Sussex is a meat-and-egg breed, was obtained in the United Kingdom in Sussex County by crossing local hens and Cochin white, Cornish, Dorking, Orpington, Brahma light breeds.
There are many varieties of the Sussex breed: red, yellow-brown, calico.
Light Sussex is most common in our country. The color of its “Columbian” plumage, that is, a black necklace stands out against the white feathers of the body and the tips of the steering and flight feathers are black in color. The males have a well-developed mane, on which are also observed light feathers with black edging.
Chickens breed Sussex they are distinguished by a small rounded broad head, small sizes with a red leaf-like crest, light beak with a dark base. The ear lobes of birds are red, the eyes are reddish.
The neck of the hens is thick and short, the chest is different in width and depth, the square body with small wings is deep and wide. Sussexes have a straight and wide back.
The tail of the hens of the breed Sussex small and short. Legs are not plumed, thick, of medium length. Representatives of the Sussek breed are four-fingered, their tarsus is pink-white.
The weight of adult chickens is 2.7 kg, the weight of roosters is 3.5 kg.
Housing, care and breeding chickens Sussex breed
Chickens breed Sussex In the first year, about 180 eggs are brought, the next year, productivity drops by 20-30 eggs, the same trend is observed in hybrids. Sussex eggs weigh 58 g and are covered with a yellow-brown shell.
Females are distinguished by a well-kept brooding instinct, which makes it easy for the breeder to breed chickens. Nestlings grow quickly and rarely get sick. Down in purebred young of a light yellow color.
Light chickens breed Sussex are carriers of the silver-linked gene, when crossed with golden-bearing gene-carrying hens, progeny with pronounced sexual dimorphism is obtained at the age of one day.
On the basis of the Sussex breed, many crosses of meat productivity were obtained.
Breeding chickens sussex breed individual farms are engaged in Russia, and it is also kept in collection herds. The meat of the representatives of this breed is characterized by a high content of protein, vitamins and minerals.
For individual breeders, as a rule, keeping chickens from the Sussex breed is interesting in terms of producing hybrid chickens.
Chickens breed Sussex differ in vitality and good immunity, which greatly facilitates their care.
Feeding Chickens Sussex
When feeding Sussex chickens It is necessary to take into account the peculiarity of the hens: the fatter they are, the fewer eggs they give. Therefore, bird feeding should be monitored.
Usually, chickens are first fed grain and grated eggs. Then you can add chopped greens, wheat bran, bones, potatoes, beets, carrots, yeast to the diet. Corn is introduced from two months.
Compulsory components of the diet of adults should be cereals, roots (carrots, beets), fish and clover flour, chopped greens, vegetables (potatoes), dairy products (cottage cheese), yeast, eggshell, which prevents stagnation of food, as well as a source of calcium.
It is very important for all breeds of chickens that the mixed feed be optimally balanced. Layers are given food enriched with vitamins and easily digestible protein.
You can germinate for them grain. In the diet must be corn to prevent obesity.
The best solution for Sussex is to feed them with ready-made feed for farm birds: it contains all the trace elements they need.
History of origin
In England there is Sussex county, from where the bird got its name. The chicken is so ancient that it was found in the 43rd year of our era in the Roman Empire. It is known that the bird was formed as a result of the crossing of white Kokhinhin, Dorking, light-colored pomfret, Orpington, Cornish and local chickens. Initially, they were used only for local breeding, but in the selection process they managed to increase egg productivity, as a result of which the bird became a universal destination. In 1961, the first Sussex hens were introduced in Russia. Domestic breeders managed to use this breed for the formation of May Day and Adler silver.
The color of the plumage of Sussex chickens has various shades. The most common are yellow Colombian, silver, Colombian, motley, white, brown, lavender.
- The color of the skin cover is white,
- The head is of medium size, on which is a curved powerful beak, the base is dark, and by the end the beak is light,
- Scallop red, straight, leaf-shaped, on which is located from 4 to 6 teeth
- Round, red earrings, eyes are either red or orange,
- The neck area is medium in size, narrow; there is a sufficient amount of feathers near the head,
- The body has the shape of a rectangle, the back is large, narrows near the tail,
- Also there is a large belly, powerful large breasts,
- Short wings that are tightly in contact with the body,
- The tail is slightly raised, the braids overlap the steering feathers,
- The lower leg is small,
- Hocks are not long, white, on which are located four fingers.
Chickens and roosters differ by sex. The body in chickens is round. It can be said that Sussexes are very calm, balanced birds, are in good contact with a person, non-aggressive, know their master and quickly get used to it. There are the following disadvantages, finding that the birds are rejected. Curve back, triangular body type, chest with poorly developed muscles, narrow, tail strongly raised up, light eye color.
The bird belongs to the meat-producing direction of productivity. It has good taste of meat products, which contain a good amount of protein. The mass of an adult rooster is 3.5-4 kg, chickens weigh 2.4-3 kg. Sexual maturity in chickens begins at the age of 5-6 months, the average egg production for the year is 160-190 eggs. If the norms of feeding are observed, egg production can be increased up to 250 eggs.
In the winter cold period, a slight decrease in egg productivity can be observed. The mass of eggs is 56-60 g, with the color of the shell from light beige to brownish yellow. The safety of young 98%. It is noted that young animals very quickly gaining muscle mass and at the age of 2.5 months the bird can weigh up to 1.5 kg. This bird has the following advantages: strong immunity, resistance to various diseases prevalent in the poultry industry, the bird is calm, balanced, friendly. Demanding to the conditions of detention and feeding, hybrids obtained from this breed have a sex difference at the age of one.
The bird has not lost the brooding instinct, is a very good chick, and takes good care of its offspring. If a bird hatches in an incubator, then it is necessary to provide temperature and light conditions for it. In the first days of a feeding life, a start is suitable for meat-breeding breeds, or a mash with chopped boiled egg and curd is used. Then add chopped greens and fodder chalk. Sussex hens, which have light plumage and silver gene. If produced by crossing with a breed that has a gene of golden color, the result is chickens with differences in sex at the age of day. As a result, the females will have a feathering of a darker shade.
Chickens Sussex very beautiful and ornamental. They have good productivity indicators. In general, birds are not picky about the conditions of detention and feeding. They feel great in different climatic zones. For Soussex, a standard diet for chickens is suitable; they get along well with other breeds and bird species. Well suited for growing at home.