General information

Do-it-yourself snow plow: a worthy alternative to factory models

With the arrival of winter, many owners of private households and villas have a need to clear snow from yards and household plots. Usually, all this is done with a snow shovel. But it is much faster and more economical, from the point of view of labor costs, to do this with a manual snow blower. Having rummaged in the garage and having found there a small set of spare parts, it is possible to make the self-made snow blower the hands.

Varieties of snow blowers

Snow blowers can be divided into two types - electric and gasoline.

As you might guess, an electric manual snow blower do it yourself on the basis of an electric motor. They have little power and are used mainly for snow removal in small areas. Such devices, as a rule, can be removed freshly fallen snow.

By virtue of its small capacity, it is better not to clean ice or tamped snow with such devices. Also, they are not able to process large amounts of snow. But such devices are small in size, which greatly simplifies their storage. They are easier and more convenient to manage than their gasoline counterparts, but, unlike them, they can not boast of autonomy of work.

Features of gasoline models

Petrol snow blowers, by contrast, are more powerful and autonomous work. They are designed for large volumes of work and large areas. Due to its size and large bucket size, such a snowcatcher can remove a much larger amount of snow in a single pass. Yes, and snow is emitted at a fairly long distance. Also, this type of apparatus can be called self-propelled, as they move without user assistance. Such a unit is able to remove the snow of great thickness and density. This technique does not require much physical effort from the operator when working.

Usually petrol snow blowers are used in large areas with a large snow cover. Such a device is usually provided with a large number of options. and can work with a large number of attachments. All these options and additional equipment greatly simplify the work with equipment. But there are such snow blowers much more electric.

Self-propelled and non-propelled

Self-propelled snow blowers are used to clear small areas covered with a thin layer of snow. To get started, you need to put a little effort, pushing the technique, and then it will move by inertia itself. They are quite small in size and have a small weight. It is convenient to use such snow plows in small areas with narrow passages, for example, for clearing pavements or narrow paths. This technique works very delicately. due to the installed rubberized auger. They are quiet and inexpensive.

As the name implies, self-propelled snow blower is able to move with little effort from the user. It has a gasoline engine and wheels or tracks. The main disadvantage of such equipment is its rather high price.

The most popular homemade snow blowers - rotary and auger. According to the principle of operation of screw aggregates are one-and two-stage.

The work of the single stage reminds the mechanism of the work of the mechanical meat grinder. Due to the rotation of the auger, snow is taken in and out. A smooth auger is used to clean fresh soft snow. If the snow is dense and packed, take a toothed auger.

In two-stage apparatus, in addition to the auger, the rotor is installed. The rotor blades protrude slightly forward, which helps the auger in the snow fence. The rotor blades are mainly made of metal. But there are blades and from dense plastic. Also, the rotor can be made in the form of a brush like the one that connects to the tractor for clearing the streets.

In homemade snow blowers usually use a single-stage scheme, as it is more simple to manufacture.

The heart of each snow thrower is the engine. It can be electric or gasoline. An electric motor will need an extension cord. The radius of the snow blower will be determined by the length of the cord. When working near the house and if there is an available electrical outlet, it is better to use an electric motor. The only problem is that he is afraid of moisture. For large areas away from electricity, it is better to use a gasoline engine, since it is autonomous. The easiest and most popular option with a gasoline engine is to make a snow plow based on a motor cultivator.

Making auger assembly

The width of the snow plow will be 50 cm. Such a width will be convenient for clearing pavements or tracks from snow. Snegomet such a device will work for 10−12 meters. Before starting work, you need to make a drawing of a future home-made product or download it from the Internet.

The main working node of the machine is the auger. The auger is a shaft on which a spiral-shaped blade is welded. Such auger can be compared with a grinder auger. That the screw rotated, it fastens to a frame on bearings. The motoblock is attached to the frame and its torque is transmitted to the auger. Usually for the manufacture of the screw used steel sheets, which are bent according to the shape of the screw and welded to the shaft.

Production of the screw can be divided into several stages:

  • From a sheet of steel you need to cut 4 discs
  • then the resulting discs should be cut in half and bend all the discs into a spiral shape,
  • after these blanks are welded to the shaft at both ends of 4 pieces,
  • for rotation of the shaft at both ends of the bearings are pressed.

To install the screw shaft in the snow receiver box, glasses are welded into which the bearings are fixed. Bearings fit any, the only condition: that they sit tight in the glasses and do not hang out there.

Then you can begin to manufacture the frame of the apparatus. Make a frame of steel corners. The corners are welded together and the rails for mounting the engine are attached to the cross member. Depending on where it is planned to operate the snow plow, wheels or skids are mounted on the frame. If on a flat surface with dense snow, the wheels are better. If the snow is deep and loose, and the surface is uneven, then it is better to install runners.

On a frame fasten elements of machine controls. The platform is set for the motor.

Materials for the manufacture of units of the apparatus:

  • the control knobs are made of steel half-inch plumbing pipe,
  • snow receiver box is made of sheet metal. The sides of the box can be made of thick plywood,
  • the width of the box is chosen by the owner individually, according to his personal preferences. In most cases, the box is made 50 cm wide,
  • we make a snowplow chute from a plastic pipe for sewage with a diameter of 160 mm,
  • for a drive shaft, use a three-quarter-inch steel pipe.

To increase the life of your homemade snow blower, you must follow a number of simple rules. In order to avoid damage to the motor due to stones and ice getting into it, it is advisable to add restrictive bolts and bushings to the unit's structure. If they are not used, the engine is likely to jam. Bearings should be selected closed to reduce the ingestion of foreign objects and moisture. The drive is more rational to use the belt, using a gearbox and pulleys. Direct drive is bad because it is more likely to jam when stones and ice hit.

On the Internet you can find a huge number of diagrams, drawings, manuals and tips for making snow removal equipment for the house with your own hands. Adhering to these recommendations and having basic knowledge and skills in mechanics, you can assemble your own unit, thereby significantly saving on its purchase. If it is sufficient to carefully assemble and paint your homemade device well, it will differ little from the factory copy. And painting also protects it from corrosion.

Types of snow removal equipment for the house do it yourself

Snowplows are designed for mechanical removal of snow on the desired area. Their functions include the collection of snow mass and throwing it to the place of collection. The engine that drives the car can be electric or gasoline. And the snow-removal equipment itself is subdivided into self-propelled (with a caterpillar or wheel drive), manually operated, single-stage and two-stage.

For self-assembly of such garden equipment, you can use the engine from a chainsaw, electric motor or motoblock, as well as various materials at hand, which everyone probably has on the farm. Before you make a snow blower with your own hands, you should familiarize yourself with the varieties of such equipment and choose an acceptable option for yourself.

The choice of the snow blower design depends on many factors, one of which is the area of ​​the site to be processed

Electric blowers are able to clean small areas near the house, for example, a porch or narrow lanes. For the release from the snow cover of the territory of impressive volumes such an aggregate will not work. In addition, his work is not very effective if there is ice or significant drifts. On the other hand, this technique is quite compact, easy to manage and easy to store.

With the removal of a large amount of snow from vast territories, self-propelled snowplows with a gasoline engine do an excellent job. Moving on their own, these devices have excellent maneuverability and a large emission range. The technique is quite large in size, however, when working, it absolutely does not need to apply physical effort.

Before you make a manual snow blower with your own hands, you need to keep in mind that non-self-propelled models are designed for cleaning small areas of freshly fallen snow up to 25-30 cm thick. They are mainly used for daily cleaning of sidewalks, garden paths and flat roofs. Such devices are quite maneuverable, however, when removing a dense layer, it will be difficult to control the equipment, since it will be necessary to push not only the vehicle, but also the thickness of the snow in front of it.

Hand-made snowplow with chainsaw engine

Helpful advice! When assembling a non-self-propelled snow plow for the house with your own hands, you should use the lighter parts possible, since the equipment will work due to the efforts of the person.

How to make a snow blower with your own hands

Making a homemade snow plow for the house with your own hands is a great opportunity not to spend money on purchasing expensive models from leading manufacturers and at the same time to avoid time-consuming snow removal from the site with a shovel. In addition, home-made technology will be the pride of any owner of a country house or cottage.

Assembling a homemade snow plow will be easy if you have an idea about the principle of operation of such equipment and its device. To clear the snow from the surface of the tracks and the yard of your own home, it will be enough to assemble auger or rotor model. These are uncomplicated machines and can be manufactured by everyone. Making a combined homemade snowthrower with your own hands is somewhat more difficult, but if you like, you can cope with this.

Snowblowers can be either self-propelled - on a wheeled or caterpillar track, or not self-propelled, for which movement requires operator effort

Before you make a snowblower with your own hands, you need to decide on the type of engine. Equipping the technique with an internal combustion engine, it should be noted that this will be a powerful enough unit that can function on any surface of your site. However, components and fuel for it are quite expensive. In addition, the disadvantages include the complex technical content of such equipment.

As for the snow plow with their own hands with an electric motor, in this case, you can use any motor from a relatively powerful electrical equipment. Suitable engine trimmer or electric saws. The advantages of such technology include the availability of electricity, the disadvantages - a small radius of action. To cover the whole territory, you will need an extension cord or street wiring with several sockets.

Helpful advice! When assembling an electric snow blower with your own hands, please note that the electric motor requires good waterproofing, as it is afraid of moisture.

In the network you can find a large number of videos of homemade snow blowers, viewing of which will help to visually get acquainted with the technology of manufacturing snow blowers of various types.

The device of the rotor snowplow

Making a snow blower do it yourself from a chainsaw

The main advantages of a homemade chainsaw snow blower are:

  • low cost of components (in addition, you can buy a used chainsaw at a low price),
  • high performance of the unit
  • the ability to make the basic units of the available materials at hand.

The disadvantage is the impossibility of providing the apparatus with self-propelled movement.

When making their own hands a snow blower from a chainsaw, its motor is used as a driving force. In order to adapt the engine from such equipment for a snowplow, it is necessary to disconnect it from the frame and slightly modernize it. The power of the motor will affect the main indicators of the snowthrower: the quality of clearance, the emission range and other parameters.

In addition to the engine, the structure of the snowplow includes:

  • auger body (bucket) - it can be made of roofing sheet metal,
  • auger shaft - fit a pipe with a diameter of 20 mm (¾ inch),
  • screw surface screw - made of sheet iron, some use a conveyor belt,

The design on the basis of the engine of the chainsaw is a budget version of a homemade snowthrower

  • side parts - for their manufacture using plywood 10 mm or sheet steel,
  • supporting structure (frame) - it is welded from a shaped tube (angle of 50 x 50 mm),
  • the handle is made of a pipe with a diameter of 15 mm (½ inch),
  • snow shovel in the exhaust chute - metal plate 120 x 270 mm.

In the work, you can use the drawings of a snow blower from a chainsaw with your own hands, posted by users on the Internet.

The formation of the screw for the snowthrower do it yourself: video production in stages

The main working element of the snowblower is the auger. It is a cutting blade ring attached to the drive shaft. A pipe with a length of about 80 cm is used as a shaft. A through hole must be cut in the center of the pipe, into which a blade for feeding the snow will subsequently be inserted. When the shaft (pipe) is rotated, the blade will throw away the snow.

Before you make a screw for the snowthrower with your own hands, you need to develop a scheme or use ready-made drawings, according to which rings will be cut. Blades of the screw are made of sheet steel. For this, 4 discs are cut out of the metal, cut and pulled out in the form of a coil. After that, the finished parts of the helix are welded to the pipe: equally on each side.

Worm mechanism for a snow blower: 1, 11 - halves of the end bearing housing (steel, sheet s2, 4 pcs.), 2 - end axis (steel, bar d30, 2 pcs.), 3 - auger shaft (steel, pipe 42x6.5 , 2 pcs.), 4,13 - MB studs (steel, bar d6, 36 pcs.), 5, 17 - screws (steel, sheet s2), 6 - central axis (steel, bar d40), 7, 16 - central bearing housings, 8 is an asterisk (z = 36, t = 19.05), 9 is a nut M36x3, 10 is a bearing 160205 (4 pcs.), 12 is a bolt M8 (6 pcs.), 14, 15 are bearings 236205

Further, having determined the center of the shaft, two blades are welded parallel to each other, which will eject the snow. Metal struts are welded along the edges of the pipe to fix the screw design. Spiral blades on one side are attached to the struts, on the other - to the central blades.

Helpful advice! When making a screw for a snowplow from a chainsaw with your own hands, it is very important that the turns of the metal spiral are located at the same distance from the center and towards it. Otherwise, the technique will vibrate violently.

In the manufacture of the auger body, its length is left equal to the length of the shaft, taking into account the segment for the drive. Axles are welded to the edges of the shaft, with the help of which it is mounted on bearings. They are used in a closed version to avoid the ingress of snow and water. You can get a visual idea about the manufacture of the auger if you watch a video of a homemade snow blower: it will be much easier to assemble a snow plow with your own hands.

Снегоочиститель с бензиновым двигателем

Машинки для уборки снега чаще всего создают со шнековым или же с комбинированным механизмом. Начальный этап работы намного легче. Для комбинированного типа сборщика снега нужно собрать такой ротор, который используется в электрических моделях. In this case, the only difference is that the blades are not welded to the rotor case. It is connected to the rear of the auger snow blower.

The engine can be used in this case any air-cooled. It can be both push-pull and four-stroke. The frame of the non-self-propelled device must be placed on the skis. It will be much easier for the user to use the machine for assembling snow on thick cover. If the power indicator allows you to create a self-propelled machine, then you need to attach special wheels to the frame, and then combine them through the drive with the engine's PTO.

Hitch on the motor unit

The easiest in the creation of the snow collector is the linkage on the walk-behind tractor. If there is a traction unit in the yard, then why make another car with a drive in the structure. For this As a sample, you need to create a special screw mechanism with special blades for throwing snow. The case of the snow receiver is placed on the frame, and the skis are mounted on the bottom. On the back of the frame, special fasteners are installed, with the help of which there will be a coupling with the walking tractor and nozzles.

The drive is carried out using a belt drive. The speed of rotation of the screw can be set independently by selecting pulleys of different diameters. If this does not work, then a special intermediate gearbox can be created between the auger nozzle and the motor block. It will reduce the speed to the desired frequency.

The self-made snow blower will hardly differ from its factory-made counterparts in terms of its performance, while the user will be much cheaper than the purchased model. The rotary screw assembly is much more difficult to build, but it has a high performance indicator. Such a device should be used to residents of regions where there is a large amount of precipitation.