Homeland of this culture is the northern part of America. Well thuja grows in shady areas, in clay-sandy soil, with enough moisture for the root system. Thuja maximum reaches 20 meters in height. On average, a tree can live up to 1000 years. The tree propagates by rooting cuttings.
Thuja is the most common and most modern tree in Russian gardens. This tree is coniferous, it was brought from America to Europe in the 16th century, from which this culture later appeared in our countries.
Many years ago, the Indians began to use this culture to build a boat (canoe). They took this particular tree, because its wood does not rot. Thuja bark used to make medicinal tea.
The plant has become popular and high content of essential oils in the leaves. These oils are now used to make perfume. In medicine, oils are also used. It has been revealed that they are very useful for human heart activity, improve the functioning of the central nervous system.
Thuja tree is perfect for decorative haircuts. You can make any shape out of it, which will make the garden of a private house quite original and interesting. And the alley of trees trimmed with a bizarre shape in the park will not force anyone to pass by.
Thuja is a fairly undemanding tree, it used to grow exclusively near the river or swamps.
Characteristics of western thuya
In height of a thuja the maximum of 20 meters grows. The diameter of the upper part of the plant reaches 5 meters. In young trees, the crown is pyramid-shaped, in older trees the crown is ovoid, red, sometimes brownish in color. More mature trees can be easily identified, since they have pronounced stripes located along the entire length of the wood. The needles of a tree in the form of scales, a dark green color, takes a brown shade in winter, fall off after about 3 years. Thuja's shoots are dark at the top and light ones below.
Thuja fruits are cones. They grow small, a maximum of 12 mm, resemble the shape of an egg. Inside the bud there are 2 seeds, oblate, yellow. Every year thuja can grow up to 30 cm in height, and up to 10 cm in width.
Thuja wood has a red color, it is strong enough, but at the same time soft. There are no tar channels, it has a pleasant aroma. Roots are compact, do not grow.
Thuja is a sun-loving culture. But the shadow of the tree carries too easily. For Tui, clay soil is very well suited, but in loose soil, where the sand content is large enough, it grows well, only regular feeding is needed. It can also grow on soil with a lot of moisture. The tree is considered not picky at all. More mature specimens calmly endure both frost and drought. In urban conditions, the tree also grows well.
Thuja can be a beautiful decor in the courtyard of a private house. Can be planted in a group, or singly.
Another advantage of such a beautiful tree is phytoncide. This is a phenomenon in which the thuja produces certain substances. Thanks to this process, the plant brings not only beauty in the garden, but also beneficial properties for humans, the immunity is strengthened, and the general state of health improves. In some European countries, thuyas are planted in tuberculosis dispensaries, and this is done at the legislative level.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 4. Care
- 4.1. How to grow
- 4.2. Transfer
- 4.3. Diseases and pests
- 5. Trimming
- 6. Reproduction
- 6.1. Seed propagation
- 6.2. Cuttings
- 7. Grades
- 8. Application in landscape design
Planting and caring for western thuja (in short)
- Landing: in the spring, before the start of sap flow.
- Lighting: bright sunlight or partial shade.
- The soil: moderately wet, permeable soils.
- Watering: the first month after planting, the seedlings should be watered every week, spending up to 10 liters of water for each plant, and up to 15-20 liters per drought. In addition, once a week, in the evening, the crowns of seedlings should be sprayed or irrigated from a watering can with a shower head with cold water at a rate of 15-20 liters per seedling, and in dry and hot weather, sprinkling is carried out twice a week.
- Top dressing: spring of complex mineral fertilizer.
- Trimming: the thuja does not need a formative pruning, because in the process of growth its crown itself takes on a corresponding geometric shape. Sanitary cleaning is carried out in early spring, summer and autumn, choosing for this an overcast day.
- Reproduction: seeds and lignified cuttings.
- Pests: Tuevaya Aphid, Tuevskaya pseudohraschiki and moths.
- Diseases: tracheomycosis, Fusarium, browning shoots.
Planting thuya western
Thuja western is absolutely unpretentious and can grow both on the sun, and in a penumbra. Undemanding plant and to the composition of the soil, it tolerates even a close location of groundwater, but on dry soils the thuja needles of the West fade, the crown becomes rare, and the plant forms too many cones.
Planting thuya western and care for it will not seem difficult. When placing seedlings in the area, keep between them at least 3 m interval, first of all it concerns tall forms. In a hedge with a two-row landing, the distance between the thuja should be 50-70 cm, and with a single row - 40-50.
Planting of a thuja is carried out in the spring. The pits for this plant do not have to be prepared in advance. The depth of the pit should be from 60 to 100 cm. A layer of drainage from broken brick 20 cm thick is laid on its bottom, and then a half-depth hole is filled with a previously prepared soil mixture consisting of humus (3 parts), leafy ground (2 parts), peat (1 part) and sand (2 parts) with the addition of 100-120 g of nitroammofoski.
The root system of the seedling before planting must be held in a container with water so that the roots are saturated with moisture. Then the seedling is set in the center of the pit and fill the remaining space with the same nutrient soil. The surface around the plant is stamped and watered abundantly. The root neck of the seedling should be flush with the surface. As soon as water is absorbed, the trunk circle is mulched with peat, humus or other organic material.
How to grow thuja western.
The first month after planting the thuja is watered weekly, consuming 10 l of water at a time. The young plant also needs weekly irrigation of the crown from a watering can with a shower head, which is carried out after sunset. Water consumption per shower procedure - 15-20 l. During the dry period, the amount of water during irrigation increases to 15-20 liters per plant, and sprinkling is carried out twice a week. After watering, the soil around the tui is loosened to a depth of 10 cm.
Feed the young plants in the spring of the first two years with complex mineral fertilizer.
Older plants require little maintenance.
Tyuyu Western need to be protected from spring burns. For this, in late autumn, its trunk is covered with lutrasil or sacking, and so that heavy snowfall does not damage the branches of the tree, they are tied with a synthetic rope or twine. Young trees completely cover for the winter with spunbond or lutrasil.
Thuya western transplant.
Due to the fact that the thuja's root system is superficial, it tolerates transplantation quite easily. In areas where the groundwater lies shallow, it is better to replant the western water in September, otherwise it can be done in the springtime. Transplantation is performed in the same sequence as the initial planting: a pit is prepared taking into account the size of the root system of the transplanted plant, a drainage is laid in it, the soil mix is prepared. After that, the thuja is dug out around the perimeter, departing 40-50 cm from the trunk, dragging it onto dense polyethylene to a new place, treating the root system with a root-forming agent (Root) and planting.
The first time after a thuja transplantation, the western one needs frequent watering and obligatory sun protection.
Diseases and pests of western thuja.
Most often, the western thuja turn brown or dry shoots and branches. These diseases cause fungal infections.
Brown shoots: in early spring, individual scales or needles turn yellow on the plant, and later the whole shoot turns brown and dies. Such shoots must be removed immediately, and every two weeks from July to October, treated with a two percent solution of Fundazole.
Shrinking shoots: this phenomenon can have two causes: root blockage and fusarium, or tracheomycosis, caused by soil fungi. First, the leaves turn yellow and fall on the plant, the young growth grows brown, and after it the top of adult shoots, and this indicates that the nutrients have ceased to flow from the roots to the crown. If the nature of the phenomenon is fungal, thuja western and the soil around it should be treated with a 2% Fundazol or a preparation of a similar effect: Cartocide, Abig-Peak, HOM. At the same time, the resistance of the plant to fungal infections should be increased by treatment with Zircon. As a preventive measure, use regular processing of thuja from spring to autumn with Zineb or copper-containing preparations.
Among the pests, thuja aphids, thuja podschitovki and moths are dangerous for the western thuja.
Moth motley about 4 mm in size, but from its malicious activity the thuja scales turn brown and the tops of the shoots die. Moth larvae gnaw through tiny passages in the needles, from which the plant begins to wilt. In order to prevent the settlement of butterflies, it is necessary to treat the plant with pyrethroids, Cypermethrinum or its isomers, twice a week with an interval of a week.
Tuevaya aphid feeds on the juice of the needles, making the scales turn yellow and fall off, and the decorative effect of the plant decreases sharply. Destroy the aphids by processing the thuja karbofos, and, most likely, that one spraying will not be enough.
Shatter-pan It also causes great harm to the thuja, appearing on the plant in May and June. In one laying of this insect may be more than a thousand eggs. The larvae begin to destroy the thuja needles already in July: at the place of their habitat the needles take a chlorotic appearance. To protect the western thug from lozhnoshchovok, it is treated with drugs Aktellik, Rogor, Antio or Karbofos before blooming in the kidneys in summer, in late June or early July.
Trimming thuja western
Western thuja is not at all afraid of pruning, but you should know a few simple rules that will help you keep the plant in its best shape. The crown of each of the decorative varieties of thuja in the process of growth takes a certain geometric shape: there is a thuja western spherical, there is a pyramidal, ovoid and columnar. On this basis, there is no particular need for the formation of a tree, unless you decide to give the thuja an unusual shape for the species. However, sanitary cleaning of the crown should be done in any case. What are the rules for trimming western thuja?
You can cut the plant in early spring, summer and autumn in cloudy weather, as the sun's rays dry up the needles damaged by cutting.
Any pruning, including formative, necessarily begin with the removal of diseased and dried branches, after which the plant must be treated with a fungicide.
Cuts on the branches of the western thuja are not necessary to process garden pitch.
Reproduction of western thuja
The thuja western breeds seeds and vegetatively. Seed propagation is possible only for species plants, and the forms and varieties with this method do not retain the properties of the parent plants. In addition, this is a complex and lengthy process, calculated for 3-5 years, but if there are enthusiastic breeders among the readers, we are ready to share the technology of generative cultivation of Tui western.
Seed propagation of western thuja.
Extracted from freshly harvested and dried cones, thuja seeds are sown in the ground before winter, so that they undergo a natural stratification in cold soil. To do this, a wooden box is filled with a wet mixture of garden or sod land (1 part), peat (2 parts) and sand (partly), level the surface, make grooves with an interval of 5-6 cm in which to sow the seeds. The seeding depth is 1 cm. After sowing, the surface is compacted and sprayed with a spray bottle. The box is placed in the shade of trees and covered with lutrasil from animals, but care must be taken to ensure that the shelter does not touch the soil in the box.
The first shoots of western thuja will appear in spring, 2-3 weeks after the earth warms up to 10-15 ºC. Note that the needles in seedlings are needle-like, not scaly, like in adult plants. Twice a month, feed the seedlings with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer, and when the box becomes cramped, plant seedlings on the school bed, located in partial shade. In the soil on the garden bed, you must first make a bucket of humus, 250 g of wood ash and 40 g of Nitroammofoski per 1 m². Seedlings are transplanted according to the 30x30 cm scheme. The root neck should be at the surface level. After planting, water the garden bed and grind the surface with organic material. Continue to water and feed the seedlings with the same regularity, loosen the soil around them, and in the third year, when the young Tui have reached 50 cm in height, they can be planted in a permanent place.
Western thuja varieties
Numerous decorative forms of western thuja are divided into five groups:
- - Group A: Tui ordinary height for the species with green needles, which in winter sometimes becomes brown. To this group belong arborvitae columnar shape (Columna Filiformis, Pendula, Fastigiata, she stricta, and Malonyana) arborvitae dissolutely-gnarled (Bodmer, Douglas, and Spiralis Piramidalis) and thuja singular forms, for example, narrow or shirokokeglevidnye (Gracilis , Indomitble, Smaragd, Getz Wintergrin),
- - Group B: Thuja dwarf with green scaly needles. This group includes, in particular, Tui with an egg-shaped and round crown (Danica, Globoza, Goetz, Little Champion, Rekurva Nana, Little Jem, Midget, Dumosa), the Tui whose crown becomes bowling only with age (Tyni Tim, Thuya Woodward, Umbrakulifera ) and Tui with the initially bow-shaped form of the crown (Holmstrup, Thuya Rosenthal),
- - Group B: Tui with motley scaly needles. For example, thuja with yellow needles (Klose of Gold, Golden Globe, Lutea, Lutea Nana, Sanikist, Vareana Lutescens, Semperaurea, Yuarep Gold) and Tui with variegated white needles (Meinekes Tsverg),
- - group G: forms with both scaly and needle needles (Ellwan gerian, Ellvan Aurea, Reingold),
- - Group D: a needle with needles (Erikoides, Thule Olendorf).
We offer you the western thuja varieties most often grown in culture:
- – thuja western Smaragd - a squat plant of Danish selection up to 2 m high with a cone-shaped form and weak branching. The shoots of the plant are located vertically, and glossy, green, and in winter and summer, the branches are far from each other. Decorative plant high,
- – thuja western Brabant - tree with a height of 15 to 21 m with a conical crown with a diameter of 3-4 m. The bark of the plant is grayish-brown or reddish, exfoliating from the trunk. Cones are oblong-ovate, brown. The needles are scaly, green, keeping coloring even in the winter,
- – thuja western bowling ball - dwarf plant with almost spherical crown. The needles of this form are soft, scaly, filiform, dark green in summer, in winter with a slight bronze tint,
- – thuja western Danika - also a dwarf variety, bred in 1948 in Denmark. The plant reaches a height of 60 cm, and the diameter of the spherical crown is 1 m. The bark of Danika is flaky, gray-brown or reddish, the needles are scaly, soft, thick, shiny, green, and in winter with a brownish shade,
- – thuja western Aurea - small or medium-sized plant with golden-green needles, sometimes bush-shaped. The crown of this variety is in the shape of a wide cone,
- – thuja western woodward - a plant with a height of 1.5 to 2.5 m with a spherical crown with a diameter of up to 5 m, which by old age becomes wide-round, and dark green at any time of the year, pine needles. In the culture of the variety since 1923,
- – thuja western Globoza (or Spherical) - plant height is 120 cm, rounded crown reaches 1 m in diameter. Densely located shoots are raised up, scaly needles with shiny pieces of iron are green or gray-green in summer, and brownish in winter,
- – thuja western Golden Globe - this is a mutation of Thuja Woodward with a rounded crown and yellow needles,
- – Thuja western Miriam - a variety of Danica, a slow-growing dwarf shrub with a spherical dense crown with a diameter of about 80 cm. The needles are scaly-shaped, yellow-green, bronze in winter, and again becoming yellowish in spring,
- – Thuja western Columna - slow-growing tree, reaching 10 m in height. Its crown is columnar, the bark is rough, red-brown, the needles are thick, scaly, shiny, dark green all year round,
- – thuja western Taini Tim - very beautiful, but slow-growing dwarf plant, bred in 1955. In height it reaches from 50 to 100 cm, and the diameter of the spherical crown is from 1 to 1.5 m. The bark of the plant is flaking, grayish-brown or reddish, the needles are scaly, dark green,
- – thuja western Kholmstrup - a variety obtained by Danish breeders in 1951. It is a shrub 3-4 m in height with a conical crown up to 1 m in diameter, reddish or grayish-brown flaking bark and thick scaly needles of green color,
- – thuja western teddy – новый сорт, быстро ставший популярным. Это медленнорастущий карликовый кустарник с подушковидной формой кроны и неколючей игольчатой хвоей темно-зеленого цвета, которая зимой становится бурой,
- – туя западная Еллоу Риббон – невысокое деревце с конической формой кроны. The needles on the shoots of the current year are bright yellow, almost orange, but gradually it becomes light green, and by the winter it takes on a bronze tint.
Western thuja: photos, names and description of species
To begin with, you can see the photos and descriptions of the western Tui whose native land is the eastern part of North America.
Western thuja in the photo
This lush tree is up to 20 m in height and 70 cm in diameter with a pyramidal crown. Cultivated everywhere - from the Black Sea coast to Arkhangelsk, from Siberia to the Far East.
In the western species of thuja, there is an oppositely located scale-like conifer, flattened flattened shoots and flaking bark. Plants are monoecious, that is, they have both male and female flowers. Men's - sit in the axils of the needles. They have stamens with 4 protruding anthers. Female spikelets are located on the tips of the branches. Each scale has 1-2 ovules, except for the top pair.
Look at the photo - this species of tui cones are small, up to 1 cm in length:
They have an elongated oval shape. Ripen in the year of flowering, open and fall. In June, the cones are green, and in October, when ripe, brown.
Seeds are flat, narrow-coated. When describing the western thuja, it is worth noting that its whole appearance, resembling a cypress, differs from other trees in dense and dense branching of a pyramidal crown, with shoots branching in the same plane.
Extremely cold-resistant plant, but when flooded in summer, the root system may suffer in winter, up to complete death. It prefers moderate humidity, but it also grows well on dry slopes with sandy loam soil. Very fond of fertile loam, where it grows extremely lush. Better than any other tree, tolerates drought. Almost does not suffer from damage by pests and diseases.
Thuja western tolerates a haircut and transplant, which should be done in early spring or in September - October.
She has a lot of decorative forms, varying greatly in growth, crown shapes and foliage.
Thuja western - a fragrant plant. Her plantings exude an unusually pleasant aroma of freshness, which indicates the rich content of phytoncides and other physiologically active substances. It was not by chance that during the heyday of homeopathy, thuja was leading as a means of combating skin diseases, cardiac and vascular ailments.
Traditional medicine also does not neglect raw materials from thuja. Healing are bark, leaves, fruits of thuja.
Thuja leaves contain essential oils with a characteristic strong camphor odor - a valuable raw material for the perfume industry. Preparations using thuja stimulate the immune and central nervous system and heart activity.
The role of the Tui as an air conditioner is indisputable. It not only cleans it of harmful substances, but also enriches them with useful, always remaining, even in the most polluted places, fresh, viable and decorative. This is because according to its biological requirements, thuja is a very unpretentious plant, but it deserves to be attentive to its biological needs.
Below is a description and a photo of Western species of thuja cultivated in the middle lane.
Tuya "Aurea" in the photo
"Aurea" - the collective name under which several forms with golden-yellow coloring disappear. A typical form is growing single-stem tree up to 2.5 m, with a pyramidal crown. The needles of this variety of western thuja are bright yellow, green in the shade. Most intensely colored from mid-summer to the onset of cold weather. It is well cut and shaped, suitable for molded hedges. Spectacular in single planting and as part of coniferous groups. Beautiful in combination with coniferous, contrasting in shape of the crown and color. Winter-hardy, resistant to weather adversity.
Thuja "Belokonchikovaya" ("Albospikata") in the photo
"Belokonchikovaya" ("Albospikata") - reaches a height of 2.5 m, the crown is wide-conic, with oblique ascending shoots. Needles of medium size, white-mottled at the ends. Particularly intense white color appears in the first half of summer, by the autumn it is somewhat discolored.
In some years, at high humidity and intense solar activity, trees look simply magical, as if illuminated from the inside. This variety of western species of thuja is completely winter-hardy, beautiful in single planting, and as part of coniferous groups and compositions. It is well cut and shaped, suitable for creating highly decorative fences.
Thuya "Smaragd" in the photo
"Emerald" - by the totality of qualities, the most demanded of the pyramidal forms. The crown is made up of short fan-shaped branches, densely adjacent and together constituting a narrow cone up to 3 m high, with a diameter of not more than 0.8 m. Advantages: bottom incoherency, persistent emerald color of scaly needles in all seasons, winter resistance, constantly tidy look. In the gardens is universal application.
As can be seen in the photo, this variety of western tui is beautiful both in a single planting, and as part of coniferous and coniferous-shrub groups, and in the alleys:
Pretty quickly reaches the decorative and optimal growth, while remaining attractive to old age.
Thuja "Globoza" in the photo
Globoza - the spherical shape, not losing its popularity, with a height of 1-1.2 m, in shading can stretch somewhat higher with a less dense crown. It has a dense, almost perfectly spherical crown, arising spontaneously without forming. The needles are medium in size, green in summer, slightly brownish in winter. A dense ball is formed by 5-7 years, after which it continues to grow in breadth and thicken to 18-20 years of age. Hardy and resistant. When describing this variety of western thuja, it should be noted that it looks good both alone and as part of coniferous groups.
Thuja "Globoza Nana" in the photo
Globoza Nana - one of the most decorative spherical thuy, not exceeding the growth of half a meter. Advantages: unpretentiousness to the conditions of growth, the unusual density of the crown in combination with a stable green color scaly needles.
Fits perfectly into a wide variety of compositions: traditional mixborders, coniferous-shrub groups, coniferous monosades. It is good in lower case landing in the form of borders of various density up to short-haired rectangular profile. Organic in rocky gardens of different styles: alpine slide, mountain slope, flat or landscape rock aquarium, Japanese garden, etc. Very desirable at all kinds of ceremonial places.
Thuja "Kristat" ("Comb") in the photo
Kristata ("Comb") - In adulthood, it has a wide pyramidal crown up to 3.5 m high. In describing this variety of this species of thuja, one should especially note its distinctive feature - small scaly dark green-gray-needles, gathered in dense flat, vertically standing branches resembling bird feathers.
In youth grows columnar, then somewhat distributed in breadth. It is frost-resistant. It is good singly, in groups and alleys, it is well cut, suitable for formed and natural hedges.
Thuja "Zolotoistokonchikovaya" in the photo
"Zolotoistokonchikovaya" - has a sparse wide-pyramidal crown up to 4 m high and up to 2 m wide at the base, formed by ascending straight branches. Young shoots are thick, light brown or yellowish. As the name of this species of thuja, its large needles have a thick golden color at the ends. It grows very quickly, reaching maximum sizes by the age of 15-20. Very stable and hardy.
In different years, the intensity of the color of the ends of the branches varies from light yellow to bright gold, then the tree is unusually spectacular. It is good in single planting, on the edges of groups of high coniferous and deciduous trees. From it unusually elegant molded hedges are obtained. Suitable for curly hairstyle.
Tui "Reinhold" in the photo
"Reinhold" - it is extremely attractive with unusual color of needles, most of the year is light-gold, in autumn it acquires a copper-yellow color, and in the spring - a pinkish tint.
The height of the plant is up to 1 m or a little more, the crown is spherical at first, with age somewhat shapeless, consisting of thin, densely woven shoots, but at the same time dense and compact. Needles of two types: at the ends of the shoots - small-flaked, in the crown - heather. Hardy and stable in culture.
The variety “Rheingold” of the western variety of tui is indispensable for creating coniferous groups and gardens, where it is perfectly combined with other conifers, both with vertical and sprawled crowns. Good next to the stones on the slopes in the Japanese garden.
Tui "Danica" in the photo
"Danica" - One of the most popular forms of Tui. It is appreciated for a dense spherical, slightly flattened crown, formed by many ascending flattened branches that are crowding each other. Height 0.6 m, with a width of up to 0.8 m. Hardy and unpretentious to the soil.
Pay attention to the photo - this western-thuja fits well into a wide variety of compositions involving ornamental shrubs, conifers and perennials:
"Teddy" - with an open location has an almost spherical crown with a height of about 30 cm. This is the smallest form of thuja with many virtues. Acicular needles, short, not prickly, dark green, completely not typical for thuja, brownish from autumn to spring. However, it never “burns” and does not lose its decorative effect.
Crohn thick, formed from an early age. Plants very quickly (by 5-6 years) reach mature sizes and remain well-dressed until old age.
Dwarf growth and unusual appearance of the plant opens the way to a variety of gardens and compositions from small rock garden and mixborder to coniferous gardens and groups with shrubs and trees. This variety of western species of thuja grows well in containers.
By dense planting of many plants, it is possible to create something like an evergreen coniferous lawn for sowing foregrounds, slopes, etc. He likes fertile loams, and grows poorly on dry sandy soils.
Thuja "Filiformis" in the photo
"Filiformis" (filamentous form) - original, completely unusual appearance for the thuja. The shoots of this thuja are long, cord-shaped, almost unbranched, arcuate to the periphery of the crown. Scaly needles, tight to sprigs, brown in winter. Crohn in youth thinned, with age very thick, rounded profile. This form of thuja shows winter hardiness, unpretentiousness, extraordinary appearance. It is very interesting singly on the lawn and as a tapeworm in small gardens, it goes well with vertically growing conifers.
Thuja "Elegance" on the photo
"Elegance" (the most elegant) - it has a dense, wide-conical crown about 4 m high, which it reaches only by 30–40 years of age.
The needles are fresh-green, scaly, the ends of the shoots have a whitish hue, which, in combination with a beautiful silhouette, gives the tree extraordinary spectacularity. By autumn, white color fades to yellowish, but the plant continues to be attractive. During the winter, the needles become somewhat discolored, and in the spring it becomes bright again.
Requires open location. Good singly, in groups, alleys. Desirable on all kinds of ceremonial places.
Tui "Elvanger Aurea" in the photo
Elvanger Aurea - has a slightly flat spherical crown with separate protruding shoots up to 70-90 cm high. Twigs are thin, the crown is thick. The needles are golden-colored, inside the crown is heather, scaly at the ends of the shoots, small. In certain periods of the year, it is very similar to the “Reinhold” form, but the color of the needles is more stable. During the summer, it is bright golden, slightly bronzed by autumn. Good in a variety of gardens and compositions. Very interesting in the coniferous groups.
Thuya "Erikoides" in the photo
Erikoides (heather) - a small tree about 1 m high, with an irregularly spherical, multi-crown, formed by numerous thin, sparse branches. Needles needle, 6-8 mm long, soft. In the summer it is two-colored: yellowish-green from above, dark green from below with a gray bloom, in winter it acquires a brownish-purple hue. Seed does not form, but it multiplies well by cuttings.
In adverse winters and spring can burn. It is very interesting in group compositions in the cushion of higher shrubs and trees, especially conifers, which contrast with it according to external data: spruce and Canadian spruce, pyramidal junipers and thuja, etc. Good large arrays on the slopes.
Tuya "Europe Gold" in the photo
Europa Gold - slow-growing shade-tolerant shrub, reaching a height of 4 m. Crohn dense, at first narrow pyramidal, with age becomes conical. As follows from the photo and description of this variety of western thuja, its needles are orange when blooming, golden-yellow in winter. It tolerates a haircut. Used in single and group plantings, hedges, suitable for creating alleys.
Thuja "Sunkist" in the photo
"Sunikist" - a tree with a height of 3-5 m, the diameter of the conical crown is 1.5-2 m. The needles are golden yellow. It grows very slowly, tolerates a haircut, light-requiring. Possible landing in groups and singly.
Thuja "Dumosa" in the photo
"Dumosa" - shrub form, its height and diameter within 1 m. Crohn flattened or slightly rounded. Used in heather gardens and rock gardens.
Thuja "Douglas Pyramidalis" in the photo
Douglas Pyramidalis - in appearance similar to cypress. Height is up to 15 m. Needles of marsh-green color. It is very shade-tolerant, but on the lower branches the needles dry early and partially fall down. This form of western thuja is suitable for hedges, in single and group plantings.
Thuja "Holmstrup" pictured
Holmstrup - shrub up to 4 m, diameter of a conical crown up to 1 m. The needles are scaly, dense, green. In some plants, needles in the fall and winter becomes brown, with a rusty tinge. Used in single and group plantings.
Here you can see photos of Western Tui varieties, which are described above:
Eastern thuja: names, photos and descriptions of varieties
Now you can see the photos, names and descriptions of varieties of the eastern variety of thujas.
Thuja east on a photo
Thuja east (or biota east) - Another type of thuja, common in landscaping along with the western.
This tree in nature up to 8 m in height, originates from China. Maybe shrub.
As can be seen in the photo, the eastern thuja has an ovoid crown, consisting of many flat plates, rising from the base of the trunk to the top:
On the back of flat scale-like needles there are resin glands, which distinguishes eastern thuja from western. The abundance of aromatic gum allowed the ancient people to call it an “life tree”, which in itself speaks of its extreme usefulness. When describing the properties of oriental thuja, it suffices to say that the essential oil contained in the thuja is used in homeopathy as a powerful heart remedy.
Thuja blooms in May, a monoecious plant. Cones in an immature state are fleshy, bluish-green. They ripen only in the 2nd year and then become dry, red-brown. Seeds are viable only in the lower and middle part of the cone. They are wingless and rather heavy.
There are many forms and varieties of Oriental thuja, among which are common columnar, spherical, golden. Along with street gardening, this plant is used as a greenhouse and indoor culture.
The following are the names, photos and descriptions of varieties of the eastern species of thujas.
Thuja "Aurea Varieregata" in the photo
"Aurea variegata" - variegated form with a spherical crown and golden needles.
Tui "Compact Ungeri" in the photo
"Compact Ungeri" - also spherical shape, but with white ends of shoots.
Thuja "Elegantus" on the photo
"Elegantus" - with a dense pyramidal crown, golden-yellow needles in spring and greenish-yellow in summer.
Thuja "Siboyadi" on the photo
"Siboyadi" - low-spherical shape with bright green needles.
Thuya "Nana" in the photo
"Nana" - densely branched dwarf shrub with distant leaves.
Thuja "Rosentalis compact" in the photo
Rosentalis Compact - dense shrub with ovate crown and golden-yellow needles.
Biota propagates by seeds, stem cuttings and grafting.
See photos of Oriental thuja varieties described above:
Growing conditions and care for western and eastern thuja in the country (with photos and video)
After reviewing the photo and description of the eastern and western thuja, it's time to learn about the cultivation of these plants and their reproduction.
Care for the western and eastern thujas is the same, and the methods of their reproduction are also. It is easy to grow a thuja, you need to take into account only some of the features of agricultural technology.
One of the conditions for the successful cultivation of thuy - the use of the desired soil. Trees grow best on powerful fertile structural loams. Sandy soils are less suitable, but they can be improved by adding clay and large doses of organic matter.
Despite relative shade tolerance, for a thuja in the middle lane and in more northern areas, completely open, protected from cold winds are preferable. When growing western and eastern thuy, uniform illumination on all sides contributes to the formation of the most decorative crown.
Thuja, unlike most coniferous crops, tolerates transplant well. In the first years, it grows slowly, followed by a period of more intensive growth, and again a slowdown of growth.
Как показано на фото, при уходе за туями, как и за всеми хвойными, главное — это полив:
Первый весенний полив проводят, когда почва прогреется и подсохнет. Его следует сочетать с опрыскиванием кроны водой. В течение весны и лета дают обильный полив, но не чаще 2-х раз в месяц.
При выращивании и уходе туя не любит обилия удобрений, которые могут ее даже погубить. Удобрений в первые два года после посадки вполне достаточно тех, что были даны в посадочную яму. Однако если почва бедная и при посадке удобрения не вносились, подкормки нужны, но большие дозы удобрений нежелательны, лучше их дробное внесение.
Young plants in the first year after planting in hot climates should always be pritenyat, for which use gauze, agryl or burlap. At the same time the material should not touch the branches. The most convenient is to have a lightweight folding frame, covered with cloth. The use of such a protective frame allows to reduce the number of sprays with water.
Mulching is also a necessary method of caring for a thuja in the country. Mulch (pine sawdust, peat, peat compost, humus) layer 5-8 cm poured into a tree trunk circle. When sprinkling, the mulch takes in moisture, creating a microclimate with high humidity. Periodically mulch loosened.
Thuja fashion is growing every year. They are well combined with many other conifers (junipers, spruces), with ornamental shrubs and perennials. Good in complex tree-shrub compositions, beautifully lining the edges of groups of tall trees.
The video “Cultivation of Thuja” shows all the main agrotechnical methods:
Reproduction of thuja seeds and cuttings (with video)
Thuja seeds propagated by cuttings. Gather the seeds in September-October, when the scales of the cones turn brown and begin to open slightly. But we must prevent their rash. The collected seeds are dried in a ventilated area. Sowing is done immediately after collection without preparation. For spring sowing, seeds are mixed with wet sand and sown when they are sown. When thuja breeding, the seeds should be sown in light or medium loamy soil.
The seedlings that appeared in the 2nd year dive into ridges in which they stay for 2-3 years. In winter, the soil in the beds is covered with fir branches, leaves, or lightly sprinkled with humus. In the spring, the shelter is removed gradually and plants immediately pritenyut.
After 2-3 years, seedlings are planted in a permanent place or rearing at a distance of 25x70 cm. The rearing lasts 4-5 years, after which the plants are ready for sale or transplant to another place. A clod of earth during transplantation must be kept. The throne crown, especially the western one, forms itself, but once in spring the branches extending beyond the limits of habitus are slightly shortened.
Garden forms of thuja multiply vegetatively in order to fully replicate their inherent decorative properties. The main way of thuja breeding is by green cuttings. They are cut or torn from the "heel" size of 5-8 cm. Duration of grafting different, from April to July.
The best survival rate in spring cuttings planted in a warm ridge or greenhouse (manure layer, a layer of sod land of 10-15 cm and a layer of large river sand 1-1.5 cm). Cuttings taken from young, well-developed plants. They are left in the beds for the winter, and in the spring, with well-branched roots, they are planted in shkolka, where they grow for 4-5 years. For the cultivation of large-sized thuy, another transplant for growing is useful. After that, it turns out a standard material for realization.
Watch the video "Thuja Reproduction", where it is shown how to grow this tree from seeds and cuttings:
Thuja western grade of Danika (Danica)
A delightful dwarf variety of Danish selection was obtained in 1948. An adult plant reaches a height of half a meter, develops slowly. Thick crown forms a perfectly rounded ball of dense green color. The wavy surface formed by fan-shaped sprigs placed in a vertical plane gives special charm to this tue. Bright summer needles, winter tends to grow brown. The tree is compact and great for planting in mixborders, for gardening rock arias.
Thuja western grade Fastygiata (Fastigiata)
The well-known German breeding variety is a slender, thick tree more than 15 m in height. The development is rapid, the annual increments reach 20–30 cm. The columnar crown, extended below and narrowed upward, forms strong skeletal branches, directed vertically.
The lateral twigs are flat, horizontally placed, wrapped at the ends and covered with dark green needles. It is well propagated by seeds, however, the seedlings obtained can be very different from the parent plant.
Thuja eastern (Thuja orientalis)
The name Thuja Oriental is fixed to a species that does not really belong to the genus Tui, although it looks very similar in appearance. It is more correct to call this ornamental conifer flattened as Oriental (Platycladus orientalis) or Eastern biota (Biota orientalis). The species originates from Korea and China, where it grows singly or in small groups on stony poor soils in a temperate climate.
It develops slowly, mainly in the form of a tree, reaching 5–10 m in height, growing even higher in favorable conditions. In cold regions takes the form of a shrub. The crown is pyramidal or conical with a wide base. The bark is reddish-brown, peeling off in strips.
Flat branches in the shape of a fan are directed vertically and covered with bright green scaly needles. Young plants, like junipers, may differ by needle sharp needles. In winter, the needles change their color dramatically - they turn brown or yellow.
Thuja east grade Aurea Nana (Aurea Nana)
The dwarf variety is popular in regions with a temperate or warm climate, it requires shelter in cold winters. Despite some whimsicalness, the plant was loved by the bright light green "grassy" color of the needles, the cone-shaped crown, which over the years becomes ovoid, and slow development. By the age of ten, it reaches 0.8–1 m in height, an adult tree grows up to one and a half meters, stains darker.
In winter, the color changes, the needles acquire a golden-bronze tint. The plant is capable of developing saturated colors only on sunny areas and wetted soils, in this case Aurea Nan will serve as a real decoration of a flower garden, rock garden or mixborder.
Thuja east grade Justinkka
Spectacular dwarf variety of kolonovidny form of Polish selection. By the age of ten, the tree grows to 1–1.2 m. Forming branches are directed upwards, the branches are fan-shaped, arranged in a vertical plane, the crown is thick, with dark green, oblate needles. It is celebrated as a cold-resistant plant, it winters well in temperate latitudes. Looks great in rockeries, small mixborders.
Thuja east grade Morgan (Morgan) coloring in winter time
Unusual thuja obtained by Australian breeders, is distinguished by a thick pyramidal crown of fan-shaped twigs of golden-yellow color. In winter, the tree becomes even more attractive, acquiring a reddish-bronze bright color, sometimes with an orange tone. It develops slowly, growing by 5–7 cm per year, reaches a height of 70 cm by ten years.
Thuja folded (Thuja plicata)
The huge trees of this species in the natural conditions of the Pacific coast of North America grow to 60 m, due to which the species has received another name - Tuya giant (T.gigantea). At the latitude of St. Petersburg, the tree reaches 12–15 m, however, it is prone to frosting in severe winters. The crown is low, dense, spreading, the branches are directed horizontally or obliquely up, the lateral branches are drooping. The needles are scaly, long, emerald-green color, from the bottom with a whitish stripe.
About 50 varieties have been bred, because of their large size, the species is more often planted in parks; for home gardens, it is recommended to choose dwarf and slow-growing variations.
Thuja folded Vipkord's grade (Whipcord)
A wonderful dwarf variety of American breeding grows a tree with a spherical crown, reaching 1.5 m. The shoots are large, sloping, the long sharp needles fall, giving the thuja an exotic look. In the cold season, the color becomes bronze.
It grows slowly, no more than 7–10 cm per year, requires an open area and sufficient moisture, frost-resistant. Whipcord exclusively looks in single landings against a background of stones, it is effective in a standard form.
Thuja folded Zebrina (Zebrina) variety
Slow-growing motley variety with shirokokonichesky krone, in young plants loose, in adults - dense. On scanty soils and in the northern regions, it grows by 7–10 cm per year, by the age of ten reaching 2.5 m in height and 1.5 m in diameter. In favorable conditions, on nutrient soils it gives annual increments of up to 15–20 cm.
Spreading skeletal branches, lateral branches drooping, covered with brilliant scaly-like needles of a juicy green tone, in young shoots with creamy white or golden transverse wide stripes. The magnificent, elegant tree is most suitable for solitary planting.
Thuja Japanese or Standishii (Thuja standishii)
Thuja Japanese or Standishii (Thuja standishii)
It originally grows on the territory of central Japan, on the islands of Honshu and Shikoku; in Japanese culture, the species is considered to be one of the five sacred Kiso trees, and in ancient times this thuja was banned for logging. A large beautiful tree with vertically directed sprawling branches forming a pyramidal crown with a wide base reaches a height of 20 m. In culture it grows up to 6–9 m, but in natural conditions old trees can grow huge - up to 35 meters or more.
Bark fibrous, reddish-brown hue. Needles with a characteristic strong odor, flat, dull, bright green, the reverse side is bluish-silver. The thuja is Japanese frost-resistant, but suffers from a lack of moisture, it develops better on nutrient, drained loams. Open terrain or rare penumbra is preferred.
Thuja Korean (Thuja koraiensis)
A shrub or conic tree with a loose crown, growing to 7–8 m in height. In the wild form is found in forests, on the mountain slopes and valleys of China and Korea, where it is considered quite winter-hardy plant. The bark is reddish-brown, rough, shoots are flat, with narrow blunt needles, on the underside of a silvery shade. The look differs in grace and ease thanks to bright tone of lacy branches with the edges bent upwards.
Species plants are available for purchase in nurseries, a few varieties of varieties are rare.
Glauca Prostrata (Glauca Prostrata)
Thuja Korean grade Glauka Prostrath (Glauca Prostrata)
Promising slow-growing variety with a height of an adult plant up to 60 cm. The plant is spectacular, with elegant openwork sprigs similar to fern leaves, bluish-green color with silver lining. Bright fluffy crown with spreading shoots looks airy.
It grows poorly in deep shade, losing decorativeness. An exceptional choice for mixed foreground planting, looks great in the role of tapeworm against the background of dark plants.
Group of thuja varieties by growth rate, shape and color of the crown
All the variety of varieties of Tui can be divided into categories according to the growth rate and the shape of the crown. Another important feature is the color of the needles. Variations of various shades of green are most common among thujas, golden-yellow plants are spectacular, blue shades are less common, most often they are a few representatives of the eastern thuja.
Platoukladus Pyramidalis Aurea (Platycladus Pyramidalis Aurea)
Thuja east grade Platukladus Pyramidalis Aurea (Platycladus Pyramidalis Aurea)
Beautiful variety Tui Eastern with a narrowed conical crown juicy green. It grows up to 4–6 m in height, the crown is formed by vertically directed branches, the tip is pointed. The fringing branches are small, densely covered with scaly needles of yellowish-green tone, not dull in winter.
The variety is characterized by moderate growth - up to 10 cm per year. An excellent choice for imparting color to mixed plantings from conifers or forming a colorful slender hedge.
Thuja a folded grade Kornik (Kornik)
Strong lush tree with a pyramidal crown, thickly growing from the ground itself - the famous representative thuja folded. The crown is formed by elastic branches arranged horizontally and drooping. The needles are glossy, dark green, on the reverse side covered with silver stripes, in the winter it becomes golden or bronze.
The growth rate is average, by the age of ten, the tree reaches 2.5–3 m in height and up to 1.5 m in diameter. To form a solid hedge or screens, seedlings are placed every 0.8–1 m. Kornik looks great as a tapeworm.
Thuja western grade Golden Globe (Golden Globe)
Round golden thuja was obtained by Dutch breeders in 1963 and is a mutation of the Woodwardy variety (Woodwardii). The crown is assembled from flat small twigs directed horizontally. Grows moderately, at 7–8 cm per year, the diameter of an adult spherical shrub is 1–1.2 m. The needles are very bright, shining golden-yellow tone, after frosts it becomes reddish-copper.
For full painting, you need an open space. The variety works well in single plantings in flower beds and mixborders, it is magnificent in the original design of the tracks.
Thuja western grade of Khoseri (Hoseri)
Slow-growing shrub is a variety western thuja Polish breeding, growing at 4-8 cm per year. The crown is rounded, flat, formed by obliquely directed upward skeletal branches with small overgrowing twigs and bristling young shoots, because of which the surface looks delicate, velvety. The needles are small, smooth, emerald green, clear color, in winter they are bronze.
The correct spherical crown to ten years reaches half a meter across. In adulthood, the plant becomes flattened, acquiring a pillow shape, and can reach a diameter of more than a meter.
Thuja western grade Columna (Columna)
One of the best columnar varieties obtained in Germany at the beginning of the XX century. A tall, slender tree is characterized by an average growth rate, by the age of ten it reaches 3 m in height and 1.2–1.5 m in diameter, it can further increase to 10 m, which is a unique characteristic of tui colonic form, which usually do not reach such sizes .
A narrow crown with a blunt rounded tip is formed by horizontally directed branches, fan-shapedly widened at the ends. Small glossy needles smooth, dark green tone. The variety is frost-resistant, unpretentious, suitable for the formation of green screens that do not need a haircut.
Thuja western grade Brabant (Brabant)
Fast growing western thuja with a columnar or narrow conical crown. It grows actively, in favorable conditions gives annual growths up to 30 cm, reaching a height of 3.5–5 m. The fouling twigs are flat, in different directions in the shape of a fan. Scaly needles thick green tones, color stable, does not change with the arrival of cold. The surface of the crown is wavy, over the years acquires a loose structure. Used for group plantings and evergreen alleys.
Thuja western grade Waterfield (Waterfield)
Western thuja dwarf type is a rounded shrub with a dense crown, with age becomes slightly elongated oval shape. By the age of ten, it reaches a height of about 30–50 cm, growing to 4–5 cm per year.
The shortened side twigs are fan-shaped, gentle growths, light cream when they appear, make the surface textured, soft, like a lichen. In winter, the needles become brownish-brown.
Thuja western grade Zmatlik (Zmatlik)
Cute Czech variety western thuja dwarf type with vertically directed growth. The crown is columnar, narrow, up to 1.0–1.2 m high and up to half a meter wide. In saplings and young plants the form is uncertain, curved, the plant itself seems disheveled.
Over time, due to fan-shaped winding twigs, the dense surface acquires a patterned texture due to the spirals and waves that are facing each other. The needles are small, dark green. It tolerates landing in the shade, but in this case the crown becomes loose, losing its amazing decorative effect.
Thuja western grade Umbrakulifera (Umbraculifera)
Cushion western thuja obtained at the end of the XIX century by German breeders. It develops slowly, up to 7–10 cm per year, by the age of ten it grows about 1 m in height, forms a pressed wide crown with a diameter of more than 2 m, umbrella-shaped rounded along the edge.
The branches are flexible, with densely growing lateral branches, curved and placed in different planes, which gives the surface a peculiar effect of water ripples. The gains are flat, covered with dark glossy needles with a bluish tinge.
Thuja western grade Golden Tuffet (Golden Tuffet)
Spectacular variety western thuja at a young age of a rounded shape, later the crown becomes wide, cushion-shaped, reaching a height of 60 cm. The growing branches are graceful, drooping, arranged in different directions. On young growths, the needles are of a delicate pinkish-golden hue; in the bright sun, it becomes orange or bronze. Planted in the shade, the plant loses its warm tone, it turns green, the crown becomes sparse.
Forever Goldy (Forever Goldy)
Thuja a folded grade of Foreve Goldi (Forever Goldy)
Promising evergreen variety thuja folded with bright golden-green needles that do not change color throughout the year. The compact tree with a cone-shaped crown is formed by strong small branches with flat shoots, turned vertically and arranged parallel to each other. Growth up to 10-15 cm per year, by the age of ten, the tree grows no more than one and a half meters in height.
Молодые побеги значительно светлее темно-зеленых тонов в глубине, и эти переливы света и тени делают растение особо привлекательным. Хорошо растет на солнце и в полутени, но на открытых участках золотистая окраска становится более насыщенной. Используется как солитер на каменистых горках, а также для невысоких ярких изгородей.
Голден Минарет (Golden Minaret)
Туя восточная сорт Голден Минарет (Golden Minaret)
Красивый светолюбивый сорт туи восточной It is a magnificent pyramid tree with golden-bronze needles, in the winter reddish-bronze tones predominate. When planting in shading is colored lemon green. It grows up to 4 m in height and about 1.5 m in diameter, the growth rate is moderate - about 10 cm per year.
The needles are scaly, densely covers short branches, gains bristle and create the illusion of a soft, plush surface. Needs shelter for the winter, especially at a young age, in the spring shoots prone to burns.
Thuja Oriental Blue Coone (Blue Cone)
This eastern thuja with a dense cone-shaped crown in the form of pins, it develops intensively, grows in good conditions about 20 cm per year and reaches a height of 2–3 m and a width of 1.2–2.0 m. dark, shade of a sea wave.
Blue Cone has low irrigation requirements, works well in hot regions, surpassing western drought in resistance to drought. In the northern latitudes in severe winters with little snow can freeze, requires reliable shelter.
Thuja east grade Meldensis (Meldensis)
Variety eastern thuja with ovoid crown in young plants, which becomes pyramidal in adults. The branch is dense, the branches are fan-shaped, the shoots are multidirectional, forming a dense flat surface. The needles are bluish-green, it darkens in winter, acquiring a purple hue, young growths turn brown. Plants grown from seed are more resistant and grow faster.
Thuja folded grade Gelderland (Gelderland)
Beautiful slender plant with a perfect conical crown, forming from the ground itself. It develops quickly, growing by 20–25 cm, reaches a height of 4–5 m. Tender needles, a thick green in summer and golden or bronze in winter give the plant particular attractiveness.
Planted as a tapeworm, this amazing thuja with a pleated surface (folded thuja) soft thick crown like a fabulous Christmas tree, great at any time of the year.
Thuja a folded grade of Excels (Excelsa)
Another wonderful representative folded tui, at a young age, columnar, then conical with a wide base. Growing up to 30 cm per year, a large tree reaches 12–15 m in height and more than 3 m in diameter. The branches are directed horizontally or obliquely upwards, drooping at the ends. The needles are brilliant, dense green color, on growths it is a little lighter.
The variety is stable, well winters, strong and spectacular. Prefers fertile loams, picky about the presence of moisture. Looks luxurious in alleys and groups.
Video about the variety of species and varieties of thuya
In small ornamental gardens, on stony hills, at fences and in mixborders, luxurious thujas will come to the place, with their dense and abundant needles, rich in color. Pyramidal and spherical, emerald and golden, tall and dwarf, they represent a huge scope for creativity, allowing you to realize the most courageous design decisions. And of course, nothing can replace the columnar thuja when creating slender alleys and green screens that visually expand and extend the space.
The name "thuja" in Greek means sacrifice or incense. The fact is that when burning wood of some species of thuja, a pleasant aroma is emitted, therefore it was used during worship and sacrifice.
Thuja western (occidentális) is a tree with valuable solid and durable wood and high decorative qualities, therefore it is bred everywhere, pursuing its goals, which gardeners, landscape designers, clergymen, woodcarvers and furniture makers have different.
Description: Western thuja grows up to 12-20 meters, has a compact pyramidal or oval crown, and a compact root system. It grows slowly.
The young thuja bark is smooth, red-brown in color, with time it becomes gray-brown, in old age it begins to peel off, separating narrow long strips.
The needles are different from the needles of other evergreen trees - it is scaly, in winter it acquires a brownish hue. Needles of small size - 0.2-0.4 cm, tightly pressed to the branches. The needles live 2-3 years, after which they fall off with small branches.
Fruits are small cones, 8-12 mm in size, scaly. In each of the cones there are two seeds with yellow wings.
The wood of almost all types of thuja is of a reddish hue, soft but strong, with a pleasant coniferous aroma, it has no resin passages and is resistant to putrefactive bacteria.
Variety of varieties
In nature, different types of thuja grow, on the basis of which its various varieties were bred for planting in gardens and parks. In Russia, western thuja is represented by 10–14 winter-hardy varieties. We will name some varieties of western thuja, adapted to Russian conditions, and present their brief description.
Variety Brabant (occidentalis Brabant) is a tree with a kolonovidnoy crown and green needles, brown in the winter. The height is 4-5 meters, the diameter of the crown is 1.5 meters, for the year the increase in height reaches 30-35 cm, and in width - 15 cm.
Brabant - frost-resistant variety that does not require complex care. Can be planted in sunny or shaded places, but it must be protected from strong winds. It tolerates a haircut that allows you to create the desired shape of the crown. Cones are brown, small - within 1 cm, ripen in autumn. The variety is suitable for planting in alleys and hedges.
Grade Smaragd (Smaragd occidentalis) - a tree with a crown of dense structure and conical shape. Up to 4.5 meters. The needles are dark green, in winter the color remains the same.
It grows very slowly, so frequent cutting is not needed, which greatly facilitates the care. Smaragd - light-loving, frost-resistant tree, but it must be protected from severe frosts and drafts.
Columna variety (occidentalis Columna) - the tree has a narrow, compact columnar crown and a height of about 7 meters, with a diameter of one and a half meters. Shoots are horizontal, dense, dark green needles, its color almost does not change in winter.
The height gain is about 20 cm per year. Poor drought tolerance - caring for it involves abundant watering.
The variety Holmstrup (occidentalis Holmstrup) is a low tree, up to 3.5 meters in height, with a crown colonized in diameter of 1 meter. The needles are green, not changing depending on the season.
It grows slowly - about 12 cm in height and 3-4 cm in width, does not require frequent cutting, and tolerates it well. It grows well in any soil, resistant to frost and temperature changes, it can be planted in sunny or slightly shaded places. All this makes caring for the thuya Holmstrup quite easy.
The variety of Fastigiata (occidentalis Fastigiata) is a winter-hardy tree with a columnar crown and branches compactly pressed against the trunk. The needles are soft, green, not changing depending on the season. It has a strong aroma. It grows up to 6 meters in height, with an annual increase of about 30 cm. Cones are small, brown in color.
Caring for a fashigiata consists of frequent cuttings, watering, and mulching with needles, which eventually becomes fertilizer for it.
It prefers a moderately moist loamy soil, planting is allowed in wetlands, but with a high-quality drainage system.
Sankist Sunkist (occidentalis ‘Sunkist’) is a cold-resistant tree or shrub 3-5 meters high, with a conical crown with a diameter of 1-2 meters. The branches are thick, lush, the needles are bright, golden, with age it becomes lemon yellow, in winter it becomes bronze.
Growth is slow, in 10 years it grows up to two meters in height. Easily tolerates haircut and crown formation. Leaving is not difficult, but it does not tolerate drought. With a lack of moisture, mass seed production begins, which is why decorativeness suffers. The lack of light adversely affects the quality and shade of the needles. Suitable for single planting or with other trees and shrubs.
Wagneri variety (occidentalis Wagneri) is a cold-resistant tree with a dense ovoid crown up to 3.5 meters high and about one and a half meters wide. The branches are vertical, drooping. The needles are gray-green, in winter it becomes copper. The increase is average, the shape of the crown is kept well, so pruning is not necessarily carried out too often.
Special care is not required, but it is demanding on the soil, can be planted in an open, bright place. Variety bred for planting in the alleys and in containers.
The variety Claude of Gold (occidentalis Cloth of Gold) is a frost-resistant shrub about two meters high and with a crown up to 1.2 meters in diameter. Crohn conical shape, needle needles or scaly, lemon-yellow or yellow-orange shades, in winter becomes copper.
Grows slowly, care is needed simple. It is better to plant a shrub in a bright place, protected from winds and drafts, in the shade the needles fade. Grows well in moderate, alkaline fertile soil. Resistant to droughts, waterlogging does not tolerate well. The variety is suitable for planting in alleys, and in compositions with other shrubs and trees.
For planting and cultivation in Russia, not only western thuja is suitable, but also eastern thuja (Thuja orientalis) - aurea, which is native to the north-western regions of China.
Description: thuja aurea - most often this tree is 15-20 meters high. However, there are known specimens growing in the wild, their height reaching 35 meters, and the diameter of the crown - up to 14 meters.
Crohn young trees pyramid-shaped, in adults it becomes rounded, irregular in shape, which is easily corrected by a haircut. Thuja eastern aurea is a multi-stemmed plant, but it can grow with shrubs.
Eastern thuja cones are different from western thuja cones. In Tui Aurea, they are juicy, fleshy and green, with a clump-like outgrowth. Ripening, they change color and become brown, they form seeds, similar to wheat grains.
Thuja aurea grows well in neutral alkaline and even chalky soil. The first two months of care for it consists of watering, which is carried out every 10 days. If the seedling takes root well, you can do without watering. Thuja aurea is a long-lived plant, it can live for 1000 years in favorable conditions.
All types of thuja - both western and eastern, are suitable for the formation of hedges, alleys, rocky gardens, Mediterranean landscape. Despite some differences, almost all types of thuja are frost-resistant, decorative and well-adapted in new terrain.
Thuja western is an unpretentious plant capable of growing on the soil of any type, and in any conditions, however it has its own preferences.
Thuja western loves bright places, but in the shade the decorativeness of its needles is better preserved. The tree grows well on dry soil, but planting is also possible in areas with high groundwater levels. In gratitude for the caring care and optimal watering of thuja, the western one will grow into a beautiful tree with a beautiful, luxurious crown.
Propagated thugs cuttings, seeds or seedlings. Since thuja grows very slowly, it is easiest to purchase ready seedlings in a nursery, but if you wish, the whole process of growing thuja from seed to large tree can be done independently.
Thuja seeds rarely retain all the characteristics of the parent tree, especially for hybrid varieties, and seedlings in garden centers and nurseries are quite expensive. Therefore, it is best to reproduce at home under thuya cuttings - only in this case you can get the desired form with all varietal characteristics.
At the same time, you can experiment with the seeds - perhaps many new copies will have excellent decorative qualities and you will want to breed them in the future.
Seeds for planting are collected in the fall, in winter the buds open, and the seeds fall out. Cut cones are dried in a room with a temperature not higher than +7 degrees. When the scales dry, you can remove the seeds and store in a tissue bag. With the first snow, the bags are taken out of the room, put on the ground and sprinkled with snow in a layer of 30 cm - this is how the seeds undergo the necessary stratification.
Planting seeds is done in spring, in the grooves, with a distance of 10-15 cm. The seeds of the thuja are small, so they are not buried deep - 0.5 cm is enough. The grooves are planted with water and planted with dry soil after sowing needles or sawdust.
Water shoots are watered regularly, but in moderate volumes, at first they are prune from the strong rays of the sun. Thuja western grows very long - in the first year it grows by 4-5 cm, in the next two years by 10-20 cm and 25-40 cm.
Caring for seedlings is mulching the soil around them with peat or sawdust. A dive is carried out three years after sowing, landing on a permanent place is allowed after 4-5 years.
Thuja western of cuttings. Cuttings are cut in the spring in the morning or evening, as well as in cloudy weather. It is better to take cuttings from the top lateral shoots of this year, from a tree aged 4 to 8 years. The length of the cuttings should be within 10-12 cm.
The cuttings are placed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 24 hours. After that, they plant in the soil to a depth of 5-6 cm, at a small angle - 20-30 degrees. Cuttings can be planted in containers, pots or in open ground, but under the film, at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other.
Planting cuttings is carried out in the soil mixture of leaf earth, humus and sand, since the western thuja loves fertile, light soil.
Containers with cuttings are stored in the basement, and with the arrival of real heat they are transplanted into open ground, preferably with a clod of earth.
The cuttings in the spring allows the cuttings to root well in the first year and start growing. Summer cuttings are less fruitful - in the first year callus appears in such cuttings, but mass rooting occurs only in the second year.
Thuja is a western light-loving plant, it needs the sun 6-7 hours a day, otherwise it will begin to stretch, and the crown will be rare.
Planting seedlings from the nursery. The hole for this is done more than a pot in which the seedling is growing. In the hole poured pine needles, a little humus and the top layer of the earth, poured a bucket of water. Seedling carefully removed from the pot, placed in the hole and straighten the roots, then covered with earth and watered again.
At first, it is not necessary to fertilize the sapling, it will prevent its normal adaptation in the new place. In the future, care for the grown seedling should consist of irrigation, loosening the soil, weeding and fertilizing nitrophoska.
Reproduction of western thuja cuttings and seeds
Western thuja is propagated by seeds, but it can also be propagated by cuttings.
If you want to graft it, it is best to do it in the very early spring, as soon as the buds are picked. On cuttings should be taken annual overgrowing twigs on last year's growths of branches inside the crown. They must be taken "with the heel", that is, with a piece of bark. To do this, jerk the twig sharply, first up and then down. Naturally, it is necessary to hold it by the base (in the place of attachment). The tree part of the "heel" is carefully removed with a knife, hands are cut off all the needles from the bottom of the cutting. Cuttings can be kept for a day in the solution of any root-forming agent (for example, “Root roots”). At this time, prepare the box with the soil. You can use a plastic trellised box from under vegetables and fruits, lining it from the inside with plastic wrap. At the bottom of the film should be made as far as the holes for the flow of excess water. Fill the box with moistened peat and sand. Top with a layer of 5-6 cm of washed sand. Having made holes in the soil with a stick, insert cuttings into them to a depth of 3–4 cm according to a pattern of approximately 10 × 10 cm and cover the top of the bank
mi or halves cut across polyethylene bottles. Until the end of the frost, the box with cuttings of the western thuja should be kept in a non-freezing room, and then taken out into the shade. Daily it is necessary to remove the bottle for airing and spraying the cuttings, in addition, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture and water it in a timely manner. Rooting of a thuja lasts about 1.5–2 months. As soon as new sprigs “leaves” appear, the plant is rooted, but you should not rush to replant it into place. Land at the end of August, either immediately to the ground, or in a school to grow. School can serve as the ends of any garden beds. From young plants of thuja at the age of 3-4 years, you can plant a green fence, gradually forming it with pruning as it grows. The distance between the seedlings in the future fence immediately leave 80-100 cm. When transplanting, pay attention to the color and shape of the plants, selecting the same type for the fence.
The breeding variant of the western thuja with seeds is very long and laborious, since by the time the bush is planted in the ground it will take at least 5 years. In addition, the thuja can lose its varietal characteristics during development, and the only advantage of this situation will be the adaptation of the plant to the local climate. However, if you are interested in the process itself, then you will need a soil mixture (sand, coniferous, hardwood), high-quality seeds. It is important that the seed material is pre-stratified - overwinter under a layer of snow.
With the arrival of spring, thuja seeds are placed in a container with nutrient soil, covered with soil mixed with sawdust of coniferous crops from above. Reproduction of thuja seeds at home entails traditional concerns: protecting the seedlings from the scorching rays of the sun, timely watering, getting rid of weeds, feeding. After 5 or even 6 years, young tui can be landed on the site.
При выращивании западной туи из семян интересно вот что: в потомстве происходит расщепление на два вида. Из пирамидальной или колонновидной может вырасти шаровидная, и наоборот. Причем шансы 50 на 50. То есть вы можете взять семена любой из этих туй, и у вас будут и те, и другие. Западная туя имеет зеленый или золотистый окрас хвои, но есть и пестролистные сорта с осветленными концами веток. При выращивании из семян в потомстве тоже происходит расщепление в окрасе.