Ljubka bifolia, or night violet, despite the extensive distribution area, like most representatives of orchids (Orchidaceae) of the middle band, is on the verge of extinction and is listed in the Red Book, both in Russia and in Ukraine. The plant rarely forms large clusters, and, as a rule, grows singly (about 5 - 6 copies per 100 sq. Meters). Lyubka, like the orchid (Orchis), is classified as a plant, from which tubers are harvested, salep - a specific mixture of mucus-forming substances with unique healing properties, for this reason the plant was previously subjected to mass extermination. Lyubka two-leaved (Platanthera bifolia) is distinguished by its decorative and refined aroma, so it is often torn down for bouquets, causing irreparable harm to nature. Lubka cultivation is fraught with many problems, although some purposeful growers manage to grow it as an ornamental plant.
The chemical composition of therapeutic raw materials
Salep is the most valuable part of medical raw materials, consists of a mixture of starch, sugar-containing carbohydrates, protein and mucus-forming substances. Traces of alkaloids and coumarin (loroglossin) are found in the aerial part of the plant. Although Lyubka leaves are not important in scientific medicine, traditional healers often use them to compose medicinal fees.
Collection and harvesting of tubers
As already mentioned, the harvesting of double leaves in places of natural distribution is prohibited, therefore, due to the ever-increasing need for medicinal raw materials, some types of sell-containing plants are cultivated in industrial nurseries created on the basis of reserves.
The harvesting of tubers of the night violet is carried out during flowering, or immediately after its completion. For medicinal purposes, only young (daughter) tubers are taken, washed from the ground, lowered into boiling water for several minutes, and then dried in thermal cabinets at a temperature of 50 - 60 ° C. Store the finished raw material in a tightly closed container, in order to avoid moisture, which can lead to mold and damage to the product.
Medicinal properties of Salep
Salep, in medical prescriptions referred to as Tuber Salepi, when swelling in water forms a kisselobraznym mucous mass, which has excellent enveloping and antiseptic properties. Salep mucus (Mucilago Salepi) enhances the therapeutic effect when used in the complex treatment of various diseases accompanied by inflammation and traumatic injuries (ulcerations, or as a result of surgery) of the mucous membrane (gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer, gastritis, colitis, enterocolitis, etc. ).
Salep film protects the mucous membranes from the absorption of toxic substances, so it is often prescribed in case of poisoning with certain types of poisons.
Salep, besides its medicinal properties, has a high energy value: only 40 g of the product is capable of providing a daily supply of energy to an adult's body. According to historians, Salep was included in the list of necessary products, which the Mongol-Tatar warriors took with them on long hikes. Given the high caloric content of the salep, it is indispensable for maintaining the body weakened by long-term illnesses, as well as during the postoperative period, for feeding patients who have undergone surgery in the area of the stomach and intestines.
The use of Salep in traditional medicine
The beginning of the use of salep refers to the times of Theophrastus and Dioscoride, which introduced into practice the use of orchid tuber powder as a means to increase potency. The results of scientific studies do not allow attributing Salep to aphrodisiacs, although mucus does help in some cases of pathology of the sexual sphere, due to its enveloping and antiseptic properties. Increased potency is often due to the high energy value of the salep.
Folk healers successfully use sales in diseases of the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory processes of the urogenital tract and the gastrointestinal tract. Assign mucous broths of salep also in the treatment of degeneration, gynecological and other diseases.
Healing recipes using the double duplex (salep)
- Slimy decoction (Decoctum salepi, synonym - Mucilago salepi). Depending on expediency, mucus is prepared in proportions from 1:20 to 1:60. The technology of mucus preparation is similar to brewing starch paste: the estimated dose of powder is diluted in 10 parts of cold water, thoroughly shaken and 90 parts of boiling water are added, after which a gelatinous transparent mass is formed. This drug is administered orally for poisoning with certain types of poisons (cauterizing mode of action), enterocolitis, etc. Mucus in the form of enemas is prescribed for hemorrhoids, rectal fissures, etc.
- Infusion of salep. Prepare this remedy at the rate of 5 - 10 g of powder per 1 cup of boiling water. The drug is prescribed for problems with digestion and evacuation functions of the intestines (diarrhea, constipation), colon catarrh, inflammatory processes in the bladder (cystitis, etc.). Often, milk or meat broth is used instead of water, for example, when prescribing a drug as a tonic, or when weakening the functions of the sex glands. Take the drug 50 ml up to 4 times a day, adding 1 tablespoon before taking. grape wine.
- Salep mucus. When preparing the preparation, the salep powder (2 g) is thoroughly mixed with 2 ml of 96% alcohol, then pour 20 ml of boiling water and vigorously shake until the lumps completely disappear. The prepared mucus is brought to 200 ml with boiling water. Prepared drug must be consumed within 24 hours.
Description of violet Lyubka biflost
Lyubka two-leaved - a tall herb, whose stem can reach 40-60 cm . in length. The plant is endowed with two undivided root tubers and blunt oblong leaves of light green color 10-19 cm long . The inflorescence is formed in the form of a cylindrical spike, consisting of 10-40 flowers. Flowers have a strong pleasant aroma, which is pronounced at night and in rainy weather.
About the healing properties of the night violet people were known in ancient times. Village healers prepared recipes from her to help cope with various diseases and ailments. With her help they treated diseases of the upper respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract, tuberculosis, acute respiratory infections, boils, cystitis, wounds, anemia, poisoning, toothache and even leukemia. Drugs based on it have anti-inflammatory, enveloping, diuretic, tonic and antiseptic.
Lyubka Dvuhlustnuyu like to add to the dishes of oriental cooking. In the countries of the East, a healthy and tasty drink with the addition of mustard honey is made from night violet tubers. In the Caucasus, jelly was made from tubers, added to soups in lamb broth, used in the preparation of flour for baking traditional cakes.
How to collect and dry the night violet
To benefit from this plant, it is important not only to know the technology of cooking recipes, but also the rules of "harvesting" and drying.
- Harvest tubers It should be at the time of active flowering plants, as long as it has arrows. Tubers are dug, thoroughly washed, peeled, doused with boiling water so as not to sprout.
- Dry out raw materials can be in the oven at a temperature not exceeding 50 degrees. To do this, the tubers are pre-cut into thin ringlets. In hot summer weather, rings can be strung on strings and hang in a dry dark place. In cloudy weather place them in a warm stove.
- Raw material can not be collected along highways and in the city. It can absorb nitrates and toxins harmful to human health.
Relieve toothache with a compress from fresh tubers of night violet. To do this, the upper part is gently kneaded before extracting the juice and applied to the sore spot. This compress will be useful in inflammatory diseases of the mouth, gums (stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontal disease).
For the treatment of enterocolitis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, decoctions from night violet powder are useful. To do this, take two grams of dry raw materials, pour a glass of boiling water, mix and cook over low heat for 10-15 minutes . Ready broth is cooled, filtered and taken orally to eat one spoon three times a day.
In case of diseases of ENT organs (bronchitis, sinusitis, cough)
Restorative, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect has a drink made from one teaspoon of dry raw materials, a tablespoon of red wine and a glass of hot milk (or chicken broth). Drink take 100 ml four times a day. in between meals.
With anemia and exhaustion
Patients with anemia can take an infusion of 2 tablespoons of dry raw materials and 500 ml of boiling milk. It is prepared from the evening in a thermos and insisted throughout the night. In the morning drink the filter and take before meals for 1⁄2 glasses. The medicine will also be useful in case of heavy bleeding, in the rehabilitation period after protracted diseases (flu, bronchitis), accompanied by physical exhaustion.
During this disease, a drink of 10 grams of powder and 200 ml of boiling milk will help ease the symptoms. The components are thoroughly shaken until a thick mucous consistency is formed and taken orally hot, 1/3 cup before meals. The tool has anti-inflammatory, expectorant, firming effect.
With ARVI, catarrh of the respiratory tract
When SARS, CVR (catarrh of the upper respiratory tract) well facilitates breathing, relieves inflammation and fever. A folk remedy prepared from five grams of powder of dried tubers of double-leaved and 200-250 ml of boiling water. The ingredients are thoroughly shaken and then boil on the stove for 20-25 minutes on low heat. The broth is cooled and taken one teaspoon three times a day.
Harvesting and storage
For medicinal purposes, only the roots of the plant are suitable, the product name “selepa tubers”, and only young and juicy (of the current year) are harvested. The tubers are harvested at the end of flowering or immediately after flowering, while the live floral arrow is still preserved, otherwise it will be very difficult to find a plant in thick grass later. Tubers of plants are cleaned from the presence of earth on them, washed with cold water. Then strung on a thick thread and immersed in boiling water for 1-2 minutes. This prevents the germination of roots during drying and accelerates it. Dried roots in the air in the shade, in a dark and well-ventilated room or in a dryer at a temperature of 50 ° C.
Dried roots after such treatment completely lose their unpleasant odor and bitterness. They become heavy and dense, horny consistency, slightly translucent in the sun. They have a slightly wrinkled surface, light yellow color and slimy taste. Store dried rhizomes can be in a paper bag in a dry, dark place. Used in the form of powder, for the preparation of mucous decoctions, which are used as a good emollient, enveloping and strong anti-inflammatory agent.
Application in everyday life
In the East, from dried and ground tubers into flour, the drink is brewed with bee honey, which is very much appreciated by the locals. In the Caucasus, whole tubers add food for the first time, grind them into flour and make nourishing jelly. The root of Lyubka Platanthera, today widely used in veterinary medicine for the treatment of animals. Applied as an enveloping agent in diseases of the stomach.
The composition and therapeutic properties of Lyubka
- Tubers for 50% consist of medical mucus, which includes mannana, 27% starch, 5% valuable protein compounds, various natural sugars, calcium oxalate, mineral salts and other beneficial substances.
- In modern medicine, only young tubers of the plant are used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, acute and chronic diseases of the human respiratory tract, chronic bronchitis, gastroenteritis, diarrhea, dysentery, inflammation of the bladder and poisoning with some poisons.
Broths from the roots of Lyubka in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
- As an enema - a decoction is prepared in the ratio of 1 g of powder and 20 g of water.
- For oral administration, mucus is prepared - 1 part of powder and 10 parts of cold water, then you need to add another 90 parts of boiling water and make it loose until a homogeneous slurry is obtained. To increase the caloric and nutritional content of the finished mucus, it can be prepared on the basis of milk or broth.
- For an adult, it will be enough to prepare a decoction of 40 pounded tubers.
Drink from Lubka as a general tonic
It is necessary to take: 50 g of root powder, 50 g of starch, 200 g of sugar, 1.5 l of milk, 50 ml of water, cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) to taste. In an aluminum bowl mix sugar, starch, powder from the root of Lyubka. With constant stirring, pour in milk. Boil on a small light for 5 minutes until thick.
Billet of Night Violets
Harvest and grass, and roots. The main medicinal raw materials are still young roots. They are dug up after flowering, choosing those from which the flowering stalks have not yet germinated. They are washed, peeled and immersed for a couple of minutes in boiling water, then the roots are dried in well-ventilated rooms. Properly dried roots, which are called salep, are dense translucent, yellowish-gray tubers. They can be stored for up to 6 years. The content of blackened tubers is unacceptable, and not more than 3% of darkened ones.
To cope with boils can be using compresses from fresh raw materials. For this, the tubers are carefully ground to a slurry and applied to the sore spot. From above you need to apply a gauze bandage for fixation and leave for 30-40 minutes. Compresses can be applied up to 4-5 times a day.until the boil is revealed.
A cure for cystitis is prepared from 10 grams of dry raw materials and 200 ml of water. Ingredients cooked over low heat until a viscous consistency. Then they need to be cooled and refrigerated. Take 50 ml of broth three times a day.
Fresh raw materials have antiseptic and hemostatic means.. It can be crushed into a slurry or cut into small pieces, put in cheesecloth and applied to the sore spot.
For the treatment of leukemia, you can use tincture, made from 6 small tubers and 100 ml of wine. Take it one tablespoon 3 times a day.
For herpes useful decoctions of 2 tablespoons of dry raw materials and 500 ml of watercooked in a water bath.
Lyubka two-leaved - a flower that is famous not only for its decorative qualities. For many years it has been used in home medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments. Even now, recipes based on this plant have not lost their popularity and are common at home. It is important to know that before using even such herbal remedies, it is recommended to consult a doctor. Traditional medicine does not replace drug treatment, but it is suitable as an adjuvant therapy. Also note that for some people, consuming this plant can cause allergic reactions. Be healthy!
Lyubka double: chemical composition
Lyubka two-leaved and treatment in folk medicine is associated with the unique properties of its rhizomes. It is used to prepare the so-called Salepa - powder from dried rhizomes of orchids, to the genus of which lyubka belongs. Virtually the entire composition of the powder is mucus-forming substances. About 27% is starch.
They also contain bitter and protein substances, sugar-containing carbohydrates, essential oil, mineral salts, very little calcium oxalate.
Traces of coumarin and alkaloids were found in the above-ground part of the plant, although the leaves have no special medical value.
Medicinal properties of the night violet
Lubka two-leaved when describing the therapeutic properties is valued for the salep, which when in contact with water turns into a slimy kisely-like mass. It has antiseptic, enveloping properties that enhance the effect of traditional treatment. diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: enterocolitis, colitis, gastritis, duodenal ulcers and stomach.
It is often used for poisoning, as the salep film prevents toxic substances from being absorbed by the walls of the gastrointestinal tract.
The mucous mass of Lyubka has a high energy value. To provide a person with energy for a day, 40 g of dissolved salep is sufficient. It is also used to maintain the body in the postoperative period, during protracted and debilitating diseases.
Collection and storage of therapeutic raw materials
It doesn’t matter where a double leaf grows, collect it in places of natural growth prohibited. Therefore, for industrial production it is grown in special nurseries, which are organized on the bases of reserves.
Но при желании ее можно вырастить самостоятельно у себя на участке. Семена растения продаются в тех же питомниках или специализированных магазинах.
Их выбирают из земли, моют в проточной воде, очищают, а потом на пару минут опускают в кипяток.
После этого заготовки подлежат сушке: в специальных шкафах или в темных проветриваемых местах. Если используется сушильная камера, ее температуру надо выставить на 50-60°С.
После высушивании клубни становятся роговидными и очень твердыми. They should be folded in paper bags, folded in a storage container and tightly closed. Tara put in a dry place. If moisture penetrates the tubers, they can become moldy.
With a breakdown and nervous overstrain
Salep from Lyubka is used for nervous overstrain, loss of strength, protracted illnesses. To do this, in the evening they take two teaspoons of powder from the root of the plant, send them to a thermos flask, into which half a liter of freshly boiled milk is poured. In the morning, the resulting infusion is filtered and taken after eating 10 ml three times a day for two weeks.
In case of poisoning
In case of any type of poisoning, the following remedy is prepared. Dried roots are ground to a powder.
Then a gram of powder is poured into a bottle or jar, poured 100 g boiling water, close the lid and shake for 10 minutes. The tool is taken every 4 hours to 20 ml. They drink constantly until all traces of poisoning are gone.
In this case, apply fresh root Lyubka. It is cut into plates, then one of them is taken, excised so that it starts to give juice, and applied to the aching tooth, and held until the pain is completely gone.
With flu and cold
With flu, acute viral diseases that are accompanied by high fever, use powder lyubki.
To do this, 10 g of the product is poured with a glass of hot milk, thoroughly shaken until the mixture becomes homogeneous, and then drink in small sips in two doses during the day.
With a cold cold cook tea powder: throw half a teaspoon of powder on a glass of boiling water, and when it is just infused and cool, add a teaspoon of honey. It is necessary to drink tea while it is warm.
With boils and tearing wounds
For the healing of tearing wounds in a water bath, boil 20 g of dried or fresh root in a glass of water.
If the root is fresh, it should soften, after which it should be crushed and applied to the sore spot for two hours, covering with a soft cloth. The procedure is carried out once a day.
For furunculosis, a portion of the powder is mixed with five portions of pork fat. The mixture is kept in the fridge for 24 hours, then the problem areas are lubricated three times a day with it.
Contraindications and harm
The plant is surprising because with its high efficacy in treatment it has practically no contraindications. It is suitable for people of different ages and health. When using it no side effects noticed. The only thing that should be used carefully is people who are prone to allergies, hypertension and chronic insomnia.
Lyubka double - a small plant with powerful potential. Pleasing with its small white flowers and amazing aroma, it is able to fight with complex diseases and support the human body in case of serious ailments.
Recipes and applications in traditional medicine
Mucous broths are prepared on the basis of tuber powder. To do this, you need to dissolve 5-10 g of powder in a glass of water and boil until the mucus becomes thick.
Often, mucus is prepared in broth, milk or wine to increase its nutritional value.
- With tuberculosis, reduction of the functions of the gonads, diseases of the bladder, diarrhea, convulsions, bleeding, to improve sexual activity take an infusion of tubers: insist 30 g of tubers for 0.5 liters of wine, should be taken 1 tbsp. spoon thrice a day.
- When coughing from the tubers of the double-leaved luster drink: 1 dissolve 1 teaspoon of the powder from the tubers in water, broth or milk, pour 1 tbsp into this mixture. a spoonful of wine. Take 50 ml. 3 - 4 times a day.
- With exhaustion take water decoction of the grassy part of the night violet: 1 tbsp. boil a spoonful of dried grass in a glass of water over low heat for 5 minutes, insist 1 hour, take ед cup 3-4 times a day before meals.
- With inflammation of the kidneys and for washing wounds take water decoction inflorescences night violets: 1 tbsp. spoonful of dried inflorescences boil in a glass of water over low heat for 5 minutes, insist 1 hour, you need to take 1 meal before meals. spoon 3-4 times a day.
Two-leaved Lyubka is not included in the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation and is not used in official medicine. In alternative medicine, it is used as an enveloping agent for various gastrointestinal diseases (enterocolitis, colitis, gastritis, gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer), as well as poisoning with cauterizing and irritant poisons as an enveloping agent and slowing their absorption through the intestines. Tubers of Lyubka two-leaved are recommended for impotence, weakening of the function of the sex glands, bladder diseases, catarrh of large intestines, bleeding and tuberculosis.
From dried lyubki tubers, two-leaved, you can get salep, which is very nutritious and high-calorie, therefore, in medical dietology it is recommended to restore the body after serious diseases. To increase the nutritional value of the salep cooked in milk or broth.
Lubka two-leaved tubers are also used in veterinary practice for gastrointestinal diseases as an enveloping agent.
Contraindications and side effects
It is not recommended to use the tubers of Lyubki two-leaved for therapeutic purposes in case of hypertension, insomnia (chronic), as well as people with a predisposition to allergic diseases and individual intolerance.
The value of Lyubka two-leaved is that the tubers accumulate a lot of useful, very nutrients, which people have long known about. Salep, derived from a tuber, has been valued highly enough at all times. For example, a total of 40 g of tuber powder in milk or water can maintain a person’s strength at a fairly high level for a whole day. In the East, in particular in Iran, from the dried double tuber tuber pounded into flour and boiled with honey, they prepare a valuable “kokuya” drink. Salep with grape wine or broth is used as a nutritious product. In addition, the tubers of Lyubka two-leaved in the Caucasus are put in soups, make them jelly, flour and other food.
Lyubka two-leaved - highly decorative plant, has great prospects in modern landscape design and floriculture, it can also be grown in greenhouses and as a garden plant. Despite the conservation status of the plant, fragrant flowers are often collected in bouquets, and designers include them in floral arrangements for interior decoration.
Lyubka two-leaved (lat. Platanthera bifolia) is a precinct species of the genus Lyubka (lat. Platanthera) of the Orchid family (lat. Orchidaceae). The genus includes according to various data from 50 to 200 perennial herbaceous plants growing mainly in the Northern Hemisphere. Of these, 13 species are found in the former USSR, including Lyubka double.
Perennial grass, 25-50 (60) cm tall with a pear-shaped tuber. Bottom leaf 2. Leaf blades are broad, oblong-ovate, with a blunt tip. The stem is erect, leafless, ending in a loose racemose inflorescence. Flowers zygomorphic, yellowish-white. Perianth simple, corolla, of 6 leaves, in two circles (3 in each circle), the rear leaflet of the inner circle is converted into the lip. Two lateral leaves are non-equilateral, the third - with a hollow outgrowth - spur. Stamen 1, anthers are close together and are located parallel to each other. Pollen grains are gathered into lumps - polines. Ginetsa parakarpny of three carpels. The ovary is lower, single-celled, with numerous anatropic ovules with 1 integument. The formula of a flower of Lyubka is a double-leaved - ↑ О3 + 2 + 1Т1П (3). The fruit is a box. Seeds are numerous, very small, without endosperm with an undifferentiated embryo. Propagated by seeds that are spread by the wind. Seeds germinate only in the presence of fungal mycelium. It blooms for 6-7 years of life, usually at the beginning of summer (June - July). It is pollinated by moths (hawk moths) flying on a strong smell, which flowers emit in the evening. The fruits ripen in July - August.
Lyubka two-leaved is a common plant for the middle zone of the European part of Russia (especially the forest and forest-steppe zone) and Siberia (especially the south-western part). It grows in forests, thickets, glades and forest edges.
Although the plant is fairly widespread, it grows almost everywhere, nevertheless, it is classified as protected, since it is massively collected in bouquets, which leads to the destruction of its populations, especially near human settlements. In addition, on the habitats great damage to the plant cause land reclamation and plantation. Therefore, in many areas listed in the lists of protected plants. There are attempts to breed in culture.
Regions of distribution on the map of Russia.
Medicinal raw materials are mainly tubers of wild plants. Tubers are dug up at the end of flowering or after flowering, young, fleshy and juicy are selected, then cleaned, washed in running water. Tubers are immersed for 2-3 minutes in boiling water and dried in the shade or in a dryer at a temperature of 50 ° C. Dry tubers are very hard, hornlike. Store raw materials in paper bags in a dry place.
The chemical composition of Lubka two-leaved is studied insufficiently. Lubka double-leaved tubers contain a large amount of mucus - up to 50% (which contains manan), starch (about 27%), sugar, protein and bitter substances, mineral salts, essential oil, a small amount of calcium oxalate and other useful substances.
Lyubka two-leaved has enveloping, tonic, anti-toxic, tonic, anti-inflammatory, softening healing properties. Also marked antiseptic, antihypertensive and diuretic properties that contribute to lowering pressure. The therapeutic effect of the plant is primarily due to the content of a large amount of mucus in the tubers, which protects the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract from irritation and prevents the absorption of toxins. Tubers (salep) of the double-leaved can increase sexual activity, which is very effective for getting rid of impotence.
Use in traditional medicine
As a medicinal plant, Lyubka double-leaf in folk medicine has been known since ancient times. For medicinal purposes, folk healers use mainly fleshy succulent tubers of the plant, from which they prepare various preparations (powders, mucous decoctions, ointments), which are widely used to treat a vast number of diseases as tonic, enveloping, anti-inflammatory, tonic. For example, a decoction of the roots of any two-leaved lyubki is used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, fever, female diseases, ulcers, poisoning with poisons, diarrhea, bladder inflammation, nervous exhaustion, as well as weakening of the function of the sex glands and sexual impotence, seizures, paralysis. Powder dried tubers lyubki duplex is used for diarrhea of various etiologies, including dysentery, intestinal catarrh, cystitis, senile exhaustion, prolonged bleeding and anemia caused by them. Fresh tubers are applied directly to sore teeth in case of acute pain. Broth from tuber powder Lubki double-leaf is also used in diseases of the upper respiratory tract and oral cavity. Drink from the roots with honey is recommended when coughing. In folk medicine, tubers pounded and steamed in milk or mixed with pork fat are applied to boils (carbuncles, felds) and ulcers. This mixture is used to improve hair growth. Folk healers recommend salep to maintain strength in old age, after serious illnesses, prolonged bleeding, and dystrophy as a reducing agent. Powder from old maternal tubers of Lyubka two-leaved healers are used as a contraceptive, while prolonged use of the drug can cause complete sterility in women. In case of leukemia, folk healers use the collection of herbs in composition with double-leaved, spotted hawthorn and horsetail in equal proportions. The curative properties of tuber Lyubov bifaceae are especially effective in pediatric practice for various intestinal diseases (diarrhea).
The healing properties of Lyuba two-leaved as a valuable medicinal plant have been known since ancient times. Avicenna also wrote about the salep: "cleans ulcers, prevents the spread of herpes, heals the malignant corroded wounds ... ...". But the main thing that attracted the attention of ancient healers is the salep, its ability to initiate sexual activity. Ancient healers have developed thousands of recipes for getting rid of impotence. It was also known that a powerful concentrate of nutrients accumulates in the tubers of Lyubka bifolia. Tibetan doctors used the plant as a means of "increasing the strength of the body and the seed." In the East, Lyubka tubers were highly valued, they were called “salep tubers” (from the Arabic salab). Salep was the main component of food stocks in long hikes, it was also taken to distant caravan crossings. A small amount of sales in the form of a talker on water or milk was enough to maintain strength during the day.
In the Russian medical book "Cool Helicopter" it is written:
“The root of the herb is boiled in wine, and that pitot, bedding moves, some of the herb velmie uses those which hold the essence of the hernia, if they drink it, eat this herb of grass, one spool, and one podleshnikov hoofing one and a half of the spool, and pepper a long third the spool, all pounded, and that drink was accepted to go to bed, and from that the sperm will be born, and the bedding moves the thoughts. ”
The scientific name of the genus "Platanthera" comes from the Greek words "platis" - wide and "antera" - pollen bag, which is associated with the features of the anther shape. A specific epithet "bifolia" - from the Latin. “Bi” - two (x), “ifolius” - leaf, which is explained by two large basal leaves characteristic for the plant.
Incredibly fragrant flowers, giving their wonderful aroma only at night, allowed to call the plant "night violet."
In addition, the Russian name of the genus "Lyubka" is associated with ancient legends that the tubers, namely Lyubka two-leaved, have magical properties, being a love potion, a love potion, etc.
The Russian names of Lyubka are two-leaved: night violet, love root, wild balsam, night perfume, cuckoo tears, field jasmine, night beauty, etc. In England, a small flower of a plant is called a butterfly orchid.
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5. Gubanov, I.A., and others. 410. Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. - Lyubka two-leaved, or Night violet // Illustrated determinant of plants in Central Russia. In 3 t. M .: T-in scientific. ed. KMK, In-t technologist. survey., 2002. T. 1. Ferns, horsetails, moss, gymnosperms, angiosperms (monocots). P. 520.
6. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajan. M .: Enlightenment. 1982. Vol. 6. 539 p.
7. Efimov P. G. Rod Platanthera Rich. (Orchidaceae Juss.) And close genera in the flora of Russia // Abstract of Diss. for the competition learned. step. Cand. biol. sciences. SPb., 2007. pp. 1-22.
8. Shantser I.A. plants of the middle zone of European Russia (Field Atlas). M. Publishing House KMK. 2007. 470 p.
The author: Yuliya Ivanovna Korshikova
The author: Yuliya Ivanovna Korshikova
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Lyubka bifolia (also called the love root, night violet, wild balsam) is a herbaceous, perennial tuber plant belonging to the Orchid family. Inhabits night violet on the edges and glades of deciduous and mixed forests, in meadows, among shrubs. In folk medicine it is used as an anti-inflammatory, enveloping and emollient.