Heating the chicken coop in winter can be done in different ways. This may be an electric heater or infrared lamp. There are plenty of options to provide the hens with comfortable conditions during the winter period. In this article we will explain how to better organize the heating of the chicken coop in the cold season. In addition, consider what are the heaters.
Providing a comfortable temperature for poultry in the winter season is possible in two ways:
The first option is less expensive, but also the most not recommended for winter keeping of domestic chickens. Meanwhile, many poultry farmers use exactly the natural way to maintain heat in the hen house. Therefore, we begin our story with this option.
Natural heating coop
The essence of this method is to maintain the positive temperature inside the house without using heating devices. To do this, you must carefully caulk all the cracks in the hen house, leaving only the vent.
The walls are made double, laying a layer of insulation between them. This is usually foam or glass wool. The floor is also made double, sprinkling 10–15 cm of litter on top. Peat, straw or sawdust is used as a litter.
This method of space heating is relevant only for regions with moderate climatic conditions. If in places where you live, winters are accompanied by severe frosts, then you still have to buy a heater for a chicken coop. Otherwise, to provide full heating in the house is unlikely.
Probably the most expensive way to keep the hens warm in winter. This option includes heaters, oil radiators, heat convectors and fans. In other words, all heating appliances powered by electricity.
Of the advantages of this method of heating can be noted practicality and ease of installation. It is enough to buy one electric heater or several (depending on the area of the room), and install them in the hen house as far as possible from the birds.
On the temperature controller expose the data you need and the heating of the room is ready. As soon as the heater cools down, the automatics will again heat it to the set temperature. Among the shortcomings worth noting impressive electricity bills.
Gas heating coop
This is a more practical way to keep your chickens warm. But for heating a small poultry house, which contains a dozen layers, the purchase of an expensive gas boiler is unprofitable. Therefore, gas heating of chicken coops is mainly used only in large farms.
It should be noted that the gas boiler needs constant supervision, this is a very dangerous equipment. Therefore, additional maintenance costs are required.
A conventional stove is quite capable of replacing any heater. This is a more cost-effective way to keep the chickens warm than using an electric heater or a gas boiler.
In addition, the use of furnace heating for chicken houses, is widely used in private households. But using the stove, be prepared to comply with the following requirements:
- the presence in the economy of coal or wood,
- compliance with fire safety regulations
- arrangement of the chicken coop chimney,
- constant monitoring of the combustion process and the addition of fuel.
A variant of this method of heating a chicken coop can be a diesel furnace. It has more power and is safe to use.
It makes sense to consider the air-convection oven "Bulerian". The advantage of using such a furnace for heating a chicken coop is obvious. It can work on almost any kind of fuel, is economical and has great power.
But according to experienced farmers, the most convenient way to heat a chicken coop is to use infrared heaters. They have already proven themselves in households.
These are very convenient devices in respect of operation. Infrared heaters do not heat the indoor air, but the surrounding objects.. This ensures that the heat inside the house is kept warm.
The fact is that according to the laws of physics, warm air rises. And even if you carefully seal each slit in the roof, the warm air will still find a loophole to leak out. In addition, a vent is usually made in the ceiling of the hen house, through which air will flow freely.
The surrounding objects, which give heat to infrared heaters, will not go anywhere. Moreover, they will gradually release the accumulated heat to the surrounding space.
Infrared heaters are convenient in that they have a ceiling mount. Accordingly, the birds will not be able to reach them and get burned.
For small domestic chicken coops, it is recommended to purchase infrared heaters with a power not exceeding 500 watts.
When purchasing such equipment, take care to purchase a thermostat. Having set the temperature on the thermostat to be optimal for the winter chickens + 12 degrees, you can no longer worry about anything. As soon as the indoor air cools down, the infrared heater will turn on automatically.
At home, Bilux infrared heaters have proven themselves well.
These are the most popular heaters for chicken houses. And this has its reasons. IR lamps do not burn the air in the room, but they maintain the necessary humidity and dryness. Infrared lamps can be used not only for heating, but also for lighting the chicken coop.
According to farmers, with small sizes, these devices have a high efficiency. Soft, red color has a calming effect on birds and contributes to better growth and productivity.
Of a fairly wide range on the market, you can select infrared lamps from the following manufacturers:
- Phillips. Despite the high cost, the lamps are distinguished by reliability and durability in operation.
- Osram. Similar in their characteristics with the previous manufacturer.
- IKZ. In no way inferior to Western counterparts, but more affordable in terms of prices.
Important! Only one such lamp with a power of 250 W is capable of heating and lighting approximately 12 square meters.
Another way to provide heating coop in the winter. Actually, if you have heating in your house using a water-heating boiler, and the chicken coop is adjacent to the residential building.
In the house are installed pipes, which stand out from the heating circuit of a residential house. If you have certain experience and skills, it will not be a problem to arrange heating of the house due to a residential building. In our opinion, this is the most practical and cheap way to ensure heating of the chicken coop in winter.
As you can see, heaters for chicken houses are the most diverse. We hope that this article was informative for you and will help you find the best solution for heating domestic chickens.
Heating the chicken coop in winter
Hello dear readers! Continuing the topic of keeping chickens in winter, today we will talk about heating a chicken coop. In regions with mild winters, it is enough just to provide deep bedding and warm the slots and manholes. But if the frosts promise to be severe, it is necessary to resort to more serious measures.
So, what are the ways to heat a chicken coop in winter?
1) Natural heating of the chicken coop (that is, flooring and insulation of walls and ceiling),
2) Artificial heating of the chicken coop:
- IR lamps, IR heaters,
- stove heating (brick structures, stoves),
- heating with radiator, heater, diesel furnaces, Buleryan stoves, heat gas guns.
IR lamps for heating the chicken coop
One of the most common options for heating the coop in the winter today. An infrared lamp (IR lamp), or an infrared mirror flask (ICSC) at 250 W can provide 10-12 "squares" of the chicken coop with heat. What is she good at?
- heats not the air, but specifically the objects on which the infrared rays fall,
- creates optimum moisture, dries the litter,
- the lamp can not be turned off at all - its non-aggressive red light has a calming effect on the birds,
- does not burn oxygen in the hen house,
- quite easy to install, use and replace,
- has high efficiency (98%),
- and it warms and shines: 90% of the energy of the IR lamp goes to heat, 10% to the light,
- strengthens the immunity of birds, improves the digestibility of feed.
But the disadvantages of IR lamps are. Many poultry farmers complain that such lamps consume too much electricity, they are short enough, and after water gets on the IR lamp, it often cracks. However, everything will depend on the quality and compliance with the rules of operation.
When installing IR lamps for heating the chicken coop, it should be taken into account that the distance from the lamp to the heated objects should be 0.5-1 meters, since the lamp heats, first of all, not the air, but the surface - whether it be chicken, bedding or roost.
Chickens are of different breeds, and some curious will want to jump on the lamp. To do this, in advance, take care of safety measures - safety valves.
For such lamps, use lamps with ceramic bullets. It is best to connect IR lamps for heating the chicken coop in the winter through a dimmer (dimmer).
Thus, you will find the optimal mode of lighting and heating for the chicken coop and will be able to save on electricity.
IR heaters for heating a chicken coop
Just like lamps, it is not the air that is heated, but the surfaces. In the shops you can find devices with a capacity of 300 W - 4.2 KV. For heating a small chicken coop an infrared heater of about 500 watts will suffice.
Is there a method to heat a chicken coop in the winter without electricity
Indeed, heating a chicken coop in the winter without electricity is possible. Moreover, in villages it is still limited to the so-called natural heating by creating thick non-removable bedding.
Everything is done very simply.
- First, sprinkled with slaked lime at the rate of 1 kg per square meter of the house (this is necessary so that there are no fleas and ticks).
- Top shred chopped straw, moss peat or sawdust with a layer of 5-8 centimeters.
- As the litter is treading, it will be necessary to add new material (without removing litter), periodically loosening the litter with a rake or forks.
Due to the natural processes of composting, heat will be released from the litter - it is usually enough to maintain a comfortable temperature in the house. In the spring, the resulting compost is removed and used as a fertilizer.
The need for heating
The creation of a favorable temperature regime is directly interrelated with the productivity of chickens and is a necessary guarantee of successful farming. Even a slight decrease in temperature in the hen house, which lasts for several days, can drastically “drop” the egg production of the bird and noticeably reduce the weight gain of broiler chickens. Heat plays the role of priority conditions of detention, along with feeding and making the necessary dressings. In addition, in a cold room, the risk of catarrhal diseases sharply increases and there is a noticeable decrease in immunity, and when the temperature drops below 5 degrees, the bird can earn leg arthritis. Also, a sharp decrease in temperature in the hen house can cause the formation of frost and increased humidity, which inevitably leads to the occurrence of infectious diseases of broilers and layers.
However, keeping birds at low temperatures affects not only the health of chickens. Besides the fact that the egg production is falling sharply, there are problems with the incubation of chickens. This is due to the fact that the embryos do not have enough maternal heat, as a result of which a very large percentage of non-hatched chickens die. Due to the fact that the bird is forced to spend most of its calories not on weight gain, but on heating its body, the feed intake is almost doubled, which, along with a decrease in productivity, calls into question the feasibility of breeding chickens.
In winter, the optimum temperature in the coop is 10-15 degrees Celsius. Increasing or decreasing these values violate the biological rhythms of chickens and adversely affect their overall condition. To monitor the temperature in the chicken coop room, it is necessary to hang two thermometers. One of them should be placed at the entrance door, and the second should be placed closer to the ceiling near the upper perch.
When can you not heat?
To organize the heating of the chicken coop, two methods are used - artificial and natural. Each of them has its strengths and weaknesses, differing from others in energy consumption, efficiency and amount of funds spent. So, for the regions located in southern or temperate latitudes, the natural method is quite suitable. The main condition for the application of this method is the absence of a significant decrease in night temperatures and strong winds. If the temperature in an unheated room can be kept within 7 degrees, then the natural method is more rational, and, when carrying out a number of heat-saving measures, can be safely used.
The first object of warming the chicken coop is the floor. This is due to the fact that thanks to the plumage, the bird's body is not particularly sensitive to cold, and the only vulnerable point is the legs. That is why the insulation of the floor must be made first. Before you start laying the heater, the floor surface should be sprinkled with powdered slaked lime at the rate of 1 kg / m2. The presence of lime will relieve the coop room from the appearance of fleas and ticks. Then the lime layer is covered with any insulating material, which can be used as sawdust, fallen leaves or straw. The total thickness of the layer should be 25-30 cm.
The most effective means of natural heating of the room is manure. In the process of overheating, the mullein produces significant amounts of heat, which is enough to “heat” the chicken coop during the winter. The only condition for the use of manure is a ban on the removal of the old, already trampled mullein. In such cases, a layer of new fertilizer is laid on top, while preserving the previously laid manure.
It should be remembered that in order to insulate the floor in no case can not use extruded polystyrene. This is due to the fact that the material has a low throughput and is not able to drain off excess moisture. Because of this, the room will be damp and unsuitable for keeping chickens. Concrete floors shift insulating material, and then sheathed boards.
After warming the floor, it is necessary to proceed to the insulation of the walls and ceiling. To do this, you need to plug all the cracks, not forgetting to form a small ventilation window. When building a chicken coop that is not equipped with artificial heating, double walls and a ceiling should be made. The cavities between the two surfaces are filled with polystyrene or mineral wool, moreover, the thickness of the insulating layer must be at least 15 cm. The room that is built and insulated in this way will “work” according to the principle of a thermos: the heat generated by chickens and manure will be maintained for a long time, which will allow Chickens tolerate frosts up to 12 degrees. The final stage of the hen house warming will be the weatherization of windows and doors, which is carried out with the help of polyethylene or thick fabric.
Can I do without additional heating?
In most cases, additional heating is the only way to ensure the most optimal conditions for keeping chickens. This issue is particularly acute for regions with a cold northern climate, as in such conditions, when there is a lack of heat, the bird can become seriously ill, or even die.
But in a temperate climate and the rest, warmer climatic zones, the coop does not require additional heating, since natural heating for these birds will be quite enough. To do this, it is only necessary to provide high-calorie food to chickens.
But in order for the birds to feel comfortable, you should thoroughly warm the chicken coop. To do this, all the cracks need to be carefully caulked, leaving only a small ventilation hole. In addition, the walls, floor and roof require enhanced insulation. The walls and roof are made double, with a small cavity between the inner and outer parts of the structures. Heater should be laid in the cavity (foam plastic, mineral wool, etc.) at least 10-15 cm thick. The floor is also made double. Поверх основного покрытия необходимо устелить дополнительный утеплительный шар толщиной не менее 15 см. Для этих целей наиболее пригодными будут торф, опилки либо солома.
В конечном результате конструкция утепленного курятника должна напоминать термос. The heat released during the life of the birds becomes the main source of creating a favorable temperature in the room, which, thanks to the heat insulation ball, is retained for a long time. In this case, a warmed chicken coop enables the birds to safely withstand seasonal frosts down to -10-12 ° С.
How to heat a chicken coop with electric heaters
Often, for most farmers, natural heating of the coop becomes insufficient to create comfortable conditions for wintering for domestic chickens. In this case, the safest and fastest way to achieve the required microclimate for keeping birds is space heating with a variety of electrical devices. They provide an opportunity instantly, and most importantly, it is safe to achieve the desired temperature. Next, we consider the main advantages and disadvantages of the most popular types of electric heaters.
The electric heater is a ventilation circulation type heating device. The device contains a heating element (PETN) and an air circulation system. Under the action of electric current, the heating element is heated, which, with the help of a powerful fan, is heated by air. As a result, with the help of a constant circulation of heat, the room is gradually heated to the required level.
Such a system is one of the most optimal solutions for heating, as it contributes to the instantaneous heating of air. To equip the system, it is necessary to bring uninterrupted power supply to the room, and also to build a special air duct from metal pipes or other materials. Most often, air heaters are used to heat large rooms, as the system requires complex maintenance.
Advantages of heaters:
- high level of efficiency,
- rapid heating of the room
- uniform heating of the whole chicken coop.
Disadvantages of calorific heating:
- high price of the heating system
- the need to install complex ventilation equipment,
- during operation, the heater can give off an unpleasant smell,
- overdrying of air in the process of heating,
- after the heating is turned off, the room instantly cools down,
- high noise level.
The oil heater is an electric device consisting of a heating element and a special heat carrier — mineral oil, which are sharpened in a sealed metal housing. In appearance, the oil heater resembles a conventional battery, but unlike centralized heating, such a radiator does not have a stationary location.
To design a heating system based on oil heaters, it is only necessary to conduct uninterrupted power supply to the room and purchase the required number of heaters (depending on the square of the room).
Advantages of oil heaters:
- low power consumption
- high fire safety,
- durability of heaters
- no noise
- the heater does not dry out the air and does not emit unpleasant odors,
- cooling of the room occurs gradually.
Disadvantages of oil heaters:
- slow and uneven heating of the room,
- for heating large chicken coops will require several devices
- in case of depressurization, oil may leak out,
- large weight of the heater.
An electric convector is a heating device that heats the room by natural convection of air between the room and the heating element. The convector consists of a metal body and PETN. During operation of the device, the heated air from the special air chambers rises, while the lower, colder air is sucked into them. As a result, there is a natural circulation of heat in the room.
To design a heating system based on electric convectors, it is necessary to provide the chicken house with uninterrupted power supply, as well as to purchase the required number of appliances (depending on the square of the room).
Advantages of electric convectors:
- low power consumption
- low cost
- easy operation
- no noise and unpleasant smell during work,
- the heater does not dry out the air.
Disadvantages of electroconvectors:
- slow and uneven heating of the room,
- instant cooling of the room after turning off the device,
- for heating large chicken coops will require several convectors.
Ceramic heating panel is a device consisting of heating heater and ceramic plates, which play the role of intermediate coolant. The device operates according to the principle of electric convector, however, the heating of the air in the room is due to forced convection. For these purposes, powerful fans are provided in the ceramic panels. Designing a heating system based on ceramic heaters is a fairly simple process, since its installation will require only uninterrupted power supply, as well as the availability of the heaters themselves.
Advantages of ceramic panels:
- fast warming up of the room
- aesthetics of the device
- high fire safety of the heater,
- long service life
- Do not dry the air.
The disadvantages of ceramic panels:
- high price,
- significant energy consumption
- high noise level during operation.
The operation of infrared heaters is based on the principle of interaction of organisms with electromagnetic radiation, which occupies a spectral position between microwave radiation and red visible light, the so-called infrared radiation. Infrared heater is quite simple in the design of the device. It consists of a housing, an infrared emitter and a reflector made of aluminum. To heat the chicken coop with such a device, it is only necessary to supply power to the structure, as well as to purchase the required number of heaters.
Advantages of infrared heater:
- low power consumption
- does not overdry the air,
- the device is silent,
- the device instantly creates the necessary microclimate.
Disadvantages of infrared heaters:
- point heating of the room,
- device fragility,
- the need for additional interior details in the room, as the heater heats the objects, not the air,
- the device emits light, which at night can disturb the sleep of a bird.
- to maintain the optimum temperature requires uninterrupted operation of the device.
Is it possible to do without electricians
An alternative to electric heaters are traditional gas and stove heating systems for our region. Each of them has its advantages, disadvantages and conditions for rational use, however, in any case, such heating of the room will help to cope with any sudden drop in temperature.
Using the stove
A conventional heating stove is the easiest way to heat a chicken coop, regardless of the climatic conditions of the region. This heating system consists of a metal combustion chamber (boiler) and a chimney. In the process of fuel combustion, heat is generated, which heats the surrounding air through the walls of the stove.
Such a heating system is quite practical. It does not require additional costs for maintenance, and absolutely any non-toxic material can become fuel for it. However, to build heating with the help of the stove is not so simple. In addition to the boiler and the ventilation pipe, the system requires strict adherence to all fire safety standards, since the stove makes it possible to heat it with an almost open flame.
Advantages of the stove:
- low fuel costs
- practicality and ease of care,
- ease of installation of the heating system.
Disadvantages of the stove:
- low fire safety,
- fuel needs to be thrown independently,
- emits an unpleasant smell in the process.
Heating the coop with gas
Gas heating is the most efficient way to create the required temperature in the hen house. Gas heating system can be of two types: water and convector. Water is a chain of the boiler, heating elements and the system of removal of combustible gases. In the process of fuel combustion, heat is generated, which is used to heat water.
Circulating through the system, water gives up its heat to the batteries, which directly heat the room. Convector heating is a system of point heating elements - convectors. They function according to the type of electric convectors, however, the heating of the heating element takes place with the help of gas combustion in the hermetic chamber of the device.
Advantages of gas heating systems:
- fast warming up of the room
- energy efficiency
- high fire safety,
- no odor in the process of burning fuel.
Disadvantages of gas heating systems:
- high cost of equipment
- the need for continuous monitoring of the health of the gas supply system,
- high cost of fuel.
Heating a chicken coop is one of the most important processes in the care and breeding of poultry. Optimum climatic conditions for chickens throughout the year are the key to their good health and high egg production. This process should be approached as carefully as possible, since it directly affects the farmers' value of each individual in the farm. Therefore, the choice of an optimal heating system should occur not only on the basis of personal preferences, but also according to the efficiency and feasibility of the funds spent on it.
Features of heating the chicken coop in winter
When breeding birds it is necessary to take into account their temperature preferences. This will help not only keep the chickens in good health, but also keep their egg production in the winter season.
When caring for birds, it is necessary to consider the following temperature regimes:
- The temperature at which most chickens feel most favorably - 12-15 degrees Celsius.
- The minimum temperature in the room where the birds are located - 10 degrees. When the temperature drops below this value, the likelihood of developing colds is greatly increased. The feed consumption also increases, as the bird organism spends part of the energy received on its own heating.
- The highest rate of egg production in chickens occurs at 18 degrees.
If you are also breeding birds, then you need to know about the allowable temperature regimes for chickens. Birds need to maintain an ambient temperature of at least 21 degrees until the first 21 days. In the future (up to 50 days) the temperature can be reduced to 16 degrees Celsius.
An important point in the heating of the coop is its warming. If there are many places where cold air will come from, its heating with electricity or gas will have a strong effect on the home budget, but it will not give a serious result.
Only after insulation of the room can be installed additional heating. Let us consider several ways how you can independently insulate the chicken coop.
When building a chicken coop in cold regions of the country, it is recommended to give preference to gable roofs. This design will help reduce the load with a large amount of precipitation, and the resulting attic will serve as thermal protection.
For additional insulation fit all the same materials that were used for floor insulation. Detailed instructions on how to insulate the ceiling, set out in the material at the link. Be sure to read it before starting thermal insulation work.
Also, a large amount of heat can go away because of bad doors and windows, cracks and cracks in the frames. It is necessary to eliminate all the existing shortcomings and carry out work on the insulation of wooden doors.
Additional heating of the chicken coop
In regions with a cold climate, normal warming may not be enough to maintain the desired temperature. In this case, you have to use additional tools and devices to increase the level of heat in the hen house.
Consider the basic ways to further heat the chicken coop.
Electrical appliances for heating are considered the most efficient way to heat any room. To accomplish this, minimal communications will be required, while electrical appliances themselves are easy to install and install.
Infrared lamps and heaters are especially popular with feathered owners.
One infrared lamp with a total power of 250 watts can heat a room up to 12 sq.m. In winter, when the amount of sunlight is minimal, an infrared lamp will be an excellent source of the required spectrum of light.
At installation of lamps it is necessary to consider the distance from them to the place of heating. Minimum is the distance to objects of at least half a meter. If the lamp is located closer, chickens can get burned, which will not have a positive effect on their health.
The second most popular are infrared heaters. They are more convenient to install, since they can be embedded directly into the ceiling. For smaller chicken coops, a single heater up to 500 watts will suffice.
Infrared devices have the following common advantages:
- Objects are heated, not air.
- Lamps and heaters do not burn oxygen in the room.
- Floor litter dries faster.
- IR lamps are both sources of light.
- The devices are easy to install.
Other electric heaters show low efficiency.
- Fan Heater. To warm the air to 14-16 degrees, you need a device up to 2 kW power. This can hit the wallet hard. Often used as a temporary solution to a problem.
- Infrared film. The heater initially has a very high cost, which may not be appropriate for the goals.
- Oil radiator. Like fan heaters, it is used extremely rarely and temporarily.
- Convector More economical option for electric heaters. Due to the natural features and principles of operation of the device, the difference in temperature between the floor and the ceiling can exceed 10 degrees.