Sweet pepper is one of the most beloved and common vegetables. Among the many varieties of peppers, Claudio is of particular interest among gardeners, as it is valued for its qualities of taste and containing in its composition useful substances, vitamins and minerals. A description of this variety can be found in this review.
Biological description and varietal characteristics
Claudio received by the specialists of the company "Nunhems" and is in the group of the Dutch line of vegetable crops. Refers to the early varieties of culture, since the period of ripening from planting seedlings in open soil or in the greenhouse is approximately 80 days.Early pepper Claudio grade
The plant forms a powerful, upright, medium height bush. Large leaves painted in bright green color with a slightly wrinkled surface. Due to the large size of leaves, vegetables are protected from the negative effects of the sun.
Cubical shape drooping fruits have a characteristic glossy surface. In the technical ripeness phase, vegetables have a dark green color, and when ripe they acquire a bright red color. The weight of one fruit can be 200-250 g. With the observance of the agrotechnology of cultivation and favorable climatic conditions, the vegetables are formed by thick-walled ones, their wall thickness is 12-14 mm. Juicy flesh with spicy sweetish taste has the traditional delicate aroma of classic sweet pepper, without pronounced bitterness.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Claudio Pepper has a number of advantages:
- high yield culture,
- excellent taste characteristics and appearance,
- energy seed germination characterizes the simultaneity of their germination and uniform uniform ripening of peppers,
- the possibility of growing, both in open beds, in greenhouse conditions,
- ability to adapt easily to different climatic conditions,
- preservation of presentation during transportation,
- fruit varieties universal purpose consumed fresh and canned.
In addition to the weighty advantages of the variety, there are also disadvantages, which include:
- increased demands for soil moisture
- low rate of transition from technical ripeness of the fetus to its full staining.
Claudio pepper growing technology
It is recommended to take into account some nuances before planting this vegetable crop in your garden. Cultivation of it includes certain techniques and is carried out in several stages.Planting pepper seeds for seedlings in a container
Planting seeds and seedling growing conditions
You need to grow Claudio peppers with seedlings, obtained from seeds, which in the last days of February or early March, sow in prepared containers.
Growing seedlings includes the following operations:
- Before planting seeds need 5 hours put in waterwhose temperature is not higher than 50C. After the time has elapsed, put them on a cloth moistened with water for three days in a room with a temperature regime not lower than 20 ° C.
- Prepared planting material put in boxes to a depth of 1-2 cm, keeping the distance between landing units 1.5cm.
- Good pour and cover with glass or a transparent film to maintain the required level of humidity.
- In order for the seeds to germinate well, you need to place the containers in the room, the temperature standard of which should be 24-26 degrees above zero. It is important to bear in mind that seedlings love good lighting, dry air, moist soil and do not withstand drafts, so it is necessary to create optimal conditions, taking into account the preferences of the culture.
- After 15 days, the first shoots will appear, and need to make a pick. This technique contributes to the formation of the roots and strengthens the seedlings, since as they grow they become cramped, and they do not receive the required amount of nutrients. To do this, carefully, without damaging the roots to transplant sprouts into separate forms.
- Put the seedling containers in heat and water with warm water., without over-wetting the ground, in order to avoid the development of such a disease as a black leg. You should also ensure that the soil does not dry out.
- Provide proper care for seedlings, which consists in spraying plants, airing the room, fencing from drafts. And on the tenth day after the picking, fertilize with urea and superphosphate.
Feature: Claudio about the clean
Description, pomological characteristics tezisno - what is important to know.
Belongs to the Dutch line, distributed by Nunhems (Bayer). Included in the State Register of Russia in the North Caucasus region. Worthy recommended in other regions, including the Middle Lane, Moscow, known and valued as a commercial in Ukraine. It is recommended for the open ground, closed. Cuboid shape, early. It is characterized by high productivity, stress resistance, heat resistance.
The cultivar of Claudio F1 pepper (hybrid form) is declared as very early, the vegetative period of 72-80 days, blooms one of the first. In fact, in Central Russia refers to the middle-late, middle, in Ukraine - to the earliest.
The yield is high - an average of 300 kg / ha, according to other sources up to 464 kg / ha, the yield of marketable products 94-97%. In comparison with the standard of large-fruited and thick-walled, with the Gift of Moldova (up to 390 centners per hectare), it benefits - as compared with many analogues.
- The bush is semi-sprawling, medium-high, belongs to the determinant type, its height is up to 100-120 cm (lower in the southern climate, protected ground). Plants require garters. The leaves are bright green, large, slightly wrinkled.
- The shape is cuboid, the fruits are drooping, prismlike - cubical elongated, four-chamber. The color at full maturity is intense red, almost maroon, at the time of technical ripeness bright green dominates, at the stage of ripening dark green. With partial red color, dark areas are observed. On average, the weight is 100-175 g, reaching 200-250 g, sometimes the largest up to 300-350 g, although in the total mass the fruits are uniform.
- High wall thickness - about 6-7.8 mm, according to reviews, up to 10-14 mm, according to other sources. The skin is strong, durable, not hard. Fleshy, juicy, with a bright multi-faceted aroma of true pepper, sweet with interesting notes of pleasant bitterness. Not bitter, not rude - sweet with pleasant piquancy, gentle - as befits a sweet Bulgarian.
The number of simultaneously tied fruits from 5-6 to 7-10. After a pause in flowering, the second wave begins, less abundant - 7-8 pieces. In the northern regions with low agricultural technology less.
The rate of transition from technical ripeness to full coloring, to biological low. Gives abundant second wave of fruiting in late August and early September.
According to experienced vegetable growers, in the Middle Moscow region, in the same Moscow region, it is advisable to speed up the removal of small, ovary, but will not have time to mature, pinch the crown, remove the stepsons, tear off the leaves (within reasonable limits, so as not to damage photosynthesis) before the onset of lowering temperatures.
Often grown in covering form until the beginning-mid-July, after which the shelter is removed.
Hot-resistant - rarely baked, resistant to pepper mottling, tobacco mosaic, potato virus.
- Predictable productivity - and high: in comparison with novelties, beloved by farmers for exactly the expected results,
- The presentation is one of the best among the cubic early ones, including in the form-color ratio of fruits, taste and yield,
- Unpretentiousness - in comparison with hybrids of the intensive type, not so picky about podkomka, watering, high temperatures,
- Carries a high load, will show well at high density standing bushes when landing,
In the photo, Claudio peppers are the largest and smaller copies. Photography amateur, but vegetable gardener)
- At the time of intermediate staining the fruit has blackish-brown tones,
- The transition from technical to biological ripeness is not too fast,
- Early ripening terms - differ from those stated by the manufacturer: in the Moscow region, Ufa, in the Urals they are transformed into middle and late in the open field - it lasts a little longer than in the opinion of the Dutch manufacturer, and in the green field it stains a little longer.
- Perhaps this is due to the continental climate of Central Russia where the region is zoned, in general, for more southern latitudes, the culture feels not quite at home.
- The yield in the conditions of the same Moscow region will differ from, say, Poltava - alas, in a smaller direction. In warm years in the northern latitudes, productivity increases.
- Demanding enough watering.
Claudio F1 pepper - the subtleties of agrotechnology, briefly and clearly about care and cultivation. Like the whole culture, grown seedlings in containers, peat pots. After the appearance of amicable shoots, they will organize the illumination with fitolamps - more precisely, illumination or illumination during the day, photoperiod up to 12 hours. In additional illumination, seedlings need at least 2-3 weeks at least, after which they are exposed to a well-lit place - by this time the length of the day will increase.
Relative to the determinant type, grown in the combined plantings, tolerates compaction.
Seeds are planted in February-March - depending on the climatic zone. In open ground, seeds are planted in the presence of 6 true leaves, in the closed - 12. The soil temperature should reach at least +13 C, air + 13 ... + 15 C.
Planting is the optimal scheme for the suburban area or 35x35 cm. For industrial plantings, a 40x40x80 scheme is possible. Density, density - an average of 3 pieces / m2.
In growing an intensive type of hybrid form of Claudio pepper, it is not necessary to adhere to intensive agricultural practices: it is not too whimsical, but it needs a master's hand and competent care.
Bushes require a garter - this is the first. Mandatory removal of stepsons, lower tier leaves.
The formation of Claudio is formed both in two, and even in three stems - in a greenhouse, leaving a couple of the most developed stepchildren, removing the rest. After the first fork appears, the lower leaves are removed, along with the lower tier buds. Crown flower - it should be cut off at the budding stage.
So, with regard to the temperature regime, at the initial stage of the growing season the optimum will be within +22 C, with mass staining + 25 ... + 27 C.
Prevention - a pledge of the harvest: preventive measures against aphids, whitefly and thrips, for diseases - timely treatment.
Top dressing - standard for culture. Do not forget about the introduction of nitrogen, potassium during tying and shaping, as well as calcium, zinc, iron, manganese. In June-July, at least twice with a break of 14 days, potassium + nitrogen is introduced in the form of root dressings, and calcium and magnesium are badly needed in the form of leaf. In suburban areas, complex micro-and macro-fertilizers of the type Plantafol, Crystalon, Nutrivant, etc. are used more often.
At the hearing of vegetable growers - Claudio Pepper has reviews in two ways, but numerous. Many people deserve praise - from seed quality - to 100% germination rate noted by experienced agrarians, and high productivity - more than 2-2.5 kg per bush. In the northern regions for culture, to which we include both Central Russia and Moscow Region, and Ufa, demands on agricultural technology have shown, the best results - in tunnels, greenhouses. In addition, the last wave often does not have time to fully mature - to help shelter (lutrasil, etc.), tunnels, as well as agrotechnical methods of formation - rationing. About the taste - most of the reviews are positive: the fleshy walls are juicy, the skin is not coarse, the pulp is aromatic, juicy and tasty, without intense bitterness, sharpness, the smell is many-sided - the classic sweet pepper. However, there are gourmets who are confident in the superiority of many new products in taste quality over the old variety. And in some ways they are right: if there is little equal in size and marketable appearance, then the modern assortment will be pleasantly surprised by amateurs and connoisseurs: there are better new products. Why is it still planted, if there are alternatives - but because it will not fail: the developed cultivation technology, the predictable yield is very high, and the presentation is excellent. Those who do not like experiments, but who value proven quality, are old-kind people, unpretentious and responsive to the warmth of a good host. Generous harvest!
"Claudio F1" - Bulgarian pepper, sweet. Is a hybrid. Bushes are semi-sprawling, powerful, can reach a height of about 70 cm. The leaves are medium or large, have a wrinkled surface. The fruits are large, their shape is similar to an elongated cube. Their skin is thick, shiny and smooth. From dark green color turn to dark red as they ripen. On one bush can grow up to 12 fruits. Peppers of this variety are fleshy, weighing about 200 g and wall thickness of 10 mm. Did you know?Sweet pepper containsmore vitamin A than in carrots.
This variety of sweet pepper prefers to grow in loose and light soil rich in organic matter and having a neutral reaction. This plant loves light and moisture. If there is little light, the bush will be drawn out, and the flowers will fall off. It is best to grow “Claudio F1” pepper after beets, carrots, cabbage, legumes (except beans) and pumpkin crops. You can not plant it next to cucumbers. Check out also how to plan crops of vegetables correctly. Land for landing need to prepare well. Requires deep digging of the soil and removal of weeds, as well as the need to make basic fertilizers and liming. Did you know?In our area, sweet pepper appeared in the XVI century. They brought it from Turkey and Iran.
How to prepare seeds for planting
Basically, Dutch seeds do not need pretreatment. The manufacturer performs all the necessary procedures before packing the seeds. But you can hold them for 5 hours in hot water, the temperature of which should be 50 ° C, then put in a damp cloth for 3 days. Such preparation of seeds gives quick shoots.
Seeds are usually planted in early March, immersing them 1 cm in the ground. Important!It is necessary to adhere to the distance between the seeds of about 1.5 cm. It is impossible to sow closer, since the grown sprouts will create a shadow for each other. Then they are immediately watered. Capacity with seeds covered with a film to maintain the required level of humidity (about 70%). Until the seedlings appear, the containers can be left in any warm place where the temperature will be about 22 ° C. Light does not matter.
Seedling care rules
The first shoots usually appear on the 15th day after sowing. Then you need to make a pick. This is done so that each bush can develop its strong root system. This should be done carefully, without damaging the roots. Transplanted sprouts in separate forms. After that they are put in heat, where the daytime temperature is 26 ° C, and the nighttime temperature is not lower than 10 ° C. It is undesirable to seed watering often, as the black leg disease can develop. You just need to make sure that the substrate does not dry out. Sprouts should be watered with warm water (30 ° C). From cold water they will become weak, they will get sick and may die. In the room where the seedlings, the air should not be dry. Bushes need to be sprayed, and the room - to air, protecting sprouts from drafts. On the 10th day after the picking, you can conduct dressing using a solution of water with urea and superphosphate. Important!Before planting sprouts in the ground, theirneed to harden, taking out every day on the air in the solar time for a few hours.
Agrotechnical cultivation "Claudio F1"
To get a good harvest, you need to care for the bushes of pepper. Professionals recommend removing the central flower on each plant. Thanks to this action, the harvest will be greater. And also, to increase the yield, the bushes need to be formed into 3 stems, removing lateral shoots that are formed in a timely manner.
Soil care and weeding
Sweet pepper loves loosened earth. Therefore, you need to make sure that there is no earth crust. Thanks to loosening improves the flow of air to the roots. The first 14 days the pepper grows slowly, and it is undesirable to loosen the soil, as the roots are strengthened. Later, it is necessary to loosen the ground after watering, when it has dried, but the crust has not yet formed. This should be done no deeper than 5 cm, since the roots are in the upper layer of the earth. It is also desirable to carry out weeding, thereby getting rid of weeds. Spud need to pepper during flowering.
Watering and feeding
Water the pepper should be once in 7 days, until it began to bloom. On 1 square. m use 12 liters of water. When the bushes bloom, watering is 3 times a week, using 14 liters of water. Water should be separated and have a temperature of 24–26 ° C. 14 days after the peppers are planted in the ground, it is fed for the first time. Используют для этого навоз, куриный помёт, смешивая с фосфорно-калийными удобрениями. Или можно применять минеральные удобрения: селитра, суперфосфат, хлористый калий. Следующие подкормки проводят в начале плодоношения и во время формирования плодов, увеличив дозу аммиачной селитры.
Important!If the fruits are small, you can feed the plant and the fourth time.
Claudio F1: variety benefits
This variety has many advantages. Main characteristics of Claudio pepper:
- resistant to diseases
- unpretentious in growing,
- large-fruited variety
- heat resistant
- long stored
- well transported
- good taste,
- early maturing
- you can use fresh fruit and canned.
Galina, 48 years old: “I really liked the taste of this pepper. Seed germination is simply struck - absolutely all the seeds sown. There was a bit of fruit on the bush, probably due to weather conditions. ”
Irina, 35 years old: “I have grown large fruits, which I was very pleased. I will always plant only this variety now. ”
Vladimir, 55 years old: “Growing this variety is easy. The seeds quickly germinate, and the fruits grow juicy and fleshy. We use them for salads or eat fresh. ”
If you are responsible for planting sweet pepper “Claudio F1” and follow all the rules for care, it will please you with a good harvest.
Claudio Pepper: Description
The famous hybrid of the Dutch selection is universal and is capable of productive development both in open ridges and in greenhouse conditions. Southerner by origin and preferences, Claudio pepper is included in the Russian state register of promising vegetable crops of the North Caucasus region and is grown commercially in the south. But gardeners from the Urals and Siberia know this crop firsthand and have long been producing impressive pepper yields in greenhouses and greenhouses, despite the climatic conditions of temperate latitudes unsuitable for the thermophilic plant.
Claudio’s positioned as an early producer, Claudio’s hybrid is cultivated in the warm southern regions, but in the temperate zones of our country, its growing season is delayed due to quite natural reasons, and the growers consider the variety to be middle-late. However, this fact does not affect the popularity of culture.
Claudio F1 pepper forms a powerful medium-growth semi-sprawling bush, reaching a height of 0.7 to 1.2 m. The leaves are emerald green, bright and large. Despite the fairly strong trunk, the plant needs a garter, because under the weight of the poured fruit can tilt or fall altogether.
Claudio's hybrid form won the hearts of gardeners with gorgeous, tasty and beautiful fruits - drooping, properly cuboid-elongated, formed by four chambers. At full maturity, the color of the fruit is deep red, close to dense maroon, at the technical ripeness stage - emerald, in the process of ripening - dark green. For ripening fruits, uneven coloring is characteristic - on the red surface there are dark, almost black irregularly shaped stripes, which subsequently disappear.
The average fruit weight is 150-175 g, often they reach 200-250 g, less often it is possible to get maximum fruits weighing up to 300-350 g, although, as a rule, one-dimensionality is characteristic of a hybrid.
The claimed wall thickness of pepper is impressive - 6-8 mm, but, according to reviews of vegetable growers, it can reach 10-14 mm. The skin is glossy, dense and strong enough, but completely devoid of stiffness. Claudio F1 Pepper - fleshy, juicy, sweet with a slightly noticeable spicy bitterness, tasty, with an excellent aroma of true Bulgarian pepper.
Typical qualities that distinguish Claudio peppers (confirmed by vegetable growers) from other varieties and hybrids are:
- Sufficiently high (and predictable!) Productivity - depending on the growing area from 300 hectares to 450 hectares per hectare.
- The output of high-quality marketable products is 95-97%.
- Heat resistance.
- Stress resistance culture.
- Confronting traditional solanaceous diseases - pepper mottling, potato virus, tobacco mosaic.
- The marketability of the hybrid, manifested in almost perfect form of the fruit.
- The successful ratio of the taste of the fruit with the yield and form.
- Unpretentiousness in care - indifference of culture to the increased density of plantings, regular feeding and irrigation.
On one bush up to 5-10 fruits are simultaneously tied. At the end of flowering, after some time comes the 2nd wave, less generous - 2-5 pieces. The disadvantages of the hybrid include the low rate of transition from technical ripeness to biological, that is, full coloring of the fruit - bright red, characterizing Claudio F1 pepper. Reviews of vegetable growers who have grown up in cultivation, unanimously argue that the removal of an excessive small ovary, which does not have time to mature, but detracts from the plant itself, will help speed up staining. In addition, you should regularly cut off the stepchildren, drying up the leaves, by the end of July pinch the tops of the shoots.
Claudio Peppers, like many other solanaceous crops, are grown seedlings in various containers, containers, or pots. Pepper seeds, previously culled and pickled by any of the biostimulants, are planted in transplant boxes with a light, loose, fertile soil in February or March (depending on the region). After germination of seeds and emergence of shoots, it is necessary to arrange the lighting up with any lamps up to 12 hours a day. Seedlings need additional light for 3-3.5 weeks, then when the daylight increases, the tanks are exposed in a warm, bright place.
In the stage of 2-3 true leaves, seedlings dive in separate pots. They should be planted in a permanent place when the soil is heated to 13-15 ° C. The planting scheme is 40 * 40 cm, per 1 sq. M. meters placed 3-4 bush.
Despite the enviable unpretentiousness of this crop, high yields can be achieved only by correctly implementing the basic rules of agricultural technology, such as:
- Providing support, tying and mandatory removal of stepsons and leaves of the lower tiers.
- Formation of a bush in 2-3 stalks: the first crown flower is cut off, and after the fork appears, choose a couple of the strongest shoots, removing the rest.
- The optimum temperature for high-quality culture growth is 22–25 ° C, with the onset of the stage of fruit staining - 25–27 ° C.
- Timely watering with warm water, loosening the soil under the bushes.
Intensive cultural development involves regular fertilization. Claudio is a sweet pepper, and its taste essentially depends on the frequency and quality of feedings. Fertilizers standard for culture are usually used: a week after planting young bushes, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, during flowering, planting and growing - compounds of potassium, phosphorus, and also calcium, manganese, zinc, and iron. With the onset of the mass gaining of fruits (in June-July), Claudio peppers feed plants under the root with potassium and nitrogen twice, and the foliage and ovary are sprayed with solutions of trace elements — magnesium and calcium. In private plots, complex micro-and macro-fertilizers are used more often, for example, Plantafol, Nutrivant, Criston, etc.
Pepper Claudio F1: reviews
Analyzing the feedback left on the network by farmers and summer residents, the following can be noted:
- Excellent quality seed, high germination of seeds.
- Remarkable crop productivity - more than 2.5 kg of peppers from one bush.
- Claudio - sweet pepper, has excellent taste properties of fruits, which are characterized by fleshy walls, non-rough skin, fragrant flesh, juicy, without pronounced bitterness and pleasant traditional aroma of classic Bulgarian sweet pepper.
- Simple and sophisticated technology for the cultivation of this hybrid.
- Predictable, very high yield.
- Excellent presentation.
Despite the emergence of new varieties of pepper, the army of connoisseurs of this famous hybrid is increasing every year. Unpretentious and responsive to care with bright healthy and tasty fruits, Claudio for many has become the most acceptable and convenient vegetable to grow.
Description and varietal characteristics
A highly productive and very promising hybrid form from the Dutch manufacturer Nunhems forms a semi-sprawling bush of medium height. The plant is characterized by medium or relatively large leaves of green or dark green color, with slightly wrinkled or wrinkled surface.
Fruits are drooping, prismlike, with a characteristic glossy surface. The main color at the stage of technical ripeness is green. At the phase of biological maturity, the fruits are red, weighing 100–172 g. The walls of the fruit are relatively fleshy, 6.5–7.8 mm thick. Tastes excellent. The average yield is about 300 kg / ha when the output of commodity fruits at the level of 94−97%.
The hybrid form is heat resistant and resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. The description and characteristics of a hybrid foreign breeding are included in the State Register of Russia. The form is recommended for cultivation in the conditions of open ground in the North Caucasus region.
Soil and weather conditions in most regions of our country do not meet the needs of such vegetables as peppers for warmth and lighting, so experienced gardeners and experts recommend growing such plants in the usual seedling manner.
Depending on the characteristics and quality indicators of the seed to be sold, pepper seeds may require preliminary preparation for sowing in the form of sorting, disinfection, soaking and germination. Such preparatory activities are not mandatory, but they allow obtaining earlier and more friendly shoots of a popular vegetable crop.
An equally important stage in the cultivation of sweet Bulgarian pepper is a high-quality preparation of the site for planting. For the cultivation of the hybrid form "Claudio-f1" should be removed soil with neutral acidity and a sufficient level of fertility, due to the high productivity of the variety. If necessary, deep digging of the soil and removal of weeds from the site should be made by introducing basic fertilizers and liming.
Sowing seeds "Claudio-f1" on seedlings should focus on the period required for ripening the crop, which is about 72−78 days. As a rule, depending on the cultivation region, sowing is carried out in February – March. Before transplanting to a permanent place, seedlings should be hardened, and planting in open ground should coincide with sufficient heating of the soil and the establishment of warm weather, not only during the day, but also at night.
This hybrid form belongs to the determinant type, so when preparing the planting holes, it is advisable to adhere to the standard plant layout with a distance of 30x30 cm or 35x35 cm. Before planting, fill the soil with a fertile soil mixture and moisten it abundantly. On sunny days, the plants in the first week of adaptation need shading and maintaining the soil moisture at a sufficient level.
Growing a hybrid form of foreign breeding "Claudio-f1" is not too complicated and burdensome, but involves the observance of cultivation technology. Of course, there are some differences in the agricultural practices of Bulgarian pepper in protected ground conditions and on ridges in the open air, however, there are general recommendations in terms of growing this healthy and tasty garden crop:
Planting seedlings in open ground
At the end of May, when the air temperature will be around 22 ° C, you can start planting seedlings in open ground. It is best to do this in the morning or in the evening. The distance between the holes should be 50 cm, and between the rows should stick to 60 cm. Their depth should not differ from the depth of the seating capacity. Bush is not recommended to plant with bare roots. Therefore, together with the earthy clod, you need to lower the seedling into the hole and half fill it with fertile soil. Next, you need to water each seedling well, using a bucket of water in three holes. After the water is absorbed, cover the wells with earth to the top. The root neck should be at ground level. After planting, it is desirable to mulch the area with peat peat.