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Incubators for quail: a review of the species and homemade options

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Man has long known the wonderful taste and healing properties of quail eggs. In their dietary characteristics, they are superior to chicken, second to the latter only in size and weight. Therefore, breeders are increasingly thinking about breeding quail. And the first step to success is the breeding of full-fledged chickens in home incubators. The quail incubator can be bought or made by yourself. We will tell about it in this article.

Quail Incubator

Basic requirements for quail incubation at home

In breeding quail has its own nuances. The main thing is that in the process of their domestication the females almost completely lost the “maternal” instinct - the instinct of hatching their eggs. Thus, almost the only real way of breeding chicks in the poultry farms was an incubator.

Females almost lost their "maternal" instinct

And this means that the incubation device should completely replace the hen female, creating all the necessary conditions for the egg to develop the embryo and the timely release of the chick.

It should be noted that the homemade quail incubator is fundamentally not much different from similar products for chicken eggs. This applies, inter alia, to the materials from which such a device is made.

In particular, for this purpose, you can safely use the case of an old, old-fashioned refrigerator, an ordinary cardboard box or an unnecessary plywood box in the household. But in all cases, the product must be reliably insulated. This can be achieved not only by finishing the interior with standard heat-insulating materials, but also by equipping the incubator with a system of electric incandescent lamps.

Incubator from the old refrigerator

It is not recommended after the end of the self-assembly immediately put the device into operation, laying eggs in trays. It is better for some time (for example, 3-4 days) to allow the device to work “idle”, without eggs. During this time, you can monitor its condition and check whether the temperature is fully maintained, whether the sensors work normally, etc.

Simultaneously with the insulation, the interior space in which the brickwork is kept must be aired regularly and with high quality. This problem is solved by the presence of ventilation holes - inlet and outlet, drilled in the housing of the incubator. Their number, as a rule, depends on the volume of the chamber.

As a result, the design, materials and all equipment of the formed device must fully comply with the strict requirements imposed on the microclimate of the room in which the incubation process is carried out. As a result, the following basic parameters should be provided:

  • air temperature - at least 20 ° C,
  • temperature inside the incubation chamber - 37-38 ° C,
  • optimal humidity - 60-70% (at some points it increases up to 90% for a short time).

The full period of hatching from the laying of eggs to the moment of spitting is 17 knocks.

Quail Egg Incubation Modes

Hatching Eggs Storage

The eggs are laid on a tray and placed in an incubator, leaving intact for the first two days. But from 3 to 15 days they are regularly turned over, doing this every two hours (in this case, the developing embryo will not stick to the shell).

Carefully choose your incubation material.

At the final stage (2 days before the expected pecking), the temperature inside the chamber is adjusted to 37.5-38 ° C, and the humidity is up to 90%. In this case, the eggs themselves are recommended to periodically sprinkle with water (for example, from a spray bottle). After the chicks are completely out of the shell, they are kept in the incubator for another day, thus giving them the opportunity to dry out and adapt to the environment.

Whole (not cracked), medium sized eggs are suitable for normal incubation. Before laying it is obligatory to check the eggs on the ovoscope for the presence of embryos in them.

Check on the Otoscope

When planning to breed quails, the farmer should be familiar with how to choose, store, incubate eggs, because incubation of quail eggs is the most important process when breeding quails.

Quail Incubator Types

Before embarking on the manufacture of an incubator with one's own hands or choosing equipment manufactured industrially, it is necessary to understand for yourself what the circuit diagram of any such device is. But it doesn’t differ in any particular complexity, and any poultry breeder, in principle, is capable of making a completely productive construction with his own hands.

In fact, the designs of all known incubators are reduced to the presence of hermetically made boxes (in which trays with a bookmark are located) lined with insulating materials from the inside, equipped with simple heating and ventilation systems (possibly compulsory).

For independent production, a variety of materials and accessories are used, as well as old, unnecessary in the household and therefore, quite affordable designs.

The most economical, in the opinion of many private entrepreneurs, is a product from expanded polystyrene (foam). In any case, foam constructions will not need to be further warmed, as is the case with the other "budget" option from a cardboard box or plywood box.

To date, domestic and foreign industry produces a huge number of names of various types. Such devices can be simpler - with manual turning of eggs, or they can be more complex - full-fledged machines with remote control / control of temperature and humidity levels inside the incubation chamber.

When choosing industrially manufactured equipment, you should not start with a complex and expensive model. Experts advise to start to get a simpler and cheaper version, with which you can accumulate the necessary experience for further work with more "advanced" versions.

In order for self-made devices to have significant competitive advantages over factory-made counterparts, the poultry farmer will have to think about equipping his device with additional options such as a forced ventilation system or water heating in a special container to maintain the required level of humidity in cases of emergency outage.

Conventional thermometer in a homemade incubator

But for those who chose a less troublesome, but more expensive way of acquiring an industrial design, it is recommended to pay attention to some significant points that may affect the final result.

The presence of brooder allows you to greatly simplify the care of chicks, increase productivity in the flock, which is important for each poultry farmer. How to make a brooder with your own hands, learn from this article.

How to choose the right incubator?

Before you go to a specialty store, you should arm yourself with the knowledge of several simple rules for choosing the optimal model.

First of all, it is necessary to understand that the device designed for larger birds is quite suitable for breeding quails. Practically the only fundamental difference between them lies in the form of a lattice, which for quail eggs must have a small mesh.

Quail egg grid

Quail egg on average less than chicken about three times. Therefore, if an incubator holds, for example, 36 chicken eggs, then quail eggs in it can accommodate up to 84 pieces in one tab.

Pay attention to whether there is a corresponding tray in the complete set of a branded product. If such a suitable device configuration is not available, you should not be very upset - you can always buy it additionally.

Currently, three types of incubators are being produced - with manual, mechanical and automatic turning of eggs. The first option is the cheapest, but also the most troublesome - you have to regularly change the position of each testicle. The second case is more convenient, since the turning here is performed by one movement of the mechanical handle. The automatic version will completely free the poultry farmer from such anxieties, and the person will only have to program the device for a certain time of the coup.

Shops offer a wide selection of factory incubators

As practice shows, the difference in the cost of these types of incubators is not critical. At the same time, having paid a little for the “automaton”, you are freed from the exhausting need to regularly perform the simplest mechanical action.

Egg turning system

Automatic devices have their own "disadvantages", which can affect the final choice. In particular, they are less delicate than with manual turning over, they “process” the bookmark. In addition, according to statistics, most often those devices that are equipped with complex systems of automatic coup fail.

Homemade Incubator: advantages

Now it is the turn to find out what the constructive and functional advantages of incubators made with their own hands at home are. These advantages boil down to the following few, but principled and undeniable positions:

  1. The simplicity and speed of the project.
  2. Low financial costs for standard materials and relatively uncomplicated equipment. The drawings of such products, as a rule, are simple, and the most diverse and sometimes quite unexpected objects and designs can be used as an acceptable “building material” - it all depends on the capabilities and ingenuity of the person himself.
  3. The main parameters of the future incubation device can be selected based on individual requests, the actual conditions of breeding chicks and the financial potential of the manufacturer.
  4. The ability to produce a completely non-volatile design, for example, if there is a generator operating on liquid fuel in the farm.

Do-it-yourself incubator has many advantages

Equipment types

Before you grab the job and make a homemade incubator or choose the right model in the store, you need to familiarize yourself with what these machines are. There is nothing difficult in this, and therefore difficulties with the self-assembly of the incubator should not arise from the poultry farmer.

Most of the machines are hermetically made boxes, where trays for laying egg products are installed. The inner lining is made of insulating materials, heating elements and forced-type ventilation systems. To make an incubator with your own hands, you can use various materials, even old and unnecessary ones, to give them a second life.

The most economical option is to use foam. The plus of such a model is the opportunity to do without additional warming. But if you are based on a regular cardboard box or a plywood box without insulation, you will not be able to create a good model.

Today, both domestic and foreign companies are engaged in the production of various designs of incubators. There are simple machines where eggs need to be turned over manually. A more complex design is considered a model equipped with a temperature controller, as well as an indicator of humidity inside the incubator.

To make independently a device that can compete with the factory analog, the farmer will have to think about adding additional options to his car. This could be a forced-type ventilation system, heating the fluid (to keep the humidity at the right level if electricity is cut off), and an automatic thermostat. All of these functions will greatly facilitate the maintenance of the incubator when breeding young.

Model selection

Before you make a purchase, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with simple rules that will allow you to choose the most optimal model. It is useful to know that incubators designed for large poultry can be used for breeding young stock quails. The only difference here is the form - the lattice, which for quail eggs should be with a small cell.

Some incubators additionally complete with special trays for medium-sized egg products. If the model is suitable in all respects, but there are no trays, then you should not refuse to purchase: additional parts can be purchased separately.

To date, incubators can be divided into three types through the implementation of a coup egg products:

The first option includes the cheapest, but also more troublesome to maintain model. Here the owner will be engaged in the revolution of eggs independently.

The second designs are more convenient, since equipped with a mechanical handle.

The latest models release a person from such monotonous work. All you need to do is install a program with a roll of eggs after a certain time.

If we consider these models from the financial issue, the difference between the types is not very large. But the surcharge for automation is definitely worth it: you do not have to keep track of the time and carry out a coup yourself.

Independent production

For the manufacture of an incubator with their own hands fit a regular box or a broken refrigerator.

Both of these options should be equipped with high-quality insulating materials. There are some more important parameters that apply to the room where the incubator will be installed. The temperature standard should be at least +23 degrees, and directly in the car, this figure rises to +40.

Through holes are made in the lid of the incubator to provide fresh air to the structure. If necessary, they close or open, and thus the humidity level and temperature index are adjusted so that both of these parameters are optimal. By the way, in the design of the drawer lid can be placed on top.

Before you assemble the frame, you must acquire the following materials:

  • sheet plywood,
  • chipboard sheets,
  • sheet piling.

For insulation used rolled insulation or foam.

Step by step execution of work

To give the old refrigerator a new life, it is necessary to remove shelves from it and install egg trays. They are made on the basis of the size of the refrigerating chamber when taking into account the size of quail eggs.

To insulate the walls you need to take foam plates. You also need to remember to equip the incubator with several ventilation holes (their diameter should not exceed 1.5 cm).

On the ceiling of the fix several bullets for incandescent bulbs, they are supplied with electrical wiring.

To make it easy to turn the egg products, you can equip the structure with a metal lever.

Foam type incubator

To manufacture this model, you need to acquire the following materials:

  • any box
  • incandescent lamp
  • foam plastic
  • plywood sheets,
  • metal construction mesh.

Initially, plywood is used for the casing of the box. Also, as in the previous case, insulating materials will be needed (this is exactly what foam is used for).

Holes with a diameter of at least 1 cm are drilled at the bottom for ventilation. In order to control the process of incubation, a glass window is made in the lid for observation.

Directly under the cover install electrical wiring, going to the cartridges located at the corners of the machine. The tray for egg products is fixed at a height of at least 10 cm, you can use a foam support. Over the trays stretched metal mesh. Thus, it turns out a box of foam, where you can take chicks.

How to use a simple bucket under the incubator

Such models are used if you want to bring a small amount of quail. The main requirement for a bucket is a lid.

Work is performed in the following sequence:

  1. In the lid make a slot that acts as a viewing window.
  2. Attach a heat source in the form of a 40-watt incandescent lamp to the interior.
  3. Place the tray under the egg products.
  4. On the side wall, a little before reaching the bottom, drill holes for ventilation.
  5. Humidity is maintained due to the small amount of water poured to the bottom of the bucket.
  6. You can turn the incubation material by tilting the bucket, not exceeding 45 degrees.

The following aspects are recommended to consider when making an incubator for quails with your own hands:

  • In order to control the temperature inside the incubator, it is better to use a medical thermometer - street models have a high error,
  • thermometers are placed next to egg products, but so that they do not come in contact with the shell,
  • if the incubator is large, then you can use a fan to maintain the desired microclimate,
  • to obtain accurate temperature readings, it is recommended to take measurements at regular time intervals.

The advantages of homemade incubators

Можно, конечно, это приспособление купить. Тогда инкубатор будет оборудован всеми необходимыми для выведения птенцов приспособлениями. Например, с автоматическим переворотом яиц, регулятором температуры и влажности. The only thing that pushes away from the acquisition of this device is the price and limited space for laying eggs. In the purchased incubator, you can put from 100 to 300 eggs.

And what about those breeders who have a quail population of over 1000? That's right, to acquire several incubators, respectively, incur additional costs. In addition, many typical models are not equipped with an independent power source. Therefore, if an accident occurs on the power line, a third of the planned number of chicks will hatch at best.

Let's see what an incubator is. This is a sealed box made of insulating material, equipped with a heating system and trays for storing eggs. By and large, you can make such a design yourself. And that is typical it will cost much cheaper than the acquisition of the simplest model.

Of the advantages of making an incubator with your own hands, I want to highlight the simplicity of the design and the low cost of materials. In addition, the size of such a product will depend on your individual requests.

If you apply due wit, You can install an additional power source, for example, a gas generator.

Options for self-made incubators

Our country has always been famous for its talents and craftsmen. Therefore, there are several options for making your own incubators. You yourself can choose the design that is most suitable for breeding chicks at home.

It is necessary to make a frame of wooden bars, which are then sheathed with sheets of plywood. As a heater, you can use ordinary foam. The lid can be placed on top or side. Depending on how you prefer to lay eggs.

If the cover is made of the same material as the walls, it is necessary to equip a small glass window on it. This is necessary for visual monitoring of the incubation process.

As the heating elements are usually used electric lamps with a capacity of 40 watts. The number of light bulbs is determined by the size of the structure. The optimum temperature for breeding quail eggs is about 22 degrees, with air humidity of 50%. If the cover is located in the upper part, the lamps are installed just below its level.

At the bottom of the incubator, it is necessary to drill several air vents. The tray with eggs should be placed at a height of 10 centimeters from the floor. It can be installed on the remaining foam after wall insulation. The tray is made in the form of a wooden frame, with a fine-meshed mesh stretched between the walls.

The principle of manufacture of the incubator is almost the same as above. The only difference is that the sheets of plywood are filled on both sides of the frame, thereby forming a double wall.

Air vents are drilled in the cover and in the floor. The space between the walls can be filled with foam, sawdust or tow. It is recommended to provide plates for closing the ventilation. This will allow better control of the humidity inside the incubator.

For these purposes, you can adjust the unnecessary curbstone of chipboard or thick plywood. Perfectly fit old cabinets from under the TV. They are equipped with glass doors, which will allow to observe the process of incubation without any problems.

In the top cover of a tuba holes for ventilation are drilled. As a heating element, you can use a domestic fan heater.

The floor is made of metal mesh. At an equal distance from each other, three trays are set for laying eggs. For their fastening it is recommended to use a steel plate with drilled holes for fastening.

The plate itself is recommended to be fixed to the walls with the help of mobile fasteners. In one of the walls, you can drill a hole and adjust the handle to turn the trays. Thus, without any problems, you can change the position of the incubated eggs every two hours..

This method is effective if the incubation process does not have an industrial scale and the number of eggs is small. At home, you can adjust under the incubator ordinary plastic bucket with a lid. A window cuts through the lid.

Heating elements (for this size one bulb is enough) are installed in the upper part of the bucket. In the middle is attached to the grid for placing eggs.
Holes for ventilation are made at a height of about 7-8 centimeters from the bottom of the bucket.

A small amount of water is poured to maintain the required level of humidity. The position of the eggs changes by the slope of the bucket itself. To do this, under the bottom you can put a plate or a bar. The recommended angle of inclination should not exceed 45 degrees.

Can be used as an incubator old refrigerator. It already has the necessary tightness and is quite large in size. Product shelves are replaced with egg trays. The walls, if necessary, are insulated with foam, air vents are drilled into them and incandescent lamps are installed.

For turning trays, you can use a metal plate on a movable mount. This option has already been cited above, so it makes no sense to repeat it.

Useful tips

There are some points to consider if you are going to build an incubator yourself:

  1. To control the temperature, do not use outdoor thermometers. They have a rather high error, it is better to use medical devices.
  2. The thermometer should be located near the eggs, but not touching the shell. Otherwise, his testimony will be inaccurate.
  3. If the incubator is large, the use of an ordinary fan will be justified. The fact is that the temperature of the eggs of the upper and lower chambers may differ significantly. A fan will help restore balance.
  4. For more accurate readings of the thermometer, measurements are taken some time after the incubator is turned on and made at regular intervals.

Making an incubator for quails with your own hands is not a big deal. It is possible that a purchase device with automatic flip trays and built-in sensors that monitor temperature and humidity is more convenient. But homemade incubators are much cheaper and more practical to use.

Requirements for quail incubation at home

Eggs in the incubator lay fresh, laid in a week. To increase the output of chicks, the parent livestock is kept separately. For 30 minutes, females are alternately placed in a cage with 3-4 males for fertilization. This will allow you to get a brood of up to 80% of the tab.

Eggs are medium sized without cracking, with a clean shell. Before laying eggs look at the ovoskop in order to ensure the presence of the embryo. The incubator is installed in a warm dry room.

For the development of embryos need certain conditions:

  1. Two days in the incubator maintain the temperature of 37.7 degrees, humidity 60-70%, the eggs do not turn.
  2. Including the fifteenth day, the eggs are inverted after 2 hours to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell.
  3. Before dabbing eggs for 2 days, the temperature should be reduced to 37.5, the humidity should be maintained at 90%, periodically irrigating the surface of the eggs with a spray.

The development of the chick to proklyov 17 days. Hatching chicks should dry out in the incubator for 24 hours.

The embryo maintains vitality even in the short-term absence of heating. When this eggs are removed from the incubator and cooled to 15-18 degrees. In the future, incubation of quails can be continued, but the period of release of chicks will be shifted.

The humidity in the chamber is maintained by means of installed water blocks and adjustable ventilation ducts. The temperature is set automatically or manually using an accurate thermometer, not room. To turn the eggs without opening the chamber of the incubator for quail, the nets with the eggs are turned left and right by 45 with the help of a lever pulled out. Eggs in the grid are placed vertically, with a blunt end up.

A yield of 75% of the pledged material is considered normal. The remaining eggs may be unfertilized or asleep.

The design of incubators for factory-made quails can have an automated egg flip, precise regulation of modes. But usually these devices are designed for stable power. Backup battery is not provided. Purchased incubators for quails are universal, you can take out chickens and goslings in them, changing the grid and mode of operation. However, the cameras in the devices allow you to lay 100-300 eggs. It is an expensive incubator. Therefore, more often in the rural farmstead you can see in your work an incubator for quails with your own hands.

Principles for the construction of a homemade incubator

A lot of thermostat designs made by skilled craftsmen with drawings and step-by-step instructions can be found in reference books and on websites. Depending on the material at hand, the number of eggs in the tab, the backup power source, it is not difficult to choose a suitable design.

A wooden box of the right size is selected. In order to maintain a stable temperature and humidity inside, it is necessary to make the insulation of the walls. Outside the wall, you can impose foam polystyrene plates, rolled insulation, upholstered with plywood. Carry out a fine finish on the inner surface so that the cavity can be cleaned and disinfected.

Perfect for making an incubator for quails old refrigerator. A sufficient volume of the camera makes it possible to obtain a durable functional device.

To monitor the state of the eggs from above, set the glass, drill several holes for ventilation of the chamber. To install the nets with eggs perform stops and sealed hatch. To create the desired humidity at the bottom of the chamber to install the evaporator. The nets with eggs must be higher so that the quail will not drown in the bath.

For uniform heating of all eggs, an internal fan is installed on the upper and lower grid, which is turned on periodically. In the chamber there should be an air space sufficient for turning the nets with eggs 45 and for manipulating the eggs. Above the level of the floor, the tray with eggs should not be lower than 10 cm. The distance to the ceiling or top viewing glass is calculated depending on the heating used. If these bulbs are 40 W, then the distance from them to the grid should be at least 10 cm. The grids can be turned over in manual and automatic mode.

Egg trays can be made by pulling kapron fishing line or other material onto a foam frame. The main condition is that the laid eggs do not roll when the tray is turned over; the hatched chicks should not fall into the cages.

Typically, quail incubation at home is carried out using the power supply. For emergency cases, you need to provide a battery connection. To control the temperature in the chamber, it is necessary to buy a mercury thermometer, which is used to monitor the operation of temperature sensors. Room thermometers do not provide the desired accuracy. The thermometer is installed so that it does not touch the shell. Moisture is measured with a psychrometer.

Breeding quail in the incubator at home is easier than other breeds of birds. Chicks hatch more viable, dry in an incubator before excavation within 24-48 hours. It is important during the period of leaving the babies' eggs to create a mist of fine spray in the chamber, so that the shell can be separated more easily when it is destroyed by its beak.

The incubator must be installed on a raised platform. During the withdrawal period there should be no sharp shocks or noise in the room. Surprisingly, embryos can get scared and freeze in development.

The withdrawal of quails in an incubator at home will reduce the cost of buying young stock when feeding livestock for meat. A simple device to reduce costs, will allow to breed your own healthy bird herd.

Industrial Devices

Of course, industrial incubators perform the task well, but the price of such solutions is modestly too high. The main disadvantage is always the price. Incubators, designed for 500 or more eggs, are simply exorbitant cost, which exceeds tens of thousands of rubles. When parsing any such device, you can see that the price does not match, because you can build a system like this for 1,000, or even less, rubles.

Returning to the minuses of the industry in this area, we note the lack of alternative power sources. Of course, you can use different gasoline generators, but, as a rule, they fail at the most inopportune moment.

We hear a lot of stories about the fact that industrial options very often failed in the absence of electricity. We treat consumers of the 3rd class with you, which means that the supply is delayed by the time of the breakdown and its complete repair.

As you know, the delay in feeding the incubator entails negative consequences, and the withdrawal of quails can be significantly reduced. At the same time there is no guarantee that the output, which will hatch, will be healthy. In such cases, it remains only to hope that at least 20-40% of the chicks will remain alive.

The advantages of a homemade incubator

It is known that quails are not good chicks, therefore, in order to bring out as many chickens as possible, it is necessary to resort to the help of an incubator. On sale there are many models that differ in the coup system, functionality, capacity, price. As a rule, high-quality roomy incubators are quite expensive.

Handyman poultry farmers prefer to purchase cheap home appliances, modifying them independently for their goals and preferences. If a person plans to breed a large number of chicks, then it is easier and cheaper for him to make the device with his own hands, using the materials at hand.

So, the main advantages of a homemade incubator model are:

  • ease of manufacture,
  • cheapness.

From wooden box

For the manufacture of an incubator, a regular box made of wood will be suitable, which must be warmed up by covering the walls with plywood, foam plastic or a heat insulator. Inside are installed heating lamps and water tanks that will maintain the required level of humidity.

Necessary materials

You will need:

  • wooden case
  • cap,
  • 3 wooden logs,
  • 2 water tanks,
  • metal grid,
  • slats,
  • 2 resistors heaters (PEV-100, 300 Ohm),
  • light indicator (suitable from electric iron),
  • thermostat,
  • 4 brackets (10 mm, 30 x 30),
  • 4 bolts M4,
  • wire in heat-resistant insulation,
  • 4 screws (5x12).

Instruction

  1. We beat the walls of the box with thick sheets of plywood, foam plastic or heat insulator.
  2. In the lid we make a window to observe the process of incubation. Cover the window with glass.
  3. Also in the lid we drill holes through which ventilation will take place. Equip them with movable slats, which, as necessary, will carry out their closing or opening.
  4. In each corner of the box we install lamps with a power of 40 W with wiring below the cover by 20 cm.
  5. We make a tray for eggs by stretching a grid or grid on a metal frame.
  6. Tray set 10 cm above the floor.
  7. Inside the box install the fan.
  8. You should also install instruments for measuring and regulating temperature and measuring humidity — a thermostat, thermometers.
  9. For a small incubator, you can set the auto-rotate in the form of a movable mesh with a roller. Eggs will gradually move and roll over.

Detailed schemes of the incubator are as follows:

From a broken refrigerator

The case of a failed refrigerator is ideal for the manufacture of an incubator, because it allows you to maintain the desired temperature. Inside it is placed sources of heating and pallets with water to maintain humidity, and also equip it with a thermostat, fan and heat sources.

Features hatching chicks in the incubator

In order to successfully bring out the young quails, one should select a high-quality incubation material by examining the appearance and x-ray of the ovoscope and prepare the incubator.

When ovoskopirovaniya should reject eggs:

  • without airbag,
  • with damages, thickenings, thinning of the shell,
  • with a few yolks,
  • stained
  • with incorrectly placed yolk.

The process of quail incubation lasts 17 days. In the first 12 days, the temperature should be at the level of 37.7 degrees, and the humidity in the region of 50-60%. In the remaining period, the temperature is gradually reduced to 37.2 degrees, humidity - by 5-6%. During the hatching, the temperature indices decrease to 37 degrees, and the humidity ones increase by 13-16%.

The egg is inverted 6 times a day. After the 14th day of incubation, the incubation material is no longer inverted. The incubator is opened 2 times a day for 5 minutes to ventilate and remove carbon dioxide.

Video: Quail Egg Incubation Thus, since quails do not have a well-developed incubation instinct, it is better to hatch their eggs with an incubator.

Его можно приобрести — практически каждая модель рассчитана на выведение и перепелиных яиц в том числе, или изготовить своими руками из подручных средств, например, из вышедшего из строя холодильника, ящика из дерева, пенопласта либо ведра из пластика. Detailed schemes and detailed step-by-step instructions make it possible to make models of incubation machines for people, even those who do not have special skills.

Incubator construction

The first thing you need to think about the system is an additional source of heat that can replace the main one at the time of the interruption of electricity.

For such purposes it is good to use tanks for liquids. For example, you can make an additional compartment on the side of the incubator. Strictly heated liquid will be poured into it.

The main thing for such purposes - it is good to separate the main compartment of the incubator from the additional one. You can use several layers of plywood or chipboard to separate the compartments, not forgetting to make holes for heat supply.

Place the liquid reservoir in the additional compartment. With such a system, in the absence of electricity, water is poured into the additional tank, the lid is tightly closed, all ventilation is closed, and the incubator is isolated from the external environment by covering it with a blanket or something warm.

If you do it right, the heat will last up to 12-14 hours. This design can be modified using the pipe system as an additional source of heat, which will be connected to the house heating system.

Secondly, it should be emphasized that the main differences are the more even distribution of heat. As you know, the heat rises up and gradually cools. Such a problem is struggled by shifting eggs.

In industrial incubators, trays are swapped from top to bottom and vice versa. In domestic incubators shift eggs from the middle to the edges. That is, if you want to distribute heat more evenly, then you can place several heat sources in different places in your incubator during construction.

Summing up

In order to make an incubator for quail do it yourself, you will need:

  1. Plywood or particleboard, fiberboard for hull construction.
  2. Insulation, can be as a roll, so just like regular foam.
  3. Ventilation is done by drilling a certain number of holes that can be closed to conserve heat and open.
  4. It is not bad to use incandescent lamps as heaters; almost any liquid container is suitable for an alternative source of heat.

Knowing and taking into account the basic principles of the incubation period of quail eggs, you will be able to build your incubator and yourself, using the available materials, taking into account the location of the needs of the output.

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The quail incubator is a thermostat box with humidity control. It is important during the period of hatching to ensure the stability of the incubation regime, control of the possibility of the egg turning over with the desired frequency. The incubator can be bought or built by hand.

Eggs in the incubator lay fresh, laid in a week. To increase the output of chicks, the parent livestock is kept separately. For 30 minutes, females are alternately placed in a cage with 3-4 males for fertilization. This will allow you to get a brood of up to 80% of the bookmark.

Eggs are medium sized without cracking, with a clean shell. Before laying eggs look at the ovoskop in order to ensure the presence of the embryo. The incubator is installed in a warm dry room.

For the development of embryos need certain conditions:

  1. Two days in the incubator maintain the temperature of 37.7 degrees, humidity 60-70%, the eggs do not turn.
  2. Including the fifteenth day, the eggs are inverted after 2 hours to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell.
  3. Before dabbing eggs for 2 days, the temperature should be reduced to 37.5, the humidity should be maintained at 90%, periodically irrigating the surface of the eggs with a spray.

The development of the chick to proklyov 17 days. Hatching chicks should dry out in the incubator for 24 hours.

The embryo maintains vitality even in the short-term absence of heating. When this eggs are removed from the incubator and cooled to 15-18 degrees. In the future, incubation of quails can be continued, but the period of release of chicks will be shifted.

The humidity in the chamber is maintained by means of installed water blocks and adjustable ventilation ducts. The temperature is set automatically or manually using an accurate thermometer, not room. To turn the eggs without opening the chamber of the incubator for quail, the nets with the eggs are turned left and right by 45 with the help of a lever pulled out. Eggs in the grid are placed vertically, with a blunt end up.

A yield of 75% of the pledged material is considered normal. The remaining eggs may be unfertilized or asleep.

The design of incubators for factory-made quails can have an automated egg flip, precise regulation of modes. But usually these devices are designed for stable power. Backup battery is not provided. Purchased incubators for quails are universal, you can take out chickens and goslings in them, changing the grid and mode of operation. However, the cameras in the devices allow you to lay 100-300 eggs. It is an expensive incubator. Therefore, more often in the rural farmstead you can see in your work an incubator for quails with your own hands.

A lot of thermostat designs made by skilled craftsmen with drawings and step-by-step instructions can be found in reference books and on websites. Depending on the material at hand, the number of eggs in the tab, the backup power source, it is not difficult to choose a suitable design.

A wooden box of the right size is selected. In order to maintain a stable temperature and humidity inside, it is necessary to make the insulation of the walls. Outside the wall, you can impose foam polystyrene plates, rolled insulation, upholstered with plywood. Carry out a fine finish on the inner surface so that the cavity can be cleaned and disinfected.

Perfect for making an incubator for quails old refrigerator. A sufficient volume of the camera makes it possible to obtain a durable functional device.

To monitor the state of the eggs from above, set the glass, drill several holes for ventilation of the chamber. To install the nets with eggs perform stops and sealed hatch.

How to make an incubator for quail do-it-yourself: 4 best ways

During the forward movement of the rod in one or the other direction, smooth rolling of the eggs by 180˚ will be ensured.

We stretch the frame and fasten the metal grid to GOST 2715-75 of stainless wire, the cell size of which is 2.8 x 2.8 (mm), and the wire diameter - 0.9 (mm). From the top of the short slats of the frame we fix the guides.

Let's make of moisture resistant plywood five millimeters thick. Nether fill with foam. In the bottom we will drill four through holes that will serve as the lower ventilation ducts. Attach the legs from the bottom of the bottom.
At the bottom of the body is installed bath with water and a damp cloth.

Inside the case you need to install:

• thermocouple for thermostat
• thermometer for additional temperature control
• psychrometer to control humidity

FRAME WITH DOUBLE GLAZING

A kind of viewing window through which you can monitor all the processes occurring:

• air temperature
• air humidity
• rolling eggs
• operation of heating devices

For convenience when removing and inserting the frame into the case, it is necessary to attach ordinary furniture handles to it.

Removable. Bottom fasten four electrical cartridge. We drill six through-holes. From above we establish the air gate by which air circulation can be regulated. We fill the voids with foam or foam.

For ease of removal and insertion of the cover into the case, fasten to it the usual furniture handles.

Everything, an incubator for quails, with your own hands - done!

Now briefly take a look at how to breed quail at home.

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