Kalina varieties "Buldenezh" (Boule de Neige - translated from French means "snow ball") is decorative, with abundant and lush flowering. People call it “snowball” for white clouds of inflorescences, reaching a diameter of 20 cm. By their appearance, they really resemble snowballs. Very often, people grow viburnum "Buldenezh" on their sites, wanting to decorate them with such an unusual plant.
Planting and transplanting viburnum "Buldenezh" in the fall
Planting work is carried out either in early spring or in autumn. For viburnum you need to choose a sunny area with a slight shade. The plant should be protected from the cold winter winds.
Before planting, weeds must be removed from the site and loosened the ground. Seedlings must be located at a distance of 3 meters from each other. Planting pits are made up to half a meter deep. Peat is poured into them and seedlings are planted with a 20 cm deep root neck.
Care for viburnum "Buldenezh"
After landing, leaving the hardened "Buldenezh" is simple. The soil should be periodically loosened and weeded from weeds. Young plants need frequent watering: once a week in the evening they are plentifully poured into a prefabricated hole. One plant takes 30-40 liters of water.
Top dressing consists in single application of organic fertilizers. For example, it may be 2 buckets of compost humus under each bush. It is best to do this in the spring while loosening the soil.
Also, when planting, it is advised to shorten the branches by about a third, so that the plant will take root faster in a new place. And then every year it is necessary to make pruning, removing dried twigs and leaving only one young shoots. The main branches of viburnum should be a little: a 10-year-old plant - up to 8-9 pieces.
For the formation of a beautiful crown, young plants 2-3 years old need to cut off each shoot, leaving only 3-4 buds at the base. This can be done until the bush acquires the desired shape. If the plant is already adult, the forming trimming is used only to reduce the size of the crown or remove damaged shoots.
Kalina Buldenezh - pest care and control
The main enemy of viburnum - is aphid, which for a short period of time can lead to the death of all the leaves on the bush. To combat these pests are used as folk remedies, and special chemical preparations.
The folk methods include evening spraying with soapy water. You can also sprinkle the ground around the bushes with wood ash in a rather thick layer. This will scare away unwanted guests.
Kalina "Buldenezh" is often attacked by the larvae and beetles of Kalin leaf beetles. To combat this insect, before blooming the soil in spring, it is necessary to spray the bush with a solution of Inta-Vira or Nitrafen.
Kalina ordinary is also decorative, and not only in June (at the time of flowering), when the bush is literally covered with large, beautiful, snow-white inflorescences. Throughout the summer, its elegant dark - green leaves are very beautiful.
And in the beginning of autumn it is impossible to tear off the eyes of viburnum, because bunches of translucent, large, brightly red berries begin to ripen. Fruit viburnum with 4 years. Fruits - juicy, red drupes of a round or elliptical shape, with yellow pulp, red juice and a flat large bone, edible, effectively stand out against the background of the leaves.
Among the purple leaves, viburnum fruits do not fall off until winter, the first frosts even improve their taste. In a culture grown from ancient times.
In order for the berries to leave bitterness, they must hang before the first frost. Viburnum crops are harvested in clusters and stored throughout the winter at temperatures below zero, for example in the refrigerator.
Kalina ordinary is a shade-tolerant plant. For landscaping places that are practically not illuminated by the sun, mountain ash is indispensable. On the site these places are often the northern side of the buildings, or those places that are shaded by large trees.
Among the ordinary Kalin can be found Kalina Farreri (fragrant viburnum), in which the flowers have a delicate, wonderful aroma. It can bloom 2 times a year: in spring and late summer. If in January to put a sprig of such viburnum into the water, then it will blossom and fill your room with its unique aroma.
Landing features or what viburnum likes
On the garden plot for viburnum, you should choose a half-shaded place with excessive moisture and optimum soil acidity of 5.5-6.5. If there is a pond in the garden, then there is no better place for viburnum.
Planted viburnum in the spring or autumn. The size of the planting hole is 50x50x40 cm. The distance between the plants is 1.5-2.5 m. Root collar is allowed to deepen by 3-5 cm. When planting, add a bucket of humus, a half-liter jar of wood ash, 1 matchbox of superphosphate and 1 each tablespoon of potash and nitrogen fertilizers. Everything is thoroughly mixed with the soil and poured a cone-shaped tubercle, on which the seedling is put and powdered. After planting, the soil should be compacted and watered abundantly (2-3 buckets per bush).
Kalina does not like acid soils, preferring podzolic, slightly acidic, sandy or marsh.
How to feed Kalina?
Viburnum feeding is carried out twice: in the early spring (before the beginning of the growing season) and in the late autumn (before the beginning of the leaf fall). During the spring dressing make a NPK (2 matchboxes per 1 m2).
In the fall, plants are given superphosphate (2 tablespoons per 1 m2) and potassium nitrate (the dosage is two times less). Fertilizers are dispersed superficially, then the soil is dug up and watered.
It is good to use the special fertilizer Agricol, which contains macro- and microelements, and most importantly, there is no chlorine and heavy metals. Increased potassium content increases fruit yield.
As a mineral fertilizer, you can use AVA fertilizer, which is enough to apply 1 time in 3 years. To do this, around the perimeter of the crown, close up 1 tablespoon of fertilizer in the top layer of soil.
In addition to mineral supplementation, it is necessary every year to make any organic fertilizer (a bucket of manure or rotted compost).
Kalina needs frequent watering. In dry summer, at least 2 times a week for 15-20 liters per adult plant.
Kalina grows very quickly. The annual growth of shoots is 40 cm. In order to form a bush, in the second year after planting, the above-ground part of the seedling is cut off early in the spring, leaving 2-3 knots. Strong shoots will develop from them. For the formation of a beautiful bush in shoots 25-30 cm long, you should pinch the growth point. By the fall, shoots will grow, which will become the main branches of the future bush.
For the formation of trees leave one powerful vertical shoot, all others are removed. Within 3 years, one shoot is thrown out, which will become the trunk of a tree. The height of the trunk is 1-1.2 m.
At a height of 2 m near the tree, you should pinch the growing point and form a crown, cutting the shoots and side shoots from the sleeping buds.
Regularly remove shoots, cut out dry and broken branches. Thinning of the crown is recommended every 7-10 years.
Propagation of viburnum
Kalina can be propagated by root suckers, shoots, dividing the bush and cuttings. Better root cuttings of 2-3-year-old wood. Green cuttings can be rooted if they are cut during the period of active growth of shoots.
Seed propagation is difficult because the seeds develop within 2 years. To accelerate seed germination, stratification is applied in two stages at varying temperatures. Freshly harvested seeds are stored in nylon sacks in wet sawdust at room temperature for two months. When the seeds are folded, they are placed in a refrigerator and kept for one month at 5 ° C. Then they are sown in pots or boxes, and transplanted into the open ground in spring. To start the growth of the root, a temperature of + 18-20 ° C is required, and to pass a state of rest from -3 ° C to -5 ° C. Therefore, after 2.5-3 months of warm stratification, the seeds are placed for 3-4 months in cold stratification conditions and only then sown in the ground. The seeding rate is 8-15 g, germination 54-88%. When sown in the fall with freshly harvested seeds, seedlings appear only after a year.
In the first winter, beds with crops of Kalin are covered with leaf and peat. The first two years, seedlings grow slowly, and from the third year their growth increases. Plants of seed origin bear fruit after 4-5 years.
Decorative forms are best propagated by green cuttings. Cuttings harvested from the first decade of June until the end of July. August cuttings rooted only 50%.
The handle is formed as follows: the shoot is cut into pieces 7-10 cm long with 2-3 internodes. Above the leaves, the upper cut is made straight, and under the leaves, the lower cut is oblique. The leaves can be shortened in half, the bottom two leaves are removed altogether. After treatment with heteroauxin, the cuttings are planted in a hotbed under the film. If the cuttings are only 2-3, then under the plastic bottle. The substrate consists of peat and sand, taken in equal volumes. Vegetatively propagated plants enter fruiting in 2-3 years.
The best tips for the care and planting viburnum Buldenezh
In all cases, the causative agents are fungi. Control measures: spraying Bordeaux liquid and its substitutes. Mandatory collection and burning of diseased parts of plants. Ensuring that your pets will not be threatened by any pests and diseases is the right agricultural technique.
Viburnum leaf beetle, moth mole, role moth, kalyn aphid, comma-shaped shield. Treatment with carbofos is recommended before blooming buds in May, and in the presence of gall midges - at the time of flowering, in August they are sprayed with Fufanon or Spark. Against pests, you can use tobacco, garlic or bulbous infusion. Treatment is done once a week until complete destruction of pests.
In the garden, viburnum can be planted alone on the lawn or in small groups with other plants.
Amateur gardeners like decorative forms with yellow-colored or wrinkled leaves. They are also planted in small groups or singly, they can decorate the shore of a small pond. Some viburnum (ordinary, gordovina) is recommended to enter in planting hedges. They are spectacular in the stamba culture.
Even Kalina can be used to create all sorts of decorative compositions, as well as a green fence, because it cuts well.
Viburnum ordinary has cultural forms. Large and sweet varieties created in Siberia and the Urals are: Sverdlovsk semi-sweet, Ural sweet and Altai. Naturally, seedlings do not inherit the parental properties of seed reproduction, so varietal viburnum need to be propagated only vegetatively.
The materials used are Super Garden and My Favorite Dacha
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Other articles of the section "Whether in the garden in the garden":
- Growing lupine. Using lupine as siderata
- Growing viburnum
- Autumn plant bulbous flowers and winter garlic
- Preparing chrysanthemums for winter. How to store chrysanthemums in the winter?
- Decorative wormwood (Artemisia)
- How to care for roses in the garden
- Daylilies. Cultivation, care, breeding, varieties
- Chinese cabbage. Planting and care
- When to trim a mustache in a strawberry?
- Planting and caring for gooseberries
A native of refined France, decorative viburnum Buldenezh pleases the eye with its beautiful white ball-shaped inflorescences, which can be seen in the photo. Its very name indicates these white flowers - in translation from French, boule de neige means “snow globe”. In addition to its beauty, viburnum is very valued in traditional medicine as a means to cleanse the blood vessels and normalize blood pressure. A decoction of flowers and bark of the plant helps with gastritis and gastric ulcer, cures colds and perfectly strengthens the immune system. The flowers and bark of this shrub are used in the production of cosmetics. Tinctures made on the basis of viburnum flowers perfectly cleanse and tone up the skin.
Features viburnum Buldenezh
Unlike ordinary viburnum, ornamental viburnum Buldenezh is a low-growing shrub: its height rarely exceeds three meters (as can be seen in the photo), while ordinary viburnum grows to even five meters.
The seeds of this type of viburnum are quite difficult to get, because it gives very few berries. Reproduction of this shrub occurs only with cuttings and layering.
Especially Buldenezh loves water, so when planting you should take care that its roots receive enough moisture.
Viburnum grows quickly, acquiring over time a spreading crown and buds of inflorescences of a delicate white color with a cream shade, although varieties with colored buds have already been bred (in the photo). Like lilac, viburnum Buldenezh begins to bloom in May, and its flowering period ranges from 25 to 30 days. In autumn, its leaves turn a greenish-purple hue. Care for this type of viburnum is simple, because the Buldenezh tolerates winter frosts, poor soil and all sorts of fertilizers. However, in order for the plant to stick well in your garden, first of all, you need to know how to plant it properly.
Planting Viburnum Buldenezh and growing conditions
This viburnum can be planted twice a year - either in early spring or late autumn.
But in the fall, plant this plant only by dividing the root. It is very simple to do - it is only necessary to carefully cut off part of the side growth of the bush and plant it. Winter is not terrible to the sapling Buldenezh - it perfectly adapts to any weather conditions, especially to cold weather. But the care of this variety is also important.
In the spring for the propagation of viburnum is best to use cuttings. This method is also very simple - you just need to bend down to the ground the lowest branch and attach it with an iron bracket to the ground. Then, it is necessary to sprinkle it with earth and moisturize it abundantly, until the branch releases the roots.
Slightly more difficult to plant a Buldenezh with a cutting, because then the viburnum takes root worse and it takes much more time to root. First you need to grow the stalk. To do this, cut a young shoot, which should be eight to nine buds, and planted it in the ground in the greenhouse (in the photo). The stalk must spend a few months in the greenhouse to become a sapling. It must be plentifully watered.
In the spring stalk Buldenezh planted in open soil.
Kalina of this variety is very unpretentious, but, nevertheless, it is better to plant it in a land saturated with moisture.
Reproduction Buldenezh impossible without moisture. Also, without sufficient water saturation, it is impossible to care for this plant.
How to plant viburnum Buldenezh
- It is necessary to prepare the land. If it is not sufficiently wetted by nature, then it is necessary to take care of the irrigation of the land plot - otherwise it will need additional care.
- Kalina Buldenezh more often planted a single bush, at least - a group of plants. For the bush it is necessary to prepare a hole of 60x60x80 cm.
- Drainage from stones or bark is placed on the bottom of the prepared pit so that water does not accumulate near the roots.
- Kalina should receive sufficient dressing during growth, because the pit must be filled almost to the brim with a mixture of potassium phosphate fertilizers, humus, leaves and peat.
Planting viburnum buldenezh spring and care for the bush in the open field
Then sprinkle viburnum on the ground and pour it abundantly.
Although viburnum Buldenezh very unpretentious shrub, it also needs careful care.
Care for viburnum Buldenezh
The unpretentious nature of Viburnum Buldenezh does not mean that she absolutely does not need care. An adult plant needs regular watering and fertilizing with fertilizers, and a growing shrub should be constantly pruned, freeing it from old, dried branches. But young plants in the first year of life are not recommended to be thoroughly cleaned. Also, do not forget to regularly deal with pests - black Kalina aphids, cruciferous flea and leaf beetle (see photo).
Kalina "Buldenezh": planting, care and reproduction by cuttings
author Zimin P.K., photo Fedotov Alexander
Kalina Buldenezh - flowering shrub with a beautiful name, widely used to decorate gardens and parks. This spectacular viburnum is one of the decorative forms of viburnum ordinary.
Translated from the French "Buldenezh" (Boulle-de-neig) means "snow globe", and if simpler - "snowball". Indeed, the dense inflorescences of Viburnum Buldenezh both in their whiteness, and in their rounded shape, and in size are very similar to the snowballs that we threw at each other in early childhood, when even our enemies were for a moment and make-believe.
Kalina Buldenezh is a sprawling shrub or an elegant stem tree with a thick crown, about 2.5-3 m in height. This viburnum does not give berries, therefore it reproduces only by vegetative means. А ценится Калина Бульденеж за пышное цветение и шаровидные соцветия-«снежки» диаметром от 7 до 15 см. Эти очаровательные соцветия состоят из обилия бесплодных цветков, совершенно без запаха.
Хочу поделиться личным опытом по посадке и уходу, по размножению черенками калины Бульденеж.
Planting Viburnum Buldenezh and caring for the plant
Kalina Buldenezh once settled in our garden in the spring - about 10 years ago, being a ready sapling about 30 cm high.
By the choice of a place for landing this beauty, we all came together very responsibly.
It is known that viburnum Buldenezh is moisture-loving, loves fertile soils. Sun-loving, but tolerates a slight shade. With this in mind, it was decided to plant viburnum on a sunny open place, but with a slight shading from the house - on the east side, right by the window. And the soil at the planting site of viburnum is just suitable, moisture-intensive and fertile (loam).
We prepared a large planting pit (60x60x80 cm), since this is a guarantee of a good “start” for successful rooting and active growth of a young plant. Well shed a pit, then laid a drainage layer of stones and bark on the bottom. After that, they filled it with a prepared nutrient mixture consisting of compost and “native” loam (in a 1: 1 ratio), adding ash and potassium phosphate fertilizers, and shed it again with water.
Then came the equally crucial moment - the direct landing of viburnum. The seedling was carefully pulled out of the container, without destroying the earthen room. Then a hole was made in the pit of the required size and a viburnum was planted, having deepened the root collar of the seedling by about 5 cm. After that, having tamped down a little the soil, we again watered it well.
In the first year, our viburnum did not grow very quickly: for the season its growth was 30-35 cm. Then it got stronger and, having gained root power, was able to “give out” long growths of 80-90 cm. At the moment, this luxuriant flowering plant that has reached 3 meters high and wide.
Like ordinary viburnum, Buldenezh loves watering. During the formation of inflorescences and its flowering, even short-term drying of the soil is unacceptable. Therefore, during the flowering of Viburnum Buldenezh, as well as in extreme heat and drought, we will definitely water the bush (about 2-3 buckets about once a week).
Well and, of course, we would not have achieved such beauty and profusion of viburnum Buldenezh without fertilizing our favorite every spring.
We use compost as an organic supplement (1.5 buckets per bush). And also we put mineral fertilizers in the ground (1-1.5 tablespoons of urea, 2.5-3 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 table spoon of potassium sulfate).
In early spring, before the start of sap flow, we make sanitary pruning of Viburnum viburnum Buldenezh - we cut out weak shoots, as well as those that were broken during the winter.
In order to achieve that splendor of Viburnum Buldenezh, which is available now, every year in the summer, already after flowering, in July we made formative pruning of a bush, not allowing it to grow too fast up and wide.
I want to emphasize that we make pruning of Viburnum Buldenez in July. Because after flowering and pruning, she needs to ensure a sufficiently long time for viburnum to lay flower buds for next year. The viburnum transfers the forming hairstyle very easily.
For the bush to develop well and bloom regularly, pick up a shaded spot for planting. If the bulldone grows in an open area with regular exposure to direct sunlight, it can get burned, and in strong shadows the flowering is scarce and short, and the plant will often be exposed to diseases and pests.
The soil requires loose, nutritious and moderately moisture-intensive. The culture is moisture-loving and will feel good near the reservoir, but avoid stagnant moisture at the roots, be sure to put a drainage layer in the landing hole.
How to plant
Planting can be carried out in spring or autumn. The plant quickly develops a volumetric root system, therefore the depth of the planting pit should be about half a meter, diameter - about 60 cm. We put drainage (coarse sand and peat) on the bottom, then pour 3-4 buckets of paroxysmal manure or compost, supplement the nourishing pillow 2- me glasses of wood ash and 1-m glass of nitrophoska.
In the middle we put a sapling and cover it with earth, we deepen the root neck into the soil by 3-4 cm. Water well when the water is absorbed, grumble with peat or humus. Cut off the shoots by 1/3 so that the seedling will take root faster.
How to care for buldenezh in the garden
The most important is to ensure timely watering, especially during the drought period. From the folk song, we know that viburnum color in the field near the stream. So water it plentifully and often. Before the onset of autumnal cold weather, the soil should be well saturated with moisture, then the plant will successfully overwinter.
To get the most luxuriant bloom, feed the bulldone in spring and summer. If the soil is fertile, it is enough to bring about 2 buckets of compost under one bush every spring, it is distributed in a tree trunk and gently buried in the soil.
In other cases, wood ash or mineral fertilizers will be required:
- In the spring, add 40 g of nitrogen, 30 g of phosphorus and 20 g of potassium per square meter per square meter
- In August, we exclude the nitrogen component and add 40 g of potassium and 20 g of phosphorus.
- You can use wood ash in dry form (600 grams per square meter square) or ash solution (3 liters of ash insist in 10 liters of water for 2 days and diluted in a ratio of 1:10, watered from the flow rate 1 bucket per square meter of trunk circle).
Cutting buldenezha spring
The bush requires sanitary pruning. Every spring before flowering, remove dried, damaged, as well as weak branches, directed to the center of the bush. At the end of flowering, thin out the central part, slightly shorten the lateral shoots, but not more than a third, otherwise they will not bloom. For each adult shrub, leave 8 skeletal branches. If necessary, pruning can be carried out throughout the summer, but not later than the end of August - the plant should have time to harden by the onset of winter.
Scheme trimming bush viburnum Buldenezh
Under the weight of the sprawling inflorescences branches can strongly bend and break. Of course, they can be used for cutting, but it is better to tie the branches to the supports.
Caring for viburnum buldenezh autumn and preparation for winter
Young buldenez bushes will need shelter for the winter - in the fall, grumble the tree trunk with humus. If the winter is harsh, shoots can freeze in adult bushes, but with the onset of spring they will quickly recover.
To help decorative viburnum successfully winter, in September feed it with potash-phosphate fertilizers:
- Take 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 tablespoons of potassium salt, dissolve in 10 liters of water and pour the bush.
- Solution consumption - 1 bucket per square meter of wheel circle.
- Before dressing, well water the bush, let it soak in the water, and only after that you apply the dressing, trying not to pour it under the root, but along the edge of the tree circle (this is where the young roots absorb nutrients).
- After feeding, grumble the trunk circle with humus from a flow rate of 1 bucket per 1 sq. M. Area. If there is no humus, sprinkle fallen leaves or straw, hay with a layer of 10 cm.
How to dig and transplant bush
You can replant only young bushes, up to 3-4 years old. Well overgrown bushes can not withstand transplants and die. The fact is that the root system of viburnum is very weak, on thick roots there is a thin web of peripheral roots that just crumble if you dig up a bush.
Therefore, you need to dig very carefully: first dig around the bush along the edge of the tree circle to a depth equal to half the height of the bush, and then dug from the bottom so as to cut the roots from the bottom. Ideally, you should get an earthen room with the saved root system. So that the earth does not crumble, water the plant for a day, and let the earth dry for a bit so that it remains damp, but does not stick to the spade.
Dug out a bush carefully roll over to a new place in a prepared pit. If the roots are still bare and the earth crumbled, hold the bush for several hours in the root solution, and then plant. After planting, pour abundantly and then monitor the humidity so that the transplanted viburnum buldenezh does not die.
Diseases and pests
Thinning the bush is required not only to maintain decorativeness, but also protection from pests and diseases.
In cold, rainy weather, powdery mildew, gray mold, or blotch occur. Throughout the season, carry out preventive treatment with onion, garlic or tobacco solution. If the disease has occurred, treat with a solution of the drug Abiga-Peak, Hom and others will do.
Without thinning the bush, the pests can be activated - viburnum leaf beetle, black aphid, spotted shield, chellea moth.
Aphids "stick" tops of young shoots and inflorescences at the very beginning of flowering. To fight the pest are very effective drugs Inta-Vir, Spark. Dilute according to the instructions, it will take 2-3 treatments with an interval of 10-12 days.
To protect the bulldonezh from viburnum leaf beetle from autumn, destroy masonry. They are mainly located on the tops of the shoots, you will notice the dark tubercles of egg laying. Cut and burn these parts, spray the bushes with the solution of Karbofos. In the spring, re-inspect and, if necessary, repeat the procedure.
Against the rest of the pests, you can use the same Karbofos, Iskra, Fufafon.
The flowers of this plant are sterile, so reproduction is exclusively vegetative.
- At the end of spring or at the beginning of summer, dig a groove near the bush, bend down to the ground, fasten with a shackle and sprinkle with a layer of compost about 10 cm thick.
- Water freely and keep the soil slightly moist.
- When the roots appear (it will inform the growth of the ground part of this), using a shears or a sharp knife, separate the young sprout from the mother plant.
- Plant separately, perform hilling, carry out regular and abundant watering.
How to propagate Kalina buldenezh cuttings
Buldenezh breeding cuttings photo
Bulldonezh perfectly propagated by cuttings. They are cut from the shoots of the current year at the beginning of summer, make the lower cut at an angle of 45 °, and the top cut - straight. The stalk must contain a pair of bud growth. Completely remove the lower leaves from the cutting, and the upper ones should be cut in half.
For rooting, we take loose soil or sand, deepen the cutting 1.5-2 cm, pour and cover with plastic wrap or plastic bottle on top. Water and air the greenhouse regularly. When the cuttings take root, plant them on the garden for rearing, then transplant them to a permanent growth site.
Kalina Buldenezh in landscape design photo
Snow-white inflorescences the bulldonezh pertinently look against a green lawn and a multi-colored flowerbed. Plant single bushes near the house, and on a large garden plot you can create a hedge.
Bulldonezh in landscape design
Another option is to plant a variety of onion bulbs every season (daffodils, tulips, snowdrops), the flowering time of which ends before the bulldog and does not set off the beauty.
Over the years, the bush becomes sprawling, luxurious - plant it near the pond together with willow.
The gentle bush looks great against the backdrop of strict and majestic conifers (spruce, pine, Tui).
Buldenezh in garden design
Harmoniously the beauty of the buldeneja is complemented by parallel flowering bushes: lilacs of various tones (from light lilac to dark), delicate garden chubushnik, colored hydrangea, and inflorescences of white hydrangea paniculata support the concept of a snow-white garden.
Kalina Buldenezh in landscape design photo
Before and after flowering, when the beauty of the buldenege appears in the leaves, the barberry of Thunberg will be the perfect partner. Suitable neighbors are other shrubs: hawthorn, mountain ash. The combination with maples, oaks, lindens, and white-trout birches looks advantageous.
Buldenezh in landscape design photo
Delicate in appearance, buldenezh adapts even to severe winters, changeable weather conditions and grows well in central Russia. The ornamental shrub is unpretentious in terms of cultivation and care. It is necessary to apply a little strength, and the plant will delight with its beauty for many years.
Kalina Buldenezh is a variety of Viburnum ordinary and is a wide-spread tree up to 4 meters high. With good care, this plant lives up to 50 years or more and every year pleases with long flowering. Buldenez flowers spherical buds in early summer. Flowering is long, from 2 weeks to a month. The blooming flowers first have a greenish tint, then become bright white, at the end of flowering pinkish.
A characteristic feature of the variety is the complete absence of the smell of flowers. The plant is winter-hardy, but in severe winters it can partially freeze. Root system surface type.
The life span of viburnum buldenezh and its flowering largely depend on the correctly chosen landing site and subsequent care. The most suitable place for it is well-moistened soil and light partial shade. It is desirable to replant in spring or autumn, as in the summer heat the saplings take root less. Place for landing is prepared in advance:
- dig a hole not less than 0,5х0,5 meters in size,
- drainage is laid on the bottom - fragments of bricks, crushed stone, sand,
- Prepare a nutritional mixture of compost, ash, complex fertilizer and garden soil.
The seedling is immersed in a hole on a mound of the nutrient mixture, straighten the roots, bury the root collar a few centimeters and fill it with the remaining soil. After planting it is poured abundantly and more land is sown after settling. From above, the landing site can be mulched so that the earth does not dry out quickly.
In group plantings, each sapling needs at least 4 square meters, since the tree is highly sprawling.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
For abundant and prolonged flowering viburnum buldenezh need to be fed regularly. In the first 2-3 years the plant has enough nutrients embedded in the planting pit. In the following years, it is fed in the spring with nitrogen fertilizers or compost, in the fall - with phosphate and potash fertilizers. Fertilizers can be scattered in a pristvolny circle, having pierced a rake and plentifully watering. In order for all nutrients to go straight to the roots, another method is used:
Fertilizer rates indicated on the package should not be exceeded. The plant will not be able to assimilate them. This will lead to weed growth and soil contamination with nitrates and other chemicals.
Before flowering viburnum can be sprayed with complex fertilizer containing boron. This trace element stimulates abundant flowering.
Variants and methods of reproduction
Viburnum breeding buldenezh is possible only in a vegetative way, as it is sterile and does not give seeds. Propagate it in three ways - layering, dividing the bush and cuttings.
In order to get a new plant by layering, you need to perform the following steps:
- in the spring, near the bush, dig up the longitudinal grooves,
- put branches in them
- press to the ground with wooden staples,
- cover this place with earth and keep it wet all summer.
Already by the fall, the otvodka formed its own roots, and in the spring of next year sprouts appear. A year later, when the cuttings become stronger and increase the root mass, the new plant can be separated from the mother plant by cutting a prikatanny branch between them with a sharp shovel.
To propagate viburnum in the second way - by dividing a bush - much faster, but more painful for the whole plant, as the roots are more injured. This method is suitable only if it is formed as a bush and from the roots comes a lot of branches. For this, the root system is partially digged with a shovel and the bush is cut so that each part of it contains both roots and branches. Then all parts are deposited separately. After planting the seedlings are watered.
The easiest way to propagate decorative viburnum buldenezh cuttings. For cuttings fit healthy branches, removed during spring pruning. On each handle should be several buds. They are buried in the ground obliquely so that half of the kidneys are in the ground. Their roots are subsequently formed. Cuttings are regularly watered. When a young shrub with roots and branches is formed from the cutting, it can be transplanted to a permanent place or left in the same place.
The ground around the seedling should be kept wet and loose, so that the roots have enough moisture and oxygen.
Viburnum pests and control
Viburnum buldenezh leaves are strongly affected by three pests: the leaf beetle beetle, the shield and the aphids.
The leaf beetle nibbles the leaves to the veins and is able to destroy the entire bush. To combat it, viburnum 2 times per season is sprayed with Carbofos: in May to destroy the larvae, in August to get rid of adult individuals.
For the destruction of shields and aphids, the plant is treated with Aktar, Fufanon, Agravertin. With a small lesion, you can do with folk remedies: infusion of garlic or ash with laundry soap.
Also viburnum buldenezh suffers from powdery mildew. From this fungal disease will help a set of measures:
- spraying with 0.5% solution of blue vitriol in early spring before leafing,
- reduction of watering, should be watered only at the root,
- treatment during the growing season Bordeaux liquid
- destruction of weeds carrying powdery mildew, especially wheat grass.
The incidence of viburnum is influenced by crowded plantings and thickened crown. На любом фото здорового дерева калины бульденеж видно, что растет она свободно, крона достаточно разрежена, а трава под деревом выкошена.
Выполнение этих несложных рекомендаций поможет вырастить здоровое и красивое дерево. Decorative viburnum will live in your garden for a long time and every year will delight with an abundance of lush snow balls.
Kalina Buldenezh in landscape design, the photo of which only slightly reflects its exotic beauty, is used everywhere:
Before you start planting the seedling on the open ground, you will need:
- Dig a hole (its diameter should not be less than 60-70 cm, and depth - 50-60 cm).
- At the bottom put pieces of broken bricks or large crushed stone.
- Cover the previous layer with sand (layer - 10-15 cm).
- Fill the pit with prepared soil (4 buckets of compost are mixed with 2-3 glasses of wood ash and a glass of nitrophoska).
- Then viburnum is immersed in a pit with soil (3-5 cm below its root neck), plentifully watered with water, covered with a layer of humus or sawdust.
This pest affects not only foliage, but also flowers. To combat it, you can use special ready-made substances - INTA-VIR or Spark. They are bred according to the instructions, twice treated bush (the interval between them is 10-12 days).
Another option is a soap solution (laundry soap is diluted in water to get a fairly concentrated mixture). Apply it to the whole bush with a sprayer. After processing it can not be washed off.
Fight against leaf beetles
In order to prevent the appearance of leaf beetles on the bushes of buldenezh, it is necessary to carry out mandatory preventive measures. The best time to complete them is early spring or late autumn. For processing can be used - Karbofos, Fufanon, as well as any available chemicals.
If it is not possible to purchase special preparations, gardeners recommend breaking off or cutting off the affected shoots. Of course, such actions are not always feasible (as the bushes are very tall), but they are also considered a good preventive measure to prevent further spread of the leaf beetle.
Knowing all these features of cultivation of Viburnum Buldenezh, everyone can independently plant it and propagate it on its own plot. Try it, everything must come out!
Kalina Buldenezh: photo
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Thank you for the detailed information about this beautiful shrub! I have been blooming for the third year, it grows every year and I realized that I planted it not in the right place .. Can you tell me if I can transplant it to another place - when and how to do it? Thank you for your advice!
The spread in the territory of Russia of the lush bush of the buldenezh took place with the light hand of Empress Catherine II. At first, the “snow globe” grew in the courts of aristocrats and landowners. The gardens, completely cased with ornamental bushes, buldenezh, became famous. Gardeners competed with each other in skill, creating bizarre forms of bushes, surprising with shtambami, not inferior to roses.
The decorative variety of viburnum varieties Buldenezh attracts the eye with spherical inflorescences with white flowers. In the uncool state, the inflorescences reach a diameter of up to 20 cm, each flower consists of several petals without stamens. The plant is sterile, due to the futility of flowers.
Brief description of the plant:
- bush height up to 3.5 m.
- flowering begins in May, lasts from two to three weeks
- At first, the flowers are painted in light green tones, gradually becoming pale pink, in full dissolution - white
- inflorescences preserve the freshness of the month, then the petals dry out
- amenable to formation in the form of a bush, trunk or trunk
- leaves of saturated color, differ in large streaks
- Shoots grow straight, and if not formed, form a crown, reaching up to 1.5 m in diameter.
Kalina Buldenezh is considered to be a capricious shrub, but with proper planting and care, it will be an ornament to the front garden. It is necessary to choose a place for planting, provide watering for the winter and fight disease in time.
Varieties of ornamental shrubs
Choose a type of buldenez regarding use in landscape gardening of a site:
- Common form. Enjoys popularity among summer residents, forms voluminous bushes with hanging branches, moisture-loving. Create garden compositions with dark-colored lilac, conifer.
- Decorative form. It has a more compact size.
- Form viburnum Buldenez Roseum. According to the characteristics, the bulldeneg repeats the maternal form, but with double flowers, which, upon dissolution, have a greenish tint, gradually turning into a pastel-pink color. It grows up to 3 meters in height and is suitable for forming a stem tree.
With a vast backyard area, it is appropriate to plant a buldenezh group planting, not far from the water surface of lakes or streams. Designers recommend shrubs positioned along the fences to decorate unsightly areas.
Permanent growing area
Planting and care for viburnum roseum involves the reproduction of shrubs, providing a seedling with comfortable conditions for rooting. It is better to engage in planting in the preparation stage of buldenezh for winter hibernation. Choose a place in the east or west direction so that the plant will be lit by the sun for half a day. In the open, leaves will get burned, and in the shade inflorescences will be much smaller than those stated in the description of the variety.
For planting loose soil. You should have bushes near the reservoir or take care of watering, but without stagnant water, so that the roots get enough moisture.
In order to avoid rotting of the root system, they necessarily take care of the drainage in the planting pit.
Secrets of planting seedlings
To protect the root neck of viburnum from drying out, it should be slightly buried in the ground during planting. They tamper with a tree-circle to conveniently water and mulch a young plant. Some gardeners constantly spud pristvolny circle, but you can do better - fill it around the perimeter with rotted sawdust or peat, so the soil will remain wet for a long time, and the weeds will not sprout to the surface.
Secrets of a successful landing:
- Dig a planting pit to a depth of 80 cm, and in length - 60 cm on both sides. One pit is enough for one seedling, but if desired, group plantings are allowed for several pieces at once.
- At the bottom of the bed fall asleep a layer of broken brick, pebbles or large pieces of bark. This forms the drainage layer, which contributes to the preservation of moisture near the roots.
- The next layer is applied substrate consisting of 4 compost buckets, 600 g of ash and 200 g of nitroammofoski.
- Place the stalk at 3 cm below the soil level, covered with soil, tamped and watered abundantly.
- Immediately pour a thick layer of mulch, in order to preserve moisture and heat.
Kalina Buldenezh should be placed in a group under the scheme 2 by 2 meters. The shrub quickly grows its powerful roots, after 3 years it will please with lush inflorescences.
Time-consuming grafting process
- after pruning in the summer bush leave a few cuttings
- cuttings are cut at an angle of 45 degrees, at the base they expose the bark
- it is necessary to leave one internode, tear off the remaining leaves
- for a day, shoots are dipped into Kornevin's solution to enhance the formation of roots
- prepare a soil mixture of equal parts of humus, sand and turf land
- planted cuttings to a depth of 2 cm
Cover cuttings with plastic bottles or plastic wrap to maintain high humidity. Regularly inspect shoots, produce regular spraying. If you comply with the conditions, then the cuttings will soon take root, will begin to produce young shoots.
Providing optimal care
A gorgeous hedge of lush plants will attract rapt views.Proper care will ensure the beautiful flowering of Viburnum Buldonezh
It is necessary to hold regular care activities to the shrub pleased snow-white inflorescences:
- Sow free space around the plant with lawn grasses that will protect the root system in the winter. In severe winters, shoots can freeze slightly, but with a strong root zone they will quickly recover and grow.
- Provide abundant watering. Under each plant is poured 2 buckets of water twice a week. In dry weather, watering is done more often, paying special attention to young plantings.
- Fertilizers are applied only after watering, so as not to burn the roots. Since the beginning of the growing season they are fertilized with nitroammofoska, from the middle of summer they have been making superphosphate and potassium nitrate.
- Weed control is carried out regularly.
- In the second year of growth, they begin to form a trimming shrub.
- After flowering, dry and thickening crown branches are removed, long shoots are shortened, since the end of summer it is impossible to prune.
- Spraying against diseases and pests.
Compliance with the rules for the care of ornamental shrubs will be the key to a healthy type of plant, and timely pruning will prevent the appearance of weakened branches. Take care of the props for the bush, under the weight of heavy snow caps of the inflorescences break and crack the branches.
A shrub without timely pruning will turn into an untidy plant with brittle branches, weakly forming inflorescences. Young bushes are not subjected to severe pruning, give time to build a powerful root system. The gardener should timely perform work on pruning an adult plant, turn on the fantasy to form unusual shapes and large-scale flowering next season.
To form a multi-stemmed shrub, all branches should be cut at a distance of 20 cm from the ground. In the first year they do not allow the buldene to bloom, so that the plant does not squander all the reserves for the formation of buds. All inflorescences break out, and at the end of the summer they nip young shoots.
When the bush grows viburnum should be pruned immediately after drying inflorescences to activate the tab flower buds of the next season. Pruning produced in the spring will weaken the bush, will not allow to bloom profusely. Prior to the formation of buds, it is allowed to remove only dry and broken branches. In the summer, they cut the shrub, shorten the side shoots a little, weak branches in the center are removed at their discretion. All pruning stops with the onset of August, give the plant to prepare for wintering. With age, the bush increases its mass, takes care of the garter of young shoots to wooden supports.
Buldenezh responds well to shaping trimmings, which makes it possible to form a magnificent crown, both at high and at low punch.Standard form of viburnum
Choose the strongest central shoot that can withstand the heavy crown. Then cut out all the lateral buds and shoots, regularly remove basal shoots. Activities are repeated for several years until they reach the desired height of the plant, after which they pinch the upper bud. It remains to apply the skill in a haircut to get a magnificent crown or create geometric shapes at will.
Pest and disease affliction
Even with a small gardening experience is not difficult to plant and care for viburnum buldenezh. The main problem is diseases and pests that can destroy a plant in a few days:
- Viburnum leaf beetle under the bark lays eggs, and the appeared larvae eat the leaves of the shrub, leaving behind only the veins. Before the onset of frosts, they begin to destroy the pest eggs, which are most often located on the tops of the branches. In winter, one should climb a snow crust to examine shoots for the presence of dark-colored growths of egg-laying, in order to cut and burn the affected branches. In the spring, viburnum should be treated with Karbofos or Fufanon.
- With the beginning of flowering appears in large quantities aphid. Insects not only stick to young shoots, but also settle on the inflorescences of the shrub. Bred according to the instructions Spark or INTA-VIR, spend three spraying every decade. Helps to defeat the invasion of aphids strong infusion of tobacco with 50 g of green soap, diluted in a bucket of water. When there is nothing “chemistry” at hand, it is possible to send a stream of water from a hose to the shoots in order to wash off the aphids. Control the water pressure so as not to spoil the lush inflorescences.
- The plant is also affected by the shield; therefore, treatment is carried out with Agravertin, Aktar or Fufanon. If the pest captured a small area, use an infusion of ash or garlic with laundry soap.
- Viburnum gallitsa damages flower buds. Young individuals winter in the soil layer, wrapped in arachnoid cocoons. Adult females lay their eggs inside the bud, here the larvae develop, so bloated, malformed inflorescences form. In early spring, digging of the trunk circle is done, before and after flowering the shrub is treated with Karbofos.
All spraying should be planned for the evening in dry windless weather. Visual inspection of the presence of pests should be carried out regularly in order to start taking action on time. If there are many different plants on the plot, then it will not be possible to exclude the appearance of a new wave of pests.
Decorative shrubs of buldenezh are affected by diseases:
- Mealy dew. Determined by the white bloom on the leaves of the plant, which over time becomes more distinct. Once spraying is carried out with a base solution (25 g of the substance will be required for a bucket of water) Water only under the root, reduce the number of irrigations, also destroy weeds that are carriers of powdery mildew (wheatgrass is especially dangerous).
- Rust. On the leaves appeared areas, painted in bright orange color. Immediately spray the shrub with Bordeaux mixture to eliminate the focus of the disease.
Gardeners point out that diseases can develop so rapidly that in a short time they move on to neighboring plants. Sometimes a plant is so plentiful that it only remains to destroy it so as not to lose the rest of the flowering trees and shrubs.
Most often, the disease affects the buldenezh growing in thickened plantings. Healthy shrubs grow freely, they have sparse crown, weeds are mown under the plants.
At any time of the year, the bush of viburnum buldenezh looks favorably in the garden. Due to its good winter hardiness, it remains in the frost without shelter, therefore the article stands out among the snowdrifts. After the snow melts, primrose flowers appear under the ornamental shrubs, bright stars burning under the openwork branches.
On the eve of summer, ornamental shrubs are experiencing a stellar time. The shrub of a snow globe throws out gentle-green buds of flowers which blow up by huge dazzling clods of inflorescences.
Even after flowering, decorative carved foliage remains, changing color from green to yellowish-red.
Planting an ornamental bush, buldenezh on the plot, is not at all difficult. The plant is available not only to experienced gardeners, but also to amateurs. It is necessary to give him a minimum of care, plant on fertile soil, provide watering and dressing to see every spring enchanting spectacle - a spectacular bush, sprinkled with snow balls inflorescences.
Kalina Buldenezh - on video:
Planting and care or what you need to grow a viburnum decorative
Landing is carried out in early spring. You can try to plant the plant in late autumn, before frost. In the second case, the seedlings will have enough time for adaptation, but they can be planted only by dividing the root. You will need to find the lateral process of the young growth and separate it from the bush. This should be done carefully so as not to damage.
For feeding viburnum and other species of plants, we recommend using the microelement complex AGRONAN!
If planting by cuttings, then you will need to bend the lower branch of the plant to the ground and secure with a wire bracket, and sprinkle it on top of it. Maintain in this position, the plant must be in a wet state, while the process does not take root. After that, you need to separate the branch from the large bush and then transplant to another place.
Cutting this shrub is much more difficult by cutting. In this process, you will need much more time. So, first cut off a branch of a young shoot with about eight buds and sit in the fertile soil. This should be done in a greenhouse, watering should be moderate, and the air temperature should be kept high. In such conditions, the stalk should be until next spring, and only then be planted in open ground.
For comfortable irrigation, use the unique S-HOSE garden hose!