General information

Chickens sneeze and cough - how to save livestock


Early treatment will help prevent mortality.

  • In case of colds and bronchial diseases it is necessary to once again check the conditions of detention: the house must be dry, without drafts and warm evenly over the entire area.
  • Avoid crowding of birds more than the content.
  • Water should be fresh, and the diet should contain the necessary micronutrients and vitamins.
  • When cooling and increasing the risk of colds, youngsters need to drink a decoction of nettle - this is an effective popular method.
  • It is recommended to treat the chicken coop with smoke grenades.
  • The diseased bird should be immediately removed from the herd, it should be closed in a separate enclosure and disinfection of the chicken coop with iodine and chlorine-containing preparations should be carried out.
  • Immediately you need to start strengthening the poultry's immunity by adding vitamin preparations and trace elements to the drinking water.

  • When chickens sneeze, powder them with streptocide. Do not forget that there may be innocuous explanations for sneezing: a litter of small chips, which, getting into the nose, causes irritation, or the bird can simply choke, or snore in a dream.
  • If symptoms are limited only to the respiratory system, bronchodilators will help: mukaltin, licorice root, bronholitin.
  • You can crush one-fourth of a ciprofloxacin tablet, make it loose in water, and pour it into the throat. Effective with throat diseases lysobact.

Wheezing and coughing are signs of many diseases that are difficult for the farmer to identify: it can be a virus, an infection, and even tuberculosis or worms.

If the disease is unclear, the affected individual is taken to a veterinarian who conducts laboratory tests to determine the causative agent and recommends what to do next. Helps in the diagnosis of the study of fresh corpses of chickens.

Antibiotic treatment

In the treatment of colds and bronchial diseases, antibiotics are indispensable. Antibiotics should be started immediately, if the following signs appear in chickens:

  • red eyes,
  • wheezing, sneezing and coughing
  • white discharge began to appear from the beak,
  • breathing sounds gurgling,
  • the bird became inactive, lost interest in food.

  • The duration of antibiotic therapy is 5 days. Baytril, streptomycin, erythromycin, oxytetracycline, spiramycin and lincomycin are mainly used.
  • Mycoplasmosis is well treated with Tiamulin, and to return reproductive abilities, Tiposin is used.
  • If only one bird is sick in the livestock, the whole herd is treated. When adding antibacterial drugs to feed for the treatment of livestock, 200 g of the drug per ton of feed is introduced.
  • Intensive antibiotic therapy affects sick chickens, which the drug is diluted with water according to the instructions and buried from the pipette into the beak.
  • The use of antibiotics depends on the breed of chickens. For example, broiler chickens use a broad-spectrum antibiotic Enrofloxacin or Baytril (for prevention) from the third day of life, simply by adding to the water. Even if one hen fell ill from a herd of antibiotic therapy, all birds are exposed. After antibiotic therapy for two weeks you can not eat poultry meat and eggs.

Colds in chickens are the most common. The main cause of the disease: violation of conditions of detention, hypothermia, drafts. The following symptoms are indicative of the development of a cold:

  • hen is breathing heavily
  • she breathes open mouth
  • chickens sneeze, can wheeze,
  • a snot appears from the nose, a runny nose begins,
  • cough begins.

Colds should begin to heal as early as possible. Otherwise, it may be aggravated by serious bronchial complications.


Infectious laryngotracheitis is a respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the trachea, nasal cavity, conjunctiva and accompanied by heavy breathing, wheezing, coughing. The incubation period lasts from a couple of days to a month.

The first symptoms may appear in 3-7 days. In the acute course of the disease, individual individuals are first infected, and in a week the whole chicken coop. A sick chicken is observed:

  • lethargy and general oppression,
  • loss of appetite,
  • inactivity
  • the presence of whistling and croaking sounds in the larynx,
  • breathing through the open beak,
  • the bird may start coughing up blood
  • in connection with swelling of the larynx, the bird may experience choking attacks or the bird shakes its head when it begins to choke, its neck is stretched,
  • the cock loses its voice
  • may begin to swell the head.

If chickens are not treated, they begin to go blind. Mortality in the acute form of laryngotracheitis reaches 60%.

Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bronchitis is a new disease that can cause the death of the entire population. It can be easily confused with a cold, but if there is no recovery from the treatment, then infectious bronchitis should be suspected.

The causative agent of the disease is a coronavirus, persistent in the environment, which can survive for several weeks on the feathers of birds, and survive on eggs for up to 10 days. The most susceptible pathologies are chickens under the age of 30 days.

The source of infection is not only sick chickens, but also those who have been sick, being carriers for more than three months. The person working in the house can even be the distributor of the infection, and even the inventory.

Contribute to the spread of the virus: bedding and drinking trough infected with secretions of sick birds.

Symptoms of the disease are as follows:

  • the chickens wheeze: the nasopharynx is filled with mucus, while inhaling a whistling sound is heard,
  • start sneezing
  • chicks start pulling necks to inhale
  • conjunctivitis develops,
  • then cough.

Older chickens have abnormalities in the reproductive system. In this age group, the following phenomena can be noted:

  • egg formation is disturbed (the shell becomes discolored, thinner and softened, growths and bumps appear on it),
  • Egg-sweetness worsens. A layer while walking lowers its wings and drags its legs.

For the spread of infection is enough for only three days. The virus is transmitted by air and is active within a kilometer radius. Sick chickens die at 35%.


More often, bronchopneumonia is the result of a cold that has not been cured. Bronchopneumonia is a dangerous complex disease that causes bird death.

  • staphylococcal or pneumococcal infections of the upper respiratory tract, gradually spreading to the underlying segments,
  • adverse effects of dampness or drafts,
  • complication of bronchitis.

More often sick with bronchopneumonia 2, 3-week-old young.

  • breathing sick chickens becomes heavy, she breathes with an open beak,
  • bumps are heard,
  • the chickens begin to sneeze, cough and runny nose appear,
  • sick chickens become lethargic, sedentary, they cannot eat and drink themselves,
  • sit disheveled separately.

Already on the second day the loss of livestock can begin.


Mycoplasmosis is an infectious disease that affects chickens and is the result of excessive dampness in the house and poor ventilation.

The microorganisms Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae infect the respiratory organs and the eyes. Usually, young immunocompromised youngsters are susceptible to the disease.

  • from mother to posterity
  • through the water in drinking bowls,
  • by air.

Chickens become infected very quickly due to the fact that the latent period of the disease can reach three weeks. If chickens and chickens sneeze, to save livestock, you must immediately isolate the diseased.

The pathogen enters the mucous membranes, inhibits respiratory and reproductive organs, affects the immune system. Juveniles are most susceptible to death as a result of this disease.

The virus can even infect an egg, so infected eggs and eggs from a sick mother should be immediately destroyed. A particular danger of mycoplasmosis is that any other bird can be infected by chickens: ducks, turkeys.


Colibacteriosis more often can cause youngsters up to 2 weeks of age. The duration of the incubation period is 3 days. In acute form, the bird's body temperature rises by one and a half or two degrees, thirst appears, a sick bird loses its appetite, then its weight and weakens. First, she suffers from constipation, after a while diarrhea begins. Death is inevitable from intoxication and emerging sepsis. If the treatment is ineffective, the acute form quickly becomes chronic.

Symptoms are increasing gradually. Vivid signs of illness are:

  • diarrhea,
  • change in appearance - the bird sits disheveled and with dirty feathers,
  • strong thirst
  • due to lack of appetite, the individual loses weight,
  • after a couple of weeks, shortness of breath and cough appear,
  • chickens wheeze and often sneeze,
  • there is a scream and a crunch in the sternum,
  • the bird twists its head unnaturally.

Even if the sick chicken has been cured, its development stops there.


Aspergellosis is caused by the fungus Aspergillus, which affects the respiratory system. Aspergella is transmitted through feed grains: excessive dampness contributes to its reproduction.

  • dyspnea,
  • heavy breathing with dry rales,
  • birds all the time look tired and sleepy.

In the acute course of the disease, mortality reaches 80%. A regular check of feed grain, treatment of grain storage sites with antifungal agents, regular cleaning of the hen house and replacement of the underlay will help prevent outbreaks.

Aspergellosis is treated with antifungal agents and the addition of copper sulfate to food and water for several days.

General symptoms

Many bird diseases begin with wheezing.

  • The breathing of a sick bird is very different from healthy breathing: whistling and screaming are heard. In the respiratory tract of the bird accumulates mucus, causing the occurrence of uncharacteristic sounds during breathing.

These early signs indicate the onset of colds, bronchial or other diseases.

As soon as the chicken begins to wheeze or sneeze, it should immediately be isolated from the herd and the cause of the disease should be established in order to assign effective treatment. Otherwise, one bird can infect everyone in the hen house.

Treatment methods

What to do and how to treat a chicken if it breathes heavily, wheezes, sneezes and coughs?

How is cough treatment - read further:

  1. First of all, when coughing and wheezing, it is necessary to ventilate and dry the room where the birds are kept. It should also be insulated if it is very cold there.
  2. Note that when coughing, the temperature of the air in the chicken coop should not be below 15 degrees.
  3. If chickens sneeze, wheeze and cough, the treatment is to give feathers of nettle instead of ordinary water.
  4. Coughing and wheezing chickens can be eliminated with regular inhalation. For example, in such cases you can use Izatizon or analogues.

In the event that chickens cough and sneeze, and wheezing accompanies sputum, the treatment scenario is slightly different.

What do we have to do:

  1. Specialists often prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or bronchodilators for such birds. But it is better not to work on your own, in any case, we recommend consulting with a veterinarian.
  2. If the form of the disease is severe, then it will not be possible to get rid of anti-inflammatory drugs alone - it is necessary to use antibiotics, a full course.

If your bird sneezes and coughs with a hoarse, then this is not a reason to immediately stuff it with antibiotics. Many have heard that chickens die from wheeze, but this is in those cases if the birds have weak immunity.

In fact, some doctors confirm the need to give injections with antibiotics, others prescribe the use of inhaler medicines:

  1. For example, for inhalation, you can use specialized smoke bombs. They can be applied immediately to the whole brood of chickens.
  2. If you see that wheezing and coughing does not appear in all chickens, then the infected individuals should be sown from the whole brood as soon as possible. What to do next: you will treat only them, and you can only bring them back to the rest of the chickens when they recover.

Today, young chickens are often vaccinated in farms. Accordingly, they get sick much less often, but often they are carriers of various diseases. Often, when young chickens sit down to more adult chickens, the latter sneeze and cough, but the former do not. This means that young people have immunity to disease, unlike old ones. What to do?

Drugs should be added to the feeder:

  • Tetracycline tablets or drops,
  • Sulfadimezin,
  • or furasolidone.

In any case, before proceeding with self-treatment, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. Only a doctor will be able to prescribe the right treatment, which will not aggravate the situation, but on the contrary, will help to cure the sick. Often, farmers resort to self-treatment, which leads to negative consequences.

If the chicken suffers from mycoplasma, then in this case only antibiotics will help.

  • Streptomycin,
  • Chlortetracycline,
  • Oxytetracycline,
  • Lincomycin,
  • Spiramycin,
  • Erythromycin, etc.

As for the dosage, it should be at least 200 grams per ton of feed. In this case, the bird is treated for at least five days.

Preventive measures

As for preventive measures:

  1. The first step is to disinfect the hatching eggs and the incubators themselves.
  2. Since most of the diseases listed above are infectious, it is also necessary to disinfect the room where chickens are kept (if they are not kept in an incubator). Carefully disinfect the drinking bowl and the feeder, replace the straw with a new, old one - burn it.
  3. If your birds have respiratory mycoplasmosis, they should also be treated with aerosols prescribed by a veterinarian with medical preparations.
  4. If your chickens are suffering from infectious bronchitis, then the entire diseased brood should be sent for slaughter, in this case, the treatment is unlikely to help. Conditionally healthy chickens should be used to get eggs, but later they will also need to be sent for slaughter.
  5. If you own a poultry farm and grow broilers, then any sanitary marriage should be subjected to technical disposal. Patients should be sent for industrial processing to the poultry processing plant.
  6. If you, having come into a room where chickens are kept, feel that it is wet there, then it should be aired. It is recommended to do it from time to time regardless of whether it is wet there or not. Before winter, it must be warmed to avoid the occurrence of the disease.
  7. If at least one coughing bird is detected, it is recommended to isolate it until it has infected the other individuals.

Treating chickens when sneezing and coughing

If the chicken wheezes, what to do, how to treat it? The answer to this question will depend on the cause of the symptoms:

  • If chickens wheeze for colds, then you need to change the conditions of the birds (to insulate the chicken coop, to remove excess moisture), to begin to improve the health of chickens, offering them a decoction of nettle and other medicinal herbs. An undoubted advantage in preventing the development of diseases will be spraying the hen house with essential oils (as a special case, the use of special smoke bombs).

Important: the acceptable temperature in the room provided to chickens should not be below 15 °. Remember: chickens start wheezing from hypothermia (the key cause of losses associated with the economy).

  • If wheezing in chickens is the symptoms of bronchitis, then it is enough to start using lugol and disinfectants (for example, aluminum iodide). Plus it is necessary to adjust the conditions of the birds.
  • If chickens cough and sneeze with bronchopneumonia, then you should immediately start using antibiotics, as well as disinfect the chicken coop and the surrounding area.
  • Severe coughing and wheezing of chickens caused by mycoplasmosis pathogens are treated with special antibiotics such as streptomycin or spiramycin.
  • If the diagnosis is colibacteriosis with all the consequences, such as breathing in chickens with wheeze, then the birds will have to be treated with antibiotics: biomycin, syntomycin, or terramycin (every livestock owner must have it). In this case, one course of treatment is 5 days.
  • Wet cough in chickens is treated with bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • To restore egg production, it is enough to carry out treatment with typosine. This is an injection, which is administered to affected individuals at the rate of 3 mg per 1 kg of weight.

It is important: if chickens wheeze and cough, and even more so - die from wheeze, you can not eat their meat and products for food. The same applies to the course of therapy in Kurchat.

In any case, the wheezing of the chicken was barely heard or it became clear that the chickens were coughing, they had difficulty breathing, the first action was to isolate the infected individuals. But the best option is to take preventive measures in advance so that the birds do not get sick: check the condition of the chicken coop, strengthen the livestock immunity. What should not be done is to lower everything on the brakes or to self-medicate: in the first case, hope at random can lead to the aggravation of the disease, and in the second case this drug or a confused dose can cause death of the livestock. Важно при возникновении симптомов обратиться к ветеринару.

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