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Types of privet ordinary, how to grow a hedge

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Modern country and country estates rarely do without hedges from various shrubs. Such a fence is multifunctional: it divides a large area into areas, protects economic blocks, protects the area from dust and wind, and serves as an ornament to the estate.

The privet shrub (ligustrum vulgare) is very popular for creating hedges. This plant is perfect for the climate of the Central Russian strip. Other varieties of privet are too thermophilic and freeze in conditions of a cold Russian winter.

Useful information

Privet ordinary - It is a perennial shrub reaching a height of 2-4 meters. The plant has more than fifty varieties. In Russia, it most often grows in the mountainous regions of the Caucasus and the Crimea; shrubs are also common in southwestern Ukraine and in the north of Moldova. You can meet privet and in East Asian countries.

The plant has shiny oblong leaves, growing to 10-12 cm, dark green on top and soft green on the back side. The shrub blossoms with small creamy-white inflorescences with a pleasant aroma in the form of a whisk. Flowering begins in the first days of July and lasts 3 weeks.

Privet privet is well adapted to drought, dust, smoke and cold weather. However, when the air temperature is below 30 degrees it may freeze.

Reproduction of the bush cuttings

To plant a hedge from a privet you can propagate the shrub by cutting. This method will take a period of 2-3 years, but it is more economical in terms of monetary investment.

Cuttings are cut in the summer after flowering, starting from the end of June until the end of July. You need to choose the branches with a diameter of about 1 cm and a length of 10 to 12 cm. These are mature shoots, crisp at breakage. Winter cuttings are also used for reproduction, but they take root much worse.

It is necessary to plant cuttings with an inclination of 45 degrees under a glass greenhouse, no deeper than 5 cm in the cleaned coarse sand, laid a small 5-cm layer on the sod-sand substrate. Until the shoot has taken root, it is necessary to maintain a temperature in the greenhouse at 20-25 degrees and make sure that the humidity level does not decrease.

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Prive: common planting hedge

If there is no time to wait, and you want to quickly implement the planting of a hedge, then you need to buy ready-made seedlings no older than 5 years in the garden market. Their roots must be packed in sackcloth, box or pot. The privet shrub multiplies very quickly, so no more than 20 seedlings are needed for planting. During one season, the seedlings will take root and grow to the size of a hedge.

Before planting a hedge is necessary set the stage. First you need to outline the line of plantings and strengthen along the tightly stretched rope. Then, next to the rope, dig a groove with a half-meter width and depth. Planting seedlings at an interval of 40-45 cm and prikopat roots in the ground.

Cropping and crown formation

For the formation of a thick beautiful crown shrub needed regularly prunestarting from the second year of planting. From such a branched crown, you can create a hedge of any shape, which should correspond to its purpose.

In order to obtain a strict crown shape, a special frame made of bars fastened to a trapezium is used, that is, the lower part of the frame is 15–25 cm wider than the top. Trimming the shrub in the shape of a rectangle is not recommended, as the lower branches may become bare because of insufficient light.

In modern garden design privet is cut spherical, semicircular, cubic and other geometric shapes. This so-called topiarny art - the fruit of imagination of creative gardeners, who manage the crowns of shrubs to give the appearance of architectural buildings, animals, people, and everything that you can imagine!

For pruning use pruner and pruner. For the first time, it is necessary to cut more than half of the grown shoots, and the following years can be cut to 70% growth. Such crown cultivation reduces flowering, but as a result, the growth of foliage and branches increases significantly.

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Top dressing, watering and care of a bush

Most needed watering turquoise in the hot summer and especially the young shrubs. This factor is enhanced if the plant is planted on sandy clay soil, cracking from lack of water. In such a soil, the shrub grows poorly, so not very frequent, but abundant watering of at least 30 liters per 1 square meter is required, about 5-6 times over the entire period of plant development.

During the spring digging the soil under the shrub is fed with sand, lime. And also time in every two to three years are fed plant fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphate, potash) 10-15 grams per 1 square meter. It is better to introduce fertilizers in the fall, so the shrub will overwinter better. It is possible to feed the plant during the growing season, it increases the fertility of the soil, and saturates the shrub with nutrients.

The appearance on the foliage of privet greenish-gray spots indicates high acidification of the soil. On such a land, weeds thrive well, but such soil is not suitable for privet, therefore systematic feeding of it with lime, chalk or dolomite flour is required.

Weeding and loosening the soil produced in late spring, as soon as the snow melts. At this time, it is already well moistened and heated. Also carried out and mulching the surface of the earth under a bush, that is, its coverage with various materials: grass, bark, sawdust. This preserves soil fertility, protects shrub roots from drying out and prevents the growth of weeds.

In the early years, the green hedge will be somewhat "tousled", but every year, growing and thickening, thanks to regular haircuts and proper care, it will change, taking a strict form and delighting the inhabitants of the garden plot with its impeccable look!

Properties of privet

In the people, this shrub is called the wolf berry. For hedgerows, only those species that grow in the form of a shrub are used. Trees are suitable only for the formation of a separate landscape group.

Usually green living fence made of common privet. She has the greatest tolerance for pruning and weather conditions in a temperate climate. If privet is used, the hedge is very dense with a height of 1.5 to 3 meters. You can try to make the fence even higher, but at the limit of its capabilities (4 m) the shrub will not be able to develop a large density of branches.

Privet privet is a close relative of lilac, but its flowers do not have a high decorative effect. In addition, with constant pruning shrubs can not always blossom and bear fruit, because the branches are usually cut off, which lay the ovaries of flowers. So the main value of privet in the production of green hedges is that it is possible to form precisely dense thickets of different shapes and heights.

Privet seedlings preferably planted as close as possible

Design properties of privet are that with its help you can quickly create a living fence with a high density of trunks, branches and leaves. Since privet is distinguished by its ability to grow rapidly, not only a hedge can be formed from its bushes, but also individual compositions, including sculptures.

Hedge planting layout

In spite of the fact that common privet is the most popular type for forming a live fence, experienced gardeners sometimes use different types of representatives of this genus. This contributes to the fact that the living wall becomes motley due to different shades of leaves.

The scheme of planting bushes to create a fence depends on the following factors:

  • botanical and design preferences gardener,
  • climatic characteristics of the area
  • features of the lighting area
  • soil quality
  • placing nearby other plant species.

Privet well-shaped and can take any form.

Any type of privet is very picky about lighting, and to form a thick and wide wall, it is necessary that the thicket of the day is lit from all sides. You can place the bushes along the wall or high deaf fence. However, in this case it is necessary that there is a distance of at least two meters between the wall and the bushes. Otherwise it will be very difficult to form a hedge.

It is important! Since privet should grow in one place for a very long time, for its placement it is necessary to choose fertile soil with good drainage. In the overmoistened lowlands, of course, it is possible to form a hedge, but in this case there will be difficulties: the lower and completely shaded parts of the bushes can be affected by fungus and putrefactive bacteria.

If in the area that you want to plant with privet bushes, the soil is bad, you will have to improve it by introducing a large amount of organic matter to a depth of at least a meter. Her gradual rot will nourish the undergrowth, which will save you from the need for frequent feeding.

In order for the bushes to form a real wall, the site must be carefully marked before planting. After that, along the line of the location of the future hedge it is necessary to stretch the rope. A trench is dug along them 50 cm wide and 65 cm deep. Its length is determined only by the desire and capabilities of the gardener.

Privet works well for creating landscape gardening sculptures.

In this trench lay a layer of manure (you can even fresh), on top of it you need to place the grass, sawdust, peat or leaves. It is preferable to lay a layer of dry leaves, because they are best rot.

If the earth needs liming, then a small layer of lime and complex mineral fertilizers are poured over organic matter. Such a pillow will feed the plants for many years. If you combine it with a periodic dressing, the privet will quickly fill all the space allotted to it, after which you can form a fence of the desired height and shape.

Note. Usually the bushes are planted in one row. If you need a wide and very dense hedge, then the plants can be planted in two rows, but the planting scheme itself should be kept in a checkerboard style.

The distance between seedlings should not be less than 50 cm. This is due to the fact that each specimen needs to form a full-fledged crown and root well. Only after that they will be able to become full participants in the design experiments of gardeners. If densely planted seedlings do not have time to form the root system before the haircut, they will simply die, and holes will form in the hedge.

Features landing privet

How to plant a privet in order to quickly form a living dense wall? The method of planting and breeding bushes, everyone chooses according to circumstances.

Privet common is widely used for parks

There are four ways of breeding this plant:

Each method has its advantages and disadvantages.

To create a hedge it is better to use ready saplings or cuttings. With proper planting, they can grow at a speed of 60 cm per year. Having reached the adult state, they quickly start up root growth, which allows forming the width and necessary density of the fence.

If it is possible to take cuttings directly from an adult plant, then it is better to choose young, but sufficiently developed branches. The optimal length of the cutting is 10-15 cm. The branch is separated from the mother plant by an oblique cut, and then placed in the soil. To speed up the process of rooting and to protect against drying, the cuttings are covered with a can or a plastic bottle. After the cuttings take root and release the first leaflets, the protection can be removed.

For trimming a privet, you can use a normal garden shears

Seedlings are placed immediately according to the scheme described above. They need to be planted so that the roots were straight. Before planting in the hole, it is desirable to pour hot water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This will kill the pathogens and enrich the soil with potassium and manganese.

Usually, seeds are not used for the formation of a hedge from a privet, because it will not be possible to see the results of their work soon. If such planting material is chosen, the seeds must first be checked for germination, and then planted in the same way as cuttings, but twice thicker. If the germination is high, then the extra shoots can be transplanted to other areas.

How to care for privet

In the absence of proper care, the plant will not be able to compensate for the traumatic effect of pruning on the shoots, as a result of which the bushes will start to hurt and die off.

The concept of care includes the following activities:

  1. Periodic watering. This should be done only in drought conditions. With a shortage of water, the bushes will no longer produce new branches to replace remote ones. As a result, the fence will begin to shrink and thin.
  2. Regular feeding. In order to wall of privet was all the time fresh and green, it must be fed twice a season with fertilizer. Despite the fact that the privet bushes only need to constantly form new shoots and leaves, fertilizers should be complex. It is best to carry out watering a mixture of manure dissolved in water and wood ash. In this mixture has everything you need to maintain the viability of the plant. Sometimes a liquid feed can be replaced by simply scattering complex mineral fertilizers under bushes. It all depends on the condition of the soil. Water feeding gives a quick effect, and scattering fertilizer affects a few months.
  3. Pruning. It is performed once during the initial formation of the crown. Then you just need to remove shoots, knocked out of the total number.

A privet hedge will be a great backdrop for other plants and flowers.

A green fence is like a lawn. And the one and the other need all the time to cut, water and fertilize.

Recently, there has been an interesting approach to the combination of different types of plants in the formation of hedges. For example, from a rapidly growing privet it is possible to form a narrow, but high hedge, and a cotoneaster is planted next to the second lane. Get a double fence. It will look especially beautiful in autumn, when black berries are visible in the upper tier, and red berries in the lower tier.

Combines privet well with spirea bushes. A solid green wall will well emphasize the magnificence of flowering bushes of different types of spirea. Even more interesting is the combination of privet with a line of Kuril tea bushes.

We offer you to get acquainted with the subtleties of cutting and the formation of privet. Enjoy watching!

Description and characteristics

Privet or Ligustrum - thick, branched shrub of the olive family.

The plant is tall, without pruning in open ground reaches a height of 5 meters.

Leaves are leathery, oblong, lanceolate, green, in some species with a yellow or golden tint. The upper side is dark, the back is light.

With proper pruning forms dense forms. Planting privet for hedgerow used in landscape design.

In home culture is grown in the form of bonsai. In the presence of conditions of cool content from it turns a spectacular tree in the popular style.

Differs in long flowering (June August). Inflorescence racemes or paniculata, white, with a pleasant aroma. Fruits are bluish-black, spherical, formed in September.

Features care at home and in the garden

Ligustum - unpretentious. It can be placed anywhere in the garden. Tolerates shadow and partial shade. But the most active growth and branching occurs when placed in the sun, where it blooms beautifully and abundantly.

Evergreen species are suitable for indoor maintenance. Good forms different shapes.

To your attention a photo of a hedge from a privet:

The following conditions are necessary when planting privet and caring for it in the garden:

  • landing spot - sunny or partial shade,
  • soil and planting technique: terms - September-October. A pit is prepared with a drainage layer of 20 cm. The second layer is the ground with the addition of a nitroammofoski (130g / m2). The soil should have low acidity, limestone or dolomite flour is added to it,

  • care: as soon as the snow melts, the soil must be plowed and mulched. At the same time carry out the introduction of mineral mixtures,
  • watering: rare - 5-6 times per season, but plentiful up to 40 l / m2,
  • fertilizer: after spring feeding in the summer they apply organic matter. Combine with watering. Potassium (15g / m2) is added once every three years,
  • trimming: held in early spring. All dried, weak branches are removed, beautiful form is given. For the density of the crown nip the top shoots,

At home

This shrub has a flexible stem, and it can easily be given a suitable shape. В связи с этим деревца в стиле бонсай из бирючины приобрели популярность в комнатном цветоводстве:

  • место для выращивания: хорошо проветриваемое, прохладное помещение. Летом можно держать на балконе. Обязателен доступ света, но не прямые солнечные лучи. Можно содержать на северном окне, так как растение легко переносит легкое затенение. In the heat can lose the leaves, so you need to provide cool,
  • soil requirements: suitable universal ready mix. An adult tree does not tolerate transplantation, therefore, it uses the method of partial replacement of the substrate every two years,
  • growing temperature: the air should be cool - privet does not withstand high temperatures. But drafts and cold air from the vents are contraindicated to her,
  • watering: regular, uniform, plain tap water,
  • top dressing: every two weeks during growth. Used special fertilizer for bonsai. In the winter - once a month
  • formation: starts at a very early age. The most popular are vertical and bark-like styles. The procedure is carried out using wire, securing the branches in the desired position. Young shoots longer than 20 centimeters cut,
  • cleaning the crown and trunk: regularly remove dried and fallen leaves. Moss growing on the trunk is cleaned with a brush 2 times a year.

For indoor species suitable mixture of sod and humus.

Young specimens are transplanted annually, adults do not need frequent transplantation, it is enough to do this every two to three years.

It is also possible partial replacement of the upper layer. The plant is removed from the old dishes and soaked in a bath for half an hour to clean the roots.

They are carefully unraveled, the bottom dry tips are pruned. A new drainage tank is filled in, then a small layer of earth.

Then set the plant, evenly distributing the roots. For decorative dishes are taken flat and wide. So that the plant is well kept and does not fall out of capacity, the roots are fixed with the help of wire.

It is threaded into the holes in the bottom of the pot and entangled around the roots. The tree is slightly shifted from the center. Soil ram, leaving no voids.

Top landing covered with clay. It retains moisture and serves as an indicator for watering. The tree needs to be moistened as soon as the clay layer has brightened. Planted tree put in the basin and shed plenty of water, which is allowed to drain.

Further care is shaping. Unnecessary leaves are removed, and the branches in the right direction are sent using wire.

Cuttings

Quick way receive full copies. Held in July. Cuttings are cut to the end of flowering. Winter lignified cuttings root poorly. Cut well-developed, new, large shoots.

Suitability of the cutting for rooting is checked on a fracture - it must produce a crunch characteristic of wood. Billets with a length of 11-12 centimeters and 1 centimeter in diameter are planted in washed sand poured in a layer of 5 centimeters on the main substrate — a mixture of turf soil and sand.

Cuttings with a cut at an acute angle, deepened by 5-6 cm. Dishes covered with glass and kept at about 250 and high humidity. After two weeks, the first roots appear, fully develop after 3 months.

Layering (overgrowth)

A way to get full copies in the shortest possible time. Cultivation or cuttings are formed abundantly. They should be removed in time to preserve the decorative plantings.

At the same time, when carefully digging, seedlings with the root system already laid can be obtained. The specimens obtained in this way are planted in a permanent place and grown according to general recommendations.

Ligustum resistant to diseases but sometimes spots of a grayish or greenish color appear on the leaves.

This comes from the increased acidity of the soil. To help solve the problem liming in the fall.

In the wet cool weather can get powdery mildew (white bloom) or leaf blotch (clarification of areas).

To prevent them, treatment with copper-containing preparations (Xom, Oxy) and fungicides is carried out. They are used to prevent and treat leaf curl.

This fungus is manifested in the form of thickening, redness and twisting of the leaves. They must be removed from the bush and burned, and the plant sprayed with a fungicide.

Indoor species can get sick mosaic spotting. The lesion is manifested in the form of uneven color. Carrier disease serves as aphids, so the first thing you need to protect the plant from this pest. To prevent the disease can be regular feeding and treatment with fungicides.

To the pests privet include:

  • worm: affects young shoots and leaves,
  • spider mite: settles on the underside of leaves, multiplies rapidly. Nibbles the leaves and sucks the juices
  • aphid: covers shoots and leaves that start to wither and fall. On its sticky secretions, the fungus infecting the plant additionally develops,
  • thrips: appears at high temperature and low humidity. It lives on the underside of the leaves, and on the top it appears as white dots,
  • shield: during its reproduction, the leaves become covered with brown spots, wither and fall off, as the insect feeds on juices,
  • weevils: amaze indoor species. Leave the edges of the leaves. Destroyed by insecticides.

A way to combat the shield is the use of Aktellik or Karbofos. The remaining pests are destroyed by Decis, Fitoverm or Inta-Vyr.

Privet has a number of medicinal properties:

  • bark - contains phenols, tannins. It is used to treat diarrhea, pneumonia, bronchitis,
  • leaves - contain alkaloids, sugars, vitamin C, flavonoids, tannins. The decoction is used as part of mixtures for the treatment of angina, pharyngitis, stomatitis, female diseases,
  • flowers - They have a lot of essential oils. A decoction of them is applied externally with laryngitis and stomatitis.

In addition to therapeutic use, it has a number of properties that allow it to be used for the following purposes:

  • fruits, bark, leaves - color yarn, fabrics, canvases in various tones,
  • wood - suitable for the manufacture of turning products and pencils.

Privet for hedge

Also use privet for hedges, which can be of various shapes.

Unlike European gardens in which it is grown to two meters, in Russia such a height will cause frost damage to the crown.

therefore height limit height of 50-70 cm. This is the optimal size for a snow blanket in the winter cold.

To create a hedge, bushes are planted at a distance of 60-70 cm. When planting a hedge, at least a meter recede from stationary buildings, for further unimpeded cutting.

Choosing a place spend digging a half bayonet shovels 60 cm wide. The pit is filled with water and filled with compost. Plants are planted and watered constantly in the first two weeks. Then the frequency is reduced. Haircut is carried out with the help of garden shears, pruner.

Types of curbs

Geometric. Bushes are cut in the form of a trapezoid with a narrowing at the top. With this pruning, the bottom of the crown is evenly illuminated. The narrowing should not be sharp, so as not to catch the eye.

The formation of the desired shape is carried out gradually, as the shrub grows. First, sticking shoots are pruned. In this way, the lateral and upper faces are formed within five to six years.

Karikomi. Such pruning is popular in Japan. Bushes shaped pillows. Several planted alongside copies are combined into one rounded flat pillow.

Border closed form. Such edging decorative compositions used for planting flower beds inside them.

From such compositions mini-gardens are obtained, possessing a special decorative effect.

Inside you can have ground cover perennials, annual blooming species and even coniferous gardens.

Care is watering fertilizer. On the meter meter make a bucket of humus sprinkling evenly. 10-15 grams of superphosphate are poured on the humus on top. Fertilizers are embedded in the soil.

Feeding privet, used as a hedge are necessary. They increase the decorative effect, since contribute to the intensity of color, abundant flowering, fruit formation and density of the crown. In June, it is recommended to add minerals in combination with nitrogen, and a month later - phosphorus and potassium.

At the beginning of winter, the curbs are covered with snow. In the spring, the snow is not shed waiting for gradual natural melting. It is necessary to moisten the soil. Bright, dense green of a hedge from a privet, at the correct care of it, and its magnificent flowering will become undoubted decoration of your garden.

Privet privet, description and varieties

Privet privet (or, as it is also called, “ligistrum”) refers to evergreen and deciduous plants, presented in the form of small shrubs and trees (the description of different species will differ). They are most common in Europe, Australia, Asia and North Africa. But most of the species are represented in the flora of Japan, the Himalayas, China and Taiwan.

Did you know?The Latin name of the plant comes from the verb "ligare", which means "to bind". In truth, this is fully explained by the astringent properties of privet.

Often you can hear another name of the plant - wild (or European) privet. Semi-evergreen and deciduous shrubs can reach three meters in height, and their erect stems are covered with small lentils. The leaves are oval in shape, their length reaches 6 cm with a width of up to 1.5 cm. The flowers have a pleasant creamy white shade and are gathered into panicles, and the smell is quite sharp.

Beautiful glossy berries adorn the plant until the end of December-January, but still you should not touch the fruits - they are poisonous.

If privet ordinary, which, by the way, requires special conditions of planting and care, grows in regions with a cool climate, the plant will shed most of the leaves, while in areas with high temperatures it can rightly be considered an evergreen planting.

As for the varieties of privet, theirthere are more than 50 species therefore, we briefly describe only the most famous.

Privet is brilliant. Presented as an evergreen shrub or small tree, which mainly grows in southern Russia. Plant height can reach 15 meters. The leaves of privet shining have an oblong ovoid shape, 15 cm in size.

Flowers are almost white, and the length of their panicles is 17 cm. With the arrival of autumn, the tree is complemented by fruits of dark blue color. This type of privet perfectly got accustomed in the cities, and it can very well tolerate considerable frosts (up to -15 degrees) and does not require much sunlight.

Lepidoptera - a type more widespread in the vastness of Japan. It is represented by shrubs, the height and width of which is 4 m. This variety is distinguished by bright green oval leaves about 6 cm long. As in the previous version, the flowers have a white color, and their panicle reaches 10 cm.

Important!The black glossy fruits of torpid primrose are very poisonous, so it is worth treating them with extreme caution.Golden privet - more ornamental plant, different bright golden leaves that can well decorate the garden in the summer and in the winter. In general, this unpretentious shrub still requires good lighting and sufficiently moist soil and without these conditions will grow poorly. The leaves are oval, two-colored (green in the middle, and golden on the sides). Cream flowers, collected in a panicle, the size of which is 10 cm, and berries, as in the previous embodiment, are very dangerous for humans.

Japanese privet - an evergreen shrub 3-4 m high. It should be noted that this species is very picky about the composition of the soil, although it tolerates frosts and lack of light. The flowering period of the Japanese shrub is shorter than that of other varieties of privet, but it perfectly keeps its shape and takes root in the gardens of the city. This type of shrubs can be called a highly decorative plant, which is largely due to the leathery dark green leaves, compact crown and blunt tip.

Did you know?This type of privet shrub has been used in landscape design since 1845 as a hedge material. It is perfect for both single landings, and for the decoration of edges.View of Aurea - Another valuable variety of privet, characterized by variegated leaves. It is this feature that makes it so popular with designers. Aurea bushes reach up to 3 m in height and up to 2 m in width, which allows them to perfectly fit into the interior of any garden. Dark-colored ellipsoid leaves are supplemented with a yellow border, and the flowers have a soft cream color and are gathered in neat panicles.

This variety is unpretentious to the composition of the soil and tolerates small droughts well. Moreover, Aurea belongs to the frost-resistant species, although in the central part of Russia it is desirable to shelter the plant. If winter is not very cold and snowy enough, then privet bushes of this species may not shed their leaves.

View "Sinese" (or, as it is called, "Chinese ligostrum") is no less popular among gardeners. About one million hectares of land in different regions of the planet is given to plants of this variety. This evergreen shrub can reach seven meters in height, and the original look made it very popular among landscape designers.

Green leaves about 7 cm long and about 3 cm wide fall for the winter.

Privet variegated - It is a shrub of dark green color, which is a variety of privet Chinese. Plum-white flowers are formed into clusters, thereby giving the plant a pleasant appearance. The leaves are pointed, and on their edges is a golden border. This garden shrub does not differ in large size, and its height is from 1.2 to 1.5 m.

Planting rules of privet ordinary

Like any other plant, common privet requires adherence to certain planting rules. Do not forget that this plant is a "resident" of the undergrowth, so it endures the absence of sunlight. Moreover, privet is not afraid of drought and unpretentious to the choice of soil. However, the plant will grow poorly on sour and dry sandy soils. Therefore, if you want it to reach the peak of its beauty, it is necessary to properly prepare the soil: it must be moderately moist, nutritious and have a weak alkaline reaction.

The optimal composition of the soil is a mixture of sod, humus and sand in the ratio of 3: 2: 1. It is better to plant the plant in the open area, departing from buildings 70-100 cm. As for the specific time of transplantation, it can be done at any time during the growing season, but best of all - in the spring, before the buds swell. True, some lovers of planting ornamental shrubs in the fall, on the contrary, believe that the ideal time for planting privet is September-October.

Before planting the bushes, be sure to dig up the selected area to the depth of the spade bayonet, and then dig a hole. Its dimensions should correspond to the value 65x65, and the depth should be greater than the root system of privet (ideally, it should be 30 cm more). Having dug a hole, fill it with water and wait until the liquid is absorbed. Then pour a layer of crushed stone 10-20 cm thick at the bottom and form a mound of soil mixture (nitroammophos and other minerals are mixed into the soil). Privet seedling placed on a mound, straighten its roots and fill the pit with the same soil mixture, only without fertilizers.

Within a month, it will be necessary to ensure that the soil around the sapling does not dry out, and only after that it will be possible to mulch the area around the privet with a layer of peat 5-8 cm thick.

How to care for turquoise

Caring for privet must begin even before its landing in the ground. Selection of the correct composition of the soil is the first step towards successful plant growth. The soil should be fertile, with an average level of acidity and have a drainage system (at a depth of about 60 cm). In addition, a little lime should be added to the prepared soil.

Experienced gardeners are advised to grow the plant in a sunny place, although in the shade it will feel very good. Also privet safely copes with drought, waterlogging and is able to withstand frosts unswervingly in winter, although a decrease in air temperature to -35 ° C can lead to the destruction of the shrub.

One of the highlights of caring for turquoise is the process of watering it. Despite the fact that this plant calmly endures dry days, if it is not watered at all, the cracked earth will destroy the bush. That is why water and spray the plant should be as often as possible, especially when it is very hot outside. In order not to fill the shrub, try to reduce the amount of watering and at the same time increase the volume of water at a time. The soil must be wetted only 50 cm.

The fact that privet will develop in almost any conditions is a fact, but how fast it will grow depends largely on the quality of irrigation. It should be noted that a growing tree often requires 30-40 liters of fluid per day.

Weed removal and pruning

The second important issue when caring for a plant is pruning privet. In most cases, this procedure is carried out in the spring when, when thinning bushes, the diseased branches are removed. Hedges are trimmed in May and August, and for the winter, it is advisable to bend down to the ground as much as possible and cover something, as they can easily freeze.

Dressing privet

Feeding privet is made every 2-3 years, in early spring. Если на листьях кустарников или деревьев появляются сероватые или зеленые пятна, это означает, что почва на дачном участке имеет повышенный уровень кислотности. In this case, do not forget to pay attention to a number of growing plants: horsetail, wood lice, sorrel, plantain and tricolor violet, because these weeds prefer acidic soil. To solve this problem and avoid the appearance of spots on the leaves, it is necessary to periodically liming the soil. Usually this process falls in the fall. A thin layer of slaked lime crumbles according to the level of soil acidity:

  • light, sandy soils - 250-300 g / m2,
  • moderate podzolic soils - 300-440 g / m2,
  • heavy humus, loamy and clay soils - 500-600 g / m2.

Another good way to normalize soil acidity is to use dolomite flour. It contributes to the enrichment of the soil with valuable trace elements for plants: magnesium, potassium, etc.

The amount of dolomite flour introduced into the open ground depends on the soil acidity level:

  • acidic soil (pH less than 4) requires 500-550 g / m2,
  • medium acid (pH 4.5-5.2) - 450-500 g / m2,
  • slightly acidic soil (pH is 5.2-5.6) - 350-450 g / m2.

The main advantages of this fertilizer are low price and unlimited shelf life.

Propagation of privet at the cottage

There are two possible ways to reproduce the privet shrub: by grafting and by means of seeds. Each of them is in demand in certain conditions.

In terms of reproduction as a privet evergreen, and deciduous species of this plant are not particularly demanding. You can simply chop off a part of a bush with a shovel and plant it, or dig out the root offspring and move them away from the mother bush. As for propagation by cuttings, it is best done in July, using the young ends from this summer. Carrying out grafting in June, you can use last year’s branches.

The process of grafting of privet is carried out in the same way as blackcurrant: having chosen the right place (in the shade or in the sun), it is necessary to dig up and remove the roots of perennial weeds. Then manure is added to the soil, or well-rotten compost, and watered well. From above it is better to pour the washed sand, into which the cuttings of privet are planted.

When breeding using otvodok, you need to bend down to the soil one of the lowest branches, and before dropping to make on the bark a few grooves (using a thin needle). After that, the twig is buried in the soil, and the moss is put on top - sphagnum, or the wet soil is simply poured and covered with a film (protects the soil from drying). Also, a hydrogel can be preloaded under the pressed branch, which will retain moisture and provide an opportunity not to engage in regular watering of the prikatanny branch for a whole month. Did you know?The common name of privet ordinary - "wolfberry".

Using privet in landscape design

Privet privet, which does not take much time to plant and care for, is one of the most sought-after plants in landscape design. Many shrubs and trees grow fairly quickly and can add up to half a meter per year. Certain varieties of it are used as bonsai. Dwarf plants with beautiful flowers and shiny leaves are well suited for decorating houses.

The formation of bonsai from young plants is better to start two years after planting. Rectangular flat containers are well suited for this. It is recommended to immediately remove the leaves of privet leaves, on which yellowness appeared, and not only from the plant, but also from the ground. Brush the barrel once or twice a year with the obligatory removal of moss. It is advisable to transplant shrubs once every two years, carrying it out in early spring. You can cut not only the branches, but also the roots, which, by the way, need abundant watering.

Important!Care must be taken to avoid drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations in the environment. When preparing a place for planting a hedge from a privet, you need to pull the rope along the previously marked line (marked to create a future row of greenery). After that, a small hole is dug, 50-70 cm deep and up to 50 cm wide. The bushes of the plant are placed into it, and the distance between the neighboring bushes should correspond to 30-50 cm.

After planting, the cuttings need to be watered properly - to achieve the maximum effect, the liquid is poured at the root.

If you need a beautiful turquoise hedge, you need to prepare special scissors and a rope, although a wooden frame-shaped template is best suited. It can be made independently of the bars.

Did you know?Landscape designers most often use golden privet. It easily takes the desired shape, and its main advantage is the acceptable cost of the plant and its excellent decorative properties. Thus, privet is an excellent solution to the problem of improvement of your summer cottage, and with certain knowledge you can get an excellent "live" fence.

Botanical description

Privet, or ligistrum, belongs to the group of evergreen and deciduous plants. It is also called wild or European. It grows in the form of small trees or shrubs, depending on its species. It is most commonly found in China, Japan, the Himalayas and Taiwan. Culture is also common in North Africa, Asia, Australia and European countries.

Privet primrose grows in the form of shrubs up to 2 meters, and trees grow up to 6 meters in height. The width of the bushes is limited to 1 meter. Trees differ sprawling crown. The leaves of the plant are simple opposite, ring-shaped and leathery. The upper part of the leaf plate is colored dark green, and the lower one has a lighter shade and a sharpened one. Leaf length up to 6 cm in length and 1.5 cm in width.

During the flowering period, the tips of the sprouts of the privet leaves are covered with small creamy-white flowers. These are loose paniculate inflorescences ranging in size from 6 to 18 cm. They emit a rather sharp aroma. The flowering period begins in June and lasts almost 3 months. Then the plant is decorated with beautiful glossy fruits. They are small and rounded in dark color, containing 1–4 seeds in each. Berries are not suitable for use.as poisonous.

Plant species

In total, there are about fifty varieties of privet. All of them are derived from pristine species. Each has its own differences in size, color and climatic conditions of cultivation. The most popular are:

  • Privet shining is a small tree or an evergreen shrub and can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters. The leaves are ovate, oblong, up to 15 cm in size. It blooms in milky white flowers with panicle lengths up to 17 cm. When autumn comes, dark blue fruits appear. The plant is not demanding to light and tolerates temperatures well down to -15 o C,
  • Oval leaf is the most common species in Japan. It is a shrub reaching in height and width up to 4 meters. Differs in oval-shaped leaves up to 6 cm long in bright green color. It blooms with white panicle, 10 cm in size. The fruits of this variety are very poisonous and require careful handling,
  • Golden refers to the decorative and different golden leaves. Serves as decorations for the garden at any time of the year. The leaves are oval in shape, golden at the edges, green at the center. The plant needs good lighting, but not demanding care. The flowers have a cream color, the size of panicles is about 10 cm, the fruits are very poisonous,
  • Japanese privet is an evergreen shrub and grows up to 3-4 m. It is not demanding to light and tolerates sub-zero temperatures, but needs good soil composition. It survives well, it is distinguished by its ideal form, but it has a short flowering period. It stands out against the background of other species with a compact crown, leathery leaves of dark green color,
  • Privet Aurea (yellow leaf) also belongs to the most valuable varieties. Its variegated leaves emphasize the decorativeness of the plant. The height of the bush is up to 3 m, and the width is up to 2 m. Such dimensions allow to fit perfectly into the landscape design. Dark green leaves with a yellow border of an ellipsoid shape, and flowers, collected in neat panicles, have a pale cream color. This is a frost-resistant form, unpretentious to the composition of the soil, tolerates dry weather well,
  • Privet is a variegated Chinese variety. Dark green shrub with plum-white color flowers. The pointed form of the leaves surrounded by a golden color. The height of the bush is small from 1.2 to 1.5 m, which makes the plant very attractive for landscaping.

Planting and Care Rules

This plant prefers to grow in the undergrowth, therefore it is considered shade tolerant. Sandy, dry and acidic soils are not suitable for growing in the garden. Planting and care Turquoise ordinary simple. However, to achieve good decorative properties, it is necessary to ensure the best possible conditions. To do this, choose a free space, retreating from the buildings at least 0.7−1.0 meters.

The site for planting should first dig and dig a hole not less than 65 cm wide. It should be more than the root system by about 30 cm in depth. To ensure good drainage, a layer of rubble is poured into the bottom. The soil mixture is made from the following composition:

  • 2 pieces of humus,
  • 3 pieces of turf,
  • 1 part of sand.

Water is poured into the excavated pit to the top, after which it is necessary to wait until it is absorbed. then the mixture is poured into it and a hillock is made of it, adding mineral or organic fertilizers there. The roots of the seedlings are placed on the prepared soil mixture and spread them out. After this, the pit is filled with the remaining soil, but without additional feeding. About 1 month you need to regularly moisten the soil and make sure that the soil does not dry out. Then around the planted shrubs need to mulch the earth. For this purpose, peat, lined with a layer of 5−8 cm.

Experienced gardeners recommend planting privet on lighted areas. Regular care of the plant includes: watering, loosening the soil, removing weeds and applying top dressing at the very beginning of each season. Mineral and organic fertilizers are suitable for this. Be sure to trim to form a beautiful crown.

Creating a hedge

Properly planted and well-groomed privet creates excellent landscape design when it is planted as a hedge. With the help of such shrubs it is good to enclose areas for recreation, children's games, gazebos, paths. They help to shape any configuration of land. To do this, dig trenches with a depth of 60 cm and a width of 50 cm and then seedlings are dropped in them, filled with soil, tamped and then watered.

It is very important in this design to pay attention to pruning bushes. The best time for such a procedure is early spring. During this period, dry and long branches are usually removed, freeing bushes. To create a hedge it is recommended to trim the privet twice a year. - in May and August. A dense crown is cut when the plant enters a phase of active development.

In order for the plant to survive well, its branches should be tilted closer to the ground and covered for insulation. Despite the fact that it tolerates sub-zero temperatures well, it can freeze when the winters are very severe.

Breeding methods

Today several methods of reproduction of this perennial and evergreen plant are practiced. Each of them has its own characteristics, advantages. Turquoise can be diluted in the garden using:

The most effective are cuttings and planting layering. Seed propagation is a very long and laborious process. Germination is about 65%, and beautiful ornamental fruits will have to wait at least 6 years after planting.

Seed material is selected only from the ripe and largest berries. They are placed in the water and the seed that drowns, suitable for planting in the ground. In October, they are sown into the soil, so that they undergo a natural stratification. The first shoots should appear in a year. You can also sow them in a container with sand and peat and keep at a temperature of 0 o C, and in the spring to land on a permanent place.

Privet cutting similar to blackcurrant breeding technology. To do this, prepare the site, dig it well and bring compost there, manure. All is well watered with water and then sprinkled with sand on top. Then planted cuttings are planted.

For reproduction by layering choose the lowest branches of the shrub. They are tilted to the ground, preliminarily making a thin groove on the bark. Selected sprig is instilled with fresh and moist soil. I can overthrow it with a film. It must be watered regularly throughout the month.

This plant is perfectly combined with perennial flowers, other ornamental shrubs and trees. Privet well tolerates a haircut and retains its shape for a long time, which is a great reason to create a hedge on a private plot.

general description

Shrub height, as a rule, reaches 2 m, and its width is equal to 1 meter. You can also find small trees with a spreading crown that can grow up to 6 m. The plant has entire, long, ovate leaves. Leafy plates are leathery, dark green from the top, lighter from the bottom. The leaves are located on the branches opposite.

The shrub also has small and fragrant white flowers. Flowers sessile, collected in loose apical paniculate inflorescences, the length of which ranges from 6 to 18 cm.

Flowering lasts about 3 months, starting in June.

After flowering in the shrub, berry-like small rounded drupe forms, which are fruits. Fruits can be dark blue or black, inside which is from 1 to 4 seeds.

Privet primer has a rather rapid development. Privet privet is the most winter-hardy species. It is this species that is most often grown in conditions of central Russia. You can also find golden privet. Below we look at what is planting and caring for common privet, and also get acquainted with the methods of reproduction of this plant.

In landscape design most often used to grow hedges from privet, although this shrub may look great in small groups, as well as a solo plant. Recently, bonsai privet has become very popular.

When to plant?

This shrub is an inhabitant of the undergrowth, therefore it is considered a shade-tolerant plant. In addition, privet common is gas-resistant and drought-resistant, unpretentious to the choice of soil. But it is worth noting that the plant will grow quite poorly on acidic and dry sandy soil. The maximum decorativeness of a privet can be achieved only in conditions favorable to it, therefore it is recommended to plant it in an open place, departing from buildings about 1 meter.

At the same time, the soil should be moderately wet, nutritious, well drained, neutral in relative acidity. The optimal composition of the soil are as follows.:

  • Three pieces of turf,
  • Two pieces of humus,
  • One piece of sand.

The graft can be transplanted at any time during the growing season, but it is recommended to do this in the spring, before buds begin to awaken. Despite this, many gardeners say that privet is best planted in September or October.

How to plant?

Before planting this plant in open ground, you must dig up the area to the depth of the spade bayonet. The pit must be the size 65 cm by 65 cm. The depth of the pit should be 30 cm larger than the size of the root system of the shrub. After that, the pit is filled with water. It is necessary to wait until the water is absorbed into the soil. When water is absorbed, it is necessary to put crushed stone, about 15 cm thick, into the pit. After that, a mound from the soil mixture, the composition of which was described above, is poured. At the same time, it is necessary to mix 130 g of nitroammofoski into the composition. A shrub sapling is placed on the resulting mound, its root system is spreading out, and the pit is filled with the same soil mixture, but without additional fertilizer.

During the month, it is necessary to ensure that the soil around the bush does not dry out. After planting, the site should be mulched with a layer of peat about 5 cm thick.

Planting of a hedge from a privet is carried out in a trench, the width of which should be about 50 cm, and a depth of about 60 cm. Shrubs should be placed at a distance of 30 cm from each other on the same principle as in a single planting. Then it remains only to fill the trench with soil and compact it, and then pour the seedlings under the root.

How to grow privet?

Caring for these plants includes:

  • Periodic watering
  • Soil loosening,
  • Weeding,
  • Pruning shrubs.

The process of caring for the plant will be facilitated by mulching the tree circle, but this should not be done in the period of early spring, but when the soil is already warm enough.

Watering the plant should be carried out only in case of a strong drought; in a moderate summer climate, the plant will have enough natural rainfall.

Увлажнение кустарника подразумевает то, что полив должен быть не только редким, но и обильным, так как почва должна промокнуть на глубину полуметра.Таким образом, за весь вегетационный период вам необходимо полить кустарник около 3 или 4 раз. Как правило, за один полив под каждый куст выливается от 30 до 40 литров воды.

Concerning подкормки privet, it is recommended to hold before the onset of summer. Top dressing is carried out with organic fertilizers, bringing them under each bush in one bucket of humus or compost. The green primer fence needs to be fed, sprinkling organic fertilizers near the plants, distributing the superphosphate granules from the top 10 g per square meter. Then all this needs to be shallowly embedded in the top layer of soil, followed by watering.

Pruning privet

If you still do not know how shrub trimming, privet will be the perfect example for this. This plant will withstand and hide all your flaws and miscalculations, as it has the property of rapid formation of shoots. The privet needs to be cut almost from the moment of its landing. As soon as young shrub seedlings are mastered in open ground and begin to grow, their shoots tops should be slightly shortened to stimulate tillering. And when the shoots grow another 15 cm, it is necessary to re-prune the plant.

These procedures are usually carried out for 2 years, while the bush intensively increases new material for the forming cutting.

When you see that the green mass on the bush will be quite enough to give the plant a certain external shape, you can proceed directly to the formation of the crown.

Recently, Japanese privet haircut in the form of thick pillows has become quite popular. This method of pruning is called karikomi.

On the territory of warm European countries, a living hedge from a privet can reach a height of 2 m, but in Russia during the winter period shrubs of such a height freeze, therefore it is recommended to cut the plants to a height of 50 cm. snow that makes escape from frost. Hedge trimming should be done in May or in August. If we talk about sanitary pruning, then it must be done in early spring, and all the branches broken during the winter, dried, frozen and diseased shoots are removed. The remaining branches should be shortened by one third.

Turquoise care in the fall

In our climate we grow, as a rule, privet common, as this species is frost-resistant, which withstands cooling up to 30 degrees of frost. If there is snow cover, then privet common can withstand temperatures up to 40 degrees. If the ends of the shoots of the plant suffer from severe frosts, the bushes quickly recover with the onset of spring. Privet privet is not covered for the winter period. But as for other species, for example, golden, it is advisable to bend them to the soil for the winter, after having thrashed the tree trunk bushes. In this position, the shoots are fixed and covered with spruce branches.

Possible diseases and pests

Privet is pretty resistant plant for almost all diseases, problems can arise only because of the increased acidity of the soil. In this case, the shrub can get the following diseases:

Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the soil pH value and timely add a deoxidizer to the soil.

As for pests, shrubs can strike the following:

One can get rid of any of the above pests with the help of Fitoverm or Actellic preparations. In order to avoid these problems with the cultivation of privet, you need to monitor the health of your plants and comply with agrotechnical conditions, as well as the rules of care.

Seed propagation

Immediately it should be noted that this process of breeding privet is very time consuming, and seed germination is not so high. This breeding method, as a rule, is used only for industrial cultivation of plants, so it does not make sense in the fall to collect seeds from your shrubs, because there are much simpler and more reliable methods of reproduction.

But if you decided to grow the privet from seeds, then you should choose the largest seeds from the ripe fruit, put them in a container with water and wait a while. After a few minutes, some seeds will float, and others will sink. Those seeds that have surfaced are not suitable for cultivation, and drowned ones can be stratified. Sowing of seeds is carried out in October in open ground. During the winter period, the seeds undergo a natural stratification, but seedlings will appear only after 1 year.

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