forms, and in the 4th year the red fescue acquires its full maturity.
Among the advantages of red fescue emit:
- Attractive lawn look
- Smooth Herbage
- The ability to quickly become attractive after mechanical damage to the lawn
- The grass after mowing the lawnmower grows evenly throughout the entire plot.
- Frost resistant
Red Fescue Grass
As for the cultivation and care of red fescue, it should be noted that this grass is not too fastidious for a lawn. All that is needed for the normal growth of red fescue is fertile soil, almost any (not suitable only too heavy) and abundant watering of the lawn (red fescue does not tolerate prolonged droughts).
You should also pay attention to the fact that red fescue is a cereal plant that has many different forms and populations: with leaves of bright green, gray-green color, etc.
Type of red fescue
For planting a lawn, it is recommended to choose a red rhizomatous-rylokustovoy and ryhlokustovoy fescue, because These two forms are used to create first-class lawns.
Care and cultivation of meadow fescue
Unlike red fescue, meadow fescue is a more voluminous and highly growing plant. The root system is also too thick and strong. Meadow fescue leaves reach a length of 30 cm and a width of 7 cm. This grass for a lawn has a less durable and resilient grass, than its relative.
Cultivation and care of meadow fescue is more labor intensive. The grass grows already in the first year after sowing, but, like the red fescue, it reaches full maturity closer to 3-4 years.
Despite its volumetric size, meadow fescue tolerates winter frosts, the main thing is to break the ice crust on the snow.
Meadow fescue is not famous for its resistance to trampling, therefore, it is not allowed to walk on such a lawn.
In order to plant meadow festivity in their summer cottage, the soil should not be sandy.
The durability of this grass for a lawn can reach a plate at 15 years with proper care (watering, combing, cutting and in no case walking on the lawn, etc.)
We draw your attention to the fact that meadow fescue is intended to create a landscape lawn. You cannot create a parter lawn from this plant.
Grassland fescue lawn
That's all that we wanted to tell you about the choice of lawn grass and the two most popular applicants: red fescue and meadow fescue.
We also recommend to read the article: lawn care calendar!
The use of meadow fescue in grass mixtures
Fescue in grass mixtures takes different percentages. It often serves as the basis for such sets of herbs. Depending on what kind of lawn you want to get - it is added more or less. If the lawn is planned as a place for active recreation, its composition is smaller, if the lawn is used as decoration, in borders, as a strip dividing different zones - its amount in the mixture is much larger than the rest of the seeds. Most often it is mixed with ryegrass and meadow bluegrass. In some cases, it is mixed with white clover.
Proper care, which consists of watering, systematic mowing, and fertilizer with special preparations, in spring and autumn, will provide an opportunity to enjoy the beautiful green lawn for at least fifteen years.