Posted by melnikoff Date: 2013-12-17
Hello dear lovers of flowers. Today we will talk about secrets growing campanula - room bell.
Campanula is widely known to our flower growers under the name "groom" and "bride". This decorative perennial shrub received its popular name for an unusually lush flowering.
The snow-white kampanulu was called the “bride”, and the lilac and gently blue “bridegroom”. There is another popular name for the flower - indoor bell. And in fact, the campanula inflorescences resemble tiny bells.
Campanula is an ampelous plant. Thin, fragile stalks spread or hang down. The foliage of the campanula is light green, rounded-heart-shaped with small teeth at the edges. Numerous peduncles reach a diameter of four centimeters and very richly cover the entire plant.
Violent bloom lasts from June to October.
Folk superstition says - kampanula best gift to the newlyweds. She brings happiness and saves love!
- with Maya blue flowers
- with white buds - "Alba"
- Blue with white center, Starina Bicolour (popularly “lover”)
- terry bells are a hybrid variety of C.cochlearifolia 'Pleno' + C.carpatica
Technology of growing campanula at home.
- It is believed that Kampanula is not a demanding plant, but it is far from growing at every grower.
- What should be the watering for the campanula? In spring and summer, abundant watering is required; in winter, it is better to do with rare irrigation.
- Content temperature In winter, about 12-14 ° C, the rest of the time at room temperature is enough.
- Lighting. Campanula grows best in bright, slightly diffused light. From the scorching sun, an ornamental plant is best to pritenyat. With a lack of lighting, the flower is drawn out.
- The humidity of the air when growing campanula should be high.
- Top dressing is important from March to August. Fertilize better complex fertilizer intended for indoor ornamental flowering plants. It will be enough to feed once every ten days.
With proper care, Campanula blooms from early spring to autumn. Later, the upper parts of the shoots dry out slightly and they are best cut. From the bottom of the same form new shoots. After regrowth of shoots about 10 centimeters, you need to pinch them for better tillering of the bell.
“Bride and Groom” prefer to spend the winter in a bright and dry room. Bells with double flowers should be created the same conditions as non-double types.
In the second half of March, the campanula is better to transplant into nutrient soil. The soil can be designed for azaleas. This soil mixture is perfect for bells. Do not forget about good drainage. In the event of water stagnation, Campanula will become ill.
In the spring, you can start and breeding campaign. For this purpose, you can use either the apical cuttings, or parts of the plant separated from the bush. Cuttings should be rooted in a peat-sand mixture. With irrigation should not be zealous, so that the cuttings are not rotten. It is best not to even water the campanula, but simply to spray it with water. Try to protect the planting material from bright sunlight.
Pests and diseases of the flower campanula.
The main pests of the campanula are the spider mite and the scab. Gray rot is the result of poor care.
Campanula is most often grown in hanging pots. Such an ornamental plant will decorate any cottage, a flower garden apartment. During the flowering campanula it is impossible to look away from her. There is some magic in this enchanting flower. Decorate your life with this little plant, and happy minutes will be added to your life! All the more now you know how to grow campanula.
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Description and types of plantsA campanula has wide, straight stems or thin, curly, depending on the variety. In height, its size may also differ. There are instances that barely reach half a meter, while others can grow up to one and a half meters.
The people of Campanulu are usually called the "bell" because of the flowers, which have the shape of a small pyramid and resemble a bell. The flowers themselves are small - only 2-4 centimeters in diameter.
The color of the garden garden flowers is very diverse and even the most fastidious florist will be able to choose the appropriate shade of both pastel color and bright and saturated.
Garden campanula blooms throughout the summer and can capture even the beginning of autumn. Widespread bell marked in a wooded area in the fields and meadows and in other areas. More than three hundred varieties of plants are known, each of which is beautiful in its own way.
From the garden campanula, the following can be distinguished kinds:
- peach view - its inflorescences can have a blue or white shade. Usually the flowers of this variety are revealed in the month of June, and their seeds ripen by August. The name "peach" comes from the leaves of the plant, which resemble peach. On average, they usually do not reach a meter in height, that is, they can be approximately 60-80 cm. Belham Beauty, Snowdrift, Fleur de Neige and Snowdrift are varieties of this type.
- broadleaf Bluebell - the main difference of this species is the flowers, which are quite large in size and are located on the top of the stem. The colors are purple and white, and the plant blooms around July. Seeds ripen closer to mid-August. The stem can reach a length of more than a meter. Leaves extending from the root are also quite long, but closer to the top, on the contrary, small. The most common species of this species are Macranth and Brantwood.
- equilateral view - it is distinguished by a low stem and long flowering (it can bloom throughout the summer period). There are many small bells on the euste, which may have a blue or white shade. The most popular varieties of this species include "Albu" and "Maya".
- nettle leaf species - has volumetric inflorescences of a gentle-violet shade or white. May bloom until August. The stem is about a meter long. The leaves are a little rough.
- Carpathian view - has large cupped flowers about 5 cm in diameter and low stem (up to 40 cm in total). There are varieties of white, sky and purple hues. It has differences in the form of leaves - they are egg-shaped. This kind of campanula blooms until October.
- crowded view - has thick shoots of medium length. There are blue, white and lilac flowers that fade by mid-August. The most common varieties of this species are "Superba" and "Akulis."
How to plant a garden campanula
A perennial plant of this species can be planted and transplanted both in autumn and in spring. It can be propagated in several ways:
- by grafting,
- with the help of seeds,
- division of the bush.
The simplest way to propagate this bell is cutting. All that needs to be done is to cut off the branch from the bottom of the shoot and put it into the water. However, two points should be taken into account: leaves should not be lowered into a container with water and the branch should be cut with a very sharp knife.
After some time, the cutting should have roots and can be planted in a pot with soil. For the soil you can use peat - sand mixture.
The cutting can not be watered, but only from time to time sprinkle with water. It should be given to it to take root and after that it can be transplanted into open ground.
The flower can be planted with the help of seeds that ripen after flowering. It is customary to sow them in open ground in the autumn. If you sow them in the spring, it is better to first grow seedlings for this, planting seeds at home in a pot. Before planting, the ground should be well moistened.
For planting seeds are made holes, about a depth of about three centimeters. From above the seeds are covered with earth and after that they should be watered well. Experts believe that planting the seeds of this perennial should be engaged closer to the end of October. Shoots will begin to appear immediately after the snow melts.
As for planting in the spring garden bell, the best for this is the month of March.
Reproduction by dividing the shrub is a great option for those who are engaged in the constant cultivation of perennials and who already have these beautiful flowers in the garden. Propagation by dividing the bush is carried out after the flower has faded and for this it is necessary to dig and divide into several parts. It is necessary that at each separated bush there should be at least one point of renewal.
After the separation of the bush, the seedlings are planted in the prepared soil and watered. Campanula takes some time to get rooted and so that it doesn’t stop doing it better no later than September.
How to care for the garden campanula
The bell is a rather unpretentious plant, but in order for it to grow well and please the grower with abundant flowering, you should know some rules for caring for him. Firstly, it should be noted that Campanula is a moisture-loving plant, therefore, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture daily. Especially water he needs during the growing season and during flowering. Sometimes, in dry weather or in dry climates, the plant requires watering twice a day.
However, with abundant watering should be careful that there is no stagnation of water, otherwise the roots may begin to rot. Therefore, before planting should take care of the drainage system.
In addition, flowers that have already bloomed should be removed. This will lead to the fact that new buds will begin to form, and accordingly the flowering will be longer and more abundant.
Perennial should be prepared annually for winter and cover it with foliage and peat to prevent it from freezing.
Good plant refers to the feeding. Usually this is done three times per season:
- The end of April-May is suitable for applying nitrogen-containing types of fertilizers, contributing to the good growth and development of young foliage.
- When they begin to tie buds are fed with the help of complex mineral fertilizers.
- When the bell is already in bloom, you can use phosphate and potassium-containing fertilizer.
Description: varieties and varieties of the bell
Campanula is a herbaceous perennial plant. It has the following characteristics:
- stem - upright or creeping, 0.4-1 m long,
- leaves are carved, in the shape of a heart, up to 7 cm in length, cuttings are long,
- inflorescences - pyramidal,
- color - from pale to saturated purple, pink, white, blue, etc.,
- flower size - 2-4 cm in diameter,
- bloom occurs from June to September.
Campanula is undemanding to care and grows in many places: forests, dry steppes and wastelands, even in rocky areas. The plant has about 300 varieties. Choose the best will help you photo and description of popular species:
- Bluebell flower. The plant is about 90 cm tall and has a branched stem. Flowers are small, up to 3 cm in diameter, of a milky-white or lilac color. It grows well only with abundant lighting.
Campanula Garden: Planting
Most varieties of bellflower grow well only with intense light or partial shade. Campanula loves light, slightly alkaline or neutral loamy soil.
Undesirable for plants high soil moisture with poor drainage. Therefore, if in your area the groundwater lies close to the surface, for planting and growing the bell, find some elevation or make it artificially.
Council Wood ash will help reduce soil acidity. In combination with humus, add it to the sandy soil. It is better to dilute clay soil with sand or peat.
Landing site should dig up the fall. Get rid of the roots of weeds, which strongly inhibit the bell. Then add the organic. Saplings of plants, as a rule, require rearing. Therefore, in May, determine for them a temporary place in the open field.
At the end of the summer, carefully transplant the seedlings to a permanent place. To do this, make holes about 10 cm deep. Water the earth with a large portion of water and wait until it is absorbed. Leave between bushes at least 30 cm when planting. Carefully sprinkle the seedling in the hole with soil and trample the ground.
At first, the plant needs shading in bright sunlight. The rest of care for Campanula is to maintain the minimum conditions for normal cultivation:
- The soil should be constantly wet, especially in spring and summer. Gardeners recommend making small amounts of water, but do it 1-2 times a day. In the fall, reduce watering. Use water at room temperature.
- Loosen the soil constantly. The access of oxygen to the roots is a key factor for successful flowering.
- Periodically weed.
- Too tall plants should be tied up.
- Cropping culture spend in October. Then cover the root zone with dry leaves or peat to protect the perennial roots from frost.
- Remove wilted inflorescences to maintain the richness and intensity of flowering.
Fertilizer and feeding the bell
Feed the culture better 1 time in 2 weeks. Fertilizer application technology:
- in the spring, after the activation of vegetative processes, nitrogen-containing mixtures will help the leaves to grow large,
- during budding, add a mineral complex to the soil once,
- at the beginning of flowering add phosphate or potash fertilizers.
Bluebell: plant reproduction
Campanula can be propagated by seedlings, by dividing a bush or by cuttings. Terry or semi-terry varieties are obtained only by vegetative means, if the task is to preserve the properties of the parent plant. The beginning of summer is the optimal time for propagation by cuttings. To settle down on a new place they will need about 1 month. and minimal care:
- cut one-year flowering shoots from an adult healthy plant,
- plant in loose soil
- Apply the stalk.
Reproduction by division is planned for the end of spring or summer. The plant is extracted, form several parts of it. Each should have aboveground and underground parts, as well as several growth buds. After this delenki immediately planted in open ground.
Attention! For annual bellflower species, only seed propagation is possible.
To properly collect the seeds, wait for the box to ripen to a dark brown color. Next, proceed as follows:
With proper care in April and May you will see seedlings. They are planted in a permanent place in June or July. Seedlings can be obtained at home:
- find a wide container, because the root of the plant is quite large
- planting seeds spend after watering the land in a pot,
- do not deepen the planting material, but evenly scatter on the surface,
- build a mini-greenhouse,
- once a day, open it for 15 minutes, ventilate and spray the greens with a spray bottle,
- for open ground, seedlings will get stronger in about 20 days.
Diseases and pests Campanula
Ailments do not affect the adult sample of the campanula. Factors that undermine the health of the plant, often becomes improper care, lack of fertilizer. For example, excessive moisture and low light increase the risk of developing fungal diseases: powdery mildew, rust, etc. If you have identified these infections from a photo, immediately spray the soil with a foundation of potassium permanganate or a means containing copper, potassium permanganate.
Among the pests of Campanula, ants, aphids, and slugs were chosen. In this case, use special insecticides.
Bell in the garden: combination with other plants
The range of use of Campanula to decorate a garden is huge, as is the number of its varieties. Low-growing varieties in color combination with other flowering crops are a good landscape solution for borders, rabatok, rokariyev, balcony flower beds. Good looking bells in the company of ferns or mallow.
Campanula occupies a niche of universal decorative culture and is able to bring aesthetic pleasure with easy care.
Features planting garden kampanuly on the site
The main feature is a preliminary soil preparation: it needs to be carefully dug, removed the weeds and the remaining roots, as well as fertilized. Depending on the length of the plant, the landing is made at a distance of 25 to 50 cm between the bushes. After proper landing the campanula flowering period come exactly on time.
Optimum time for landing in an open ground
Flowers are planted in late May or early June. At this time, the soil is already well warmed, so the seeds will be easier to germinate. In the fall, the best time to plan a campaign or to plant it in open ground is October. This time allows the flower to take root and move the upcoming cold well.
Choosing a place to grow
In spite of the fact that kampanula garden is an unpretentious plant, in order to get more lush and prolonged flowering, some rules:
- the place must be exposed to sunlight,
- drafts have a bad effect on the state of the plant,
- состав грунта должен быть слабощелочным или нейтральным,
- дренаж почвы важен, так как цветы страдают от застоя влаги,
- before planting, you need to dig the ground, removing all weeds.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Most often, Kampanula garden is grown from seed. Having decided to plant flowers in the fall, they are placed immediately in open ground (it is recommended to do this at the end of October). But in the spring (March), it is better to sow them in a pot. Regardless of the location, the soil should be well hydrated. For quick and good seedling seedlings should be immersed in the ground by 3 cm.
Many people who decide to fill their garden with bells are interested in how to care for the garden in the garden. The first thing you need to know is that these flowers love water, but watering should be appropriate to seasonality.
- Active flower growth begins in March and ends in September. At this time, you can water the beauty daily, in the pot the ground should also be wet.
- After the flowering stops, watering is reduced to two times a week.
- In the cold season, when the plant is resting, two irrigations per month are enough.
Weeding and loosening the soil
Removal of excess vegetation and soil treatment are extremely important for growing bells. Loosening the soil is necessary, since after that the roots will receive an additional amount of oxygen, which the plant very much needs. Weeds should also be absent in order not to take moisture and other minerals from the soil in which the campaign grows.
Campanula garden during cultivation needs an additional amount of organic elements. It is recommended to carry out such top dressings in the spring and in the summer. There are several fertilization rules:
- it is better to exclude fresh manure, as this leads to rotting of the roots,
- fertilizing do 1 time in 7 days,
- in the spring it is recommended to apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers,
- Minerals are added to the soil before flowering.
- after drying of the inflorescences, the soil is fed with potassium or superphosphate.
Campanula perennial after planting and seasonal care needs pruning flowersthat have faded already. Professional gardeners recommend at the end of autumn to shorten all the stems to a length of 10 cm. In the spring, the plant is carefully inspected, the dried stems are removed and re-cut to a length of 5 cm. After such manipulations, all dormant buds will wake up, new strong shoots will appear.
Rest period and pruning Campanula
In order for the flower to win over well and next year to please its beauty in the garden, you need to make some actions:
- reduce the amount of watering as much as possible in order to avoid stagnation of water during cold weather,
- lower the temperature of the content to +12 ° С
- prune shoots, leaving no more than two buds on each branch.
How to deal with pests and diseases
Campanula when planting in the country can be exposed to diseases when growing conditions are changed.
An excess of moisture and a lack of light lead to the defeat of fungal diseases, rust, ring spots and powdery mildew. To prevent disease, the soil is treated with copper sulphate or the drug "Topaz". If the weather is too dry, parasites such as slobber, snails, slugs or aphids can attack the plant. To combat them resort to the help of superphosphates or drug "Iskra".
In this way, everyone can increase the number of plants in his garden. Make it easy.
At the end of flowering, carefully dig a shrub and divide it into several parts With a sharp knife, it is important that each has at least one point of renewal. Then the resulting bushes are seated on previously prepared places and watered. This should be done in September, so that Campanula has time to take root before winter.
For this method, a 15 cm long branch from the bottom of the shoot is cut from the bush and placed in a container with water. After that, wait until the roots appear, to immediately transplant into a pot with peat and sand. Watering the plant at this time is not necessary, just sprinkle it with water. After engraftment and gaining strength, the flower can be transplanted into open ground.
Knowing how to grow a campaign and adhere to all the rules, you can enjoy its bloom all summer. It will be enough to replenish your garden with new bushes, and bright colors will always surround you at home.