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Saffron seed

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Saffron is a spice and food coloring orange.. As a spice used dried stigmas of saffron seed (crocus). This is the most expensive seasoning. The cost of saffron is due to the laboriousness of production - 1 crocus gives only 3 stigmas, and to get 1 kilogram of spice you need 200 thousand flowers. For this reason, saffron is often forged by selling marigold petals instead of crocus stigmas.

Appearance (photo) saffron

Crocus saffron (lat. Crocus sativus) is a tuber bulbous perennial herb of the genus Saffron of the Iris or Iris family. In the wild form does not grow, because it can not reproduce without human intervention. Now you know what saffron looks like and what it is. The plant can be grown at home, read more in this article.

Saffron has a strong peculiar aroma and bitter spicy taste. Although saffron grass also has beneficial properties, it is used in medicine and cooking for the stigma of a plant. Spice is also used for coloring and flavoring food.

Chemical composition and calorie saffron

Chemical composition of spices:

  • essential oil,
  • crocin,
  • betta crocetin,
  • glycosides,
  • vitamin b1,
  • vitamin B2,
  • flavonoids,
  • Sahara,
  • calcium salts,
  • fatty oil.

The caloric value of 100 g of saffron is 310 kcal. In 1 teaspoon approximately 2 grams of saffron - 6.2 kcal.

Beneficial features

Medicinal properties of saffron:

  • antispasmodic,
  • pain killer
  • stimulating
  • secretory,
  • diuretic,
  • antitussive,
  • anti-cancer.

The benefits of saffron is a beneficial effect on the digestive tract. Spice improves digestion, metabolism and removes slags and toxins from the body.

The properties of saffron allow it to be used for the nervous system. Spice relieves headache and relieves tension, activates brain activity, improves memory and increases concentration. Spice helps with insomnia and depression.

Saffron is beneficial for the cardiovascular system. Regular use of spices helps strengthen the myocardium and normalize heart rhythm. Saffron strengthens the walls of blood vessels, lowers blood pressure.

Saffron is useful for women. Spice improves the reproductive system, increases libido, activates blood circulation in the genitals, normalizes the menstrual cycle and hormones. In the East, the spice is used in the treatment of infertility.

Saffron has been used in the treatment of male diseases. Spice increases craving and increases potency, it is recommended for the treatment of prostatitis.

The use of saffron in cooking

In the food industry, spice saffron has been used for coloring and flavoring products. Spice paint cheeses, sausages and liqueurs.

How to use saffron? To give the dishes a distinctive taste and aroma, the spice is added in a small amount during cooking. The most often seasoned with saffron rice, beans, potatoes. Add to meat and fish. Read more about seasoning saffron here.

The use of saffron in cosmetology

Saffron is used not only in cooking, it is used in cosmetology and traditional medicine

Seasoning saffron application received in cosmetology. It is used to improve the condition of the skin of the face and body, used saffron for hair.

Cleansing face mask

Saffron cleanses the skin, nourishes and moisturizes. Spice fights age-related changes, improves skin elasticity.

Ingredients:

  1. Saffron - ¼ tsp.
  2. Cosmetic clay - 2 tablespoons.
  3. Lavender essential oil - 6 drops.

How to cook: Mix the ingredients until smooth, dilute with a small amount of warm water to the consistency of thick cream.

How to use: Apply the mask on the skin for 15 minutes, rinse with warm water.

Result: Cleans and moisturizes the skin, evens out the complexion.

Moisturizing hair mask

In home cosmetology, saffron is added to hair masks. Regardless of the type, the hair needs to be moisturized. Saffron is mixed with honey and sour cream.

Ingredients:

  1. Honey - 2 tablespoons.
  2. Sour cream - 2 tablespoons.
  3. Saffron - 1 tsp.

How to cook: Mix the ingredients.

How to use: Apply the mask from the roots to the ends of the hair, put on the shower cap and wrap your head with a warm towel. Keep the mask for 30 minutes. Rinse with warm water using shampoo.

Result: Mask moisturizes and restores damaged hair.

For cosmetic purposes, they use not only dried crocus stigmas, but also saffron oil - the product retains its properties to the full.

The use of saffron in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, saffron-based decoctions and infusions are made

Saffron in medicine is used to strengthen the immune system, prevent and treat various diseases. Below we have recipes for effective medicines with this spice.

Infusion for immunity

If you want to increase immunity and reduce the risk of developing colds, take saffron water infusion.

Ingredients:

  1. Saffron stigmas - 2-3 pcs.
  2. Boiling water - 200 ml.

How to cook: Fill the saffron with a glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes. Strain the beverage before use.

How to use: Drink infusion of stigmas of saffron 3-4 times a day for half an hour before a meal or 1 hour after a meal.

Result: Improves immunity.

Eye packs

Saffron improves visual acuity, improves eye condition in conjunctivitis and barley. For these purposes, use compresses with saffron.

Ingredients:

  1. Saffron stigmas - 5 pcs.
  2. Infusion of pink water - ½ tsp.

How to cook: Crush the stigmas of saffron into powder and mix with infusion of rose water.

How to use: Soak cotton buds and apply for 15 minutes.

Result: Relieves fatigue and irritation, improves eyesight.

Headache lotion

To eliminate the headache, saffron is used in the form of lotions, mixing seasoning with melted butter. The medicine also helps with insomnia.

Ingredients:

  1. Saffron stigmas - 3-4 pcs.
  2. Ghee - 3 drops.

How to cook: Grind the stigma into powder and mix with melted butter.

How to use: Rub the resulting slurry into the nostrils for a headache.

Result: The remedy relieves pain, soothes the nervous system, normalizes sleep.

Tea to increase the potency in men

The benefit of saffron for the body of men can be obtained by using the infusion to increase potency.

Ingredients:

  1. Saffron stigmas - 4-5 pcs.
  2. Fresh ginger - 25 g.
  3. Black pepper - 4 pcs.
  4. Black tea - 1 tsp.
  5. Water - 1.5 cups.

How to cook: Grind all spices in a mortar or coffee grinder to the consistency of the powder. Pour into a pan with black tea. Fill with water and put on a slow fire. Bring the broth to a boil, remove from heat and strain.

How to use: Drink tea immediately after preparation.

Result: Tea with saffron increases potency.

Now you know how to take saffron - the spice preserves the beneficial properties in the form of tea, decoctions and infusions.

Can saffron pregnant and lactating women

Saffron benefit and harm can do the same - medicinal spice will harm health if used incorrectly. Especially careful need to be pregnant women. During pregnancy, saffron can only be used immediately before childbirth - seasoning stimulates uterine contractions and provokes contractions. In the early stages, the use of saffron can lead to miscarriage, and in the later stages - to premature labor.

It is forbidden to use saffron in the period of feeding the baby with breast milk. Saffron can cause a child to be over-excited and even poisoned.

Contraindications

Now you know what saffron has medicinal properties, contraindications to the use of spices:

  • hypertension,
  • diabetes,
  • pregnancy,
  • lactation period.

Knowing about saffron - beneficial properties and contraindications to its use, also do not use spice in large quantities, large dosages of seasonings can provoke food poisoning.

Description and preparation

The saffron of a sowing campaign has an oblate spherical corm, narrow linear dense leaves growing in a bundle, and a peduncle reaching a height of 25 cm. In early autumn saffron blooms with large pale purple, yellow or white flowers. Each flower lives 1-2 days. Total saffron seed blooms no longer than two weeks. After flowering fruits form - triangular boxes.
As a medicinal raw material, stigmas of saffron pestles are used. The billet is produced in dry, sunny weather after 12 o'clock in the afternoon: the blooming flowers are picked and the stigma of the pistils is pulled out. Filaments not harvested. Collected pestles are dried in an electric dryer for 15 minutes and then put in an airtight container. Saffron is stored for no longer than two years.

Composition and properties

Saffron is rich in: flavonoids, fatty and essential oils, vitamins of group B, carotenoids, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, wax, and sugar. Saffron sativa has bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, analgesic, diuretic, stimulating, stimulating psyche (if used in small dosages) and sedative (in large doses) action.

In folk medicine, saffron seed is used for:

  • poor appetite
  • convulsive cough,
  • angina pectoris,
  • leukemia
  • headache,
  • mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease,
  • epilepsy,
  • depression (mild to moderate),
  • hemorrhoids,
  • stones in the bladder and kidneys,
  • cystitis, urethritis,
  • impotence
  • violation of the menstrual cycle
  • weakness, tiredness

  • insomnia,
  • cataract
  • elevated cholesterol
  • overweight
  • non-healing wounds.

In addition, saffron helps rejuvenate the body and is a natural antibiotic.

Attention! The beneficial properties of saffron seed lost at high temperature, so just cooked boiling water it can not be poured.
Infusion (general recipe):

  • 1 tsp saffron stigmas,
  • 1 tbsp. boiling water.

Fill the saffron with water, let it brew for 20 minutes and strain. Take 1 tablespoon 2-3 times daily before meals. This infusion is recommended for angina, kidney disease, to stimulate sexual activity and to tone the nervous system. It can also be used for making compresses for eyes and non-healing wounds.

If you have a headache help lotion with infusion of saffron.
Also for headaches use a mixture of saffron and oil:

  • 3 stigmas of saffron seed,
  • 4 drops of melted butter.

Mix the ingredients and apply the mixture on the wings of the nose. Inhale the remaining liquid.
In order to normalize the function of the liver, a powder obtained from dry stigmas of saffron is taken - at the tip of a teaspoon 20 minutes after eating.

What is it made of?

The benefits are related to the composition of saffron. There are many vitamins and minerals that positively affect human health. This spice is versatile. It consists of:

  1. Vitamins C, A, K, PP, B.
  2. Macro - and trace elements: magnesium, copper, manganese, iron, phosphorus.
  3. Essential oils.
  4. Fatty acids - omega-3, omega-6, omega-9.
  5. Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids.
  6. Dietary fiber.

Saffron flower in 100 g includes 310 kcal. It contains carbohydrates (65 g), proteins (11 g) and fats (6 g).

The beneficial properties of saffron have long been known. Dried stigmas of violet crocus are considered a source of valuable components, which allows their use in the treatment of:

  1. Seasoning has a positive effect on the digestive tract. It restores the digestive system, the work of the spleen and gallbladder. Spice can increase metabolism and eliminate toxins.
  2. Spice has a positive effect on the nervous system, brain function, improves eyesight.
  3. Saffron can improve the activity of the heart and blood vessels. Its inclusion in the diet normalizes heart activity, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and lowers blood pressure. Regular intake leads to a cleansing of the circulatory and genitourinary system.
  4. Seasoning saffron is valuable for women. It has a particularly positive effect on reproductive function. The use of spices increases sexual desire, restores the menstrual cycle and hormones. It is used in the treatment of the genitourinary system. In the east, it is used for infertility and the risk of miscarriage.
  5. The beneficial properties of saffron are known for men. Spice can increase sexual desire. Seasoning is an aphrodisiac. It has a positive effect on men's health, giving the body strength and energy.
  6. Saffron is effective for insomnia, depression, it eliminates inflammation and infections. No wonder the spice was known in ancient times. It has been used to treat many diseases.

Due to its beneficial properties, saffron is used in the following cases:

  • impairment of memory and mental work
  • failures in the menstrual cycle
  • epilepsy and hysteria,
  • female infertility
  • respiratory diseases,
  • malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract and endocrine system,
  • muscle degeneration
  • angina pectoris, atherosclerosis,
  • impotence and decreased libido,
  • oncology,
  • gout,
  • rheumatism,
  • depression, nervous breakdown.

Saffron flower is useful for many ailments. Use it in the absence of these diseases. Will be effective in the prevention of disease.

Cosmetology

Seasoning is used in this area. It is used for skin and hair care products. Spice include branded creams, balms, nourishing masks, gels and shampoos. Saffron-based masks have a positive effect on the skin. There are several popular recipes:

  1. Need stigmas violet crocus (10 pcs.) And water (2 tsp.). It is necessary to cook gruel, apply on face for 20 minutes. The mask nourishes the skin, improves its color.
  2. Crushed spice mixed with red wine (1 tsp.) And honey. Rose oil is added (2-3 drops), after which the components are mixed. The mask is applied for 20 minutes. After the procedure, the skin becomes elastic and taut.
  3. You need chopped spice, honey, sour cream (1 tsp.). After mixing, you can apply for 20 minutes, then you need to apply a moisturizer. The mask helps to refresh the skin and smooths wrinkles.
  4. Warm milk (20 ml) is required, in which crushed spice is added (2 spoons). After half an hour can be applied for 20 minutes. Means possesses nutritious action, besides it sates with valuable components.

Due to its healing properties, saffron is used in the preparation of decoction. It will take 3 stigmas and hot water (200 ml). You need to cover the container with a lid, and let the broth infuse for 30 minutes. Then it is divided into 4 doses and consumed half an hour before meals.

This remedy is effective for hypertension, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, cough, flu, worms. Saffron is used in oncology, so it is used as an adjunct to drug therapy. The ingredients present in the spice have an antitumor effect. With them there will be no spread of cancer cells, and also inflammations are removed. But the harm of saffron is known for diabetes and for some other ailments.

To increase potency

There is a special tool for this: saffron (4 veins), fresh ginger (25 g), black pepper (4 pcs.), Black tea (1 teaspoon), water (1 cup). Spices need to grind.

Water is poured into the mixture. Means put in a water bath. Bring to a boil, then strain. Broth is an aphrodisiac. It is advisable to drink it hot after cooking.

Failure of the menstrual cycle

How to take saffron in this case? It will take 5-6 hairs, which must be eaten raw, washed down with water. Dry it is ground into powder, poured tea or water with honey. This procedure can be performed 3 times a day a week.

For the treatment of the disease requires 5 strings of saffron and grass boron uterus (1 tsp.). Raw materials must be crushed and placed in an enamel bowl. Then hot water is poured (0.5 liters). Infusion is done for 10-15 minutes. It is necessary to use means on ½ cup on an empty stomach.

Internal bleeding

This disease is also treated with seasoning. It will take 6 hairs, turmeric (1/2 tsp.) And milk (1 cup). The liquid must be put on the fire and bring to a boil. It is necessary to grind other components and pour milk. After mixing, you can drink. The duration of treatment is a week.

Saffron powder (1 tbsp. L.) And boiling water (1 cup) will be required. Insisting takes 2 hours. After filtering, you can use 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day.

Eye diseases

You need 5 spice hairs that are ground into powder. Then rose water is added (1 tsp.). Gruel is necessary to process the eyes 1 time a day, and then washed with water. The recipe will help in case of barley, cataracts, inflammations.

Treatment of cramps in the legs

To get rid of this disease will help raw eggs (3 pcs.). It is necessary to separate the whites from the yolks. It is necessary to mix 2 hairs and proteins. Massa promakivat napkin and put it like a compress to his forehead. And after 20 minutes removed.

3 hairs are needed, which are crushed and filled with boiled water (1 cup). In the infusion you need to add juice (1 cup). It is necessary to use ½ cup 3 times a day before meals.

Treatment of diseases of the liver and circulatory system

For the preparation of a remedy, 3 spice hairs, raisins (10 pcs.) And water (250 ml) are needed. Tolkushkoy need to knead the spice and raisins. Then water is poured and brought to a boil using a water bath. Смесь нужно выложить в воду, смешать и накрыть крышкой. Настаивание выполняется 8 часов, а принимать надо ½ стакана 2 раза в день.

Потребуется пряность (2 ст. л.), которую заливают кипящей водой (300 мл). Everything is cooked in a water bath for half an hour. After 10 minutes, you can strain. Purulent wounds and boils are treated with the finished product. If there are acne, boils and suppuration, it is necessary to dip the decoctions of gauze and apply to problem areas.

Urethritis and cystitis

Requires daisy flowers, cornflowers and saffron (in the same amount). Collection (1 tbsp. L) poured boiling water (300 ml). Infusion is done for 15 minutes. Consume should be 1 tbsp. l 7-8 times a day.

In this case, a special recipe is useful: they prepare a slurry of stigmas and apply it on damaged areas for 30 minutes. Procedures should be carried out 2-3 times a day. Folk remedy is considered to be anti-inflammatory, regenerating, analgesic. It is also used for hemorrhoids and mastopathy.

When can not eat?

Although the product is of great value, there are contraindications for saffron. This spice is concentrated and toxic. In a small amount, it has a positive effect on the body, but with an excess of the norm leads to side effects - vomiting and intestinal disorders. It can not be taken when:

  • pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  • children under 2 years old
  • hypertension
  • pathologies of the heart and blood vessels
  • diabetes mellitus
  • intolerance.

It is possible to use seasoning no more than 1.5-2 g at one time. An increase in the norm is unhealthy. It is possible that this may lead to hospitalization. It is important to observe the dosage in the recipes in the treatment of a particular disease. External use spice should not be with allergies.

This product is presented in the form of dried stamens of purple crocus. In the foreign market, spice is sold in the form of whole stigmas and powder. Often there is a fake. In its preparation, calendula flowers are used, which, when crushed, are similar to saffron. Some manufacturers offer turmeric instead.

It is important to choose the right spice. It is desirable to acquire it in the form of solid hairs. In this situation, the high cost associated with authenticity and quality. The natural ground spices have a bitter spicy smell. And the color should be red-brown. During the purchase must pay attention to the manufacturer and packaging. It is important that it is opaque and airtight. Weight is no more than 1-5 g, and a fake weighs 20-40 g.

Produce spice in Iran, Italy, Greece, Azerbaijan, India. It must be stored in an airtight container, leaving it away from sunlight and humidity. The temperature should be +20 degrees. Proper storage allows you to keep the value of the product for two years.

Saffron seasoning overview

The first traces of the use of saffron were found in the composition of paints for rock painting of the Neolithic period. In Mesopotamia, they began to use this spice food, and the Persians made aromatic oils and perfumes with aphrodisiac properties on the basis of saffron, and also wove saffron threads into fabrics for sacrifices.

Saffron was widely used for medical purposes. So, for the treatment of wounds it was used in the army of Alexander the Great. The Romans, in addition to being used as a medicine, were also used as a spice and dye for skin and fabrics.

Evidence of the high value of saffron in antiquity is its mention even in the Old Testament, as incense, a dye and an element of sacrifice. In the east, Buddhist monks used saffron to dye clothes.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, interest in saffron almost disappeared, and it was revived only in the Middle Ages. In Europe, spice was a sign of high social status and great wealth. At the courtyards was very fashionable clothes and shoes, dyed with saffron. And Henry VIII even forbade his courtiers to use this dye to stand alone against their background.

Saffron flowers, better known as crocuses, were used in Bourbon heraldry. There is even a town in the English county of Essex called Safron in honor of the spice, which brought a large income to the treasury of the state.

Saffron Spread

The Spaniards were the most "quick" and the first began to grow crocus for the production of saffron for export. And today, Valencia, the Balearic Islands and Andalusia are the owners of the largest plantations of this plant.

Cultivation and production of saffron are also widespread in Italy, France, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, Greece, China, New Zealand, Japan, the USA and the Transcaucasian states. It has been observed that in those countries where this spice is widely consumed in food, diseases of the heart and blood vessels are much less common.

Noteworthy is the fact that, depending on the place of production, tastes and properties of saffron differ. The most valuable and expensive Spanish saffron, as it has the richest aroma and rich flavor.

But Indian and Greek saffron can "boast" the longest shelf life. The spice produced in Italy is characterized by a strong smell and strong taste. The cheapest is saffron produced in Iran.

Saffron growing house

The high cost of saffron is due to two main reasons:

  • The complexity of growing.
  • Incomparable taste, aroma and healing properties.

Saffron is a dry stigma of crocus flowers or purple seed (Crocus sativus). This plant blooms once a year for 2-3 days. Gather flowers on the first day of flowering at dawn and only by hand.

The weather should be dry and windless. The stigmas of the collected flowers are also pulled out by hand and quickly dried in the sun, on fire or in special dryers. The quality of the spice depends on the speed of its collection and drying.

To obtain 1 kilogram of spices, stigmas of hundreds of thousands of saffron flowers are needed. In the first year, the plantation of these flowers can yield no more than 5–6 kilograms per hectare, in the following years - around 20 kilograms. At the same time, the plantations need to be renewed every 3–4 years, since the period of life of these plants is rather small. Saffron is propagated by dividing the bulbs.

Saffron useful properties

About the unique effect of saffron on the human body is known from ancient times. Under its action in the body produces serotonin, better known as the "hormone of happiness."

This explains his ability to save from pain, melancholy and depression. Once women of noble birth took saffron tincture for pain relief of childbirth. And, all known, Cleopatra took baths with saffron to preserve youth and excellent skin appearance.

According to Ayurveda, saffron is useful for everyone. The spice has a tonic effect and improves the nutrition of the cells of the whole organism, and especially blood, plasma and nerve cells. Thanks to its tonic, analgesic and regenerating effects, saffron has been used in the treatment of more than 90 diseases.

It contributes to the normalization of digestion, strengthening the organs of the respiratory system and sensory organs, increasing potency, normalizing the menstrual cycle. It is also used for infertility, neuralgia, heart disease, convulsions, to cleanse the kidneys, liver and lymph, and even to improve the complexion.

Modern medicine uses saffron and its beneficial properties for the manufacture of various tinctures, tinctures and eye drops. Both antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic properties of crocus have been established. The use of saffron powder with milk improves memory and stimulates the growth of brain tissue, and, in a mixture with honey, promotes the fragmentation of kidney stones.

All the beneficial properties of saffron due to its richest composition. So stigmas spices contain thiamine, shafranol, sineol, pinole, pinene, glycosides, riboflavin, flavonoids, fatty oils, gum, phosphorus, calcium and vitamins. Carotenoids, crocin glycoside, lycopene and beta-carotene provide yellow staining.

Saffron has found its use in folk medicine. Gadgets based on it help relieve headaches and relieve insomnia. Spice can reduce the feeling of hunger and get rid of hangover, however, taken together with alcohol contributes to the strongest intoxication.

It must be remembered that saffron is quite a potent agent, the excess of which can lead to poisoning, and a few grams of fresh - lethal. Due to the strong tonic effect, its use in children and during pregnancy is contraindicated.

Appearance and selection of saffron

Saffron has the appearance of red-brown or dark red matted threads with yellowish patches. One thread of it can give the dish a special refined aroma and a specific sweet-spicy-bitter taste.

It is recommended to buy saffron in the form of threads, since they are harder to fake than powder. However, their “craftsmen” learned to forge, selling finely cut colored paper under the guise of stigmas. But under the guise of saffron powder they often sell turmeric, crushed dried calendula flowers or even powder of unknown origin. Once for such "tricks" cunning executed.

You should not buy too pale or non-aromatic spice, because it is a sign of long-term or improper storage, which lost all useful properties.

Independently try to procure the stigma is also not worth it. Very often, crocus is confused with autumn crocus, which is a poisonous plant.

Sausage stewed sausages

  • Saffron - 2 threads
  • sausage - 2 pcs.,
  • olive oil - 2 tbsp. spoons
  • onion - 100 g,
  • garlic - 1 tooth,
  • potatoes - 2 pcs.,
  • chicken broth - 200 ml,
  • green peas - 50 g,
  • salt to taste
  • pepper - to taste.

Saffron is soaked in a spoonful of water. Sausages are cut, fried on low heat and spread on a plate.

Peel the onions, finely chop them and fry them for 2–3 minutes, then add peeled and chopped garlic to it and fry for another minute.

Potatoes are peeled, cut and added to roast on the onions with garlic for 5-6 minutes. To the fried vegetables add broth, infusion of saffron, bring to a boil and stew until potatoes are ready.

Add the sausages, peas, salt and pepper and continue to simmer another 2-3 minutes.

Halibut with Saffron Stew

  • Saffron - 1 thread
  • Fillet of halibut - 500 g,
  • flour - 30 g,
  • olive oil - 30 ml,
  • Bulgarian pepper - 2 pcs.,
  • onion - 1 pc.,
  • garlic - 1 tooth,
  • Tomato - 1 pc.,
  • parsley - 1 hour. Spoon,
  • salt and pepper to taste.

Chop the pre-washed vegetables. Saffron is soaked in a small amount of warm water.

Salt, pepper, roll in flour and fry on both sides in olive oil. Then put it in the pan and put in the oven for 10 minutes.

At this time, fry the onion, pepper, garlic, tomatoes and parsley for 5 minutes. Add saffron with infusion to vegetables and stew over low heat for 10 minutes. Stewed vegetables are salted, peppered and served along with halibut.

Golden cake

  • Saffron - 4-5 threads,
  • milk - 60–70 ml (used separately),
  • butter - 1 tsp,
  • flour - 130–140 g,
  • sugar - 130–140 g (used separately),
  • Baking powder - 1 tsp,
  • Soda - 0.5 tsp.
  • egg - 1 pc.,
  • rose water - 2 tsp,
  • vanilla - 1 teaspoon (used separately),
  • water - 70 ml
  • crushed pistachios - 2–3 tsp.

In a small saucepan, saffron is poured with 2 tablespoons of milk, brought to a boil and allowed to cool. Large capacity is used for mixing flour, baking powder, soda and 100 g of sugar.

The remaining milk, rose water, egg, ½ tablespoons of vanilla are added to the milk with saffron, thoroughly mixed and poured into the flour mixture, stirring constantly.

The baking sheet is greased with butter and poured on it the resulting dough. Put in a preheated oven for 10-15 minutes. The baked cake is allowed to cool for 5 minutes.

At this time, dissolve the remaining sugar in water, boil it and add vanilla. With a wooden stick, several recesses are made in the center of the cake, poured over with syrup and sprinkled with pistachios.

Cottage Cheese Dessert with Saffron (Easter)

  • Saffron - 10 strands,
  • homemade cottage cheese (fatty) - 2 kg,
  • 10 yolks,
  • sugar - 200 g,
  • butter - 300 g,
  • sour cream (fat) - 50 g,
  • raisins - 200 g,
  • candied or dried fruits - 100 g,
  • crushed almonds - 200 g,
  • crushed unsalted pistachios - 100 g,
  • Cognac - 50 g

Cottage cheese, placed in cheesecloth, put on a colander, set over a deep container. Put oppression on top and “forget” for 10-12 hours.

Squeezed cottage cheese rubbed through a sieve. Dried fruits and raisins are poured over 3 hours with brandy. Whip butter, adding sugar. When it turns white, without ceasing to stir, injected yolks and sour cream. The resulting mass is mixed with frayed cottage cheese, add dried fruits and nuts, leaving little to decorate. Saffron is thoroughly ground and added to the previously obtained mixture.

Easter spread on a dish covered with gauze, and placed in the refrigerator. 2 hours before serving, take the dessert out of the fridge and decorate.

This dessert from cottage cheese must be cooked 2–3 days before the holiday in order for it to brew.

Appearance of saffron

Crocus saffron (lat. Crocus sativus) is a tuber bulbous perennial herb of the genus Saffron of the Iris or Iris family. In the wild form does not grow, because it can not reproduce without human intervention. Now you know what saffron looks like and what it is. The plant can be grown at home, read more in this article.

Saffron has a strong peculiar aroma and bitter spicy taste. Although saffron grass also has beneficial properties, it is used in medicine and cooking for the stigma of a plant. Spice is also used for coloring and flavoring food.

What is useful?

The composition of the spice can be called unique because it includes many vitamins and minerals. All the benefits of saffron in medicine is due to its composition.

  • Due to the potassium contained in the spice, it will be useful for problems with the cardiovascular system.
  • It helps to strengthen the vascular walls, and also lowers blood pressure indicators. The spice will be incredibly useful in strokes, the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, ischemia and hypertension.
  • Saffron stimulates brain cells.
  • The product exhibits antiseptic and tonic properties.
  • Spice benefits from the existing disorders of a neurological nature, and also eliminates pain.
  • Spice helps with violations of the menstrual cycle and pathologies of the urogenital system, in particular, contributes to the removal of sand from the kidneys and bladder.
  • Saffron will be useful for the eyes, in particular, age-related changes.
  • There is evidence that the spice gives a good therapeutic effect in oncology. Saffron based tinctures can slow tumor growth.
  • Spice - a powerful natural aphrodisiac. The property is due to the "skill" of saffron to increase the blood circulation of the pelvic organs. That is why the spice will be useful for potency.
  • It helps the product and a hangover.

In addition, the spice can be used for medicinal purposes in some pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, bronchial asthma, as well as insomnia and depression.

Choosing a spice

In order not to get an incredibly expensive fake, you need to know some secrets.

  • It is best to buy whole stigmas, since ground ground petals of calendula or safflower, turmeric, carobenedict, etc., are often given out for powdered saffron. It is worth knowing that the stigmas of the saffron, if they are lowered into the water, always sink to the bottom. This is the surest and easiest way to determine deception.
  • If you need to buy exactly powdered saffron, then it paints the water in a saturated red-orange shade. If the seller is trying to sell the craft, the water will turn just yellow.
  • Buying spice is best from reliable suppliers. It is necessary to pay attention to the country of origin.
  • If you are allowed, smell the spice. If saffron is real, then it gives a rich smell, in which there is a slight bitterness. If the fragrance is completely absent, then the purchase should be abandoned.

How to store?

Natural saffron is a very expensive treat, so you need to store the spice properly. It is best to use a container with a tight-fitting lid for this purpose. Protect the spice from direct sunlight. It is necessary to observe the temperature regime - it "does not like" the heat. The maximum temperature at which you can keep the spice - +20.

If you follow all the rules, the spice retains its properties for two years.

Saffron Infusion

To prepare the infusion, you must perform the following steps:

  • brew a spoonful of stigmas with a glass of boiling water
  • insist thirty minutes
  • filter out.

If you plan to use saffron ether, then
add a few drops of oil to the oil burner.

Saffron treatment

It is widely used in traditional medicine.

  • With bronchitis, you need to prepare an infusion according to the classic recipe. The rate should be divided into three doses during the day.
  • Squash from the stigmas of saffron inflict on the injury area. It gives an excellent analgesic effect.
  • When urolithiasis uses the following composition. In a hundred grams of liquid honey you need to stir a small spoonful of saffron powder. Take on an empty stomach twice a day.
  • Treatment of mastopathy involves the imposition of saffron gruel on the inflamed area of ​​the breast. Компресс обладает противовоспалительным и размягчающим эффектом.
  • При цистите и уретрите помогает сбор, включающий равные части цвета маргаритки, шафрана и василька. Ложку микса нужно заварить в двух бокалах кипятка и настоять. Пить по большой ложке каждые полтора часа.
  • Для снятия болей при геморроидальном поражении настой шафрана используется для компрессов.
  • Eye treatment - barley and cataracts - involves the use of lotions and saffron infusion.
  • When inflammation of the conjunctiva helps the collection of the color of snapdragon, calendula, cornflower and saffron. Herbs and spice need to be taken in equal shares. Brew composition according to the classic recipe.
  • For diseases of the heart and blood vessels, as well as angina attacks, it is recommended to drink saffron infusion. The dose is a large spoon before each meal.
  • To enhance potency, it is recommended to add a bit of ginger into it when preparing the infusion of spice stigmas.
  • Compresses from saffron infusion do a good job with suppurations.
  • Saffron is also used for weight loss. Spice has the ability to suppress appetite, so the spice is recommended for people dissatisfied with their weight.

Cooking Application

It is important to remember that long-term heat treatment "kills" not only medicinal, but also taste, spices. That is why you need to add it to dishes five minutes before readiness.

Spice perfectly emphasizes the taste of the following dishes and products:

  • Oriental pilaf,
  • rice,
  • cauliflower,
  • baking.

The use of saffron provide recipes for some soups. Spices are good on their own, but they also play well in company with cinnamon, basil, cilantro and thyme.

Oriental wings

For cooking, you will need a set of the following products:

  • wings (kilogram),
  • rice (three glasses)
  • dried apricots (two hundred and fifty grams),
  • figs and raisins (one hundred grams),
  • prunes (fifty grams),
  • onion (two heads),
  • eggs (two pieces),
  • ghee (two hundred grams) butter,
  • a pinch of saffron,
  • Zira and barberry (big spoon).

  1. It is necessary to cook crumbly rice.
  2. Oiled walls of cauldron. Beat the eggs and pour them into the cauldron. Then put prepared rice into it.
  3. Add all the spices and one hundred fifty grams of butter. Mix and cook for twenty minutes. Posting.
  4. Fry the wings in the same pan until golden brown. Posting.
  5. On the remaining oil, fry onion rings and dried fruits.

Serve wings with rice and dried fruit.

Halibut with Saffron Sauce

Saffron perfectly emphasizes the taste of fish. To prepare the next dish will be needed:

  • fillet of any white fish (two pieces),
  • fish broth (one liter),
  • dry white wine (one hundred twenty five milliliters),
  • whisper saffron,
  • high fat cream (one hundred milliliters),
  • lemon juice (two spoons).

  1. Put the fish in the cooking pot and pour over the mixture of broth and wine. Boil ten minutes.
  2. Fry the saffron in a pan without adding oil. Pour half a glass of fish broth and all the cream. Heat the mixture until thick.
  3. When the sauce is ready, add lemon juice to it.

Fish can be served with any side dish, watering the resulting sauce.

Saffron (Crocus): Description of Useful Seasoning

Herbaceous perennial plant saffron (Arab. Zafaran) comes from the Middle East, India and Asia Minor. Included in the family of iris. His other name is Crocus. (lat. Crocus sativus), in Europe, bears the name of "plant of the sun." You can learn it by long standing narrow linear leaves growing from the root, and beautiful funnel-shaped purple flowers. The duration of flowering at the crocus is very small - within seven days.

Each flower of saffron contains three burgundy stamens with light patches. The crushed dried stigmas are a world famous seasoning that has a strong aroma and a spicy bitter-honey taste. In addition, they are used as food coloring, in perfumery and medicine. Due to the content of vitamins, minerals and essential oils, the saffron stigmas have beneficial properties for human health. Externally, the spice looks like thin strings or veins of red-brown or dark red color.

Medicinal properties of saffron: why is the plant useful?

The properties of saffron were investigated in ancient times, seasoning was used to make healing ointments, skin care products, and infusions for women's health. For long years of consumption and for therapeutic purposes The beneficial effect of saffron on:

  • nervous system
  • brain activity
  • the digestive system,
  • urogenital system in women
  • improved erection
  • strengthening the cardiovascular system
  • vision restoration,
  • increased sexual desire.

Saffron is a good antidepressant, effective analgesic and aphrodisiac.

Recent studies in the field of cancer use this herb to stop the growth of cancer cells, in particular, in liver cancer.

Saffron consumption is advised to people working in polluted enterprises, since this spice has anti-carcinogenic and anti-mutagenic properties.

How to apply saffron: recipes of traditional medicine

In official medicine, crocus is part of eye drops and fortifying tinctures. Folk medicine also uses saffron in many recipes for various diseases.

The most common use of saffron is daily consumption of saffron stigmas. For its preparation it is necessary to dissolve 1-2 fragments in 100-250 g of warm milk or water. This infusion is able to beneficially affect the human body as a whole, improve memory, stimulate the brain.

Another recipe for universal infusion: pour 15 ml of boiling water for 3-5 minutes, heat on the fire, add 300 ml of water, remove before boiling. After the veins settle to the bottom, the infusion can be taken 200 ml before meals.

Infusion with honey (1 tbsp. Spoon of honey, 1 tsp of saffron powder) is used to crush the stones in the kidneys and bladder and as a means to remove bile. Dose for a single dose - 25 g before meals. Also, with this disease, a decoction of a mixture of: saffron, ivy, tea rose petals, fragrant violet and lilac leaves is taken throughout the day. 2 tbsp. spoons of ingredients in equal shares brew in 2 liters of boiling water.

For cystitis, it is advised to mix saffron veins into cranberry juice, cranberry juice, or to drink an infusion of 2-3 veins, 100 ml of fresh cranberry juice, diluted in a glass of warm water. The infusion is drunk three times a day in 100 ml before meals, necessarily combining with drinking large amounts of water.

The beneficial properties of saffron for the urogenital system in women - the normalization of the menstrual cycle, pain relief during menstruation. For lower abdominal pains, it is recommended to chew the veins of saffron (5 pieces) with water. If you have problems with the cycle, you can try a decoction of herbs: the pine forest (25 g), saffron (25 g), water (500 g). Take on an empty stomach 100 ml.

To cleanse the body on an empty stomach drink an infusion of 10 stigmas of saffron (3 veins), 10 pieces of light raisins and half a cup of cold boiled water, settled overnight. The regimen is twice a day for two months.

Among the beneficial properties of saffron for men, it can be noted that seasoning is a natural aphrodisiac without side effects. To increase the potency, add saffron, ginger and black pepper to vegetable, meat and fish dishes.

Saffron has a healing effect when applied externally. It is used as lotions for headaches and insomnia. With the same problems, it is advised to inhale the scent of the powder tied into a cloth bag. Or rub into the nostrils of the slurry of 3-4 veins, mixed with three drops of melted butter.

For the treatment of purulent wounds and rubbing of skin lesions, use a decoction of crocus leaves: 2 tbsp. spoon / 500 ml of water.

Saffron is very useful for the eyes, its medicinal properties have been proven in conjunctivitis, barley. In the case of these diseases, apply 15-minute compresses with a gruel of 5 ground veins connected to the infusion of rose water (in equal amounts).

Saffron has found application in cosmetology. A 20-minute mask of 1 tsp of saffron, 1 tsp of honey and 1 tsp of sour cream has a rejuvenating and refreshing effect. Saffron decoction caressed hair.

How to use saffron in cooking

Saffron is able to give a special, unique taste and a beautiful golden hue to almost any dish. In cooking, it is often called the "king of spices" or "spice number 1." It goes well with meat, fish and vegetable dishes. Spice for color and flavor is added to the recipe of cheeses, sausages, oils, beverages, confectionery and bakery products, creams, desserts. Saffron does not do without traditional Indian and Spanish cuisine. First of all, it concerns rice dishes. Spice is also used in the preparation of liqueurs and cocktails.

It is also recommended to add saffron to hot dishes 4-5 minutes before the end of the heat treatment. It is better to include the spice in the dough when kneading or just before baking. The norm is 0.1 g saffron per 1-1.5 kg of dough or dish.

"King of spices" is usually present in the food itself, with other spices are not combined.

Saffron Harm

Any remedy used for the purpose of treatment, including saffron, can have both beneficial properties and contraindications to use.

The use of saffron is prohibited:

  • pregnant
  • women during lactation,
  • children under two years old
  • hypertensives
  • diabetics
  • people with cardiovascular diseases.
The use of saffron in the amount of 2 g and more can cause poisoning even in a completely healthy person.

Description of saffron crocus

Saffron (crocus) is a perennial bulbous bulb plant belonging to the Iris family. The very first mention of it can be found even 3,000 years before our era. In the wild, this flower grows in the Mediterranean, Europe, Asia Minor and Central Asia and the Middle East.

Crocus corms are not large, up to 3 centimeters in diameter, have a rounded or slightly flattened shape. The presence of protective scales. At the bottom is a bundle of uriciform roots, the color of which depends on the specific type and variety.

Linear, straight leaves of rich green color grow straight out of the ground, at the base, they are also like corms, covered with scales.

Depending on the variety, saffron may bloom in both spring and autumn. Most often, the flowers are arranged singly, it is extremely rare to see that 2 or 3 flowers grew from one corm.

The perianth crocus is made in the form of a long funnel, consisting of six folded lobes, which smoothly flow into the tube, performing the role of peduncle. The stamens attach to the throat of the perianth, the anthers of such a plant have a linear, upright shape. Also on each flower there are three orange stigmas. Petals can be colored yellow, orange, purple or violet.

Crocus fruit is a small box consisting of three lobes. Seeds are small, slightly angular.

Unfortunately, not all types of crocus are available for general cultivation. Many varieties of this plant are listed in the Red Book and are on the verge of extinction.

Blooming Saffron Field

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