Many gardeners plant different varieties of red currant on their plots. The berries make wonderful canned food for the winter, and it is also pleasant to treat them fresh. Experts have developed many suitable for Central Russia varieties, characterized by excellent characteristics: frost resistance, yield, good health. One of these varieties is red currant "Natali". The variety is suitable for central and southern regions of Russia.
Red currant "Natali": variety description
Currant belongs to the gooseberry family. Red currant, variety “Natali” is bred in Russia as an inter-sorted hybrid. Brings regular numerous yields up to 12 kg from a bush. Berries go to any type of processing. In 1991, the variety is listed in the Russian State Register. Description of red currant "Natali" with a photo is contained in the article. The variety is very popular among gardeners.
Red currant "Natali" looks like a low shrub with large fruits. Leaf size is medium, color is green with blue shimmer, matte. The leaf plate has a wavy edge and considerable jaggedness. The middle lobe is larger in size than the lateral ones. The color of the petioles is green, the size is medium.
Flowers are formed large, in the form of a bowl, sepals are colored in brown-red. Axis covered with fluff. Photo of red currant "Natali" is presented in the article.
Brushes with medium size fruits, brush length from 7 to 9 cm. The term of fruit ripening is medium. The berries are round, rich red, large in size, reaching a mass of 1 gram. Berries are characterized by a dry margin. They are covered with a strong peel that facilitates transportation. The flesh of the fruit is sweet and sour, the berries are rated at 4 points.
Pros and cons varieties
The benefits of the variety include:
- pleasant taste of fruit,
- berries are well transported and are distinguished by long-term storage,
- fruiting bush lasts up to 10 years,
- frost resistance of bushes,
- immunity to pathologies and parasites.
Red currant "Natali", the description of the variety speaks about its minuses. The disadvantage is that over time the bush becomes spreading. By 5-6 years old shoots bend, the gravity of their berries bows to the ground, support is required.
The benefits of red currants
Red currant is considered a useful plant, it contains a large number of pectins. Berries are used to remove toxic substances, prevent inflammation, treatment of gastrointestinal pathologies.
In the berries a lot of mineral salts, vitamins, tannins. The amount of vitamin C red currant is not inferior to strawberries. Iron and potassium in its composition have a positive effect on blood vessels and the heart, help remove excess fluid and prevent the formation of edema. In the currant a lot of vitamin P, A. There are also vitamins B1 and B2, carotene.
During the research it was found that coumarins and furocoumarins are present in the red currant. These substances prevent the development of tumors, anesthetize and have many other useful properties. Coumarin helps with excessive blood clotting.
Pectins have a pronounced beneficial effect on the human body:
- have a positive effect on immunity
- help restore the blood elements
- increase blood antioxidant activity
- reduce the adverse effects of drugs.
In addition to pectins, iodine content is increased in redcurrant berries.
Red currant berries improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal organs, remove excess salts, act as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Red currant "Natali" can grow on any fertilized soil. But fertile loams and sandy loamy soils with an arable horizon of more than 20-25 cm are considered the best. Light loamy soils provided with humus are well suited. Currants do not like high acidity, with a pH of less than 5.5 a year before planting, you need to lime the soil. Excessive dry areas are also not desirable for "natali".
Planting bushes is best in early spring or late September.
For seedlings choose flat areas of medium and elevated location with good illumination. Ideally for currants, a place near the fence that will protect the bush in windy weather is suitable. The site is cleaned of weeds.
Sapling deep into 5-10 cm in the ground. The branches are cut in half or more.
Currant does not need cross-pollination, but if it is available, the yield will increase, the berries will be born larger and more tasty. To this end, disparate currant varieties are planted on the plot.
Intervals among the bushes - meter and a half. The power area of each bush is 1-2 square meters. meter
In the process of planting fertilize horse manure or humus, it is useful to use superphosphates, potassium sulphate and wood ash.
Red currant "Natali" needs watering two or three times a week. For every bush you need a bucket of water twice a day. In the phase of fruiting, it is important to ensure sufficient moisture of the land to prevent a decrease in yield in the future.
Currants need root and foliar feeding and mulching. At the end of September, 100 grams of superphosphate and 30 grams of potassium chloride are introduced under each bush. The bush is mulched by horse humus in the area of the trunk circle. This will help protect the bush from early frosts and a snowless winter.
It is useful to make a transplant of currants in the fall or spring. To do this, prepare the well in advance, then the bush is well watered. Then it is dug out, having protected with a film, and planted.
Proper pruning will help increase the yield of the bush, as well as prevent the development of diseases.
The first pruning is carried out in the second or third year after disembarking in early spring before the buds swell or in late autumn until frost.
At the same time, four or six of the healthiest shoots are left, others are cut to the root, without hemp. Pruned old shoots (over 10 years) and the sick. Also remove the berry branches that are on the ground.
Thinning bush spend periodically to prevent the development of diseases and the occurrence of parasites.
Of the immature shoots are left the most hardy and straight. Sickly and uneven are removed.
Useful rejuvenation of adult bushes. To this end, cut off the old shoots every year. But to remove too many shoots at a time is not worth it, for the bush it will be a lot of stress.
On a properly cut bush, as a result, there should be 2-3 branches of different age categories, only 15-20 branches.
Currants are not very susceptible to disease. Among the diseases that can occur during life include:
- anthracnose - a fungal infection, manifested in the appearance of spots on the leaves and their drying,
- striped mosaic - a viral disease,
- powdery mildew.
To combat these diseases, solutions of copper sulfate, colloidal sulfur, nitraphine are used. All these tools are used carefully.
Warm weather combined with dampness contributes to the formation of anthracnose. Rainy summer - a favorable period for the development of the disease. Insects carry fungus spores to healthy leaves. Wind also contributes to the transfer of the fungus.
In winter, the causative agent of the disease lives in dry leaves, so it is important to remove them in time.
Anthracnose practically does not appear during the dry period.
To prevent anthracnose and other diseases in the fall, the bushes are treated with a solution of Bordeaux liquids.
To raise the immunity of the plant is used top dressing.
For the prevention of the appearance of diseases and pests follow the following rules:
- you need to grow a bush in a well-lit place,
- regularly pruning bushes,
- need to remove weeds in a timely manner
- it is important to fertilize
- beds must be cleared of weeds to eliminate pathogens on the site.
The self-fertile variety of medium early ripening is distinguished by a dense, rather compact bush of medium height. Its straight branches grow to 1.5 m, sometimes even higher, young green hairless shoots at the very tops are colored with red blush, and lignified trees acquire a grayish-brown color.
The entire length of the shoots on short petioles are elongated brownish-gray buds that cling to the twig. Of them, matte leathery, slightly wrinkled, five-lobed leaves of dark green color with a faint bluish tinge bloom. The leaves are medium in size, well opened towards the sun, at the very top of the shoots slightly wrapped downwards.
Quite large, as for a currant, cupped flowers with reddish-brown sepals with small petioles attached to a pubescent axial twig. The entire brush is 7–9 cm long. The brushes are evenly distributed along the entire length of the shoots, so that as the fruits ripen all over the bush, bright red garlands of berries gradually light up.
Fruits ripen in the second half of July, the adult bush brings 3 - 4 kg of very useful sour-sweet berries with an average weight of about 1 gr.
Due to the dry separation and dense skin, the berries are well stored and transported, but they do not need to be folded in a thick layer so that the lower ones are not crushed. Fruits of universal use are suitable for fresh consumption, boiling, freezing, drying.
Red currant of the Natali variety is a winter-hardy, productive variety that is resistant to most pests and diseases; it lasts for at least 10 years.
The compact dense bush over the years becomes more spreading, because under the weight of the fruits of the branches every year more and more deviate from the center to the ground. Many consider this a disadvantage, but, most importantly, to take into account this feature before planting - leave at least 1.5 m free space between bushes.
The formation of flowers and ovaries does not decrease after 3–4 years, as with most varieties of black currant, therefore it is not necessary to cut shoots of this age. A healthy adult bush should have 15 -20 shoots of different ages, over time, the bush grows to the sides, it can be divided into several - this is a simultaneous rejuvenation and reproduction.
The root system develops in depth, so it is desirable that the fertile layer of the earth was not only at the surface. Good watering during the ripening of the fruit guarantees a good harvest of the following year, the lack of moisture will affect the quality of the current crop less than the availability of the next one.
Cleaning the crop, it is important to raise the brush with the berries, and then tear off. If you pull the brush down, you can damage the fruit buds of the next crop.
The variety "Natalie" was introduced into the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1991 It was created by crossing different varieties in the VSTISP, the authors are the well-known domestic breeders V.M. Litvinova and N.K. Smolyaninova. Winter-hardy unpretentious variety calmly endures frosts to -30 degrees, if even colder winters are expected, the branches should be covered with foil, and the ground around the bush should be mulched to a height of 25 cm with horse manure or peat and humus.
The creators do not recommend growing "Natalie" in the Far East, in the lower reaches of the Volga and in the north of the country. But the reviews of gardeners show that when we are warming the currant is going through the winter without loss, only a warm period would be enough for the fruits to ripen.
Planting and care
It is possible to plant seedlings on a plot in the fall or in the spring, the main thing is that the earth should be wet and heated to a temperature of +15 degrees. This currant prefers flat or elevated sunny areas with fertile loam of neutral reaction or with slightly acid soil. Acid or alkaline soils are not very desirable.
Choosing a sapling, you need to pay attention to the root - 3 - 4 skeletal roots with length up to half a meter and numerous not dried side roots should be well formed. Shoots must be flat and long.
It is desirable to prepare the land in advance, clearing it from perennial grasses and all other weeds. You can mix the fertilizer with the ground taken out of the pit just before planting, but it is better to add it simultaneously with the digging, evenly distribute on a site of about 1 square meter for one bush.
It is recommended to bring several kilograms of compost or humus, a liter jar of wood ash, a couple of tablespoons of superphosphate, one spoonful of potassium sulfate. If the soil is too acidic, make lime. To make the heavy soil more breathable, add peat or river sand.
A hole is dug out with a depth of about 60 cm and a radius, fertile (fertilized) land is poured down, half a bucket of water is poured out, the roots are straightened, the ground is slightly covered with earth, and it is poured with plenty of water. It is important that after planting the bush firmly held in the ground, the root neck was covered with earth, and all the roots got a lot of water. The land around the bush at 0.5 m can be mulched.
This variety loves mulch over all its roots, so its area is gradually increased, bringing the radius to 1 m around the adult bush. The most nutritious and convenient mulch is made up of manure and river sludge. "Natalie" loves a lot of moisture (but not its stagnation), especially during the period of fruit ripening, therefore, more often it will have to be watered, not hoping for rain.
Dry summer is usually watered 2 times a week, pouring 1.5 to 2 buckets of water under each bush, you can do it in two steps - in the morning and evening. During the ripening of berries, currants are watered every other day.
From the third or fourth year of growth bushes need to be fed regularly. In the spring, humus or compost is usually applied, and in the fall - superphosphate and potash fertilizers. If you mulch with silt and manure, you will not need other fertilizing in the summer.
Be sure to weed out the weeds, without mulching still have to loosen the ground so as not to form a crust. Mulching will minimize the work of weeding and loosening.
Pruning currants should be done annually, usually they are engaged in early spring before the start of sap flow or in autumn. Fully clean old, dry or damaged shoots, cut areas need to be treated with garden pitch or wood ash. In the spring, frostbitten twigs are pruned, those that grow into the bush or completely fall to the ground, ensure that the bush does not become too thick - air and sunlight must freely get to each twig. Some gardeners recommend pruning shoots after planting up to 4 buds, and then in the fall each year shorten the shoots by a third, but one cannot say with certainty that this improves the crop.
Currant diseases and pests
The Natalie variety shows excellent resistance to most pests and diseases. If you do not allow thickening of the bush, waterlogging, do not allow weeds to grow nearby, then fungal diseases will not ruin the life of the currant. For the prevention of possible attacks of pests (and it can be aphid, gooseberry sawflies, currants glass), it is necessary to periodically scatter around the bushes wood ash, tobacco dust, spray the bushes with wormwood extract.
It is necessary to regularly collect and burn fallen leaves, pruned branches, dig up the ground around the bushes. Strong healthy plants that are protected by immunity, will not suffer from pests and diseases.
Category: Pen rascher 02
Red currant Natali is an ideal variety for growing in a garden. Bushes with berries amaze many people not only with high yield, but also with extraordinary beauty. After all, most varieties of red currant have small or medium-sized berries, while Natalie has large bright red fruits.
How to care for currant Natalie
But it is not enough just to plant a currant of this sort. In order to constantly get a bountiful harvest and enjoy the beauty of berry bushes throughout the whole season, you need to take care of proper care of this garden crop.
First of all, currants need to provide abundant constant watering. It is necessary to moisten the soil so that water does not fall on the leaves. Otherwise, burns may form on them if the sun is shining at this time. And the risk of infection with a fungal infection may increase several times.
Water the currant bush should be as drying earthen coma. Practice shows that when the hot dry summer, you need to water an adult large bush every 2 days. For good wetting of the soil requires about 10-15 liters of water.
Particular attention should be paid to the bushes during the fruiting period. At this time, the lack of moisture in the soil can cause deterioration in the quality of the variety. This will not manifest at once, but next year the fruits will become much smaller. Therefore, as soon as the currant blossoms, try to water it more often than usual.
Like any shrub plant, red currant varieties Natalie needs periodic pruning of shoots. While the bush is young, you do not need to trim it. But starting from the second year of life you can gradually introduce pruning. It is best to do this in the fall, when all the berries are gathered.
It is necessary to cut only woody shoots no more than half the length. It is important to rejuvenate the twigs from below, as they are the oldest. Обрезку необходимо производить при помощи садового секатора. В том случае, если в процессе работы будут задеты молодые ветки, нужно будет сразу места срезов обработать древесным углем.
As for the processing of slices of perennial shoots, they are also recommended to cover with garden pitch or sprinkle with coal. This will protect the hive from damage by harmful insects and from infection by bacterial infections.
In addition to pruning should also be insulated currant bushes for the winter. Despite the fact that the Natalie variety is considered to be frost-resistant, it can still not suffer too harsh winters and die. For this reason, it is rarely grown in the Far East and in the northern part of Russia.
The ideal option would be for the winter to mulch the soil around the bush with horse humus, and sprinkle it with foliage on top. It is best to use spruce or pine twigs. It is also recommended to cover the branches with plastic wrap, if severe cold is expected. This will certainly help protect currants from frost.
The variety of red currant Natali is ideal for growing both in the garden and in garden plots. Currant Natalie well fit into any landscape. After all, the width of a bush can be easily adjusted by trimming excess branches and installing wooden or metal supports. Berries of this variety are well tolerated in transportation and can be stored fresh for relatively long, which will certainly please gardeners.
The currant variety Natali was obtained in 1991 by crossing a number of other varieties by domestic breeders Smolyaninova and Litvinova. As a result, a unique unpretentious variety was introduced into the State Register of Breeding Achievements, without any problems experiencing even very severe frosts (up to -30 ° C).
The creators do not recommend planting a plant except in the Far East and the North. Plants will survive the local cold, if they provide additional insulation. But the summer in the designated regions is very short, and the red currant simply cannot mature.
Currant Natalie is an excellent choice for any garden plot.
Natalie is best suited for growing in the central and southern regions of Russia.
Agrotechnology and care
Grow a varietal shrub capable of any fertilized soil. But the most suitable is considered to be sandy soils, as well as loams. Currant Natalie is not too fond of high acidity soil. Such a soil about a year before planting should be proskankovat.
Do not plant Natalie on too dry areas. The plant loves moisture. The optimal time for planting - the beginning of spring or the first month of autumn. In order for the landing to take root successfully, you need to choose well-lit and medium-elevated areas, protected from the wind. Pre-site requires removal of weeds.
On a note. Every gardener knows that in order to get a good harvest, the fruit and berry crop must be properly maintained.
Red currant Natalie loves moisture. It will have to be watered at least twice a week. Each bush requires two buckets of water. Especially important is the sufficient soil moisture in the fruiting phase. However, the plant should not be poured either. Excess water can lead to decay of the root system.
For a good harvest of berries, watering should be regular.
Root and foliar feeding currant Natalie required without fail. In the autumn after harvest and before the onset of frost, about 100 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium chloride are added to each bush. After that, the bush is subjected to mulching with humus. The latter reliably protects the plant, both from early frosts and from a snowless winter.
Timely pruning can significantly increase the yield of currants. It also contributes to the development of some diseases in the shrub. The first pruning is done in the second year after planting the plant in open ground. This is done in early spring, before the kidneys have enough time to swell. As an option, it is allowed to perform the indicated manipulation in late autumn, after harvesting, but before the first frosts start on the soil.
When pruning usually leave no more than 6 of the most healthy shoots, and the rest are cut at the very root, leaving no stumps on the surface. It is necessary to clean old, diseased shoots, as well as berry branches, which are located directly on the soil.
Fight against diseases and parasites
Since Natalie is resistant to most diseases, the topic may seem irrelevant. But it is not. This is not about absolute immunity, but about resistance to infection. Accordingly, the plant may well under certain circumstances suffer from anthracnose, striped mosaic or powdery mildew. In the fight against these diseases are effective aqueous solutions of colloidal sulfur, nitrafene or copper sulfate.
Important! Solutions of colloidal sulfur, nitrafen and copper sulfate should be used with caution. They contain toxic and unsafe components for human health.
Especially high currant Natalie susceptible to the development of diseases in rainy summer weather. During dry periods, problems with the variety, as a rule, do not arise.
In any case, it is strongly recommended that, in the autumn, it is highly recommended to carry out additional treatment of bordeaux bushes with shrubs and use top dressing to increase immunity.
In general, in order to avoid contamination of currants with diseases and the appearance of harmful insects, it is often enough to follow the following simple rules:
- plant shrubs in areas well lit by the sun,
- regularly trim bushes,
- timely remove weeds,
- systematically fertilize currants.
Planting material can be bought already prepared or received on its own. In the latter case in the spring should pick up the strongest shoots and prikopat them so that the tip remains on the surface. Closer to the fall, the layers will have time to take root. When this happens, they are separated from the parent bush and transplanted into open ground to a permanent place.
In addition, the culture can be propagated by dividing the bush. Places of cuts in this case must be treated with crushed coal. And in the process of dividing the bush itself, make sure that each separated sapling has several rather strong roots.
Most often red currant Natalie propagated by cuttings
The third method used for breeding currant Natalie - cuttings. Cuttings are prepared in the fall. To do this, the shoot is cut into lengths of about 15 centimeters. Cuttings are placed for several months in moistened sand, where they are stored at + 2 ° C. After germination, the cuttings are stored in the cellar until spring, when they can be transplanted into open ground without any problems.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The above characteristic of the red currant variety Natali allows us to conclude that the merits of the variety are much greater than the disadvantages.
Among the advantages, first of all, the following should be noted:
- frost resistance
- excellent presentation
- storage time
- pleasant taste,
- unpretentious care,
- resistance to pests
- high resistance to most diseases
- high yield,
- fruiting over 10 years.
Negative estimates of a grade practically do not meet. Among the shortcomings we can mention perhaps the fact that by about the fifth year of growth the shrubs become too spreading. But this problem is easily solved by pruning and garters fruit culture.
Variety Natalie is optimal for both experienced and novice gardeners. Making a choice in his favor would be the right decision.
Description and characteristics
Consider the description and characteristics of the bushes and berries of red currant varieties "Natalie".
Bushes of red currant in height reach one and a half meters. On an adult healthy bush grows at least 15 shoots. The bark on the branches is colored gray-brown, and the young shoots have purple tips on the tops. The leaves are dull, medium-sized, saturated green color, which acquires a gray shade in the sun. The bush is thick and compact - currant branches grow strictly upward in the first few years, as it grows, it becomes more spreading.
The brush with berries growing on thin branches reaches 10 cm in length. On each brush grow rounded berries of a rich red color, slightly elongated at the base. The average weight of the berries is 0.7-1.0 g. The flesh is juicy with a small amount of seeds inside. Taste is sweet with light sourness.
Disease and pest resistance
One of The advantages of "Natalie" is its good stability to many garden diseases, as well as the effects of pests. However, the wrong choice of planting site and violation of the agrotechnology of growing red currant can reduce the plant immunity and make it more susceptible to the causative agents of such plants. fungal diseases:
- Mealy dew is a disease that is capable of infecting not only the plant, but also the soil around it, as well as rapidly spreading to other garden crops. For the treatment of powdery mildew, systemic fungicides are used that treat affected plants and the soil beneath them. For the prevention of using a solution of ash, which sprayed the bushes several times over the summer.
- Anthracnose - its pathogens begin to multiply actively on rainy days and at high humidity. To destroy the spores of this fungus used spraying Bordeaux liquid or copper sulphate. Disease prevention includes the elimination of excessive watering of currant bushes, timely pruning of shoots, as well as regular removal of fallen leaves and weeds growing under the plant.
- Septoria is a dangerous disease that can completely destroy your harvest. For the treatment of this disease, spray the bushes with systemic fungicides. Prophylactic actions include timely pruning of shoots, removal of weeds under a bush, and mulching.
To control the pests of the red currant (leaf aphid, gooseberry sawfly, currant glass bowl) use various insecticides that treat the damaged parts of the plant - “Fytoverm”, “Agravertin”, “Iskra DE”.
Preventive measures include:
- removal of affected leaves and shoots
- autumn digging around the shrubs
- periodic addition of wood ash to the soil.
Drought resistance and frost resistance
"Natalie" - moisture-loving varietybut tolerates dry days of summer. It is important to know that the lack of moisture during the flowering and the formation of berries can adversely affect the future yield of red currants. To avoid this, pay close attention to regular watering at this particular time.
This variety is not afraid of cold and can survive the frost -30 ° C. If a lower temperature is expected, then the bushes need additional hiding for the winter period.
Ripening period and yield
This grade medium early maturity, the first berries you can enjoy in the middle of July. Moreover, it is possible to collect up to 4 kg of very tasty sweet-sour berries from a single bush of red currant. The consistently high yield of “Natali” favorably distinguishes this variety among other varieties of garden currants.
Variety "Natalie" excellent transport over long distanceswithout losing its presentation and taste. In order to preserve the maximum amount of the harvested crop during transportation, experienced gardeners advise transporting “Natalie” in small containers, so you will ensure the safety of the lower layer of berries.
This is a table grade universal purpose. In fact, this means that these berries are equally tasty and healthy in both fresh and frozen form. Also, you can safely make jams, compotes and add it to pastries - a rich taste and aroma will not disappear even after heat treatment.
How to choose seedlings when buying
The selection of red currant seedlings is a very important matter, because the quality and quantity of your future crop depends on the quality of planting material. We have prepared for you useful information about how healthy and ready for outdoor planting should look like. red currant sapling:
- Each seedling must have a pair of strong shoots with a length of at least 30 cm.
- At each shoot there should be at least two healthy buds.
- The root system should consist of 3-4 coarsen yellow roots.
- The lateral roots are well developed and grow in large numbers.
Despite the simplicity in the care, the variety “Natalie” has special environmental requirements. Let's tell about them in more detail:
- The soil. For a good harvest and strong shoots, red currants require chernozem, loamy and sandy loam soils that are able to hold moisture in themselves (but it should not stagnate). In addition, in these types of soil lives a huge number of beneficial microorganisms that help the red currant roots to obtain the necessary elements. The recommended acidity is slightly acidic or neutral.
- Ideal landing site. Choose a well-lit place on the site, it is desirable that it was a gentle slope in the north-west direction, away from drafts and cold wind flows.
- The flow of groundwater. Groundwater should not be closer than 1 m to the surface. Too close proximity to the root system of red currants can cause the processes of its rotting, as well as provoke fungal diseases.
Time and landing scheme
Planting red currant seedlings is possible twice a year: in late April - early May and late September - early October. The main thing is that the soil should be warm enough (the temperature of the soil should not be below +15 ° C), moistened with recent precipitations, and also have a loose structure.
Having chosen the ideal place for planting seedlings, prepare this area before starting work - clean the soil from weeds and roots of other plants, carefully dig up the area and add fertilizer. It is best to use a mixture of humus, wood ash and superphosphate - mix the resulting fertilizer with the soil and evenly distribute it within a radius of one meter at the intended planting site of each bush. Remember that poorly mixed fertilizer can cause root burns and destroy the plant.
After you have purchased the Natalie seedlings and finished the preparatory work on the site, it is time to plant young red currant bushes in the open ground. The recommended size of the planting pit is 60 * 60 cm. A small layer of a mixture of soil and fertilizer is poured at its bottom and poured at least half a bucket of water. Prepared seedlings are placed in the center of the pit, gently straightening the root system and covered with soil. Planting currants: a - places of trimming growth, b - root collar. Soil should be tamped a little and watered abundantly. Pay attention to the root neck - it should be above the ground. To sprawling bushes was enough space for the full development of shoots, leave the distance between the bushes 1-1.5 m.
Basics of seasonal care
In order for red currant to grow well and make you happy with a good harvest, it is important to know the basics of seasonal care for this garden crop.
In summer, red currants are watered once a week, and on particularly hot days, watering is increased to 2 times a week. Recommended watering - 1.5-2 buckets of water heated to air temperature. Water procedures are especially important during the ripening of berries - during this period it is advisable to water the plant every other day.
In the care of the soil is its mandatory mulching. For the Natali variety, the most useful mulch is slurry or marsh silt. This procedure helps not only to retain moisture in the soil, but also contributes to its saturation with beneficial elements that have a beneficial effect on the growth of shoots and the quality of the crop. It should also be recalled the need for regular loosening of the space under the bush and removal of weeds, but using the soil mulching you can do without these procedures.
Red currant bushes begin to need regular fertilizing in the third year of life. In the spring, mainly organic fertilizers are applied - humus or compost, which must be diluted with water before use. In the fall, apply complex mineral supplements based on potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. This type of fertilizer is mixed with the soil in the autumn digging area.
For one summer season the bushes repeatedly need pruning. The very first pruning is carried out in early spring - it is important to have time before the plant “wakes up” and starts sap flow in the branches. This pruning involves the removal of dry, old and damaged shoots. After the procedure, all the slices are processed with crushed activated carbon. Через некоторое время по необходимости повторной обрезке подвергаются ветки, которые растут вглубь куста, а также слишком густые участки.If they are not thinned out, the air and sunlight will not reach the distant branches, and the berries will be formed only along the outer edge of the bushes.
Periodic sanitary scraps can be repeated, which include:
- removal of broken and dried branches,
- cutting of leaves and shoots with signs of disease or damaged pests,
- removal of underdeveloped branches with a small number of buds.
- in the third year, the top of the bushes is cut by 10-15 cm, 5-7 of the strongest and with the largest number of buds are left of all the branches, which then become the basis of the bush,
- in the fifth year they spend rejuvenating pruning of the shoots and, if necessary, thin out the bushes of red currant,
- in the seventh year, they make an obligatory rejuvenating pruning of the shoots; old and deformed branches are removed.
Winter cold protection
Despite the fact that “Natalie” is not afraid of winter frosts, do not neglect covering up the bushes for the winter. It is best to cover the bush and the space around the bushes with a thick layer of humus or river sludge, such mulching for the winter not only saves the red currants from the cold, but also serves as an excellent protection from rodents and other small pests who are not averse to eat thin shoots.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Select the main merits varieties of red currant "Natalie":
- high yield and long term fruiting,
- the ability to transport berries over long distances without losing their shape and taste,
- unpretentious care,
- good resistance to winter frosts
- good resistance to many garden diseases.
According to many gardeners, the only disadvantage "Natalie" can be called lowering her shoots under the weight of the berries in different directions. When planting seedlings on the site should take into account this feature of the variety and leave additional space between the bushes.
Description varieties Natalie
Differs currant thick weakly sprawling bushes of medium height. Lumbery shoots have an average thickness and green color with a reddish tinge on the tops. they grow straight and completely devoid of pubescence. For lignified shoots characterized by a brown-gray color and average thickness. Puffiness on them is also not observed.
Solitary oblong kidneys large size are located on short stalks and have a pointed tip. They are characterized by the absence of downiness and brown-gray color. Kidney tightly pressed to escape.
On the bushes grow leaves of medium size, having a green color with a blue tint. The leaves are dull, wrinkled and leathery. They consist of five blades.
Leaf blade equipped with a wavy edge with sharp teeth of a large size. The size of the average blade of the sheet exceeds the value of the side blades. Petioles are green and have a medium size.
For flowers characteristic large size and cupped shape. They are equipped with slightly bent free sepals of brownish-red color and medium-sized petioles. The axis is of medium thickness and is covered with fluff.
They are rounded and slightly elongated to the base. These berries are characterized by dry peel and deep red color. They are covered with a thick skin that makes them suitable for transportation. Inside the berries is a small amount of medium-sized seeds. The berries are located on the hands, the length of which can be from seven to nine centimeters.
The berries have a pleasant sweet-sour taste and are estimated at 4 points according to the tasting scale. Due to this, the variety is often used for making jam, especially in combination with summer varieties of apples, to which Pavlusha, Orlinka, Scarlet Early, Grushivka and Daughter Papirova belong.