It has long been used in folk medicine red elderberry, whose healing properties help to cope with many diseases. Possessing little toxicity, this plant requires strict adherence to all recommendations for use and dosages.
Elderberry is a branchy shrub or tree not more than five meters high with a wrinkled bark of a brown color that has a purple tinge on young twigs. Single-pinnate leaves consist of 5-7 oblong pointed elliptical leaflets.
Flowers, gathered in panicles sticking up, appear in late April. They consist of a spinal-blind corolla and calyx with 5 cloves. The color of the flowers is greenish first, then becomes yellowish white.
The tree acquires its ornamentation in July, when it is decorated with brushes of bright red, glistening, stone berries. They contain three bones and have not very pleasant taste. Although birds love them. Pecking berries, they thereby promote the dispersal of seeds. Elderberry grows quite quickly, starting to bear fruit from the third year of life.
Due to its decorative features, as well as endurance and unpretentiousness, this plant is very often used for landscaping city streets and squares. But it is highly valued in red medicine as well. All parts of this plant have medicinal properties - bark, flowers, leaves and roots.
Elderberry flowers contain a lot of vitamin C, tannin, essential oils, organic acids, tannins, mineral salts and resins. Many of the above components are found in the bark of the plant, which in addition to them is also rich in phytosterol, ceryl alcohol and pectin substances. Elderberry berries contain amino acids, ascorbic acid, fatty oils, and sambunigrin, which cause fruit toxicity.
Elderberry red. Beneficial features
Drugs created on the basis of this plant have long been used in traditional medicine. Antipyretic, diaphoretic action of elderberry helps with colds. Decoction of the roots is recommended for patients with diabetes. With pustular skin diseases, hemorrhoids, burns and diaper rash, the use of floral infusions is very effective. Broth made from the fruits of elderberry, can help with gastric ulcer, hepatitis, normalizes metabolism.
Red elderberry has a diuretic, antiedematous, antihypoxic effect. The healing properties of fresh berries are used in gynecology, as well as for the treatment of rheumatism and gout. They also have the ability to cleanse the body of radionuclides.
Caution - poison
When treating with the use of elder-based products, care should be taken. The content in this plant of a certain amount of hydrocyanic acid causes a decrease in the activity of enzymes, which can lead to tissue hypoxia (oxygen starvation). This is manifested in the appearance of shortness of breath and increased breathing.
Against this background, heart rate may slow down, blood pressure may increase, as a result of which the onset of a complete cardiac arrest is not excluded.
Especially poisonous unripe elderberry fruits. The use of infusions and decoctions of them can cause excessive intoxication, which can disrupt the processes of oxidation and recovery in body tissues, lead to a decrease in temperature and the overall serious condition of a person for a long period.
Recognized official medicine and less dangerous is the elderberry black. Red, the healing properties of which, although no less attractive, should be applied very carefully, with strict adherence to the technology of preparation.
For therapeutic purposes, apply all parts of this plant. Their collection is carried out at different times. Flowers harvested at the time of full blooming. They are laid out in a thin layer on a sheet of paper and placed in a well-ventilated shaded place. Dried flowers must be threshed or kneaded with their hands, after which they carefully sift and remove the pedicels.
Preparation of bark is made in the spring, during sap flow. To remove it, make cross-cuts with a knife at a distance of about 30 cm and connect them longitudinally. Use the bark of young trees.
Infusions and decoctions
These funds are prepared only from dried raw materials, since the glycoside of sambucininigrin in the plant is lost during drying. The decoction has a very effective effect, it retains elderberry red healing properties. For foot fungus, it is prepared as follows: two tablespoons of flowers are placed in a glass of water, brought to a boil, and kept on low heat for 10 minutes. After the broth has cooled, you need to pour 500 ml of cold water into it. Feet lower into this solution and hold for 20 minutes. Do not wipe.
In a container with water (250 ml) add one spoonful of dried flowers of elderberry and boil for 5 minutes. Cool, strain and use for treatment. This is an excellent tool for inflammatory processes, it can be used for rinsing the throat with sore throat and coughing. A decoction of the roots is effective in psoriasis.
In many diseases, infusions from this plant help because of the numerous medicinal properties of elderberry red. Their recipes are different and depend on the problem to be solved and the raw materials used.
As a diaphoretic during the period of colds, as well as with rheumatism, asthma can be helped by an infusion made from two teaspoons of elder flowers filled with boiling water (1 cup). Infused for 15 minutes and taken half a glass in the morning and evening.
When bronchitis is recommended infusion of elder bark. In 300 ml of boiling water, a tablespoon of bark is filled up and infused for 2 hours.
People with peptic ulcer are advised to take an infusion made from ripe dried fruit for 1 month (1 tablespoon of berries per 3 liters of boiling water).
Elderberry is used in various forms. The healing properties of tinctures made on the basis of bark, flowers or fruits help to get rid of many diseases. There are several recipes:
- Fresh berries fall three quarters into a three-liter jar and top up with vodka. Cover and store in a dark place. After a month, you can use the resulting tincture for compresses or lubrication of problem areas with osteochondrosis, arthritis, vertebral dislocation or heel spur.
- One liter of white dry wine pour in elder bark of 200 g, leave to infuse for 2 days and drink with dropsy in 10 ml.
- In the flowers of elderberry add alcohol (1:10) and insist in a dark place. After 10 days, strain the solution and take 30 drops in the morning and evening for colds, rheumatism and bronchial asthma.
Application of elderberry red
From the berries of this plant prepare a tasty and healthy juice. It serves as a good prophylactic agent for various diseases. Berries are scalded with boiling water, squeezed juice from them, put sugar and bring to a boil. Drink 50 ml per day. Also from the fruits of elderberry make jam and jams of great taste.
In order not to cause negative effects from the use of this plant, it is necessary to know what the elderberry has medicinal properties and contraindications. The latter is especially important given the toxicity of the fruit. Caution should be observed when taking funds from the elderberry to people suffering from gastrointestinal diseases, children and pregnant women.
Red elderberry is not an official medicinal plant, so you should not risk it and apply it to those who have no experience in using such products. It is better to trust trusted drugs.
Elderberry: medicinal properties, use, contraindications
Elderberry is a plant that, due to its useful properties, has acquired a lot of various myths and legends. The fruits of a small shrub, sung in literary works, have certain qualities that make it possible to use elderberry for medicinal purposes. But at the same time, an elder can cause serious damage to health. To effectively use the potential of this plant you need to know everything about it.
What is an elderberry and its types
Elderberry is a small shrub reaching 3–10 meters high. Flowering begins in late May and ends by mid-June. The fruits ripen by mid-September. It grows in forests, plantings, is not particularly sensitive to sunlight, so it feels good in the shade.
Elderberry is divided into 2 main varieties:
At the same time around the world you can find 25 species of this plant. In native spaces, red and black elderberry are most common.
As a medicine, both inflorescence and fruit can be used. Leaves and even shrub bark are used. Elderberry pollen is considered a valuable component in beekeepers, it greatly enhances the beneficial properties of honey. Another plant is used to fight rodents - mice.
Black elderberry - useful, medicinal properties
Black elderberry has a huge amount of healing properties. For example, the young leaves of the shrub can be used in food, add them to the salad. They have a powerful cleansing effect, solve problems with the gastrointestinal tract, in particular, relieve constipation. Young leaves of elderberry are also a diuretic. They effectively relieve inflammation, knock down the temperature. Elderberry leaves can be applied to burns, which speeds up the healing process, relieves inflammation and reduces pain.
Elderberry fruits - small black berries, gathered in bunches - this is a real pantry of vitamins and useful trace elements:
- Ascorbic Acid - Vitamin C,
- Free acid complex
- Sambucin - this element is found only in elder fruit,
Prepared from the fruits of elderberry drink, is a powerful preventive measure that nourishes the body with a complex of substances that strengthen the immune system. Black elderberry berries serve as a preventive measure for ulcers and hepatitis, and are also effectively used for the treatment of neuralgia. Useful properties preserve and dried elderberry fruits. They effectively eliminate the manifestations of tropical malaria and are used in the fight against cancer.
The inflorescence, which contains:
- Compound of organic acids, consisting of: acetic, valerian, coffee, malic, chlorogenic acid,
- Essential oil,
- Rutin-like aldrin glycoside,
Young elder flower inflorescence is used to make a tonic drink that nourishes the body with useful elements. Also, flowers can be used as a cosmetic tool. Of these, preparing a composition similar to the lotion, which lubricates the skin of the face. This is an excellent means of cleansing and rejuvenation.
Elderberry bark is used to treat arthritis, rheumatism, gout. For this, a decoction is made and applied in the form of lotions or compresses to the sore spots. Also, a decoction of elderbark can be drunk for diseases of the kidneys and skin. If you mix the leaves, bark and elderberry fruits, you will get an elixir that restores metabolism.
Elderberry black - contraindications and dangers
With an impressive list of healing qualities, black elderberry has no less than a list of restrictions. In general, this is one of the most controversial plants. A huge number of legends and myths are associated with it, and mystical properties are attributed to the elder. This is due to its inconsistency. For example, the fruits of a plant are a remedy for ulcers, but at the same time they are absolutely contraindicated in colitis, an inflammatory process of the intestine. This disease may take the form of an ulcer in a neglected state.
It is strictly forbidden to use any kind of elder in pregnant women and children under three years old. There is a risk that the body of an adult will not take drugs made from black elderberry. This is called individual intolerance, it can be expressed in uncontrolled allergic reactions, nausea, vomiting. With such symptoms, you must immediately stop taking the medicine and consult a doctor.
Another contraindication for the use of elderberry are diseases of the stomach. In general, you need to carefully use the plant as a therapeutic or prophylactic agent. To protect yourself from unforeseen consequences, before eating the fruits of the plant and medicines made from it, you should consult a doctor for advice. It is advisable to use black elderberry under the supervision of an experienced specialist.
Elderberry - useful, healing properties
Red elderberry is even more controversial than black. Officially, it is considered to be a potent poison, since the berries of the shrub contain cenellic acid. This substance is a toxic toxin. That is why medicine does not consider red elder as a medicinal and prophylactic agent. But this does not prevent traditional medicine from effectively using the plant in the treatment of serious diseases.
The reason for this positioning of the red elderberry is the lack of detailed studies of its composition, which does not allow the official science to speak about the beneficial properties of this type of shrub.
But it would be unfair not to mention how red elderberry is used in folk medicine:
- An infusion of fresh or dried fruit is used to treat stomach ulcers and bronchitis,
- A decoction of color will relieve the acute manifestations of severe respiratory diseases - asthma or a cold cough. You can also drink it to get rid of a headache,
- Tincture of red elderberry inflorescence will relieve from the pathological changes of the cartilage tissue of the joints. This is a good remedy for salt deposits, spurs and age-related hormonal disorders in women. Tincture of red elderberry berries in brandy is used to treat cancer,
- Red elderberry jelly is a potent laxative.
Also, the shrub and its fruits are widely used in the economy. The berries were polished to a shine copper dishes, washed their hands. The elder was made paint, the girls used it instead of cosmetics. But this is all in the past, today such use of red elderberry is a rarity.
Elderberry red - contraindications and dangers
Red elderberry has practically the same contraindications and restrictions in use, as black. But the difference is that the red variety of the plant, unlike the black one, is not generally considered by medicine as a medicine. Therefore, the use of tools made from this plant must be very carefully. Actually, a person does this at his own peril and risk, since there is a high probability of severe poisoning or the manifestation of other side effects.
The most acceptable option would be the use of black elderberry. Its properties are studied to a greater extent and it is considered by medicine as a drug.
- Elderberry refreshing drink. Prepared by mixing the fresh color of elderberry, water, lemon juice and zest. After that, you must wait until the mixture starts to play and strain it. It turns out tonic, healthy drink
- Elderberry tincture. It is necessary to pour 1 tablespoon of dry berries with a glass of boiling water. Cover the mixture and let stand for 2 hours, then decant. It is an effective pathogen. Berries can be replaced with chopped bark. In this case, the infusion is used to treat diseases of the respiratory tract. You can also use elderberry dry inflorescence for making infusion using the same recipe, which will help get rid of rheumatism,
- Tincture with elderberry on cognac or white wine. 100 g of bark or elderberry need 200 g of brandy or white wine. The mixture is infused for 2 days. After that it is filtered. Such infusions can be used both in the form of compresses, and orally through the mouth,
- Puree, jam, elderberry jam. This will require 1 kg of fresh elderberry berries, 0.5 kg of sugar. Fruits are carefully washed beforehand under running water. Then rubbed with sugar, the result should be a homogeneous mass - mashed potatoes. It can be used fresh or seamed. At the same time, we should not forget about pasteurization, so that the jam or jam will stand for a long time and not explode,
- Elderberry juice. Fresh berries are thoroughly washed, then treated with boiling water and settled for 10 minutes. Now the berries are rubbed through a sieve or drushlag. Sugar is added to the resulting mass in a ratio of 1/2 and it is put on fire, after boiling it is removed. The resulting juice is a powerful preventive measure. source of vitamins and just a nice drink.
All the above recipes are suitable for both black and red elderberry.
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Elderberry red - therapeutic properties and contraindications
Medicinal properties of red elderberry are known from time immemorial - they are used in traditional medicine. The composition of flowers, berries, leaves and bark includes a wide range of active ingredients - vitamins, essential oils, resins, tannins and organic salts.
Useful properties of red elderberry berries - infusions and decoctions
A red elderberry is a low tree or shrub belonging to the adox family. Red clusters of elderberry fruits look very decorative, so this plant is often planted for landscaping.
The composition of red elderberry berries includes ascorbinka, rutin, amino acids, fatty and essential oils. To get rid of the poisonous components of the red elderberry, it is recommended to dry it before use.
Infusion of dry berries for stomach ulcers
- 20 g of crushed berries
- 3 liters of water.
Berries pour boiled chilled water and insist in a dark place for about a day.
Insist drink three times a day, 100 ml, the course - 1 month. After consuming the drug, you need to eat 30 g of butter.
Infusion of fresh elderberry in diseases of the musculoskeletal apprarat
Alcohol infusion of fresh red elderberry berries can be used externally for arthritis, osteochondrosis, osteomyelitis, and heel spur.
The berries are poured into glassware (3/4 volume) and poured with vodka. To insist means put in a warm place for 30 days. Then the drug is used externally (for compresses).
Alcoholic infusion of red elderberry flowers is used for asthma, catarrhal diseases, headaches, and pathological menopause.
Medicinal properties of bark, leaves and flowers of red elderberry
Red elderberry infusion recipe for alcohol
Berries are poured with alcohol in the ratio of 1:10 and left for 14 days in a cool, dark place.
Apply tincture of 10-30 drops 3 times a day.
Broth based on the flowers of red elderberry is used for rinsing mucous mouth and throat with sore throat, pharyngitis, cough, stomatitis.
Broth from elderberry flowers for throat and oral cavity
- glass of water,
- 1 tbsp. l dry elderberry flowers.
Dried flowers pour a glass of boiling water and boil for 5 minutes at minimum heat.
Elder bark infusion for bronchitis
- 1 tablespoon of bark,
- 300 ml of boiling water.
The bark is poured boiling water and give how to insist.
After a couple of hours, when the remedy of traditional medicine is ready, it should be taken - 100 ml 3 times a day.
Broth leaves or young branches of red elderberry
Use as relieves from constipation, diuretic and diaphoretic.
- 1 tsp dry leaves and twigs,
- a glass of boiled water.
Raw materials are poured with water, brought to a boil, and left at minimum heat for 5 minutes. Use folk remedy 1 tablespoon three times a day after meals.
In addition to the beneficial properties of red elderberry berries, there are also contraindications.
Red elderberry can be used only strictly observing the dosage. In addition to useful substances, this berry contains amygdalin. This substance is transformed into hydrocyanic acid - the strongest poison, calling for oxygen starvation of body tissues, as a result of which cardiac arrest may occur. The most poisonous unripe fruit.
Contraindications also include individual intolerance, child age and gestation period.
Using these folk remedies, you should remember to be careful and do not exceed the dosage. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to discuss its feasibility with your doctor, the best option if he will monitor the course of therapy with folk remedies.
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Medicinal properties and contraindications of red elderberry
Home → Medicinal herbs → Black elder
Elderberry is a perennial plant of the honeysuckle family. Looks like a small tree or a small bush. It is believed that this plant is poisonous. Therefore, sometimes used to get rid of pests. But despite this, red elderberry is used in alternative treatment. But traditional medicine does not recognize it, since the influence of the plant has been studied very little and does not have an evidence base of useful components. However, red elderberry has its own healing properties and contraindications.
- Medicinal properties of elderberry
- The use of elderberry in various diseases
- Harvesting plants
- The use of elderberry for non-medical purposes
Medicinal properties of elderberry
This plant has a rather complicated composition. Alternative medicine applies to the preparation of medicines not only the berries of the plant, but also other parts of the plant. It is used as an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, removing high body temperature, laxative, healing and normalizing metabolism of an effective agent. Therefore, elderberry is used to combat such illnesses:
- flu and cold
- all sorts of poisoning
- swelling of limbs
- bronchial asthma,
- hormonal imbalance,
- mental disorders, nervous breakdowns.
Important! Learn how to apply for the treatment of black elderberry juice. And as well as make jam from black elderberry.
If this plant is so useful, despite the fact that it contains toxic substances, the question arises: is it edible or not red elderberry? By themselves, the berries are not poisonous, but it is believed that they can not be used. The reason is the accumulation of poison in unripe fruits, which cannot always be identified.
2 tbsp. l flowers plants to connect with 1 cup of water. Put on the fire for boiling. Leave to cool for a few minutes. Take warm 100 ml 2 times a day. The medicine should be drunk slowly, in small sips.
Read! How to plant and care for black elderberry.
This medicine is naturally suitable exclusively for women. Not always this period passes cloudlessly. In order to normalize the body, you can prepare the drug from the elderberry. You will need flowers that should be poured with diluted alcohol in a ratio of 1: 5. Put in a cool dark place for 2 weeks, occasionally shaking. After the time, use the tincture of 30 drops 3 times a day.
All types of arthritis
At the bottom of a liter jar, gently fold elderberry berries, filling it a little less than half. Until the end pour vodka or alcohol. Tightly cork a can. Insist in a warm place for 1 month. The resulting tincture is used for applying compresses on the affected parts of the body with arthritis. It is better to carry out the procedure at night. For a more effective effect in parallel, you can take broths of elderberry inside 2 times a day - in the morning and evening.
Application in oncology
Useful properties of this plant contribute to the active formation of red blood cells. Many try to treat cancer with elderberry.
- It will take a three-liter jar, which must be completely filled with ripe fresh elderberry.
- Pour with 1 glass of brandy. Leave in a cool dark place for 10 days.
- After the time has elapsed, remove berries from the jar and grind to a puree.
- Add 100 ml of birch buds tincture and return to the jar with the formed juice. Again insist 10 days.
Prepared medicine to use 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals. The duration of such treatment should be 2 months. After that, you need to pause for 1 month. Then you can start taking the infusion again.
Important! The main thing is not to forget that in itself such an infusion will not save a person from cancer. But it can contribute to positive dynamics along with other procedures of traditional medicine.
Psoriasis and other skin diseases
Place 5 tbsp in the pan. l finely chopped red elderberry roots and pour 1 liter of water. Put to boil, bring to a boil and simmer on low heat for 20 minutes. Then cool. This decoction is used for treating the affected skin with a cotton swab or a piece of bandage. The procedure is required to carry out 2 times a day. After treatment, the skin does not wash off. For greater effect should be taken broth elder inside. This will require 1 tsp. branches of plants that need to pour 1 cup of boiling water. Insist 15 minutes, take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day.
Using these recipes, a person quickly begins to feel better.
Important to remember! Preparation and preparation of drugs from red elderberry is quite a difficult process! It is required to follow all the rules of preparation, because an incorrect process of drying this plant can turn it not into a medicine, but into a toxic substance.
For medical purposes, used leaves, flowers, roots, young shoots and red elderberry bark. Flowers and leaves are subject to drying, spreading an even layer on a dry surface under a canopy. When the plant is completely withered, it is carefully crushed. As for the bark, it is collected from the branches of young trees. You should try to remove the bark with a whole tube, which is subsequently also dried and crushed.
The use of elderberry for non-medical purposes
This plant has not only medicinal properties, but also is used in other areas of life:
- Red elderberry is a very beautiful plant from an aesthetic point of view. Therefore, it is used to decorate gardens, parks, land,
- Fresh berries can be used to cleanse plaque of copper and enamelware. They contain an acid that helps dissolve plaque.
- Used instead of soap. Although she does not have the ability to foam, but cleans hands of strong pollution very well.
- Fresh branches scare away pests and rodents. By spreading them around the house, you can protect yourself from their appearance.
The wood of the plant has a light pleasant aroma and can be used to make decorative items.
Medicinal properties of red elderberry
For the first time, the mention of the healing properties of red elderberry is found in the first Medieval reference book of medicinal plants of one thousand five hundred and forty sixth year. Traditional healers use flowers, roots and berries of the plant. Alternative medicine recommends the use of elderberry in: anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antipyretic, analgesic, emetic, laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic, sugar reducing, healing, decongestant and metabolism-normalizing agent.
The ability of the red elder to reduce the temperature has long made it an excellent means to improve the condition of patients with influenza and the common cold. Due to its diaphoretic action, it not only relieves fever, but also helps cleanse the body of harmful products of the vital activity of viruses, which cause intoxication during illness.
Inflammatory processes in the oral cavity, as well as angina, are also cured by preparations made from elderberry. Providing a local anesthetic effect, as well as relieving inflammation and destroying pathogenic bacteria, they are able to improve the condition of the patient as soon as possible.
In case of poisoning, when it is necessary to clean the body of a harmful substance as quickly as possible, it is necessary to apply elderberry as a laxative and emetic. Irritating to the walls of the stomach and stimulating intestinal motility, the plant promotes the speedy cleansing of the body.
When applied externally, elderberry helps in the treatment of arthritis and arthrosis of the joints, as well as in heel spurs. Removing pain and inflammation, it stops the pathological process in the joint and activates its self-healing.
Some healers consider red elderberry a good remedy for benign and malignant tumors. There is no exact confirmation of this property of the plant, but most likely it is worth using elderberry in the treatment as an element of complex therapy.
Swelling of various origins can be easily removed using elderberry preparations. She, possessing a pronounced diuretic effect, promotes the removal of excess fluid from the body and quickly solves the problem.
Use elderberry red and bronchial asthma. A beneficial effect on the work of the bronchi and lungs, the plant helps to prevent the development of attacks. In the presence of sputum, elder stimulates its rapid elimination.
When menopause, drugs from elderberry help prevent hormonal disorders and nervous breakdowns.
Remedy for spurs, osteochondrosis, sciatica and joint diseases
To make this preparation, it is necessary to fill a three-quarter liter jar with ripe, freshly picked elderberry berries and add the remaining volume with alcohol. After this, the dishes are closed with a tight lid and placed in a dark and warm place. Infusion should stand for a month. During this period, the jar should sometimes be shaken. After thirty days the drug is filtered. Used infusion externally in the form of rubbing and compresses. The procedure is repeated up to four times a day. The duration of treatment is determined by the rate of recovery.
This medicine requires two teaspoons of dried flowers of red elderberry, which must be poured with a glass of boiling water. After that, the drug insist ten minutes and drain. Apply infusion slightly warmed to one hundred milliliters twice a day. It is necessary to drink medicine slowly and in small sips. Treatment of this infusion continues until the complete disappearance of the disease.
One part of the flowers of elder should be poured with five parts of high-quality vodka or twice divorced water with medical alcohol. After this, the medicine dish is placed in a dark and cool place for fourteen days. After this period, the medicine is drained through gauze. Use the infusion of thirty drops three times a day without reference to the meal time. After the first three days of treatment, a significant improvement is noted. Course duration is at least one month.
One tablespoon of dried elderberry berries is poured with a glass of boiling water and cooked on low heat for about five minutes. Then the medicine is removed from the heat and allowed to cool. Cold drug filter. Rinse is carried out twice a day, using half a glass of broth for one procedure. Treatment continues until complete healing.
Elderberry leaves and flowers are harvested from May to mid-June. Harvesting flowers held at the time of their full disclosure. The berries are harvested after ripening in late August. Harvested raw materials are sorted, washed and dried with a paper towel. After that, the collected material is placed on drying. To do this, it is laid out in a thin layer in a dark ventilated room.
Store the finished raw materials in linen bags, placed in a cool and dark place. Elderberry does not lose its medicinal properties for twenty-four months.
Elderberry red medicinal properties and contraindications
The healing properties of elderberry, renowned for a long time, are widespread in medicinal recipes of traditional medicine. The product has a wide range of active ingredients. Vitamins, resins, tannins, essential oils and organic salts are found in berries, bark, flowers and leaves of the culture. For the correct use of a medicinal plant, it is important to thoroughly study information on the topic: elderberry, medicinal properties and contraindications. Then from the wonderful plant it will be possible to extract the maxims of utility and avoid negative consequences.
Elderberry red description
Elderberry is a perennial culture, belongs to the honeysuckle family. In appearance it resembles a miniature tree or a small shrub. It is considered to be a poisonous plant. Due to this property, it is often used during pest control in gardens. However, the use of berries in traditional medicine is quite common. In traditional medicine, culture has remained unrecognized, since the properties and effects on the body have not been fully studied, have not received official confirmation.
The height of the shrub can reach 5 m. The bark has a gray color, shallow vertical grooves. The foliage is a rich green shade of complex shape with sharp tips. Flowers are collected in brushes of white or yellowish shade. После цветения куст формирует плоды – мясистые ягодки насыщенно красного тона с мелкими косточками внутри. Ягодки собираются в объемные, аппетитные по виду кисти.
Знайте! Неспелые плоды могут принести вред организму. Обладая высокой концентрацией ядовитых компонентов, после употребления они могут спровоцировать тошноту и рвоту.
Calories of elderberry - 73 Kcal. The product is rich in minerals such as copper, iron, potassium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, phosphorus, sodium, calcium. The vitamin composition is supplemented with niacin (vitamin PP), folic acid (vitamin B9), thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6). Berry has in its composition saturated fatty acids, dietary fiber, water.
Informative! Dried berries retain all the available vitamins and minerals.
Useful and healing properties of red elderberry
The traditional field of medicine does not recognize the curative culture, respectively, does not apply its features in the treatment and prevention of symptoms and diseases. But in folk medicine, elderberry is widespread. Apply fruits, foliage, inflorescences, roots of a bush to preparation of medical drugs.
Proponents of unconventional healings are confident that the variety provides the following benefits:
- expectorant (phlegm),
- pain killer
To prevent poisoning with hydrocyanic acid it is strictly forbidden to use green leaves, stems and unripe fruits for healing. If you know how to properly use the available properties of the plant, you can effectively cure most diseases.
To achieve a diuretic and antipyretic effect, the juice of ripe fruit and tea from inflorescences are used. For laxative and gagging apply berries and bark of a bush. Decoction of inflorescences has anti-inflammatory and expectorant action.
Interesting! The first mention of the medicinal features of the elder was recorded in 1546. German botanist and physician Jerome Bock described in detail the culture in the botanical edition.
The use of elderberry in various diseases
Due to the wide spectrum of action, the plant is used to treat and prevent such diseases as regular headaches (migraines), a tendency to allergic reactions, liver and kidney diseases, a cold infection, bronchitis, diseases of the cardiovascular system, various manifestations of arthritis, hormonal disorders, diseases of the skin. Some even try to cure cancer by applying tincture of scarlet fruit.
Laxative and diuretic action of the product is effectively used in the treatment of the digestive system, in diseases of the kidneys and liver. In the presence of angina, inflammation of the lungs and respiratory tract, decoctions and infusions of the plant are used. When angina treatment is carried out by gargling, thereby eliminating infection and relieving perspiration. In inflammatory processes in the dental area also a good effect was shown by rinsing decoction.
For the treatment of arthritis, rheumatism, sciatica, painful sensations in the joints and the spine are well helped by grinding, compresses and ointments made on the basis of culture. To eliminate psoriasis and eczema, a long-acting compress is applied under the dressing.
Remember! Despite the fact that treatment with elderberry is not approved by modern medicine, it is important to consult with your doctor before using or using any medicine.
How to apply
For medicinal purposes, decoctions, tinctures, ointments and tinctures of red elderberry are used. For proper and safe use it is necessary to remember some rules for the use of tools:
- Fresh foliage and unripe fruits cannot be used for preparation of the means applied inside.
- In the presence of violations in the gastrointestinal tract, the product is applied with caution.
- Dried leaves and berries do not contain toxic substances.
- Even in the absence of contraindications to the use, it is necessary to carefully apply healing agents and monitor the reaction of the body.
- When preparing potions, one should strictly follow the prescription dosage and preparation technology.
Healing properties for women
For women's health, such a plant as an elderberry is a real find. Culture will help preserve and restore health. Infusion, used for douching, helps to eliminate many gynecological diseases. Berry gruel helps to quickly get rid of acne. Broth inflorescences with regular use perfectly brightens pigment spots.
Alcohol infusion will help reduce symptoms of menopause. Inflorescences are poured with vodka or 40% alcohol, observing a proportion of 1: 5. Insist the remedy 14 days. It is recommended to leave the container with the drug in a cool, dark room. After the time, the infusion is filtered, crushed three times a day, 20-25 drops.
Infusion with peptic ulcer
A tablespoon of dried ripe berries pour 3 liters of hot water. In the presence of gastric ulcer for 30 days three times a day, use the infusion culture (100 ml). It is recommended to take the remedy before meals, followed by sticking 20g of butter. If necessary, repeat the course, having sustained a break of 3 weeks.
Broth inflorescences for the mouth
1 tbsp. l 250 ml of hot water are poured into dry inflorescences, boiled for 5 minutes over low heat. Apply for rinsing the mouth with stomatitis, sore throat, cough.
Important! For the preparation of medicines it is necessary to use only properly prepared raw materials, because a violation of the process of preparation and storage of raw materials can turn a therapeutic drug into a toxic compound.
Tincture: preparation, properties, application
Tincture of bark, inflorescences and fruits of culture is used in the practice of traditional medicine in order to get rid of many diseases, including especially serious ones. To prepare the infusion inflorescence pour alcohol (70%) in a ratio of 1:10. Insist 14 days, filter, apply three times a day, 10-15 drops.
When osteochondrosis, heel spur, arthritis, osteomyelitis make compresses with tincture. The compress is applied to the sore spot twice a day or slightly rubbed into the joint. To enhance the effect, it is recommended to combine with the internal application of decoction of bark and inflorescences.
When dropsy, bark infusion is used on white wine (preferably dry). 200 grams of crushed dry bark pour 1l of wine, leave to infuse for 48 hours. Apply 1 time per day to 100 ml.
In the presence of cancer, tincture of fresh fruits on brandy is used. To prepare the tincture, a three-liter jar is filled to the top with berries, poured with brandy (about 250 ml), left to stand for 10 days in a dark, cool place. Periodically, the fruit in the jar is mixed, you can add 100 ml of birch buds tincture on brandy. The finished product used 1.5-2 months half an hour before meals for 1 tbsp. l three times a day. Then break for 30 days and repeat the course.
Informative! Tincture provokes the formation of red blood cells, so it is used for anemia and other diseases associated with blood cells.
Elderberry red in cosmetology
The healing properties of the variety have been successfully used in cosmetology. According to reviews, after carrying out procedures with the use of the drug marked a striking transformation of the skin. All recipes of medical compositions are elementary and affordable. Apply an infusion to cleanse and eliminate irritation on the face - 6-7 dried inflorescences pour 200 ml of boiling water over them, leave to infuse for 10-15 minutes. The liquid is cooled, filtered. The received means wipe the person twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. The tool is used for 14 days daily, using fresh infusion. This recipe is considered the most suitable for restoring sensitive skin.
The fruits have whitening features. 3 tbsp. l Raw materials pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave to infuse a little. Then bring the infusion to a boil and boil for 5-10 minutes. Strain, use as a tonic to wipe the skin. Stored infusion in the refrigerator.
To give a face freshness, an elderberry-based mask is used. Dry inflorescences pour boiling water to form a slurry. The mixture in a warm condition is applied to gauze fabric, impose on the face, incubated for 20 minutes. After the time, the face is washed with warm water.
Berries and foliage are used to effectively prevent the process of skin wilting. Raw materials are passed through a meat grinder, mixed with sour cream in a 1: 1 ratio. The mixture is applied to the face, left for 15-20 minutes. After the remains are washed off with cool water, the skin is smeared with a familiar face cream.
Remember! Before using any product, it is necessary to carry out a sensitivity test to prevent the undesirable manifestation of an allergic reaction.
When to collect and how to store
Approximately in April, at the stage of bud swelling, in a two-year bush, branches can be cut to collect bark. It is important to carry out these manipulations with a knife, with a sharp thin blade. The remaining material is used for disinfection of utility rooms. However, it is possible to avoid cutting off the branches — transverse cuts are made on the stems at a distance of 30 cm, and longitudinal cuts are made between them. Thanks to such a technique, the bark is easily removed, and the bush responds painlessly to the procedure.
Dried harvested bark in a dark, dry room, adhering to the basic rules for the preparation of medicinal plants. After full disclosure of the inflorescences, they are cut and dried. After drying, it is recommended to choose all small pedicels from the inflorescences. Dried raw materials must be stored in a paper bag. Under these conditions, the dried material can be stored for two years.
At the end of May, the leaves are collected from the bush. Dried leaves are stored for about a year. Harvesting berries begin no earlier than August, giving the fruit time to fully ripen. They cut off the raw materials in clusters, tie them into small bunches, hang them by sprigs in a well-ventilated place, protected from the sun's rays. This technology is mandatory for proper drying of the harvested raw materials. Dried berries are stored no longer than six months.
Along with the fruits, you can do the harvesting of roots. The roots are dug, dried, then cleaned, washed and ground to a state of flour. Such a blank can be stored and used for 3-4 years.
Harm and contraindications
As with any product, elderberry, besides its positive characteristics, has negative features. Along with the useful components in the product contains amygdalin. This component has the ability to transform into hydrocyanic acid, recognized as a strong toxic substance that causes cellular oxygen starvation, which can trigger cardiac arrest.
The most dangerous and poisonous are the unripe berries. An important contraindication to use is the period of pregnancy and breastfeeding, children's age up to 12 years, individual sensitivity to the contained components.
Important! In order to avoid negative effects of the product on the body, one should strictly follow the dosage and tips for use.
Use of red elderberry in everyday life
The smell emanating from the shrub, effectively deter rodents. For this property, culture has been recognized among beekeepers, who use the scent to scare small rodents (particularly mice) from winter hives. Farmers scatter plant branches around the perimeter of barns and other outbuildings where food is stored.
For the abundance of corrosive acids, the culture is used to clean copper dishes. The juice contained in the stems, eliminates the traces of even old vegetable resins. This property, of course, alarming, urging the inedibility of the plant.
Seeds are raw materials for the production of technical oil, leaves for paint, berries for the alcohol industry. Spongy middle of the barrel has been used in the production of insulating parts for precision instruments.
Landscape designers use the tree as an ornamental crop, planted on the slopes due to the ability of the root system to keep the soil from slipping.
Despite the long-standing fame, elderberry remains poorly studied and unrecognized by traditional medicine plant. In the absence of proper knowledge of the elder red medicinal properties and contraindications, it is better not to risk your health and not to self-medicate. Only consultation of a specialist in the field of traditional medicine can ensure the safety of the means used.
Elderberry red - undersized perennial shrub or tree. Its height usually does not exceed 4 m. The plant is rather sprawling. Elderberry was brought to Russia from Western Europe.
A distinctive feature of the culture is its unpretentiousness: it takes out any soil, a cool climate, does not suffer from smoke and exhaust gases. Elderberry perfectly survives on solid rocky areas, in steppes or in deep forests.
Shrub grows quickly. Elderberry blossoms in June, and shiny red berries ripen by September. At this time, the elderberry looks very attractive, so the plant is often used in urban and garden landscapes for decorative purposes. For example, as a hedge or to strengthen sloping areas: embankments or hillsides.
Attention! Berries in diameter reach 5 mm. Inside there is a bone. Therefore, the fruits are very fond of birds. However, it’s impossible to eat them in raw form.
What is useful
Red elderberry has both beneficial properties and contraindications. It is used in folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of the following diseases:
- Plant components have a diaphoretic effect, so it is used to alleviate the symptoms of cold and flu. Helps to bring down the temperature and removes pathogens along with sweat.
- Helps to eliminate puffiness due to diuretic effect.
- Antibacterial properties are used in the treatment of skin diseases - psoriasis and eczema.
- From the flowers of the plant they prepare a healing broth that relieves sore throat and eliminates the inflammation of the oral cavity. With bronchitis apply treatment with elder bark.
- The use of elderberry in various diseases of the joints helps to quickly reduce inflammation and restore their mobility. Compresses of the berries help with arthritis, arthrosis and osteochondrosis.
With proper use of decoctions and infusions can significantly ease the course of many diseases.
Not only healers and herbalists know the usefulness of red elderberry. It is often used for non-therapeutic purposes:
- the smell of the plant deters rats and mice. This property is actively used by beekeepers, scaring rodents from omshanikov. Farmers with their help protect barns,
- berries help to quickly clean copper and enamelware. The acids contained in their composition, remove even the resin.
- hands can be washed with them. Of course, they do not foam like ordinary soap, but perfectly disinfect and remove pollution,
- Various parts of the plant are used to make technical fluids. Seeds for oil, leaves for paint, and berries for alcohol.
Elderberry bushes are used to decorate personal plots and strengthen the slopes.
In folk medicine, there are a huge number of recipes that use the healing properties of red elderberry. A set of valuable components gives it antimicrobial, antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
For the preparation of decoctions and infusions, not only elder fruits are used, but also flowers, leaves, and bark. They are dried, laid out in an open area or in a well-ventilated area. Avoid direct sunlight.
Recipes for the treatment of respiratory organs:
- with a cold, 2 tsp of inflorescence is poured over with 1 cup of boiling water and left for 15 minutes. 125 ml of filtered decoction should be taken 2 times a day,
- when pain in the throat is taken 1 tbsp. a spoonful of dried flowers and 250 ml of water is added. The mixture is set on fire and boiled for 5 minutes. Rinses need to be done 3-4 times a day,
- with bronchitis helps tincture of the cortex. 1 tbsp. a spoonful of raw materials is brewed with 250-300 ml of boiling water and left for 2 hours. It needs to be drunk 3 times a day in 100 ml.
If there are problems with the musculoskeletal system:
- with osteochondrosis, an infusion of berries is prepared, from which compresses are then made. To do this, take a glass jar, fall asleep ¾ elder fruits and pour alcohol. Then insist in a dark place for 30 days. Compresses do 1-2 times a day,
- with rheumatism, two times a day they drink half a glass of infusion prepared from 2 teaspoons of dried inflorescences. They poured a glass of boiling water and insist 15 minutes.
If there are diseases of the digestive tract, decoctions and tinctures are used as an internal remedy:
- from the colic helps the following decoction - 1 tbsp. spoon foliage pour a glass of water, bring to a boil and cool. You can take with a small amount of honey 1 tbsp. spoon up to 3 times a day
- for ulcers, an infusion of ripe fruit is used in conjunction with medical treatment. 1 tbsp. a spoonful of berries brewed with three liters of boiling water. Take three times a day before meals, then eat 25 g of butter,
- To obtain a laxative effect, half a teaspoon of berries is poured with 150 ml of water and infused for 12 hours. Infusion is necessary to drink 1 time per day.
Berries contribute to proper blood formation and stimulate the production of red blood cells. Their infusion is used as an adjunct in the treatment of cancer.
To prepare the tincture you need:
- Взять 3-х литровую банку ягод и налить в нее 250 мл коньяка.
- Настаивать в прохладном месте в течение 10 дней.
- По прошествии этого срока достать ягоды и растереть их в пюре.
- Again, place it in a jar and pour 100 ml of birch buds tincture.
- Let it brew for another 10 days.
Tincture is necessary to drink 1 tbsp. spoon before meals 3 times a day. Treatment takes courses - 2 months, then a break of 1 month. After that reception can be continued.
Red elderberry is a rather controversial plant. Undoubtedly, it has positive qualities. But its composition is not fully understood, as well as the possible harm and contraindications.
Medical recipes should be used with extreme caution, because if they are not properly dosage, they can have a negative effect on the body. Methods of cooking decoctions and infusions should be taken only from trusted sources. But the preliminary consultation of the specialist will only benefit.
Elderberry red: botanical description and distribution
Elderberry (Sambucus racemosa) is popularly known as elderberry or bushy. A small deciduous tree is known for scarlet fruits and not very pleasant smell of foliage.
Unlike the black elderberry, which you can read about here, all the flowers of Sambucus racemosa are sitting on high pedicels. Berries ripening in June-July, have a bitter taste and are readily eaten by birds.
It is interesting. In early spring, leaves can be burgundy or purple hue - this is due to the high level of anthocyanin, which is able to convert light energy into heat.
The shrub grows well in a temperate climate, it is highly decorative and unpretentious. If you want to plant a tree in your plot, the question often arises - is it poisonous or not a red elderberry? Yes, the plant is considered toxic due to the presence of cyanide. Herbalists use it with caution and only with some experience in the preparation of drugs.
Leaves, young shoots and immature fruits are not used for medicinal purposes - it is they that contain the most toxic substances. Ripe berries are less harmful. They can be used in small doses and preferably under the supervision of a physician or phytotherapist.
Edible or not red elderberry? In principle, it is possible to eat the berry, although there are few people who want to try these dangerous and not very tasty fruits. However, some housewives have learned to make delicious jams, jams and marmalade from ripe berries, to prepare flavored liqueur.
Medicinal properties and contraindications of elderberry red
Despite the toxicity of the plant, Sambucus racemosa has long been used in the fight against certain diseases. Herbalists are sure that the plant has the following medicinal properties:
In the treatment of colds, joint pain, asthma and pneumonia, the infusion of flowers is used. They also rinse their throats during sore throat, irrigate the nasal passages during sinus, wash and rinse the body. As a laxative take jelly, made from fresh fruits.
Attention. Some herbalists are advised to use a decoction of the roots of red elderberry in diabetes. The effectiveness of this tool is not confirmed, so the treatment should be careful and carefully monitor all changes in health status.
Analgesic properties used in the treatment of hemorrhoids, antiseptic - to combat purulent wounds, acne, acne, bedsores and diaper rash.
There is evidence that lotion from water infusion of elderberry red is very effective in the treatment of trophic ulcers of the extremities.
In addition to the mass of beneficial properties, Sambucus racemosa has many contraindications. The main ones include the period of pregnancy and childhood up to 12 years, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (enterocolitis, gastric ulcer), serious damage to the liver and kidneys.
In rare cases, there is an increased sensitivity to drugs prepared on the basis of the plant.
From ripe fruits make healthy juice. The drink is considered an excellent preventive and therapeutic agent for colds and viral diseases. It enhances immunity and strengthens the body, therefore, especially recommended for weakened people who have undergone severe illness or surgery.
Attention. Sugar and alcohol added to the berries eliminate the harmful effects of cyanide. In the same way the high temperature.
For making juice, take only ripe berries, scald them with boiling water and squeeze. The resulting liquid is mixed with sugar and heated. Use a healing drink before breakfast, 50 ml per reception.
- Straight, highly branching stems with a rough bark in a white dot,
- leaves with a serrated edge of an oblong shape of a rich dark emerald color, while young leaves can be purple,
- snow-white flowers, collected in large inflorescences, with a specific smell,
- fruits scarlet with an unpleasant taste.
In official medicine, the plant is not used, so there is no serious laboratory testing of its composition.
Red elderberry: edible or not
Red elderberry is not considered highly toxic, so it is even used in cooking.
There are fruits that have not undergone heat treatment, it is strictly prohibited.
You need to know how to properly prepare these berries to avoid digestive disorders and other side effects, and use them only in limited quantities. Overdose of drugs from the elderberry or the use of berries in large quantities can lead to poisoning.
Symptoms of poisoning:
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea with white discharge,
- sore throat and hacking cough,
- stomach ache,
- increased heart rate
- white spots on the hands and face.
In severe cases, even seizures may occur. If the patient is not treated in a timely manner, death may occur due to acute pulmonary and heart failure. It is necessary to immediately call an ambulance, and in anticipation of her arrival, give the victim activated carbon or Enterosgel.
Useful and healing properties of red elderberry in medicine
On the healing properties and contraindications of this plant for the first time started talking in the Middle Ages. Since then, healers of alternative medicine have widely used its inflorescences, fruits and roots for the treatment of various diseases.
The proper use of traditional medicines based on elderberry helps:
- remove fever and fever
- lower blood sugar levels
- normalize metabolism
- remove puffiness
- cope with inflammation
- heal wounds.
Medicinal raw materials can be prepared independently. The last weeks of spring and the first 2 weeks of June are the best time to collect and harvest leaves and flowers. Fruits need to be collected after their full ripening at the end of summer. Raw materials are carefully picked and placed to dry in a dark and well-ventilated area. Best of all, the finished product is stored in fabric bags.
In the treatment of any diseases helps the plant
The ability of the plant to lower the temperature of the people know for a long time. Thanks to its diaphoretic action, it quickly relieves fever and helps the body to clear itself of the harmful waste of viruses.
Also, the plant quickly treats inflammation in the throat and mouth. Rinsing with infusions and decoctions helps to quickly relieve inflammation, stop pain and destroy pathogens.
Elderberry has a strong vomiting and laxative effect, so it is often used to quickly cleanse the intestines from toxic substances. It stimulates intestinal peristalsis and irritates the walls of the stomach, promoting effective cleansing.
Also, broths and elderberry infusions are often used externally for the treatment of heel spurs, arthritis and arthrosis. Such compresses relieve pain, remove the inflammatory process, slow the progression of the disease and help the joints recover faster.
In addition, plant-based preparations help:
- remove swelling due to a pronounced diuretic action,
- bring out phlegm with asthma,
- prevent the development of hormonal disorders during menopause,
- to deal with various evil and benign formations.
There is no official confirmation of the last point, but traditional healers often use elder in the complex treatment of such cases.
From the recipes of traditional medicine, the following should be mentioned:
- From diseases of the joints. Collect ripe berries and fill them with a glass jar (with a capacity of 1 l) for about ¾ of its volume. Then top up the contents of the container with alcohol, cover with a lid and put in a dark but warm place for 30 days. From time to time the container needs to be shaken vigorously. Strain the finished medicine and apply for compresses and rubbing 3 - 4 times a day.
- With angina and stomatitis. 1 tbsp. l dried fruits pour 200 ml of boiling water and cook at minimum heat for 6 minutes. Cool, strain and use to rinse.
- With a cold and cough. 2 tsp. dried inflorescences pour 200 ml boiling water, infuse for 12 minutes and strain. Drink during the day, dividing this amount into 2 doses of 100 ml. You need to drink in small sips, without haste.
- Menopause. Pour the flowers with vodka in the ratio of 1 to 5. Infuse for 2 weeks, strain and take 90 drops per day, dividing them into 3 doses. Improvement in the general condition is noted after the first days of administration
How to use red elderberry
From the ripe fruits of this shrub can boil kissel, which is then used as a laxative. Freshly squeezed juice and boiled with sugar is used to prevent various diseases. From the berries you can make healthy preparations for the winter - jams, mashed potatoes or jams, using them later as medicines.
However, it is still officially the elderberry berries are considered inedible and even slightly toxic, so they should be used very carefully in cooking.
The list is very short and includes only three points:
- age up to 14 years
- the period of gestation and lactation,
For all other categories of people, the use of elderberry for medicinal purposes and in strictly limited doses does not bear any harm.
It is better to use elderberry for treatment under the control of a phytotherapist who will help determine the required dosage and will give advice on taking this natural medicine.