The stems of the plant are erect, hairless and grooved. The height of the shoots reaches 150 cm, thickness - 2 cm.
Lower leaves are triangular-ovoid with a heart-shaped base. The length of the leaf plate reaches 25 cm, width - up to 13 cm. Apical leaves are pointed, ovate-lanceolate with small, hard hairs.
Small flowers of horse sorrel are collected in whorled inflorescences - tirsy. Flowers consist of six petals of a greenish-yellow shade. The plant blooms from May to June.
Fruits - brown oval nuts, enclosed in a tricuspid perianth. The length of the fetus - from 4 to 7 mm. The plant bears fruit from June to July. Ripe nuts fall in winter.
You have learned what horse sorrel looks like. Now tell you where the plant is found and what type of soil prefers.
The horse sorrel plant prefers moist soil. Develops on silty soils with short-term flooding. Does not tolerate waterlogging.
Where to find horse sorrel? It is found in river valleys, on forest edges, glades, in ravines and weedy places. It grows in forest, forest-steppe and steppe zones.
Horse sorrel grows as single specimens, and large groups of plants. Often you can find extensive dense thickets of weed.
Distributed throughout the territory of the CIS countries. Does not grow only in the Far North.
The chemical composition of horse sorrel:
- essential oil,
- vitamin C,
- organic acids
- calcium oxalate,
- vitamin k,
Medicinal properties and contraindications of horse sorrel are in the chemical composition of the plant. Due to its rich composition, the plant has antibacterial, hemostatic and astringent effects.
Horse sorrel is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tractbut. It normalizes digestion, enhances the production of gastric juice and eliminates inflammatory processes in the body.
Horse sorrel has an analgesic effect for rheumatism, muscle and tendon strains. Funds based on it are used externally for wound healing, treatment of skin diseases and varicose veins.
You have learned what horse sorrel helps. Now we will tell how to harvest and store medicinal raw materials.
How to collect
The root of horse sorrel harvested after full flowering of the aerial parts of the plant. It is dug, cleaned from the ground and cut into pieces. Before drying horse sorrel, the raw material is washed under running water.
The leaves and flowers are harvested during the growing season, the fruits - from August to late autumn. Dried medicinal raw materials under a canopy at a temperature not higher than 50 degrees.
Store dry horse sorrel in cloth bags or paper bags in a ventilated room. Shelf life of raw materials - up to 2 years.
You have learned how and when to collect horse sorrel. Now tell you how to use raw materials for the preparation of medicines.
How to apply
From the horse sorrel make decoctions, tinctures and tinctures Horse sorrel is used in folk and traditional medicine. On the basis of medicinal raw materials at home prepare infusions, decoctions, drops, extracts.
Plant-based products are used as an antithemic drug for the treatment of adults and children. In small doses, horse sorrel stops diarrhea, in large doses, it exhibits laxative properties. Therefore, horse sorrel from diarrhea should be taken strictly according to the instructions, not exceeding the dosage.
With the help of horse sorrel in folk medicine, gynecological diseases are treated. Decoction and infusion of plants are used for douching. It has anti-inflammatory, disinfectant and hemostatic effects.
Horse sorrel extract is used externally to treat skin diseases. The tool effectively removes headache, if applied with massage movements on the temples.
Infusion horse sorrel is used to treat diseases of the mouth and throat. Medicated rinses effectively eliminate inflammation, sore throat, cough and runny nose.
Decoction of diarrhea (in adults and children)
Broth horse sorrel has astringent and protivopolozhny action. For the preparation using the roots of the plant. Let us tell you how to brew the sorrel horse with diarrhea in adults.
- Horse sorrel root - 20 gr.
- Water - 250 ml.
How to cook: Wash and clean the sorrel root, cut it into small pieces and pour boiling water over it. Put the container on medium heat, bring to a boil and cook for 10 minutes. Remove from heat, cover and leave for at least one hour. Strain the cooled broth through cheesecloth.
How to apply: Take 70 ml of decoction 3 times a day. A decoction of horse sorrel from diarrhea adults must be taken strictly according to the prescribed dosage. The maximum daily rate is 230 ml.
Result: The remedy effectively stops diarrhea and has a hemostatic effect in bloody diarrhea.
Herbal decoction is used to treat diarrhea in children from 8 years of age. For the preparation of children's products use the leaves and fruits of the plant or double the water content in the broth to get a less concentrated drink. Consider a recipe for horse sorrel from diarrhea for children based on the fruits of the plant.
- Sorrel fruits - 1 tablespoon.
- Water - 250 ml.
How to cook: Pour boiling water over the sorrel fruit, put the container on medium heat and bring to a boil. Boil the liquid for 10 minutes, remove from the heat, cover with a lid and leave for at least one hour. Strain broth through cheesecloth.
How to apply: Take ½ tablespoon up to 3 times per day.
Result: Horse sorrel for children from diarrhea effectively stops diarrhea, has anti-inflammatory and astringent action.
Tincture of horse sorrel from hemorrhoids is prepared on vodka, alcohol or purified moonshine. Consider the recipe for a drink on vodka.
- Horse sorrel root - 2 tablespoons.
- Water - 8 tablespoons.
How to cook: Rinse and chop the horse sorrel root, cover it with vodka and tightly close the lid. Insist at room temperature for 14 days. Strain the finished product through a multi-layer gauze.
How to apply: Take 20 drops 3 times a day before meals.
Result: Horse sorrel tincture with hemorrhoids eliminates pain, normalizes blood circulation in the pelvic organs and has a hemostatic effect in rectal bleeding.
Infusion for diabetes
Horse sorrel with diabetes include in the diet fresh or in the form of infusion. Despite the fact that the plant reduces the level of glucose in the blood, before using it, you should consult with a specialist in order not to harm the body. Consider a recipe for infusion with diabetes.
- Horse sorrel root - 1 tablespoon.
- Horse sorrel seeds - 1 tablespoon.
- Water - 250 ml.
How to cook: Rinse and chop the root of the plant, add the seeds and cover with a glass of boiling water. Cover with a lid, warm with a towel and leave for at least 2 hours.
How to apply: Take 1 tablespoon 15–20 minutes before meals.
Result: Infusion of horse sorrel with diabetes effectively lowers blood sugar levels, normalizes blood pressure and metabolism.
For the treatment of epicondylitis using powder from the roots of horse sorrel. On its basis, make an ointment for external use, combining it with animal fat. The tool heals wounds and helps with sprains of muscles and ligaments. Consider the recipe of the powder from the roots of the plant.
- Horse sorrel root - 50 gr.
How to cook: Wash the root of the plant under running water, peel it and cut it into pieces. Crush them in a coffee grinder to a powder.
How to apply: Take 0.25 gr. Powder 3 times a day with 1 glass of warm water.
Result: Horse sorrel with epicondylitis eliminates the inflammatory process and has an analgesic effect. At a later stage of the disease, an ointment based on a powder is additionally used to enhance the therapeutic effect.
You have learned that treats horse sorrel. Consider the recipes of the basic plant-based dosage forms.
Horse sorrel molds
On the basis of horse sorrel, you can prepare a variety of tools for external use, and for oral administration. Consider a basic plant-based dosage form.
In pharmacies, you can buy ready-made horse sorrel extract or prepare it at home. It is used to treat thrombophlebitis, varicose veins and disorders of the cardiovascular system and the gastrointestinal tract.
- Horse sorrel root - 10 gr.
- Horse sorrel flowers - 10 g.
- Olive oil - 60 ml.
How to cook: Wash the roots and flowers of the plant, dry them with a towel. Grind medicinal raw materials in a coffee grinder to the consistency of the powder. Heat the olive oil in a water bath, add the powder and mix. Soak the product for 10 minutes on minimal heat, remove it from the stove and let it stand under the lid for at least an hour. Strain the finished extract through a cotton gauze filter and store in the refrigerator.
How to apply: Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day. Use the extract for external use for varicose veins. Apply the product with massage movements on the affected skin 2−3 times a day for 1 month.
Result: The plant extract lowers blood pressure, normalizes blood circulation, eliminates blood clots and normalizes digestion.
From horse sorrel do water infusions and alcohol-containing tinctures. Above, we considered the recipe for vodka-based preparation. Now we will tell how to make a drink on alcohol. Consider the recipe of tincture of horse sorrel and instructions for use of the tool.
- Horse sorrel root - 20 gr.
- Alcohol - 50 ml.
- Granulated sugar - 1 tsp.
How to cook: Wash and chop up the root of the plant, add sugar to it and pour over the alcohol. Close the lid tightly, shake the container and store in a dark place for 2 weeks. Filter the finished drink.
How to apply: Take 20 drops up to 3 times per day before meals.
Result: Infusion of horse sorrel on alcohol reduces blood pressure, cleanses the blood and normalizes digestion.
Tea from horse sorrel is prepared on the basis of the leaves and flowers of the plant. The drink is taken for the prevention and treatment of helminthiasis and indigestion.
- Horse sorrel leaves - 20 g.
- Water - 500 ml.
How to cook: Wash the leaves of horse sorrel under running water, cover them with boiling water and cover with a lid. Infuse the drink for 15 minutes.
How to apply: Take 1 glass of drink 3 times a day before meals.
Result: Tea normalizes digestion and has an anti-parasitic effect.
Drops of horse sorrel used to treat rheumatism, disorders of the digestive system and uterine bleeding. The tool is used for rinsing the mouth with stomatitis, gingivitis and periodontitis.
- Horse sorrel leaves - 40 gr.
- Water - 200 ml.
How to cook: Wash the leaves of the plant and chop them in a blender until the consistency of gruel. Squeeze the juice, add water and put on the minimum heat. Boil the product for 5-7 minutes. Remove from heat and cool.
How to apply: Take 15–20 drops up to 3 times per day. To prepare the mouthwash, dilute 2 tablespoons of the product in a glass of warm water. Perform the procedure from 3 to 5 times a day.
Result: Drops have anti-inflammatory, disinfectant and healing effects. With regular use, it removes pain in muscles and joints.
Horse sorrel during pregnancy
Consuming horse sorrel during pregnancy is strictly contraindicated. This prohibition is associated with chrysophane and oxalic acids contained in the plant. They increase the load on the kidneys and, if used excessively, lead to the formation of stones.
In the period of childbearing a woman is allowed to use funds based on horse sorrel hair. Vegetable decoction is used as a conditioner. The tool gives the curls a healthy and well-groomed appearance, reduces hair breakage and regulates oily scalp.
Before starting treatment with horse sorrel, you should consult with a specialist. It is important to strictly observe the dosage prescribed by the doctor in order not to harm health.
Contraindications to the use of horse sorrel:
- renal failure
- kidney disease
- individual intolerance,
- gestation period.
Doctors do not recommend to use horse sorrel daily. Excessive consumption of plants and products based on it reduces the level of calcium in the body and leads to the formation of kidney stones.
Genus Sorrel (lat. Rumex) unites more than 150 species of plants. The most common ones are:
- sorrel curly
- Russian sorrel,
- horse sorrel,
- spinach sorrel,
- sorrel small,
- sorrel curly
- seaside sorrel.
Read more about horse sorrel in the video:
Rules for collection, procurement and storage
In the recipes of traditional medicine, horse sorrel is used completely, with almost no residue. In the summer, the green parts of the plant — leaves, flowers, and stems — are taken to make decoctions and infusions. They can be consumed fresh or dried. In the fall, in the end of August - the beginning of September, seeds are collected, and when the unearthly part dies, the most valuable thing is dug out from the plant - its root.
Before drying, the raw material is well washed and cut into small pieces. Fragments spoiled by mold or rot are removed. Dry sorrel can be outdoors, under the rays of the sun. You can dry the medicinal plant in an electric dryer or oven at 60 °. Store the workpiece in a glass container with the lid closed.
Possible harm and contraindications
In large quantities, horse sorrel is considered poisonous, they can be poisoned.
In small quantities oxalic acid is good for health. With long-term treatment and exceeding permissible dosages, oxalic acid accumulates in the human body. Interacting with calcium, it forms insoluble compounds that settle in the ducts of the liver, kidneys, gallbladder.
In nature, many unique plants that help people cope with various diseases. Curative properties, than horse sorrel is useful, allow to apply it inside with diseases of the stomach and intestines, relieve headaches, to strengthen the immune system, from stones and sand. The medicinal plant is used externally - to stop bleeding, gynecological and skin lesions, cuts, bruises, bruises. The plant helps with colds and allergies, relieves cough, relieves runny nose, is used to disinfect the mouth and throat. It is important not to exceed the dosage and not to use the tool for too long.
Application of horse sorrel
Horse sorrel in medicine (scientific and folk) is used as decoctions and powders. The root and rhizomes of the plant are used by folk healers as an effective laxative, astringent, antihelminthic, hemostatic, wound healing, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory agent. Leaves (fresh) are an effective wound healing, anti-scorching, boiling agent. Fruits have a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, astringent effect.
The internal use of horse sorrel in powder form has a fixative (with a small dosage) and a laxative effect (with an increase in the dose of powder). In addition, powders have a positive effect on the body with anemia, regulates the gastrointestinal tract. Such an agent is prescribed to treat the gallbladder (gall bladder). In the form of infusions and decoctions, the plant is recommended for the effective treatment of colitis, hemocolitis, enterocolitis.
Horse sorrel has a positive effect in chronic hemorrhoids, as well as anal fissures, hemorrhoids, uterine and pulmonary hemorrhages. Infusions are prescribed as anti-scorching, anti-rot and hemostatic agents. In the form of powder, the plant is recommended for anemia, and also as a means of improving the work of the gastrointestinal tract.Horse sorrel is used not only in domestic medicine, but also in foreign medicine - in China, Germany, Uzbekistan and other countries.
Sorrel based recipes
Recipe No. 1. To prepare the broth, take 1 tablespoon of chopped roots, pour 200 ml of boiling water, put on the fire and boil for 15 minutes, then insist 2 hours and strain the resulting broth. Regimen: 100 ml 3 times a day. The tool is recommended to improve the blood circulation process in the vessels of the brain.
Recipe number 2. To prepare the broth will need to take 1 tablespoon of raw materials (rhizomes with roots), pour 0.2 liters of water, put on fire for 15 minutes, then insist 10 minutes. and carefully squeeze. The regimen: 1 tablespoon to 5 times a day. This decoction is recommended for bleeding hemorrhoids, rectal fissures, colitis, enterocolitis.
Recipe number 3. To prepare the broth, you need to take 1 tablespoon of raw materials (dried sorrel fruit), pour a glass of water, put on fire for 10 minutes, then insist 1 hour and strain. Regimen: 3 times a day, 70 ml of broth. This medicine is recommended for bloody diarrhea.
Recipe number 4. To prepare the broth, you need to take 2 tablespoons of raw materials (sorrel roots), pour two cups of water (boiling water), put on a small fire for 15 minutes, then insist 4 hours and drain. Method of administration: douching (decoction is designed for one procedure). The number of douching - 12 procedures. The tool is recommended for cancer of the uterus.
Recipe number 5. To prepare the broth should take 30 grams of raw materials (chopped roots of sorrel), pour 6 cups of water, put on a small fire for 60 minutes, then insist 30 minutes and strain. Intake regimen: 0.5 cups twice a day. Decoction is recommended for liver diseases.
Sorrel is also used to prepare tasty and, most importantly, healthy salads.
Recipe number 1. You need to take 50-75 grams of sorrel, wash thoroughly with cool water, and then chop. Additional ingredients: hard-boiled egg, salt, sugar, pepper, greens. Sour cream or mayonnaise should be used for the dressing.
Recipe number 2. You need to take sorrel (100 g), fresh cucumbers and tomatoes in equal proportions (100 grams), green onions and radish (50 g), cut the products into a container. Additional ingredients: green peas (50 g), boiled or fried meat (150 g), hard-boiled egg, greens, salt. For filling you can use sour cream or mayonnaise.
Horse sorrel root
The roots and rhizomes of horse sorrel are rich in healing substances. In their composition, anthraquinone derivatives — chrysophanic acid (chrysophanol), tannins (8–12%), emodin, caffeic acid, and nepodin flavonoid — are found. Also in the rhizomes contains oxalic acid calcium (up to 9%). In the roots of horse sorrel, useful macronutrients (K, Ca, Mg, Fe) and microelements (Mn, Cu, Zn, Co, Cr, Al, Ba, V, Se, Ni, Sr, Pb, I, B) were also found.
Recipes cooking decoctions of the roots and rhizomes of horse sorrel
Recipe number 1. To prepare the broth is recommended to take 1 tablespoon of raw materials, pour a glass of water (200 grams), put on the fire for 15 minutes, then insist 2 hours and carefully squeeze out the raw materials. Intake regimen: up to 5 times a day, 1 tablespoon of broth. The tool is recommended for atherosclerosis.
Recipe No. 2. To prepare the broth, you will need 1 tablespoon of chopped roots to pour 200 ml of boiling water, put on the fire and boil for 15 minutes, then insist 2 hours, drain the resulting broth. Regimen: 100 ml 3 times a day. The decoction is recommended to improve the process of blood circulation in the vessels of the brain.
Recipe number 3. Powder made from the roots of a plant. Regimen: take 0.25 grams 3 times a day. The powder is recommended for diarrhea.
In the spring, the human body suffers from a lack of vitamins. It is during this period that it is recommended to add sorrel leaves to salads and other dishes, due to the composition of which you can easily quench the vitamin hunger. In addition, sorrel significantly improves digestion, it minimizes the development of putrefactive processes in the intestine.
Sorrel can be grown both in the garden and at home. For cultivation in normal home conditions, you should choose the following varieties: "Altai", "Maikop", "Odessa broadleaf." The plant tolerates shade easily, the ideal temperature is from 5 to 20 ° C. Sorrel loves soils rich in humus, you can use the slightly acidic soil “Begonia”. Sorrel seeds are sown in the grooves with a depth of 0.8–1 cm. It is necessary to observe the distance between rows of 6–7 cm.
Prepared grooves fertilize with humus. Sowing plants produced throughout the year, the main thing - to withstand an interval of 30 days. In the summer they sow sorrel for one and a half years of use, in the spring - for two years. It is quite simple to care for sorrel: as soon as the first shoots appear, they thin out, it is necessary to leave a distance of about 4 cm between them.
An important step in the mass planting is the preparation of the soil for sorrel, namely the removal of weeds. After harvesting the precursors of sorrel (for example, perennial grasses), the soil should be peeled to a depth of at least 6–8 cm. In case of increased contamination, the use of ammonium nitrate is required to accelerate the germination of weed seeds. After 10 days, it is recommended to re-peel to a depth of about 14 cm and sprinkle the area with organic fertilizer.
Sorrel does not like fresh manure. Watering is done regularly, it is important to ensure that the soil is constantly wet. Feeding recommended 2-3 times a month. Plant reproduction occurs with the help of seeds and rhizomes, which are specially harvested and planted in September in pots or boxes.
Sorrel to children
In its composition, sorrel contains calcium, magnesium, iron and phosphorus. In addition, sorrel is rich in vitamins B1, K, C and organic acids. It is these substances that are of particular value to humans, because they are contained in rare products. Sorrel has the same value as the rest of the greens, which is why it should not be separated into a separate group and avoid its presence in the child's diet. Children can consume sorrel from the same time as dill, parsley, salads, etc.
Sorrel is not afraid of cold weather, its seeds, with which reproduction occurs, can germinate freely at a temperature of only +3 ° C. On the 8th, maximum 14th day after sowing shoots appear. For sorrel seeds, light shading conditions are considered favorable. The seeds of the plant contain tannins.
Sorrel leaves are suitable for consumption in food. They are harvested in spring and in the first half of summer, at a time when other greenery has not yet appeared. Sorrel is rich in vitamins, it is able to compensate for the vitamin deficiency, which is formed in the human body after winter. From the leaves of sorrel prepare delicious green soup, it is used as a filling for pies, used in various vegetable and meat salads.
Sorrel leaves have a peculiar sour taste, which is given to the plant by its acids (oxalic, malic and citric). In addition, raw protein, tannins, ascorbic acid, carotene, vitamins B1, B2, PP, sodium, potassium, iron, calcium, phosphorus, manganese, copper, molybdenum, zinc, nickel, and salt salts were found in the leaves. other substances.
The most common sorrel varieties are Belleville, Krupnolistny, Shirokolistny, Maikop, Spinach, which differ in color, size, taste, and other characteristics.
Belleville variety is characterized by large, fleshy, leaves, which are characterized by a light green color. They have thick scapes. The grade brings a high crop, easily transfers cold. The taste of sorrel is slightly acidic.
For the broadleaf variety is characterized by leaves of medium size and ovate form. Color plants green. Variety gives high yield.
Large-leaved variety: the leaves are rather large, oval-egg-shaped, light green in color. This variety produces a great harvest. The taste of the plant is sour. Large leaf sorrel is not afraid of cold, resistant to frost.
Maikop variety is also distinguished by large, fleshy, wide ovoid leaves. It has a light green color with a slight yellowish tinge. The taste is medium acid.
Spinach variety also has wide, large leaves of dark green color. It ripens earlier than other varieties. In its leaves, oxalic acid is less than in other varieties, but there is more citric and malic acid. The taste of the leaves is slightly acidic.
Acid sorrel is a perennial herb up to 1 meter high. The stem of the plant is upright, ribbed, as a rule, at the base it is dark purple in color. The stem ends in a paniculate inflorescence. Plant dioecious. The sour sorrel leaves are different: basal - long-petiolate, with a pronounced vein in the center, entire, sour, stem leaves alternate, almost sessile.
The flowers are collected in cylindrical panicles, they are characterized by pink or reddish color. Seeds are small, triangular, pointed, their color is black-brown. Sour sorrel is used as a medicinal and food plant. Proteins, lipids, flavonoids, tannins, vitamins B, C, K, iron salts, carotene, and also oxalic acid are found in the composition of the leaves and the stem.
Sour sorrel is used by folk healers in order to normalize the digestive process, to increase the appetite, and also as an effective anti-quench diuretic and blood-purifying agent. Tea made from dry grass is an effective remedy for skin diseases.
Small sorrel (or passerine sorrel, sorrel) is a perennial herb, whose height is from 15 to 55 cm. It has a creeping rhizome. Stems erect, lightly branched. The leaves at the base are long-petiolate, and the stem leaves are sessile or short-petiolate, the leaves of which, as a rule, are bent to the side of the blades. This plant is dioecious. Its flowers are same-sex, green with a characteristic reddish tinge. The flowers are collected in paniculate inflorescences.
The taste of sorrel is small - sour, with an astringent effect. This species blooms from May to June. In its composition, the plant contains oxalic acid, tannins, essential oil, resin, vitamin K, so it is used as a medicinal raw material in traditional medicine. Preparations based on it are recommended for diarrhea, diseases of the joints, and urinary retention. Effective sorrel is small as a hemostatic agent, it is prescribed for heavy periods.
This species grows in the south of northern Africa, in Japan, Turkey and in the southern part of America. It is also widespread in the CIS, widely represented in Siberia, the Far East and the Caucasus.