Celery did not appear yesterday. Even the Egyptians prepared from it healing preparations and beauty masks, which were designed to preserve beauty. In India and Tibet, in China, celery was assigned a large role everywhere. But we have this culture is only now gaining popularity. And not everyone loves celery for its harsh taste. And in vain, because about the benefits of this plant, you can say a lot.
Growing celery in central Russia and especially in Siberia is not an easy job. This is a rather capricious guest in your garden. But the result builds effort. Celery feed and heal. Therefore, if you have a plot of land, then be sure to select the ridge for it.
- The cultivation of stalked celery is very popular. It is boiled and stewed, pickled and salted. Its fiber is absorbed slowly, which contributes to the long-term preservation of satiety.
- It would seem that today there are so many drugs that you can do without this spice. But growing celery on your plot may allow you to use less medicine or do without them. The plant has antiseptic, wound healing and laxative, as well as a diuretic effect. It is an ideal source of vitamins and mineral salts.
In general, if you do not like this plant, then it's time to change the attitude towards it. Growing celery at your summer cottage will greatly save on vitamin complexes, as it is an excellent alternative.
Stalked and root
There are two main forms of the plant. One forms a juicy and fleshy stems, and the second - the roots. We will talk about the technology of growing each of them. Many gardeners planted the beds of both, since the one and the other have their advantages.
Growing celery begins with planting seedlings. A heat-loving plant does not tolerate frosts poorly, so it is recommended to sow plants in boxes in boxes in the spring, and then transplant them to the ground. So you do not lose time and get a harvest for sure.
This is a "tug-like" vegetable with capricious seeds. They ascend for a long time, slowly grow, and some of them refuse to leave the ground altogether. Therefore, if you wait for steady heat and sow them in open ground, you risk remaining without a crop at all. Since it is desirable to grow celery by mid-summer, you should start planting it in containers in February or wait until March.
Practice shows the amazing property of seeds. Their germination improves with time. Therefore, if you managed to find in the store a pack of seeds of three or four years old, you can expect friendly and strong shoots.
We select the soil
For seedlings need to prepare boxes with a light, nutritious mixture. To do this, mix in different parts of the garden soil and humus, as well as sand. Substrate needs to be moistened a little, and on top it should be covered with a thick layer of snow. Seeds germinate best when they are immersed in snow. Gradually, together with the melt water, they fall into the soil and germinate. Returning to when to sow celery seedlings, we can say that before the end of winter. Of course, in each region is different, but you need to focus on the second half of February.
The seeding depth is not important, so it is better to take containers not deep, but wide. Wait for the first shoots will have quite a long time. If you have not processed the seed, the wait can be delayed for three weeks. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend pre-soaking them in a stimulator solution. This culture is very demanding on the content of nutrients. Therefore, it is best to buy fertile soil in the store.
If you have never grown this vegetable, you may be unpleasantly surprised. Weak, thin shoots do not look convincing at all. Therefore, before planting is required to learn how to grow celery. Now shoots need special care. They are watered by spraying, and try not to overwet the soil, so as not to destroy them.
Up to the appearance of the first true leaflets, one should observe the greenhouse growing regime. That is, be sure to close the landing with film or glass for the night and open it during the day. It is necessary to care for the seedlings according to the standard scheme, that is, maintaining the correct temperature and watering conditions and airing regularly. Seedlings grow slowly, but most often this is the only problem faced by the gardener.
We grow strong seedlings
It is in the first week that there is a danger that the seedlings will stretch. To prevent this, it is recommended to organize the illumination with phytolamps. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the temperature. To do this, you can take the box with the seedlings in the hallway or put it on the balcony. Every day, the earth must be moistened with an atomizer.
As soon as the plants rise above the ground, you need to fully open the box. Regularly perform thinning. So you provide strong seedlings more likely to become full-fledged plants.
Seedlings of stalked celery need a procedure after the first full leaves appear. It is best to choose cups with a retractable bottom, so as not to damage the root system during transplantation into the ground. When picking celery, you need to pin the main root a few centimeters. After that, it is transferred to a separate cup. It can be a special, peat, or pre-used jar of yogurt or sour cream. It is necessary to bury the plant down to the first leaves.
Transplant in the garden
The transfer of celery to open ground is carried out only in late May or early June. More precisely, based on the analysis of the climatic features of the region. By this time, the sprouts are already mature. Planting stalked celery should be carried out according to the scheme of 25 * 25 cm. In order to keep the bed from becoming crusted, it is recommended to use mulch. For this, sawdust and straw are used. For weaker sprouts, you can build a coating in the form of plastic cups without a bottom.
Sowing directly into the ground
Immediately after planting, celery needs to be fed using liquid fertilizers. Today there are varieties that can be sown immediately in the ground. This is an early golden feather and Utah. This method has its pros and cons. On the one hand, less work for the gardener. On the other hand, further thinning of the seedlings will be required. The seeds are very small, even with the help of the tape you will not be able to distribute them evenly across the rows. But your goal - to get lush bushes, which means they must have room for growth.
Soil preparation for planting is performed using standard technology. It is necessary to dig up the ground in autumn and remove all weeds. After this, carry out the appropriate soil fertilization. Humus is excellent, but not fresh manure. Its introduction will lead to the development of spotting in plants, which is very difficult to cope with. With the onset of warm days, it is recommended to feed the earth with phosphorus and potassium.
Optimum acidity is 7 ph. If necessary, lime or dolomite must be added to normalize these figures. The beds are slightly tamped and leveled. It is necessary to arrange a good drainage of the beds, for which special grooves for the removal of moisture are equipped.
Growing stalked celery
Focusing on the climatic conditions of the region, it is possible to decide when to sow celery on seedlings. But today we take the average date. That is, in February, you need to sow the seeds, and in May carry them into the ground. Growing plants from seedlings is not difficult at all. Care is reduced to the following rules:
- It is necessary to carry out regular watering, but at the same time focus on weather conditions and soil conditions. Watering celery is very important, the ground should be constantly wet, but do not let the water stagnate.
- The plant requires organic fertilizer at intervals of 1 time in 10 days.
- Hilling. Applies to all grades, except those that are able to whiten themselves. They need to spud with a frequency of 1 time in 3 weeks.
Features and difficulties
Radix celery is a capricious culture, so the gardener must be prepared for certain difficulties. Most often, the main problem is the calculation of the right amount of moisture. If there is little watering, the middle part of the stem becomes inedible. At the same time, outwardly, this can not be determined; the plant looks healthy.
If you plant weak seedlings or one that has already outgrown, then you can achieve the formation of peduncles. This will also make the plants unfit for food.
If putrefactive bacteria penetrate into the trunk, this can cause pathological processes in the core.
If watering is insufficient, it can affect the development of petioles. In such conditions, they crack.
For the cultivation of root vegetables
Celery root is considered less whimsical. It is most often grown in seedlings. In mid-May, you can plant plants in open ground. And even in this case, it is required to monitor the weather forecast and cover the beds in case of frosts. When supercooling, the plant throws out a flower spike, now the root crop will not form. You get a bed of panicles that are not useful even to collect a bouquet.
If the danger of freezing still persists, but you decide to plant celery, then it is recommended to build a small greenhouse directly above the garden bed. Reasons to rush there. The fact is that the late planting of celery has a negative effect on the growth and development of this culture.
Yields are directly dependent on the quality of care provided. Celery root should not be submerged deep in the ground. The growth point is always above the surface. This will allow to get a quality crop.
It is necessary to plant a root crop in such a way that the distance between plants is at least 30 cm. Now we need to water the plants regularly and remove weeds. Make sure that the pests do not attack juicy greens. Especially love her slugs. At the first appearance of damaged leaves, it is required to start fighting gastropods before they destroy the planting. Dark spots and drying leaves can talk about viral or bacterial diseases.
Secrets of a great harvest
Unlike petiolate, celery root can be perfectly preserved throughout the winter. Therefore, it is better to grow it more and put it in the cellar, in a box of sand. There are fairly simple rules that will allow you to get excellent results:
- It is not recommended to cut the foliage. This will weaken the bushes, and they will not be able to form a root crop.
- Hilling of plants in this case will only bring harm. This procedure provokes the release of lateral roots.
- As soon as the active growth of the spine begins, it is necessary to scoop up the soil from the top of the root. The processes on the sides are trimmed with a knife for the same purpose.
- The soil must be kept constantly wet. This is a key point that will allow you to get excellent harvest. It is important not to fill the bed. Watering should be maintained until the collection of fruits. This will allow you to grow fragrant and tasty celery. Watering is done exclusively under the root.
Feeding celery should be made as needed. Unlike a petiole plant, in this case you should not get carried away with this procedure. To increase the yield, it is recommended to feed plants with herbal extract and mullein. With the appearance of signs of weakening of the culture, monophosphate and nitrogen-containing substances should be introduced. A large number of them leads to the appearance of scab and other diseases. Once the foliage begins to dry, you can harvest.
Instead of conclusion
Celery is one of the most healthy vegetables that should be on your table all year round. In the summer it can be juicy petioles, and in the winter - root vegetables. They can be added to soups and salads. Nutritionists emphasize that regular consumption of celery allows not only to compensate for the deficiency of nutrients in the body, but also to lose weight. This becomes possible due to the content of a large amount of fiber in it, which is digested for a long time and gives a feeling of satiety.
Planting and care for celery (briefly)
- Landing: sowing seeds for seedlings of root celery - at the end of February, leaf - two weeks later. Planting seedlings in the garden - in early May.
- Lighting: bright sunshine.
- The soil: friable, light and fertile loamy or sandy soils of weakly alkaline or neutral reaction.
- Watering: once a week at a consumption of 20-25 l of water for each m² of land.
- Top dressing: 4 times per season: in the seedling period one week after picking - with Nitrophoska solution, one week after planting seedlings in the ground - with grass extract, after another 2 weeks - with mullein solution or chicken manure, at the end of July - with superphosphate solution.
- Breeding: seed.
- Pests: celery (borsch) flies, carrot flies, bean aphids.
- Diseases: rust, septoriosis (late burn, or white spot), chalcosporosis (early burn), peronospora, and cucumber mosaic virus.
Celery Plant - Description
What does celery look like? Vegetable celery is a two-year herbaceous plant up to 1 m high with a thickened root. In the first year of life, it forms a root crop and a rosette of pinnately disseminated, glossy, dark green leaves, and only in the second year the stalk of celery forms, and by mid-July the plant blooms with greenish-white flowers, collected in umbrella inflorescences. Celery is a cold-resistant and moisture-loving plant, the seeds of which germinate at 3 ºC, although the optimum temperature for germinating celery seeds is 15 ºC. Emerged shoots are able to transfer frosts to -5 ºC. The fruit of celery has a rounded shape, it is almost twofold, with filiform ribs in each half. Three celery varieties are grown in culture - root, leaf and petiole, or stem. Today, dill, celery and parsley are the most popular green crops in the garden and on the table.
We will tell you all about growing and caring for celery: how to plant celery, how to grow celery, how root celery is cultivated, how leaf celery is different from growing petiolate and how to protect all types of celery from diseases and pests. We hope that the information collected in our article will be useful to you.
When to plant celery seedlings.
Since the growing season of celery is from 120 to 170 days, it has to be grown in seedlings. Planting of root celery for seedlings is carried out 70-75 days before planting seedlings into open ground - that is, at the end of February, and leaf seeds of celery are sown two weeks later. Celery planting is anticipated by preparing its seeds. The fact is that the presence of essential oil prevents the rapid swelling and germination of celery seeds - sometimes germination has to wait up to 3-4 weeks. To speed up the germination of celery seeds, they need to be bubbled - hold the day in water saturated with oxygen, then pickled for 45 minutes in a one-percent solution of potassium permanganate, then rinse in clean water and dry. There is another way of pre-sowing treatment: first, the seeds are etched for 45 minutes in a one-percent solution of potassium permanganate, washed and soaked for 2 hours in a solution of 2 drops of Appin in half a glass of water.
After processing, celery seeds are spread in a thin layer on a damp cloth for germination at a temperature of 20-22 ºC, and only when they are nestled, they are sown in boxes with nutritious soil mixture consisting of one part of turf ground, three parts of lowland peat, and one part of humus with the addition of coarse sand. In a bucket of the substrate to make a teaspoon of urea and a glass of wood ash.
As soon as some of the seeds begin to peck, mix all the seeds with sand and sow them in boxes with a wet substrate into the grooves made 3-4 cm apart from each other, sprinkle them through a sieve with a thin layer of wet sand, cover the sowing with a film or glass and put them in a warm place.
Care for celery seedlings.
Shoots begin to appear in about a week. If necessary, moisten the soil in boxes of fine spray with warm water. The temperature in anticipation of germination should be 22-25 ºC, but as soon as the seeds begin to germinate, the coating is removed, and the box is transferred as close as possible to light, and the temperature is lowered to 16 ºC.
The first month and a half celery seedlings grow very slowly. В фазе развития одного-двух настоящих листьев сеянцы черешкового и листового сельдерея следует проредить, чтобы расстояние между ними было 4-5 см, или пикировать их в более просторную емкость. Рассада корневого сельдерея пикируется по отдельным торфо-перегнойным горшочкам, при этом центральный корень укорачивают на треть. При пересадке в горшочки сеянцы погружают в грунт до половины подсемядольного колена.After picking, the seedlings for several days protect from direct sunlight with damp paper. At this time, a temperature regime is established for seedlings: during the day, 15–16 ºC; at night, 11–12 ºC.
Growing and caring for root celery in the seedling period is no different from caring for the seedlings of leaf or stem varieties: seedlings must be watered and fed, and the soil around them loosened. The first dressing of seedlings is carried out a week and a half after picking or thinning a teaspoon of Nitrophoska with a nutrient solution in a bucket of water at the rate of 2-3 tablespoons per plant. If it seems to you that the seedlings look too pale, spend 2-3 additional feeding on seedlings with urea at an interval of 10-12 days. To prevent seedlings from getting burned, after feeding, wash the nutrient solution with clean water through a sieve. For a week and a half before transplanting seedlings to the garden, begin to harden it: for a while every day, take out seedlings to fresh air, gradually increasing the duration of the procedure until the seedling can be outside all day and night.
How to grow celery at home.
Planting and caring for celery grown from seeds at home is not much different from the cultivation of celery seedlings just described by us. At home, you can grow celery and from the root - this method is much easier to perform and gives a faster result, but celery grown from seeds will serve you longer. Every 2-3 months you can plant a new root crop or be patient and grow celery from seeds, which will feed you with fresh greens for more than a year.
For the cultivation of celery from the root you need a pot about 20 cm high, which is planted depending on the size of the planting material from one to three root crops, the upper part of which, after planting, must remain above the ground. The soil in the pot, consisting of one part of biohumus and two parts of coconut fiber, compacted and watered. The composition of the soil for celery may be different. Where to get a root crop for planting? Dig in the country or buy in the market from grandmothers. The first green will appear in two weeks.
Celery seed, planted as described in the previous section, will give the first greens for cutting only in a month and a half, but you will receive a growth of greens a year, or even more. For sowing, it is better to take seeds of early varieties of root celery. After the presowing treatment, they are sown in a moist soil to a depth of 5 mm and covered with glass or film.
Celery is moisture-loving, therefore, in the summer period it needs frequent and abundant watering. Winter irrigation should be more rare and modest. For moistening the soil, tap water at room temperature at least for a day is used. Keep a bowl of celery on a pan so that you can drain excess water from it.
To home-grown celery fed you fresh herbs for as long as possible, do not forget to feed it. Once every 2-3 weeks, add a teaspoon of Agrolife to the top layer of soil or dilute the cap of the medium Growth in 2 liters of water and pour celery once a week with this solution. With proper care, celery from the root will serve you three or four months, and from seeds - more than a year.
Species and varieties of celery, which are ideal for giving
Celery is a plant with a large number of varieties, but divisible into only three species, among them leaf celery, root and petiolate. Each species differs from the other by certain characteristics: appearance, peculiarities of cultivation, proper planting and much more. Consider each type of celery separately.
- Leaf celery does not have root and stalks. This type is the earliest type of celery from all the above, it is widely used in the preparation of salads, as a seasoning and even in baking. Leaf celery has many healthy varieties that contain a large amount of vitamins for the human body, among these varieties the main ones are “vigor” (high yield, frost resistance and ability to withstand drought, it has high taste properties and early ripening, it is used mainly for consumption fresh), zachar (the latest ripening variety of leaf celery, has a large amount of vitamins and high yields), sail (the most unpretentious variety, high HALE harvest ripening fast enough, good taste and aroma of the plant), "Samurai" (widely used in cooking, has a good flavor and aroma, it matures quickly).
- Celery stalk - celery, which in comparison with other species contains the greatest amount of vitamins and minerals. The plant has a high taste and pleasant aroma, however, it has a low frost resistance, which is not very good for our areas, and a short storage period, which is also a bad feature. Among the main varieties of stalked celery, one can distinguish the variety “golden” (average ripening time and increased yield), “malachite” (fast ripening period, but not a very good indicator of yield), “male prowess” (medium ripening and low yield) , "Atlas" (medium ripening period and high yield).
- Celery Root - not the most common type of celery to grow it in his area, but this variety is widely used in cooking and has a large set of healing properties. Celery root has a pleasant aroma, good harvest, but a person needs to spend a lot of effort, energy and time on its cultivation, care and planting. Root celery varieties are not very common in Russia, but among them the main ones are “Prague giant” (fast ripening, high yield, good taste and pleasant aroma), “apple” (increased immunity to various diseases and pests, average harvest time , high yield, pleasant aroma and high sugar content), “Anita” (fast ripening, increased immunity, is widely used for harvesting).
Proper planting in the country
Planting celery is an important step that must be done according to all requirements and criteria in order to get a rich and abundant crop. Celery does not require any transcendental actions when planting; however, the correct celery landing is accompanied by the following list of rules.
- the right soil for celery is a soil that is rich in humus and various organic substances,
- the plant requires a place well lit by the sun,
- to celery on the soil can be planted various vegetable crops, the plant in this plan unpretentious,
- humus should be added to the soil before planting, so the earth will be saturated with the substances necessary for the plant,
- celery must be planted in rows or between the beds of any vegetable crops,
- the main neighbors of the plant should be vegetables, whose environment is mainly potatoes, cabbage, onions, garlic and cucumbers,
- in addition to humus, wood ash should be added to the soil,
- After planting, the plants must be watered abundantly and covered with wet paper,
- the best sowing period is the end of spring.
Care and cultivation of celery leaf
Leaf celery - unpretentious plant that is grown with seedlings or with the help of seeds. The second method of cultivation has the following features
- for planting celery using seeds, it is necessary to prepare the soil in advance using various fertilizers, including peat, humus, wood ash and many others,
- seeds should be pretreated,
- for successful cultivation it is necessary to maintain the temperature up to twenty degrees Celsius.
The first method of cultivation requires compliance with the following rules
- clearly distributed daylight
- favorable air temperature
- timely watering.
Plant care is quite simple, you only need to follow the following rules.
- timely weeding and cleaning of unnecessary vegetation,
- systematic watering
- mulching, which will help reduce the time spent on caring for celery.
Care and cultivation of root celery
Root celery is a plant whose cultivation is best done only by seedlings, but you can also use seed cultivation, which has the same characteristics as the cultivation of leaf celery seeds. Growing root celery requires compliance with the following rules.
- timely watering,
- reducing harvest to a minimum
- adding to the soil and seedlings all the necessary organic and mineral fertilizers.
Caring for celery root does not take you much time, you only need to fulfill the following plant requirements
- hilling of the fetus,
- soil loosening
- timely watering,
- harvesting must be done in mid-autumn,
- Before harvesting, remove all excess plant parts and work the soil.
Care and cultivation of stalked celery
As we already know, stalked celery is a type of celery, which has the greatest amount of vitamins and microelements that are necessary for the human body, therefore planting and growing this type in the country is the most common. The cultivation of stalked celery can be produced both by seedlings and seeds, you just need to fulfill the following requirements
- hilling up of a plant
- to produce bleaching stalks.
Care for stalked celery is quite simple. Required only
- timely watering,
- soil mulching
- removal of unnecessary parts of the plant before harvesting,
- harvesting is done before the frost, otherwise the plants will die.
- constant soil loosening.
Diseases and pests of celery
Each gardener who does not fulfill the requirements for the care and cultivation of celery may face various pests and plant diseases that require timely elimination. Among these diseases are the main
- bacterial spotting,
- heart rot,
- other types of rot that destroy various parts of the plant,
- viral mosaic.
And among the main celery pests are considered
- carrot fly larvae
- various snails and slugs.
To avoid the appearance of these pests and diseases, it is necessary to properly care for the plants, spray them with various harmless substances, as well as to prevent and plant with different crops that are able to protect celery from these pests and diseases.
Every plant needs fertilizer, including celery. The main fertilizers for him are
- various organic fertilizers (peat, compost, humus and others),
- nitrogen fertilizer
- potassium fertilizer
- phosphate fertilizer
Fertilization is often necessary, as the plant loves various fertilizers that help it grow and develop.
First of all, I would like to identify the main types that we will talk about today. This is celery leaf, stalk and root.
Growing leaf celery makes it possible to obtain green and succulent leaves of the plant, which can be cut throughout the warm period.
Growing petioles are practiced by summer residents, as well as large commercial enterprises working with fresh greens to get juicy plant petioles for preparing various dishes and even alcoholic cocktails.
Growing root celery helps to get the roots, respectively, which in a good season can be up to 600-800 g per plant.
Varieties for planting in the country
Each individual variety is distinguished not only by its appearance, but also by its taste and field of application.
At the moment, quite separate varieties are known, but the following are in greatest demand:
- Celery leaf - Gentle, Kartuli, Cheerfulness, Zakhar,
- petiole - Junga, Malachite, Golden, White feather,
- Root - Maxim, Diamant, Esaul, Gribovsky, Apple.
Among the varieties of plants presented, you can choose absolutely anyone, since by creating certain conditions and observing the agrotechnology of cultivation, you can get good results. But pay attention to what kind of plant you are most suited to, early or late.
Celery leaf is considered to be a fairly cold-resistant plant that can tolerate frosts or even hibernate as an adult without loss. At the very beginning of its development, it grows weakly, and this is very noticeable. This is due to the small seeds and not very good germination, and therefore, experienced gardeners prefer the cultivation of leaf celery seedlings.
Sowing Celery Leaf Seeds
When the seeds are prepared, they can be sown in a special soil mixture. The best for this is considered to be a mixture of sand, leaf soil, humus and peat, a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. Sowing is done in early March, in ready-made wooden boxes with the specified soil mixture. Sow the seeds should be shallow, close up with peat powder. Further, for almost a week, until the seeds sprout, you will be required to withstand a stable ambient temperature within + 17 + 20 ° C. After the seeds sprout, the temperature should be lowered to + 15 ° С. Growing seedlings requires a clearly rationed daylight, a certain temperature regime and accurate, timely watering (preferably through a sieve), only in such a case, the seedlings will be strong and suitable for transfer to open ground. If, however, allow for errors, greens can just go to the growth. At that moment, when a young plant gives two true leaves, it should be dived with the pinching of the main root, which will contribute to the steady development of the root system of the seedling. Transfer to the open ground occurs in April or early May; the landing pattern is 25–25 cm.
Celery breeding specialists say that the plant does not need to be planted into the ground very deeply so that the growing point is on the surface. After planting, the care of the crop itself is very simple and does not steal a lot of time.
First of all, watch for the timely cleaning of weeds between the rows of planted plants, as well as systematic watering. So that a crust is not formed and does not stand on the surface of the soil, which does not benefit celery, it is constantly loosened, preferably after each watering. But, in order to reduce temporary costs, you can mulch the soil, which will enable it to retain the amount of moisture necessary for the growth and development of the crop, eliminate the lush vegetation of weeds inside the celery bed, and also the formation of a crust. Adhering to the correct technology of cultivation, you will be able to harvest in the middle of July - early August.
Growing Celery Root
Due to the very long period of the growing season, it is desirable to produce only the seedling method. Cultivation from seeds occurs in almost the same way as in the case of leaf celery, it is only necessary to plant the crop a month earlier, after having prepared the seeds well.
Also, there are certain peculiarities of growing celery root, among which there is a double picking during transplanting, the correct preparation of seedlings and fertilizer to enhance growth and harvest strength for the season.
We also recommend you think about the very form of the plant, from which you need the root. Of course, in the process of growth, you can also collect leaves, but it is necessary to limit the amount of collection to a minimum, since only at the end of the season, the main organic matter from the leaves will begin to accumulate in the roots. In the other case, a good harvest can not be obtained.
When planting celery in open ground.
Planting celery in open ground is carried out at the stage of development in seedlings of 4-5 leaves with growth of 12-15 cm, when 50-60 days pass from the moment of emergence of shoots. 2-3 hours before transplanting seedlings to a bed of them watered abundantly. The best time to transplant seedlings to the site is the middle of the first decade of May. Do not overstay seedlings of root celery, otherwise it will be difficult to expect high-quality root crops from it. Before planting, seedlings are watered abundantly so that it is easier to remove it along with a clod of earth from a pot or box.
Soil for celery.
Growing celery and care in the open field begins with the preparation of the site. Celery likes friable, light, fertile sandy soils of neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. A bed for celery is placed in an open, sunny place. The best precursors for celery are legumes, cabbage, tomatoes and cucumbers, but after crops such as dill, parsley, parsnips and carrots, celery is best not to grow.
Участок под сельдерей нужно подготовить с осени: почву перекапывают на глубину штыка лопаты, распределяя на каждый м² по 3,5-4 кг перегноя или компоста и по 20 г двойного суперфосфата. Весной на участке рыхлят грунт, одновременно внося на каждый м² по 35-40 г комплексного минерального удобрения.
Посадка сельдерея в грунт.
Как сажать сельдерей в открытый грунт? Seedlings of root celery are planted on a bed at a distance of 40-50 cm in a row with interrow spans of the same width, and celery and leaf celery are placed 15-20 cm apart, keeping the distance between rows about 30 cm. You can plant celery between beds of crops such as garlic , potatoes, onions. Add handfuls of humus and ashes to each well, mix them with the ground and deepen each seedling to the cotyledons during planting, then compact the soil around the seedlings and pour the area. After planting, the seedlings for a few days shade with a bright sun paper.
Growing celery in the ground.
Growing and care for stalked celery is in some ways different from growing root or leaf celery. In general, you have to perform well-known procedures - mulching, watering, weeding, loosening the soil, and, if necessary, treatment from pests and diseases. In order to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil and the formation of crusts on it, the area with celery immediately after planting is covered with a layer of peat, sawdust or mowed grass.
Three weeks before the petiole or stem celery is harvested, its bushes are highly roughened, which helps to bleach the petioles, reduce the bitter taste and content of essential oils with a pungent smell.
If you grow celery root, release its upper part from the soil in mid-summer, cutting off the lateral roots, and pressing the leaves of the celery root to the ground. Do not worry about the fact that they break - it will not hurt the plant, on the contrary, this technique contributes to the formation of the largest root crop.
When it is time to harvest, the stalked celery, as well as the root, is completely harvested, and the leaf celery can be used for home distillation in winter: dig up plants with a clod of earth before the first cold weather occurs and plant them in pots.
Celery in the open field can be ill with such diseases:
Rust - it is manifested in the beginning of summer by the appearance of red-brown pads on the underside of the petioles, leaves and stalks of celery. With the development of the disease, the affected parts of the plant turn yellow and dry out, losing taste. To combat rust, treatment of the Fitosporin-M plant is used, diluting 4-5 ml of the preparation in a liter of water - this amount of solution is enough for processing 10 m²
Septoria, or white spot, or late burn inflamed celery at the end of summer: numerous yellow specks appear on the leaves, oblong depressed brown-brown spots appear on the petioles. Cold rainy weather stimulates the development of the disease. For the treatment of celery from septoria, the plant is sprayed with solutions of Fundazole or Topsina-M. The last treatment session should be carried out no later than 3 weeks before cleaning,
Cercospora or early burn manifests itself in a damp, cold pore with sharp temperature changes: on leaves in large numbers there are roundish spots with a diameter of up to 5 mm with a brown rim and a light middle. On the petioles, spots are oblong, and if the humidity of the air rises, the spots are covered with a violet bloom. As a result of the development of the disease, the affected petioles and leaves dry. To combat the disease using the same methods as in the treatment of septoria,
Downy mildew affects the above-ground part of the plant, settling on it with a whitish web-like bloom, which eventually turns into a felt film with black dots. The disease progresses with cold dews and sudden changes in humidity and air temperature. The best folk remedy for powdery mildew is an infusion of field sow thistle, 300 g of which in crushed form needs to be poured over 5 liters of water and infused for about 8 hours,
Cucumber Mosaic - viral disease. Depending on which virus strain struck celery, it appears as large rings on the tops of the plants causing their deformation, or small rings, slowing the growth of celery. Sick plants should be removed from the garden immediately. Since viral diseases are incurable, the fight against insects that carry viruses - aphids and mites.
The best protection of celery against diseases is their prevention. In order not to resort to the treatment of plants with chemicals, it will be sufficient to process the seeds before planting, observe crop rotation and agricultural technology of the crop, not plant the plants too close to each other, remove all plant residues from the site after harvest, and carry out deep soil digging.
Of insects most often celery is harmed by the following:
Celery (borsch) fly, which at the end of May flies from a cowberry and lays eggs under the peel of celery leaves, from which bumps form on them. Fly larvae eat away leaf tissue, leaving long strokes. Celery stalks acquire a bitter taste from this, and the crop yield is generally reduced. So that this insect does not appear in your garden, remove the weeds in time, and plant a bow next to the celery that frightens the celery fly,
Carrot fly flies out in spring and lays eggs under plants, and the larvae that appear from them damage the roots, stems and leaves of celery. For a season this pest gives two generations. To get rid of carrot flies, sprinkle the soil between the rows of celery with a mixture of dry mustard, sand and tobacco dust in equal parts several times at weekly intervals,
Bean aphid - the largest form of aphids. Each generation of it develops in just two weeks. Aphids are sucking pests, biting through celery leaves and feeding on their juice. In addition, the aphid is a carrier of dangerous and incurable diseases, so the fight against it must be waged mercilessly: at the first signs of its appearance, spray celery with decoction or infusion of tops of tomatoes, potatoes or dandelion. You can use a water extract of citrus peels: 1 part of the crusts pour 10 parts of water and insist 3-5 days.
As a preventive measure, weeds should be removed from the garden in a timely manner, crop residues removed after harvesting and deep digging should be carried out.
grown primarily for its root, the healing properties of which are comparable to the ginseng root. Celery roots range in weight from 500 to 900 g. Since the celery season is at least 120 days, we don’t have to talk about early varieties of the crop, so we offer you an introduction to the best mid-season, middle-ripening and late varieties of celery. The most popular srednerannymi celery varieties include:
- – Prague giant - from the emergence of seedlings to the ripening of celery root crops of this variety, 120 days pass. The roots of the Prague giant are large, repovid, their flesh is light, tender, fragrant, of excellent taste,
- – Apple - depending on weather conditions, this fruitful and disease resistant variety is ripening from 90 to 160 days. Its roots are round, weighing from 80 to 140 g, with white flesh rich in sugars. The fruits of this variety are beautifully stored,
- – Gribovsky - the growing season of this variety is 120-150 days, the weight of rounded root crops is from 65 to 135 g, their flesh is fragrant, light with yellow spots. Roots of this variety are consumed both fresh and dried,
- – globe - a variety with large rounded root vegetables weighing from 150 to 300 g with white, juicy, dense flesh with insignificant voids,
- – Diamond - The growing season of this varietal resistant variety is about 150 days. Smooth, rounded root vegetables reach an average weight of 200 g. The flesh remains white even after heat treatment.
Middle-ripening celery root varieties include:
- – Albin - this high-yielding variety ripens within 120 days. It has rounded root vegetables about 12 cm in diameter with white, juicy pulp without voids,
- – Egor - ripens in 170 days. Root crops are large, round, smooth, weighing up to 500 g, yellowish-gray with green. The pulp is aromatic, white and sweet,
- – Esaul - large, weighing up to 300 g, roundish grayish-white roots of this variety ripen in 150-160 days. Root roots of this variety are concentrated in the lower part,
- – Strong man - it takes about 170 days for ripening of round root crops of this variety. They weigh up to 400 g, white with a yellow tinge. The pulp is fragrant, white, sweet,
- – Giant - light beige roots of this highly productive variety reach a mass of 700 g. Their flesh is white, dense, sweet and juicy.
Of the later varieties of root celery, the most popular are:
- – Anita - ripening time 160 days. This fruitful variety is resistant to chafing, round or oval root vegetables weighing about 400 g of light beige color are distinguished by a snow-white flesh that does not lose color even after heat treatment,
- – Maksim - rounded root crops of this variety are weighed up to 500 g for about 200 days. They have creamy flesh of tender savory taste.
grown in order to throughout the summer to get fragrant leaves with a high content of vitamins. This variety of celery root vegetables does not form. The most popular celery varieties of this variety are:
- – Kartuli - mid-early Georgian variety, resistant to drought and low temperatures, with fragrant leaves on dark green petioles, growing several times over the summer period. Use leaves of this variety in both fresh and dried,
- – Gentle - also sredneranny variety, technical ripeness of which occurs within 105-110 days after germination. The leaves of this variety are also consumed fresh and dried,
- – Sail - the fruitful early ripe grade ripening in 85-90 days. The leaves have a strong aroma and good taste,
- – Zahar - mid-season high-yielding variety, giving greens two to three times more than other leafy varieties. The leaves are tender and fragrant,
- – Cheerfulness - mid-season universal variety resistant to drought and low temperatures and ripening for 65-70 days. The leaves are highly dissected, glossy and fragrant,
- – Samurai - one of the most popular middle-ripened celery leaf varieties with strongly corrugated fragrant leafy plates similar to curly parsley. This variety matures in 80-85 days,
- – Spartan - variety with large dark green fragrant leaves, ripening in 80-85 days.
Celery stalked (stem).
The value of stem celery in fleshy petioles, the thickness of which reaches 4-5 cm. Like the leaf celery, the stalked celery does not form. Known celery celery varieties include:
- – Malachite - to obtain thick, juicy and fleshy petioles of this medium early variety, it will take about 80 days. The leaves of this variety are dark green,
- – Gold - also a medium early variety, ripening in 150 days. The stalks of this variety not only have excellent taste, but also bleach on their own,
- – Tango - middle stem stem, ripening in 170-180 days, with bluish-green, strongly curved long petioles without coarse fibers,
- – Triumph - medium late variety, giving juicy and fleshy petioles of dark green color with a length of 25-30 cm.
In addition to the described celery varieties, such varieties as Yudinka, Snowball, Pascal, Odzhansky, Non Plus Ultra, Cascade, Zvindra, Delicacy and others are cultivated in the culture.
Useful properties of celery.
What is useful celery? Celery leaves and root crops contain amino acids, valuable for the human body, carotene, nicotinic acid, essential oils, boron, chlorine, calcium, iron, manganese, magnesium, zinc, potassium, selenium, phosphorus, sulfur, vitamins A, C, E, K , B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and fiber.
A unique set of proteins, vitamins, acids and minerals contained in celery, ensures the stability of cells in the body and slows the aging process. Celery has a calming effect - celery herbs are used in the treatment of nervous disorders caused by overwork. Celery essential oil stimulates the secretion of gastric juice. Celery is included in the menu of patients with diabetes, because its leaves normalize metabolism. It is shown to older people in need of stimulation of water-salt metabolism.
Celery contains coumarins that relieve migraine headaches. Possessing an anti-inflammatory effect, celery reduces swelling and relieves joint pain in gout, arthritis and rheumatism.
Celery has anti-allergic, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and laxative properties. It improves the overall tone of the body and stimulates mental and physical performance.
Celery juice cleanses the blood and eliminates skin diseases, especially if it is mixed with dandelion juice and nettle. It is used to treat gastrointestinal diseases, diathesis, urticaria and urolithiasis. For external use - treatment of ulcers, wounds, burns and inflammations - you need to skip the celery greens through a meat grinder and mix it in equal proportions with melted butter.
Celery preparations regulate the activity of the kidneys and liver, increase sexual function in men, alleviate pain, relieve insomnia, and are used to combat obesity, normalize metabolism and prevent atherosclerosis.
For the treatment of pathologies of blood vessels and the heart, celery root is used - its use reduces cholesterol in the blood, it lowers blood pressure, improves the functioning of the heart muscle.
Celery in large quantities of fiber improves intestinal motility, relieving constipation. Men with chronic prostatitis just need to eat celery root, because it actively influences the work of the prostate gland, improving its blood supply. In addition, celery is considered one of the strongest aphrodisiacs that enhance sexual desire.
So let's summarize. The healing properties of celery are manifested in the fact that it:
- - helps to treat vascular and heart diseases,
- - strengthening immunity, prevents infectious diseases,
- - is a prophylactic against atherosclerosis,
- - relieves anxiety and a positive effect on the nervous system,
- - helps to get rid of hypertension, diseases of the genitourinary system and kidneys,
- - stimulates the digestive system,
- - eliminates putrid processes in the intestine,
- - relieves pain and inflammation in gastric ulcer and gastritis,
- - facilitates the digestibility of proteins.
Celery - contraindications.
People with high acidity of gastric juice, gastric ulcer or gastritis eat celery is not recommended because it has a stimulating effect on the digestive system. Celery is not indicated for thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Contraindication to eating celery is pregnancy. Nursing mothers are also not recommended to eat celery because of the essential oils that can get into the milk.
Celery - what is this fruit
Celery for many is associated with parsley. Indeed, both in the appearance of the leaves, and in taste, the foreign celery is very similar to our parsley. Only the first culture has a much pronounced spicy flavor, which gives the dish a special piquancy. In celery, not only the top leaf part is widely used as food, but also the root crop, as well as the seeds.
Celery, first used as food in ancient Greece, was not a foodstuff, but a medicine. Celery was used in Asia and Europe to decorate the table, only in the 17th century it was used in cooking. Today, celery has several types of varieties, which can be divided into three types:
As the name implies, celery leaf varieties are grown for the harvest of tops, very similar to parsley. In stalked celery, both leaves and rhizome are suitable for food. Root celery is grown exclusively for juicy, tasty fruit, which can reach 600-800 grams.
Celery is a biennial plant. In the first year it gives a big harvest of tops, in the second year the arrows with seeds grow. This should be taken into account when planting celery at a permanent place.
Some varieties differ in maturity - late or early, so when choosing a variety should pay particular attention to this characteristic.
Homeland of the plant is considered the Mediterranean. It belongs to the genus of grassy, umbrella family. The best place to grow celery is wet terrain. In European countries, it spread in the eighteenth century. For a long time grown for decorative purposes.
The plant reaches a height of one meter, has a thickened root. It refers to two-year cultures. In the first year of life, a root crop and a rosette of leaves are formed. In the second year, the stem appears, then the plant blooms.
It is not afraid of frost. Even young shoots are able to resist when the air temperature drops to -5 ° C.
Most often grown three types of celery: root, leaf, stalked. Each of them has many varieties.
Growing celery root in open ground is carried out in order for its root to reach its maximum size. Именно он ценится за свои целебные свойства. Его можно сравнить с корнем женьшеня. Обычно для созревания этого вида требуется от девяноста до ста пятидесяти дней. Вес готового корнеплода - 60-300 грамм. Хотя встречаются и гиганты, вес которых достигает 500-700 грамм.
Growing leaf celery provides gardeners with fragrant leaves throughout the summer. They contain a large amount of vitamins. The plant does not form a root. It is famous for its beautiful leaves, which look out from the earth in bunches.
Growing stalked celery also does not provide gardeners root. Its value is in stems whose thickness reaches five centimeters. They are rich in vitamins, have a juicy and fleshy consistency.
Everyone can find for themselves the best option for filling the body with useful substances that are contained in the grass culture. How to get it on your own site?
Growing celery seed
The growing season of a plant averages one hundred and twenty days. That is why it is grown seedling method. Seeds of root species are planted seventy days before the moment when the seedlings need to be placed in open ground. Seeds of leaf species can be planted fifty-five days before the date of transfer to an open area. In central Russia, the best time is the end of February - the first half of March.
Growing celery from seeds involves their preliminary preparation. Why do you need it? The fact is that the seeds contain essential oils inside. They prevent their rapid swelling and germination. Without additional treatment of seedlings will have to wait three to four weeks. There are two main ways:
- Seeds for a day are placed in water. After that, they are kept in a solution of potassium permanganate (1%) for forty-five minutes. They are taken out, washed with clean water, dried.
- Seeds are pickled in a solution of potassium permanganate (1%). Take out and washed in water. For eighteen hours, they are placed in an aqueous solution with Epin. It is prepared from 0.5 cups of water and two drops of the drug.
The treated seeds are scattered on a damp cloth. Air temperature should be + 20-22 ° С. They need to open up on their own. After that, they can be sown in a tank with a nutrient mixture, which consists of three parts of peat, one part of turf soil, one part of humus and coarse sand. A teaspoon of urea and a glass of wood ash are placed in the bucket of the mixture.
Disclosed seeds are mixed with sand and sown in wet soil. It is better to make grooves in it. The distance between them should be three to four centimeters. On top of the seeds are covered with sand, which is sifted through a sieve. Crops are covered with a transparent film or glass and placed in a warm place.
Growing at home
At home, it is possible to grow celery in two ways. The simplest option is the landing of the root. From it quickly appear the stems and leaves. How to do it?
Need a pot twenty centimeters high. You can put one or three root vegetables in it. The top should be above the ground. The soil consists of two parts of coconut fiber, one part of biohumus. It is allowed to use another mixture. The root itself can be dug up on the site or purchased from the hands. Greens will appear in two weeks.
However, after the first harvest, the root crop will become unusable. In order for celery to feed with its herbs all year round, it is worthwhile to show patience by growing it from seeds. The method is the same as described above. The first green is worth waiting for a month and a half. But it will appear throughout the year.
Watering the grass during the summer period is often and abundant. On winter days, water is needed less frequently and in smaller doses. The pot should be with a tray so that excess liquid flows into it. The water is suitable tap, but settled at room temperature for a day.
Feeding greens is necessary every three weeks. To do this, suitable tools such as "Agrolife" and "Growth".
But it is worth returning to the cultivation of celery in the open field.
Landing time in open ground
The seedling is ready for transplanting with the appearance of four or five leaves. The height of shoots should be about fifteen centimeters. Typically, these parameters are achieved two months after the first shoots. The best time is the first half of May. It is not recommended to over-root seedlings. Inappropriate care and cultivation of celery root will lead to poor yield.
Two to three hours before planting in open ground, seedlings irrigate abundantly. So it will be easier to get out of the tank.
For the cultivation of stalked celery is required to prepare a special soil. This culture likes a loose, light, fertile soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction.
The beds should be located in an open sunny area. It is better to grow crops such as cabbage, cucumbers, beans, and tomatoes on this site. Do not plant celery where before it grew dill, carrots, parsnips, parsley.
The plot is better to prepare in the fall. This refers to the digging of soil and the distribution of humus or compost, as well as double superphosphate. For every square meter of land, four kilograms of humus and twenty grams of superphosphate are required.
By spring, the soil must be loosened by adding it with complex mineral fertilizer (forty grams per square meter). Similar soil will suit other celery species.
Planting in open ground
Seedlings of the root species must be planted on the bed so that the distance between the seedlings was about fifty centimeters. Growing leaf celery, like stalked celery, involves making intervals of twenty centimeters. The distance between the beds should be thirty to fifty centimeters.
Herb culture permissible to plant between rows of garlic, potatoes, onions. Before planting, a hole is dug, a handful of humus is added to it, with ashes mixed with the soil. Seedling deepens to the cotyledonary knee. The soil around it is compacted. Within a few days after planting, young plants shade from bright sunlight. What else does cultivate and care in the open field? Celery requires common procedures that depend on the variety of culture.
Pests and diseases
An integral part of the gardener's work is pest control. Do not bypass the disease and celery. Cultivation and care in the open field involve the struggle with various problems.
List of possible diseases:
- Rust. The plant is subject to ailment at the beginning of summer. Red-brown pads appear on the leaves and stems. As the disease progresses, some parts of celery turn yellow and dry. They lose their taste. In the fight against rust use "Fitosporin-M".
- Septoria. The plant is affected by the end of summer. Often the disease is associated with cold rainy weather. Leaves cover yellow spots, and petioles - brown-brown oblong depressions. It helps to get rid of the disease spraying "Fundazole."
- Cucumber mosaic. The disease is spread by a virus. In plants, leaves are deformed, growth slows down. Infected bushes must be destroyed. Infections are considered to be carriers of the virus.
The most common pest of celery is a borsch fly. By the end of May, she flies from the hogweed to lay eggs under a film of celery leaves. The larvae, hatching, eat the inner contents of the leaves. This leads to the fact that the petioles become bitter in taste. Well deters the fly bow planted nearby.
No less dangerous and carrot fly. She lays eggs under celery bushes. The larvae harm the roots, stalks and leaves. It helps to get rid of the fly powder soil with a mixture of sand, dry mustard, tobacco dust. Bean aphid sucks celery juice. In addition, it is a carrier of many viral diseases.
To protect plants from diseases and pests, weeds should be removed from the garden bed, dug up the area after harvest, removing all plant debris.
What is useful celery
Celery is widely used in folk medicine as a tonic and salt-depriving agent. The special composition of the plant has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, improves sleep quality, increases appetite and also helps with obesity. Celery leaves contain a large amount of essential oils - they have a powerful antimicrobial effect in various diseases of internal organs. Celery is used to make tinctures for urogenital diseases, used to treat gout, dermatitis and urticaria.
Features agricultural celery
- Celery is a cold-resistant plant. Seedlings easily withstand small frosts, and the adult plant winter well, even in the harsh Siberian climate.
- Culture does not like sour soil. The ideal place for growing celery are beds of cucumbers, potatoes or onions. It is not advisable to plant in the place where the same umbrella crops (beets, carrots) used to grow, this is connected with common pests that can spoil the appearance of fragile, succulent leaves.
- In order for celery, used for growing leaves, to have a more tender tops without bitterness, it is necessary to apply the bleaching technique. For this, a bunch of leaves is gathered together and from the ground itself is tied up with a thread, and then covered with a white sheet of paper, straw, sacking. It is forbidden to use newspapers or magazines for this, as they contain a large amount of lead harmful to the human body.
- Unlike some plants, celery leaves can be dried - from this culture will not lose any useful properties. Root vegetables can be stored in cool rooms, for example, a subfield, and eaten throughout the winter.
- Celery responds well to organic and mineral fertilizers: when digging the ground in spring, it is advisable to add manure and compost in a 2: 1 ratio. It is also necessary to sprinkle the soil with potassium chloride while pillaging the prepared bed.
- Note! Caring for celery root is significantly different from the leaf. The second type of plant positively refers to hilling, but the first one does not need this event at all. On the contrary, root celery completely spud harmful - from this the fruit will appear lateral stems, which will worsen its presentation. But a decent hilling at the leaf stem only contributes to the growth of new stems with tops.
- If you want to get a large celery root, cut the tops is prohibited. This disrupts the process of photosynthesis in a plant and the root stops growing.
Celery Root: Description
The homeland of celery is the Mediterranean. Now it is difficult to find a place on earth where a healthy vegetable does not grow. It is a plant up to 1 meter tall. In the first year of planting, a lot of leaves appear and the root itself, the following year, celery begins to bloom. The plant loves good moisture and easily tolerates frost.
Celery root is cultivated almost always in a seedling manner. The fruits of the plant contain many beneficial substances, such as sugar, protein, calcium, potassium, phosphorus. Also, celery is generous with vitamins A, B6, K, E, B9 and contains mineral salts of iron and magnesium.Absolutely all parts of the plant find a place in cooking: first and second courses, seasonings, sauces and even drinks. The root of the plant is recommended to use boiled, baked and as a supplement to salads - in its raw form. To cultivate celery can be easily.
How to grow celery in the country: the choice of the site for the root
Most fans of this product sooner or later wonder how to grow root celery on your site. The first thing to start with is to choose a place to plant a plant.
Celery root prefers more windless places with open sunlight. Also needs fertile soil rich in minerals and with a certain acidity. But, as experience shows, a root crop can give an excellent harvest in a small penumbra on slightly acidic soil. The fruits will differ only slightly by smell.
What celery loves: light, temperature and humidity
Absolutely all celery varieties like high humidity, but within reason, without stagnant water. The plant is unpretentious to the temperature and can safely tolerate frosts, but during the growing season it is better to save the celery from frost, otherwise you will get an inedible root with abundantly growing leaves instead of a nutritious fruit.
As mentioned above, the plant feels great both in the sun and in light penumbra.
Soil for growing celeryThe ground for celery growth must be prepared in autumn. It is important to make a deep digging, not forgetting to generously enrich the soil with superphosphate and humus. Also, the soil should be moderately acidic, otherwise at best celery will grow poorly.
There should be no stagnation of water in the ground, despite the fact that celery likes constant humidity. If you grow a root vegetable on clay soil, take care of good drainage. It will be good to add nitrogen and potassium in autumn. But avoid fertilizing the land with fresh manure, this can lead to fetal disease.
How to plant celery
How to plant root celery in your garden? In order to harvest the best possible crop, you first need to plant seeds for seedlings. This is because celery is very weak at the beginning of growth. The ripening period of the root itself ranges from 6 to 8 months.
First you need to choose good seeds, plant them, go to the first shoots, and then plant the seedlings in the garden.
Selection and preparation of seeds for plantingParticular attention should be paid to the choice of seeds. In order to get the fruits of the next year, take the seeds with a shelf life. Also pay attention to their size. The larger the seed, the more the root crop will grow.
Most farmers prefer foreign celery varieties, but there are positive reviews about domestic producers. For example, our most popular varieties are Russian size and Aelita. Because of our climate, it is recommended to choose earlier varieties that can ripen to six months.
Begin planting seedlings closer to the end of February. Take your chosen seeds and immerse them in warm water. This is needed to soften the seeds and their early germination. In the water, the seeds should stay no more than two days, after which they are slightly dried and ready for planting.
Celery sowing and seedling care
After the seeds are prepared, you can already plant them in a special soil. To cook it Take in equal proportions sand, peat, compost and humus. This composition is considered one of the best for growing celery seedlings.
When planting seeds do not immerse them too deep. After deepening the seed, sprinkle the hole and surface with peat. For seven days, the shoots will not yet appear, and for them it is necessary to withstand temperatures from 17 to 20 degrees. After you notice the first growth, you need to lower the temperature to 15 degrees.For the entire period of growth in the seedlings celery needs timely and responsible care. It is necessary to give a sufficient amount of light, to maintain the desired temperature and to be very careful with watering. These are important points in the process of how to grow good celery.
Pickling seedlings in open ground
When, finally, warm days come, without the risk of frost, you can plant celery seedlings in the ground. Usually this time falls on the third week of May. The soil should already be prepared in the fall. Celery should be planted with a distance of at least 30 cm from each other.
When deepening, it is advisable not to destroy the earthen room and not to immerse the root deep in the ground. Drain the well with plenty of water. The point from which the sprouts begin to drag must remain above the ground. This is a guarantee that you will get a large, celery fruit without additional roots. After planting celery seedlings in the ground, it must be properly watered.
How to care for celery
After you have grown seedlings of root celery, the planting was successful, it remains only to properly care for and wait for the harvest time. One of the important points in the care - it is watering. The soil should be wet throughout the ripening of the root.
It is strictly forbidden to spud celery, as it later forms lateral root growth, which can spoil the appearance of celery and even its taste qualities. For good, and most importantly, fast ripening, cut only the upper leaves.When the plant root grows in diameter, you can carefully remove the lateral roots, while removing the ground from the top of the fruit. Also, it does not hurt to cut off weak plants, giving place to new, stronger ones. Of course, in order to grow good sautés, you need to watch how the celery root grows.
How to water celery
The fact that celery needs constant moisture, we wrote above. It requires moisture not only in summer, but also until late autumn. Despite moisture-loving, the soil should not be wet, and the water should not stagnate in it.
If you have clay or other heavy soil in the area, take care in advance of good drainage. Watering the plant should be regular, about 1 liter of water is needed for 1 m².
How to feed celery
Подкормку сельдерея необходимо осуществлять два раза за весь сезон роста. Первый раз растение удобряется примерно через две недели после посадки. Повторная подкормка проводится через месяц после первой. Для активного роста клубней в удобрении должен преобладать калий. It will also be appropriate to use minerals containing sulfur and sodium.If you grow a plant on calcareous rocks, there may be a problem with a lack of boron. This can be understood by the dark spots on the root. After it there are voids, and the leaves begin to turn yellow and slowly fade. In this case, it is necessary to conduct surface treatment with an aqueous solution of boron.
Soil care rules
Probably, it will not be superfluous to mention the prevention of drying out of the soil. For proper growth of celery, weed must be weeded in a timely manner. If you want to spend less time on the beds, you can mulch the soil.
Mulching will save you from weeds for a long time, and also help to retain moisture in the soil for longer. But do not forget that you can not bury the top of the root.
When and how to harvest the root celery crop
With the onset of autumn, the question of when to remove the celery root becomes important. Harvesting is necessary before the onset of the first cold weather. Of course, each year is individual, but usually this time comes in early October.To facilitate the digging up of root crops, pre-pour the ground abundantly. It is better to use forks to extract, but even with them you need to be very careful not to damage the delicate sheath of the fruit. After harvesting, rinse the roots and use them as you wish.
Growing celery in the garden
Seedling. Celery grows from very small seeds that are not more than one millimeter. In this regard, it is necessary to grow celery seedlings.
Sowing should be carried out in early March, after the light day will increase rapidly. It is not recommended to plant the seeds immediately in the soil - seedlings may be small in number or not appear for a very long time due to the small size of the seed. In order to get a big harvest of celery, you need to hold the seeds in a weak solution of manganese water or other organic solution. After about a day, drain the water and spread the seeds on a damp cloth, which you spray daily with ordinary water from a spray bottle. After a few days, the first shoots will begin to appear - this is the first sign of planting the seedlings in the ground.
In order not to damage the emerging roots, it is necessary to properly prepare the ground. Take equal quantities of peat, humus, leaf soil, sand. Mix thoroughly and make small wells, no more than 1 cm deep. Into these depressions and sow the seeds. Sprinkle with peat on top, not tight, leaving the earth loose.
Cover the box with the seeds planted tightly with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect and put it on the windowsill facing west or east. The optimum temperature for growth is 15-16 degrees Celsius.
Picking This stage is most important for root celery varieties, as in the process of picking the main root is pinching, that is, a large fruit is formed.
Picks can be performed only after a pair of true leaves appear on the plant. Before you begin to pull the seedlings out of the ground, it must be carefully watered, the ground must be wet. Carefully removing the seedlings, remove the secondary roots from the roots, then with careful movements, make a hole in advance with your finger or a spoon, put them in a new dish. After all the seedlings are planted in a checkerboard pattern, pour water with Gum or other fertilizer.
Landing in the ground and caring for the plant. Before planting celery in the garden, to a permanent place of cultivation, it is necessary to harden the plant. To do this, in the afternoon leave a box with seedlings on the street, bring it home in the evening. It is necessary to do these procedures 5-6 days. After the celery is ready for the outdoor environment, it can be transplanted.
It should be noted that celery does not like deep landings. The optimum for growth will be such a landing, in which the top of the root will be slightly visible above the ground. It is forbidden to cover the place where the leaves grow.
Make sure that celery is always watered - he does not like drying out the soil. At the same time, soil transfusion contributes to the appearance of bacteria, as well as numerous pests - snails, slugs, larva flies. Be sure to loosen and remove weeds.
Harvesting. The harvest of root crops begins in October or early November, before strong frosts come. The upper part of the plant - the tops of the leaf varieties are cut throughout the year, but in this case, the roots become unsuitable for food. In celery fruits, tops are cut first, as close as possible to the base. The root tip is trimmed and the plant is shaken off an earthen coma.
There are no special features when storing celery roots. The main thing is moderate air humidity and periodic airing. Under these conditions, celery can remain juicy until March or April.
Celery - vegetable culture is not only rich in vitamins, but also surprisingly tasty. It is able to give any dish a special delicacy and not forgettable taste. In order to be able to cook unusual first or second dishes from celery all year round, it is necessary to grow the plant properly in your garden. If you follow all the tips on farming, you will get a surprisingly large harvest!