Such indoor flower, as tradescantia, is distinguished by its lightning speed of reproduction. If a piece of a branch breaks off, then literally in 3 days small roots of white color will appear, and the cutting will become completely viable. It is also worth noting that it is possible to grow a flower not only in nutrient soil, but even in a vase. To do this, put a few cuttings in the water. After a while you get an evergreen indoor bouquet.
Indoor flower belongs to the family kommelinovyh. Its homeland is North and South America. It is considered a perennial evergreen herb. Many species of this plant are quite popular, which can be grown indoors.
Speaking of home care for Tradescantia, it should be noted that the flower is distinguished by its simplicity, abundant growth, persistence in indoor growing conditions. In those places where other indoor plants develop poorly, for example, in the corners, he will feel quite comfortable. Currently, science knows about 500 species, among which can be found both perennial and annual flowers with small and large leaves, unattractive flowers.
Let's take a closer look at how to care for Tradescantia at home, consider the main types of Tradescantia, plant reproduction, and also see photos of this flower.
Description of the Tradescantia
Flower tradescantia reproduction planting and care at home photo
The genus Tradescantia (Tradescantia) consists of about 60 species of perennial herbaceous plants, originating from humid tropics and subtropical forests. Some of them grow in arid areas. The main decoration is considered amazing leaves, growing on long stalks with multiple branches. Their color ranges from light green to blueberry and depends on lighting and temperature. Some varieties have original stripes on the leaves. In our climate, they are grown both in the house and in flower beds.
Due to the peculiarity of branches for lodging, it is used as an ampel culture. At first, young stems grow straight up, but soon they wilt, unable to bear their own gravity. Therefore, they look more respectable in wall pots, on the upper shelves of furniture. Under natural conditions, kommelinovye grow on the ground, with the help of sprawling, rooting branches, seize uninhabited places.
Kommelinovye known for hanging stems with alternate leaves, which completely embrace the trunk at the junction. To get outside the side shoots often have to tear cover leaf. Streaks on the leaves diverge in parallel lines. But the main distinguishing features associated with the flower. Three petals of white, pink, lilac or purple hue are enclosed in greenish, loose sepals and live for only a couple of days.
Flowering is unattractive, so it is recommended to cut off the buds. They are also characterized by continuous growth, which depends on food, watering and temperature. The internal rhythm of the Tradescantia does not exist.
On the hanging branches there are barely noticeable rudiments of the roots, which, in contact with a moist soil substrate, immediately increase in size and cling to the ground, which is successfully used for breeding.
Growing tradescantia from cuttings
Growing tradescantia from cuttings photo
Even the most inexperienced color lover will be able to propagate the Tradescantia.
- Cuttings 10 cm in length are taken from adult specimens.
- Remove leaflets on the lower internodes.
- Immediately, several pieces are put in a pot and watered abundantly.
- To speed up the process, you can cover the pot with cuttings. When new buds appear, the jar is removed.
- Cuttings can be rooted in water, with further planting in the ground.
Tradescantia cuttings rooted in a few days
Tradescantia is possible to root even a very small segment of the stem with a pair of leaves. It is buried in the lower part of the soil mixture - roots and shoots grow from the internode at the same time. If you cover the stalk with a transparent jar, the plant will quickly release new shoots.
Tradescantia's cuttings take root well in water and in a week they can be planted in the ground.
One of the British florist placed the sprout in a glass bottle and closed it with a cork. Only once he watered the plant. And this flower in a vessel without land has been growing for over 50 years, forming a closed ecosystem. Amazing right
For garden forms, it is important to divide the bush and seed reproduction. Some species give self-seeding. When transplanting the roots a little pruned and dismembered bush into parts. The plant quickly recovers and blooms.
Tradescantia care and landing photo
Landing Tradescantia is simple - you need to prepare a nutrient soil. The nutrient mixture for orchids is best suited: the substrate is quite loose, has good drainage properties, contains all the substances necessary for the plant.
To plant the tradescantia:
- Fill the pot with substrate
- We make a recess for the cutting with the root system and place it there, sprinkle it with earth.
- If the cutting is without a root, simply press it into the ground to a depth of 3-4 cm.
- We water.
Landing Tradescantia is over! It remains to water and enjoy the rapid growth of the flower.
Tradescantia pests and diseases
Tradescantia is resistant to pest attack and has little disease. Nevertheless, it is necessary to carry out the necessary measures, having noticed negative changes. The red tick sometimes settles on the back side of young leaves. To avoid the appearance of pests, you can periodically water the land in pots with a solution of tar soap.
When a large number of insects are detected, the plant together with the pot is placed in a plastic bag and the flower, pots and soil are carefully treated with insecticide. The package is to tie a knot and leave the plant in it for 5 days. After this processing is repeated. Triple treatment completely eliminates pests. The place where the pot was located should also be wiped with a cloth moistened with an insecticide solution to avoid reinfection.
Most varieties are loyal to the conditions - lack of light, nutrients, irrigation, air humidity, attention from the owner, they suffer, although the appearance suffers.
Kommelinovye can be kept in hydroponic culture - their roots are sufficiently resistant to the absence of air. To maintain the Tradescantia with this content should be provided with nutrients, dissolving them in water. This solution is poured into the dishes, where they are located.
Tradescantia shaggy Tradescantia villosa
Tradescantia furry Tradescantia villosa photo
This Tradescantia is easily identified by leaves covered with silvery pubescence. It is not quite ordinary: it is not only very beautiful, but also a resistant plant, calmly tolerating drought. There are examples when the Tradescantia is a shaggy vein without water for several weeks. With a lack of moisture leaves turn purple, lose their elasticity - as if the plant freezes. But as soon as some water gets to the roots, it will come to life and bloom with amazing purple flowers. This flower feels good where other flowers can not withstand the heat and sun - on the window sills of the southern windows and even near the central heating radiators. In the summer you can put it on the balcony.
Tradescantia white flowers Tradescantia albiflora
Tradescantia white flowers Tradescantia albiflora photo landing and care
The stem of the plant is grassy, strongly branching. Malachite leaves are sometimes slightly pubescent, and the flowers are white. In order for the bush to be more picturesque, flowering shoots should be pinched, since the flowering is inconspicuous and depletes the plant. The most common form with leaves, mottled with irregular white stripes on a light emerald background. The shape of Laekensis differs from the previous one in pink stripes, while in Tricolor both stripes are white and pink.
Tradescantia Blossfeld's Tradescantia blossfeldiana
Tradescantia Blossfeld's Tradescantia blossfeldiana photo
This form has a wide few bands of yellow and green. With a lack of lighting, inept cutting or pruning, the beautiful stripes on the leaves can disappear irretrievably.
Tradescantia scaphoid Navicularis Tradescantia navicularis
Tradescantia scaphoid Navicularis Tradescantia navicularis photo
A wonderful plant that forms clumps among thickets of cacti on clay soil. It can rightfully be considered a succulent - a supply of moisture is contained in all parts.
Tradescantia sillamontana Tradescantia sillamontana
Tradescantia Sillamontana Tradescantia sillamontana photo
It is literally shrouded in thick white felt - it is problematic to determine the true colors of its sheet plates. Its stems grow vertically, and the leaves are arranged in a spiral. Bright pink flowers are especially effective against the background of whitish leaves.
Tradescantia virginian Tradescantia virginiana
Tradescantia virginian Tradescantia virginiana photo
Successfully grown on the plots as a perennial plant. He has erect stems with ribbon-like leaves. Blooms with numerous pink, blue flowers, gathered umbrellas. The fruit is a box with drop-down doors.
Andeson's Tradescantia Tradescantia andersoniana
Andeson's Tradescantia Tradescantia andersoniana photo
Abundantly blooming perennial for flower beds with a straight stem 35-75 cm high. Has many varieties.
Garden types of Tradescantia without problems divorced by cuttings, seeds, division of the bush. This operation is carried out at the beginning of the season, slightly cutting the roots, after which the flowers are quickly restored. Propagating by seed, you can get copies of completely different from the parent individuals.
This inconspicuous flower has a number of positive qualities.
- The plant is able to clean the environment from negative emissions: tobacco smoke, toxins, which emit building materials and furniture.
- Neutralizes the electromagnetic field, which emit home appliances.
- It is actively used in folk medicine - heals wounds, stops bleeding, relieves inflammation, improves the condition of diabetics.
- Scientists have discovered in the juice of the tradescantia variety Zebrin substance, similar in quality to insulin.
- Phytoncides commelinous destroy viruses and microbes present in the room.
- Tradescantia humidifies the air, improving the microclimate.
- Pets, especially cats love to eat juicy leaves. Aquarian small fishes, birds with pleasure eat the crushed leaflets.
- It is believed that Tradescantia clears the energy field of the house, removes damage, the evil eye, improves the relationships of others. Great for all signs of the zodiac.
Tradescantia was one of the first representatives of the flora in space, traveling by satellite. This beautiful and useful plant gives a lot of positive emotions to its owners.
Types of Tradescantia
- white-flowered - has a pointed leaf shape and, accordingly, white flowers.
- river - on one side it has bright green leaves, on the other - red.
- variegated - it has very small leaves, have white or pink blotches.
- scaphoid - its leaves have a soft edge around the edge of the leaf.
- Logges - ampelnoe plant with large leaves with a longitudinal silver stripe. Her leaves can reach 20 cm in length.
Location and lighting
Tradescantia unpretentious in care, feels great at any room temperature. Most of all he prefers sunny places, the leaves on such a place become whiter than a saturated color. With a lack of sunlight, the leaves of Tradescantia may become pale, and under the conditions of the variegated Tradescantia, the stripes may disappear and the leaves will become one green. But you also need to avoid direct sunlight, it can burn delicate leaves. Better a little pritenyat habitat of Tradescantia. The tradescantia belotsvetkovaya best tolerates heat and sunlight.
Humidity and watering
Tradescantia is considered a marsh plant, therefore it is not indifferent to frequent watering. In the summer, it is necessary to water this plant as often as possible, not allowing the land to dry out; in winter, it should be watered once every four days. Subject to the proper irrigation regime, Tradescantia will thank for abundant flowering.
The optimum value of humidity is 60%. To prevent rotting of the roots, the soil in the planting tank is periodically loosened. Together with irrigation, fertilizing twice a month with fertilizers for indoor plants. To do this, use soft, distilled water at room temperature.
Transplantation and reproduction of tradescantia
The plant after wintering needs a transplant. During the winter, the tradescantia can dry the stems, change the color, the plant can lose its attractive appearance. All this suggests that the plant must be transplanted.
Green tops should be carefully cut and put in a glass of water. Once the roots appear on the cuttings, they can be planted in the ground, where they will take root and begin to grow rapidly. Land for planting can be purchased ready, in any flower shop. But you can prepare the land yourself: two parts of the earth and one part of sand and peat. You can also add to this mixture humus fertilizer. In such a soil, the tradescantia will develop very quickly.
Fertilizers for Tradescantia
Tradescantia must be fed once every two weeks. For this fit any complex fertilizer sold in regular flower shops. Also, with each irrigation water can be added to a tablespoon of liquid fertilizer.
Observing the simple rules of care for Tradescantia, you can not only admire a beautiful plant, but also use its healing properties. A scientifically proven set of pharmacological qualities of a beloved plant may, at the time of arrival, help the host in the common cold, quinsy and other diseases.
The correct conditions of the content of tradescantia will ensure its full development and abundant flowering. With all its views, Tradescantia will delight you, giving a positive charge of energy and a great mood.