He was born to the American scientist from the scientific center called High Line. It was in honor of this center that the layer that appeared appeared.
Before starting work on breeding the cross, the scientists formed a clear goal for themselves - to get a cross with a high level of vitality, good health and excellent performance.
For about 5 years, breeders have worked and finally presented the result to the world, after which the klusha became incredibly popular. Yaytsenoska High Line breed of chickens began to quickly gain popularity not only in America but also abroad.
High Line breed of chickens attracted the attention of owners of commercial poultry farms, as its maintenance is very profitable. This cross is also widespread in Russia, both in private farms and in some industrial poultry farms.
Everyone knows that the appearance for the cross - not the main thing. It is important that the clubs give good egg volumes and at the same time be unpretentious. As a rule, such workers do not have any highlights in their appearance. The beauty we are considering is no exception. Its inherent characteristics of appearance are discussed below.
- High Line breed of chickens is not large, with a compact, thin physique. Thomas trunk - triangular. The klush has no thick sides, although the breast sticks out a little. The back is with a slight deflection, and the tail is raised upwards - in roosters it is more developed.
- There are 2 directions of this hybrid - White and Brown. From the names it can be understood that we are talking about white and brown layers. The color of the plumage is uniform - without inclusions and specks, and the color of the pen core corresponds to the basic shade.
- The neck is short and there is a small head on it. On the face of the hens there is practically no plumage, and the skin is painted in a soft pink tint. The ear lobes are also small - darker than the complexion. Distinctive characteristics are considered powerful, leaf-shaped comb with teeth and earrings - red. The eyes are large, expressive - painted in orange.
- Paws have the same shade as the beak - yellow. The legs and thighs are not well developed.
- And in addition we will consider the description of indicators of weight. Adult hens are not very large - about 1.5-1.8 kg, and males can weigh 200-300 grams more.
Breeding depends on how nature has endowed feathered beauties. This determines the characteristics of the content, as well as the degree of participation of the poultry farmer in the life of the feathered family. But, the High Line Chickens will not create problems because of their temper - he is excellent.
Feathered beauties are calm, do not create conflict situations. They are difficult to arouse, because they have a high level of stress resistance. Males are also good - gallant gentlemen who care for their ladies and protect them from potential dangers.
In general, the High Line breed of chickens does not behave very actively, easily adapts to any conditions, does not get scared by trifles, and is well tolerated by any kind of life.
Puberty and egg production
It is no secret to anyone today that poultry farmers expect early ripening and high productivity from highly productive crosses. Therefore, the work of breeders around the world is aimed at achieving such qualities in newly-made hybrids.
Among the shortcomings, there is only one - a very short period of productivity. The remaining qualities are related to the benefits of chicken.
That's all you can learn about the American hybrid of winged workers. Tell your friends about the existence of such an attractive domestic animals - share with them a link to an article on social networks.
Subscribe to the site updates, and you will have the opportunity to be the first to read the latest publications about feathered beauties.
High Line breed of chickens wishes you and your families success and well-being!
In the comments you can add your photos of laying hens, rooster and chickens!
Like this article? Share with friends in social networks:
Chickens High Line are egg-type breeds of chickens. As most breeders say, this breed has practically no flaws, but they guarantee a huge amount of advantages. The bird is absolutely calm in character and does not require much time and attention, because in care it is quite modest. In addition to the excellent egg production, they have a beautiful appearance, which is good news.
Homeland of High Line chickens is America and they can be considered a cross-country, which appeared thanks to the scientific center. By the way, this scientific center had exactly the same name as this bird. The main goal of the scientific company was to capture the poultry whose egg production would be improved. In addition, the goal was also to bring the chicken, which will meet not only the previous requirement, but will not require any special conditions for the content.
It is thanks to the crossing that this breed was obtained. And today the discussed breed of birds is very popular in the territory of South America, Western Europe, as well as in Europe, China, the USA and India.
The appearance of High Line chickens is a great asset. After all, even with its simplicity, they look very dignified, and some bring these layers for decoration. A slender figure emphasizes a proud appearance, and the color and density of feathers add sophistication. One of the differences in appearance can be considered a large comb, the color of which is quite bright and at the first glance at the chicken it immediately catches the eye.
The plumage is thick and has two color options:
Small size head with a very strong beak, by the way, the color of the beak - yellow. The neck is distinguished by its medium length and it can be said that it is rather thick. The back of the High Line is wide and the body is somewhat oblong. The wings are well developed and differ in strength, besides they are tightly pressed to the body. Medium tail.
As it has already become clear, productivity can be called the main advantage of High Line chickens.
The average egg production rate for a year ranges from 240 to 350 eggs, while the average weight of one egg is from 60 to 65 g.
This is not just a good result, because the work of a scientific institute was aimed precisely at productivity. Chickens begin to actively sweep around the age of 6 months. The color of the eggshell can be white and brown, depending on the color of the feathers of the chicken.
Such an indicator of productivity is achieved with sufficiently small weight data: the average mass of an adult hen is about 2.3 kg, this weight is achieved at the age of one and a half years. From the moment of hatching and up to the age of 4 months, the hens are actively developing, growing and gaining weight. However, after 4 months the growth rate decreases significantly, after which you can see the final, adult form of the hen.
High Line is often left for divorce and after active egg production. After all, chickens breed well and quickly, ripen quickly, which indicates a sufficient profitability. Many poultry farmers do this for the purpose of mass breeding.
The features and advantages of this breed include the ability to quickly adapt. Because of this, they do not need any special conditions for life. Another feature such as excellent immunity. High Line very rarely get sick, and if it happened and the poultry got sick, then it quickly recovers without any consequences.
Due to the high level of viability, which is approximately 96%, even the most novice poultry farmer can start this breed of birds. In addition, you can be calm for her health.
Although chickens need a sufficient amount of feed to gain weight, but this amount of food pays off with a high level of egg production. Any special conditions of the High Line do not require. They don't even need any special lighting, temperature in the chicken coop and so on. After all, they easily adapt to both climate and living conditions.
General conditions of care and care for this breed of birds are the same as in most chickens. However, to keep the chicken coop and the aviary clean is still necessary. You must also not forget about timely feeding and the quality of food. In this case, according to the descriptions of the poultry farmers, it is better not to save money and purchase better and more expensive mixed feed. Vaccination is also recommended to avoid all kinds of dangerous diseases.
Video "What to feed the chicken in the winter"
In this video, you can hear the better way to feed the chickens in the winter, so that they better run. This description is appropriate and discussed breed High Line chickens.
- Eye candy - spectacular decorative hens
Barnevelder - rare and beautiful chickens of heavy meat and egg orientationGiants in the chicken world
High Line - the egg direction of chickens. Body - medium size, pen color - white. Comb - dark pink.
Parent herds of chickens are found only in Europe. In India, China, the USA there are progenitors of a hybrid. This breed is widely distributed in the open spaces of South America and in the countries of Western Europe.
Experts recommend purchasing chickens at large poultry farms, where the conditions of housing are met, and mandatory vaccination of poultry is carried out.
Content and cultivation
There are no special requirements for temperature, lighting, humidity. Conditions of detention are standard.
The bird quickly adapts even to difficult conditions. Experts recommend not to neglect the cleanliness of enclosures that contain layers. Pay special attention to the young.
The bird is well tolerated as a cellular content, and outdoor. This factor does not affect egg production. Be sure to get vaccinated to prevent infection with dangerous diseases.
High Line Brown
In the reproductive period, the weight of adult layers reaches 1.55 kg, safety - up to 98%. Individuals aged from 19 to 80 weeks weigh up to 2.25 kg.
Pleases high return. Consuming up to 110-115g of feed per day, laying hens produce from 241 to 339 eggs per year. The shell is brown.
The reproductive period begins at 153 days. Unpretentiousness, calm disposition, contact, a high percentage of preservation allow us to recommend cross High-Line Brown for mass breeding.
High Line White
The live weight of individuals is slightly lower than that of the similar Brown cross. Chickens weigh in 18 weeks to 1.55 kg. The maximum weight in the reproductive period is up to 1.74 kg.
Foods also consume less than Brown - only 102 g per day. Requires quality feed. The reproductive period comes earlier: for 144 days.
Egg production is good: in 60 weeks - up to 247 eggs during the year, in 80 weeks - up to 350 pcs. in year. Immunity is high. The safety of the bird reaches 93-96%.
Where can I buy in Russia?
You can purchase hybrid layers at poultry farms in various regions of Russia.
People engaged in breeding High-Line egg-laying crosses note that the popularity of these layers is so high that there is a queue for their purchase. Make a record in advance.
It is also possible to buy this breed of hens from private individuals and villagers selling at the bazaar, but it is unlikely that anyone will be able to document the availability of vaccinations.
Layers of this breed can be purchased from IP Zolotov in a private farm “Farm +". Vaccinations and veterinary control are guaranteed.
Address: Leningrad region, Gatchina district, Gatchina, 49ki, Pizhma village.
The office is located in St. Petersburg: st. 6th Krasnoarmeyskaya, d.15, lit.A, pom. 1 st
Contact phone: +7 (812) 932-34-44
You have not managed to get the high-line layers yet? No problem! There are analogues that can replace this hybrid. Meet some popular eggplant species:
- Hisex. Dutch hybrid. Known in Russia since 1974. Small chicken, weight reaches 1.8 kg. Plumage - red or white. Preservation in the reproductive period - up to 90%. Egg mass - 65g. Rush daily. Hisex for the year give from 280 to 315 eggs.
Shaver Bred in Holland. Color feathers - white, brown, black. Eggs of good quality, medium size. Weight - 62g. During the productive period, the chickens Shaver give up to 405 eggs. Do not require special conditions of detention.
And if you are interested in more rare birds, such as the Czech golden breed of chickens, then you should go here: https://selo.guru/ptitsa/kury/porody/yaichnie/cheshskaya-zolotistaya.html.
Cultivation of egg breeds of hens - profitable business. Profitability can reach 100%. Many farms and individuals breed cross high-line.
Good immunity, high productivity, excellent egg quality, unpretentiousness and reasonable feed intake put the High Line chickens among the leaders of the egg breed market.
History of origin and breeding
The High Line is an American-style egg cross, bred by the breeders of the Hy-Line International research and production company.
As a result of the selection, several high-line crosses were obtained: the high-line brown chickens (Hy-Line Brown), the silver brown (Silver Brown) and dormouse (Sonia) are reddish and carry brown eggs, the W-36, W-77 crosses and W-98 are distinguished by white plumage and white eggs.
Representatives of the high-line breed are widely distributed in Western Europe and South America, they are less common in Asia and the Middle East.
Characteristics and description, photos
Layers high-line - this is a beautiful, slim, unpretentious and highly productive birds.
Description of the exterior of this egg breed is presented in the following table:
The safety of high-cross birds reaches 96-98%. Since poultry mortality and herd replenishment costs are minimal, the breeding business of this breed has a high profitability.
Hi-lane White and High-Brown Brown crosses have different quantitative indicators.Two High Line crosses have different productive indicators.
The characteristics of these crosses are presented in the following table:
From the table it follows that the high-line brown chickens later enter reproductive age, consume more feed and have more weight. Cross high-tech white is characterized by increased productivity and moderate appetite.
Newborn high-quality chicks will feel most comfortable in a warm, well-lit box or cage.Chickens High Line is grown exclusively in warm rooms.
The optimal conditions for chickens aged 0 to 42 days are listed in the following table:
For feeding babies, experts recommend the use of industrial feed, which contains all the necessary vitamins and trace elements for normal growth and development of chicks. In the first days of life, cubs should be given cereals, boiled eggs and greens. The traditional feeding pattern is 6-8 meals per day.Youngsters of the High Line breed are transferred to a common chicken coop in 15-16 weeks.
For feeding chickens, you should use solutions of vitamins and electrolytes. In order to prevent the proliferation of bacterial microflora, it is necessary to abandon the sugar-containing products.
At the age of 15-16 weeks the youngsters are transferred to a common poultry house.
Nutrition Cross High-line
Chickens cross high-line consume a little more than 100 g of feed per day. Food should be given three times a day. The size of servings does not depend on the season, since the hens lay eggs with the same intensity all year round.
Attention. It is recommended to add raw or boiled eggs, as well as crushed egg shells to the ration of layers. This allows to compensate for the lack of protein and calcium in the body of the bird.
The following products should be included in the ration of layers:
One chicken High Line eats about 100 grams of feed per day.
- greens, hay, grass or pine flour,
- mash of vegetables, ground grain, root crops, broth or skim milk,
- mineral supplements
- vegetables, root vegetables.
Chicks aged 1-3 weeks consume from 1 to 3 liters of water per day for every 100 animals. The same number of adults over 23 weeks of age drink 15-23 liters of water daily. Water should be clean, good quality.
At home, high-level chickens are kept in chicken coops of the floor-standing type. The floor in the chicken coop is covered with clay, or mounted from wood, and on top of it is poured a layer of wooden shavings 5-6 cm high, so that the chickens have a place to dig.
Perches are made in the form of a wide wooden staircase with a height from 60 cm to 90 cm from the floor. Nests are made of wicker baskets or wooden boxes lined with hay or soft straw. For 4-5 hens, one nest should be provided. It is better to arrange the nests vertically, in 3-4 tiers, and equip them with take-off shelves.
Attention. In the door of the chicken coop you need to leave a hole about 20-30 cm in height, with the help of which chickens will be able to independently leave the chicken coop to the walking area.High Line cross hens can be kept in chicken coops in an outdoor way.
For each chicken should be at least 10-12 cm of the front of feeding.For young animals up to 14 days old, this figure is 2-5 cm, for youngsters up to 20 weeks - 8-10 cm.
This breed of chickens began its history thanks to a scientific-breeding American company called Hy-Line International. Breeders were faced with the task of bringing out a cross (hybrid) that would combine a lot of positive qualities: high egg production, unpretentiousness in nutrition, and good health. Seemed impracticable, this task was successfully completed by scientists. Thanks to their efforts, a hybrid Hy-Line (“High Line”) appeared. During the time of hatching, he acquired several varieties that differ from each other in the color of the eggshell: in some it is brown, in others it is white.
Live weight chicken and rooster
Chickens have a small body weight (1.5-1.8 kg), which is customary for layers. Males 200-300 g heavier. As a rule, developmental delays are not observed. If this does happen, then the reason for this may be improper feeding (the breed is unpretentious, but the basic rules of breeding should be observed).
Adults of this cross-country are considered to be low-lying - they need 100 g of feed per day. Feeding recommendations are standard: dry food, vegetables, greens. In winter, you can add dried grass. "High-Line" practically does not reduce their productivity throughout the year, so the division of food for different seasons is not required.
What else to take care
The bird of this breed is perfect for keeping in a cage and in the henhouse of a private farm. It has a good tolerance of low temperatures, but in a room where chickens live, it is necessary to maintain a temperature not lower than +10 (this will help maintain the level of egg production). Despite the fact that the klush of the “High-Line” breed has strong immunity, it is recommended to perform all standard preventive measures.
Nests for these chickens should be placed on high ground, with an organized place for approaching them. If there is an opportunity, it is worth equipping a walking yard to the hens.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of this breed are more than impressive:
- high performance,
- economical in content
- high survival rate
- calm character
- easy adaptation to the new environment.
Despite all of the above advantages of this hybrid chickens, they have one major drawback - a rather short period of productivity, only about one and a half years. After that, there is a sharp decrease in performance. Therefore, the replacement of livestock herds should take care in advance. Chickens breed "High Line" is perfect for anyone who wants to try their hand at breeding hens. They are actively bred both in poultry farms and in households. Due to their exceptional vitality and productivity, we can safely say that all the costs of them will be recouped with interest.
General characteristics of the breed High Line
This is a variety of egg chickens, bred artificially. The hybrid is devoid of any serious shortcomings, suitable for breeding in domestic and industrial environments. The bird has a small body weight, while its meat has a pleasant taste and delicate aroma. It requires standard care, easily adapts to the conditions of detention.
High Line - egg laying champions
High Line is unpretentious in nutrition. These hens eat a little, quickly grow and give large, beautiful eggs of two colors. You can get a healthy and productive herd on both industrial and domestic feed. If desired, it is not difficult to make combined mixtures of products that form the basis of the diet of egg chickens on their own.
Hybrid has good health. With proper nutrition, care and timely vaccination, the safety of livestock is up to 96-98%.
Note!Considering the minimal loss of chickens due to mortality, it is not necessary to spend large amounts of money to restore the herd, therefore breeding the High Line is considered not only profitable, but also a very profitable business. You can learn more about how to start a poultry business in the article of our website - Breeding laying hens as a business.
Egg crosses are bred in the United States. The authors of the hybrid are breeders working for Hy-Line International. The result of the five-year effort of scientists became chickens with the plumage of white and brown flowers. Extremely high egg production has made High Lines popular not only in their homeland, but in South America, Europe, and also in the countries of the Middle East.
High Lines are of foreign origin
The appearance of chickens
Chickens High Line can not boast of gigantic size - in the fourth month of life they weigh a little more than one and a half kilograms. At the same time the birds are proportional, stately and beautiful, with a neat head, topped with a large red scallop. Feathers magnificently and elegantly fit a medium-sized torso, the wings are pressed. The hen gives the impression of a calm, slightly surprised and bright quiver, it is able to decorate any house.
Slender and bright birds
High Line Character
High Line quickly and easily get used to the conditions of detention. They are stress-resistant, so calm and not shy, get along peacefully with chickens of other breeds. American crosses are not averse to gossip between themselves, but conversations in the hen-house rarely turn into a bazaar. Layers are rather curious and not prone to conflicts, so they worry and make noise only for serious reasons.
The presence of the rooster in the team is not necessary, the females rush without him. However, the crested gentleman will become an additional disciplining factor and will bring diversity to the life of the chicken community.
Breeding and incubation instinct
High Line, like other crosses, are not suitable for breeding forces of its own breed. The offspring obtained from such parents is significantly inferior to them in productive qualities, therefore representatives of other breeds are used in breeding.
High Line Crosses Don't Hatch Eggs
To engage in breeding the High Line in a small farmstead is a troublesome task, so experts recommend buying ready-made chicks from proven breeders or at poultry farms.
Important!Quarter crosses completely devoid instinct nasizhivaniya. It is unlikely that this can be attributed to the disadvantages when it comes to egg hens. The process of incubation slows down the work of delaying, and therefore reduces productivity. That is why incubators are used to breed hybrids.
Rules feeding adult chickens
Birds can be fed store and self-prepared feed. If High Lines are home-fed, the menu should include:
- grain oats, barley, wheat, rye and corn. It is used both in its entirety and in crushed form. In winter, seedlings are given germinated crops,
Oats are incredibly good for chickens.
- soybeans and peas. As you know, legumes contain a lot of vegetable protein, rich in vitamins and minerals,
Soy allows chickens to build muscle mass
- fresh greens, which in the cold season are replaced with special granules, hay and grass meal,
Herbal flour contains a large amount of vitamins.
- mash, with vegetables, grain, broth, milk whey in the composition.
Meat-and-bone as well as fish meal, eggshell crumb, shell rock, chalk are added as mineral components, store preparations are added for vitaminization.
High Line eat a little
DIY chicken diet
Compound feed for chickens. Something similar can be done by hand.
Ready-made industrial rations designed specifically for birds of the egg direction are considered to be the ideal food for layers. Such feeds are balanced, do not require additional vitamin and mineral supplements, are easily digested. Some poultry farmers make similar compositions independently.
Table 2. Ingredients for the finished feed of its own production, based on approximately 1 kg of the finished product
Remember!You should not buy meat and bone meal yellow. This color means that there are too many processed feathers. This can cause the development of cannibalism in birds - behavioral disorders in which they attack their relatives, peck them feathers, skin, cloaca, as well as eggs in nests.
To prepare the composition, in addition to the ingredients, you will need a scale and a grain crusher.
In a grain crusher, corn, peas, wheat, and also other vegetable components are ground, and then mixed in the necessary proportions, salt, flour and everything else is added.
Each individual eats, on average, 100 grams of feed every day, in 3 steps. The amount of food does not depend on the time of year, since the High Lines are carried all 12 months. It is important not to forget about water. It should be updated daily in drinking bowls and always be freely available. Chickens that do not have enough drinking start to hurt.
Rooster or chicken
The belonging of the chicks to the brown or white type is determined by the color of the fluff, but in order to identify the sex of the chicken, you will have to carefully consider the wings of the little High Lines.
The difference between light and dark layers is visible from the first days.
Females fledge faster, in connection with this, feathers of the first order are longer than the coverslips, and in cocks they have the same length. There are individuals whose coating elements are longer. They are also roosters.
Diseases of chickens and their prevention
The high immunity of the High Line ensured them the reputation of healthy and hardy chickens, but did not fully exclude the possibility of infectious diseases. To reduce the risk of death of livestock, perform vaccination. The scheme depends on the epizootic situation in the district, so recommendations on this subject can be obtained from the local veterinary service.
In general, it is believed that Hi-Line crosses need vaccinations from:
- Marek's disease, which is caused by the herpes virus, leads to paralysis and abnormalities in the functioning of internal organs,
- infectious bronchitis - pathology of the respiratory tract, caused by the coronavirus,
- Gumboro disease - another problem of viral origin, in which chickens refuse to eat, lose weight, suffer from diarrhea and kidney failure,
- encephalomyelitis is an infectious lesion of chickens, the second name of which is “epidemic tremor”. The disease gives neurological signs in the form of head tremor, loss of coordination, paresis,
- Newcastle disease - viral and dangerous, which is manifested by respiratory failure, damage to internal organs and membranes of the brain.
For the prevention of infectious problems, in addition to vaccination of the population, it is required to monitor the cleanliness of the hen house. Rare immunity is able to cope with the infection, when the bird lives in its nursery.
Important!Inspect the hens daily, in order to identify and expel chickens with signs of ill health. The diseased individual must be shown to the veterinarian so that he diagnoses and prescribes treatment. If a dead chicken is found in a healthy team, it should also be taken to the veterinary service for an autopsy. This is required to identify the disease that caused the death, as well as for emergency preventive measures.
Advantages and disadvantages of High Line chickens
The undoubted advantages of the hybrid Hy Lai poultry farmers consider:
- impressive productivity indicators
- ease of care,
- unpretentiousness in food,
- endurance and strong immunity
- calm temperament
- ability to adapt quickly.
Unpretentious hybrid - an important advantage
As for the flaws, it is one - a short period of high egg production. In order to compensate for it and to prevent a decrease in the overall productivity of the herd, it is worthwhile to take care of its planned replacement in advance.
When purchasing High Lines, there is no doubt that the family will always have fresh eggs, which will be enough even for neighbors with relatives. Knowing this, scammers under the guise of American crosses sell cheaper chickens. In order not to be trapped, it is better to buy chickens at poultry farms, where they are professionally engaged in breeding these hybrids.
Buying chickens at a poultry factory will save from disappointment