Mushroom Valui (Russula foetens)
- Valui (Russula foetens)
- Family: Russulaceae (Russulaceae)
- Other names:goby, cam, kulbik, russula fetid, sopty-bitch, plakun mushroom, svinushka
- Edible : average taste qualities (attributed to the 3 taste group)
Valui belongs to the Syroezhkovs' order and is not considered to be a grebe, it is an edible mushroom. However, lovers of quiet hunting do not always put it in the basket. There are other names for valuya: bull, cam, kulbik, russula fetid, soplivchik, plakun mushroom. All these names are associated with its external features and characteristics.
Hat the fungus has a height of up to 5 cm; its diameter reaches 14 cm. Its color is often light brown, the surface is slippery, and in the center there is a small depression. The cap has the shape of a hemisphere, with age it becomes flatter or slightly concave.
Height legs varies from 5 to 15 cm, diameter up to 3.5 cm. It is tightly grasped by the edges of the cap, has a cylindrical shape and a dense texture. Its color is lighter than that of the upper part of the fruit body. In old mushrooms, the leg is loose and has a darker color. If you pick it out with the tip of a knife, the hat will become hollow, and inside it you can see the plates. They are long and frequent.
Records have a cream or off-white shade and secrete a yellowish liquid that dries out and leaves dark spots. This is a completely natural goby feature. The flesh on the cut is white, but eventually darkens. It does not have a pleasant smell and has a pungent taste. Its structure is fragile and fragile.
The color of the cap is yellow to brown with various shades.
When and where to collect
Valui collect from mid-summer to early October. Actively bear bull in august. He often is found in the north of the Caucasus, the Far East, the west of Siberia. Mushrooms usually grow in dense forests with high humidity, under pines, birches, oaks.
Goby is a favorite delicacy of insects and slugs. This is indicated by the characteristic marks on the cap. Mushroom pickers have to pick out a leg to check for worminess. Often the hat in young mushrooms is not infected, and then it can be put in a basket.
Poisonous twins have no fungus. There is a false valui, which has a sharp and unpleasant smell, like horseradish. It grows from late summer to early September. The people called him "horseradish mushroom."
It is very similar to its edible counterpart, but it has a number of characteristic differences:
- In the center of the cap there is a small bump.
- The foot thickens at the base and is covered with small scales.
- Hat and leg have a brown or dark yellow shade.
In false valuya there is no ring, characteristic of poisonous species. but eating this fungus leads to serious poisoning.
Beginner mushroom pickers can confuse valui with some specimens of russula almond, rusule morse. The first mushroom is distinguished by the characteristic smell of almonds, and the second - by plates of yellow color, in which a violet tint is noticeable along the edges. In order not to confuse the valuy with the white fungus, it is enough to look under the bonnet, the goby has plates there and the boletus has tubules.
It is better not to take overripe mushrooms and not to cut off suspicious specimens, so as not to put that fucking mushroom in the basket.
Use in medicine and benefits
Pharmacological properties of the bull are not fully understood. However, in ancient Chinese medicine it was used to relax the muscles. And today they make compresses and tinctures from it, which are used for pain, lumbago and numbness in the limbs. In Russia, valuy is not collected for medicinal purposes. It is not used for the preparation of cosmetics.
The protein contained in mushrooms is used in the structure of cells. Valui also contain a small amount of fat and carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Thanks to these substances, gobies are a fairly useful product that acts on the body as a strong antioxidant.
It has a beneficial effect on the following indicators:
- heart rhythm,
- sugar level
- metabolic process.
Experts have been studying the anti-cancer properties of fungi, among which there are gobies, for years. They contain ergotionein, which is able to prevent the development of tumors.
The beta glucans contained in the currents strengthen the immune system. Chitin, which is part of these fungi, contributes to the removal of toxins and heavy metals from the body. However, this substance is only useful in limited quantities. It cannot be destroyed by soaking or heat treatment.
Harm and contraindications
It must be remembered that the use of fresh value may lead to poisoning, which manifested in the form of:
- Gastrointestinal disorders
- pain in the stomach.
It is impossible Gather the mushrooms alongside roads or industrial facilities. Not recommended include these mushrooms in the diet of children, pregnant women and people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver or kidneys.
The process of cooking a value dish is quite laborious, but it allows you to get wonderful salted mushrooms for the festive table. The main thing - to know the features of the processing of the product, so as not to harm health.
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Appearance and Description
Hats at valuya with a diameter up to 15 centimeters. They are convex (less often prostrate), brown in color, with striated or cracked edges. They can be dry or slightly sticky, often damaged by slugs and insects. Young mushrooms have mucous and spherical caps. The plates are yellowish, narrow and rare. They are often covered with droplets of clear liquid, which after drying leaves brownish spots.
Legs 3-8 centimeters high and up to 3 centimeters thick, cylindrical in shape, often tapering to the bottom, white or yellow with a brownish tinge on the base. The young legs have solid legs, and the old ones have a cellular structure inside.
The flesh of young trees is white and hard, eventually turning yellow. Mature mushrooms are distinguished by brittle pulp, which has a bitter taste and herring smell. A rust-colored cavity is formed in the legs of mature trees.
Mycorrhiza valuya is formed with deciduous and coniferous trees, but most often with birch trees. This fungus is usually found in deciduous and mixed forests, in conifers it grows less often. You can find vali on the edge, along the edges of the forest, in grasses and in damp shaded places. The fungus is common in North America and Eurasia. In Russia, it can be found in the European part of the state, as well as in the Far East, in Western Siberia and in the Caucasus.
The beginning of fruiting is noted in July. Such mushrooms ripen until October. Suitable for gathering are young trees, in which an unopened hat with a diameter of up to 6 centimeters. After removing the skin from the mushrooms, they are first soaked for 2-3 days, and then boiled for 20-25 minutes. After that, most often these mushrooms are salted or marinated.
Recommendations for collecting mushrooms, you can get from the following video.
False Value Description
Valui false is an inedible plate mushroom, which some mycologists consider to be poisonous. Due to the specific smell got its second name - horseradish mushroom. It grows singly or in groups from August to early September, choosing open areas of deciduous forest and parks.
Valui false is very similar to its edible twin, but nonetheless has a number of specific differences. Its cap, about 6–8 cm in diameter, has a convex shape with a small tubercle in the center. The surface of the cap is painted in a dirty yellow or brown color. In rainy weather, young mushrooms “cry”, highlighting drops on the spore-bearing layer. Leg valuya false scaly, round, with a thickening at the base, has the same color as the cap. It does not have a characteristic ring, as in most poisonous mushrooms. The flesh is white, with a sharp unpleasant smell and bitter taste.
The use of valuya false in food inevitably leads to poisoning, expressed in the disorder of the digestive system and a sharp deterioration in health.