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Cortaderia - decorative grass from the pampas

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Cortaderia Cello (Cortaderia selloana) or Pampas grass is a perennial herb of the family of cereals (bluegrass). Grown exclusively for decorative purposes. When creating favorable conditions, it reaches a height of 2.5-3 m - the bush monumental rises on the dacha.

The leaves of the lanceolate form, very long, are located at the root of the lush mound, have an elegant curve. They are tough, have a green matte shade, there are varieties with a longitudinal stripe of white or cream color.

On the tops of thin, but durable peduncles fluffy paniculate inflorescences are located, which are not afraid of either cold or snow, decorating the garden all year round. The colors are very bright: pink, purple, golden panicles look no less impressive.

Cortaderia in park design photo

Dense thickets of pampas grass sway when the wind blows, creating an atmosphere of calm and harmony.

The name of the plant is derived from the Spanish word cortar - “cut”. This is due to the sharp edges of the leaf plates of the plant. In the natural environment, the cortaderia is distributed throughout the steppes of South America (pampas) and on the Pacific islands. Due to its origin, the plant received the second name - pampas grass.

Propagation of cortaderia by dividing the bush

Perhaps seed and vegetative reproduction.

Shrub dividing is the easiest way since thickets grow quickly. Carry out the procedure in the spring with the establishment of this heat. Using a shovel, separate a part of the bush (even there is no need to dig out the bush completely) and, together with the earth lump, transplant to a new place.

Growing cortaderia from seeds at home

Seeds of cortaderia pampas grass look like photos

When seed breeding cortaderia should grow seedlings. Seed pampas grass spend in March and April. It is advisable to stratify the seeds beforehand (for about 1 month, keep them in the vegetable section of the refrigerator). For sowing, you will need flat containers and a sand-peat mixture. Fill containers with soil, level. You can plant several seeds in peat tablets.

  • The seeds are very small - they should be less often spread on the surface of the soil, only slightly pressing down, moisten with a fine spray.
  • Germinate at room temperature, the room should be well ventilated. Provide diffuse lighting.

Cortaderia grass seed planting seedling photos

  • After 10-14 days sprouts seem.
  • Water moderately.
  • Grown up plants very carefully spread out in separate pots and grow up in bright ambient light, providing moderate watering and room temperature.
  • A couple of weeks before transplanting into the open ground, the hardening of seedlings is carried out: take it out for a few hours in the daytime, gradually increase this time, bringing it up to a day.

Cortaderia grass seed planting seedling photos

  • Landing in open ground spend with the establishment of this heat.
  • With seed reproduction, flowering begins in the 5th year of growth.

How to plant

  • Transfer the seedlings of cortaderia along with an earthy ball.
  • Sprinkle with earth, pour in copiously.
  • The root collar should be slightly deepened (this applies to both seedlings and delenok) to protect the bushes from freezing.
  • Neighboring crops should be located at a distance of about 1.5 m from the bush.

Cortaderia is drought-resistant, but for normal development, ensure regular watering. In the period of prolonged drought, bring about 20 liters of water under each bush with a frequency of 3-4 days.

Diseases and pests

The plant is resistant to diseases and pests, they are extremely rarely disturbed.

Possible diseases: powdery mildew, anthracnose. It is necessary to remove the affected areas and treat them with a fungicide.

With very dry and hot weather, the plant can damage the spider mite. Occasionally aphid appears. In the spring and summer in order to prevent the treatment with insecticides.

On a note

  • When carrying out spring pruning, be careful: in the thickets you can find hedgehogs.
  • The leaves of the pampas grass are very tough: always wear gloves and clothes in long sleeves, protect your eyes.
  • Leaves can be forgiven on the ground: do not plant the court in the courtyard near the garden paths.
  • Bushes grow rapidly, creating whole plantations. At home, the local population of Kortadier even has to be burnt.

Cortaderia in landscape design

Cortaderia Pampas grass silvery in landscape design photo

The most spectacular bushes of cortaderia look on open spacious areas. Pampas grass is used to create a hedge, as a background mixborder, solo can be planted among the trees, combined with shrubs.

Cortaderia in landscape design photo

Framing ponds thickets of cortaderia - a spectacle of amazing beauty. Beneficially emphasize rocky gardens with large boulders.

Cortaderia in the design of the summer cottage photo

Combine with tall light-loving plants: vervain, yarrow, crocosmia, euphorbia, kosmey, artichoke, rudbeckia, echinacea, perovskiy, with other herbs and decorative cereals.

Cortaderia Sello Pink Pampas Grass Pink Pink Pampas Grass - Cortaderia selloana Rosea

Cortaderia Cello Rosea Cortaderia selloana Rosea

Rosea (Pink) - reaches a height of 2 m. Panicles have inflorescences of silver-pink shade.

Cortaderia Pink Smokey Pink variety Rendatleri photo

An interesting variety of Rendatleri with ash-pink inflorescences.

Cortaderia Cello Pink Cultivar Cortaderia selloana Pink Feather photo

Pink Feather - bushes about 2 m in height with pinkish-colored inflorescences, green-gray leaves.

Cortaderia silver Cortaderia Silver

Cortaderia silver Cortaderia Sunningdale Silver photo

Sunningdale Silver - inflorescences have a silvery shade.

Cortaderia silver Silver Stripe photo

Silver Stripe is a two-meter bush with inflorescences of white-silver shade, leaves are variegated: silver-white stripes are on the edges.

Cortaderia beige

Cortaderia beige Pumila photo

Pumila - height is about 1.5 m. The inflorescence is yellow-silver hue.

Cortaderia Cello Patagonia Patagonia Photo

Patagonia - reaches a height of 2 m, inflorescences of a beige-silver shade, the leaves are gray-green.

Cortaderia white

Cortaderia Splendid White Star photo in the garden

Splendid Star - the height of the bush is limited to 1.5 m. The panicle is milky white, the leaves have a golden-green tint.

Cortaderia Sello white variety Cortaderia selloana - ‘Monstrosa’ photo

Monstrosa - height is 2 m, the leaves have a gray tint, inflorescences are white, with long, drooping silky locks.

Description of varieties and varieties of pampas grass

Cortaderia is a genus of herbs, comprising 25 species, commonly found in the dry Argentine steppes. The name of the plant was due to the sharp thin leaves, "court" - in Spanish means "cut." Green stalks of cereal rise to three meters, and their tops are decorated with a lush inflorescence of 0.3–0.5 m long. Pampas grass blooms in August and ends in October. Of particular attractiveness are plants with female flowers.

Attention! Cortaderia is a dioecious plant.

Of all the species, only Cortaderia selloana (Sello) is actively cultivated in horticulture. Based on the species, new interesting varieties have been developed:

  • Pink (fast-growing variety with pink inflorescences),
  • Sunningdale Silver (silvery inflorescences, unpretentious and hardy),

  • Splendid Star (undersized variety with white inflorescences),
  • Pumila (Pumila - undersized plant with silvery yellow inflorescences),

  • Aureolineata c.s. Gold Band (tall variety with decorative yellow-green foliage).

Sometimes found in the culture of cortaderia Jubata. This is one of the largest species, the stems of which can reach seven meters.

The leaves of cortaderia are rough, depending on the variety differ in color. They can be not only green, but also bluish or with silver patina. In the countries of South America, a leaf of cereal is used to make paper. As fodder grass, cardadia is practically not grown.

Interestingly, in some states, for example, in New Zealand, the cortaderia is completely prohibited. The invasiveness of a plant is to blame - the ability to spread over large areas, displacing other species. Only chemical weeding helps to cope with the “invasion”. In Europe, pampas grass was used for decoration in the time of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). Since then, about 20 varieties of this cereal have been bred.

Planting cortaderia, plant care

Pampas grass is surprisingly unpretentious to the type of soil. The plant is able to grow luxuriantly on clayey stony soils, acidified areas, poor sandstones. The only thing that Cortaderia will not tolerate is strong shading and marshiness. Direct sunlight will promote rapid growth and flowering.

At home, the cartode grows so much that you have to burn entire fields. In our climate, we don’t have to face such a problem, as the pampas grass dies during severe frosts.

Early spring is the best time to plant. Do it in two ways:

In autumn, a huge number of seeds ripen on female plants, the germination rate of which is almost 100%.

For the entire season, cortaderia practically does not require care and attention. The pond grass will survive the most arid and hot days without artificial watering. The roots go deep into the soil, providing it with everything you need.

Cortaderia is not able to tolerate frosts below -12 ° C. It will therefore require complete shelter in areas with cold winters. Most often, in such a climate is grown as an annual.

Pruning is an indispensable item in the care of a plant. Old, withered leaves are removed. Do it in gloves so as not to cut your hands. Curtain attached neat, rounded shape.

Propagation of cortaderia, fertilizing plants with fertilizers

The seeds of cortaderia are sown in spring in open ground or in containers. The second method is more reliable, since there is no probability of seed destruction by rodents and insects. To do this, prepare the boxes with loose, slightly damp soil. Seeds are not buried, but simply laid out on the surface slightly pressing down. Covered with a package of capacity, leave in a warm, bright place. Air temperature should not fall below +18 С °. Light day - at least eight hours. Shoots will appear in 7-10 days.

Transplantation into the open ground is carried out when the plants reach 10–15 cm. The distance between the young stumps is made at least 1 m, so the bushes will not interfere with each other and will spread freely. At the time of planting can be made fertilizing complex of mineral fertilizers. Other fertilizing for the season the plant is not required.

Well reproduced cortaderia division. For this you will need cuttings with leaves and roots, they are planted in any other place. This method is suitable for those areas where pampas grass is grown as perennial. Procedures performed in the spring.

What plants are combined pampas grass, diseases and pests of cortaderia

Like many cereals, cortaderia is resistant to diseases and is rarely affected by any insects.

When planting a decorative grass in my plot, you should remember the unpleasant properties of its stems. It is not recommended to use the casteria near the footpaths and near the entrance of the house. In the long sharp leaves it is easy to get confused and cut your hands. This is especially true of families with small children.

Large plants such as cortaderia, are well suited for the background design of flower beds of the precast type. If the site has an artificial pond, you can plant a culture along the shore. Inflorescences will be beautifully reflected on the water surface. The effect will add decomposed stones of different shapes. Here, on moderately wet soils, the company of cortaderia can be:

  • valerian,
  • livistous lashbill,
  • sugarflower miscanthus,
  • groundflower Kamchatka,
  • delphinium hybrid.

Some gardeners grow pampas grass as a hedge, its thick undergrowth will hide the area from prying eyes.

It also combines cortaderia with other tall cultures: high-pitched, gypsophilous paniculata, cardio-lined catarrh, astrantia, small, and beautiful teleky. These plants, like Cortaderia, are drought-resistant, so the whole composition does not require special care.

Pampas grass is also used for single planting. In large areas with poor soil, the grass successfully grows and blooms profusely until autumn.

In more fertile areas, the cortaderia is combined with the usual garden flowers: dahlias, asters, rudbeckia. The main thing is that the plants do not interfere with each other, combined in color and size.

Growing as in the photo cortaderia, not so often seen in the courtyards of houses, this decorative grass is quite exotic. Having planted a pampas grass on a site you, undoubtedly, will please yourself and surprise neighbors.

Growing tips

Silver and pink cortage can be propagated by seed or rhizome division. As already mentioned, it is indifferent to the fertility and acidity of the soil; it will grow even in a clay or rocky area. But the more sun the plant receives, the larger and more spreading bushes will form.

1. Seed method. Preparation begins in late March or early April. Seeds have a very good germination, but they need preliminary stratification. Then they are placed in a moistened substrate, and the container is left in a warm room with good ventilation. The first sprouts of pampas grass will appear in about 2 weeks (by the way, you can buy already grown seedlings). As soon as the warm weather is stable, young plants are transplanted into the open ground. Sometimes they are left in a container on the street.

2. Division. The optimal time depends on the climate. It is necessary to wait until it becomes warmer, and the perennial will begin to awaken. Then you can divide the bush into parts with pieces of rhizome and plant in a permanent place.

In the future, the grass grows perfectly, transplants are not required. If its desire to actively occupy new areas is not included in the design of your garden, then simply install around restrictors, for example, sheets of iron. In the spring you can chop too overgrown roots.

Care Tips

Cortaderia tolerates drought without problems. In any case, its deep root system will reach the water and help it survive, but the pampas grass will respond well to abundant watering. It is indifferent to pests and almost not subject to disease. True, severe winter frosts can be disastrous for her. Therefore, as a perennial, the cortage usually manages to grow only in regions with a mild climate. Then the plant is left to winter in the open ground, around the bush put the net and construct a shelter of dry foliage and straw. You can plant pampas grass in pots and tubs, which with the onset of cold weather are transferred to the premises, and in the spring they are again exposed to fresh air.

The only mandatory part of regular care will be pruning pampas grass, it will help to give the plantings a neat shape. It is better to remove old leaves, otherwise they will clog the curtains and spoil the appearance. The leaves are sharp, so it is advisable to work in gloves.

Application in landscape design

As you can see, the landing and care of the cortade will not really take much strength. But the pampas grass will allow you to create spectacular accents in landscape design, especially as a plant for expressive vertical lines.

In general, the plant belongs to the category of garden dwellers who need open space and open space. For a very compact area, you may have to choose something less dimensional or plant separate small groups. Neighbors such as yarrow, euphorbia, verbena, kosmeya, giant rudbeckia, echinacea, as well as various cereals and ornamental grasses are suitable for pampas grass.

Cortaderia looks great in an alpine hill, among stones and near artificial ponds, on a lawn, in soliternyh plantings. It can be placed along the fence or terrace, create a beautiful background in the flower garden. In an informal garden, planting is placed among the trees; in the fall, silver panicles will stand out remarkably against the background of gold and purple foliage. Do not forget about cutting - beautiful dried flowers stand for a very long time.

Botanical description

In botany, a plant is described as follows:

  • stem - height up to 2-3 m, forms thick turf,
  • leaves - elongated, linear, pointed, curved arc,
  • inflorescence - a very lush panicle of silver color, 30-50 cm long,
  • flowers - mostly small, male - naked, female - with a long silky edge look pinkish or silvery white, bloom from August to October
  • dioecious plant - male and female flowers are on different individuals.

Spread

The plant is cultivated on the territory of North America, Europe and Australia, and in the garden culture is found from the Victorian era. Its dried fluffy panicles are often used in various flower arrangements.

Cortaderia easily adapts to any climatic conditions. In the wild, it is found in South America, where it is a weedy crop and is used to make paper.

Popular varieties

Кортадерия насчитывает много разных сортов, наиболее популярные из них следующие:

  • Andes Silver. Стебли — высота до 2 м, соцветия — бело-серебристые, довольно холодостойкий сорт, на севере нуждается в укрытии на зиму.

  • Monstrosa. Stems - height up to 2 m, inflorescences - large and white, leaves - gray-green.

  • Patagonia. Stems - height up to 2 m, inflorescences - white-silver, leaves - gray-green, rather cold-resistant variety.

  • Pumila. Stems - height up to 1.2 m, inflorescences - snow-white, leaves - gray-green, the most cold-resistant variety.

  • Pink feather. Stems - height up to 2 m, inflorescences - pinkish, leaves - gray-green.

  • Rosea. Stems - height up to 2 m, inflorescences - white-silver with a slight pinkish tinge.

  • Sunningdale silver. Stems - height up to 2.3 m, inflorescences - white.

Conditions of detention

Pampas grass is best grown in open and sunny areas. When choosing a landing site, preference should be given to the site, closed from the wind and drafts. The grass grows well on rocky slopes, but in this case it has less decorative effect and may even stop blooming.

The plant tolerates any conditions well - drought, strong humidity, hot weather or slight frosts. However, for the winter in the middle lane, and even more so in the north, it is better to shelter it.

Soil and fertilizer

Pampas grass is completely unpretentious and it is suitable soil of any acidity, as long as it is fertile and well drained. Cortaderia lands in a hole to a depth of its root with a landing step of 1.5-2 m.

The pit is digging a little wider than the roots of the seedling; drainage from pebbles, gravel or expanded clay and a pair of compost buckets are placed in the bottom of the pit.

Every year in early spring you should feed the plant with complex mineral fertilizers.

Pruning of flowered inflorescences and dead foliage is done in spring.

Watering and moisture

Pampas grass - a plant that can withstand both high humidity and drought. However, for its normal development requires regular watering. The amount of water depends on the size of the plant; in the hot season, one adult bush needs an average of 1-2 buckets of water every 3-4 days.

Vegetative

Cortaderia grows very well, so problems should not arise with vegetative reproduction. The bush is divided after frosts - at the end of winter or early spring, for which the aerial part of the plant is cut with shears and the bush is dug out.

Next, you need to carefully divide it into separate processes and land in prepared holes.

For planting, small pits are digging no more than 40 cm in depth and width when the distance between seedlings is 1.5 m. At the bottom of the pit it is necessary to provide drainage from pebbles or gravel, also to fill manure, compost or peat. Carefully, trying not to damage the roots, plant the plant in the ground. Sprinkle with earth and water well.

Cortaderia tolerates cold quite well, but does not like it in combination with considerable humidity of the earth and air. Therefore, in order for the plant to survive the winter normally, it must be covered with a layer of dry foliage and grass.

In mid-autumn, the plant should be cut by 30-40 cm or tied with a rope. Next, cover the covering material with a layer of about 40 cm on the basal hole.

If the cottage is located in the northern regions, it is better to additionally warm the plant from above with a film or warm cloth. This will protect the cortaderia at temperatures down to -25 ° C.

Possible difficulties in growing

As with any plant, you need to take care of pampas grass.

For this you need to know what difficulties may arise to prevent them:

  • do not forget about the cutting edges of leaves and hard stems, all care and pruning should be done carefully and with gloves, and also not plant a plant near footpaths and playgrounds,
  • reducing the decorative effect and reducing the number of flowers may indicate excessively stony soil,
  • the plant may die if it is not covered for the winter, especially in the northern regions.

Pests, diseases and prevention

Cortaderia is practically not subject to any diseases and pests. Aphid, powdery mildew and anthracnose (leaf spot) can appear extremely rarely on plants. As a therapy, treatment of plants with fungicides is used.

In hot and very dry weather, the grass can be attacked by a spider mite. To avoid this, in order to prevent in the spring and summer is carried out spraying insecticides.

If you just can not decide how to decorate the cottage or the soil of your site is not suitable for all ornamental crops, do not be discouraged. Spectacular and unpretentious Cortaderia adorn any garden.

It looks great as a separate planting, and in combination with other cereals. And will certainly attract the attention of all your guests.

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