In the early 19th century, the Belgian Chatillion discovered the Forest Beauty pear in the forest. Description, photos show that this fruit is one of the most beautiful and tasty among its kind. But the main advantage of such a creation is that the pear is not obtained by the method of selection.
The variety is excessively durable. There is a rumor that some trees can bear fruit for up to 100 years.
Medium-sized tree is not too thick with a pyramidal crown shape. At year 5, fruits begin to ripen after planting. They are egg-shaped. Color depends on the area: green, yellowish, red. Sweet and sour pulp is over juicy.
Before you perishable pear Forest Beauty. How to store such a fruit? Firstly, it is advisable to tear it off with a little understep at the end of the summer. Fruits do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature after a breakdown, therefore the optimum degree fluctuation should be -1 - 0. Secondly, the humidity in the storage should not exceed 90%. The storage time depends on the stage at which the pear was removed from the tree. If ripe, then not for long, but the pulp of this vitamin is sweet and juicy. A plucked pear 3 days before ripening has a longer preservation, but its taste is not so rich and sweet after ripening in a lying position. Insufficiently cooled storage facilities allow saving fruits for 1-1.5 months, and cold storage facilities for up to 2 months.
The characteristics of the Forest Beauty pear variety can be better known by familiarizing yourself with the pros and cons. Positive traits:
- frost resistance
- resistance to drought
- high yield.
- malleable scab,
- quickly overrides.
Planting and care
Pear Forest Beauty, planting and care for which is obligatory and important, will thank the gardener with abundant crops. Fertile soil is needed to obtain a large amount of crop, however, on clay compositions, the tree gives a good result. A self-infertile pear requires pollinators, which can be Josephine Mechelnskaya, Limonka, Williams.
Landing make in the beginnings of May and October. A few days before this event, it is necessary to prepare holes in the ground, which are 80 cm wide, 1 m deep.
Next, you need to combine the ground with superphosphate, 2 buckets of humus, potassium sulfate. Hour 4 roots seedlings hold in water, and then arrange them on fertilized soil. Sprinkle with earth, at the same time placing a stake for fixing the thin trunk of the seedling. Finally fill the ground and pour water. For reliability, cover the ground around the future of the tree with humus or peat.
The variety of pears Forest Beauty in the first year of life does not need fertilizers. From the second year of growth, the tree should be fed with mineral additives. 50 g of ammonium nitrate is spent on 1 square. meter. 50 g of superphosphate in granules, 25 g of potassium sulfate will go to the same area. These fertilizers should be applied in the fall. As for organic additives, they are made every 3 years.
The main disadvantage of such a beauty is scab, which must be fought. To do this, before flowering, as soon as buds begin to swell, trees are covered with copper chloroxide with a 0.5% solution.
The description and photo of the Forest Beauty pear clearly demonstrate that the procedure for pruning branches is necessary for obtaining a high yield.
To adjust the growth of the tree in 1 year you need to complete the formation of the lower tier of the crown. In the second year, continue the formation, shortening the main branches by 1/3. In the third year to bookmark the upper tier of the crown using two branches. The final stage of 4 years is known for laying the upper tier with the third branch. Crown creation is over.
All sections are necessarily processed by garden pitch, which is made from rosin, beeswax and lard. The ratio of the components provided will be 4: 2: 1. For the manufacture of a mixture of fat to melt in a water bath, and chop the rosin. Mix components and cook for half an hour on a stable low heat. This pitch is necessary to prevent pests from eating the exuded juice in slices.
Scab. From such a disease will help 1 ampoule funds "Skor", diluted in 10 liters of water. The drug is applied in the spring, as soon as the leaves begin to bloom on the pear Forest Beauty. Description, photos of diseases of this variety introduce us to another type of disease - fruit rot. Get rid of it will help 40 g of "Homa", diluted in 10 liters. In the spring of this mixture, you need to sprinkle all the wood. The same drug can get rid of cytosporosis. If your pears are black, and the shoots are dried, you know - this is a bacterial burn. Help in this case may 3 tbsp. spoons of copper sulfate, soluble in 10 liters of water.
Taking care of the tree, you will receive the most delicious fruits from your Beautiful Forest.
Pear Forest Beauty in the garden - video
A pear of this species begins to bear fruit at the age of 3-4 years, if it is first planted on a quince, while continuing to grow to 10, and sometimes 15 years. In all other cases, the pear begins to bear fruit at the age of 6-7 years.
Moreover, before reaching the age of 15, the tree in addition to growth also increases the amount of the crop, even without special fertilizers (which in any case is recommended to be periodically applied to the soil).
In turn, the fruits ripen and become fully ready for assembly at 20-30 August, depending on how dry the summer was. It is important to remember the fact that harvesting 20-30 numbers, it will be somewhat underperforming, but it is during this time period that they should be collected.
Otherwise, if you leave the fruits on the tree for another 10-15 days and then pick them, the pears will lose their keeping quality, will quickly deteriorate, soften and ferment. This important aspect regarding the harvesting of the Forest Beauty fruits is necessary for every gardener who has decided to contact a pear.
Pear has a good winter hardiness, and easily transfers even the coldest winters of Eastern Europe, the CIS countries, as well as the European part of Russia. In more northern regions, the pear may also bear fruit, but in this case it must be insulated before the onset of winter, otherwise the tree may not produce a crop, and sometimes it may die. In general, without warming pear is able to transfer frost to -45 degrees, which will last for about 30 days.
Now it is worth talking about such an important indicator for each fruit tree as yield. Forest beauty has an excellent yield, which is one of the best among all the old varieties of pears.
So, from one tree it is possible to collect up to 130-150 kilograms of harvest, but this figure is relevant for trees under 18 years of age, as older plants each year reduce the yield by 1-2%, and trees older than 30 years old can reduce their yield by 50%.
As for the need to pollinate the Forest Beauty, it is partly self-fertile. This means that without pollination, it can begin to bear fruit, but the number of fruits in this case will never approach the maximum, and will be in the order of 60-65% at best.
Only through pollination can you unleash the 100% potential of this variety. As a pollinator pears of the following varieties are best suited:
One of the advantages of such pollinators is that their conditions of detention are most similar to those of the Forest Beauty, which means they can be kept as neighbors in the same garden.
Not to mention the distinctive features of the Forest Beauty, which are listed in the following paragraphs:
- Pear is great for growing in the harsh conditions of Russia, and does not require special care. Previously, the ancestors of this variety grew in the forest, from where actually its name appeared, and thanks to which it gained such outstanding endurance.
- The pear has high rates of winter hardiness, normally tolerates frosts down to -45 degrees, and at the same time maintains high fruit-bearing qualities.
- The scourge of a pear of this variety is an apple and pear scab, which mercilessly hits trees at the first opportunity. The rest of the variety is resistant to other diseases and pests, practically not exposed to tinder.
Detailed description of the variety
In more detail it is necessary to talk about the fruits, the list of characteristics of which is listed below:
- Taste. Pears have a turfy and sweet taste, with some oily and sour aftertaste. The taste qualities of this pear are high, and are excellent for both fresh use and preservation. Such a pear is especially good when harvesting jam and jam, as with proper preparation, jam and jam will almost never be cloying,
- The size. Pears differ in medium-large size, most often reaching a weight of 170 grams, despite the fact that at the very top of the crowns there are usually the largest fruits, whose weight can reach 300 grams (which is rare). Most often the weight of pears from the very top of the crown is limited to 200-250 grams,
- The form. The fruits have a slightly elongated ovoid shape, and in some cases they can resemble a small eggplant in shape. The peel is quite thin, but at the same time dense and plastic, with a certain degree of roughness.
- Color The fruits initially have a green-yellow color, which, as they ripen, is replaced by a golden-amber. The side that was turned to the sun gets a blush,
- Sugar content. Pear contains about 8.5% sugar, but this figure may vary slightly depending on growing conditions. The warmer the environment in which the fruits ripen, the higher the sugar index
- The flesh. The pear has very juicy pulp which differs in moderate softness, and also the expressed aroma. The color of the pulp is white, but when fully matured it acquires a creamy tint.
As for foliage, it has the following characteristics:
- The leaves are painted in a saturated green color, with a thin, barely noticeable edging at the edges. The bottom of the leaf is gray-green, as if dusty,
- The leaf shape is standard for most pears, but there are very small notches on the edges,
- The sheet on the upper side has distinctly visible veins, while it is not observed on its lower side,
- Over the entire area of the crown leaves of the same size, and about the same shape.
Flowering begins in the first half of May, and lasts about 1.5-2 weeks. Pollination is made on the 3-4 day of opening flowers. The flowers have a light pink color, small size, and excellent resistance to spring temperature extremes. For pollination, it is necessary that near the Forest Beauty a pollinator grows at a distance of no more than 30 meters.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting is carried out when it is not fully ripe. So, the fruits of the Forest Beauty should be cut off at the end of August. If the summer was cold and wet, you can leave the fruit to hang another 5-10 days, but no more. Remember, if you overdo the fruits on a branch, let them finally ripen, when they are collected, they will very quickly begin to lose their aesthetic and taste qualities. With one hectare of forest beauty dotted with pears, you can collect up to 160 centners of fruit.
Forest harvest beauty fresh can be stored for about 15-20 days at room temperature, and up to 35 days at a temperature of -5 degrees Celsius. Store pears in a dry, protected from drafts, place without direct sunlight.
Pears are kept in a dry container, preferably in cardboard boxes, plastic buckets, as well as in a container with dry sawdust. It is forbidden to store pears for a long time in an iron container with rust, as the metallic taste is transferred to the fruit. In a stainless steel container is allowed to store.
Consume fruits both fresh and canned. This variety is excellent for making jam and jam, which is promoted by its oily and tender flesh, as well as moderately sweet, refreshing taste, which is not cloying during preservation and cooking with the addition of sugar.
Suitable region and climate
Forest Beauty pear grows best of all and bears fruit in the following countries:
- The whole territory of Ukraine.
- The whole territory of Belarus, Moldova, Lithuania, Estonia.
- In all regions of Central Asia.
- Rarely, but still occurs in some warm parts of the North Caucasus and the Lower Volga region.
- Throughout the middle part of Russia.
History of the variety
Initially, the Forest Beauty variety was discovered in the Belgian forest as early as the beginning of the XIX century. People liked the fruits of this pear, and since then, the hard work of “domestication” of the found pear has been done, making it more and more resistant to diseases, increasing its fertility, and generally improving the taste of the fruit.
To date, more than 30 new hybrid varieties have been received from the Forest Beauty, and this number continues to grow. Despite this, the standard Forest Beauty is still one of the most common pears among the inhabitants of the CIS countries.