Increasingly, Russian gardeners grow bright licoris on their household plots. Such interest is associated with unpretentiousness and unusual beauty of the culture. In this article you will learn what licoris means in the language of flowers, as well as read the legend associated with this beautiful plant. In addition, there will be given the rules for the cultivation and care of this crop.
In Western countries, this plant is called spider or hurricane lily. And in Japanese culture they believe that licoris is the flower of death. According to legend, the two spirits of Manju and Saga once lived, whom the Buddhist God ordered to look after licoris. And one of them got the leaves, and the second the buds.
But once the spirits left their post, met each other, and immediately fell in love. The supreme god was very angry with them for self-will, and as punishment Saga and Manju should follow the flower until death. But more they could not meet each other. After all, when leaves appear, there are no buds, and vice versa.
Since then, in Japanese, the colors of licoris means separation, loneliness, failure. Moreover, in this country they believe that this plant appears on the edge of the underground roads of death, leading the dead to a new incarnation. Because of this belief, a flower is planted along cemeteries and near graves, and is also used in mourning rituals.
In Europe, this beautiful plant has no such gloomy meaning. And the flower licoris quietly grown in parks, gardens and even at home.
The licoris flower, the photo of which is given in the article, is a bulbous, perennial plant from the Amaryllis family. In the natural environment, it is found on the territory of South and East Asia. But thanks to the beauty of the flower has spread far beyond the borders of their homeland, and it is grown in Europe, America and even Australia.
The main feature of the culture is that the leaves and flowers never appear on the plant at the same time. And between them the culture passes a period of peace. In spring, thin leaves grow from a bulb, up to 60 cm long. They die off by the middle of summer.
As soon as this happens, the bulb produces an upright, sturdy, fleshy and bare stem. It grows up to 70 cm in height. At its top a large inflorescence is formed, consisting of 3–6 buds, painted in saturated red, yellow, orange tones. But there are snow-white specimens. Flowers exude a pleasant intense aroma that fills the whole neighborhood. After the buds on the plant forms a box, with a small amount of seeds.
Licorice genus includes dozens of types of flowers. But in the Russian conditions only such varieties are cultivated:
- Licoris radiant. A flower that first has leaves and then buds. Perennial reaches up to 70 cm in height. It has elongated, parallel leaves, curving from the middle of the plate. Blooms in late summer. Buds of irregular shape with thin side petals resembling antennae, and wide central petals of a wavy shape. They are painted in terracotta or pale pink. Flowering lasts up to 30 days.
- Likoris golden. In form, this species is similar to licoris radiant. Differs in yellow color, fringed curliness of petals, and snow-white stamens.
- Likoris scaly. This species is quite common in South Korea and Japan. Looks beautiful in group plantings. In early spring, the bulb produces 5-6 wide-linear, gray-green leaves, which die off by mid-July. In August, instead of them appear spear-like flower stalks, reaching 90 cm in height. At the top of the stems buds are formed, grouped in groups of 6–10 pcs. They have a funnel shape, visually reminiscent of lily flowers. Buds reach 7 cm in diameter. The petals are painted in lilac and pink tones, with a yellow middle. Flowering lasts 10-14 days.
Each of these varieties will decorate a flower bed. But in order to grow such beauty, you will have to make some efforts and provide a flower with comfortable conditions.
Planting in open ground
It is better to plant the bulbs of the flower licoris in the fall. At the same time you are guided by the weather conditions of your region. It is advisable to land a month before the onset of cold weather. Then the bulbs will adapt, grow roots and quietly winter, and next year they will delight in flowering.
If desired, you can transfer the landing in the early spring. But in this case, the capricious plant will start to hurt. In addition, it does not bloom until next fall.
For a bed choose protected from the wind and drafts areas. It is desirable that they are located in the penumbra of large deciduous trees. Under the direct rays of the sun gentle foliage will burn. And in full shade, the color of the buds will fade noticeably.
As for the soil, the flower licoris prefers loose, sandy soils. Before planting, be sure to dig up the ground and remove all weed grass, otherwise it will clog the tender shoots of the plant. If the soil in your area is heavy, then add peat, sand or humus.
Do not forget to process the bulbs in a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicides. This will protect plants from diseases and pests. How to plant flowers:
- In the prepared area make the holes 15 cm deep.
- The distance between the pits should be 25–30 cm. Otherwise, the children who appear on bulbs every year will not have enough food.
- Put a centimeter layer of sand on the bottom of the recesses.
- Lightly press the bulb into the hole, cover it with sand, and fill the remaining voids with soil.
After planting, compact and water the soil abundantly. It is desirable to mulch the surface with peat, fallen leaves or straw.
Growing in the garden
Caring for an exotic “flower of death” licoris is not burdensome, and an inexperienced gardener will be able to grow this attractive plant. Agrotechnical culture consists of the following activities:
- regular and abundant watering
- periodic feeding,
- weed and pest control.
In the northern and central regions, caring for a plant also includes winter preparations.
During the period of active growth of leaves and flowering licoris needs regular watering. Keep in mind that even a brief drying of the soil will affect the attractiveness of the plant. Therefore, try to keep the soil in a slightly damp state. But in the summer, when the leaves withered, and the peduncle had not yet appeared, stop irrigation. At this point, the plant begins a period of rest, and excessive moisture harms him.
After watering necessarily loosen the soil. This is necessary so that a crust does not form on the ground, blocking the access of oxygen to the bulb. During the procedure, also weed out all the weeds. They are a source of disease and can harm the culture.
Likoris is a flower that can pull nutrients from the soil, and in most cases it does not need additional feeding. But if you notice some lethargy of the plant, or it has stopped growing, then apply mineral fertilizers intended for bulbous crops to the soil. Feed only 2 hours after watering. Otherwise the drugs will burn the onion.
Like other bulbous cultures, the licoris flower does not need annual transplantation. And in one area it grows quietly up to 5 years. But after this time, it is impossible to do without a transplant. Otherwise, the plant will start to hurt. During this event you will also be able to breed culture. But keep in mind that dividing and replanting a plant is too often not recommended. From this it weakens and dies.
Prepare a new patch for them before digging out the bulbs. Remember that parts of this plant are poisonous, so wear gloves on it. After digging the bulbs, carefully separate the children from them. Fill the ground with wood ash or coal powder. After that, plant the plants in a new place, in the same way that was mentioned earlier (see the item “Planting in open ground”). Consider that after a transplant, licoris may get sick and not bloom for 1-2 years.
Leaving after flowering
When the buds fade, cut the peduncle. Otherwise, he will pull the sap from the plant to prepare for the cold. Digging the plant for the winter is not worth it. But if you are afraid that the culture will die out, or severe frosts are expected, then cover the flower garden with a layer of fallen leaves or lapnik.
Diseases and pests
Likoris - a flower with a strong immunity, and the disease is not afraid of him. In addition, plant juice contains phytoncides that kill germs and repel pests. And only occasionally he is attacked by a narcissus fly. To protect the crop from pests, water the flower garden during the period of active growth of the culture with a systemic insecticide solution.
Attractive and bright flower licoris decorate any infield. In addition, care for him does not require much time and effort. Therefore, do not pay attention to the ancient Japanese legends and be sure to break a flower garden with this handsome man. He will not disappoint you.
varieties ❀ planting ❀ care
Likoris - a flower of amazing beauty. In nature, it can be found in India, Japan, Korea, Vietnam or China. In addition to external charm, it attracts many legends associated with it. Licoris will bestow the owner with equally beautiful buds with narrow petals. No wonder this flower is also called "spider lily". The plant of the Amaryllis family in the care does not require much effort. By agrotechnical it can be compared with daffodils or tulips. And yet, the charm of exotic licoris is superior to other members of the family. It impresses with its exquisite appearance and pleasant aroma.
Likoris is a perennial bulbous plant with a height of 30-70 cm. The bulbs are relatively thermophilic and can tolerate only small frosts in the open ground. Their diameter is 5 cm. In the middle of spring, several belt-like narrow leaves of bright green color grow from the soil. The length of the sheet plate is 30-40 cm, and width - 5-20 mm. By mid-June, the leaves die off completely, but a long, fleshy stem appears. It has a circular cross section and can reach a height of 70 cm. The top of the shoot is decorated with inflorescence of large buds. One bulb per season can produce 4-7 flowers located on one stem.
The flowering period of licoris begins in September, when the leaves disappear and the site is covered with beautiful bouquets on long, bare stems. Flowers exude a pleasant intense aroma. They are divided into two groups. One type of flowers has longer filiform stamens that protrude far beyond the petals. Other stamens have only slightly longer petals. Lykoris petals can be painted in white, yellow, orange or red. After pollination, fruits appear - three-channel seed boxes. They contain small black seeds. However, not all licoris can be propagated by seed. Some species are completely sterile.
Licoris landing in open ground
In the garden for licoris you need to find places that are well protected from the wind, but at the same time well warmed by the sun's rays. Practice shows that plants in our climatic conditions easily take root in the penumbra of large deciduous trees.
Special troubles with growing licoris in a suitable climate will not. If you compare agricultural technology with other onion bulbs, then it is similar to planting daffodils or tulips. The place is better to choose the sun or a little shaded, without stagnant water. The soil will need light sandy sand. Pre-plot well dig.
Perennial bulbs are large, medium size - 5 centimeters in diameter. From above they are covered with dense dark brown scales. Planted them in the wells to a depth of 20 centimeters. Between plants it is important to leave about 30 centimeters of free space. After this, systematic moderate watering is necessary.
As practice shows, the bulbs remarkably take root in the summer. With transplants more difficult, the plant will certainly be capricious and next year it is unlikely to bloom. It is imperative to plant, each year approximately one new bulb is formed, and if it becomes too crowded in the nest, flowering will be increasingly scarce.
Licoris outdoor care
Caring for licoris will not be difficult, but you still need to follow some rules. It is necessary to choose a bright place for a flower, but direct sunlight is undesirable. In the spring, when the plant only wakes up, indoor licoris need additional lighting.
The optimum air temperature is + 20 ... + 27 ° C. Outside, keep flowers away from drafts. Winter licoris can only in 4-9 climatic zones. To prevent the bulbs from freezing, they are planted deeper into the ground. From the bottom to the surface of the soil should be about 30 cm.
It is necessary to water licoris regularly to dry only the top layer of soil. Stagnant water plant is contraindicated, otherwise the roots will rot. The soil surface must be periodically loosened. During the period of rest (winter and summer), when the ground part dies off, irrigation is minimized.
In spring and early flowering it is useful to feed the plant with an organic complex. Fertilizer is applied at the root in diluted form. Excess nitrogen salts should be avoided.
At the end of autumn, it is necessary to remove dried seedlings. You can additionally cover the planting of fallen leaves and spruce branches to protect the bulbs from frost.
Most often, licoris breeding is produced in a vegetative way. Only some species are able to produce viable seeds. An adult plant produces several bulbs annually. Most often this happens with bulbs planted closer to the surface of the earth. By the end of the season, babies mature enough to grow independently. However, it is often undesirable to divide the outlet, as the plant weakens. Within 1-2 years after dividing licoris does not bloom.
In the autumn, after flowering, the bulbs should be dug out and carefully separated from each other. Immediately after that, landing on a new place. The soil for licoris should contain sand, peat and leaf soil. A rather large onion is buried 12-14 cm. In the open ground between plants it is necessary to observe a distance of 25-35 cm.
It is not necessary to water the plants during the wintering period. In spring, the soil begins to be moistened with care and the first small leaves appear. To form a powerful root system, it will take up to six months. Gradually the leaves and flowers will grow larger.
The plant height up to 70 cm grows in Japan. A leaf rosette consisting of belt-like bright green leaves 1-3 cm wide is located on the ground. At the end of August, a large inflorescence of 8–9 buds is blooming on a long peduncle. Oval petals are painted in light lilac tones and bent back. In the center are several thin stamens and ovary. Flowering lasts about two weeks.
A perennial plant with a height of 30-70 cm in the spring produces a rosette of narrow leaves (5-10 mm). Especially long leaf plates can be bent from the center. In early autumn, large flowers of terracotta or pink color appear. The petals have a very narrow and long tendril, which is deflected backwards, and in the center there is a bunch of shorter and wide processes with wavy edges.
Licoris blood red
This compact variety does not exceed a height of 45 cm. Small leaves up to 15 mm wide bloom in April, and begin to turn yellow in June. In August, on a massive flower stalk grows to six scarlet buds with a diameter of about 5 cm.
Where to buy likorisa bulbs
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Types of licoris
Science is known for 20 species of plants, and in our country only some of them are actively grown.
Licorice scaly - a plant with a large inflorescence of 8–9 buds on a long peduncle grows up to 70 cm. The petals of this type of delicate light lilac shade with a golden heart are bent backwards. In the center of the bud several thin stamens and ovary.
Licoris radiant - also called "mustache", since its side lobes are similar to antennae. The central petals are in the form of an arc and with wavy edges. Grows in height from 30 to 70 cm.
Ликорис кроваво-красный – вырастает до 45 см. В августе из луковицы вырастают цветоносы с 5-6 цветками. Свое название цветок получил за окрас лепестков в ярко-красные оттенки. Его цветение – настоящее яркое зрелище.
Одним из составляющих успешного выращивания ликориса – правильный выбор места посадки. Для растения нужно создать условия, приближенные к его естественной среде. Spider lily will grow well in a bright place where there are no drafts and strong wind. The penumbra of large garden trees is also perfect.
How to plant
Before describing the process of planting it is important to remember that all parts of licoris are poisonous, therefore all manipulations must be carried out with gloves.
The bulb of the spider lily should be about 5 cm in size and covered with brown scales.
- Plant the bulb to a depth of 14-15 cm. This will prevent it from freezing.
- Bulbs to plant at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other,
- It is best to plant them in the fall. So they better take root and adapt to new conditions.
- Flowering usually happens only in the second year after planting.
During the growth of leaves and stalks, watering should be active. Do not allow the soil to dry out. During this period, the ground should be wet. When the plant is resting (after the dying of the leaves and before the emergence of the peduncle), watering is not necessary.
With the successful development and growth of the plant, if there are no problems in appearance and flowering, then additional feeding is not needed.
If licoris looks depressed, you can use any feed for bulbous plants.
Trimming and preparation for winter
Pruned plants in the fall should be only dried leaves. No other trim is required.
Having planted the bulbs deep in the soil, they are left there for the winter, and they are not afraid of frosts. Some flower growers are advised to cover them with coniferous branches or dry grass.
Change the place of the spider lily does not like. It grows well in one place for 5 years. After this time e can already be transplanted. Transplantation is carried out in the same way as landing (see the section “How to plant”).
Licorice seeds are rarely propagated, as only some species produce productive seeds. More often for reproduction using the vegetative method.
Every year, the plant grows several daughter bulbs. Already at the end of the season, kids are ready for independent growth and can be separated. However, it is often impossible to divide the plant, because it weakens and may not bloom for a couple of years.
- After flowering, dig a bulb,
- Gently ottelit them apart
- After separation, the daughter bulb should be planted in a new place, and the mother bulb should be planted back.
Pests and diseases
Licoris is a very resistant plant and does not attack pests and diseases. He is ill rarely enough. The only pest that can harm a plant is the narcissus fly. In case of infection, treat the flower and soil with insecticide.
In the east, licoris is rarely used to decorate gardens. It is associated with legends and superstitions. Citizens of the Middle Kingdom consider licoris a symbol of misfortune. Allegedly flowers grow on the battlefield, where blood was shed. Therefore, they are often planted in cemeteries. In our country, this beautiful flower with pleasure and without any consequences, is planted in flowerbeds, mixborders and rockeries. They take root well in the rare shade of trees.
In early spring, juicy greens hide bare soil, and at the end of summer the earth is colored with purple flowers. The best neighbors for the plant are the hosts, begonias, crocuses, anemones, ferns and lyriope.
Growing and caring for licoris is not a painstaking matter, since culture is not distinguished by capriciousness. Just follow a few simple rules.
The resurrected lily especially needs watering during the period of active growth of leaves and flower stalks. At this time it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out under the crop and water it regularly. The soil should always be wet. During hibernation licoris (summer) watering should be stopped.
If your plant pleases you with a healthy appearance, abundant flowering, then there is no need to feed it. If you notice a certain depression of the plant - feed it. For this fit any fertilizer designed for bulbous crops.
Pruning licoris is not difficult, as it is necessary to prune only dried leaves in the fall.
Do I need to dig the bulbs for the winter
There is no need to dig up the bulbs for the winter, because they take root rather deep in the ground, and they are not afraid of winter frosts. It is advised to cover the flower growers along the line of the location of the roots with dry foliage or coniferous branches, but at the same time ensure that the bulbs do not stick.
Licoris does not welcome transplants. He feels great in the same place for 5 years. After the expiration of the specified period, experienced flower growers are advised to transplant the culture.
To do this, pick and prepare the right place, fertilize it with a substrate of peat, sand and humus (1: 1: 1) and transplant, observing the norms mentioned above.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The resurrected lily is rather unyielding to the attack of diseases and pests and steadfastly rejects them - the plant practically does not get sick. Its main enemy is the narcissus fly, since licoris and narcissus are very similar.
In case of an attack, golden amaryllis and soil should be treated with insecticides. Other diseases of culture in our area was not observed. As you can see, licoris is a plant that has unique decorative qualities. Its advantages are Eastern exoticism and mystery. Culture has unpretentiousness in care and cultivation.
Such a bright and passionate pupil should be the main landscape attribute of every self-respecting grower.