Such a flower culture, like cacti, is perfect for all lovers of home plants. They are very easy to collect. In the catalogs there are more than 3 thousand species of cacti plants. Photos and their names are striking in their beauty and singularity. No florist in this world knows everything about cacti in rooms, and there is no complete collection of them in any botanical garden. Various cacti, species, photos with names can be viewed in different botanical catalogs.
Peyote (Peyote: Lophophora williamsii)
This type of plant considers hallucinogenic. It is called the mescaline peyote. In the picture, it is clear that it is very small in size. Most often it grows on the gravel roads. There are no needles and spines on it. It contains hallucinogenic alkaloids. It contains the most mescaline. The top has a round flattened shape, it is divided into 5−10 equal parts.
The plant is completely unpretentious, and grow it easily. The soil does not require special composition. Watering is extremely rare. Feels lonely both in a tropical climate and in others. Very often it is used in magical rituals and not only.
Types and varieties of home cacti with names and descriptions, care (100+ Photos): blooming, with leaves and without thorns + Reviews
Cacti are excellent pets for home cultivation. Few of the plants can boast such a successful combination of a variety of colors and shapes with ease of care and unpretentious conditions. Cacti are able to give their owner thousands of unforgettable hours of interesting and fruitful hobby, with which in the plant world there is little that can be compared. We have tried to collect for you useful and interesting information on this issue. If you do not agree with these estimates, leave your rating in the comments with the arguments of your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users.
What are the types of cacti: names with descriptions and photos
Aporocactus - forest cacti
Aporokaktus pleytepidny, cactus snake, cactus rat tail.
Cacti often succeed in crossing species that have completely different forms of growth. A good example of this is the beautiful hybrid aporocactus. Already in 1830, the English gardener Mullison crossed A. flagelliformis with a growing vertically heliocereus (Heliocereus). As a result, an intergeneric hybrid with bright red flowers with a diameter of 10–15 cm, known as Aporocactus mallisoni, was obtained. In the fifties, the German breeder from Nuremberg, Grezer, succeeded in obtaining an intergeneric hybrid between A. flagelliformis and Trichocereus candicans, which attracted everyone’s attention. Recently, work on the hybridization of aporocactus has been carried out primarily in the UK, where they are crossed with hybrid phyllocactus (Epiphyllum hybr.). As a result, both smaller and larger plants with wilted or curved shoots and very beautiful flowers of various varieties - so far there is not only a pure yellow color - are obtained. Look at these types of home cacti in the photo - the names and descriptions will help distinguish plant varieties:
Types of blooming cacti with names and photos
Astrophytum Capricorn (Astrophytum capricorne).
The species is characterized by matted, long, brown spines and large yellow flowers with a red throat. It tolerates lower winter temperatures than other astrophitums.
Astrophytum speckled, "bishop's miter" (Astrophytum myriostigma).
Bishop Miter is one of the few cacti completely devoid of thorns. There are forms with white felt flecks and without them, as well as with a different number of ribs, interesting looking square plants with four ribs. Relatively small plants are able to bloom.
Decorated Astrophytum (Astrophytum ornatum).
Compared with Astrophytum capricorne, this species has felt flecks most often in the form of stripes, and the spines are straight. In its homeland, Astrophytum ornatum reaches a height of 1 m. Plants bloom only in adulthood. Felted specks and yellow-brown spines add special decorativeness to this cactus.
Back in the 19th century, Abbot Begwain received the first astrophytum hybrid. Crossing different types of astrophytum allowed us to get a lot of more or less speckled and prickly plants with varying degrees of severity of the ribs.
Browningia (Browningia hertlingiana).
Due to the beautiful blue wax on the stems, young specimens of this large South American columnar cactus can be found in the collections of amateurs. Blue wax deposit is formed on the stems only at warm and light content and only in cacti not higher than 10-15 cm in height. It is necessary to water the plants moderately and spray them with water. Look at these types of home cactus in the photo, from which we look at the majestic and amazing succulents:
Cephalotsereus - types of fluffy cacti
Cephalocereus senile, "old man's head" (Cephalocereus senilis).
Due to its typical white hairy pubescence, young specimens of this large columnar cactus are often kept by amateurs in their collections. Cephalotsereus must be kept in a bright and warm place in a well-permeable substrate and must be watered very moderately.
Cereus Peruvian (Cereus peruvianus).
Sometimes in large greenhouses, and in the Mediterranean in the botanical gardens or gardens at hotels you can see tall, up to 4 m high columns of Cereus, which are abundantly blooming there with large, yellowish-white, undressed flowers. If we do not take into account the seedlings grown from seed mixtures, then we mostly cultivate the ugly form of the Peruvian cereus. At the beginning of the century, the Peruvian Cereus was present in almost every collection of cacti, but today this cactus is not commercially available, although it grows well when conditions are suitable for it. Care must be taken to prevent insect pests such as a mealybug in the folds and branches of the stem. Look at these types of cacti in the photo with the names of home grown specimens:
Kleistokaktus - rare species of large cacti
Kleistokaktus Ritter (Cleistocactus ritteri).
Due to its white prickles and yellow-green flowers between 40 cm tall and abundantly appearing in plants between long, white hairs, a rare species of cactus is of interest and is cultivated with pleasure by amateurs.
Kleistokaktus emerald (Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus).
This species has red flowers with a green border. The plant begins to bloom after reaching a height of about 25 cm. In winter, the cactus must be kept in not too cool and not too dry conditions.
Strauss cleistocactus (Cleistocactus strausii).
These cacti densely covered with white spines and hairs are well known to lovers.
Korifanta - types of small cacti and succulents with pictures
Cacti of the genus Echinocereus (Echinocereus) are especially popular among fans because of their often beautiful, decorative spines. In addition, large, spike-covered, with most often green stigma, flowers do not fade for many days. Cultivation conditions of Echinocereus vary in accordance with the area of their distribution in natural conditions. All Echinocereis love winter warm and sunny content. Some species grow very large, others grow well only in greenhouses. However, there are also species that can be successfully grown on sunny windows or in a greenhouse. Some species in the warm season are taken out on the street, placing in a sunny place. The substrate for Echinocereus should be predominantly mineral and contain a lot of weathered clay and coarse sand. In the spring of adult flowering plants should begin to water only after the flower buds become well visible, because otherwise they suspend their development. During the growing season at the beginning of summer, the cacti are watered abundantly, and the rest of the time they are watered rather moderately. In winter, plants should be kept dry and, if possible, in a bright place. With absolutely dry content, some species, such as E. pectinatus, E. reichenbachii, E. triglochidiatus or E. viridiflorus, tolerate short-term light night frost.
Echinocereus Knippel (Echinocereus knippelianus).
This small Echinocereus, which has very flat ribs and often no thorns at all, has a thick, knoblike root and, when cultivated on its roots, requires special attention when watering. Plants are often sold grafted on other cacti, in which case they grow faster and bloom profusely in early spring with beautiful pink flowers. This practically spiny-free cactus must be very carefully taught in the spring to the sun, after which it also carries a sunny location.
Echinocereus comb (Echinocereus pectinatus).
This species - at the same time being a representative of a whole group of closely related cacti - is popular with amateurs due to its comb-arranged spines, the color of which can sometimes vary in growth areas, and most often with its carmine-red flowers with light or white-green center. These plants have a rather delicate root system, prefer the mineral substrate and love a lot of sun. Grows well mainly in greenhouses or a suitable greenhouse, but you can try to grow plants grafted on low rootstocks also on a southern window-sill or in a closed flower window on the south side.
Echinofossuklokaktus curly (Echinofossulocactus crispatus).
In Echinofossulocacti, it is very difficult to establish the boundary between individual species. Currently, a number of beautiful forms combined under the name Echinofossulocactus crispatus. It is very interesting to observe how white flowers with a wide light or dark purple stripe in the center of the petals make their way at the top of the head through a maze of thick, long and sometimes widely flattened central spines.
Under this name today are combined a lot of slightly different forms. Plants come from mountainous areas and are very hardy, but in early spring they are quite susceptible to sunburn. The spines are stiff and bent towards the stem. Due to turnip roots, it is recommended to use not very flat pots and a well-permeable substrate. The flowers in the original species are white, but there are forms with flowers ranging from pink and soft purple to dark red. In comparison with the stem, the flowers are long and large and with their bent narrow outer petals look beautifully shaped.
This columnar cactus of impressive size in its homeland prefers even conditions and not very cool content in winter. It appears in full brilliance only when cultivated in a greenhouse. However, due to its beautiful white woolly pubescence, young Espano plants are grown by amateurs also on bright windows. Plants can not be sprayed with water, because otherwise the white hairs may appear ugly lime paint.
This columnar cactus is also more suitable for cultivation in greenhouses, but young Evlynnia plants with their decorative spines and sometimes white felt or shaggy hairs areola are also grown in small collections.
These cacti in their homeland often grow into huge balls. However, young plants attract lovers with their powerful, often beautifully colored, flattened or hooked central prickles, which in young plants seem particularly large. Recently, exhibition specimens with a diameter of 30 cm with well-developed thorns, especially those of the species Ferocactus latispinus and F. wislizenii, began to arrive in Germany grown in flower farms in Tenerife. which are great for keeping closed, south-facing) ’floral windows. Ferocactus like a lot of heat and sun. As mentioned above in the description of Gruzhon's Echinocactus (Echinocactus grusonii), the temperature in winter should not fall below 12 ° C, and besides, plants like their feet to be “warm”.
The overwhelming majority of hymnocalyciums are easily recognized by their lumpy ribs, which have horizontal folds between the areoles. Also very typical are flowers bearing outside large, round and bare scales. Accordingly, the extended area of distribution in natural conditions, hymnocalycium impose different requirements in culture. However, most of them need containing humus, but at the same time a well-permeable soil mixture, which should have a slightly acidic reaction, hymnocaliciums are sensitive to an alkaline substrate. Therefore, it is necessary to water these cacti with soft or slightly acidified water. Most often they have few spines and seemingly green hymnocalyciums prefer a bright but not sunny location. Of the many cultivated species, amateurs with limited abilities to host a collection of cacti prefer the remaining small hymnocalyciums. The following types are suitable for growing in a room on the window.
Mikhanovich Gymnocalycium is a kind of Friedrich (Gymnocalycium michanovichii var. friedrichii rubra).
When mass seeding G. michanovichii var. friedrichii in some seedlings a mutation happened. Chlorophyll was completely absent in their tissues, so that only a pure red color remained from the red-green color of the stem. The Japanese flower growers seized the opportunity presented to them and successfully planted these seedlings on the stock, since they would not be viable without their own chlorophyll. As a result of the subsequent selection work, forms with bright red, yellow and crimson color of the stem were obtained from them. All these forms do not have chlorophyll, so they can only be cultivated in a grafted state. Sometimes these plants even bloom. Since quite often there is a contradiction between the slow growth of G. michanovichii and the rapid growth of the rootstock, these plants are not very durable. It is recommended to keep the content with regular watering and bright, however, shade from direct sunlight.
This columnar cactus blooms, as a rule, only in greenhouses. However, thanks to their attractive, sometimes fiery red, yellow or dark brown spines, young plants are also popular in small collections with amateurs. Haageotsereusi prefer a well-permeable substrate and a warm sunny location. After a short summer dormancy, the plants resume growth in the fall, and therefore, unlike most other cacti, they need regular watering at this time. These cacti should winter at a temperature of 10-15 ° C.
Flowers Hildevintera with the inner circle of short light petals can hardly be confused with the flowers of other cacti. Kaktusovody foamed this species for its golden-yellow, densely covering spines of thorns and abundant flowering. Thanks to its drooping shoots, this cactus is suitable for growing as an ampelous plant.
Types of cacti amillaria (with photo)
Mummillaria Bokasskaya (Marnmillaria bocasana).
Thanks to its thick white tomentose pubescence, an interesting looking species, each areola has one distance, with a hook at the top, a central thorn. The long red fruits are more beautiful than the small nondescript cream flowers. The plant is quite sensitive to excess water, a well-permeable substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
The magnificence of this plant is due to not rather inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers, but colored in various tones from light to dark yellow, reddish or brown spines. Due to the abundant branching forms large decorative groups of elongated shoots as thick as a finger. Recommended sunny location, well-permeable substrate and moderate watering.
Mammillaria dlinnososochkovaya (Marnmillaria longimamma).
A distinctive feature of this species are unusually long nipples and bright yellow, relatively large flowers. Purely cut and sufficiently dried nipples can root and form thus new plants.
Currently, under this name a whole group of slightly different forms is combined, the most famous of which is still often called M. centricirrha. In any case, all forms contain milky juice. In this case, we are talking about the typical representatives of the so-called “green mammillaria, which with age form large and often very beautiful clumps with a striking contrast between the green stems, white felted hairs in the papilla sinuses and red flowers. Plants must be kept in a bright place, otherwise the thorns do not develop well.
This species also has hooked spines, however, unlike M. bocasana, the sinuses between the papillae are bare. Уже молодые небольшие растения обильно цветут фиолетово-красными, реже белыми цветками. Цветущие экземпляры в огромных количествах ежегодно поступают в продажу накануне Дня матери. Растение дает отпрыски и с годами образует большие куртины.It prefers flat wide pots and a well-permeable substrate containing a sufficient amount of sand. Look at the types of cacti of the amillaria in the photo and the above descriptions will acquire the characteristic visual outlines:
Thick, twisted spines vary in color from creamy white to dark brown. In carmine-red, inside the yellow flowers, even after full blooming, the inner petals remain folded together. Flowers appear in late autumn or early spring. A highly permeable, preferably mineral substrate and moderate watering is recommended.
This species is also distinguished by its variability. Plants with green-blue stems and black spines on their crown at the point of new growth are especially appreciated. Pale reddish-white flowers bloom completely.
Types of flat cactus prickly pears (with photos)
Prickly pear small hair (Opuntia microdasys).
This species is still quite common in the sale. Due to the very short, hairy spines, the segmented stems appear covered with small pads. There are forms with white, yellow, reddish and brown spines. Types of tephrocactus (Tephrocactus) subgenus originating from the high Andes of the Andes can be cultivated in greenhouses (group 4). Some frost resistant prickly pears in vineyards with good drainage can also be grown in rocky gardens in the open field. Look at the prickly pear cactus in the photo, which in combination with the descriptions will allow you to create a completely correct picture:
Oreocereus - types of cacti without thorns: names and photos
Oreocereus Troll (Oreocereus trollii).
This cactus is densely shrouded in white hairs. The central flowers making their way through the hairy cover vary from yellow to reddish.
Cactus species parody
The distinguishing features of these frequently sold plants are powerful yellow spikes with a hook at the end and yellow flowers.
Parody of Schwabs (Parodia schwebsiana).
This, like many parodies, takes the plant with a short-columnar shape with age and is distinguished by its white-topped tip, which is decorated with more and more new groups of red flowers for several weeks.
Pilosocereus (Pilosocereus palmeri).
This columnar-shaped cactus covered with a blue wax bloom at a height of about 50 cm in the areola has long decorative hairy bunches that form a kind of a hairy cap, pseudocephaly, at the top of the stem. Only under favorable conditions and when a plant reaches a certain age, red-brown flowers appear from this hairy cap. (When cultivated in greenhouses, the species blooms easily.) Look at these types of cacti without thorns - their photos and names will allow you to make the right choice of plants for your home:
Thanks to the beautiful prickles justifying the Latin name of the plant “sun-shaped”, and the elegant orange flowers, this species looks very attractive. In terms of culture, thanks to offspring at the base of the stem forms whole curtains. Sometimes in the middle of summer plants have a summer period of rest, during which they should be watered very moderately. Breeding from offspring ("babies") is easy, but in this case, the plants often do not have a turn shaped root. Graft plants often give the impression of being overfed.
Rebution dwarf (Rebutia pygmaea).
This species belongs to the group of rebuses having short-cylindrical stems and forming clumps due to the large number of offspring. The plant has a turnip root, therefore it is recommended to use a well-permeable substrate for cultivation.
Ripsalis - types of cacti with leaves
Schlumberger (Zygocactus) x Schlumbergera truncata "Christmas" cactus.
Like the “Easter” cactus, the stems of this plant consist of leaf-like flattened, short segments. Along with the natural, blooming red flowers form, there are currently magnificent varieties with flowers of various colors: from white and pink to yellow and red-violet. The flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds and, unlike the flowers of “Easter” cacti, have a zygomorphic structure. The flowering time falls on the Christmas holidays, because the tab flower buds occurs with a decrease in the length of daylight. Schlumbergers are grown in the same way as ripsalidopsis and ripsalis in a light, slightly acidic and well permeable substrate. Plants prefer a bright, but not sunny location. In the summer, these cacti are kept in their usual place in the room or taken out onto the street and placed in a light shade under a tree. In the latter case, you need to take care of protecting plants from snails. The light dormancy period from mid-September to mid-November with a decrease in watering along with a short daylight hours contributes to the formation of flower buds. After the appearance of buds, plants cannot be rearranged and rotated, they should be regularly moistened and kept in warm conditions, since otherwise dropping of buds is observed. Along with the plants growing on its roots, there are also graft forms implanted on the peireskia or selenitsereus (Selenicereus).
Selenicereus grandiflorus Selenicereus grandiflora, "The Queen of the Night."
These large cacti have thin, serpentine, creeping or climbing climbing shoots. They are especially popular cacti, although they are grown only by very few cacti-growers. However, the plant, which simultaneously blooms a lot of gorgeous flowers with a diameter of up to 25 cm, is an unforgettable sight. Flowers open with the onset of the evening and remain open for only a few hours. In the morning they fade. The plant is cultivated in a large pot or flower tub containing mostly humus, however, despite this, it is a well-permeable substrate. Regular fertilizer fertilization is a prerequisite for strong growth and abundant flowering. Shoots tied to a strong support. Plants prefer a warm and bright, but not very sunny location. In winter, they must be maintained at a temperature not lower than 15 ° C and keep the substrate slightly moist.
Setehinopsis (Setiechinopsis mirabilis)
Upon reaching a height of only 10 cm, the plant develops more and more new groups of its elegant white flowers that bloom at night. Many seeds are formed as a result of selfing.
Stetsonium Stetsonia coryne.
Seeds of this species growing in their homeland in the form of a tree-like cactus are often found in mixtures of cactus seeds. Young plants with a columnar bluish-green stem and long black spines look extremely attractive. V-shaped fruits are formed above the areolae. Stetsonias should be cultivated in warm conditions, even in winter the temperature should not fall below 15 ° C. Plants require moderate watering.
Compared to a similar Rebutia genus, sulcorebutinas have narrow linear areoles and comb-shaped hard spines. The flowers outside are quite large, wide scales. The genus was isolated only in 1951, and then only one species was known. Thanks to numerous scientific expeditions and travels to collect new species, so many attractive plants were found that it almost made sulkorebution one of the most popular cacti. True, due to the confusion with collection numbers, names and varieties, it is now very difficult to navigate among plants of this genus; however, apart from taxonomic problems, sulkorebution are the remaining spherical small cacti with beautiful spines and numerous attractive flowers of various bright colors.
Almost all species vary in relation to the color of the spines and flowers, and most form numerous offspring. Sulkorebutsii, as lobivii and rebution, should be maintained in sufficiently "Spartan" conditions. They require a bright, but not hot place.
Considerable difference in day and night, as well as summer and winter temperatures is desirable. Sulkorebutsii grow poorly in the constantly well-heated living rooms, but they are excellently developed in regularly ventilated greenhouses or on a weatherproof outside sill. Wintering should be cool and dry.
The genus includes spherical or slightly elongated cacti, both with ribbed and papillary stems. Typical of the genus is that the flowers appear at the end of a short groove at the very top of the stem. Many lovers especially appreciate the telokaktus for their powerful, sometimes variegated spines and large flowers. Telokaktus prefer predominantly mineral substrate and during the growing season should be kept in a sunny and warm place. In winter, they can be kept in cool and completely dry conditions. They are suitable cacti for cultivation on a closed sunny flower window.
This large columnar cactus has stamens located in the form of a stepped wreath, like representatives of the genera Echinopsis and Lobivia. Many trichocereuses bloom only in greenhouse conditions, however young specimens are happy to be kept by amateurs and in small collections thanks to their attractive spines. The remaining small species also bloom only under favorable cultivation conditions. Trichocereis need nutrient, well-permeable soil and regular abundant fertilizing with fertilizer. In the summer, the plants are kept in the sun and warm, in the winter - dry and cool.
This species is popular for its spectacular long spines. White flowers appear only on plants above one meter in height.
There are hybrids obtained by crossing such trichocereses such as T. thelegonus, T. candicans or T. grandiflorus with various echinopsis. These hybrids have large, bright and well-shaped flowers. Hybrid trichocereus require a warm, sunny content and good feeding.
These small spherical cacti with paper-like, hairy or feathery spines are becoming increasingly popular among fans. Even in a small room, you can collect the whole of their collection, usually very small plants still bloom profusely. In their homeland, turbinic arps have to exist in difficult conditions. Plants are characterized by slow growth and in culture should not cause their more rapid development. These cacti have turnip roots, therefore a well-permeable mineral substrate is recommended for their cultivation. Plants are planted in small, but high pots or planted in large quantities in a larger pot. Turbinicarpus are watered moderately even during the growing season, they can be drawn out if they are watered excessively. In the summer, the plants are kept in a warm and bright place, but not in the bright sun. The perfect wintering is dry and cool. In places of natural growth plants are often very rare and therefore protected by law. However, seed reproduction in culture is easy and does not pose any problems.
This species is very popular due to its white feathery spines and purple-red flowers blooming in early spring. Already in winter, buds in the form of small black dots are clearly visible on the top of the cactus.