Chicken droppings as fertilizer are very popular. After all, poultry is kept both in private houses and in summer cottages, therefore, it is always at hand with many gardeners.
In addition, poultry manure is considered one of the most valuable organic fertilizers. The chemical composition of this feed is rich in nutrients. In her contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and magnesium, moreover, the concentration of these nutrients is higher by 3-4 times than in other natural fertilizers of animal origin.
Chicken litter has almost the same effect on the crop as complex mineral supplements. It has a pronounced after-effect for 2-3 years after the introduction. This is because the nutrients from bird droppings are released slowly and gradually.
Basic rules for the use of chicken manure:
For direct application this fertilizer can not be used fresh, because it contains a lot of uric acid, which can "burn" the roots of plants.
It contains several times more nitrogen and phosphorus than, for example, in cow dung. To reduce the excessive concentration of these substances, it is necessary to leave litter in the open air for a long time. The excess will evaporate, and the resulting residue can be applied as intended.
Fresh excrement can be used to make liquid fertilizer. Infusion of chicken manure is prepared in proportion at the rate of 1 part to 20 liters. water. Keep the mixture for 10 days outdoors. The resulting solution should be spilled between the rows.
In the wells and under the roots of this mixture can not be poured. Top-dressing infusion of chicken manure is best done after a long watering or heavy rain.
From the original product of the life of birds make compost. Litter is placed on the substrate of foliage and grass, as well as the remnants of garden plants, mixed with the ground. The temperature of the heap is very high, so the processing process is very fast.
Proof of the large heat release during composting is the fact that chicken coops are not heated in winter. A cushion of bird excrement, in which chemical reactions take place with the release of methane, maintains a comfortable temperature in the room, heating it.
Fallen in the fall, the compost will be ready for spring planting, since all the excess urea from it will be removed along with the evaporated ammonia.
In order to reduce the effects of uric acid and toxins resulting from the metabolic reactions of the waste products of birds, it is recommended to mix litter with sawdust or straw, and in this form lay out the grooves between the plants. Sorbents absorb excess fluid and keep it in place. And the soil will get more nutrients, especially nitrogen. This mixture is prepared on the basis of a 3: 1 ratio (sawdust, peat, straw / litter).
In such a way large poultry farms process excreta. But now it has become available to private owners as well, with the sale of special preparations to speed up digestion, which has considerably simplified the process of preparing fertilizer from bird droppings.
The basis of this method is the idea of chemical catalysis of organic substances. It is implemented with rather simple methods. A special pallet is placed under the bird cage, in which the processed waste products of the birds accumulate. Periodically, sawdust is added to the pile, which has been pretreated with a fermentation accelerator. When cleaning the pallet, all components are mixed and piled up. When it reaches a height of 1-1.5 meters, it is again additionally watered with an EM or UV accelerator.
After that, the resulting mixture is kept outdoors for 30 days (in summer), and twice as long in winter (at low temperatures, the decomposition reaction rate slows down). Dried substrate can be applied immediately, it does not contain chicken helminth eggs, weed seeds, and does not smell.
This fertilizer has received very high marks from gardeners. It acts quickly, because it contains a lot of nitrogen, and if you water it as a top dressing plant, the result becomes noticeable after a couple of weeks.
He is preparing quickly. Overfilled bird manure is poured with water, stirred, and left for 2-3 days. The color of the mixture obtained should be like that of a very weakly brewed tea. If the hue is richer, then the infusion of chicken manure should be diluted to the required concentration.
Sometimes bird droppings are soaked to get rid of excess acid harmful to plants. To do this, it is poured with water for two days, then it is drained, and fresh is added. The soaking procedure is repeated several times. In the course of the reaction with H2O, this highly concentrated organic fertilizer leaves excess toxins and uric acid.
After completion of the treatment, the obtained substrate can feed the plants, but not under the root, but having dug manure into the grooves around the trunk circle, or between the rows.
Precautions when working with chicken droppings:
This product contains a large number of helminth eggs in its raw form, so for all manipulations it is necessary to use a protective work suit and rubber gloves.
When working with dry chicken manure, precautions should be taken, and a protective mask should be worn, since a large number of microorganisms that are harmful to humans are preserved.
Plants that are recommended to fertilize bird droppings
Growing this southern culture in central Russia is not easy, but possible. You need to carefully consider the needs of this plant, and everything will turn out.
Grapes like heavy clay soils. On them he gives the highest yields. Another prerequisite for its cultivation is the presence of supports, and good protection of vines from the wind.
But even if all of the above requirements are met, it must be remembered that in the conditions of the middle zone without additional stimulating nutrition this culture is doomed. Only if there is a large supply of vitality that the plant draws from macro-elements, can it transfer the cold winters, and have time to give the crop for the shortened summer period.
Vineyard is usually fertilized in a complex, both mineral fertilizers and organic. The stock of nutrients introduced in the year of planting is usually enough for several years. But mature plants need to be supplemented. This is done several times per season, throughout the growing season.
The ideal source of useful elements for grapes can be feeding chicken droppings. For its application it is necessary to dig the grooves between the bushes at a distance of 50-60 cm from the base of the vine, and make them either rotten bird manure or its liquid form. This event is held once per season. Subsequently, it is necessary to feed the plants with potassium and phosphate (superphosphate) fertilizers throughout the growing season. It is also necessary to conduct foliar (by leaves) feeding of grapes with a solution of ash twice.
Video: chicken manure fertilizer on the example of grapes
Chicken droppings as a fertilizer suitable for a variety of crops. But he will be especially welcome to the nightshade. The best fertilizer for tomatoes from organic pick hard.
The application rate of bird droppings for tomatoes:
- In the spring, in the form of dry compost contribute 3-4 kg / m²,
- Throughout the growing season, in the form of infusion contribute 5-6 liters per m².
But here there is a subtlety that you need to pay close attention to - follow the foliage of tomatoes. If, after feeding, the rapid growth of green mass began, the leaves have become excessively fleshy, the stems are too thick, you should stop. Signor-tomato received too many nutrients, and began to spend them inappropriately, to the detriment of the coming harvest.
In this situation, it is necessary to take a break for at least ten days, and then carry out only leaf top-dressings with natural organic matter. To prepare the optimal composition, you can dilute the ash with water. Thanks to the elements contained in it, the fertilizer will help to normalize the metabolism in the plant.
This culture is very responsive to fertilizing. For a good harvest you need to hold them several times per season.
The first dressing is carried out at the stage of 2-3 leaves. During this period, all the nutrient requirements of young plants will be satisfied by finished mineral fertilizers, such as ammonium nitrate and double superphosphate.
The second feeding of cucumbers is carried out by chicken manure. Potassium sulfate is added to the finished humus, and diluted with water to obtain liquid fertilizer. Standard breeding rules - the resulting solution should be the color of weakly brewed tea.
Make this mixture in the soil is best before the flowering of cucumbers. It will encourage the formation of ovaries, and the number of barren flowers will be minimal.
Not all vegetables can fully satisfy their nutrient requirements only with the help of poultry manure. Potatoes, for example, need to be additionally supplemented with potassium chloride, in the proportion of 1:10 (potassium / litter). And this example is not unique. The best results for all crops (vegetables, berries, cereals) are achieved with a reasonable and competent combination of mineral and natural fertilizers.
Purchased chicken droppings
If you don’t have a bird in your summer cottage (not counting the rare crows and daws that make point fertilizers, and in insufficient quantities), you can use the finished product that is on sale. This is a hot-dried chicken manure, or peat fertilizers, also made on the basis of this organic matter. For example, You can buy such mixes as “Piksa”, “Roaissis”, and some others.
Unlike a natural product, they do not contain harmful microorganisms, and have a constant composition. The range of application of these ready-made dressings is much wider than that of their progenitor. In industrially processed chicken manure, you can soak the seeds before planting, water the seedlings, apply to any kind of soil in the spring, and feed the fertilizers throughout the growth.
Another type of fertilizer that can be bought in a store is granulated chicken manure. It has a number of advantages over the natural product.. It is convenient for transportation, it does not smell, there are no weed seeds, larvae, worms eggs.
- This chicken manure can fertilize all types of plants, it is immediately ready for use.
- Granules can be applied to the soil in a dry form, from 100 to 300 kg / m ?, or diluted with water.
This fertilizer is familiar to gardeners and gardeners of the middle lane a long time ago. The rules for using pigeon droppings are the same as for chicken. It can not be used fresh, but you can insist, soak, compost. For fertilizer, it is desirable to use manure only from domestic pigeons, where the bird is fed with natural grain mixtures.
It is undesirable to use the litter of urban pigeons.although it is easily accessible (in the attic of any high-rise you can dial a couple of quintals). The fact is that these birds feed mainly on garbage cans, and, accordingly, their waste products contain a huge amount of harmful substances.
It is believed that chicken manure is the most useful fertilizer. But it is not. There are less common top dressing, whose action is on efficiency superior chicken droppings.
For example, it is waste of quail. They are economically very profitable, since a bucket of manure goes to the feed bucket. This fertilizer does not contain worms eggs, because the body temperature of quails is higher than that of chickens, and for example, it kills the bacterium salmanuleses. Therefore, these birds' eggs can be used in food raw.
Quail droppings are less toxic than chicken and contain more organic matter. because of the feeding habits of these birds.
It has a different composition from chicken. This feature is caused by the fact that the goose is a waterfowl, and its diet includes many different elements of plants from water bodies. For example, tina, duckweed and so on. it makes his litter look like guano, seabird waste.
It is healthier than chicken, because it contains more trace elements, and is easier to digest by plants. Macronutrients contained in this fertilizer in a proportion other than fertilizer derived from chicken manure.
Differences in the use of bird droppings from different species of birds are insignificant. Pigeon, goose and quail dung is slightly better in consumer qualities than chicken, but it is almost impossible to buy them.
In connection with the foregoing, the championship remains for chicken manure. It has a number of disadvantages, for example, increased toxicity, the inability to use it immediately after its receipt, an unpleasant smell. But on the other hand, this top dressing is a storehouse of useful substances, and surpasses other types of manure in their quantitative content. Using chicken manure as a fertilizer, you can get from all types of plants high permanent yields.
Chicken litter for the garden
Chicken manure is a multifunctional and valuable fertilizer for many types of crops and gardens. It can be used both in dry and in liquid form. On the yield it acts identically to mineral fertilizers. And if it is properly prepared, then the nitrogen in it becomes several times more.
The advantages of chicken manure
The composition of chicken manure is such that the content of useful elements in it is not inferior to most chemical fertilizers. For example, nitrogen is contained in it in 33, and phosphorus is 8 times more than in horse manure. It was discovered in the 18th century by the German scientist Liebig. Unlike other types of manure, chicken manure:
- accelerates the biological processes in the soil layer,
- increases yield, accelerates ripening,
- inhibits soil mold,
- contains nitrogen in a form suitable for plant absorption,
- the useful effect persists three years after the introduction,
- plant roots can extract up to three-quarters of the nitrogen in the litter,
- longer stored in the soil than artificial counterparts.
The chemical composition of chicken manure
The content of nutrients in chicken litter is increased so that a small amount is needed for top dressing. It is very eater and oversaturated with nitrogen, so it is not used in fresh undiluted form.
Biological effect: substances contained in chicken droppings accelerate photosynthesis and supply plants with nutrients. In practice, this leads to an acceleration of growth, an increase in the volume of tops, leaves and fruits. However, the formation and growth of tubers, it increases slightly.
The unparalleled concentration of beneficial trace elements in chicken manure has a downside. Bring it in a fresh undiluted form can only microdoses, it destroys the root system of most cultivated plants. Even liquid dressing from curiac needs to be made between rows or holes in the beds, watering the plants themselves can damage their root system.
Watering manure should be carried out between rows of plants.
Experienced gardeners recommend doing this only after watering or good rain, so that moisture that has entered the soil would still dilute the concentration.
A chicken coop is very useful in plant growing. It contains all the beneficial substances of chicken manure, plus straw. Owners of chickens can take care of making litter even more useful for plants. For this purpose, it is enough to use substances useful for plants in the lining of the coop. It is necessary to refuse sawdust - they carry a little useful.
Bedding in bags
Best to use peat. Straw or old hay is also valid. It is possible to add a little ash, mixed with old plant residues and excrement, it will complement their action.
In the practice of gardening, chicken litter is either allowed on the compost, or used to fertilize the following crops:
- Mulching berry bushes.
- Uplod trees. The litter is poured into a tree trunk at the rate of 1-2 kg per tree.
- Introduction to cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins and melons. Fresh litter mixed in half with the soil and contribute to the winter on the beds, where they will grow these crops.
Despite the fact that the litter is usually a mixture of excrement and plant mass, it should not be thrown onto bare roots, only on the soil.
Use fresh litter
Contrary to popular belief, you can use fresh chicken manure to fertilize the garden. But we must bear in mind that, compared with animal manure and humus, it is extremely concentrated. Therefore, the dose should be less.
Per square meter beds you can make no more than a glass of fresh or 2/3 cup of dried litter. At the same time, it is not necessary to pour it directly under the roots.
Fresh Chicken Droppings
Для того, чтобы более равномерно распределить помет по всей площади, его часто смешивают с песком, золой, торфом и прочими органическими и неорганическими веществами, полезными данному виду растений. Можно также смешать свежий помет с огородной землей в пропорции 1:1, но даже такую смесь следует применять с осторожностью.
How to make a liquid dressing (option 1)
Step 1. The solution resulting from mixing chicken manure with water in a ratio of 1:10 to 1:20 (concentration varies depending on the plants and the gardener's goals), mix thoroughly until smooth. In color, it should resemble weakly brewed tea.
Mixing chicken droppings with water
Step 2. Maintain a solution for two days in a dark place.
Step 3. Shake until uniform.
Step 4. Dilute in half with water and use for irrigation at the rate of 1 bucket for 2-3 square meters of beds.
Liquid manure from chicken manure
How to make a liquid dressing (option 2)
Fertilizing from fermented litter has proven itself well.
Step 1. Fresh litter is diluted in half with water in a large resealable container, for example, in a barrel or garden bucket with a lid.
Step 2. Tightly close and insist 3-5 days.
Fermented Chicken Manure Infusion
As a result, a liquid concentrated fertilizer is obtained. You can not use it undiluted. To prevent the solution from damaging the plants and stimulating their growth, pour 2 cups of concentrated infusion into a bucket of water.
How to make a liquid dressing (option 3)
This recipe is suitable for watering plants that do not like excessive acidity.
Step 1. Two parts of the litter are poured with one part of water, and they insist, without stirring, for two days. For convenience, you can use a fabric bag, so that the excess moisture will not have to be separately filtered after the litter is drawn.
Step 2. After that, the water is carefully drained, if you have not used the bag, otherwise, just pull the bag out of the container - the excess water will drain away.
Step 3. Then, 1 liter of the resulting slurry is stirred in 20 liters of water and left to ferment, without covering, for a week. Re-dilute with water before applying such a tincture is not necessary.
The sequence of cooking dressing - option 3
Top dressing of any dung infusion should be made after watering or heavy rain, well moistened the ground. This will help the nutrient fluid to be evenly distributed in the soil layer and prevent excessive concentration that is dangerous for the root system.
All infusions can be used from the moment of planting, they are finished to be used 2-3 weeks before the harvest. If some parts of the plant are eaten all the time, like a salad or parsley, then these plants do not water the dung infusions. Application rate - 1/2 -1 l per plant.
The easiest way to prepare the humus from the manure in the compost pit. In the pit alternately lay a layer of any plant waste (this may be garden weeds, sawdust, peat, straw, etc.) and litter. It is permissible to combine it with other "varieties" of manure, especially horse and cow. The height of the layers should be approximately 20 cm. Thicker layers of excrement are not necessary, it can lead to fire. If manure is excessively dry, moisten the compost pit. The pile is covered with greenhouse film, oilcloth or in any other way impedes the access of atmospheric air. After 3-4 months the compost is ready.
Understand whether the litter pereprelya simple. If the smell of ammonia, which many people compare to ammonia, is preserved, then the overheating process is not yet complete. The stronger the smell, the "fresh" droppings. Pereprevshiy the smell should not differ from the usual compost.
Granulated, or, as it is also called, dry droppings, can be bought in agricultural stores or markets. Some gardeners are suspicious of him, considering him "chemical." This prejudice is not true. In the production of chicken manure third-party additives are not used.
Granulated Chicken Dung
The technology is simple. Fresh droppings, cleaned of dirt and impurities, are heated to 600 degrees. It relieves it not only from moisture, but also from smell, and also kills a seed of weeds, bacteria and microorganisms. After heating, the dried litter is formed into granules and packed.
In addition, recently, a new low-temperature dewatering technology has been applied, which allows to obtain dry litter without heating to high temperatures, i.e. with 100% preservation of nutrients.
Dehydrated litter is not inferior to fresh
There are no disadvantages in granulated droppings, the advantages include: the absence of odor, bacteria and weed seeds.
How and when to fertilize
Application rates for chicken manure as a fertilizer
Options for the use of litter do not differ in diversity, but there are some nuances, and they need to be known. Chicken manure is a very concentrated and potent agent, the incorrect use of which can greatly harm. Here are a few basic rules that apply to all application options:
- Soil is fertilized with droppings only in moments when the sun is absent in the sky. It can be cloudy when the sun is overcast, evening after sunset, or morning before sunrise.
- If fertilizer based on the litter is applied to the garden bed, it must be moistened well before that.
It is convenient to carry out watering with a measuring bucket
The maximum number of applications per season varies from 1 to 4 times. It is impossible to fertilize plants more often with droppings and fertilizers based on it. In addition, application rates vary in autumn and springtime.
On a heavy soil plot, it is helpful to bring rotted chicken manure in the fall when the crop is already harvested. After making the beds they are digging up for the winter, this allows the fertilizer to be evenly distributed over the soil. During the winter, soil bacteria decompose droppings into components, and as a result of this activity, useful trace elements leave for the soil layer, from where they will feed the cultivated plants next year. Nitrogen is partially decomposed into components, which removes its surplus.
Soil fertilizer after harvest
The recipe is simple. Tumbled semidry litter is taken at the rate of 1 kg per 1 hundred square meters of land. If it is dry, it is taken less by weight; if it is damp, more. If you are going to add more sand, ashes or humus to a bed for certain crops that you plan to plant on this bed in the spring, you can simply mix all this with droppings and bring them together. All this is evenly scattered over the future garden bed and dug up. If you are not practicing the autumn digging, you can simply leave the fertilized beds not dug over.
Spring application of chicken manure is indicated for light soils. Do this either before the spring digging the garden and marking of the beds, or after that and before planting crops. In the first case, rotted excrement in the same proportion (1 kg per 1 hundred square meters of land) is evenly distributed over future beds and dug up. In the second - mixed with straw and laid out between the rows.
One of the options for spring fertilizer is a mixture of manure with straw
Even a one-time application of kuryak can increase the yield of this crop by increasing the size of the fruit. Like all members of the nightshade family, it responds well to this fertilizer.
In the spring, they make a one-time top-dressing with fertilizer (rotting droppings), laying it around the planting holes at the rate of 3-4 kg / m².
Watering tomato bushes
During the growing season, tomatoes are watered with manure tincture of the calculation: 2-3 liters per bush. If the stems and leaves start to get too fat, stop feeding.
What can be fertilized with chicken droppings
This substance of organic origin is very accessible for use and produces the most beneficial effect on plants. If you use chicken manure as fertilizer, it can easily replace more expensive purchased products. Its mineral composition is optimal in terms of the ratio of trace elements in order to feed the majority of garden crops. So, bird dung contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium, and other valuable elements. A variety of composition optimizes the growth of seedlings and helps to get a rich harvest.
If you make a solution of chicken manure in the soil, the useful elements easily reach the root system of plants and are well absorbed. Due to the organic nature of the fertilizer does not create a high concentration of salts and is not so quickly washed away from the soil. Such useful qualities of the product obtained as a result of the vital activity of birds allow it to be used in the cultivation of various vegetables, roots, berries and even fruits. This manure will be useful for growing:
- under garden trees.
How to breed chicken droppings for plant nutrition
The main thing you need to know before applying such a fertilizer is that this fresh, wet manure can burn the plants badly, so you need to follow a few simple rules to use it properly. Learn more about how to breed chicken manure for feeding plants, if you have this fertilizer in dry, wet or granulated form.
How to make an infusion
If you are planning to use chicken manure as a fertilizer during the growing season of plants, and not just to make it before digging in the soil or planting seeds and seedlings, it is recommended to make a concentrated solution. It will then need to be added to the water when watering plants. Preparing the infusion is very simple: a container (for example, a bucket) is half filled with manure and topped up with water. The resulting solution must necessarily insist some time in a warm place. When the liquid ferments, it can be further diluted to feed grown crops.
The described solution, prepared in a ratio of 1: 1, can be started to apply after a couple of days. Due to its high concentration, this infusion does not decompose, it can be prepared in spring and gradually used until autumn. Immediately before feeding plants concentrate diluted in the ratio of 0.5-1 l of solution per 10 liters of water. It is better to carry out fertilizer after rain, when the ground is wet, or to water the beds before an hour and a half before such a procedure.
How to breed dry chicken droppings
If there is no time to make the infusion, fertilizer can be prepared from bird manure in a faster way. How to breed bird droppings for feeding, so that you can immediately pour them plants? It is necessary to reduce the concentration of manure in the solution so that the roots do not get burned. To do this, dry manure is dissolved in water at a ratio of 1:15 or even 1:20. For feeding the plant is watered with 0.5-1 liters of the resulting liquid. Increasing the concentration of the solution or the frequency of such irrigation is not recommended, otherwise you risk either burning the plants, or their fruits will contain a lot of nitrates.
If there are many barren flowers on cucumber beds, the use of chicken manure infusion will help solve the problem. They are watered cucumbers in the spring before flowering at the rate of 3-4 l / m².
Cucumbers are fed before flowering
Cucumbers are sensitive to uric acids, therefore it is necessary to take precautions:
- Before use, keep the infusion or solid mixture in the open air for several hours.
- Do not allow fertilizer to get to the roots.
After the beginning of flowering fertilizing is not performed.
For potato chicken manure is also useful. It does not directly affect the increase in the number of tubers and their growth, only indirectly. First, strengthening the bush and supplying it with the nutrients necessary for the "construction" of root crops. Secondly, it increases the resistance of potatoes to fungal diseases and late blight. However, manure cannot fully provide this crop with all the necessary nutrients, therefore it is combined with other fertilizers. For example, 1 part of potassium chloride is added to 10 parts of humus.
It is best to make the humus prepared in this way in the fall before digging at the rate of 50 kg per hundred, or in the well when planting. In early summer, young bushes that have reached a height of 15 cm, but not exceeding 20 cm, are fed with liquid manure. This is done strictly once.
Ash fertilizer potato
Composition and properties
The advantageous advantage of chicken manure is its duration. Purchased mineral complexes are quickly washed out, falling into the deeper layers of the soil, from which plants can no longer reach them. With litter this does not happen. He begins to work after 7 days and continues to do it until 2-3 years.
- Nitrogen (about 4%).
- Phosphorus in an easy to digest form is about 3%.
- Potassium (within 2%).
- Magnesium / iron in equal amounts - 0.2%.
- Calcium - slightly more than 1%.
- Manganese - 0.3 g / kg.
- Zinc - 0.022 g / kg.
- Sulfur - 0.041 g / kg.
- Cobalt / copper - in equal amounts (2.5 mg / kg).
Note. For the safety of all these substances, the droppings are thoroughly dried.
- Fresh feces do not emit an unpleasant odor, since they do not yet contain chemical compounds based on ammonia.
- Not subject to caking in the ground. On the contrary, over time, it only enhances the action.
- Improves the qualitative composition of the soil, is applicable to the soil of any kind (for each - its own form of fertilizer).
- Perfectly fights weeds, restores soil pH, populates it with beneficial microorganisms.
- It is widely used to create nutritious organic raw materials - compost.
How to collect and store
If you take home litter, it usually contains litter - hay, sawdust, straw. In winter, poultry farmers try to warm the floor more strongly to make the birds more comfortable. Because the litter leaves more.
In view of this, winter litter needs composting - litter also needs time to be completely overheated.
Summer chicken feces are considered clean, and therefore collected for different purposes. For example, for entering into a compost heap, for receiving liquid organic fertilizer.
If storage is required, then it is wiser to lay it in the compost, adding peat and compacting the layers well. It is necessary. In loose compost chicken droppings will quickly dry out. It takes at least half a year to ripen such a heap. If you do not have time to wait, you can speed up the process by making special means (“Baikal EM”) or horse manure.
Ways to use
Various state of aggregation, and the degree of decomposition.
This fertilizer is a powerful concentrate, which is not recommended to be used in its pure form.
It is usually used according to the following scheme:
- Give ferment. Chicken feces poured into a barrel, pour water and leave for up to 5 days. The main thing is to definitely close the lid. So fermentation processes can occur much more efficiently and the stench will not be able to spread throughout the site.
- The prepared composition can be used. To do this, it is diluted with water in the ratio of 1:15 or even stronger - 1:20.
- Under each garden culture should be poured about 0.5 - 1 liter of this fertilizer.
Before any application of fertilizer and after it, plants should be shed abundantly with water. This will help minerals penetrate deeply to the roots and immediately transfer food to the crops.
In this form, fertilizer can be easily purchased at a specialty store. It is easy to store, convenient to use.
Dry litter made to make in the fall before digging the garden. During the entire winter period, it will be processed, and by the new garden season all the nutrients will have time to be absorbed into the soil.
The optimal dosage of such fertilizer is 600 g per cubic meter. For spring seedlings, it is crushed and poured into furrows (25 g per 1 m), for berries, 300 g per 1 m.
It is used mainly in the form of infusion. It is infused litter that is considered an ideal fertilizer for vegetable crops (cucumbers, eggplants, tomatoes, cabbage, celery, zucchini, etc.).
First, the dressing needs to be prepared: ferment in a barrel, dilute in water. And it is better to use it not targeted, but simply watering the aisles.
Preparing infusion: dry or fresh chicken feces diluted in water. Dosage - 1 kg of bio-raw materials per 20 liters of water. Stir and leave to ferment for 4 days. Cover with foil. The finished brew is usually a very specific dark shade. Then it is diluted with water (1:10).
Top dressing chicken manure
It is necessary to apply fertilizer correctly, for this purpose it is necessary to be guided by recommendations of experienced gardeners:
- Top dressing is carried out in the rain or in the evening, after the main watering. The earth must be pre-hydrated.
- Avoid spraying of the concentrated solution, otherwise the foliage may get burned.
- Expenditure rate should not exceed 500 ml per 1 culture.
- Nitrogen fertilizers are banned from mid-summer. Otherwise, perennial plants simply do not have time to properly prepare for the winter - they will continue to grow actively.
Mixing different types of manure is prohibited. Nothing but harm to the plants will not work.
Application rates according to culture
- Cabbage will be enough 2 kg of pure manure per square. m. During the growing season is carried out up to 3 dressings.
- Tomatoes, as well as pumpkin, require 4 kg of litter per square. m. When carrying out top dressing you should not forget that these plants are most sensitive to burns from bioconcentrate.
- Most root vegetables prefer autumn chicken droppings. It will need about 2 kg per square. m
- Для луковых и чесночных грядок подкормку вносят с осени. Достаточно 2,5 кг на метр.
- Картошку не удобряют в период роста, достаточно осеннего внесения органики в размере 3 кг/м.
- Зелень не стоит подкармливать пометом в весенний период, иначе вся полезная масса будет содержать огромное количество нитратом. In the autumn, for future beds with greenery, up to 2 kg of dry litter per meter is introduced.
- Strawberry perfectly perceives spring fertilization. But you need to hurry: the litter should be scattered over the snow - about 3 months before its landing.
In agricultural stores you can buy chicken manure in any form. But more often, these are dry mixes, the cost of which starts from 50 rubles / kg. Available in packages of 400 g and buckets of 1 liter.
The cost of granulated litter - from 55 rubles / kg. Sold in packages, packaging from 400 grams.
Also, complex fertilizers with the addition of chicken manure are in demand, the price of which is 2-3 times higher.
For fruit trees
Fertilizing with tincture of fruit tree litter showed good results, especially apples and pears. Do it 2 times a year, before flowering and after picking the fruit.
Top dressing of fruit trees
A wide, shallow groove, which coincides with the crown projection, is dug around the tree. Fill it with tincture from litter at the rate of 8-10 liters per 1 square meter of the whole circle. You can take the tincture prepared according to any of the above recipes.
This culture is fed manure tincture in springtime, when young leaves began to appear. The bushes themselves do not water. Between the rows they make a wide and shallow furrow, into which the infusion is poured and sprinkled with earth. After the start of flowering can not do so.
Strawberries are watered between rows.
One-time irrigation at the beginning of the growing season is enough to ensure that the plant receives a supply of nutrients necessary for the development of large and tasty berries.
If a strawberry bed is located on clay soils, it is permissible at the end of autumn to build an aisle with rotting droppings.
Like any other fertilizer, chicken manure has its drawbacks and contraindications.
- It is not recommended to use litter during the harvest period, as well as in the cultivation of the so-called "green": lettuce, onions, parsley, etc. Their taste can be spoiled by a specific flavor, which is formed from an excess of nitrogen.
- If the chickens were grazing freely, their excrement may contain viable eggs of worms and plant seeds, including weedy ones. When making autumn and eggs, and the seeds do not completely die during the winter.
- Chicken droppings contain arsenic, albeit in low concentration. It is not enough to cause poisoning at the frequency and volume of use recommended in this article, and even when stored in compost heaps. However, when storing large amounts of litter in one place for many years and its uncontrolled use, this danger arises. It is worth recalling that arsenic does not disintegrate into its constituents in water and soil, but simply accumulates.
- Chicken droppings contain up to 2% lime, and, decomposing, it emits up to half a cubic meter of methane-containing gas per kilogram. Therefore, it is important not to overdose.
Fertilizer overdose leads to plant death.
In addition, chicken manure can not be used as a biofuel for greenhouses. It emits a large amount of ammonia, which inhibits plants.