Over time, trees planted in the country inevitably grow old, fall ill, degenerate, or cease to fit into the design. They are easy to cut, but not everybody is able to uproot the stumps in the area, or rather, not everyone knows how to do it correctly.
Clearing a plot of trees and shrubs is a long and laborious process. Of course, you can pay professionals and admire the work of technology, but it will cost a lot. Let us consider the main ways in which you can get rid of excess natural element on its territory.
The stump grinder is a huge mill that turns wood into chips. Its size is comparable to a garden wheelbarrow, so the chopper is easy to deliver to any part of the site and not damage the adjacent plantings. It works not only with the ground part of the stump, but also with the underground part, going 30 cm deep.
Unfortunately, there are fewer quality shredders on the market, so not all firms can provide such a service. It is also not cheap and suitable for removing the stumps of those trees that do not give abundant root growth.
You can dig a stump with the help of special equipment: an excavator, a manipulator or a bulldozer. But this method has only advantages and speed with the largest stumps, but there are significantly more minuses.
First of all, the work of such equipment is always very expensive, and the stumps will turn out to be just "golden." Secondly, not such a large car can come in at every site — gates and gates may simply not be designed for it. And finally, even in the dry season or in winter, these machines damage the soil very much, and from the lawn they will leave only lumps.
Therefore, it is good to use such equipment at the stage of site preparation for construction or if there are many large stumps in the territory and cannot cope with them in other ways.
Removing tree stumps with fire
If you have an unlimited supply of time and firewood, and your neighbors are loyal to the smell of smoke, you can turn your stump into a selective fertilizer - wood ash.
To do this, it will be necessary to drill holes in the cut, pour the ignition fluid into them and set fire to it. The first time you will need to force the flow of oxygen to the fire, but as soon as the holes are enlarged, you will only need to throw firewood and promptly remove the burned-out part. This should be done carefully, because otherwise the combustion will slow down.
If the stump is very hard or you have nothing to drill holes, make a fire right on the saw cut - it will gradually burn through, turning into a hole.
Rooting up stumps on the site with a winch
If you are only planning to cut down a tree and remove its roots, you can use a winch. To do this, leave a stump height of about 1 m - it will be easier to handle it.
Secure the winch with a force of 3 tons on the nearest tree or pole, tie it with a rope or an additional rope. Dig a stump in a circle, at a distance of 1.5 m from the trunk, to expose the roots. Chop them off or cut them with a hacksaw. Only after that turn on the winch, and from its side place a wooden stump under the stump.
Rooting up stumps on the plot with an ax and scrap
Dig the stump in a circle at a distance of 1-1.5 m from the base so that the roots are exposed. Chop them and slip the crowbar under the stump. With effort, lift it and the stump will be torn out of the ground.
This method is suitable for removing stumps with a diameter of not more than 20 cm. If the stump is larger, then you will spend too much time and effort.
If the tree, from which the stump remains, does not give the root growth, you can simply cut it to the ground level, chop the cut with an ax and cover it with earth — it will gradually rot by itself.
Rooting up stumps on the plot with the help of water
At a distance of half a meter from the roots of the stump, dig a hole and begin to wash it with water under pressure. After some time, the roots will be washed away, and the stump will hang in the air. Then the main roots can be chopped off, and the stump itself can be removed.
The option of washing out the stump is suitable not for all summer residents, but only for those who have their own water source and pump at the site, able to supply it under good pressure. If water is given on a schedule, or you have to go to the well, consider other options. In addition, this method is rather dirty, and it will not work on an already improved plot in the middle of flower beds and beds. Although if there are no delicate plants around, afraid of flooding, then you can take a chance.
Chemical means for removing tree roots
You do not have good physical strength and are not willing to endure construction equipment on your site? Then you should know how to remove the stump without uprooting. To help you come funds that are easy to get on sale.
Not the fastest way to a length of a year is suitable for those who want to get rid of the stump without any extra effort. It is enough to drill several holes with a diameter of 1-3 cm in it, pour urea into it and wrap it tightly with polyethylene.
By next season there will be no trace of the stump, and the vacant space can be used.
This method is similar to the previous one in its first part: during the cold season, during a thaw, a drill with a thick drill in the stump drills holes up to 40 cm in depth at the rate of one hole per 10 cm diameter. Water is poured into them, and then potassium nitrate is tamped in for several days. After the stump is wound with polyethylene and in this form is left until spring. Under the influence of saltpeter, the tree dries quickly, and in spring it can be easily burned without residue.
Burning stumps (both after treatment with nitrate and without it) is prohibited on peat soils.
If you plan to put a gazebo, barn or other building at the place of the stump, then the option of using salt is suitable for you. But remember that the salt will destroy not only the stump itself, but also the soil around it, so it will not work to plant something there anymore.
Immediately after the cut, start sprinkling stump with coarse salt, do not regret it and add after each rain. Salt will saturate the wood, and it will turn into dust.
If you do not want to use the preparations on the plot and are ready to wait a few years, grow mushrooms on the stump.
Mycelium of mushrooms or oyster mushrooms is sold in all garden stores, and you will only have to drill a few holes in the stump, spread the seed there, water it and cover it with moss or soil according to the instructions on the package. You will receive the first mushrooms next season, and for 4-5 years only memories will remain from the stump.
Still not sure that you can quickly uproot the stump on your own? Then try to turn it into a flower bed and make it the pride of your garden.
Milling will suit the owners of estates with a large number of stumps on the site. For one-time use option is not economical. You will need to purchase a crusher (shredders are sold in garden stores). The device has a vertical circle, the edges of which are the teeth. The hard alloy material makes it easy to handle stumps of various sizes.
The cut can be made up to 20 cm in depth, this will make sure that the work done is effective. It is enough to sprinkle the formed hole with the earth or to decorate to taste. The option allows you to spend the minimum amount of time. However, so that the unit does not become dusty in the future, it is advisable to contact your neighbors and friends. You may be able to borrow the necessary tool for a while, then the extra costs are not needed.
We set fire to the stump
How to remove a garden stump without uprooting using available tools. To do this, use any flammable liquid.
The stump is first prepared. It is necessary to make deep holes in it, the diameter depends on the available tools. The easiest option is to use a drill with a long drill. The final result will depend on the number of holes made. It remains to pour the prepared liquid and set on fire. Whether the stump burns completely during the day depends on its size. Minus the way - it creates a high probability of fire. To avoid negative consequences will be obtained only with constant monitoring of the combustion process.
It is forbidden to resort to action on peaty soil to avoid burning under the ground.
The variant is similar to the second, the preparation of the stump is carried out in the same way. Only now saltpeter is poured into the holes (sold in a hardware store), then water is poured. It is permissible to use other types of chemicals. Gradually, the stump will reach the state of rot, which will facilitate the removal process without uprooting.
The process, depending on the size of the stump, will take up to six months. Saltpetre and water should be added periodically as evaporation occurs. If there is no time for control, it is advisable to cover the stump with a thick film.
The longest method to rid a stump in a garden plot is to use mushrooms. The object is populated by spores, which will grow over time and will gradually destroy the wood. It takes two to five years.
The advantage of the method is that you can plant edible mushrooms - honey agaric, then the stump will benefit, and the table will be replenished with a delicious dish. And as an object of landscape design, the option is excellent - you do not have to admire a wooden "stub".
Knowing how to remove a garden stump without clearing, you can safely get to work. The main thing - each of the points does not require special physical effort, which will have a positive effect on the joints. In the process of uprooting will have to dig a huge area, so it is better to solve the problem otherwise. After completing all the steps, you can continue to admire your neat and well-kept garden.
If more global problems with trees are solved rather quickly, then this will be replaced by a no less acute problem of how to uproot the stumps left after a full-scale operation of removing unnecessary green spaces.
Most often they forget about this “small” detail, remembering only when this small develops into a large or very large one. For example, you need to urgently break the beds or put the grill at the gazebo, and then the stump in all its glory. And what to do with it?
How everyone stumps in theory knows everyone, maybe even some beginning gardeners saw this process with their own eyes.
After removing the tree, the remaining stump has three options:
- be uprooted
- be cut off
- decompose naturally
- decompose with chemical or biological catalysts.
All these processes can be called in one word - uprooting. The cost part of the event, i.e.
how much it costs to root out a stump - will also depend on a number of factors, namely:
- from the size of the object to be removed,
- age characteristics
- the degree of damage to wood and old age (rottenness) of the stump,
- from the terrain and the presence of obstacles in the territory,
- from the possibility of arrival at the site and access to the object of removal,
- from the time that is given to uprooting the stump.
All these factors will help you decide how to uproot the hemp on your site and how to do it:
- or using chemistry.
Those owners, for whom the process of uprooting presents great difficulties, can turn to special organizations for the removal of green spaces, since the market for this industry is well developed today.
Others, on the contrary, will arm themselves with a shovel and will think how to uproot the stump in their own garden. The main thing during the event is to adhere to the eternal rule - do no harm, neither to yourself (first of all), nor to the surrounding, let alone the remaining plants and the plot. After all, our goal is the improvement of the territory, and not the opportunity to show strength and skill. Although the latter will not be superfluous when performing the process of clearing independently.
All ways of getting rid of the stump can be divided into chemical and mechanical.
Chemical methods are practically easy, but require a lot of time and a lot of patience. Their goal - to expand the stump to the state of dust or make it combustible.
Method 1 (chemical)
In the stump (on the top) they drill as many holes as possible into which fall the saltpeter (potassium or sodium, a few kilograms) fall asleep and cover the stump with a film so that the saltpeter does not erode with rain. You can use a very concentrated solution of nitrate, which must be poured regularly for many days.
This will accelerate the saturation of wood saltpeter. The meaning of this venture is as follows. Nitrate, when heated, releases a lot of oxygen. Therefore, when the stump is saturated with nitrate, and then dries out a little, it is set on fire, making a small fire on it. The wood of the stump begins to smolder quite intensively and burns out even in the depths of the earth.
But this method can not be applied on peat soils! As the underground burning of peat begins, which is almost impossible to put out.
Method 2 (chemical)
If you abundantly sprinkle stump with coarse salt, then the wood is gradually soaked with it and begins to break down.
About a year later, the whole stump will turn into perfect dust. Unfortunately, the soil will suffer a little. Therefore, this method is used only when the site is cleared for construction. Those. soil will not be used.
Chemical methods are used quite rarely, as it is usually tempting to solve the problem with a stub quickly.
Therefore, it is trying to remove the physical way.
The tree with its root system is practically a mirror image of the upper part. The same powerful skeletal roots, smaller roots extending from them, etc.
Mechanized methods of stubbing uprooting
There are three ways to harvest stumps: manual, mechanical and chemical.
Thus, to get rid of tree stumps, they use their physical efforts, chemical preparations and specific techniques. It is easiest to uproot a stump on a site with the help of special equipment - this is how you will spend a minimum of your strength.
The very specifics of using the winch is more effective than other methods, that is, it copes with rather high stumps.
Therefore, in order to apply this method, it is recommended to leave the height of the stump in the amount of one meter. Of course, you can not do this, but this will make your work easier. The disadvantage of this method is that the winch can not withstand large old wood.
To uproot a stump other than a winch with a force of three tons or more, auxiliary tools will be needed: a rope, a shovel, an ax, and a lever.
The first thing that is done is to dig in the stump at a distance of up to 1.5 meters and then deepen until you see the roots. The roots are removed with a hacksaw or an ax.
After that, the winch is fixed on the base of a nearby tree or pole, from which you can easily reach the uprooted stump.
The cable is securely fastened on the stump, which will be rooted out, after which a wooden stump is placed under it from the side of the winch. Then we undertake the winch. After this procedure, the stump should go along with the roots from the ground.
The use of scrap and ax
This method is heavy and weakly effective, suitable for stumps with a small diameter.
For a start, a trench is pulled out around the stump; this is done to expose the roots. Next, perform the cutting of the roots and under the stump we slip the scrap, then we tear it out.
The technique is effective with stumps, the diameter of which is up to 20 cm. If the stumps are of a larger diameter, it is necessary to dig a huge trench around the stump, while cutting off the roots. This activity can last up to two days. Thus, the easiest way to cut a stump far below ground level, and all that remains is to crumble with an ax.
After this procedure, the pit is filled with earth.
8 methods for removing roots after cutting a tree
Calling the cutting of a tree as “removal” is not entirely correct, because, in essence, cutting a tree is only 50% deleting it, since the root system of trees is half a tree hidden from our eyes. However, it often happens that part of the root system also needs to be removed (a foundation will be laid at the site of the tree, sewage systems, etc.). of them, their advantages and disadvantages with specific examples.
In this article we will try to consider the basic methods used in practice to get rid of the root system of the old tree on your site.
This type of work can be done on its own or ordered by the organization involved in the clearing of stumps professionally. You can call our specialist for free to evaluate the work and advice.
Mechanical stumping up
- Handling a stump The procedure is as follows: around the stump, using a spade and other auxiliary hand tools (scrap, pickaxe), a certain amount of earth is taken out sufficient to remove the stump.
Если на месте пня планируется разбивка клумбы, например, то и глубина удаления корней может быть незначительной,
если же на месте пня, будет проводиться строительство здания, и в этом месте будет располагаться фундамент, или проходить подземные коммуникации, то глубину удаления необходимо увеличивать в зависимости от техусловий будущего объекта.
After the roots are freed from the ground to a sufficient depth, they are cut with axes and then the root system is removed from the ground or Rooting up a stump with a manual or electric winchin which, after the procedures described above for removing the root system from the ground, the winch cable is fixed to the rest of the trunk and the stump is pulled out of the ground.
This method of uprooting a stump, although it requires special equipment, is considered more acceptable than purely manual, mechanical uprooting, since the root is removed to a greater depth and you have to spend less time on the same amount of work Rooting up a stump by an excavator. This type of uprooting can be beneficial for people when there are a lot of stumps on one site, and large-scale construction and / or landscape design is planned on the site itself (making lawns with underground irrigation systems, building artificial reservoirs such as or a pond, etc.) In such cases, it is certainly reasonable and economically justified, perhaps, to uproot the stumps with an excavator.
Our specialist can go to your facility for free and hold a consultation to determine the most economical way to remove a stump for you. Rooting out of a tree by crushing (milling) In this method, special equipment is used: stump grinder.
In this way abroad for many years, our colleagues have removed the stumps of trees, both in private households of their clients, and in the public sector and in business. In our market, this professional equipment appeared not so long ago. This method has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Uprooting stumps in the country, how easy it is to get rid of the remnants of wood
The only drawback is the price. Stump shredders are a professional, powerful, imported equipment that costs more than one thousand dollars. If you add to this the cost of consumables and maintenance, then a very impressive amount comes out at today's prices.
But this method also has a number of serious advantages, which are especially obvious when working with large stumps with a diameter of more than 60 cm.
If a large stump is in close proximity to buildings, underground utilities, other plants whose root system cannot be damaged, then such methods of mechanical removal of stumps, such as uprooting a stump with an excavator or using a winch, are not suitable at all.
It threatens to damage nearby objects. In such cases, a stump grinder is an excellent option.
With this method of removal, buildings and communications are not damaged; removal is quick. Rooting up the stump by drilling. This method of uprooting is mainly used in industrial logging, large-scale clearing of forest areas for construction or agricultural work. This method requires powerful industrial equipment. As a rule, these are mechanical-hydraulic units connected to tractors and operating from the hydraulic system of the tractor, from the power take-off shaft, or both power systems are used at once.
For example, here is a video from the Internet about the operation of such devices:
Chemical stump removal
Its principle is as follows: multiple vertical holes are made to a depth of 15-20 cm using a drill with a thick drill. The second option is without using a drill.
With the help of a chainsaw, vertical sawing is carried out, the saw tire vertically plunges deep into the stump, and you should be very careful and careful, because when you dive the toe of the tire, there is often a so-called rebound, in which the saw throws up, such rebounds from inexperienced chainsaw operators sometimes cause head and neck injuries. Therefore, you should be extremely careful when vertical gash.
The essence of the process is the same as when drilling holes: create deep and deep voids in the thick of the stump.
After that we need saltpeter. Usually in such cases applies ammonium or potassium nitrate, which can be bought in the nearest gardening shop for little money. But based on personal experience, I recommend using urea (carbamide), which, like saltpeter, is a mineral nitrogen fertilizer. If in ammonium nitrate the percentage of the active substance (nitrogen) is 34.6%, then urea or otherwise urea is the most concentrated ammonium fertilizer and contains 46% nitrogenaccordingly, it is almost a third more efficient than ammonium nitrate and for the purpose of chemical uprooting of stumps.
About the quantity: for a large stump with a diameter of 70-80cm. need to take 1 kg of urea. We pour urea into the holes we have prepared and carefully pour water on top (100 ml. Per 1 kg).
urea). The next important step: sealingIn order for the rains not to wash the fertilizer into the ground, it is necessary to prevent precipitation from entering the stump.
In the old Soviet literature it is recommended to plug holes with chops. I never did that. It is much simpler and more economical to take 1 square meter of dense polyethylene in all senses, wrap the stump tightly and tie it with a string with a string or sprinkle the edges of the film with earth. The uprooting of the stump with nitrate is a rather lengthy process, for a large stump (about 1 meter in diameter) it will take at least 1 yearbut at the same time you will get a guaranteed result and that may be the decisive factor is a cheap result.
So, a year has passed and we have reached the final stage of uprooting with the help of saltpeter. We put some wood on the stump and kindle a fire. Over the past year, processes related to the penetration of a solution of urea into the roots of our stump have passed through the stump. The burning of wood impregnated with nitrate or carbamide (urea) is quite vigorous, because nitrate itself burns releases oxygen, the burning goes deep into the earth to a great depth (up to two meters).
After everything burns through, you will see an amazing picture: there will be a hole in the place of the stump, completely repeating the contours of the root system, with tunnels diverging in different directions. The second option for ending the chemical uprooting does not include burning. The structure of wood under the influence of chemicals is broken, turns into dust, using scrap and shovel, you can easily destroy the upper part of the stump and go deeper to the required depth.
After that, on the site of a remote stump, you can, for example, break a flower bed by sprinkling fertile soil on top. The remains of the root system (impregnated with nitrate) in this case will serve as an additional fertilizer for the plants in the flowerbed. Rooting up stumps with the help of herbicides "arboricide", "ruandap" and others. There is such a way to remove trees, but I will say frankly, we have never used it in our practice.
Since, firstly, if we talk about the poisoning of a whole tree, then it does not make sense to poison the soil, wood, yourself, so that you can get a dry tree at the output which you can either remove completely (if the site allows) or from an aerial platform development is much more common) because a healthy arborist (mountain climber) will never climb the dry trunk, life and health are more precious than money.
Therefore, it is easier to remove the tree without the use of chemicals. And if we talk about uprooting the stump of a freshly sawn tree, then again the effectiveness of these herbicides in the process of accelerated destruction of wood has not been investigated (in any case, such information is not available to us until today) Therefore, we do not recommend the method of uprooting the stump with herbicides. and the last chemical method of uprooting: Rooting up a stump - This is another "popular" way, which is often poisoned by innocent neighboring trees growing on the border.
It is usually watered several times with a concentrated salt solution of the radical circle, after which the tree begins to ache and then dies due to metabolic disturbances caused by the over-salt content of salt in the soil. In this way, we, as well as in the previous one, see only disadvantages. This is soil poisoning and mockery of a living tree, and again, we end up with a dry emergency tree, which is always more difficult to work with.
The effect of salt on the rate of decomposition of wood stump, as well as in the case of herbicides is not well understood, in the available specialized literature and on the Internet, there is no such information, as is the case with herbicides
Well, if the stump does not interfere at all, then on a large stump you can break a wonderful flower bed that will delight your eye from spring to autumn.
Summarizing this article, we say that the choice of stubbing up a stump is an individual matter and the choice should be approached responsibly, as in the conditions of dense development and green spaces, the wrong choice of stump removal can have negative consequences.
If you need to work on uprooting the stump in Kharkov, then we can help you in choosing the right method, as well as evaluate this work and produce it. Choose the best offer, order a free visit to our specialist, listen to recommendations, price, and then without losing anything, you can find out the prices and ways of clearing stumps in other organizations and make the best choice.
When choosing an organization involved in the care of trees, be sure to be interested in experience, ask to show finished work, compare prices.
If you decide to cut the tree on your own plot, it is important to remember about safety, especially for you we have prepared articles and videos on this topic.
The problem of getting rid of old, unnecessary or dry trees often arises not only before city utilities, but also before the owners of country dacha plots, while solving certain tasks: clearing the old garden, cleaning the area for planting or new construction, getting rid of diseased greenery, etc. .
They prefer to do uprooting trees do it yourself They consider this a cheaper way, especially since the plants in such areas are not very large.
The effort that must be applied to a small tree in order to tear it out of the ground at once sometimes reaches hundreds of kilograms. Of course, it is impossible to create such an effort without a lever, so you will need durable steel scrap, with a long arm about 1.5 meters.
Since “on the move” it will not be possible to overwhelm even a small trunk, a shovel is useful here.
Technique for uprooting trees
If there is enough space on the site for the arrival of special equipment or the territory where trees are being uprooted is not fenced off, then uprooting will be faster and easier with using special tapping machines.
What they are:
- self-propelled rotary machine,
- lever mounted hooker,
- loader with front canopy of working tool,
- lifting tool with rear canopy of the working tool,
- forklift loader with jaw grip,
- picker with front attachment of working tool,
- excavator with replaceable equipment for uprooting,
- tractor with a rope for uprooting with a straight line.
Such machines are effectively used as a traction mechanism for uprooting extra large stumps or large ones.
The trunk, as well as in the manual method of uprooting, is dug round, then a cable is hooked to the freed roots and the tractor pulls the lower part from the landing site.
If the tree is being uprooted by a tractor, the price of the services will be significantly higher compared to the manual method, but the efficiency of the process will significantly increase.
To speed up the process of uprooting trees and stumps use other equipment.
In addition to the usual excavators and tractors, indispensable in the woods, in the fields and suburban areas, the city uses a mini-excavator, it is smaller in size and can drive to where the large-scale technology does not move.
Also in urban areas often used autotowers, truck cranes and machine crushers.
Uprooting trees on a plot with a tractor depends on the size of the object to be deleted:
- if the plant is small and its stem diameter less than8 - 10 cmit is simply pulled out with a bucket.
This method is often used when it is necessary to clear a large area from spontaneously raised young. if the object being removed has a trunk diameter up to 20 cmthen a chain is used to eliminate it.
It is attached to the highest point of the trunk and the tractor begins to pull. For this kind of work attract, in addition to technology, industrial climbers. This is a more professional uprooting of trees, the cost of such work will be slightly higher than for the removal of small-sized plants. uprooting facilities larger than 20 cm in diameter, removed only with the help of a tractor and attracting climbers.
For this kind of work, initial filing of the object may be necessary in order for the uprooting to take place faster and with less risk to others.
"Treewood" offers you easy and quick removal of unwanted or emergency objects from your site or building area.
We will do a good uprooting of trees the price will be quite reasonable.. After all, people who love their work work with us, therefore, they carry out all the processes with pleasure. Having a lot of experience, they will readily do any work, no matter how complex it is.
In addition, Derevoved carries out timely waste wood disposal, even if we didn’t provide services for clearing, filing, sawing and tree removal. Our company will readily buy from you superfluous or useless firewood of ordinary and fruit trees with self delivery.
You can contact us just for advice and we will readily explain how any tree removal process you are interested in and also answer all your questions.
Stubbing up, preparatory work
Methods of stubbing uprooting are divided into mechanical and chemical, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages, but one thing unites them - the need for preliminary preparatory work, which will speed up the process of stump removal.
To facilitate uprooting, it is necessary to slightly moisten the soil around the stump and dig a stump around its entire circumference with a bayonet spade, starting from its base to a depth of at least 30 cm, baring all the roots of the tree to be removed. With the deepening of the pit need to gradually expand its diameter. It should be noted that the roots grow in breadth approximately by the width of the crown of the tree, therefore, the stem around the trunk should repeat the projection of the crown, and the diameter of the excavation can be 1.5-2 m.
It is possible to bare the roots of a tree with the pressure of water from a hose, having previously built grooves for water drainage, while the inter-root soil will be leached. The exposed strong side roots need to be trimmed with a chainsaw or cut, leaving about 40 cm from the trunk of the stump.
Using a stump clearing technique, how to remove a stump with a tractor
The use of stump clearing equipment facilitates and speeds up this time consuming and lengthy process. Unnecessary stumps are promptly removed by a tractor or bulldozer equipped with a special root-removing attachment. This method is indispensable when cleaning the site from several stumps, uprooting the old garden or forest plantations of trees before planning the development of the territory and the beginning of construction work.The main condition for the implementation of this method of removing stumps - access to their location and the availability of free space to work and turn this bulky equipment. Stump tied with a cable and pulled out of the ground.
It should be noted that the removal of large and powerful stumps requires the work of a caterpillar tractor of high power, which will destroy the top layer of soil and the beds and landscaping lawns on it.
How to uproot the stump with a punitive machine
It is possible to uproot the stumps with a plodder machine that has small dimensions, similar to the size of a garden wheelbarrow. Such a device can be easily moved around the garden plot and manually transferred quite easily to any tree. It can be used to remove single stumps among growing trees in densely planted garden and summer cottages with small space for maneuvering large-scale equipment.Such a stump lifter mills and crushes the stump wood to a depth of 25-30 cm. If it is possible to use a manual manual podderchitel on the stretcher, the stump should be cut as close as possible to the ground level, while stumps of large diameter should be cut into several segments for facilitating the work of mechanical gnawing.
Pneredibitelnaya machine grind milling wood stump to the size of sawdust, after which the pit can be filled with earth and use the site for other purposes.
Uprooting stumps with your own hands, how to remove the remnants of a tree with your own hands
Поскольку стоимость услуг трактора и пнедробительной машины довольно высока, а возможность заехать трактором или другой габаритной землеройной машиной есть не на каждой даче, то садоводу зачастую приходится осуществлять удаление пней на участке своими руками.
Небольшие пни, диаметр которых менее 20 см, удаляют посредством рычага из металла или жерди после проведенных предварительно подготовительные работ по обнажению и обрубанию удерживающих корней дерева.A long crowbar slips under the bottom of the stump and works as a lever, pulling the remains of a tree from the ground or tilting the stump on its side, followed by the final extraction of the rhizome. After such uprooting, the extracted stump is suitable as firewood for heating.
Removing stumps with chemistry
In some cases, it is impossible to do without chemical methods, if the question is how to remove the stump without uprooting it from the site, but this will not be done quickly.One of the most popular ways to destroy a stump without uprooting is to use potassium nitrate. Before removing the stump from your plot with the help of nitre, you should prepare - cut the top of the stump as low as possible to the ground level and drill several holes in it in 5-6 cm in diameter and about 30-35 cm in depth.
The approximate number of drilled holes is calculated on the basis of a simple calculation: for each 10 cm diameter of the tree, one hole is necessary. Then potassium nitrate is compacted in each drilled hole and filled to the brim with water, after which the entire stump should be covered with dense polyethylene, fixed and left to cover such remnants of wood until spring.Potassium nitrate, dissolved in water, is well absorbed into the wood, and in the spring, after removing the shelter, there will be a dried stump with nitrate in the tissues. And now the final stage of solving the problem, how to remove the stump, without uprooting it, pour a little gasoline into the holes and set it on fire. After the stump is finally burned, the earth around its place of growth is dug up and used for its intended purpose.
Before you burn a stump, you should follow all fire safety rules and in no case do not apply this method on peatlands, as this is fraught with extensive fires that are difficult to extinguish.Another way to remove the stump without uprooting using chemistry is to use ammonium nitrate to destroy stumps.
Ammonium nitrate or urea is introduced into the wood of the stump in the same way as the potassium nitrate introduction technology described earlier.
Urea-treated stump is covered with polyethylene or covered with earth. Ammonium nitrate will gradually decompose the wood by its effect, and two years later the stump will be destroyed without the need to set fire or uproot.
The most interesting way: how to remove the stump with mushrooms
Fungi are sometimes used as a biological agent for the destruction of stumps and roots. This unusual and interesting way is easy to use and will provide the gardener family with fresh homemade mushrooms.To remove the stump from the site with the help of mushrooms around the perimeter of the remaining part of the tree, you need to drill holes, fill them with oyster mushroom or mushrooms. Over time, the mushrooms will begin to grow over the entire surface of the stump, will destroy the wood to ensure its vital activity, thereby decomposing the stump and its roots.
The advantages and disadvantages of each method, how to choose the best method for stubbing up
Each of the methods described for the destruction of an unnecessary stump in a country house or a plot of land has its own advantages and disadvantages, which distinguish it among other methods. Consider all the positive and negative aspects of the application of a method of removing the stump, which should know the person who plans to remove the stump from its territory.
Uprooting the stump tractor
- suitable for a large number of stumps in the open area of the site,
- the method allows you to get rid of the outdated non-fruitful garden by one call of special equipment, which allows to reduce the cost of removing each stump
- In the pits freed from stumps, you can plant new trees.
- a bulky tractor can destroy the landscaped area and decorative elements,
- a powerful tractor dramatically pulls a stump out of the ground, and the roots of other trees growing nearby may be affected,
- high cost of removing one stump,
- The uprooted stump will leave a large trench that will need to be covered with earth and leveled.
Stubbing up a stump
- fast and accurate process, the application of which will not violate the integrity and appearance of the site and its landscape design,
- equipment without problems is delivered to the remains of the tree,
- Punching machine allows you to configure the necessary parameters of the depth and diameter of milling and crushing of wood and manage them during the work,
- as a result of uprooting the crusher from the stump will remain only chips, which can simply be dug along with the ground on the site.
- the small working depth of crushing is no more than 30 cm, which will complicate construction work and planting on the site of large trees,
- the method is not suitable in areas after construction - debris can damage equipment that will have to be compensated.
Stubbing up the stump himself
- ease of approach to any stump,
- possibility of maximum removal of the stump and its root system,
- absolute harmlessness to the soil, which can be cultivated for growing plants.
- physical complexity of execution and the impossibility of implementation in the winter due to the frozen ground.
- low cost and ease of implementation, without harming the growing nearby plants and the appearance of the site,
- destroyed the stump entirely, as well as its rhizomes.
- a long process, which can take 2-3 years, as a result of which the stump and its roots will be destroyed, and the condition of the soil, which may fall out of crop rotation for several years, will deteriorate greatly.
Stump removal with mushrooms
- completely biological process without the use of chemicals, which does not require significant effort and financial costs, grown mushrooms can be eaten.
- the duration of the process, which can take 2-3 years and is dangerous for the mycelium infection of other trees growing nearby.
Winch stump removal
This method makes it easier to remove high, about 1 m, stumps. In addition to the winch with a lifting capacity of 3 tons, as an auxiliary tool you will need: a lever, a rope, an ax and a shovel. By collecting this whole set, you can get down to business:
- Dig the object, going deep until the root system appears.
- Cut the roots or chop them with an ax.
- Fix the winch using a support located nearby.
- Fasten the cable on the stump, put some strong piece of wood under it from the side where the winch is located. It will serve as a support when the stump leans in as a result of the effort.
- Start working winch. The stump will gradually come out of the ground along with the remnants of the roots, and if something remains, it will help pull the same winch.
This method facilitates the stump removal procedure significantly, but the use of physical force does not exclude. Therefore, if you want to achieve a result, completely freeing yourself from hard work, then use the help of chemistry.
Use of potassium nitrate and urea
To use this method, cut the stump lower. In the autumn, drill a series of holes in it about 6 cm in diameter and up to 40 cm deep. At the same time for every 1 mm diameter stump should be 1 hole.
When the frosts begin, put saltpeter into each hole, pour water, tamp, and wrap the stump with polyethylene film, leave it to hibernate.
Tip: to stimulate the process of absorption of nitrate practice the use of a solution of high concentration, which replenish several days in a row.
In the spring, an already dry stump is opened, gasoline is poured into one of the holes, and set on fire. Everything burns quickly due to the presence in the body of the stump of a large amount of oxygen released when the saltpeter is heated.
Urea decomposes wood, so after a year it will simply disappear. The technology of application is no different from the previous one, only urea is placed in the holes instead of saltpeter. In the spring, removing the cellophane, you will see that even the help of fire you do not need.
Salt, water and mushrooms
If the stump is on the place where you plan to build a structure, the destruction of the unwanted object can be performed using ordinary kitchen salt, only large. Salt-soaked stump will turn into dust.
Warning: you can not use salt in the garden and in the beds, it will destroy not only the stump, but also the soil around.
Is there an alternative to chemistry? Just the next way it is. It is not only effective, but also useful, although it is not necessary to wait for a quick result, because Stump destruction will not last for 1 year. It is about settling the object to remove spores of fungi. To do this, make holes in the stump and fall asleep the mycelium of honey agaric or oyster mushroom, pour it over and cover it with a film. The crop is harvested in a year, and the expelled organisms gradually do their job - they destroy the stump.
You can apply such a simple and fast way:
- Dig a hole around the trunk, then retreat 0.5 m from the stump and dig another trench in a circle.
- To arm with a hose and a stream of water supplied with great pressure, wash the roots off the ground.
- Wait until the water in the hole soaks into the ground, chop off the roots and pull out the stump hanging in the air.
As you can see, you can cope with stumps yourself. You just need to choose the most appropriate way.
How to get rid of stumps without uprooting: a mechanical way
The most reliable is the complete removal of wood residues. Firstly, the site becomes suitable for any use - even break the garden, even put a gazebo. Secondly, you are insured against attempts at rebirth: there will definitely not be overgrowths. Crushing stumps with improvised means is ineffective, and in terms of the severity of the work is no different from uprooting. Therefore, it is better to work with special grinders. They break the stump in sawdust, absolutely not spoiling the surrounding landscape. Such equipment is very expensive, it is better to rent it, since stumps do not have to be removed every day and equipment is not always needed on the farm.
Cheap, but long and green
If for some reason you cannot or do not want to resort to crushing, you can apply the chemical method of stump removal. The most primitive option is to fill up the “rotten tooth” with ordinary salt and roll it with polyethylene. Not the best solution to the problem. Okay, that for a long time, all chemical options take time. It is bad that for many years the land will become unsuitable for growing at least something.
Removal of stumps by saltpeter, sodium or potash will be more environmentally friendly. First, it is not necessary to wait for two years of scattering of wood. Secondly, the roots are removed. The technique is simple and accessible: a hole is drilled in the stump. The more of them and the deeper they are, the faster it will act. Saltpeter is poured into the holes and filled with water. So that all this did not flow out and was not washed out, the holes are closed with stoppers - wooden chopies, wax, plastic stoppers, garden pitch. On top of the stump plentifully watered.
Manipulations are carried out in the fall: in the spring, sap flow goes up, so the roots of nitrate are not soaked. The following year, the traffic jams are removed, kerosene or gasoline is poured in (yes, even a kindling fire) and the stump is set on fire. Burns everything, including the underground part.
The method is not universal, as it is not always possible to get rid of stumps without uprooting. If the site is cleared on peatlands, the probability of an underground fire is high. And in a densely planted garden, the risk of burning nearby trees is quite high.
In cases where the previous method is not applicable, the approach changes. Saltpeter is also used, but this time it is ammonia, that is, urea. It is advisable for her to hollow out the recess in the center of the stump as much as possible. A chemical is injected into it, and the stump is wrapped up as carefully as possible. In the pros - burning is not needed, the stump will turn into dust on their own. In the minuses - the process will take a lot of time. With a large saw cut - up to three years. In addition, after the collapse of the stump the earth for some time will not be suitable for all plants.
How to get rid of stumps without uprooting by another method? Those who care about the land on their site, more like the natural way. Yes, it is even longer. But the soil in the process is enriched with nutrients, and you get a nice extra bonus. All you need is what to buy oyster mushroom mycelium in a specialty store or collect “seedlings” in the woods near it. In the stump intended for destruction, holes are drilled into which mushroom "threads" are laid. So that they do not dry up, the holes are covered with wet moss. Landing is carried out exclusively on an overcast and cool day. For 4-5 years, the mushrooms will be eaten by the stump, and all this time you will have tasty snacks on your table.
Accelerate the natural process
Not always stump, overgrown with mushrooms, can serve as an ornament to your garden. If you want to save the soil in the area, but do not spoil its appearance, you can go the following way.
A trench is digging around the stump - it will facilitate further work. Further, with a conventional chainsaw, the rest of the tree is cut so that the cut is five centimeters below ground level. The buried stump is covered with earth, but not ordinary, but forest, taken from under deciduous trees. It contains a large number of special microorganisms that accelerate the decay of wood. If there is no forest near your dacha (or it is coniferous), use leaf humus from the compost pit you most likely have. It should be mixed with a pair of glasses of concentrated nitrogen fertilizer and spread on the saw cut. The top is covered with ordinary garden soil.
Destruing a stump will be even more elegant if a tree is planted in its place. The beginning is similar: the height of the stump is reduced to the maximum, at least flush with the kidney. The middle is hollowed out and filled with fertilizer mixed with the ground. And in this “pot” a young sapling is planted. As he grows, he will destroy both the stump and his root system.
Stump as an element of landscape design
Before looking for a way to get rid of stumps without uprooting, assess whether this is really necessary. If the place is not suitable for all plants or is not used at all, the stump can be left. From it will turn out an unusual and harmonious flowerpot for annuals.
This idea is especially good if it is time for the earth to rest under the belt: the flowers will gradually destroy the wood, and the earth will be saturated with useful elements. You can make and custom bird feeder. And if the stump settled on the site of the planned arbor, then it may well become a support for the garden table.