For many decades gardeners have been familiar with the remarkable products of Sedek agricultural company. A huge number of seed varieties and hybrids of tomatoes recognized and loved by domestic gardeners for quality and excellent germination. Today we will talk about Tomato Azhur F1, its cultivation and effective agricultural practices used in the care of the crop.
Tomato Azhur F1: description
Fully justifying its tender name, this tomato is very decorative. Magnificent carved foliage adorns the compact determinant shrub, i.e., limited in growth of shoots, but, nevertheless, giving an excellent harvest of large tomatoes. Fruits reach 300-400 g and have good taste. Tomato Azhur F1 is equally successfully grown both in open beds and in greenhouse conditions. Like many hybrids, it is resistant to cracking and the classic "tomato" diseases. The compactness of the bush allows you to grow it without the use of a garter. In this case, under the weight of ripening and weight gaining tomatoes the bush will lie on the garden bed. The correct flat-rounded shape of the fruit, the fleshy pulp of juicy raspberry color and excellent sweet taste, as well as excellent yield - all these are characteristics of many Ajur F1 tomato gardeners who have won recognition. Tomato, reviews about the cultivation of which allow to make a similar conclusion, is a very promising culture with a moderate formation of stepchildren.
As gardeners assure, this universal hybrid, equally tasty in salads and winter harvesting, is also remarkably fruitful. Up to 5-7 kg are removed from one bush, and experienced gardeners claim that this is not the limit, since the skill, care and use of proper agricultural practices substantially increase the fruit yield of Tomato Ajour F1. The tomato, the seeds of which deserve the highest praise of experienced gardeners, will delight you with excellent fruits. We will understand the intricacies of growing and care.
Tomato seeds Openwork F1 "Sedek"
Positioned on the seed market as a hybrid of medium early ripening, Azhur F1 produces large red-pink fruits for 100-105 days from the moment the shoots appear. The quality of grown hybrids and their resistance to diseases are directly dependent on the seed used. “Sedekovsky” seeds of tomato openwork F1 (reviews of experts confirm this information) won the appreciation of gardeners with high, amicable germination and excellent survival. Planting tomatoes in seedlings is the most productive way to get a good harvest, so they always start with pre-sowing seed treatment. Considering that Tomato Azhur F1 is a medium-early crop, planted on seedlings in early or mid-March.
Seed treatment before planting
Preliminary preparation of seeds for planting will increase germination and reduce the time of germination of seedlings. Usually the seeds are soaked in a solution of a biostimulant ("Appin", "Zircon"), which has protective and activating properties. The openwork F1 is a tomato, the reviews on cultivation of which are very impressive, but experienced gardeners practice warming the seeds before planting. For this purpose, seeds are kept for two days in conditions with a temperature that is constantly maintained up to 40 ˚C, and then they are soaked in Epin. Upon completion of these procedures, the biomaterial is ready for planting.
All varieties and hybrids are perfectly grown by the seedling method. No exception is the tomato Openwork F1, reviews of the cultivation of which allow us to understand that gardeners are unanimous in their opinion: the plant grows quickly and tolerates transplants well. Sow the seeds in seedlings containers, pre-disinfected. Soil will suit any - purchased in a store or cooked independently from garden soil with the addition of humus and peat in different proportions. Two-thirds containers are filled with prepared soil, moistened and seeds are planted with an interval of 1 cm between them, deepening no more than 1-1.5 cm. The containers are closed with film or glass and set in a warm and bright room. Seedlings sprout for 3-4 day. After the seedlings appear on the surface, the glass covering the top of the container is gradually shifted. It is not recommended to take it off right away - small plants are under stress at the same time, and a gradual (not sharp) supply of fresh air minimizes it.
The appearance of 3-5 leaflets on seedlings is a signal for planting each plant in separate pots. This is called a dive. Tomato Azhur F1, reviews of the transplantation of which confirm the good endurance of the seedlings, easily swoops. The soil will be the same, which was used when planting seeds. Prepared soil is poured into pre-disinfected containers and moistened by adding peat-humic fertilizer to the water to regulate and stimulate seedling growth. Such dressings significantly improve the soil due to the vital activity of microorganisms and contribute to improving the immunity of plants. Capacities with seedlings are placed on bright window sills or balconies. The temperature in the premises should not be lower than 22-24 ˚С.
Problems seedlings: how to save it
You can not pick out the seedlings and forget about them. Gardener has to deal with seedlings all the time: we must carefully examine it, feed and water it in time, because the future harvest depends on her health. Although tomatoes, including Tomato Azhur F1 (“Sedek”), belong to very unpretentious crops and are loyal to changing conditions, rare watering and diseases, still poor quality care of seedlings can affect its development. Basically, plants in novice gardeners suffer from a lack of light or illiterate watering. Seedlings should receive light and heat - these are the basic conditions for good development. Even the lack of nutrients does not affect the seedlings as negatively as the absence of these two components. Therefore, it is necessary to think about the proper placement of containers. The correct water regime is important. Often the leaves on the seedlings turn yellow, and this indicator, surprisingly, excessive watering. Experts warn that high humidity can cause the reproduction of pathogenic fungi and lead to various problems. If the process has not gone far, the adjustment of irrigation will return the seedlings to normal development. But with the progressive yellowing of plants will have to take drastic measures.
It is necessary to clean each seedling from the ground and, having examined the roots, remove the blackened and rotted. For large lesions, the main root rod and several large lateral processes are left. Sick leaves cut off. Such a reanimated plant is transplanted into a new, slightly moist fertile soil. Water the seedling should be moderate. The first watering is carried out with warm water with the addition of manganese. Special attention is paid to airing the room, and this must be done constantly, since the influx of fresh air will stop the development of bacteria in the seedlings. Before planting in a permanent place in the ground, the roots can be once again treated with Bordeaux mixture or a weak solution of copper sulphate. Such measures will help plants recover and catch up with healthy seedlings in development (or only a little behind).
Preparing for planting
Judging by the reviews, Tomato Azhur F1, the cultivation of which is the more successful, the stronger and healthier the seedlings, takes root well in the soil heated to 15-17 ° C. Better and faster rooting of young plants occurs in the greenhouse, but in the open field, under appropriate conditions, tomatoes feel good. Greenhouse cultivation allows you to get a harvest much earlier, and tomatoes from an open garden is always tastier. Experienced gardeners practice both types of cultivation of this hybrid.
Preparation of seedlings for planting in a permanent place consists in spraying copper oxychloride - this is done in order to protect young plants from the occurrence of fungal diseases that can be activated during the rooting period, which is difficult for the seedling.
It is recommended to plant seedlings in a not hot time of the day. The ideal option is to do it in the second half of an overcast day. The plant will survive the transplant with minimal stress and use the upcoming night to recuperate and better rooting.
Tomatoes Openwork F1 prefer breathable and permeable, well-heated loamy soil. In open spaces, this vegetable is grown in elevated places or raised beds. The best predecessors previously cultivated in areas where it is supposed to plant tomatoes are cabbage, zucchini, cucumbers. You can not use the former potato beds, because the diseases of potatoes and tomatoes are identical and can slow down the development. The soil is prepared in autumn: humus or compost, wood ash and superphosphate (50 g / 1 m 2) are added under the digging.
If the possibility of changing the place for planting a tomato is absent, then the area is treated with copper sulphate solution. Then they dig out well and bring in any high-quality organic matter, for example, humus.
Since greenhouse spaces annually take the same culture, the treatment of the soil here should also be given maximum attention. At least once every three years, the top layer of the earth should be removed; spring disinfection of the soil and all parts of the greenhouse should be carried out with a solution of blue vitriol. Tomatoes are strong crops that can impoverish the soil, therefore timely fertilization is a necessary condition for increasing the fertility of the greenhouse soil. Organic - the best feeding. At least 20 kg of humus is applied per square meter of soil.
The planting of tomatoes is universal: on the soil surface mark the holes with an interval of 40 cm. For stunted tomatoes, the interval between plants should be about 40 cm, and between rows - 50-60 cm. These types include openwork tomato F1 ("Zedek") . Reviews of gardeners emphasize the optimality of such intervals: tied bushes do not compete with each other, everyone gets equal sunshine, there is no thickening at such a planting.
After marking each well generously watered. Experienced gardeners recommend using organic fertilizers when planting tomatoes. In the hole put a tablespoon of ash and a few bird feathers - a great source of silicon, mixed with the soil. Then place the plant in the hole and close it up with earth. After planting, the bushes are watered again. Gardeners remind: watering should be done with extremely warm water.
After planting, tomatoes should not be watered for a week, and tomato Openwork F1 is no exception. Reviews of gardeners who grow this hybrid, boil down to the fact that the maximum time maintained by young bushes without watering after planting is no more than 10 days. Subsequent "water procedures" until flowering are very moderate - 4-5 liters per 1 m 2. During the formation of flowers and ovaries, the volume of moisture is almost tripled - up to 12-15 liters. But you should carefully observe the soil and adjust the watering. The ground should not dry out or be too wet. Water should not fall on the leaves, stalks and fruits - this will significantly delay the appearance of phytophthora. The best irrigation for tomatoes is drip.
Masking and care
Moderate education of stepsons is a distinctive feature of Tomato Azhur F1. Nevertheless, shoots growing from the leaf axils should be removed. On them, the plant takes a lot of energy, and pinching off the stepsons potentially increases the future harvest.
Tomato Azhur F1, whose agrotechnical cultivation involves regular weeding and loosening, is very responsive to care and gives the crop much more readily when these simple conditions are met.
Diseases and pests
Is tomato openwork F1 susceptible to diseases? The opinions of specialists on this aspect of cultivation are as follows: the culture is very resistant to various “tomato” misfortunes, but flaws in care can provoke an attack of any pest or infection. The most common diseases from which the bush suffers are fungal infections, late blight, tobacco mosaic, top rot and brown spotting. To avoid such troubles, or rather, to prevent their occurrence, gardeners recommend to observe a number of simple conditions:
• use quality seeds purchased from reputable manufacturers,
• do not plant tomatoes near the potato,
• change the planting site annually or, in the absence of such an opportunity, process and restore the soil,
• when a lesion is detected, it is necessary to destroy the plant,
• it is necessary to carry out work on the formation of the bush only with plants that have dried out after watering,
• use greenhouses if possible.
By following these simple guidelines, experienced gardeners retain a significant portion of the crop. As a rule, the peculiar smell of tomato foliage scares away the trivial pests of vegetable gardens - snails and slugs bypass the planting of tomatoes, especially if they are located indoors, for example, in a greenhouse. The atmosphere there, which is unpleasant for pests, is even more concentrated and unbearable; therefore, tomatoes capable of protecting themselves are rarely attacked. Tomato Azhur F1 has the same properties. Reviews, photos indicate this. Tomatoes are rarely damaged by such pests.
Thus, proper care and care will be rewarded a hundredfold and will please the hardworking gardener with a good harvest of an excellent crop called Tomato Openwork F1. Agrofirm "Sedek", offering this hybrid in the market, guarantees a magnificent harvest of tasty fruits.
Tomatoes Openwork variety description
Tomato Azhur is a determinant hybrid, refers to the standard plants.
In height can reach 60-90 centimeters, that is plant srednerosly.
Resistant to cracking, top and root rot, as well as weather changes.
Designed for cultivation in open ground, and in greenhouses.
The time of full ripening of the fruits is 100-110 days, which gives grounds to attribute it to the middle-early hybrids.
Upon reaching varietal maturity, the fruits have a bright red color and a rounded, slightly flattened shape.
The average weight of the fruit is 240-280 grams. In rare cases, it can reach 350-400, but this is more likely an exception.
The fruits are very fleshy, with a dense skin, with a pleasant interesting taste and smell.
Country of breeding and year of registration
This hybrid was developed in Russia by our specialists for growing in the greenhouse conditions of the northern regions of Russia.
In the open ground in the south is able to give a very good result of the yield. He received state registration as a vegetable in 2007 and immediately earned the attention of gardeners.
In which regions it is better to grow
In the open field is suitable for cultivation in areas of the Astrakhan region, Krasnodar Territory and in the central regions of Russia: Belgorod region and Kursk. In regions with more harsh climatesuch as the south of Siberia, the Far East, the Urals possible cultivation exclusively in greenhouses.
Way to use
Hybrid Tomato Azhur F1 is famous for its universality in application. This is a table variety, its small fruits can be used for canning.
Those that are larger, perfect for fresh consumption. You can also get enough juice and tomato paste from them.
Variety of tomato openwork characterized by high yieldThis is one of the reasons for its popularity among gardeners.
The bush forms 3-4 brushes on a branch, 5-6 fruits on each. With the right approach to business and sufficient feeding, you can get up to 10-12 pounds of tasty fruits from 1 square. m
See below: Tomatoes Openwork photo
Advantages and disadvantages
TO merits Azhura rightly include:
- good yield
- high taste,
- heat resistance
- resistance to many typical diseases,
- universality in the use of fruits.
Among deficiencies The emergence of difficulties in the care of the growth of the plant, as well as an increased need for fertilizer and regular watering.
Features of growing and storage
The main feature of the variety is its unpretentiousness and the ability to easily tolerate heat and lack of moisture. When growing may need a garter.
It requires regular loosening of the soil and application of mineral fertilizers. Productivity - high. Matured fruits easily carry transportation and long-term storage.
Tomato "Openwork", the description of which is based on information emanating from the technical documents of the manufacturer and verification data, is a deterministic hybrid of domestic breeding. “Openwork F1” characterizes the average height of a shtamb 60 - 90 cm (sometimes it reaches a meter), which relates it to middle-class varieties. Hybrid "Openwork F1" refers to medium-early hybrids due to ripening of fruits within 100 - 120 days. Сельскохозяйственным институтом сорту «Ажур» была дана характеристика жаростойкого и суперурожайного.
Оригинатор и производитель семян — ООО «Седек».
Томат сорта «Ажур» устойчив к жаре и засухе, чуток к соблюдению агротехнических приемов и норм. "Openwork F1" is planted by seedlings in film and glass greenhouses, covered ground. An important agrotechnical reception before planting seedlings will be seed treatment. The time of the beginning and end of agrotechnical operations is specific for each region.
Preparing for landing
The preplant treatment of tomato seeds of the “Openwork F1” variety corresponds to the preparation of similar solanaceous plants and includes soaking in solutions of chemical and biostimulants, such as “Zircon” and “Epin”, although other preparations are also suitable. Also, despite the good they are kept for two days in conditions of constant forty-degree temperature, and then they are soaked. After soaking, the seeds are ready for sowing.
Sowing seedlings produced in cassettes or just cups. Before this, containers should be washed and sanitized to avoid contamination of the seedlings with pests and diseases. The soil for seedlings is standard, it can be made by mixing any land with peatlands and pus, or taken from greenhouses. After that, the treated seeds are deepened 1 cm into the moistened soil in increments of about 1 cm or 1 seed to each well of the cassette. Containers are covered or placed in special cabinets, in a warm (20 - 24˚ C) bright place. Shoots appear for 3-4 days.
Seedlings dive, if the landing was not made in the cassette. The essence of the picking is that each plant is transplanted separately. For this, the containers are prepared in the same way as for the primary landing. Soil is poured into each container and watered with fertilizers containing a peat-humin group, regulators and growth stimulants. Top-dressings stimulate the vital activity of plants.
Although seedling varieties "Openwork F1" and refers to unpretentious species and loyal to the harsh conditions such as diseases and heat and irrigation, poor-quality care reduces germination, reduces the strength of the seedlings and acts detrimental. For beginner farmers, seedlings suffer from insufficient insolation, in the northern regions and for early planting, seedlings will have to be illuminated. Water the plants need to be quite often, however, with excessive humidity, there is a high probability of developing mold fungi and yellowing of the leaves. Also important is the timely fertilization of NPK plants.
Preparation of tomato seedlings “Openwork F1” for planting consists of spraying copper chlorine oxide against fungal diseases.
The soil for planting should meet the standards of the culture, be well aerated, not compacted, well heated, with an optimal salt and acid balance, which does not have chemicals harmful to vegetable crops. In open ground, tomatoes are grown by cutting humps 10 to 15 centimeters high and 20 to 25 centimeters wide. The best precursors for tomato will be cereals, legumes, corn. Other solanaceous will be destructive, especially tomatoes and potatoes. Due to the affinity of crops in the ground, there is a strong accumulation of pests, which will be financially disadvantageous in the second iteration of the monoculture under conditions of open ground. In closed ground, apply the method of drip nesting on a non-ground basis. The soil must be mechanically treated in the fall, dig or plow, and then fertilize according to the chemical composition of the soil.
Preparation of greenhouses for a variety of tomato "Openwork F1" is no different from preparation for other crops. It is necessary to make sure that there are no pests and to spray and fumigate them. In standard greenhouses to make fertilizer, and in conditions of non-cultivation to prepare the basis.
Planting tomatoes varieties "Openwork F1" is typical for tomatoes. On the surface of the ground, digging holes with an interval of 40 cm and a row spacing of 50 - 60 cm. The wells are watered abundantly with water, feeding is done and, having each plant in the hole, covers its roots with earth. After this, the bush is watered again. Also planting seedlings of different types, which allows you to combine digging dimples, planting plants, fertilizer, closing and cutting the grooves in a single pass units.
Watering varieties "Openwork F1" begin after the transplanting. The first is made immediately after disembarkation, after which a week-long break is recommended. Watering is done depending on the climate of the region in which the variety is grown, and depends on the soil moisture. From year to year, weather conditions are not so standard to develop a systematic table of nightshade. Machine irrigation showed itself perfectly, however, fine spraying and drip irrigation injure plants less, especially in the initial stage, which significantly increases the yield.
- Pasynkovanie, or removal, sprouting in the axils of the leaves of shoots. Although the variety of tomato "Openwork F1" has a reasonably low pasynkoval activity, yet the number of stepsons that appear is enough to reduce the yield and the content of solids in the fruit, to reduce the size of the fruit. Also, with strong growth of stepsons, plant growth is reduced and the lower leaves of both the mother bush and neighboring leaves are shaded. To prevent these negative factors, stepchildren pinch off manually.
- Weeding and loosening between the beds are carried out regularly. They depend on the total amount of weeds. The tomato responds well to the correct agricultural practices, increasing yields. However, the amount of weed can be reduced by introducing rapidly decomposable herbicides into the soil before planting seedlings, or by spraying the grown weeds with non-selective glyphosate-type herbicides.
- Pest control tomato "Openwork F1" correlates with the fight on other solanaceous. It consists of preventive maintenance, crop rotation, plowing the soil before winter, spraying with insecticides and acaricides,
- The fight against fungi and diseases in the Azhur F1 variety is also not specific and is facilitated by high resistance to pathogens that are standard for the territory of the CIS.
Reviews on the cultivation of varieties of tomato openwork
Variety Openwork bought by chance, planted it in the open field. I was very surprised by my yield, there was a sea of tomatoes, only manage to shoot and tie up the branches. Support is necessary, as the bush, though not very large, but spreading. Fruits littered branches, therefore they put props.
The first tomatoes were large, used for salads. Later, they were smaller and I mothballed them. Crop gives amicably, quickly moving away, so a place in the garden can be freed up and planted something else (for example, greens).
Elvira, Leningrad Region
Two years in a row planted a hybrid Openwork. I liked the taste of tomatoes, the fruits themselves - not small. They ate in salads, did not reach the blanks, they ate everything so. Well ripen at home in the basket, lie for a long time, do not spoil.
I also wanted to plant it this year, but I did not find any seeds. In winter, I will try to purchase in advance, be sure to plant more.
Growing seedlings and care
In the south, the openwork is sown with seeds in the ground, in all other regions grown through seedlings. Sowing of seeds - in the middle or end of March, so that after two months the ready seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
Prepare the soil, boxes and pots for tomatoes, conduct pre-sowing seed treatment.
- Soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate (for 15-20 minutes).
- Stimulation of germination in Epin, Zircon compositions. Use ash infusion, aloe juice.
- Sprouting seeds.
As a nutrient mixture used purchased soil, also prepare the soil independently. Suitable mixture of turf land, humus, peat, river sand (2: 1: 1: 0.5). Soil from the garden or from the greenhouse for growing seedlings is not recommended.
First, the tomatoes are sown in common containers, then, as soon as 2-3 true leaves appear, they dive into separate pots.
Top dressing - once or twice (8-10 days after the picking), watering moderate, as the soil dries. To avoid getting black leg disease, tomatoes are recommended to water 1-2 times with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. On the surface of the soil scatter calcined river sand.
Tomatoes need hardening, so about 10-14 days before disembarking, they are carried out to fresh air (open balconies, verandas). Procedures start from 15-20 minutes, gradually increasing the time to several hours.
In the middle zone in the greenhouse openwork planted in early or mid-May. The dates are determined by the climate, weather features in a particular year. It is important to establish a stable heat, the soil is heated to + 14ºC.
Plant beds are determined later, at the end of May or mid-June. In the regions of Siberia, the Urals or the North-West, compared with the middle lane, the dates shift by summer by one and a half or two weeks. When landing on ridges it is recommended to cover the seedlings with non-woven material.
A hybrid of 3-4 bushes per 1 square meter is planted, without thickening the planting. Humus and a spoon of superphosphate are added to the wells. Water only 5-7 days after disembarkation.
Hybrid Openwork does not need regular pasynkovanii, it is enough to remove the shoots before the first flower brush. The lower leaflets are also gradually removed, so that by the time of the formation of the fruits on the first brush, the stem below is “bare”.
When cultivated in a greenhouse, a trellis is established, in the open field - stakes. Garter is needed on the beds, because during the period of fruiting under the weight of the tomatoes the bushes can break.
This hybrid is excellent in tolerating drought, resistant to elevated temperatures. But it should be watered regularly, especially in the greenhouse. In the open ground, the tomatoes have enough moisture from precipitation, watering is required only in hot weather.
Usually watered 1-2 times a week, based on the weather. Water is taken warm, defended. Watered into the holes, grooves, trying to prevent moisture from falling on the leaves and branches of tomatoes.
In greenhouses, they control the level of humidity, since tomatoes equally poorly tolerate high humidity and too dry air. After watering, the greenhouses are airing, opening the air vents and doors. During a prolonged drought, greenhouses are not closed at night, so that the temperature inside the shelters is comfortable for the plants.
Over the summer, the hybrid must be fed 4-5 times. If the soil in the fall and spring were well filled with fertilizers, then the number of dressings will be reduced to 2-3.
At the beginning of the growing season, nitrogen is introduced using organic matter (diluted mullein, bird droppings), later in the period of flowering and the formation of ovaries - phosphorus, potassium. Complex fertilizers are effective for tomatoes, where all the elements necessary for the growth and fruiting of plants are present.
Use ready-made compositions for solanaceous - Kemira Plus, Agricola, Ideal. Those who seek to grow crops without the use of "chemistry", prefer green infusions of fermented grass. In order to increase the number of ovaries, tomatoes are sprayed with drugs “Bud”, “Ovary”, solutions of iodine, boric acid.
If you grew tomatoes Openwork F1, please write whether you liked them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? How do you assess the resistance of this tomato to disease? Describe briefly the advantages and disadvantages of this tomato in your opinion. If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!
Your reviews about Tomato Azhur and additions to the description will help many gardeners evaluate this hybrid objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.
Description of this variety
Characteristics and description of a variety of tomato Azhur allows you to find out the characteristics of tomatoes and the specifics of their cultivation. This is a hybrid of the first generation, gives high yields and has a strong immunity to many diseases. Like all tomatoes, this grows mainly in greenhouses, but in hot summer it can be grown outdoors. This variety name is widely known also in Siberia, in the Urals, in the Far East. In a harsh climate, these tomatoes ripen anyway, they are not afraid of cold.
Fruits ripen in three and a half months after planting seeds in boxes. They are usually red or pinkish, juicy, with dense skin. The taste is very harmonious and pleasant, such as should be in real tomatoes. By weight, they do not exceed 300 grams, not very large. The shape is round, slightly flattened on the sides. On one branch several pieces of almost the same size ripen at once.
The foliage on the bush is round and carved, rather thickly growing. The color is bright green.
Tomato of this variety is one of those universal varieties that are used in the preparation of fresh salads, as well as in conservation. It gives a very good yield, with one bush you can get up to 20 ripe fruits, or 10 kilograms. They are also grown for sale.
The bushes are quite high, so they need to be tied up and occasionally stepson. Inflorescences and flowers are simple. They form little excess shoots, so too often they will not have to be cut off. But if it is necessary for the tomatoes to ripen large ones, then it is better to pick them more often, and leave no more than three shoots on the stem.
This variety is well suited for those summer residents who do not have the opportunity to constantly be in the garden, but they would like to grow tomatoes.
How to plant
Those who once planted tomatoes, know that in cold areas before planting the house must be germinated seeds. And then the seedlings can be planted in a greenhouse. Seeds are treated with a special agent, dissolved in water, so that they quickly hatch and hurt less. Next, you need to close the film with the seed box, and wait until they grow.
While the seedlings are growing up, you need to carefully care for her.
- Water as soon as the ground dries in the greenhouse,
- Maintain good light,
- The temperature in the room should not be below 20 degrees,
- With the appearance of more than three leaves, sprouts should be transplanted from each other, tear off the extra leaves.
- Feed every two to three weeks,
- It is important to ensure that there is not too much water, otherwise the seedlings will begin to rot and ache,
- If somewhere a dry or rotten leaf has appeared, it must be urgently removed.
When the seedlings germinate and become strong, thick, then they begin to transplant it into the greenhouse. The land is prepared in advance, it is loosened, fertilized, dug up. It is necessary to water the ground before planting processes. It is undesirable to plant in the greenhouse, where tomatoes grew last year. It is better to change places every year. Tomatoes grow very well after beans, grass, cereals. Next to the potato field, the greenhouse is also not a place, otherwise the fruit will not ripen. The potato will take all the substances.
All summer tomatoes will enjoy a wonderful harvest if they are properly cared for in the greenhouse.
All about leaving
Openwork - tomato variety, which is not too capricious in the care. It is perfect for those summer residents who can not always be in the garden. He can safely do without watering for several days. But still, these cultures need care. In return, they will be given a large number of healthy vegetables, from which it will be possible to make fortified juices and juicy salads.
Strengthened seedlings are planted in a greenhouse, when outside temperature is already 14-17 degrees. You can spray them with copper oxide. Since the bushes grow quite long, they must be immediately tied up.
Plant better in the evening when there is no hot sun. The shoots are seated 50 centimeters apart. Between the beds, too, should be left to make it convenient to approach them.
This variety requires very simple care. They calmly tolerate drought, so you can not water them often if there is a problem. They have very few stepsons that need to be split off. Do not forget to grow these crops during fertilization; fertile land is extremely important for tomatoes.
The most dangerous thing that can happen to tomatoes is the attack of harmful insects on them. It may be a tick, snail, caterpillar, moth, butterfly and others. Especially dangerous are small mites, they suck all the energy from the foliage, the plant cannot grow and bear fruit. Snails and worms eat the fruits, forming holes in them, thereby depriving a person of juiciness and beneficial vitamins.
Therefore, for the prevention it is necessary to periodically spray the bushes with soap and water. This will help to remove the pests from the leaves and create uncomfortable conditions for their existence. And the ash, scattered next to the roots of plants, protects against caterpillars and slugs.
Fine red pepper powder will chase away the intruders. Just need to slightly gnaw it in the ground. You can buy from the beetles some tools in the store for the garden.
In order for the plant to be healthy and strong, it needs to be watered correctly, fed in time, observe the desired mode of humidity and temperature, loosen the ground, crush it, remove weeds. Sometimes insects come from them. It is also useful to plow the ground in the fall before the very frosts, to remove all unnecessary weeds, to splash the soil with special means from pest larvae.
Description Tomato Azhur from those who planted it, always has a positive assessment. Among their merits, they note good immunity, resistance to long-term drought, bring many fruits at the same time, and tolerate transportation. It can be planted for sale. He is also loved for his unique sweet-sour taste and unpretentiousness in care.
It contains a lot of vitamin C, which is useful for immunity, amino acids and minerals. These tomatoes are salted, boiled from them adjika, pastes, juices, sauces. They are also valued as a healthy vegetable for fresh salads. Therefore, we can say that the main advantage of this variety is that it is universal in use.
Помидоры сорта Ажур можно вырастить каждому на дачном участке. Важно только знать все правила об уходе за ним. Этот гибрид не оставит никого равнодушным. Отличного урожая!
Внешний вид и описание сорта
Плоды созревают относительно рано — первый урожай собирается уже на 15-16-й неделе после появления первых ростков. They can be grown in open ground and under film cover.They are suitable for growing in the country and in the garden, as well as for large-scale vegetable production and are deterministic type - when the stem stops growing after tying a few brushes (usually 4-5) and the bush gives the crop early, once per season.
The height of the bush can reach 80 cm, the leaves are large, the structure of the inflorescences is simple, the stem is articulated. The number of nests - from 4 to 6. Seasonal yield of tomatoes "Openwork" reaches 6 kg per 1 square. m With proper care and feeding from one plant you can collect up to 8 kg of fruit.
In describing the advantages of tomatoes "Openwork F1" it is worth mentioning the unpretentiousness of the variety to the methods of cultivation: in the open field and under the film. Here are just a garter need to carry out on time and monitor the formation of the bush, in a timely manner to remove excess ovaries, to grow large, juicy and uncracked vegetables. Proper care is a guarantee that you grow beautiful vegetables in your garden or greenhouse.
Seed preparation and planting
Tomatoes variety "Openwork F1" sown 2 months before planting seedlings. Here you need to focus on possible May frosts and on the method of cultivation.
Seeds of hybrids are not disinfected, like seeds of pure varieties, they are not hardened with cold and sowed dry. If you plan to grow in a greenhouse, they are sown a couple of weeks earlier. Sowing is carried out in boxes up to 10 cm high, filled with special purchased soil mixture.
If desired, you can make such a mixture yourself. Here is one of the simplest recipes: a bucket of a mixture of equal parts of turf, manure and peat - a tablespoon of ash, a teaspoon of phosphate fertilizer and a teaspoon of potash fertilizer. The mixture is prepared a week before use and moistened.
On the right day, it is poured into a box and trampled, then watered with a warm solution of sodium humate, furrowed at an interval of 5 cm to a depth of 1 cm, thrown seeds into the furrows 2 cm from each other and sprinkled. The box is stored in a warm (not above 24 ° C), lighted place.
Storing and planting seedlings
Storage conditions for sprouts:
- good illumination
- high humidity (daily spraying),
- heat (in the daytime not less than +18 ° C, at night - not less than + 12 ° C).
To this end, the earth must be calcined in an oven (a quarter of an hour, at 180 ° C) or heated in a microwave oven (a minute, at a power of 800), or scalded with boiling water. You can also use a solution of potassium permanganate. Then the soil should be heated for a week at room temperature - for reproduction in it microflora.
Before sowing, you need to fill the container (peat pots, plastic cups, etc.) with decontaminated wet soil. After that, the grooves should be made in it with an interval of 3 cm and a depth of 1 cm, put seeds in them every 2 cm, and finally fall asleep.
From the moment of emergence of seedlings (one week after sowing) they should be stored indoors, in a lit place for about 1.5-2 months. To create a high humidity container can be covered with a film or glass. The humidity of the soil mixture should be monitored daily and carefully sprayed if necessary.
In warm, windless weather, it is necessary to take the “youngsters” to the open space, gradually accustoming them to the sun's rays: first for 5 minutes, then for 10 minutes and so on, daily increasing the duration of “sunbathing”.
The seedling of any tomato, including the variety “Azhur”, from the moment of the appearance of the first shoots, needs regular (every 2 weeks) organic dressings.
If the seeds were sown from the very beginning in one large container (the recommended volume is 0.5-1 l), then on the tenth day after sprouting a picking is carried out - sprouting out of the total capacity along individual small ones. A couple of days before that, it is advisable to water it so that the soil dries out slightly and is not heavy when picking.
Picks should be done carefully along with an earthy lump, in a 200 ml tank - peat pots, plastic cups, etc. After 6-7 weeks flower brushes appear on the sprouts - this means that after a couple of weeks you should plant in the garden or in the greenhouse. And you can not hesitate here!
When planting sprouts in the ground need observe the following scheme: the distance between the seedlings is 40 cm, the planting depth is 2 cm. This should be done in case of cloudy, windless weather.
Growing tomatoes on the beds in the open air is somewhat different from the greenhouse method, so consider both options separately.
Care of a grade in an open ground
In this case, cultivation is reduced to watering, aeration, feeding, if necessary, tying the stems to supports, hilling (2-3 times per season), as well as to fight weeds, pests and diseases. Aeration is the loosening of the soil between the rows for air access to the root system. In addition, loosening, like hilling, helps fight weeds. After all, the zealous owner does not fight weeds with the help of herbicides.
In the fight against fungal diseases, infected fruits are removed, plant residues are destroyed, and areas are isolated from other solanaceous crops.
How to water the plant
As already mentioned in the description, "Openwork" is very unpretentious, but, despite this, all the same requires regular wateringso that the earth does not dry up until the vegetables are fully ripe.
Watering need tomatoes in the evenings. Underground drip is considered the best irrigation method - it provides the highest yield. If such a method cannot be organized, then water should be watered with ashes (2 pinches per 10 l) under the roots or between the rows. Subject to the listed conditions, the fruit will never fall ill with vertex rot.
The need for feeding and tying up tomatoes
Fertilizers need to be at least three times per season, but it is better to feed regularly every 2 weeks. Any fertilizer will do, as long as there is more phosphorus and potassium in them than nitrogen.
Here is a simple fertilizer recipe: 10 g of water 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 50 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium chloride. In addition, plants constantly need magnesium, and during flowering period - boron (evening spraying of greens with a weak solution of boric acid).
The garter of bushes protects stalks from breakage under own weight. At the same time the garter should not injure the stems.
It is necessary to tie the stems to the pegs immediately after their landing in the ground. Then they will take root and grow rapidly. Seedlings also need to tie up when they grow 5-6 leaves. The pegs are hammered to a depth of 40 cm, on the north side of the stem, at a distance of 10 cm. The height of the support is 1 m.
Before sowing or planting seedlings land should be treated accordingly.
For the “Openwork” variety, light, non-floating soils are required, with good aeration, containing more than 2% of humus, with an acid index (pH) from 6 to 7. Then the yield of tomatoes will be maximum.
Soil preparation is digging in the fall on a spade bayonet and loosening in early spring, and another cultivation before sowing or planting. The earth should be heated to +15 ° C and above. To ensure this condition, it is necessary in advance to cover the beds with black film.
Organic fertilizers are applied under the previous crop at the rate of 3-4 kg / sq. m of fresh manure, it optimizes the use of nutrients. Mineral fertilizers must be applied on the basis of a general agrochemical analysis of the soil.
Feed phosphate and potash fertilizers carried out for plowing in the fall at the rate of 10 g / ha and 20 g / ha, respectively. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring 3-4 times and throughout the entire growth of the plant at the rate of 10 g / ha. In addition, with a lack of calcium, plants should be fed with mineral fertilizers with a high content of this element.
Planting and care
- The landing is not too deep.
- Nitrogen fertilizers should not be too much, otherwise the tops will grow more intensively than berries.
- It is necessary to plant a sprout without yellowing and without cotyledon leaves.
- Landing is done in the absence of the sun, in a moist soil.
Watering time is earlier morning or late evening, so that excessive condensation does not form and does not drip onto tomato bushes. To maintain a stable microclimate, the greenhouse needs to be aired 2 hours after watering.
Garters can be used as pegs, and linear / frame grilles.
The butchers, growing from the leaf axils, lead to undesirable branching of the bush. After all, then shading is formed, the probability of infection increases, and maturation slows down. Therefore, the stepchildren on tomatoes must be removed - in the morning, in order for the wound to quickly dry.
At the beginning of the second decade after the disembarkation of seedlings need to do first feeding a mixture of nitrophosphate solution (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water) and liquid mullein (0.5 l). Second feeding produced at the beginning of the third decade. During the season you need to make at least three feedings.
Pests and diseases
Although “Openwork” is distinguished by its resistance to standard diseases, it is still necessary to know about them, as well as about methods of dealing with them. After all, the likelihood that parasites and infections can harm your tomatoes and reduce their productivity, there is.
One of the frequent uninvited guests in the beds are fungi. Spores of fungi spread through the air (wind, moisture, insects, garden tools) and, getting into wounds or natural openings of plants, infect them. Bushiness also contributes to the reproduction of fungi.
Of fungal diseases worth noting gray rot - she loves greenhouse conditions, especially “sour” soil. Disease prevention: regular airing of the greenhouse, pH leveling by adding ash and bone meal to the soil. Treatment: treatment of diseased leaves and berries with a mixture of lime (2 parts) and copper sulfate (1 part) or their complete removal.
Septoria - Another fungal disease. The fungus is parasitic on the stems and leaves (light spots with dark edging and dots). Treatment: spraying with copper oxychloride emulsion with repeating the procedure after 15 days.
To fungal diseases can be attributed and late blightwhen the fruits almost instantly turn black and rot. The disease progresses in the fall, during sudden changes in temperature. Prevention: treatment 3-4 times per season with Ridomil Gold. Treatment: burning affected bushes. Bacteria, unicellular organisms, also parasitize plants - in this case they talk about bacteriosis. Conditions for their development: high humidity, warm weather.
Viruses are even smaller bacteria. Carriers of viruses that afflict tomatoes arecicadas, pincers and aphid - insects sucking juice. Symptoms of viral diseases often resemble fungal and bacterial lesions.
Bushes infected with a virus are incurable and dangerous to healthy "neighbors". Among viral infections, the most common - peak rotwhen brown spots appear on leaves and on immature fruits. As a rule, the disease is rampant in the conditions of rainy summer. Preventive measures: ventilation, removal of lower foliage. Treatment: watering the soil with a solution of 4% potassium chloride.
Of the pests, the worst enemies of tomatoes are scoops. Against them there is only one weapon - insecticides, which incidentally destroy less dangerous parasites - the aphid and the Colorado potato beetle.