Probably, it is impossible to imagine a more beautiful and ornamental shrub than spirea. A magnificent waterfall of falling white flowers can turn a Vangutta spiraeus from an ordinary shrub into a lush-colored garden decoration. This species has abundant blooms with a strong honey aroma. The name of the shrub comes from the Greek word speira, which means "bend". The people called shrub bush. In our today's article we will talk about Vangutta spirea. Planting and care, photos of this amazing shrub - all this is presented below!
Before we proceed to the description, characterization and recommendations for the care of this plant, we offer to get acquainted with the most popular varieties of this species. It has several decorative forms, we will tell about them in more detail:
- Snow White. Another name for this spirea is the White Bride. Classic variety with huge snow-white inflorescences having the form of lush umbrellas, about 60 cm in diameter. Sprawling shrub up to two meters high.
- Snow white Spirea is white, the variety was bred in Canada. The plant is compact - no more than 150 cm in height, 180 cm in diameter. It has rather large inflorescences of white color.
- Pink Ice. Unusually beautiful and gentle spirea with large white inflorescences. Pink Ice has young growths of rich crimson color with white-marbled foliage. Which soon (it happens gradually) become covered with cream spots. Variety refers to winter-hardy, but in extreme cold the tips of young shoots can freeze slightly.
- Gold Fontaine. Variety bred by Polish breeders. The shrub is sprawling, slowly growing, no more than 120 cm high and with a crown of up to 150 cm. White flowers of this variety are gathered in the corymbose inflorescences.
Spirey Vangutta: photos and description
The plant belongs to the fast-growing ornamental shrubs from the Pink family. Deciduous hybrid was obtained by crossing between two spirases - three-bladed and Cantonese. This variety has been known since 1868. If in the XIX century, botanists managed to get plants only with white five-petal flowers and leaves of dark green color, then today there are various forms of spirea with pink terry flowers and variegated decorative foliage.
According to the description, the spirea Vangutta grows up to 2 meters high, the diameter is exactly the same size, it has a spreading, cascade-shaped crown. The branches of the shrub arc curved downwards. Spirea leaves 3- or 5-lobed, obovate, serrated along the edges. Most often, their length is about 3.5 cm. The upper side is painted in a dark green saturated color, and below they are a dull blue. Huge hemispherical inflorescences, consisting of white flowers, cover shoots along the entire length. The blooming spirea Vangutta (pictured below) blooms flowers in mid-June, and sometimes in early July, flowering continues for several weeks. In the second half of July or in August, the spirea blooms again, but the inflorescences are somewhat smaller than in the first flowering. Wangutta fruits ripen in mid-autumn.
Planting spirea: soil selection
A lush abundant flowering of this shrub can only be achieved if the plant is in the sun for quite a long time. For the rest, spireas are unpretentious in care, and they do not need special care and a certain place for planting.
For representatives of this family, loose, drained soils are most suitable, with the presence (in moderate quantities) of nutrients. It is best to prepare soil for planting, consisting of the following components: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of sand and as much lowland peat. It is recommended to carry out a soil analysis before planting and perform the following measures:
- Peat or sand should be added to loamy heavy soils or black soil before planting shrubs.
- Poor organic soil, on the contrary, enrich the fertile land and mineral supplements.
- If the composition of the soil is too acidic, it should be deoxidized.
For this type of shrubs, autumn planting is preferable. Spirea Wangutta planted in the ground no later than mid-October. If this could not be done, planting can be started in the spring before the active movement of the juices in the plants begins. When planting a plant at a new place, it is necessary to pay attention to the following nuances:
- optimal place for root system
- eliminate the lack of nutrition and moisture,
- Plants need to take root before the onset of frost.
It is noticed that seedlings with an open root system take root much more painfully than young bushes brought to the site in containers along with an earthy clod. Such plants start growing almost immediately, and therefore planting and maintenance are much easier. In this case, plants can be planted in any warm season. When planting Spirea Wangutta at the bottom of the landing pit, it is necessary to lay a drainage, the thickness of which is from 7 to 20 centimeters, this depends on the type of soil, as well as the occurrence of groundwater. If spirea shrub is used:
- in a single landing, in this case it is necessary to prepare a landing pit with a depth of 50 cm and the same diameter,
- in groups, the distance between seedlings must be maintained as follows - 0.7-1.5 m,
- as a hedge, the landing holes in this case are located at a distance of one and a half meters both between the plants and between adjacent rows.
After landing, Vangutta spiraea care begins immediately. First of all, pristvolny circles should be well compacted and shed with warm water in such a way as to well moisten the entire root system of the plant. For a more long-term conservation of moisture, mulch the soil around the tree trunks.
Planting Vangutta spirea (the photo will not be able to convey all the features) and taking care of it is quite simple and not laborious. In the drought, as well as after trimming the shrub, it must be watered so that the soil in the breech circle is soaked to a depth of about 50 cm. Water consumption per sapling is about two large buckets. In the rest of the time, spirea Vangutta does not need abundant watering, but prefers moderate watering. After this event, the soil must be loosened and weeds removed in a timely manner.
Pruning not only forms the crown of the shrub, but also provokes the formation of new shoots, as well as the laying of flower buds, which allows the spirea to bloom even more magnificently. Pruning is done after flowering, at the time when the branches appear bare, partial drying occurs, and the flowers become shallow. This procedure is performed depending on the timing of flowering shrubs. Pruning is performed either under the stump (especially in old plants), or only dry, old or damaged branches are cut. If suddenly the adult plant has become sparsely flowering, then after it has thrown off the foliage, it is necessary to rejuvenate the shrub. In order for it to develop well and bloom abundantly, it is necessary to conduct one additional feeding with complex fertilizers intended for ornamental plants.
This is one of the easiest ways to breed spirea. For this, in early spring, the lowermost half-woody branch of the shrub is bent to the ground, and then placed in a specially dug groove, leaving only the tip of the shoot on the surface. The branch is fixed with a metal stud, and then sprinkled with fertile earth. During the whole season, the layers are watered moderately, and before the onset of winter, they are covered with dry leaves. With the onset of spring, the rooted branch is cut and transplanted to a new place.
This method of breeding Spirea Wangutta is easy to implement during plant transplantation. Shrub dig and divide into the desired number of parts, each of which must remain strong roots and well-developed shoots. Sections are best treated with crushed coal. Then the roots are seated in prefab wells.
This method is used 2 weeks after flowering. As the cuttings choose healthy and strong shoots. Prepare the substrate consisting of river sand and peat, taken in equal proportions, and planted in it for rooting cuttings. It is recommended to place the shoots in the greenhouse or greenhouse, it will provide a high level of humidity of the air and the substrate. A year later, the cuttings have a well-developed root system and are planted for rearing in separate containers.
Dangerous pests for spirea Wangutta are aphid, rosette, multi-colored miner. But the most dangerous for this type of plant pest - spider mite. In the last month of spring, individuals of the female spider mite settle on the underside of the leaves and weave a web there. During the season about ten generations of mites are formed, which completely destroy the leaves. The latter begin to turn yellow, dry up and fall. The following methods are used for pest control: chemical, agrotechnical and biological. If you carefully care for shrubs, carry out timely watering, apply a spraying of a plant in a drought, and feed it, then such actions will surely give a positive result.
The most widespread type of ornamental shrubs received in the creation of hedges. The following characteristics attract Spirea Wangutt:
- decorative qualities
- abundant bloom
- spherical crown.
Shrubs are used for single and group plantings, as well as in more complex compositions - for borders. With it framed and artificial reservoirs located on the site. Vangutta looks very impressive against a green lawn, near the fountains, next to the pool. With the help of these shrubs you can decorate unsightly buildings, any outbuildings or old dilapidated houses. You can combine this type of spirea with various trees, for example, with pines, spruces, maples or fir.
Spirey Vangutta: description
This shrub, despite its beauty and unpretentiousness, is not so well known among the gardeners of our country, however, those of them who still encounter Vangutta spiraea, irrevocably fall in love with it. That is why it is necessary to understand what Vangutta spirea is, which is described below.
The ornamental shrub of this variety was bred in the middle of the XIX century as a hybrid based on two varieties already known at that time. Due to its impressive size (up to 2 meters in height and diameter), the shrub involuntarily attracts the eye. In addition, the spirea Vangutta, when flowering, is covered with lush white flowers, highlighting the bush unique beauty among other plants.
From the abundance of flowering wisps, as a rule, the shoots of the bush tend to the soil, forming sweeping arc-cascades. The bush begins to bloom in late spring - early summer and lasts for 2-3 weeks. There are frequent cases when the spirea Vangutta after flowering in spring blooms a second time closer to the end of summer, but it is worth noting that the second flowering is not so abundant and beautiful. It is noteworthy that the spirea can be planted in apiaries, because the bees willingly pollinate the plant and feed on its nectar.
Features landing spirea Wangutta at their summer cottage
Wangutta is quite unpretentious in the care and cultivation, however, as is the case with other garden shrubs and trees, the main, predetermining result stage, is planting a spirea in open ground. Therefore, before you grow a spirea in the country, you should take into account all the recommendations regarding the choice of location and landing technology.
Lighting choice: where to plant Vangutta spirea
Spirea is quite dependent on the abundant sunshine. Ensuring this condition allows the shrub to bloom actively and abundantly. It is noteworthy that the plant also suffers a slight darkening, slowing down in growth, but not dying, like other sun-loving bushes. But once you need to understand that flowering will be weak and will last for a short time.
There are no preferences regarding other factors in choosing a landing site. because the decorative spirea bush Vangutta perfectly tolerates any neighborhood.
What should be the soil for plantingLike other members of the species and family, Wangutta spiraea prefers mostly fertile, loose soil and organized drainage. It is very important that the soil has an acidity of not more than 7 units. The best way to create suitable conditions for growing this shrub is to prepare the soil yourself and add component fertilizers to it.
The best composition of the soil - a mixture of turf land, sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1, respectively. If it is not possible to make a similar composition or it is simply irrelevant, then it is enough to add peat or sand separately to the existing soil. In all cases, without exception, before planting the Spirea Wangutta, it is necessary to richly feed the soil of the landing pit with mineral and organic fertilizers.
How to plant a spirea Vangutta in the gardenProper planting of the shrub largely determines not only the growth rate, the flowering activity, but also whether the spirea will take root in the chosen place. As mentioned earlier, Vangutta, although one of the undemanding plants, still has its preferences regarding soil quality and lighting. Therefore, those gardeners who decided to grow Vangutta's spiraea and wondering how to plant and care for it should know that the key to success lies in choosing the right place for planting, selecting a seedling and observing planting technology.
Selection of seedlings and soil preparation
Choosing a sapling of this ornamental plant, you should pay careful attention to the state of its root system, because it is this factor that determines the resistance of the spirea and the duration of its life.
The roots must be strong, without flaws and damage. In addition, an important role is played by their number - the more branches, the faster Vangutta will take root in a new place.
The branches of the shrub should be smooth, not have cracks. They should show small buds.
The planting pit for spirea should be approximately equal to the total size of the root system and have a depth of about 50 cm. As a rule, the most optimal size is 50 x 50 x 50 cm. Soil preparation consists primarily in loosening it, cleaning it from roots and weeds, and fertilizing and subsequent watering. In order for the bush to settle down faster, you can add peat or sawdust to the pit.
The scheme of planting seedlings spirea Wangutta
Often gardeners wonder when to plant Wangutta spiraeus. It is advisable to note that the planting in open ground can be made both in spring and autumn, and it is better to do this when buds are either bloomed or the foliage completely falls.Spirea Wangutta white is planted in a previously prepared (loosened and fertilized) planting pit. Having carefully arranged the root system of the shrub at a depth of 20-30 cm, the cleaned black soil, sawdust, peat, and black soil again are filled up.
The soil layer should be at least 10 cm, sawdust and peat 3-5 cm. It is desirable to slightly water and compact each subsequent layer. It is necessary to pour before the formation of a small mound, which will later settle down.
For the first time, spirea Vangutta bloom begins in the third or fourth year after disembarking.
Watering and soil care
All spireas, without exception, can be conditionally attributed to plants that are able to grow themselves, without any human intervention. The whole process of care for the bush is easily reduced to moderate watering and minimal maintenance of the soil.
The location of the root system of this ornamental shrub is shallow, which is why there is a need to mulch the soil and water the spirea bush every 2 weeks, adding 2 buckets of water (20 liters) to the root of each plant.
Plant nutrition and fertilizer
For top dressing it is best to use a complex mineral or organic fertilizer with the addition of superphosphates. Feeding should be organized at least once a season, and also necessarily after each pruning in spring and autumn.
It is important to note that granulated fertilizer has proven itself well, since it is slowly absorbed by the root system and guarantees more active flowering and rapid growth.
Sooner or later there comes a time when the size of the shrub is simply forced to do the "planned" pruning. It is imperative that the Vagutta spirea bush, which will be pruned, retains its original decorative appearance.
На спирее, которая цветет весной и летом, цветы располагаются по всей длине ветви, поэтому удалять нужно только пострадавшие и застаревшие кончики побегов. Полностью побеги рекомендуется удалять не ранее чем через 7-8 лет. Такая обрезка подразумевает удаление побега на уровне земли. Of the young branches of the bush with a major sweep, it is advisable to leave no more than 6-8 wildly flowering shoots. Such pruning should be done annually, rejuvenating the entire spirea bush.
The average duration of the bush, which regularly and, most importantly, properly rejuvenate, reaches 15-20 years with active annual flowering. Thus, for spirea, proper planting and care, feeding and pruning – mandatory components of good growth and long life.
How Vagutta spiraeus is propagated
Currently, the reproduction of ornamental shrub spirea Vangutta possible in several ways: seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush and layering. Each of them allows you to multiply the beauty on the plot, but has its own characteristics and tricks.
- Seed propagation
- Reproduction by cuttings
Preparation of cuttings from spring flowering bushes should be carried out in June, and spireas, flowering in summer, at the end of July. Harvested cuttings rooted by mid-autumn.
For grafting, choose a strong annual escape and divide it into cuttings with 5-6 buds. The bottom sheets are removed from the cuttings, and the rest are cut in half. In order to increase the effectiveness, it is recommended to soak the obtained stalk in the Epin's solution and a means of stimulating root growth. The cuts remaining on the spirea bush must be treated with garden pitch.The resulting cuttings are planted in a wet substrate, which can be vermiculite, sand, fertilized soil or perlite. In some cases, it is desirable to create greenhouse conditions by covering the container with seedlings and maintaining a uniform temperature and constant humidity in it.
It is important to periodically give them plenty of fresh air, and during cold spells to protect them from low temperatures. This can be done by foliage, branches, tops, and any available material.
Planting cuttings in open ground is carried out in the spring, when small shoots and the root system appear.
- Dividing bush
Shrubs obtained from Vangutta shrubs obtained in this way should be planted in previously prepared planting pits in which soil is fertilized and drainage is provided.
- Reproduction by layering
In the autumn, reproduction by layouts gives the result — an additional root system forms at the site of the incision, and a new seedling can be separated and planted.
The main diseases and pests spirea Vangutta
Unfortunately gardeners, among the lovers of Spirea Vangutta can be attributed, and pests, susceptible to plant and garden diseases.
The most dangerous pest of spirea is considered to be spider mite. The main signs of the formation of its colonies are the appearance of cobwebs, the rapid yellowing and fall of the foliage, the presence of holes in the leaves and inflorescences of the shrub, as well as a general deterioration of its appearance.
The fight against ticks should be started immediately, while applying all possible and available means. The treatment with Phosphamide or Karbofos is most effective. In this case, the method and dosage of the spray formulation should be selected according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
In the summer of the spirea, the red Vangutta, like its white counterpart, is often attacked. aphidswhich sucks the juice from mature inflorescences.
In the fight against aphids, it is recommended to use Pyrimora-type products (0.1%). Moreover, an acceptable result gives the use of the combined composition, including chemical and organic components.
Spirey Vangutta is an amazingly beautiful ornamental shrub that will certainly adorn any summer cottage and backyard plot. It does not require constant care and reverent attitude, but at the same time regularly pleases with amazing blooms. Having decided to plant a spirea Vangutta on its site and creating optimal conditions for it, each gardener will receive a bush of fascinating beauty that causes delight and envy.
The history of this plant began in 1868, when as a result of selection of two types of spirea (Cantonese and three-bladed) a beautiful plant with long branches was obtained. This decorative deciduous shrub belongs to the Pink family, grows up to 2.5 m, has a very thick, wide in diameter, spreading and lush crown.
The leaves are painted in a dark green shade on the upper side and in light green with a bluish bloom - on the back side, up to 4 cm long, with a toothed edge, of a rhombic shape. Autumn change color to purple or yellow.
Flowers are very small, from 0.5 to 0.8 cm in diameter, with yellow centers, form a lush spherical inflorescence 2-2.5 cm in diameter. For the first time the plant begins to bloom at the age of 2-3 years. Familiarize yourself with the main types of spirea, as well as learn about the peculiarities of cultivation of such species as “Bumalda”, Japanese, “Grefsheym”, birch, “Snowmund”.
During the flowering period (from the second half of June to the second decade of July) last year's shoots are densely covered with white flowers. Sometimes there is re-bloom at the end of summer. Spirea Vangutta is an excellent honey plant, and the bee product from its flowers has a pleasant floral aroma and taste.
Distribution and habitat
Spirea Vangutta grows in the northern hemisphere of our planet: in Asia it grows in latitudes above the Himalayan mountains, in Europe the shrub is found in forest-steppe, forest and semi-desert natural zones, as well as in the subalpine mountain belt. On the territory of America spread above Mexico.
Prefers areas with sufficient sunlight, nutrient soil, tolerates cold.
Did you know?Spiraea bark served as the raw material for the creation of acetylsalicylic acid or aspirin known to all now.
Use in landscape design
The spectacular and unusual shrub was not paid attention to by landscape designers, therefore, spirayu is often used to create compositions.
So, in landscape design the plant is used for such purposes:
- to create a hedge,
- in single compositions,
- to decorate the lawn
- in compositions with other shrubs.
Since the plant survives well in an urban environment, it is often planted on the territory of industrial enterprises, children's and urban institutions, near motorways and just on city streets.
Spirea Vangutta is perfectly combined with a variety of plants: with low flowers (peonies, roses, lilies, asters) and with coniferous species (spruce, thuja, juniper). Often, spirea is used to zoning space or to shift accents, for example, if it is planted near a fence or structure.
The plant responds well to shaping, therefore it is often used in classic “strict” compositions. It is a good alternative to willows for planting near water bodies.
Conditions of detention
If you decide to grow a snow-white beauty in your yard, the choice of location becomes one of the main and most important questions.
At the same time, one should pay attention to its illumination - although it is not a critical criterion (Wangutta spirea grows well even in shaded areas), but for abundant and regular flowering it is advisable to plant bushes in well-lit areas. It is impossible to plant spirea in the lowlands, where rainwater and snow often accumulate.
In addition, it is necessary to take into account the dimensions of the above-ground part and the root system in an adult bush: the spiraea cannot be oppressed, since it has a superficial, but very sprawling root system. The distance between the bushes should be at least 1.5 m.
Important!Spirea Vangutta has a high resistance to urban air (smog, high gas pollution and pollution), so it can be planted without fear in the city.
Soil and fertilizer
This type of spirea shows particular demands on the soil: it must be fertile and rich, air and moisture permeable, light and loose. The pH level should be in the range of 6-7 units.
Optimal are the turf and leafy land. The following mixture is ideal for soil preparation: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of sand and peat.
If the soil does not meet the requirements at the site, you can adjust its composition during planting:
- in the fat, “heavy” soil (black soil, loam), it is necessary to make sand or peat,
- to enrich depleted soils, organic and mineral fertilizers will be needed,
- Soil acidity can be reduced with wood ash, lime, or lime.
With high soil fertility in the area, you can do with one dressing per season; for poor soils, you will need at least two dressings: before flowering and after autumn pruning.
It is necessary to use both organic and mineral mixtures:
- Organic Submitted after trimming shrubs. Fit chicken droppings or cow dung. Pre-mix you need to insist at least a week, then mix 1 part of organic with 10 parts of water. Fertilizer should be applied after careful watering, preferably in the evening. The amount of fertilizer is calculated from the age and size of the bush: for young plants up to 0.5 m, half a bucket will be enough. For adult large bushes will need a couple of buckets.
- Mineral blends. Introduced in early spring before flowering. Optimal purchase ready store mineral fertilizers. They must be added to the soil based on the calculation: 70 g per 1 square. m
Mineral fertilizers include such as “Master”, “Kemira”, “Sudarushka”, “Ammophos”, ammonium nitrate, “Plantafol”, “Azofoska”.
Watering and moisture
This plant tolerates drought well, besides, the moisture remains for a very long time under the lush sprawling branches of the bush. However, one should not allow hardening and cracking of the soil, otherwise lush flowering is not expected. Soil moistening should be regular, but not abundant.
For adult plants, watering about 2-3 times a month is enough, for one bush you will need 1-2 buckets of water. In the period of extreme heat and prolonged drought, watering should be intensified based on the state of the earthy coma. Young plants require more frequent watering.
To moisten the soil you need to use soft settled water of summer temperature. After moistening, be sure to mulch the soil with peat, sawdust or grass.
Did you know?In Ancient Russia, spirea shoots were used to create whipstocks, later they became the material for the manufacture of weapons ramrod.
Relation to temperature
The shrub is not whimsical to temperature indicators, has a high frost resistance, for the period of winter months it can even do without shelter. However, if the temperature in your latitudes reaches -45 ° C in winter, it can be fraught with the destruction of the bush.
If there is a risk of very low temperatures, the shoots of Vangutta spirea should be tied in a bundle, pinned to the ground and covered with leaves or other covering material. Young plants that are under 3 years old need an obligatory winter shelter.
Plant reproduction and planting
In the overwhelming majority of cases, Wangutta's snow-white beauty is propagated by cuttings, since the seeds have an extremely low germination rate (about 5%). In the southern latitudes, planting is allowed in the autumn, since the rooting of the seedlings is quite good, and the risk of freezing is low.
In the middle lane and more northern latitudes, spring planting of shrubs is practiced. If you buy seedlings, pay attention to such moments - seedlings should be young, strong and healthy, without leaves, with green bark, as well as good buds. They should be planted before their blooming.
The landing action algorithm is as follows:
- At the selected place, dig a hole with dimensions of 50 * 50 * 50 cm. Now you can leave the landing site for 2-4 days for ventilation. If you plant several plants for a hedge, keep a distance of 1-1.5 m between the holes.
- On the day of planting, prepare seedlings: soak in water for a couple of hours, inspect the roots and, if necessary, remove the damaged ones, find the place of the root collar.
- When loamy soils be sure to make a thick layer of drainage, for this you can use expanded clay or broken brick. The thickness of the drainage is about 15-20 cm.
- Prepare an earth mixture according to the composition indicated above.
- Pour a layer of soil on the drainage layer, then place the seedling so that the root neck is at the level of the ground layer. Fill the pit with the remaining soil. Then the ground should be slightly tamped, watered abundantly (1-2 buckets of water will be needed) and mulched with peat.
Important!Optimum weather conditions for planting shrubs are cloudy day and even rainy weather.
Another method is reproduction by layering.
To do this in the spring, during the period of foliage blooming, you need to select a few shoots, pin them to the ground and sprinkle with soil. The tip of the shoot should be cut to stop growth, the ground as needed to moisten.
In the fall you can get a ready-made plant for transplanting. By the way, spiraea responds well to transplantation, especially in the autumn.
Pruning is a very important step in the care of spirea shrubs, if you neglect this procedure, your beauty will quickly lose its shape, upper shoots will crush and bend down the lower branches, and young shoots will become thin and weak, inflorescences will be small and rare.
Since this species blooms in summer, pruning can be done in spring. The procedure is carried out in 4-year-old and older plants. After winter, you can prune the tips of the shoots affected in winter. To do this, the shoot is shortened to the first large buds.
Also removed are thin, weak, inconveniently located branches. Radical removal of old branches is carried out 7 years after planting, then you need to annually remove some of the old branches, thus updating the shrub. In this case, the branches are removed at ground level.
Possible difficulties in growing
When growing Vagutta spirea, gardeners most often face two problems:
- the plant does not bloom
- the bushes dry shoots.
Their reasons may be the following circumstances:
- Lack of flowering. Remember that plants start to bloom after a couple of years of life, so perhaps your bush is just too young. If the reason is not aged, it is worth reviewing the care of it: lack of sunlight, insufficient watering (especially in the heat), prolonged absence of pruning are frequent causes of the absence of snow-white flowers.
- Drying of shoots. The reason may be an attack of pests. In this case, it is necessary to remove absolutely all the dried-up shoots, treat the cutting sites with garden pitch and apply the appropriate preparation for the fight against insects. Drying of the shoots can also occur as a result of the clogging of the roots. In this case, reduce watering, carefully soil the soil and apply the drug to stimulate root formation and improve the stress tolerance of the plant (for example, "Zircon").
Pests, diseases and prevention
This plant is practically not exposed to infectious, viral or bacterial diseases typical of shrubs. But sometimes spiraeus can be attacked by pests as a result of care errors or under special weather conditions.
Next, consider how to deal with the most frequent pests of the bush:
- Spider mite It is not completely an insect, but it can significantly harm spiraea shrubs. Against him, a special group of drugs - acaricides. You can use "Neoron", "Aktellik", "Fitoverm" according to the instructions.
- Spireevaya and beet aphid. Twisted tips of the leaves, deformed tops indicate the attack of aphids. To combat the pest, you can use drugs "Fufanon", "Akarin", "Aktellik."
- Rosana leafworm. May damage the plant: the larvae hatching in the bark begin to eat the shoots, leaves, flowers of the plant. To combat the need to use biological or chemical pesticides: "Fitoverm", "Calypso", "Clonrin".
- Balsam blue sawfly. It causes significant damage to the plant, eating young shoots. To destroy the caterpillars it is necessary to use the insecticide "Decis".
- Galitsa It may appear as a result of an excess of nitrogenous fertilizers or the absence of trimming a bush, and as a result, its excessive density. Externally, the gall midge is similar to a mosquito and looks quite harmless, however, it lays eggs under the bark of the plant, and the hatched larvae turn the tissues of the branches into dust. To control insects, insecticides should be used: Calypso, Karbofos. As a preventive measure, it is necessary to thin out shoots from time to time.
In general, the spirea Vangutta (like other species of this shrub) grows very well with minimal assistance and human intervention. Even in the absence of special care, spiraea lives up to 15–20 years, however, there are quite frequent cases when a magnificent beauty has lived to 40 years.
It is very easy to grow this ornamental shrub and will be able to even an inexperienced gardener.
Planting and caring for Vangutta spiraea (in short)
- Bloom: some weeks from the middle of June or the beginning of July, in August repeated flowering is possible.
- Landing: in the fall, in the period of leaf fall, although planting is possible in the spring, before the start of sap flow.
- Lighting: bright light or light partial shade.
- The soil: any, including too wet and poor, but dry sandy soils are most suitable.
- Watering: in a dry season, the soil should be soaked to a depth of 50 cm, the rest of the time, watering should be moderate and not too frequent.
- Top dressing: In the spring, complex mineral fertilizer for ornamental plants is introduced into the near-stem circle. If necessary, it can be made before the onset of cold weather.
- Trimming: sanitary and formative after flowering.
- Reproduction: cuttings, layering and dividing the bush, at least - seeds.
- Pests: aphid, kidney gall midges and snow-covered blue sawflies.
- Diseases: practically not affected.
Spirea Wangutta - description
The height of the spirea Vangutta about 2 m, about the same and the diameter of its cascading sprawling crown. The branches of the plant are curved downwards. Jagged at the edges, three-five-lobe obovate spiraea leaves Vangutta up to 3.5 cm in length from the upper side are painted in dark green color, and from the bottom they are dull-gray. White flowers are collected in numerous hemispherical inflorescences, covering shoots along the entire length. Flowering begins in mid-June or early July and lasts for several weeks. In July or August, Vangutta spirea may recur. The fruits ripen in mid-autumn.
When plant spirayu Vangutta.
For this plant, an autumn planting is preferable, which is carried out from the beginning to the middle of October, but if you did not have time to plant a spiraeum within the specified time, do it in the spring before the sap flow begins. Vangutta spirea seedlings with an open root system tolerate a transplant more painful than those in containers. By the way, seedlings with closed roots can be planted during the entire growing season.
The spirea bush Vangutta is unpretentious, frost-resistant, relatively shade-tolerant, although it prefers well-lit areas. Spirea Wangutta is insensitive to air pollution, and carries smoke and smog.
How to plant spirey Vangutta.
Spiraea grows best on dry sandy soil, but it can develop well on other soils, including poor or too wet.
Before planting, seedlings are placed in the water for at least three hours, then damaged, dry or rotten roots are removed from them, and healthy ones are slightly shortened, as are too thin or long shoots. The spirea pit at a depth of 40-50 cm should be one quarter larger in volume than the root system of the plant. A drainage layer of broken brick (rubble) and sand about 15 cm thick is laid on the bottom of the landing pit, and the upper, fertile layer of soil removed from the pit is mixed with compost and sand. The seedling is placed in a hole so that the root neck is at the level of the surface of the plot, and the remaining space is filled with soil mixture. After planting, the ground in the stop wheel is tamped and watered abundantly with non-cold water, and as soon as it is absorbed, the surface around the seedling is mulched with a layer of peat 7 cm thick.
Vagutta Spiraea Care
Planting spirea Vangutta and care for it is simple and not time consuming. In dry weather and after pruning, the plant is watered so as to soak the soil in the breech to a depth of about half a meter. In the rest of the time, spirea needs moderate and not too abundant watering, after which soil is loosened and weeds are removed around the plant.
Pruning a spirea Vangutta after flowering not only forms the crown of the bush, but also stimulates the formation of new shoots and the budding of flower buds, with the result that the spirea will bloom more magnificently than before. If you notice that the flowering of the adult spirea has become scarce, immediately after dropping the leaves, perform a cardinal anti-aging pruning of the plant.
For normal development and abundant flowering spirea Wangutta requires only one dressing with complex fertilizers for ornamental plants, which are made in spring, but some gardeners believe that the same dressing should be applied to the soil before the onset of cold weather.
Despite the high resistance of the spirea Vangutta to diseases and pests, sometimes the plant can occupy aphids, kidney gall midges and blue-footed sawflies. As soon as you find the pests, immediately remove all insect-infested leaves from the bush and burn them, and treat the plant with an insect-acaricide.
Breeding Spirea Wangutta
Since the germination of seeds of spirea Vangutta is only 5%, propagate the plant by cutting, layering or dividing the bush.
Spireya about two weeks after flowering. Healthy and strong half-woody shoots are chosen for cuttings. Rooted them in a box with a substrate of equal parts of peat and river sand. It is best to place a box with cuttings in a greenhouse, thereby ensuring a high level of substrate moisture and air. A year later, cuttings with a well-developed root system are transplanted to re-grow in separate containers.
The easiest way of spirea breeding is rooting cuttings. In the spring, a low-growing semi-woody branch is bent to the ground, placed in a pre-made groove, leaving the tip of the shoot on the surface, fixed the branch with a metal pin, after which the groove is covered with fertile soil. The entire season is watered, and in the winter they cover it with dry leaves. In the spring, the rooted branch is separated from the bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
Dividing bush can be done with a spirea transplant. The bush is dug, carefully divided into parts, each of which must have strong roots and developed shoots. Sections are treated with crushed coal, after which the delenki are seated in the prepared pits.
Spirey Wangutta in landscape design
Garden designers are attracted to the high ornamental qualities of the plant, its spherical crown and abundant flowering. Spirea Wangutta is used for single and group plantings, complex compositions, as well as curbs and hedges. Spyreus Vangutta bush looks spectacular on a green lawn, near fountains and pools. It reliably decorates unsightly outbuildings and dilapidated walls of houses. This type of spirea is perfectly combined with other plants, for example, with spruce, fir, pine or maples.