Growing grapes has long become popular. Although the vine is present in every rural estate of temperate latitudes for many years, the grapes are planted to create shade or decor of the old wall, and the number of fruits and their taste are of little concern to the owners. But, the number of winegrowers who are really engaged in breeding varieties and producing crops is also growing. The grape matter penetrated even into non-traditional regions for it, such as the central regions of Russia, Belarus, and the northern part of Ukraine.
The sizes of clusters of Rombik for the third year
What is unique variety Rombik
Cultivation of grapes in such a variety of conditions was possible partly due to the active selection, which allows you to choose from a variety of varieties and hybrid forms, an option that is suitable to the growing conditions and requirements of the grower.
Many amateur winegrowers try to keep up with the latest trends in the grape business, acquire and test newly emerging forms.
Early and very early forms that produce crops starting from mid-July, that is, on average 1.5 months earlier than traditional varieties, are becoming very popular.
The first signal cluster of Rhombik in the second year after landing
The varieties of the well-known breeder Ye.G.Pavlovsky are very popular today; one can find a description of a number of his early and ultra early hybrid forms:
Others have not yet strengthened their position, but are actively being tested in amateur and professional farms.
It is difficult to say how the varieties will behave in the future, but many of them have already gained a reputation for themselves.
Features varieties Rombik
Rhombic is a new variety of ultrashort ripening. The description of the culture states that precisely ripeness makes this variety so popular among gardeners and winegrowers.
Sizes of Rombika berries
The ripening period of this variety really justifies the information that the description contains: only 80 days from growing conditions, ripening, begins in early July.
The form of grape vigorous, bushes massive, branched. Flower bisexual. Vine gives high yields. The bunch weight ranges from 500 grams to 1 kilogram. The shape of the bunch for this variety is characterized by conical, medium friability (the berries do not crumble in the hands, but are not knocked down into a dense conglomerate). The berries themselves are quite large, weighing 10-14 grams, but there are more, their shape really resembles a diamond. The color of the grapes is dark purple, when overriding is almost black. The flesh is dark, crunchy, moderately sweet, the skin is almost not felt. When overriding berries do not crack, they withstand transportation well. Resistance to typical diseases increased, does not require intensive reusable treatment.
Rombika berry weight
Sufficient frost resistance (up to -23 ° C), which gives the prospect of growing in cold regions.
Dignity varieties Rombik
The description of the variety states that the main advantages of this variety are:
- early maturation
- high yield,
- good taste, you can eat fresh berries,
- good transportability and presentation,
- low susceptibility to disease.
Rhombic near Moscow ripens in the middle of summer
This variety has all the possibilities for a long time to stay in our vineyard. In this connection, it is worthwhile to talk about the features of planting and growing early grape varieties.
Grapes can be planted with seedlings or cuttings. It is necessary to carefully consider the choice of a place for landing. Any grape varieties prefer sunny, protected from the wind places, for the early variety it is all the more important, since its maturation mostly falls on a relatively cool part of summer. Early grapes grow well on neutral ground.
Seedlings are planted as soon as the spring soil warms up. Prepare a hole to a depth of 50 cm, add gravel drainage and nutrient soil.
Harvest Rombika impressive enough
Some winegrowers recommend immersing the roots of a plant in a solution prepared from a mixture of clay and cow manure before planting. When planting seedlings, remember the distance between them: 2 meters.
Caring for rhombikom
During the entire period of growth, the grapes are fed, for which they use chicken manure, manure, compost from rotted plants. Boric acid is used for top dressing (foliar), it prevents shedding of the ovary of plants. Description of plant care suggests that feeding boric acid is best done twice: before opening the flowers and after the appearance of the berries.
Abundant watering is recommended in the first intensive period of grape growth, then the intensity is reduced, because the shoots must stop growing and mature before the onset of frost.
Opening in the spring should be done as soon as the frosts go away
One of the intricacies of growing early grapes is the time of release of overwintered vines from covering material. It is important to do this not too late, in order for the grapes to ripen, opening it with the first spring heat, you risk freezing the overwintered sprout and not getting a harvest at all. Just opened the vine, you can handle a solution of copper or iron sulphate, which prevents fungal diseases, although diamond is resistant to them, such a procedure is unlikely to hurt.
Do not forget about the tallness of this variety, immediately take care of strong supports.
Mandatory stage of care for grapes - pruning, due to which the tree rejuvenates and begins to bear fruit. Most pruning done in the fall, before hiding the grapes for the winter. In the summer, pasynkovanie and breaking out unwanted shoots, the purpose of the spring pruning - to remove all parts that have been frozen.
The number of clusters must be normalized.
Characteristics of the variety
The most expressive features of the Rombik grape variety are its early ripening and abundant harvest. Maturation lasts 80 days.
- frost resistance (Rhombik can withstand cold to -25 ° C),
- resistance to many diseases, resistance to pests with timely prevention,
- the crop, fully ripened, does not crack and tolerates transportation.
According to the description, when planting Rombik grapes use both saplings and cuttings. After choosing a seedling find a place for the future of the grapes. It should be well lit, sunny and closed from the wind. The pits are dug to a depth of 50-80 cm.
Just prikopat sapling is not enough. A drainage is made for him: a layer of rubble or a battlefield is covered to the bottom of the pit. Top covered with a layer of soil, but with organic fertilizers. This will give the culture food for the coming years.
The roots need to be cleaned - cut a few millimeters, and then leave in clean warm water for 2 hours. Then the rest of the earth is filled up, a hole is made from above, into which the culture is placed. Finally, sprinkling earth on top, carefully and gently tamped, then carry out watering with warm water. In addition, the soil is covered with mulch: dry leaves or straw.
The plant is tall, therefore it is necessary to immediately install vertical supports for it. They must be strong to withstand the weight of the crop.
Caring for plants is easy
There are no features of care for the grape variety Rombik. While the plant has not grown much yet, it is better to protect it from frost by sprinkling with sand, and sprinkle damp soil with dry soil. As an option - to make some kind of greenhouse: install vertical supports on the ground, cover them with a film: this will not allow the soil to dry out.
Rombik growing grapes feed. Organic fertilizers are great: bird droppings, compost, rotting plants and manure. Before flowering and after final shaping of the crop, the plant needs foliar dressing with boric acid.
With the onset of heat, the plant is sprayed with blue vitriol. This will avoid fungal diseases.
Shelter should be removed when the onset of stable warm weather.
The plant needs additional water only at the beginning of the growth period. Then reduce the amount of watering: before frost the vine is better to fully mature.
According to the description, pruning is carried out in the fall, before the onset of frost, which allows to increase fruitfulness. In the summer, be sure to pinch, break out damaged and weak shoots.
Diseases and pests
This type of grape is highly susceptible to powdery mildew. It affects the green parts of the plant. A grayish bloom appears on the leaves and branches, they get the smell of rot. To combat the disease, the plant is treated with the drug "Flint" or "Kvadris".
Mildew appears yellow and green on the leaves. If you do not treat the plant, they begin to fall off. To prevent this, the vineyard provides good ventilation, as well as timely remove weeds and infected leaves.
Like all early varieties, the culture is prone to anthracosis. During illness, the leaves and berries fall. The treatment is simple: the plant is treated with Bordeaux mixture.
1. Powdery Dew
The green parts are affected. In this case, the leaves and shoots are covered with a characteristic bloom of gray-white color and get the smell of rot. There is a gradual shedding of the inflorescences. In order to prevent this disease, the grapes should be treated with drugs "Kvadris" or "Flint".
It affects the grape pieces located on the ground. The disease is characterized by the appearance on the leaves of green or yellow bloom. With no treatment, the leaves begin to crumble. Mildew infection can be prevented by providing the grapes with full airing. You should also promptly remove weeds and get rid of affected leaves.
Rombick grape description
The bush of grapes of Rombik is tall, voluminous. For planting this variety you need to choose a sunny place on the south side. The vine matures well. A bunch of grapes can weigh from 500 to 1000 g. The shape of the bunch is conical, the fruits are not very tight. The berries are large, weighing an average of 10-14 g. The color of the fruit is dark purple, closer to black. The flesh of the fruit is crispy, dark in color, sweet.
The skin is thin, almost not felt. After ripening, the fruit can not be collected immediately, from this berries do not crack and do not spoil. To common pests Rombik has strong immunity.
Despite the fact that it is a young grape variety, it has already managed to establish itself well among gardeners. For the winter period the variety Rombik requires shelter with a special material. More detail to consider this kind of grapes can be in the photo.
Features planting grapes
It is recommended to plant grapes at a sunny place, since the beginning of the adaptation period is in the middle of spring. In order not to freeze the plantings, it is necessary to plant grapes when the temperature is above zero. The soil for planting should warm to a depth of not less than 15 cm. For the early ripening variety, it is very important that the grapes grow sheltered from drafts, so seedlings can be planted near buildings.
The early grape variety Rombik grows well on neutral ground. For planting it is necessary to make a recess of 50 cm. It is imperative to make a drainage so that when watering the plantings the soil does not rot. Before planting seedlings, the roots of a plant can be dipped into a solution of cow manure and clay. You need to land in such a way that the distance between the bushes is at least 1 m, and between the rows - at least 2 m.
Proper care of Rombik grapes
In order for the variety Rombik to grow and develop actively, it is necessary to feed it during the entire period. Compost from rotted plants or chicken manure will be suitable for feeding. For foliar application, boric acid can be used, as it prevents shedding of the ovaries. Feed boric acid should be 2 times a year. Watering is needed abundant only during the first time of active growth, then the number of waterings is reduced.
Please note that after the frost is very important in time to open the vine. If you keep the vine warm, the fruit may not fully ripen. Shelter should be removed from the spring heat.
Just open the vine can be treated with a solution of vitriol. To fully develop the grapes, you need to regularly cut the vine. After pruning the berries are weighty and tasty, and the harvest is abundant. You can do pruning in the autumn before the shelter for the winter, as well as after the winter, since many shoots can freeze.
Rombik variety uniqueness
Hybrid bred a few years ago in the 10s of our century. Uniqueness is a super early maturation period. The first copies appear after 80 days. Many winegrowers who have a lot of experience in this area, with distrust of this fact. But the terms of ripening have already been confirmed by many gardeners.
The vine has strong vigor and is massive. For protection against crop overload, inflorescences are rationed. On the vine leave two brushes.
Advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid
The disadvantages include the young age of the hybrid, which does not allow to give stable recommendations for growing. Gardeners note that the brush grows small, and the berries have insufficient sugar content.
- unusual taste,
- disease resistance
- good transportability,
- maintains -23 ° C
- attractive appearance of the fruit,
- rapid maturation,
- high yield.
Typical diseases do not affect the hybrid, so there is no need to intensively, many times, process the plant.
Also called grape pox. He attacks the early varieties of the plant. It affects not only the leaves, but also the berries, which are covered with brown spots with a red rim, pressed into the inside.
If time does not take action, the vineyard will die. Helps repeated treatment Bordeaux fluid.
This variety was brought by the famous amateur breeder E. Pavlovsky. To get it, I had to cross "Pretty Woman" and "Super Extra".
The first experimental name was “seedling-4-2”. After successful trials, was renamed to Rombik. If you look at the plant with a professional eye, you can understand that grapes have a lot in common with their parent varieties.
Rhombic refers to ultra early varieties that mature in less than 3 months. Under favorable conditions, the harvest is carried out already on the 80th day after bud break. But in the standard, the growing season lasts + -90 days. This clearly sets it apart from other, even early varieties. Also, it is worth noting that the berries quickly accumulate sugar.
Clusters of medium size. Their weight is about 500 grams. With exceptional care, you can grow a brush of 1000 grams.
Pollination uniform. The fruit on the brush is loose. Due to this, the berries do not crush each other.
The berries are beautiful. Superficially resemble a diamond, which served as the name of the variety. The size is average. The mass of a mature fruit reaches 10 grams, an average of 8 grams.
The pulp is tasty, dense, when crunching crunches. Covered with a dense shell that is easily eaten and does not stand out much when consumed. The skin color is dark blue, close to black. On the surface of the shell there is a characteristic white bloom. The flesh is sweet, has a light nutmeg flavor. Inside there is one or two small seeds.
To boast a long preservation of the berries on the bush, after ripening, Rhombik cannot. If you do not harvest in time, the fruits begin to soften.
Thanks to the dense skin, transporting over long distances does not cause any problems.
Indicators of frost resistance are unknown, because this is a young variety. It can be assumed from the experience of gardeners that the cold resistance of Rombik reaches -23 degrees Celsius.
Immunity has also not been studied, but the variety is conditionally classified as a complex-resistant species.
Bushes and shoots
- different branching
On the bush grow bisexual flowers, so there is no problem with cross-pollination. Vine - fruitful.
Berries and yield
The shape of the fruit is original, in a sense - unique. It is because of this that the plant got its interesting name.
- Cluster weight an average of 750 grams. The largest weight is 1 kg, the minimum is 500 grams.
- Berries tightly attached to the brush. Therefore, in the process of maturation do not fall off and do not fall apart.
- The berry is large. Weight of one - 13 grams, there are heavier copies.
- The shape of the berries resemble rhombus, which is smoothed from the sides.
- Brushes - conical.
- Mature brush becomes almost black.
- In the fruit of the minimum content of seeds.
- The skin is thin.
- The flesh is crispy.
- To taste, fruits are moderately sweet.
- Well transportable.
- Do not crack.
Choosing a place
For further fruiting the main thing is to choose the correct seat:
- should be well lit
- choose a site protected from drafts and cold winds,
- need a constant flow of sunlight.
It is recommended to plant a plant immediately after warming up the soil in spring.
After proper planting of seedlings, you will have to constantly pay attention to the plant and provide it with regular care.
В первые два месяца растение интенсивно развивается, поэтому требует обильного, регулярного полива. Затем частоту снижают, так как побегам необходимо приостановить рост и успеть вызреть до морозов.
In order not to crumble the ovaries, foliar feeding with boric acid is carried out. It is carried out before the blooming of flowers and after the formation of fruits.
In spring, the adult plant is recommended to feed bird droppings.
Collection and use of bunches of grapes
The berries hold tightly to the brush. Therefore, at the onset of technical maturity is not showered. Fruits are not subject to cracking, which helps to transport the crop over long distances.
High taste qualities allow to use fruits fresh. Also suitable for canning, making wine and juices.