Aubrieta: description of the plantAubrieta – It is a ground cover herbaceous flowering plant. It is low - up to 35 cm, but grows well in width. If the plant is not restrained, it will cover the entire area available for distribution with a solid carpet. The plant loves the slopes, rocks and banks of rivers. It has elongated leaves, often with a jagged edge, the color of foliage is green with a gray tint. It is characteristic of the plant not to drop foliage for the winter, the leaves tolerate even severe frosts.
The plant blooms in early April and blooms through June. Aubriets have small four-petal flowers of bright colors: all shades of blue, white, pink, even dark maroon flowers are described. Aubrieta bears fruit, the fruit of the stalk type keeps in itself seeds, which are used for plant reproduction. In one pod there are more than two thousand brown seeds. Grown obriyatu seedling method or sowing in open ground before winter. Aubriet and all its species do not differ when grown with agrotechnical features and rules of care for it, as well as the appearance, except for the color, shape of fruits and pistil.
Deltoid Obriet in cultural cultivation since 1710, the species was taken as the basis for breeding Aubriet cultural. This type of obriyeta reaches a maximum of 15 cm in height, and its popular variety Aubrieta Bougainville grows up to 20 cm. The deltoid plant has a gray-green pubescent foliage with a pair of teeth along the edge. Small flowers are collected in lush raceme-shaped inflorescences. The plant blooms in May with lilac and bright blue flowers.
Aubrieta is elegant
Aubrieta gracilis (Aubrieta gracilis) is one of the most sought-after species, bright blue flowers up to two centimeters in diameter, growing on a stem not exceeding ten centimeters. This species is good for forming a living carpet on the slopes, stone curbs. Its pale green oblong leaves are almost invisible behind densely growing flowers with a bright yellow center. Popular and beautiful variety Kittie Blue.
Aubrieta Kolumka grows up to 12 cm tall. It has a thick curving stem with long carved leaves. The stem at the top can split into two, holding two flowers. And the stem and leaves are covered with a thick soft pile. Kolumka has large flowers up to 4.5 cm in diameter, painted in pale lilac and pink tones. Popular variety Kolumki Guss.
Aubrieta Cultural is a hybrid plant, it is low - only 10 centimeters, the colors of flowers are white, pink, red and purple. The plant is used as a living carpet, covering it with unsightly places, forming a veil on stone fences. This type of obriyeta has several interesting varieties. Aubrieta Charming Morocco blooms from late spring, about a month. Shades of flowers - from pale blue to bright red. Flowers up to one and a half centimeters in diameter, bloom densely, covering a gray-green foliage.
Cote d'Azur - The flowers of this obriyeta perennial sky color, decorate the garden for two months. Differ in repeated flowering in early autumn, the flowers are kept until the first frost. Dr. Mules is a very interesting variety for landscape design. Dark-violet flowers are somewhat reminiscent of forest violets, and the leaves are pale green, large with a white border around the edge of the leaf plate. Joy is a distinctive feature of the variety in the fact that blue and violet-lilac flowers, with terry petals, shimmer on one planting.
Aubrieta giant waterfall - frost-resistant perennial, grows no more than 15 cm. Flowers are 1 cm in diameter, painted with all shades of pink, purple and red. The variety Argenteo variegata is popular because of the decorative foliage and purple petals. The leaves are light green with a pronounced white edging, sometimes with white spots.
Red Keskade - a bright and eye-catching variety, the color of the petals is bright scarlet, flexible stems are well placed on stony slopes or borders, the plant creeps nicely along the plane. Cascade Aubrieta has different flowering periods - from mid-spring to early summer. The plant is spreading thick carpet, the most decorative in it - evergreen, dense and large in comparison with other varieties of leaves. Flowers single, medium-sized, blue and red tones, with a yellow center. Aubrieto cascade is cut off after the plant has flown to stimulate the growth of hardwood. Plant height - up to 15 cm.
Using obriety in landscape designAubrieta is multi-faceted to use. This plant feels good on the open field and on the balcony or loggia. Aubrieta looks great in hanging pots, on slopes and rocky areas. It falls beautifully with hedges and stone fences. She covered the lawns, planted in rock gardens. The plant adorns the crevasses in the stones, expanding and filling bare patches of soil. Blue flowers obriyeta perfectly combined with yellow alissums and white iberis. The plant is composed with styloid phlox and Douglas phlox, with soapwort, spurge and rezuhoy, looks great in combination with bells and as a flooring around evergreen ornamental shrubs.
Aubrieta is not difficult to grow, but requires constant care. However, the results exceed all expectations, just look at the blooming shaver in the flowerbed (photo below) in order to burn with the desire to decorate your plot with these elegant flowers.
Varieties and types
Aubrieta deltoid it is a perennial herb that grows up to 15 cm, has a triangular foliage, bluish or purple flowers that form inflorescences. Blossoms in May.
Aubrieta Campbell view with quite large, for a kind of, dark-lilac flowers. It blooms about a month, starting in May.
Aubriet Cultural or hybrid This is the name for a group of varieties, a common feature of which is a height of about 20 cm and wintering under the snow. They have long foliage, lilac or dark lilac color. Newer varieties have got terry flowers. Derived ampel varieties.
Of these, the most popular:
- Aubrieta cascade - perennial with flowers of blue, violet or red shades, in the middle of the color a small yellow dot. Foliage lasts throughout the year.
- Aubriet Charming Morocco - magnificently expanding bush with relatively large flowers. The color of the flowers is mostly red or bluish.
- Aubrieta Cote d'Azur - This species has flowers of pale blue color, which appear twice a year - in summer and autumn.
Aubrieta Red Carpet delicate variety with pink flowers with a yellow center. It blooms in late spring and early summer.
Aubrieta Manon creeping variety with velvety flowers pale pink color.
Aubrieta Blue Shades this variety is also low, like other representatives, with a rich planting it covers the soil with a purple carpet of flowers.
Aubrieta landing and care
Planting Obriya in open soil can begin when the threat of night frost leaves. Choosing a place to plant you need to be careful, because otherwise you can not achieve strong flowering. The place where the bushes will grow should be well lit, otherwise the flowering will be insufficient.
In terms of soil, this flower is not picky and will feel great on poor soils, one can even say that the poorer the soil, the better, it is possible for it to be rocky. In the case of acidity, then obriet requires slightly alkaline soils - the main thing is that they are permeable or have drainage.
It is possible to plant a flower as you see fit to achieve the intended effect. The depth of the pits depends on the depth of the root, the width is 2 times larger than the pot in which the seedling has grown. Keep at least 5 cm between individuals.
If your seedlings have developed in plastic or ceramic containers, then before planting it will be necessary to lower its water until bubbles appear at the top of the soil - only after that start pulling out the seedling together with the ground and plant it in the hole. Having planted bushes, compact the soil a little and cover it with mulch from sand, and also pour it.
Caring for obrietya is not at all difficult for watering for her only in case of long heat. If the plant develops in conditions of excess moisture, it can build up a lot of greenery and bloom a little.
But, nevertheless, young individuals need to be watered more often. It is still better if the bushes will have enough water from the rain.
Fertilizers for obriyeta
In the spring, even before the appearance of flowers, and in the fall, Obriet should be fertilized with mineral fertilizer for perennials.
During the period of growing green mass, it will be necessary to cover the soil a couple of times with mulch of sand, about 4 cm thick.
After the first flowering, obriety bushes should be cut almost completely. This will allow new fresh greens to appear. After flowering, you can collect seeds for further sowing. But remember that with this type of reproduction the varietal characteristics of plants are lost.
To collect the seeds, wait until the fruit-pod becomes dark and can be separated. Seeds are stored indoors until winter, and then sown.
Aubrieta usually blooms several times a year, and after all blooms after the first pruning, the stems are not recommended, as they will protect the plant from cold weather in winter.
Aubrieta seed growing
Aubrieto is easily propagated by seed. You can either use the seedlings or not, but if you sow the seeds simply in the soil, then, most likely, their varietal characteristics will mix. Because of this, it is better to use seedlings.
Around the beginning of March, you can sow the seeds, for this it is better to use peat pots. A couple of seeds are placed on moist soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of sand, not more than 5 mm, and then moistened with it. Sown should be placed under glass and kept at about 20 ° C.
Seedlings need to air every day and slightly moisten the soil, while it is important not to overdo it, a little pryska from a spray gun. Approximately in 20-30 days shoots will appear, after which the glass is removed. Watering sprouted seedlings also need to be careful so as not to overwet.
This flower is bad for a transplant, and therefore it is better not to dive the seedlings, and immediately sow the seeds in separate pots. With the arrival of heat, everything is done according to the described scheme in the landing section.
If you sow seeds in open soil, then try not to mix different varieties. The soil must first be watered well, digged up and fertilized with complex top dressing and ashes. Sow very thickly undesirable. Cover the seeds with soil is not necessary, just sprinkle them with a 5 mm ball of sand.
Spring sowing will occur after 2-3 weeks, and autumn next spring.
Reproduction Aubrieta cuttings
After cutting you can use cuttings. Parts of the shoots are planted in a greenhouse in a mixture of peat and sand in the same proportions.
By the end of the summer, the material should have roots and can be transplanted. If the winters in your area are too cold, then it is better to wait with the landing until spring, and then growing the cuttings in the greenhouse.
Diseases and pests
It is worth noting that Obriet is almost never affected by diseases and pests.
There are cases powdery mildewwhich is manifested by white bloom on foliage. To cope with it you need to process the bushes with colloidal sulfur.
Among the pests can note aphidthat feeds on the juice and the plants start to dry. To combat it resorted to karbofos, soapy water, infusion of garlic.
Otherwise, problems with obrieta in this regard are very rare.
The soil under the edge is covered with a 3-5 cm layer of seeded sand. Such mulching is carried out 2-3 times in spring and summer.
Water the plant should be moderately and only in dry hot weather, since an excess of moisture leads to poor flowering and rotting of the root system. At the same time, the lack of water also adversely affects the flowering plants and its growth. Regular (2 times a week) moderate watering is necessary for young, developing plants. Then the flowers are watered no more than 1 time per week.
After each watering a mandatory procedure is the removal of weeds.
After the spring flowering, the above-ground part of the obriety is cut almost to the root. This procedure contributes to the formation of new shoots, which will continue to bloom in the fall. To preserve the decorative qualities of the plant cut off faded flowers. Flowering in the autumn period is not as abundant as in spring, but at the same time it pleases with a more saturated leaf color.
In spring and autumn, plants are fertilized with mineral supplements. At the beginning of growth, obrieta need to apply nitrogen fertilizer, then it is necessary to switch to phosphate fertilizers, at the beginning of flowering plants need potassium.
The first feeding is carried out in the spring, before the formation of flowers. It is necessary to feed flowers on fertile soils every 20 days. If the soil is infertile, fertilizing is carried out every 2 weeks. Once every 2 weeks fertilized flowers growing on alpine hills, rockeries and cascading varieties.
The flower winters open or under cover. In the frosty winter with little snow, Obriet is covered with straw or with dry leaves and needles. In the spring, after the snow melted, the shelter from the plants is removed.