Growing strawberries at home is a simple task. Follow the directions, plant seeds to grow strawberries at home. Believe me, growing strawberries at home all year round will be a pleasant experience.
It is difficult to find a person who would be indifferent to strawberries. This divine berry attracts with its appearance, amazing aroma and exquisite taste. Since ancient times, the gift of nature strawberry was considered a special dish. It was served in the richest houses, in the palaces. Over time, it became available for all social categories, moreover, it can be grown even on a windowsill. Do not believe, then we invite you to get acquainted with an easy way to grow strawberries at home. This is a great alternative to the plastic-flavored berries that are on sale in stores and supermarkets.
In appearance, the product is beautiful, resilient, amazing color, but it is worthwhile to get to the core, as you immediately realize - this is not the favorite strawberry with its amazing taste and aroma. Yes, and it is expensive products, where better to save money and year round settle for the divine taste. So the benefits of growing strawberries at home:
- Natural taste
- Lack of chemical stimulants
- Harvest year round,
- Benefit from implementation.
- What is needed for growing strawberries
For planting strawberry seedlings need a large container. The most suitable option is a strong plastic bag filled with soil. In stores for garden-garden lovers, ready-made land is sold, but it is easy to make a mixture for planting with your own hands. It is necessary to mix the land, peat and sawdust, add a little lime, to reduce to no the acidity of the soil. Drainage wastes should be made at the bottom of the bags, and small cross-shaped cuts should be made from above to plant the seedlings there.
What is better - seeds or seedlings?
Many people are confused by the idea that planting strawberry seeds in a home is a disadvantageous and laborious process. However, this is a misconception. Strawberry seeds are really very small, but they have good germination, and the plants will be strong and resistant. Before sowing seeds, keep the bag in the fridge for one month. Planting strawberry seeds for growing at home is better in early February, when daylight hours will be longer. If you want earlier, use artificial day lamps, as the culture is light-requiring. Sow seeds should be directly into the soil without applying on top of the soil. To keep the wet temperature, cover it with a film on top until the first shoots appear. As soon as 2-4 leaflets appear on the seedlings, they should be picked into small pots, then transplanted into bulk bags for cultivation.
Plant strawberry seedlings even easier. Planting time - spring, autumn. During this period, strawberries do not grow so actively and take root well.
For growing strawberries all year round at home, you should choose remontant species that produce crops several times a year. These include varieties:
- "Yellow Miracle"
- "Queen Elizabeth"
- "Everest", etc.
How to care for the culture?
Caring for strawberries that you grow at home is almost the same as in the open garden. Requires watering, fertilizing fertilizer, pest control. For strawberry airing is important, that is, circulation. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically open the windows for a while in non-frosty weather and air the room. Daylight - natural or artificial should illuminate the culture for at least 14 hours. When growing strawberries on the windowsill, choose the south side.
Another factor in good yields is pollination. It is clear - at home to breed bees and make natural pollination is impossible. But there is a solution, and quite simple. Put the fan in front of the flowers, let the air flow cope with the pollen, or walk periodically with a brush. Strawberries do not tolerate frost and drafts, so you should protect it from hypothermia. Especially home-grown strawberries are very sensitive to cold.
How to feed strawberries?
When growing crops all year round, you need to use top dressing for the roots and the upper part of the plant once every 2 weeks. It is necessary to use the complex fertilizers intended for garden cultures. Specialized stores also have fertilizer for strawberries with a set of carefully balanced beneficial microelements, thanks to which the culture will not get sick and will become resistant to all sorts of pests, temperature extremes.
Strawberries planted in the house should be replanted and renewed every 4 years.
Seedlings are obtained by collecting new shoots, which are planted in separate containers and replace old and depleted bushes with them. Also, new seedlings can be obtained by sowing seeds.
Pests and diseases that strawberries are prone to
To grow strawberries at home, on the windowsill you should not fear the invasion of any pests in the form of snails, tops, slugs. Only in the open field can a plant suffer from such an affliction. But parasites such as powdery mildew, aphid and others can become a real headache for a lover of growing strawberries in the house. In order not to miss the moment, you should pay attention to the surface of the leaves. As soon as white bloom appears, it is necessary to treat it with a special preparation “Sulfaride” or any other substitute.
Also, strawberries can get “gray rot”, which can completely destroy the crop. In this case, you need to take preventive measures. First, the room should be ventilated; strawberries should not suffocate. It is the increased humidity that leads to dampness and the appearance of rot. If you miss the moment - treat the plant with copper oxide of copper per 1 liter - one tablespoon of the drug.
As it turned out, growing beloved, sweet strawberries at home is a simple task. Yes, there are some tricks to which to resort. But instead of diligence and meticulous care, you can get a good harvest and, even on winter days, enjoy the taste of delicious and aromatic berries. Just imagine the surprise and delight of the guests who gathered for the New Year, when you give your own strawberry and cream strawberries to the table in the form of dessert.
Good harvest and good luck!
How to choose seedlings for growing strawberries
To grow strawberries at home, you need to choose suitable seedlings. You can grow it yourself from seeds, but this difficult task may be beyond the power of many gardeners. In addition, the use of seedlings allows you to get a harvest faster.For growing at home is popular remontant strawberry, which bears fruit in winter. Some of its varieties bear fruit for 10 months a year, while not too dependent on the length of daylight and weather conditions. Among the varieties of non-durable daylight we can distinguish the following: Queen Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth II, Tristar, Byron, Roman F1 and so on, but precisely Queen Elizabeth II is the most fruitful and gives large berries.
Saplings are better to take in specialized stores, and not in the markets from random people. Store seedlings are more likely to be exactly what they wanted to buy.
What should be the soil, the choice of capacity for seedlings
Having received a positive answer to the question of whether it is possible to grow strawberries at home in the winter, it is worth learning more about the difficulties of organizing a home garden and the requirements for it, as well as about the features of the seedlings.
Choosing a container for seedlings is not difficult: pots and drawers will do. If there is no place to put such containers, you can build a polyethylene cylinder for strawberries from a thick film that is suitable for a greenhouse. These cylinders can be placed on the floor or hung. Filling them with soil, you need to make cuts for seedlings in a checkerboard pattern: each at a distance of 20-25 cm.
Soil for strawberries at home should have the correct composition, which will ensure yield. It should consist of a mixture of peat, fertilizer and soil. You can independently make such a substrate by purchasing all the components separately.
Superphosphate can be used as a mandatory mineral fertilizer.
Creating a microclimate for strawberries
For the cultivation of strawberries all year round is required to provide favorable conditions. Although strawberries grow in warm home conditions, this is not all winter care that is required.A good harvest of strawberries requires the creation of a particularly microclimate. Favorable is the air temperature of 20-25 ° C. Humidity should be high enough - 80%. Naturally, in such conditions good ventilation is necessary.
Lighting is very important for the process of photosynthesis. High pressure lamps with reflector can be used. It is recommended to set the 16-hour daylight hours. Properly created microclimate will help strawberries to develop properly and, as a result, bear fruit well.
How to pollinate strawberries yourself
After preparing the conditions for growing strawberries to relax early. It is necessary to remember about such an important stage of development of a flowering plant as its pollination. At home, alas, it can not occur naturally. Therefore, it is necessary to resort to artificial pollination of peduncles during those few weeks when strawberry bushes are blooming.
Dust strawberries themselves in two ways:
- in the mornings in the direction of the peduncles direct the included fan. The wind from it will help to pollinate strawberries in the same way as it does in the open field,
manually pollinate each flower with a soft paint brush. A brush is necessary to drive on each flower daily.On small home plantations pollination will not cause significant difficulties. But if we are talking about extensive plantations, such methods of self-pollination of strawberries will become too time-consuming and ineffective.
Secrets of growing strawberries at home
Strawberry is a demanding plant to grow it at home, you need to be patient. To grow strawberries on the windowsill in winter, we suggest using The following tips:
- The first peduncles need to be removed. This is done so that the seedlings take root faster. After the appearance of a sufficient number of leaves, the newly appeared flower stalks can be left,
Stimulating compounds can be used to process strawberry bushes. This contributes to the rapid formation of ovaries,
Strawberry seedlings should be periodically fertilized with biohumus and organic fertilizers. In this case, it is important to know the measure, because if you overdo it, the harvest will be small, and the foliage is large,
Several rusty nails can be buried in the soil under the seedlings so that they give iron ions to the soil during the oxidation process. Remember that for proper development the plant needs fertilizer containing iron.
Watering and lighting play a very important role. The correct ratio of these components will allow strawberry bushes to develop strong and fertile. And the observance of all the above rules will significantly increase the chances of growing juicy strawberries at home and get an impressive harvest.
Where to begin?
With an estimate of the area of the balcony and living space of the house in which you plan to grow berries all year round. In the articles devoted to the organization of the space for the cultivation of various berry and vegetable crops on the balcony, we described in some detail the methods of planting plants: both in horizontal and in vertical containers. The undisputed leader in saving room space in the home is the vertical placement of plants.
The substrate can be filled with both elongated plastic bags (preferably made of thick black plastic film and large-diameter plumbing pipes with holes cut into them. The second method is more suitable for year-round strawberry growing at home, because moved to the winter for the room.And if it is decorated with a beautiful coating (plastic film, "hammer" enamel or other materials), then it will not spoil the design of the apartment, but organically fit into achestve landscaping element.
If the area of the balcony and the room allows (they should be about the same) that you plan to take in strawberry growing containers all year, then it is advisable to place a “life-support” system in the complex with containers that will not care about timely watering. or turning on the lights.
Forcing a strawberry house all year round usually does not imply the use of land (especially gardening) as such. Instead, at home, either coconut fiber is used in a mixture with peat and perlite, or peat with the addition of expanded clay sand (fine fraction) and perlite (vermiculite). This is due to the weight of the substrate. Tanks filled with peat and perlite are several times lighter than filled with garden soil. They are more convenient to move. The second reason for using artificial substrates is their “sterility”. You do not risk bringing with the ground pathogens of strawberries or larvae of pests. In the middle of winter you will not have mosquitoes or midges hatching from garden soil, and dvuvostok or caterpillars will not start running along the floor.
Another advantage is the almost complete absence of dirt, which is inevitably washed out of the drainage holes after watering the plants. There will be no peculiar smell of damp soil at home. At any time of the year you will be able to create a previously known composition of the elements of the substrate, which will be most suitable for plant growth and update its capacity for planting new plants.
The most suitable varieties
For growing strawberries all year round in a balcony or a room, at home, remontant and ampel varieties are most suitable. It is not necessary to grow tall, strong plants, giving erect peduncles in the balcony conditions. Berries in any case will not touch the surface of the earth, and therefore - marvel at all kinds of "rot" nesting in moist soil and will always be clean and elegant.
Ampelnye varieties at home are convenient in that they will completely cover the capacity in which strawberries are grown with their hanging down lashes. And remontant varieties will provide you with an uninterrupted harvest. Modern breeding varieties will include climbing strawberries, which are independently capable of hooking onto a support and growing upwards, like lianas, forming a dense green veil. But growing them on the balcony of the house is possible only during the summer season, since moving the plant into the room without damaging the shoots, and then arranging a trellis in the apartment or pulling the string, on which the plants could be lined, is problematic.
If everything is fairly clear with the planting of the first batch of plants, then the subsequent replacement of the seed-bearing plants requires explanation. It is recommended to replace the plant once a year. In order not to completely bare the capacity in which the strawberries grow, and not to wait for the sprouting of the seedlings, its flowering and the fruiting phase, it is advisable to have plants of different planting periods in the same container. Initially, it will be enough to plant the seedlings at an interval of 6 months (spring and autumn), and next year replace 1/3 of the plants with new ones. Weakly fruited or small-sized plant ovaries should be replaced.
In no case should not allow re-grading within the same container. Yes, and the proximity of different varieties on the balcony may lead to unintentional over-pollination and degradation of the variety.
Growing 2-3 varieties at home, try to isolate them as much as possible from each other, especially on the balcony, when pollination can occur naturally by wind or insects.
None of the plants can survive year-round on an artificial substrate without the influx of nutrients necessary for leaf growth and fruit formation. Therefore, growing strawberries at home, in year-round mode, requires the constant use of organic and mineral fertilizers.
Taking the ready-made mixtures of fertilizers “For strawberries and strawberries” or “For berry crops” initially, during a period of intensive growth and before flowering, they should be applied according to the manufacturer's recommendations (on the package).
During the period of formation and ripening of fruits, their number should be reduced as much as possible against the technical standards that are recommended.
In the container there is no intensive washing out of fertilizers by rain or after watering they do not leak into the groundwater. When organizing drip irrigation, almost all the moisture supplied to the tank is absorbed by the roots. Consequently, fertilizers are also absorbed. Поэтому, вносить рекомендованные 5-10 граммов на 1м2 нет никакой необходимости.
Уход за клубникой
The main care for the plants will be regular pruning of the "whiskers" - if it is not an ampel variety and not repairant, forming fruits on a young mustache, as well as periodic pollination during the whole growing season. Pollination can be either with a fan (cold hair dryer), or with the help of a soft core (squirrel) art brush.
For pollination of different varieties of strawberries, use different brushes and never confuse them and keep them together. Pollination with a brush is quite a laborious process that requires attention and time, but gives better results than using a fan or hair dryer.
Be sure to spray the plants from the sprayer at least once a day, since the balcony is extremely airy due to intensive air circulation and at home due to the heating devices, the air is extremely dry, and this has a negative effect on the plants.
If there is no problem with the lack of lighting on the balcony in the summer months, then in the conditions of growing strawberries all year round in the winter, additional artificial lighting is required. The most optimal is the use of LED lamps with a balanced emission spectrum. In the extreme case, fluorescent lamps of “daylight” light can be used in combination with 1- “cold” + 2 “warm” light.
So that the red-and-blue radiation of the LEDs does not irritate, the plants should be fenced off with a screen made of foiled material (thermal insulation sold in hardware stores) or crumpled food foil glued onto sheets of cardboard or fiberboard. This will allow more evenly distribute the lighting and increase its efficiency up to 50% of the power of the light source.
The time of additional lighting during the period when the plants are in the room should be 12-14 hours. You can automate the process of switching on by connecting a lighting device to the simplest Chinese timer, costing 200-300 rubles.
If you are using a vertical planting system, it is advisable to use an drip irrigation system - either by placing a container with a nutrient solution (water) above the level in which strawberries are grown and ensuring the solution flows through the tubes from the medical "dropper", or initially lay in the design a tube located in the middle of the tank and having a bottom (cap) and many small holes d-1 mm. over the entire length of the tube through which watering is performed.
In “advanced” irrigation systems, you can use the micropomp for garden fountains or aquariums, which will pump a well-defined volume of liquid sufficient to moisten the soil. It can also be connected to a timer. Once every two weeks, instead of water, use a solution of mineral fertilizers for irrigation.
Let's sum up
The process of year-round cultivation of strawberries is permanent. It does not allow “forgetting” or postponing any of the listed manipulations for later. However, this is the lot of any agricultural production - work all year long without weekends and holidays.
Strawberry is one of the most favorite delicacies of not only children, but also adults. Many gardeners often grow it in their own area or in a greenhouse. But there are some craftsmen who have adapted to grow strawberries in a pot at home on the window in the winter season. About how to do this, and will be discussed today.
How to wake up a sapling
In short light days in winter, you will need a fluorescent lamp.
To wake up a seedling it is necessary to bring it into a warm room. Thus, if you wish, you can adjust the conveyor cultivation of strawberries, year-round.
It is important to remember that this plant is light-loving, and in winter, light days are known to be short. Therefore, additional lighting should be provided, a fluorescent lamp will help.
The process of pollination can be done with a brush.
Another nuance is pollination. Since while growing strawberries in a greenhouse, you can place a beehive with bees there or launch bumblebees, it is impossible to do this in an apartment.
But you should not get upset in order to carry out the process of pollination, you must daily touch strawberry flowers with a brush.
Suitable strawberry varieties
To buy a really suitable variety of strawberries you should not be taken to beautiful pictures in flower shops. According to many experienced gardeners, you should choose proven remontant varieties of strawberries. They are less capricious in the care and able to bear fruit for a year.
The variety of strawberries Queen Elizabeth II is suitable for growing on the windowsill.
Repair strawberry varieties do not last long for only 2-3 years.
Following reviews of people who have been growing strawberries on the windowsill for more than a year the following varieties are perfect:
- Autumn fun
- Crimean Remontant
- Inexhaustible, etc.
- Queen Elizabeth
- Queen Elizabeth II
- F1 novel
Planting strawberries is best not with seeds, and seedlings. Since during planting with the help of seeds will have to try hard to grow plants. But during planting seedlings will be much less.
Planting strawberries in pots
The first step is to take care of the capacity for a strawberry bush. It is important that it be the right size and have special openings for water flow, on one seedling the norm is considered a 3-liter pot. Many housewives prefer to plant strawberries in long balcony pots. In this case, in one pot can be placed 3-4 bush.
For the cultivation of strawberries fit long balcony pots.
Important to remember! It is impossible to transplant strawberries from one container to another. Because after transplanting adult bushes often die.
Pebbles can be used as drainage.
- Drainage should be at the bottom of the container.. To do this, use pebbles, expanded clay or broken brick.
- Then you need to inspect the roots of the plant, if they prove to be too long they should be shortened. That they freely fit in the tank.
- The roots of the plant are carefully covered with earth and tamped a little.
- Strawberries should be watered after planting.. This can be done with the help of growth stimulants.
- First, the grains are placed in small plastic cups and covered with film.
- Then they must be put in the warmest place in the apartment.
- After sprouts grow a little, they are transplanted to a permanent place (pot).
Strawberry seeds should be placed in a cup and put in a warm place.
Strawberry Room Care
Strawberries require abundant watering.
Caring for strawberries in flowerpots on the windowsill is a laborious process. Since this plant requires a lot of attention, especially if it is not grown in a natural environment in winter. In order for strawberries to develop well and bear fruit, you must follow the basic rules of care:
- Lighting. First, it is necessary to place the pot with strawberries on the windows, where the sun's rays constantly fall. But daylight in the winter the plant will still be small, it needs additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.
- Watering. O must be regular and abundant.
- Temperature condition should be within 20—tee degrees.
- Top dressing. It is required during the flowering and ripening of berries. This should be done once every two weeks. During this period, it is recommended to make complex, organic or mineral fertilizers. You can also spray strawberries with iron-based fertilizers, it favorably affects the amount of the crop.
- Loosening. It must be done regularly to ensure that oxygen reaches the roots.
Pollination at home strawberries in winter
This is a mandatory event for the harvest. Therefore, we consider it in more detail.
This is done in two ways: mechanical and manual. During the mechanical, a small fan is installed next to the plants; when it is turned on, the air flow carries pollen to all inflorescences. To pollinate flowers manually, you need to touch each flower on a bush with a soft brush. According to many experienced gardeners, the second method, although laborious, is more efficient.
Mechanical pollination requires a small fan.
Doing one of the care points may result in the death of the plant or the loss of the crop. Therefore, it applies to all the above recommendations seriously.
Growing strawberries in a pot will bring great pleasure!
Despite the hassles that will have to face while growing strawberries in the winter at home, this process can bring great pleasure to the gardener. After all, many in the winter period begin to get bored, for the opportunity to delve into the garden. And the admiration of the household will be an excellent reward for the work done.