The gardens and villas of the new wave are stylish cottages, with a comfortable platform for the rest of the townspeople, surrounded by a beautiful landscape. The traditional cottage, the main function of which is to harvest, also necessarily includes a recreation area.lovingly decorated by the hosts. It is for the spectacular design of the backyard territory, the beautiful lawn, and the playground for the children, that ornamental plants and trees are needed, which are worth discussing in detail.
The role of ornamental shrubs and trees in the modern garden
In addition to the natural aesthetic function - give a person enjoy the beauty of nature, ornamental trees and shrubs are used by gardeners and designers to solve purely practical problems. The visual expansion is too narrow, or a very small area. Decoration of outbuildings, strengthening of sloping areas and talus. Zoning of the site, the creation of dividing screens between the garden and the backyard zone. Protection of the individual space of a small cottage from prying eyes, without erecting a fence.
Popular ornamental trees in the garden and in the country
The current trend in gardening is a beautiful, fruit-bearing garden that does not require huge physical expenditures for the care and maintenance of decoration. The priority is given to the beauty and unpretentiousness of the trees, the practical use of plantations goes to the background. This explains the popularity of new forms of fruit and forest trees represented by modern selection.:
- compact standard trees with spherical crown,
- dwarf forms fruit and forest trees,
- weeping forms,
- columnar hybrids habitual trees.
An interesting novelty is the use of forest trees to decorate a summer cottage. For example, hornbeam seedlings are sold by nurseries at bargain prices. The hornbeam is great for creating hedges, decorative backs and walls.Living Green Fence
To create spectacular compositions, edging lawns, use trees of different heights.:
- tall (up to 6 m),
- medium tall (up to 3 m),
- stunted and dwarf trees (up to 1.5 m).
The backdrop is made of tall trees (wall, or focal point), which is complemented by lower trees and shrubs. The foreground of the composition is formed from undersized ones. Trees can be decorated with gravel, placed on an open lawn, soloed, or combined into relief, multi-tiered groups.
The highest ones are planted in the background, then the middle ones. Stunted trees and shrubs have in front.
Recognized leader - coniferous trees
Mature plants require little maintenance. Coniferous plants are decorative all year round, including winter. In early spring, many species bloom with bright lilac candles that resemble Christmas decorations.. Then comes the time of active growth, the young shoots are much brighter than last year’s branches. During this period, all coniferous trees look especially elegant.Yew hedge
Spruce grows well in marshy soils, this is especially important for the Moscow region. Pine is drought-resistant, well tolerated pruning, which allows to vary the height and decorative shape. For low hedges, walls can be recommended yew. Yew holds the shape perfectly, does not require significant trimming.
Unpretentious thuy can be safely chosen as the main decorative element of the garden, which will combine planting a single plan. Thuis of different varieties will perfectly fit into the composition with low-growing shrubs, variegated and flowering trees.
In the nursery, you can pick up varieties of pyramidal, ellipsoid, or spherical shape. It looks very interesting garden wall of the thuja, planted with a smooth line. This allows you to unusually beat even the standard summer cottage.
For the middle band recommended varieties and hybrids of the Western thuja. Unpretentious grade Brabant suitable for the formation of the wall, backstage. A single thuja will grow wide, a close landing of the thuja (after 0.5 m) will form a wall too low. The optimal distance between seedlings of the Brabant variety is 1 m. An interesting variety is Wagner's thuja, which has a rounded shape, shorter growth. Thuja loves the shower, spraying, sprinkling.
The most popular maple Canadian, Platanovidny, Fungal maple with burgundy foliage. They are excellent solo in the open lawn, good in compositions and against the background of hedges.
Like most plants with brightly colored leaves, decorative colored maples prefer a sunny place. In the shade, the natural color will be faded. Maple prefers fertile soil with neutral acidity. Young seedlings should be sheltered for the winter. The adult plant of a frost-resistant grade will not demand it any more.
Exotic for lovers
It can be formed as a bush, but it can grow a full-fledged tree with a picturesque crown. Flowering magnolia is an exotic sight, most varieties have a delicate, vanilla - citrus scent.. Magnolia is covered with large flowers (bud length up to 12-15 cm). The color scheme and the shape of the flower revealed in different varieties of magnolias is very different.Magnolia in bloom
The capriciousness of magnolia is greatly exaggerated, for successful cultivation it is enough to follow a few rules. When planting magnolia special attention should be paid to the root system and the choice of landing site. It is necessary to buy a magnolia with a basal lump (in a plastic container), preferably in a nursery or garden center. When planting try not to injure the roots of the seedling. Magnolia loves the bright sun, does not tolerate drafts and winds. The optimum landing place is under the southern wall of the house, any household building. He does not like calcareous soils, therefore such lands must be acidified with peat. Caring for an adult plant is not needed, only minimal sanitary pruning. For growing in gardens of the middle band, deciduous forms of magnolia and corresponding hybrids are recommended.
A Japanese relative of a familiar cherry, famous throughout the world for its magical flowering. The growing conditions for sakura and magnolia are identical. Sunny place without drafts, neutral, or slightly acid soil. Like ordinary cherries, sakura will require seasonal spraying of pests, abundant watering, substantial pruning.Sakura in bloom
Sakura is not necessary to buy, it reproduces perfectly by cutting. This is much cheaper than buying a sapling. In August, the graft is grafted onto a traditional cherry (or sweet cherry), by budding (eye, bud).
Decorative fruit tree shapes
The habitual apple tree has a lot of ornamental subspecies that bloom more abundantly than simple apple trees. The blooming scarlet flowers, Ola's apple tree is simply flooded with flowers so that no branches are visible.
Ornamental varieties are grown in the usual agricultural techniques, familiar gardeners to care for traditional apple varieties. Fruits - small (heavenly) apples decorate the garden until late autumn. Yellow, red, purple - look great on the branches. They attract birds to the garden; this is a modern version of a natural solution to a pest problem. From heavenly apples turns the original jam. Particularly interesting are weeping forms, with a variegated and colored sheet.
Decorative shrubs in landscape design
Shrubs in the garden technically perform the natural function of undergrowth. From an aesthetic point of view - shrubs harmoniously complement garden trees and flower bedsperforming the role of middle managers. This is an extensive class of diverse plants, focus on especially popular species.
Junipers: type and variety of bushes
The underlined decorative effect, a wide variety of forms and varieties, the name of the most common is given below. Separating phytoncides, junipers substantially purify the air. In sunny weather near the plant soars healing scent. Common plus juniper - cold resistance. Bath lovers will need young juniper twigs, which add to the sauna brooms for aroma.
Recognized varieties include juniper Variegata. Flat, with scaly azure needles, and contrasting sand tassels at the end. The shade is shade tolerant, but in a sunny place the decorative brushes of Variegata will be brighter. An adult plant on a sufficient area will have the appearance of a lush flower bed.
Unpretentious plant smoky color, prefers light soil, looks great in combination with variegated hosts, ordinary and tree peony. Loves loosening and sprinkling of branches.. When transplanting, the pit should be 2 times the root coma. Junipers do not resist pruning, although they do not need mandatory pruning.
Rocky Skye Rocket
Tall Blue Juniper - Rocky Skye Rocket. In diameter up to 1 meter, in height up to 7 meters. Looks like a slender tree, vaguely reminiscent of cypress.
Low Glauk juniper (up to 30 cm) can grow in width up to 3 meters. The powerful root system of this plant allows, if necessary, to strengthen the slopes. This is a suitable plant for the first plan of the garden composition.
Barberry - add bright accents
An interesting shape of the bush, delicate branches, bright foliage inherent in various varieties, allows the barberry to lead among the colored shrubs. Actively blooms in spring. The crown of purple, red, purple, light green in summer, incredibly transformed in the fall. This is a real carnival of colors, from lemon to wine-colored foliage, scarlet clusters of fruit. Barberry berries - excellent seasoning for pilaf, meat dishes.Barberry Ottawa Superba
Barberry looks great in single and group plantings. A front garden, an alpine slide, a border around glades — all these compositions will successfully complement the barberry of the variety and colors that you like. Barberry of different height (from 30 cm to 1.5 m) can be interesting to beat in the mixed mixborder. The barberry of Thunberg is good in combination with coniferous plants. The undersized pillow shaped barberry Green Carpet is used for Japanese-style rock compositions.
Barberry grows well in an open, sunny place, not picky to the soil. Does not tolerate stagnation of groundwater inputWhen planting the barberry should provide a high-quality drainage pad.
The habitual bush, does not cease to please with the beauty and useful berries. Kalina is very good in color, in the fall it is colored crimson - yellow, red clusters of berries glow in the sun.Clusters of red viburnum in autumn
Kalina likes shady places, the bush can grow quite extensively. This property of viburnum can be successfully used to decorate outbuildings, the blank walls of sheds. Loves good watering, the land for planting is mixed with humus (1 × 1) . Land under a bush of viburnum is worth mulching wood bark, it will help the moisture-loving plant to grow.
It grows wild in central and southern Europe, in North Africa, in the European part of Russia, mainly in its middle part and in Asia Minor. Rarely found in the west and north of Russia. Kalina can be found in Central and Western Siberia, as well as in the eastern and northern regions of Kazakhstan. Kalina ordinary does not grow in Central Asia and the Far East.
Familiar in indoor forms, hydrangea Large-leaved garden - a godsend for lovers of bright, actively flowering plants. Large inflorescences (12-15 cm) bloom in July, remain on the branches until autumn. Adult wisteria bush is not high (up to 1 m), can reach two meters in diameter, this should be taken into account when planting. Large inflorescences are white, greenish, crimson, pink and even blue.Garden hydrangea
Hortense loves quite lighted places, but direct sunlight is harmful to her. It will take a moist, slightly acidic soil, abundant watering, feeding. When planting in the earthen mixture add peat, sand, coniferous forest land. Feeding up hydrangea with iron preparations, amateurs achieve bright blue coloring of inflorescences from hydrangea. It is advisable to mulch the trunk with needles, use slightly acidified water for irrigation. In winter, hydrangea should be covered.
Interesting novelty: colony fruit trees
Compact, fruitful trees, covered with fruits of the usual size, fascinated many gardeners. The colonies bear fruit in the second year, they take up little space, and it is convenient to take care of them.. The life of such a tree is up to 15 years, in contrast to the usual longevity of ordinary fruit and stone fruit trees.
What are the columnar trees
Coloniform apple - short, dwarf (relatively standard) standard tree. Proven, high-quality varieties - Arbat (red apple of medium maturity), Bolero (winter), Gin (summer variety).
On sale there are seedlings of columnar trees of the newest selection: plums, cherry plums, pears, peaches. The main problem is the variability of the variety. Dying off of the lower branches, changes in the form of the crown (the formation of a "broom"), freezing of growth buds, rebirth of the variety. There is a frank seller fraud. If you decide to grow colons, buy adapted seedlings in proven regional nurseries.
Features of planting and care for fruit fruit trees
Colons are very comfortable for processing and care, the organization of drip, or point watering. The growth of an adult fruit tree is about 1.5 m, it is grown in the usual agricultural techniques, just like ordinary fruit and stone trees.. Depending on the variety, seedlings are planted at a distance of 0.4 - 0.7 m from each other. The distance between the rows is 2 - 2.5 m. Seasonal pruning, treatment from pests, feeding, loosening the root circle will be required.The location of the kolonovidnyh fruit trees on the site
After planting a one-year-old sapling, the plant will show its variety in the first year. For this, 2-3 flower ovaries are left on the tree, the rest of the flowers in the first year should be removed.. The seedling needs strength to adapt to a new place, to form a healthy root system.
Breeding does not stand still, popular varieties are constantly being improved.. Whether it is to experiment with original novelties, or to choose a decorative variety that has been proven over the years, this is the gardener's constant temptation. Based on your taste preferences, you can choose an original decoration for your favorite garden.
The role of ornamental trees in the garden
Garden ornamental trees perform a large number of important functions:
- Give off oxygen. Everyone knows that plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the environment. Thus, if there are a lot of garden trees on your site, the air there becomes cleaner and fresher. You should also remember that plants emit other substances that are very useful for the human body.
- Protection of the site from external influences. Ornamental trees can serve as the so-called "living" hedge. Having landed them in a row around the perimeter of your site, you protect it from excessive dust, dirt, as well as from prying eyes.
- Sunshine protection in hot seasonbut. High sprawling crowns effectively save from summer heat. Put a cozy bench under a big tree, and this place will be ideal for taking a break after working in the garden in the cool shade.
Ornamental trees and shrubs-soul garden:
Oaks only breed acorns (sowing). When choosing which trees to plant on the plot, keep in mind that in the garden oaks are unpretentious, but each species has its own characteristics: red oak is more tolerant to excess moisture, English oak prefers where it is dried. Oak litter has a very good effect on the soil, making it more structured.
These are, of course, the trees of the background, the long-lasting backbone of a garden that is planted once and for all. But they can be admired from afar in the winter from the window of your house.
Willow hybridSpherical Dwarf and "Weeping Gnome" (Salix x hybr.). These are two masterpieces of domestic breeding. Both names speak for themselves: the first variety grows with a low ball, the second - weeping, but not high. Both are indispensable in small gardens near water, as commensurate with it.
Like any willow, not very durable, are affected by many diseases and pests. But cuttings are extremely easy, so they can always be renewed. The plant from the cutting becomes decorative in 2-3 years, that is, very quickly. "Weeping gnome" would be good to tie in the first years of life to the support.
Kalina vulgaris "Boule de Neg" (Viburnum opulus ‘Boule de Neige’) has long been firmly established in the gardens. Bribes the simplicity of its cultivation, undemanding to the conditions, easy grafting. It is similar to lilac in its use: the shaped bush is beautiful in its graphics. If you are not going to cut it, it is more appropriate to plant a viburnum somewhere a little distance.
Kalina likes wet places, can grow near a natural reservoir. No wonder in nature viburnum is most often found along the banks of rivers and lakes.
What other trees and shrubs can be planted in a garden to decorate a plot?
False Bezbord Maple (Acer pseudosieboldianum). We have a very rare plant, despite the fact that this species is an aboriginal of our Far East. Именно в силу этого он весьма зимостоек и прекрасно выносит условия садов средней полосы. Зачем же он нужен, этот клён? Это дерево средней величины с несравненной графикой ветвей и формой листьев. Он похож на японские клёны, которые у нас не зимостойки.In the summer, this is an openwork tree that can reach a maximum of 5-7 meters in height. And in the fall, this deciduous tree for the garden is the king of leaf fall, dressed in glowing shades of red and purple. Not a single tree can be compared with it in autumn color. Suitable for small gardens, tolerates shading and spring moisture, propagates by seed. When deciding which trees to plant in the garden, keep in mind that maple grows very slowly in the first 5-7 years of life.
Magnolia (Magnolia kobus, Magnolia stellata). Yes, magnolia. It's not a mistake. It is these two species (and their varieties) that grow well in the middle lane and regularly bloom. Magnolia Kobus can blow up a 4-5 meter tree, stellata, stellate, will be 1.5-2 meters high. When these plants are in bloom, the whole district admires.
There is nothing difficult in the cultivation of these shrubs in the summer cottage: the soil is easier, and so it is not too wet.
Diabulo and Lutheus (Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Diabolo’, ‘Luteus’). Of course, the varieties of the bubble are much larger, but these two are enduring "hits." Stable, simple, cuttings, give a bright spot of the desired color in the garden. Coloring "Diabolo" gloomy, like any purple variety, "Lutheus" can be used with fewer restrictions.
What other ornamental shrubs and garden trees to plant on the summer cottage (with photos)
Choosing which ornamental trees and shrubs to plant on the site, it is recommended to pay attention to the following types of plants.
Mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia). And the songs were put about her, and the poems were written. People's favorite. And because there is something to love: the nurse, and beauty. Flowering, of course, mountain ash especially can not boast, but fruiting overshadows many, and it can be equated to flowering in splendor, beauty and duration. If you delve into domestic varieties, they are found with purple dark berries (‘Pomegranate’ or ‘Titan’), and with ordinary rowan berries, but very tasty, without bitterness, from which compotes can be made (‘Weted’, for example). Two in one, beauty and benefit!
But there is still a weeping variety (‘Pendula’), as well as a variety with a bright autumn color (‘Dodong’).
In nature, mountain ash is an undergrowth tree or forest edge, in the garden it also develops better in a bright place, perhaps with some shade. The soil may even be with some excessive moisture.
This is an excellent ornamental deciduous tree for a medium-sized garden, a secondary plan, a background for lower plantings (only weeping is appropriate as a tapeworm).
Common lilac (Syringa vulgaris) - truly Russian folk plant. How many songs about her folded, and grows in almost every yard. It is difficult to imagine a more abundant flowering bush. And the varieties - a million, for every taste. And a lot of old Russian, which means tried and tested.
Although lilac and simple, but there are a few nuances. For example, it is transplanted in August-September, this is due to the peculiarities of rooting. It is possible and in the spring, but it will be more difficult to get accustomed and will blossom later.
Lilacs are contraindicated for excess moisture, but the soil with the presence of lime is sweet.
If you want to grow beautiful deciduous trees in the country, it is better to buy own-rooted seedlings. Then you will not have to worry about the overgrowth of the stock, you can give shoots emerging from the ground to friends. In the early years, the lilac may grow slowly, but then suddenly turn into a bush of your dreams.
During flowering lilac, of course, the queen of the garden, but you can plant her to the fore, if you are sure that you will be engaged in formation annually. An unformed bush is rather shaggy, so such free landings are more appropriate somewhere in the background.
Spirea gray "Grefshaym" (Spiraea x cinerea ‘Grefsheim‘) - favorite among the spirees. Attracts by early flowering, like a waterfall of snow-white foam. It does not mean at all that it is necessary to neglect other species and varieties. They have a great many spiray for every taste and size. From a spiraea oakwood, beautiful trimmed borders, for example, are obtained.
Spirayas are good both in the sun and in partial shade, if only there is enough moisture, but it does not flood. Enough episodic corrective pruning to make the bushes look perfect. Possible and serious haircut.
Chubushnik (Philadelphus sp.), it is usually called garden jasmine, - another popular favorite. You can choose any grade you like. Most are good in bloom, and variegated and not necessary to bloom, they have such lovely foliage.
Chubushni suited standard garden conditions in partial shade. Sometimes it is worth thinning and renewing the shrub so that the flowering does not become scarcer.
Apple tree decorative (Malus sp.). Even fruit apples in bloom are beautiful. And what about varietal with large pink or red flowers? Yes, the apples on them are very small, but they, if desired, are used on jams and compotes, and some varieties do not want to pluck them, so they decorate the tree. The flowering of this garden tree on the plot can be compared with the legendary sakura. Crohn's apple trees are also good, its graphics decorate the winter garden.
Agrotechnics is standard for apple trees: without stagnant moisture, with rare liming.
Look at the photo, what trees and shrubs to plant on the site to decorate the garden: